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A DICTIONARY 

OF THE TABGUMIM, THE TALMUD BABLI 

AND YEBUSHALMI, AND THE MIDBASHIC 

LITERATUBE 



COMPILED BY 

MARCUS JASTROW, Ph. D. Litt. D. 

WITH AN INDEX OP SCRIPTURAL QUOTATIONS 



VOLUME I: 



LONDON, W.C.: LUZAC & Co. I NEW YOEK: G.P.PUTNAM'S SONS 

46, GBEAT EUSSELL STREET ! 27 W. 23 d STEBET 

1903 




W- DR0GULIN, OEIBNTAL PEINTEK, LEIPZIG (GERMANY). 



TO 

MY WIFE 

IN 

LOVE AND GEATITUDE 



PREFACE. 



The literature embraced in this Dictionary covers a period of about one 
thousand years, and contains Hebrew and Aramaic elements in about equal pro- 
portions. The older Hebrew elements, which may conveniently be called the Mishhaic, 
and can in part be traced back to the first, if not to the second, century B. 0. B., 
may be considered a continuation of the Biblical Hebrew — Biblical Hebrew tinged 
with Aramaisms. It is therefore apt to throw light, more directly than its successor, 
on many obscure words and passages in the Bible; nevertheless, the material for Biblical 
exegesis deposited in the later literature is an inexhaustible mine, which still awaits 
exploitation by sympathetic students. Besides the Mishnah and the Tosefta, the 
Mishnaic period embraces Sifra andSifre, Mekhilta, and the older elements preserved 
in the Gemara, of which the prayers incidentally quoted are a very essential and 
interesting part. 

The later Hebrew elements in the Gemara and in the Midrashim lead down to the 
fifth and the eighth century respectively, and to a larger degree than the earlier Hebrew 
sections are mixed with Aramaic elements, and with foreign words borrowed from 
the environment and reflecting foreign influences in language as well as in thought. 
The Aramaic portions of the literature under treatment comprise both the eastern 
and the western dialects. 1 Owing to the close mental exchange between the 
Palestinian and the Babylonian Jews, these dialects are often found inextricably 
interwoven, and cannot be distinguished lexicographically. 

The subjects of this literature are as unlimited as are the interests of the human 
mind. Religion and ethics, exegesis and homiletics, jurisprudence and ceremonial 
laws, ritual and liturgy, philosophy and science, medicine and magics, astronomy 
and astrology, history and geography, commerce and trade, politics and social 
problems, all are represented there, and reflect the mental condition of the Jewish 
world in its seclusion from the outer world, as well as in its contact with the 
same whether in agreement or in opposition. 

1 For these Aramaic elements the traditional (though admittedly incorrect) term Ohaldaic (Ch., ch.) 
is retained in the Dictionary, wherever the designation is required for distinction from the corresponding 
Hebrew forms. 



Owing to the vast range and the unique character of this literature, both as 
to mode of thinking and method of presentation, it was frequently necessary to 
stretch the limits of lexicography and illustrate the definitions by means of larger 
citations than would be necessary in a more familiar domain of thought. Especially 
was this the case with legal and with ethical subjects. 

Archaeological matters have often been elucidated by references to Grreek and 
Roman customs and beliefs. 

The condition of the texts, especially of the Talmud Yerushalmi and of some of 
the Midrashim, made textual criticism and emendations inevitable, but the dangers 
of arbitrariness and personal bias had to be guarded against. Happily there were, 
in most cases, parallels to be drawn upon for the establishment of a correct text, 
and where these auxiliaries failed, the author preferred erring on the conservative 
side to indulging in conjectural emendations. For the Babylonian Talmud Raphael 
Rabbinowicz's Variae Lectiones was an invaluable aid to the author. 

The etymological method pursued in this Dictionary requires a somewhat fuller 
explanation than is ordinarily embodied in a preface. 1 

The Jewish literature here spoken of is specifically indigenous, in which respect 
it is unlike the Syriac literature contemporary with it, which is mainly Christian, 
and as such was influenced, not only in thought but also in language, by the 
Greek and Latin tongues of the religious teachers of a people itself not free from 
foreign admixtures. Foreign influences came to Jewish literature merely through 
the ordinary channel of international intercourse. It is for this reason, if for no 
other, that the Jewish literature of post-Biblical days down to the ninth century 
may be called original. Hence it is natural to expect that, in extending the horizon 
of thought, it also extended its vocabulary on its own basis, employing the elements 
contained in its own treasury. 

Starting from such premises, the investigator had to overhaul the laws regulating 
the derivation of -words whose etymology or meaning is unknown from known 
Semitic roots; every word of strange appearance had to be examined on its merits 
both as to its meaning or meanings and as to its origin; the temptation offered by 
phonetic resemblances had to be resisted, and the laws of word-formation common 
to all other original languages as well as the environment in which a word appears 
had to be consulted before a conclusion could be reached. The foremost among 
these laws is that a word is imported into one language from another with the 
importation of the article it represents or of the idea it conveys. Unless these 
conditions of importation are apparent, the presumption should be in favor of the 
home market. 

Take e. g. the word XtXiWC and its dialectic equivalent UttiaCS, which means 

1 The attempt to make "biliteral roots the basis for radical definitions of stems was found too 
cumbersome and too much subject to misunderstanding, and was therefore abandoned with the beginning 
of the third letter of the alphabet. 



(a) a recess, an alley adjoining the market place to which the merchants retire 
for the transaction of business, also the trader's stand under the colonnade, and 
(b.) an abscess, a carbuncle. The Latin semita, which since Musafia has been adopted 
as the origin of simta, offers hardly more than an assonance of consonants: a foot- 
path cannot, except by a great stretch, be forced into the meaning of a market 
stand; and what becomes of simta as abscess? But take the word as Semitic, and 
B53D, dialectically = t:53'il5 1 , offers itself readily, and as for the process of thought by 
which 'recess', 'nook', goes over into 'abscess' in medical language, we have a parallel 
in the Latin 'abscessus.' How much Latin medical nomenclature may have in- 
fluenced the same association of ideas among the Jews is a theme of speculation 
for students of comparative philology or of the physiology of language. 

A superficial glance at the vocabulary of this Dictionary will convince the 
reader that the example here given represents an extremely numerous class. The 
cases may not always be so plain, and the author is prepared for objections against 
his derivations in single instances, but the number of indisputable derivations from 
known Semitic roots remains large enough to justify the method pursued. 

The problem becomes more complicated when both the meaning and the origin 
of words are unknown. Such is the case e. g. with the word C^aDS in the phrase 
(Num. E. s. 4 20 ) TYYlffal &TS0K *j£fin, he turned the isperes and leaped. Levy, guided 
by Musafia, resorts to acpopov, ankle; others suspect in it the name of a garment, 
airetpos, a rare form for cwueTpov. But the phrase itself and the context in which 
it appears indicate a native word, and this is found in the stem D"3, of which 
DISDtf is an 'Ispeel' noun, that is to say, a noun formed from the enlarged stem 
D^SD. As CIS or tlD"© is the cloven foot, the latter being also applied to the human 
foot (Sifre Deuteronomy 2), so DTBDS is the front part of the foot, where the 
toes begin to separate. The phrase quoted is to be translated, 'he (David) inverted 
the front part of his foot', i. e. stood on tiptoe, 'and leaped' (danced). 

We meet with the same stem in the Aramaic, KD' , "iS&K. Referring to Lamentations 
III, 12, 'he has bent his bow and set me (literally: made me to stand) as a mark 
for the arrow', one Amora is recorded in the Midrash (Lamentations Rabbah a. 1.) 
as having explained kammattara laliets by a& h 1£©!ab KH*VQ5. Another is quoted as 
saying, 'like the pole of the archers (the Roman palus) at which all aim, but which 
remains standing.' What is aW^H? and what is KD^IBDS? The medieval Jewish 
commentators frankly admit their ignorance. Musafia, however, reads &WS, main- 
taining that he had found it in some editions, and refers to Latin par ma, explain- 
ing isp'risa as sparus, and translating, 'as the shield to the spear.' Ingenious, 
indeed! But on closer inspection this explanation is beset with intrinsic difficulties. 
To begin with, parma as shield does not appear in the Talmudic literature again, 
from which we may infer that it was not generally known to the Jews in their 

1 In fact where Pesahim 50 1 ' has xoa^b i"iin, Tosefta Biccurim end, in Mss. Erfurt and Vienna, 
reads hBTaiB illn, which is obviously a corruption of naaiffi, the pure Hebrew form for the Aramaic (saa^O. 



VIII PREFACE 

combats with the Romans. Furthermore, the sparus is a small hunting spear never 
used in battle to aim against the warrior's shield. As the entire passage in 
the Midrash quoted conveys the purpose of the interpreters to explain the Biblical 
text by means of a popular illustration, the Amora reported to have used this 
expression would have utterly missed his object, had he employed foreign and 
unfamiliar words, when he might have used plain words like TtWHb ]X05, or their 
Aramaic equivalents. If, furthermore, it is taken into consideration that editio Buber 
of Lam, R., in agreement with the Arukh, reads "p»tf piTi -pzil for "ia» Itt, thus 
distinctly referring to Babylonian authorities, the supposition of foreign origin for 
Katfi and KffHBOS falls to the ground. 1 But, on the other hand, take KO^lBDK 
as an 'Ispeel' noun of the stem WiB, and it means 'that which is to be cloven', 
i. e. the log, corresponding to the Hebrew ItPpl What is fcWYfi, or 8.WI3, again 
on the assumption that it is a home word? The root WO like D13 means to 
divide, to sj)lit 2 , and burma or rather bor'ma is 'the splitter', i. e. the wedge used 
to split the log. The Amora quoted in the Midrash therefore means to say that 
Israel, although the target of hostile attacks, is what the wedge is to the log: the 
wedge is struck, but the log is split. The other Amora quoted expresses the 
same idea by a different metaphor: 'as the pole of the arrows', and likewise a 
third, who lays stress on ^i 1 ^" 1 !, 'he caused me to stand', in the sense of enduring. 
An analogous expression to JtETQ is tfD^bB (Pales of abB), with which Targum 
renders the same Hebrew word (i"WH) that forms the subject of comment in the 
Midrash just referred to (I Samuel XX, 20). 

The following lines are intended to give some specimens of such extension of 
roots, both Hebrew and Aramaic, as have not been recognized heretofore, or, if 
recognized, have not been applied to their full extent. 

Ithpaal or Ithpeel nouns in Aramaean and Aramaicized Hebrew, and Hithpael 
nouns in Hebrew are too well known to require more than mere mention. Formations 
like JTIfittfflJ"!, ISa^nS, iWtiJiia are recognized on their face. Except for the preconceived 
notions concerning the nature of the Talmudic vocabulary, it would seem no more 
than natural that the Mishnaic trbttSS or n h btiDi!< (Yoma VII, 1) should be an enlarge- 
ment of tfbti, i. e. an Ithpaal noun of bbtJ, and "jib t^bttlZN merely a synonym of 
"fib h *Cfi in the same Mishnah, meaning 'covering', i. e. a suit of clothes, whereas 
the plainer form ivbti is used for cloak or sheet. From among the vocables 
reclaimed for the Semitic store on the same principle, one more maybe mentioned 
here: fctaoiPK or S53BO^ is a derivative of DH£, and, as such, a phonetic and actual 
equivalent of the Biblical H52S, and the meaning of the Hebrew word should be 
learned from its well-defined Aramaic representative: 'something which restrains the 

1 That Arukh ed. Kohut and Buber in Lam. R. read KrmsCiK, 'with n for d, cannot be taken into 
consideration in view of the numerous evidences in favor of KOTffldN. 

2 Compare Targum I Chronicles V, 1 2, xniD^o dia, 'a portion of the kingdom' and the particle dia 
'besides', and B'rakhoth 39 a Wis lriSiaTB, 'he chopped them into pieces.' 



PEEEACE IX 

flying locks' (Sabbath* 57 b ), i. e. a hair-band worn, as we further learn from the 
discussion concerning ist'ma, under the hair net or cap. To uncover the ftOS (Isaiah 
XL VII, 2) therefore means to throw off the matron's head-cover and appear as 
a slave. The variant 'I3DK for 1328 in these forms is a common phenomenon in 
Talmudic orthography. 

In connection with this noun formation it may not be out of place to note 
that Ithpaal or Ithpeel nouns sometimes drop the initial Aleph, in which case they 
may resume the regular order of consonants, which is inverted in the verb. Thus 
8p12t3 (M'nahoth 41 a ) is formed from p1t328, the Ithpaal of p"J2, 'to justify one's self 
(compare Genesis XLIV, 16), and means justification, excuse. Another 8p12t3 is formed 
from the root pit), and means split, breaking through, damage (Baba Kamma 56 a ). 
*ljn2t3 (Gittin 86 a ) is an Ithpeel noun of 1H2 (=1fTF), and means a shining white spot, 
a suspicious symptom of leprosy; and, indeed, Alfasi reads 1H2. 1 The Mandaic 
dialect offers analogies to these formations (see Noeldeke, Mand. Grramm. § 48, sq.). 

The enlargement of stems by the prefix 125 is well known in the Aramaic Shafel, 
but evidences of this same process are to be met with also in classical Hebrew. 
We have "pp and VplB, yta and Viai2J, snb and fOflblB, and many more. More 
frequent is the use of the prefix 2"i for the formation of verbal nouns, as fjbSli, 
Jta^fiFl, &c. Such verbal nouns may again become the basis for the formation of 
nominal verbs, as bb&flJl, 'to pray', which only by a stretch of the imagination 
can be explained as a plain Hithpael. So also J^ilMl, 'to shout' (Ps. LXV, 14; 
LX, 10; OVIII, 10), is to be taken as a derivative of Wnil. The Talmudic Hebrew 
offers these formations in abundance, as b^riSnri from PlbttFl, Dill from nSMIFl (see 
Abraham Greiger, Die Sprache der Mischnah, § 7). 

On this principle of enlarged stems many words in this Dictionary have been 
regained from foreign origin for Semitic citizenship, e. g. D h 12"i, 'shield', and its 
derivatives in Hebrew and Aramaic, KfdTO and *jni23 (see the Dictionary s. vv.). 

The letter D is an equivalent of 123 in the Shafel forms in the later Hebrew 
as in the Aramaic; hence words like SID, Piel SID from 31; SlTiD from Sfil; b}1D 
from bjl; pID, 'to be empty', from pi, and many more. 

A further development of Safel stems consists in formations which for con- 
venience' sake may be defined as 'Ispeel' nouns, of which the aforementioned 
DTSD8 and KD^ISDia may serve as examples. 

The same letters, 123, ti, D, and also T, are used as intensive suffixes. The Biblical 
1253131 and T1251S have been explained by some as enlargements of F)t3l (= 3t3l) 
and 12512 respectively. Be this as it may, the Talmudic Hebrew and the Aramaic 
possess such intensive suffixes. D31S belongs to "J1S, 'to crush, grind, scrape', and 
the various significations of this enlarged stem and its derivatives can easily be 
traced back to the fundamental meaning (see Diet. s. v. D313 I and II). Only to 

. l See Dictionary s. v. iftSD for an explanation of the misinterpretation which the word has suffered 
at the hands of commentators. 



one derivative of DilB reference may here be made. fiDilSN is 'the grinder', i. e. the 
hopper in the mill, and were it not for the tenacious prejudice in favor of foreign 
etymologies, no scholar would ever have thought of resorting for the original of 
dfarkheseth to upoxoos or apical, neither of which has any connection with the 
grinding process. 1 

For words with suffixed t the reader is referred to fbtSK and Ktlbtop.as specimens. 

Enlargements by suffixed "\ have been recognized in IpTB and TplBK. More 
frequent is the formation by prefixed "1, originally the demonstrative or relative 
pronoun. In the Dictionary these forms are designated as Difel, Dispeel, or Dithpeel 
nouns. The well-known fcttVUl in the form of "1 "Itltvn for 'the wife of furnishes 
the key for the explanation of words like atortai,- JTBrten (Targum Isaiah XXIII, 13; 
XXX, 2, for Hebrew fibsa); tftnpDW, contracted tiSTtpen, an enlargement of lamp, 
'private town, settlement'; KpFVffl'n and 8pi*iD hb T, a denominative of Nptzi, 'handle of an 
axe' (Syr. tfpn&l* and apft&l); HWi (Sabb. 48 a ), 'shreds of a turban' (Ms. M. TJ1B), 
and many more. 

b as a formative suffix appears in classical Hebrew, as bS3*D,. buitt &c. (See 
Gesenius Thesaurus sub littera b.) Of Talmudic Hebrew there may be mentioned 
here bS'lK, ba"!? (from Sltf, 1*D>, to knit, interlace), meaning sieve, from which the 
verb bSDN! (bs*i), to sift. Correspondingly the Aramaic S&na, xbl*0>, is sieve, the verb 
baiN, to sift, shake, bi"l3>, to confound (compare the metaphor in Amos IX, 9), and 
"pxbaiy, mixed multitude. 

It would have been superfluous to refer here to that well-known enlarge-- 
ment of stems by suffixed b, were it not that even for so common a utensil as a 
sieve foreign languages have been ransacked, and arVla or 'arb'la has been found 
in the Latin cribellum. The enlarged stem bllK finds a further extension in bllD, 
for which verb and its derivatives the reader is referred to the Dictionary itself. 

Eeduplications of entire stems or of two letters of triliteral stems are well 
known. But there appear also reduplications of one letter employed for enlargement. 
KJnb^^smbabS, *&*n=*tot2-l, rWU3b=rYiubU3b, which may be explained as contractions, 
find a counterpart in Jtttvun, thresher or grist-maker, which is a reduplication of Iffn 
or wtn. 

These reduplications are especially remarkable for the transpositions of the 
radicals with which they are frequently connected. The stem 3>33tt appears as a 
reduplication of t"D>3, iOtt, in the sense of lowing, roaring, and figuratively of longing 
for and howling against. But it also occurs as a transposition of 3J>35>, a reduplication 
of Xi9, with the meaning of rolling around, babfc, from bbS3, interchanges with Dbftb, 

1 This n&S-fii* has nothing in common with D3S")!$ (aprca£=68pdpira£, oipita7iov), 'the waterclock', which 
appears in Gen. R. s. 4. In Kelim XIV, 6, and XXX, 4, where a metal "harpax and a glass harpax are 
respectively mentioned, the Arukh has preserved the correct reading &SB1R, where the editions have 
DD1SX. The latter reading has misled the commentators into identifying the word with rtosiBS, and it forced 
Maimonides, who realized the difficulty of a 'glass hopper', to assume the meaning of a hopper-shaped 
vessel, a funnel, 



signifying to talk against, murmur: D3D3, apocopated SjD3, is a transposition of "ID3D. 
blflbts interchanges with Ulb'fflb in the nouns bl'fflbia and ffi»bTBb, with their Aramaic 
equivalent KniBlblBb, and in the contracted forms tWfflb and rWfflbTD. 1 

It need scarcely be said that these outlines of Talmudic etymology by no 
means exhaust the subject. They have been given a place here for the purpose 
of showing the basis upon which the work has been constructed, and as a justification 
of the author's deviation from the views hitherto prevailing on the subject under 
consideration. . ■ - 

A few remarks on foreign words in the literature which for the sake of 
brevity is here called Talmudic, may not be out of place in this preface. 

The intercourse between the Jews of the Talmudic ages with Greek and Latin 
speaking gentiles was not only that of trade and government, but also of thought 
and ideas. Along with the apostles and teachers of young Christianity, and even 
before their time, Jewish champions of religion and morality lectured in the 
private rooms of princes and princesses, noblemen and matrons. Instances of 
intimate association of prominent Jewish teachers with emperors, kings, philo- 
sophers, and scholars and their families are related in the Talmudic records in 
numbers large enough to account for the adoption of words like philosophy, astrology, 
epilogue, &c, not to speak of such terms as were borrowed by the Jews together 
with the objects or ideas which they represent. A footstool was called hypo- 
podion, a tablet pinax; the profligate gourmand's emetic taken before meals, or 
rather between one stage of the banquet and the other, was called by its jocular 
name dicoxoTxa^tCsiv (to play the cottabus), and adopted in the general medical 
sense; and so forth. 

This accounts for the large number of Greek and Latin vocables in the so- 
called Jerusalem Talmud grown up under the Greco-Eoman influences of the Csesars, 
and more still in those Targumim and Midrashim which were compiled in the 
Byzantine empire. The Agadah, taking its illustrations from the daily environment, 
speaks of Caisar, Augustus, duces, polemarchi, legiones, matrona, schola, &c, -while 
in legal discussions the institutions of the governments, in so far as they influenced 
or superseded the Jewish law, had to be called by their foreign names. Agoranomos 
and agronomia, angaria and par angaria, epimeletes, epitropos, bule, and innumerable 
other terms were embodied in the Jewish vocabulary, although not always dislodging 
their Hebrew or Aramaic equivalents. 

Owing to copyists' mistakes and acoustic deficiencies of transmission in distant 
ages and countries in which these foreign words were but vaguely understood, the 
student has on this point to contend with a vast number of corruptions and 
glossators' guesses at interpretation. In most eases, however, these corruptions are 
recoverable through the medium of correct or differently corrupted, parallels. 

1 See Jastrow, Transposed Stems, Drugulin, Leipzig 1891, and the Dictionary under the re- 
spective words. 



XII PBEFACE 

"'irons!* ("'"iWtSS, "Wltf, Gittin 20 a ), not recognized by the commentators, and probably 
no longer understood by the Babylonian Babbis, who received the word from 
Palestine together with the legal subject with which it is connected, fortunately 
finds a parallel in a worse copyist's corruption in the Jerusalem Talmud, namely 
DWB pyrin (Yer. Gittin IV, 45 d ), and both in KtiplniH (Treatise Abadim, ed. Kirch- 
heim, ch; IV). A combination of these corruptions together with an examination 
of the subject under discussion leads to vindicta or vindicatio(-nis) (see Revue des 
Etudes Juives, 1883, p. 150). It should be said, however, that this is one of the 
worst corruptions the author has met with. 

Another class of corruptions owes its existence to the natural tendency to 
adapt foreign words to the organic peculiarities of the people. The people pro- 
nounced Andrianos or Andrinos more easily than Hadrianos; unkeanos was more 
congenial than okeanos, agard'mos and agromos are popular mutilations of agoranomos; 
tfp^tttba and tfp'nSbi are organic transformations of lectka; although the correct forms 
Hadrianos, okeanos, &c. are by no means infrequent (see Collitz, The Aryan Name 
of the Tongue, in 'Oriental Studies', Boston, 1894, p. 201, note). 

Otherwise the foreign consonants are transliterated as faithfully as can be 
expected with national organic peculiarities as different as the Aryan and the 
Semitic. Transpositions of rd and dr, frequent even in Hebrew or Aramaic home- 
words, or sch for x (cks), need hardly surprise any one. Thus ■d'tymn and fc^QTiin 
go side by side with D^TrX, for hydraulis; "pftppo stands for xenium; DIODIDSIT 
for dyschistos, and so forth. 

As to vowels, the Greek \ and the Latin e are, as a rule, represented by "', 
the Greek oi by 1 or ^1, whereas the Greek eo frequently appears, as T\ The Greek u 
and the Latin u keep their place as midway between vowels and consonants, so 
that they may be transcribed by *, 1, or 2. The last is especially the case in 
diphthongs, so that DtfiVO is met with alongside of dttYlVO, and DtaTVp for 
(BouXsuttjs. 

Short vowels, except in cases of heavy accumulations of consonants, are most 
frequently ignored. This omission of vowels, congenial as it is to the Semitic spirit, 
means a loss of soul to the Aryan words, and offers difficulties not easily overcome, 

The laws of transliteration of Greek and Latin loanwords are exhaustively 
treated in Samuel Krauss, „Griechische und Lateinische Lehnworter in Talmud, &c." 
(Berlin, S. Calvary & Co., 1898). It is to be regretted that the proclivity to find 
Latin and Greek in words indisputably Semitic has led the author into a labyrinth of 
fatal errors. 

Persian words are now and then encountered in the Talmud as remnants 
of the first period after the Babylonian exile, when the new Jewish commonwealth 
was organized under the Persian empire, and more still as modern arrivals of the 
time when Babylonia grew to be the centre of Jewish lore. 

Arabic elements of direct importation, barring explicit linguistic references, 
came along with Arabic objects of trade, but there should be a considable reduction 



from the number hitherto accepted in Talmudic lexicography. The Hebrew and 
Aramaic of the Talmudic period had little to learn from a people which after the 
close of the Talmudic era became the world's teacher. 

The difficulties besetting the study of Talmud and Midrash will be overcome 
in the degree in which modern scholars will take it up for philological and 
archaeological purposes as adjuncts of those who are too much engrossed in its 
practical and doctrinal side to allow themselves time for what seems to them 
unessential. But even what has been heretofore rediscovered, as it were, thanks to 
the labors of Leopold Zunz, Samuel Loeb Rapaport, Heinrich Graetz, Zacharias 
Frankel, Michael Sachs, Solomon David Luzzatto, Abraham Greiger, M. Joel, Joseph 
Perles, Alexander Kohut, and a host of others, is enough to prove the marvellous 
familiarity of the Rabbis with the events, institutions, and views of life of the world 
outside and around their own peculiar civilization. What is more, we have been 
familiarized with the philosophical impartiality and sober superiority with which 
they appreciated what was laudable and reprehended what was objectionable in 
the intellectual and moral condition of the 'nations of the world', as they called 
the gentile world around them; kings and empires, nations and governments, public 
entertainments and social habits, they reviewed through the spy-glass of pure mono- 
theism and stern morality. 

In conclusion, the author begs to state his indebtedness to Jacob Levy's 
Targumic and Neo-Hebrew Dictionaries, where an amount of material far exceeding 
the vocabularies of the Arukh and Buxtorf's Lexicon Hebraicum et Chaldaicum 
is accumulated, which alone could have encouraged and enabled the author to 
undertake a task the mere preparation for which may well fill a lifetime. 

Thanks are also rendered here for the munificent subventions which enabled 
the author to publish a work by its nature requiring great pecuniary sacrifices. 
To the list of subscribers mentioned on the title sheet of the first volume, the follow- 
ing should be added: Mr. Emanuel Lehman, Mr. Louis Stern, the Honorable Isidor 
Straus, the Honorable Oscar S. Straus, all of New York, and Judge Mayer Sulzberger 
of Philadelphia (additional subscription). It gives the author considerable pleasure 
to place among the subscriptions a gift of the school children of the Congregation 
Rodef Shalom of Philadelphia, on the occasion of the seventieth birthday of its 
Rabbi Emeritus. 

The author also expresses his gratitude to the friends who have assisted him 
in the arduous task of proof reading, among whom special mention is due to 
Miss Henrietta Szold, of Baltimore. He also acknowledges his obligation to the 
Rev. Dr. S. Mendelsohn, of Wilmington, N. 0., for the index of Scriptural citations 
appended to this work, a contribution which, the author is confident, will be 
welcomed by all Biblical students. 

The religious sentiments inspiring the author at the completion of his labors 
of five and twenty years are too sacred to be sent abroad beyond the sanctuary 
of heart and home. 
• Philadelphia, May, 1903. MARCUS JASTROW 



Hebrew or Aramaic Abbreviations 

i Talmud and Midrash, including abbreviations of the most frequently occurring 
names of 1 



s"s=i3i3!* dmsK 


n"aa=x3n na na 


n"iua=3n niua, ian am 


n"U5i=am3n nasaj m 


x"s<=nnaK i« 


Ta^in his 




s"n=nas nn 


K"X=n©BK ^i< 


x"n3=diniax dinan naa 


■asH* 1 ™ 


s"n=s"3n 


s"K=um nm 


n"a=bbn ma 


B"w=nna nmia 


a"nn=nsian bin 


3"KN=xabiaa nnax m 


n"3=irnpan ma 


n"a=aine>n mbiaa 


i"n=aibiai &n 


3"X!*=p DK xbi* 


n"a=nian b»3 


s>"a=niins iiVna 


s"3n=dinais diasn 


a"it=inii3i3 sens 


n"a=xin -jina 


s>"a=ps ia 


V'n=yn«b nsin 


»"a«=sais« rros is 


x"na=&inaix bbn ma 


lB"S=tt)'"ia 


i"a=^«eM 


n"s=in»xn »3'i« 


s"na=nD3=n nia 


x"n=nnx nan 


s"i=dinais ii)i 


-i"ms=-,TO!Kin tans 


3"na=xD3h nia 


x"xn=ns)3ix inaxn 




n"N="on ix 


a „' }=iunnan nia 


n"n=ban inan 


„ |=dmiBan dii 


n"x=s"nis 




t3"n=dmsiS3 inan 


s"n n"ii=mni 


"16t==-l«1£< (ainais) 


f'ana^jnan nana 


n"n=ian insn 


a"ii=a"i 


3>"mx=dbisn niais 


p"ana=ianpan nia 


n"n=nmn nan, inan 


n"i=inam im 


3"nx=-;3 nnx 


a)"n3=miBa8jn pa 


fr=mni, read isnx 


n"i = nniUS nsiaii) (bene- 


i"x=bsniDi •px 


„ }=b*ti nusa 


n"3n=n"apn 


dictions) 


X"31X=X"3X 


n "ia J 


s'^n^iipss* ixas xan 


a"i=3iB dii 


-i"iaini 's=n3n mail) xni ps 


i"a=iX3i p 


n"n=ian lain 


'ii=nim, read 13ns 


3"K=p dS 


t"nta=ntn pn 


lY'itf-in sin 


n"nsi=3»nn nsi "" 


b"x=ib nax, &nb nax, nax 


n"a=am tea 


n"nn=ain3n sin xnn 


U"Xt=31B "isi 


mb , ib max &o. 


n"3=dnn ibsa 


i"n=ni inn, it inn 


a"ni=-ji3Bba lisn ini (prayer) 


n"ab t)"bx=dinbx (in bene- 


i"a=bxna)i i» 


b"n=nib mn, inb nin 


s"is3=nnsi nns ba 


dictions) 


p"ania=p"ana 


b"bn=naiab nib mn 


a"3=bma ina 


n"aX=dbwn nba 13inbx (in 


a"a=Di3n= nana 


a"abn=i3i&a niuab nabn 


if ^|=ittJ3is masna 


benedictions) 


a"aa=dipa baa 


a"n=ibia isn 


3"x=ia3 18 


a"aa=nuna 131a xni3 (in 


x"nan=nax nxn ixa -pn 


a"n3=a"3 


5>"«=iass nx, naas nx, nx 


benediction) 


n"san=iite miana vision 


a"n3=x3ia i«n ia 


lass 


a"aa=i3isa naa 


mxnn 


a"n3=nbman noss 


a"sx=3a bs> nx 


a"3a=d3»a ",ni33 


3"n=ia3 ian 


3"i3=na3i naa 


■22H** 


n"sa=nian tea 
a"sa=mna tea 


a"3n=a"n 
p"nl 


t"3=yst ba 


'iBX=lbiBX 


&"3>3=n& tes 


a"pnr^ p " Sf1 


a"3=dipa bs . 


S"jt=-|l-lS 118, pms "(IX &c. 


S"3=ina xni3(in benediction) 


n"3pn=xin nma loinpn 


S>"3=sab3) ibia 


p"j<=K-ip tax 


x"nB3=nanxn ins xni3 (in 


b"ssi=naib n;ins •jisi 


B"3=iaibB 13 


i"ap8=Tnisa3 iJionp nujx 


benediction) 


n"si=nasn dsi 


i8"3=pffl ba 


1313E1 (in benedictions) 


s"nsa=y:s>n ins xma (in 


iai=naiai=t6c. 


s"b=s3inns ssasib . ' 


n"x=i3n nax, an nax 


benediction) 


s"ni=nas nm 


a"nnb==bbwa dman nn nb 


u)"8=ni&ia inx 
n"x=mpin bx 


3"B31 3"S3=i3Sai 3fl33 13S3 


JV H=dinaist diasni . 


p"nb=ianpn iifflb 
n"nb=snn -jUBb . ' ' 


b"nx=naib isam ax 


3>"B3=1»X3> 13B3 


x"ii=dinais ii!ii 


U5"3b=plB bs sb 


x"a=anx ija 


n"3=ian p, ian na, an na 


r 3i=ibi3i, niVoi=<£c. 


b"b=ibnab . .. . 


i"X3='n nnx TTD (in bene- 


t"anna=pan nana 


n"3i=xain 131 


a"b=sis>aia sb ' 


dictions) 


8}"na=^jisatt5 iana (ian p) 


fsi=m.ns n,v ntot 


*j"ab=p!*n ia dnb (sisian) 


3"3=xnn3 X33 


a"a=iisaU5 ma 


b"i=aiab mat (isroi, d3inst 


(benediction) 


a"a=na na 


x"iua=ainaix ixau: ma 


nsnab) 


n"nab=nam nann nab 



HEBREW OB AEAMAIC ABBBEVIATIONS 



fJUon sVob 


!*"3=*eiintt Xh&lS (gloss) 


i"s=iaii -px, laiai sons 


jt"3aiui=iai< i"aisi 




a"his*>J 


h"3="Oh ias (v. h"3h) 


i"i*p=hii lax xp (lasp) 


h "a »"il hMh ... ^ 




s"i=&oiis &6 


a"3=nSD "(iris 


p"hp=dm)iph iaip 


i"aicir ni ' a 11saiB n 


ttJ"W=l!01» &6, 1311) xb 


11 °M=S111 nV>B3 


n"hp=hiinh nxnp 


y, J,°^J=«Tbp T ooo- 1 


n"b=nii5sn xb 


a"3=h3ia xpss 


a"aiBi=x , '&3a p ",isattj 'i 


V':sa=iaiab wis ij«a 


T'o=-;nsi xpbs 


V'lp^i Xanp 


i"ffi=diai JYOifiiB 




i"»aa=d'P nsaa 


N"1D=S«i»X -pan xpte 


V'ap^i satDa xp (saiaap) 


i"ia=iai iibid 




T'a=iaM ■)&« 


V'D=rii^'iab, mi swas 


u)"p=saii) nsoip 


a"3hiu=iiaia h^hs tehia (in 


!*"ia=iaK m*i isw (ha) 


n"o=hiin ib& 


'i=ai, iai, pi, isai 


benediction) 




n"Ta=hiin mia 


K"9=diV£st *rais,i-Qis, mias 


SVllS 1 ^ '1 , ITSil* "1 


ia"hiD=diiiiah iiia 




a"ha=a"hia 


l"3N3>=haai has nnx is 


i"axi=apsi p usiiia <i 


n"!B=d3h law ■ 




i»"ha=mtah laxba 


3"3>=aa bs>, -za bs» 


3>"a«"t=h">iw p iwist i 


n"ait'=aih icjis 




n"na=nTihh -ja 


T':s>=iai to, iiai is 


s"ii)ai=aiis in) isia-i 


a"is=h3ia saiu 




a"ia=pai saja 


h"s»=^i«rt ds> 


3"i=i!>oia:i pi 


'31I)=1aS«lD 




i»":tia=nai» i&utia, isaia 


M"9=tJlbtt}h vis 


h"n=h3irh toi 


3>"ia = hiias hsiaiu 


(bene- 


ninam 


a"ns=!*ah abv 


h"i=soih an 


dictions) 




a"a=xas>a i{<a 


t"ns=niri dVis 


h"i=i"m 


B"in=hDl1S STUB 




i"n^o=rtaii lain hab 'bira 


i"hs=sm T^ 


i"hi=rinih niiai 


i"BiB=d , 'ai rnaiBii) 




n"ba=hii»n a6 nisa 


a"ms=a"rw 


i"ni=diaih niiui 


s „ tt5 |=iias h^ia 




a"a=dip» tea 


t"nis=t"ns 


p"nii=ii5ipn nil 




n"aa=&i3iiah i3ba "|ba 


t"3>=hii sttos 


t"i=Niit ai 


ffl"ffl=Tiaio lain; 




3"»a=-jii)B3 haa 


l"S=i*p is 


n"i=ii)in taxi 


uj"ia=d-.aiB dis 




s"a=qti)BS na 


B"V9l 


rr-^swsr! 'i 


n"ii) = hbsn saiio 


(bene- 


a"n5a=i!sia ijn »sa 


a .., s j=aro dn ais 


a"i=Tis-ia "i 


diction) 




D"a=iad -in 


5"9=^0 IS 


■»"n=»a3in*i 'n, priv 'i, ■'dii i, 


h"n=a"hn 




s"a=ha55> nisa 


3"s=-|hii3 is, irrvo is &c. 


bxsaitJi '1 


n"n=-pih rtsn 




B"sa=diaia d">u»a 


d"i3S=niiiai.dia3i3 law, 


i"aii=^3i p ■|3m"> pi 


a"hn=dinah n^nn 




n"sa=Tiwi iiasa 


iiais, mias 


b"aii=i^ p sirihi 'i 


n"n = d3h Train, 


•■Tiain 


aj"sa=*3tt} iirsa 


a"3»=Pi3a is 


y'i=**pi mil 


diasn 




ii)"5>a=nai!) aisa 


t"ss=hn smas tjis, iiais 


a"i=iixa 'i 


V'n=iaii Tiain 




h"sia=dibiDh vis 13131 hi»a 


B"S=iB is 


3"i=hiana i, 'jans ai 


h"3r=i3h ias xi3n 




u)"a=u>"2ia 


1D"S = dll) -jUS (glossator's 


s"i=saip3> 'i 


p"n=sap ssn 




U5"a=«ia5 i»a . 


note) 


s"i=x&b ai 


i"n=')3ai isn 




3"siaa=p "ptm ha 


U3"St=nil3 is 


^'i^isam 'i,- misffl ai 


ia"n=saii5 stn 




h"u)a=ish r diffip 


!»"3fc=na!» ais 


x"ai£Ji=iwVi< p iwaio 'i 


n"i»r=h3>ipn d^iaiB 


nsipn 


n"a=hiin ima 


s"s=nns ass 


a"aiDi=!5!!rta3 p iisaia pi 


n"n=hiin Tiain 





a. e.=and elsewhere. 

a. fr.=and frequently.^ 

a. l.=ad locum. 

a. v. fr.=and very frequently. 

Ab.=Aboth (Mishnah). 

Ab. d'E. N.=Aboth d'Eabbi Nathan (a 

late Talmudic treatise). 
Ab. Zar.=Abodah Zarah (Talmud). 
abbrev.=abbreviated or abbreviation. 
add^=additamenta(Hosaf ah to Pesik.E.) 

adv.=adverb. 

Ag.Hatt.=Agadoth hat-Torah (quoted 

in Babbinowicz Varise Lectiones). 
Alf.=Alfasi (Hilkhoth Eabbenu Alfasi). 
Am.=Amos. , ; 



List of Abbreviations. 

Ar.=Arukh (Talmudic Lexicon by E. 
Nathan Eomi). 

Ar. Compl.=Arukh Completum ed. 
Alexander Kohut, Vienna 1878-85. 

Arakh.=Arakhin (Talmud). 

art»=article. 

B. Bath.=BabaBathra (Talmud), v.Kel. 

b. h.=Biblical Hebrew. 

B. Kam.=Baba Kamma (Talmud), v.Kel. 

B..Mets.=Baba M'tsi a (Talmud), v.Kel. 

B. N.=Beth Nathan (quoted in Bab- 
binowicz Varise Lectiones). 

Bab.=Babli (Babylonian Talmud). 

Bart.=Baftenora, Bertinora (com- 
mentary to Mishnah), 

beg.=beginning. 

Beitr.=Beitrage zur Sprach- und Alter- 



thumsforschung, by Michael Sachs, 

Berlin 1852—54, 2 vols, v. Bed. a. 

Hildesh. 
Bekh.=B'khoroth (Talmud). 
Ber.=B'rakhoth (Talmud). 
Berl.= Berliner (editor of Targum 

Onkelos). 
Berl. Beitr.=Berliner Beitrage zur Geo- 

graphie und Bthnographie Baby- 

loniens, Berlin 1884. 
Bets.— Betsah (Talmud). 
B'huck.=B'hukkothay (a pericope). 
Bicc.=Biccurim, Bikkurim (Mishnah 
bot.=bottom of page, [and Tosef ta). 
B'resh.=B'reshith (name of a pericope). 
B'shall.=B'shallah (name of a pericope). 



MST OF ABBREVIATIONS 



Cant.=Canticum (Song of Songs). 
Cant. B.=Canticum Eabbah (Midrash 
Shir hash-Shirim or Hazitha). 



t=Chaldaic. 



ch. 

Ch. 

Chron.=Chronicles, Book of. 

cmp.=compare (mostly referring i 

association of ideas). 
comment.=commentary < 



comp.=compound or composed. 
contr.=contracted or contraction 
contrad.=contradistinguished. 



corr. acc.=correct accordingly. 

corrupt.=corruption. 

Curt. Griech. Etym.=Curtius Griechi- 
sche Etymologie. 

Dan.=Daniel, Book of. 

Darkhe Mish.=Frankel, Hodegetica in 
Mishnam, Leipzig 1859 (Hebrew). 

def.=defining or definition. 

Del.=Delitzsch, Eriedrich. 

Del. Assyr. Handw. = Delitzsch As- 
syrisches Handworterbuch, Leipzig 
1896. 

Del. Proleg. = Delitzsch Prolegomena 
einesneuen Hebraisch-Aramaischen 
Worterbuchs &c. 

Dem.— D'mai (Mishnah, Tosefta a. 

denom.=denominative. [Y'rushalmi). 

Der. Er.=Derekh Erets (Ethics, a late 
Talmudic treatise, Kabbah [the 
great], Zuta [the small]). 

Deut.=Deuteronomy, Book of. 

Deut. B.=Deuteronomy Eabbah (Mi- 
drash Rabbah to Deut.). 

diff. Indifferent interpretation or 

differ.) differently interpreted. 

dimin.=diminutive. 

Du.=Dual. 

ed.=edition or editions (current edi- 
tions, opposed to manuscripts or 
especially quoted editions). 

Ed—Eduyoth (Mishnah and Tosefta). 

ellipt.=elliptically. 

Erub.=Erubin (Talmud). 

esp.=especially. 

Esth.=Esther, Book of. 

Esth. E.= Esther Eabbah (Midrash 
Eabbah to Esther). 

Ex.=Exodus, Book of. 

Ex. R.=Exodus Eabbah (Midrash 
Eabbah to Sh'moth). 

expl.=explained. 

explan.=explanation. 

Ez.=Ezekiel, Book of. 

Fl.=Fleisher, appendix to Levy's Tar- 
gumic or Talmudic Lexicon. 



foreg.=foregoing. 

fr.=from. 

freq.=frequently. 

Fr.=Eriedman (edition). 

Prank.=Erankel, v. Darkhe, and M'bo. 

Gem.=G'mara. 

Gen.=Genesis, Book of. 

gen. of=genitive of. 

Gen. E.c=Genesis Eabbah (Midrash 

Eabbah to B'reshith). 
Ges. H. Dict.=Gesenius Hebrew Dic- 
tionary, 8 th German edition. 
Gitt.=Gittin. 
Gloss.=Glossary. 
Hab.=Habakkuk, Book of. 
Hag.=Haggai, Book of. 
Hag.=Hagigah (Talmud). 
Hall.=Hallah (Mishnah, Tosefta and 

Y'rushalmi). 
Hif.=Hifil. 
Hildesh. Beitr.=Hildesheimer Beitrage 

zur Geographie Palestinas, Berlin 

1886. 
Hithpa.=Hithpael. 
Hithpo.=Hithpolel. 
Hor.=Horayoth (Talmud). 
Hos.=Hosea, Book of. 
Huck.=Hukkath (a pericope). 
Hul].=Hullin (Talmud). 
mtens.=intensive. 
introd.=introduction (Xhrpre). 
Is.=Isaiah, Book of. 
Isp.=Ispeel. 
Ithpa.=Ithpaal. 
Ithpe.=Ithpeel. 
Jer.=Jeremiah, Book of. 
Jon.=Jonah. 
Jos.=Josephus. 
Josh.=Joshua, Book of. 
Jud.=Judices, Book of Judges. 
K.A.T. l=Keilinschriften und das Alte 
KAT ( Testament by Schrader 

(second edition), Giessen 1883. 
Kel.=Kelim (Mishnah and Tosefta, the 

latter divided into Baba Kamma, 

M'tsi a, and Bathra). 
Ker.=K'rithoth (Talmud). 
Keth.=K'thuboth (Talmud). 
Kidd.=Kiddushin (Talmud). 
Kil.=Kilayim (Mishnah, Tosefta and 

Talmud Y'rushalmi). 
Kin.=Kinnim (Mishnah). 
Koh.=Koheleth, Book of Ecclesiastes. 
Koh. Ar. Compl. = Kohut in Aruch 

CompletUm. 
Koh. B.=Koheleth Eabbah (Midrash 

Eabbah to Ecclesiastes). 
1. c.=loco citato or locum citatum. 
Lam.=Lamentations, Book of. 



Lam. R. = Lamentations Eabbah 

(Midrash Eabbah to Lam.; Ekhah 

E'abbathi). 
Lev.=Leviticus, Book of. 
Lev. E.=Leviticus Eabbah (Midrash 

Eabbah to Leviticus, Vayyikra 

Eabbah). 
M.Kat.=Mo e edKaton (Talmud). 
Maas. Sh.=Ma'&ser Sheni (Mishnah, 

Tosefta, and Talmud Y'rushalmi). 
Maasr.=Ma'asroth (Mishnah, Tosefta, 

and Talmud Y'rushalmi). 
Macc.=Maccoth, Makkoth (Talmud). 
Maim.=Maimonides. 
Makhsh.=Makhshirin (Mishnah and 

Tosefta). 
Mal.=Malachi, Book of. 
marg. vers.=marginal version. 
Mass.=Massekheth (Treatise). 
Mat. K.=Matt'noth K'hunnah (com- 
mentary to Midrash Eabbah). 
M'bo=Frankel, Introductio in Talmud 

Hierosolymitanuin. Breslau 1870 

(Hebrew). 
Meg.=M'gillah (Talmud). 
Meil.=M''ilah (Talmud). 
Mekh.=M'khilta(a Midrash to portions 

of Exodus). 
Men.=M'nahoth (Talmud). 
Mic.=Micah, Book of. 
Midd.=Middoth (Mishnah). 
Midr.=Midrash. 

„ Sam.=Midrash Samuel. 

„ Till.=Midrash Tillim (Midrash 

to Psalms, Shoher Tob). 
Mikv.=Mikvaoth (Mishnah and To- 

Mish.=Mishnah. 

„ N. or Nap.=Mishnah , editio Napolis. 

„ Pes.=Mishnah, editio Pesaro. 
Mishp.=Mishpatim (name of a peri- 
Ms.=Manuscript. [cope). 

„ P.=Manuscript Florence. 

„ H.= „ Hamburg. 

„ K.= ;i Karlsruhe. 

„ M.= „ Munich. 

„ 0.= „ Oxford. 

„ E.= „ Borne. 

Mus.=Musafia (additamenta to Arukh). 
Nah.=Nahum, Book of. 
Naz.=Nazir (Talmud). 
Neg.=N'ga'im (Mishnah and Tosefta, 

also a subdivision in Sifra). 
Neh.=Nehemiah, Book of. 
Neub. Geogr.=Neubauer Geographic 

du Talmud, Paris 1868. 
Ned.=N'darim (Talmud). 
Nidd.=Niddah (Talmud). 
Kif.=Nifal. 



xvni 



LIST 01" ABBREVIATIONS 



Nithpa.=Nithpael. 

Num.=Numeri, Book of (Numbers). 

Num. B.=Numeri Babbah (Midrash 

Babbah to Numbers, B'midbar Bab- 

bab). 
0b.=0badiah, Book of. 
0hol.=0h61oth (Ahiloth, Mishnah and 

Tosefta). 
onomatop.=onomatopoetic. 
opin.=opinion. 
opp.=opposed. 
OrWOrlah (Mishnah, Tosefta 

Y'rushalmi). 
oth.=other, another, others. 
P. Sm. = Payne Smith, Thesaurus 

Syriacus. 
Par.=Parah (Mishnah and Tosefta). 
Par.=Parashah, referring to Sifra. 
part.=participle. 
Perl. Et. St.=Perles Etymologische 

Studien, Breslau 1871. 
pers. pron.=personal pronoun. 
Pes.=P'sahim (Talmud). 
Pesik.=P'sikta d'E, Kahana, ed. Buber. 
„ B.=P'sikta Eabbathi (ed.Friedman). 
„ Zutr.=P'sikta Zutrathi, ed. Buber. 
Pfl.=L6 w, Aramaische Pflanzennanien, 

Leipzig 1881. 
phraseol.=pbraseology. 
Pi.=Piel. 






r.=root or radi 

B.=Bab, Babbi 

B. Hash.=Bosh hash-Shanah (Talmud). 

B.S.=BabbenuShimshon (commentary 

to Mishnah). 
Babb. D. S.=Babbinowicz Dikduke 

Sof 'rim (Varise Leotiones &c, Munich 

1867-84). 
Bap.=Bapaport, c Erekh Millin (Tal- 

mudic Cyclopedia, first and only 

volume). 
ref.=referring, reference. 
Buth B.=Buth Babbah (Midrash 

bab to Buth). 
S.=Sophocles, Greek Lexicon of the 

Boman and Byzantine Periods, 

Boston 18.70. 
s.=section (Parashah). 

Sabb.=Sabbath (Talmud). 

Sam.=Samuel, Book of. 

Schr.=Schrader, v. KAT. 

Sef. Yets=Sefer Y'tsirah (Book of 
Creation, a Cabalistic work). 

Shebi.=Sh'biith (Mishnah, Tosefta, and 
T'rushalmi). 

Shebu.=Sh'buoth (Talmud). 

Shek.=Sh'kalim (Mishnah, Tosefta and 
Y'rushalmi,also a pericope inP'sikta). 

Sm. Ant.=Smith, Dictionary of Greek 
and BomanAntiquities,Thif d Ameri- 
can Edition, New- York 1858. 
i'mah.=S'mahoth, Treatise (Abel Bab- 

Snh.=Sanhedrin (Talmud). [bathi). 

Sonc.=Soncino. 

.=Sotah (Talmud). 

sub.=subaudi. 

Succ.=Succah (Talmud). 

suppl.=supplement(Hosafah)toPesikta 
Babbathi. 

Taan.=Taanith (Talmud). 

Talm.=Talmud. 

Tam.=Tamid (Talmud). 

Tanh.=Midrash Tanhuma. 

„ ed. Bub. = Midrash Tanhuma 
(enlarged), edited, from manuscripts, 
by Buber, Wilna 1885. 



pr. n.=proper noun. 
pr.n.f.=proper noun of a female person, 
pr. n. m.=proper noun of a male person, 
pr. n. pl.=proper noun of a place. 
preced.=preceding. 

„ art.=preceding article. 

„ w.= „ word. 

prep.=preposition. 
prob.=probably. 
pron.=pronoun. 
prop.=properly. 
prov.=a proverb. 
Prov.=Proverbs, Book of. 
Ps.=Psalms, Book of. 
q. v.=quod vide. 

By the designation (Talmud) are meant Mishnah, Tosefta and G'mara of Talmud Babli and, eventually, 
Talmud Y'rushalmi. By (Mishnah and Tosefta) or (Mishnah, Tosefta,. and Y'rushalmi) is meant a Talmudic treatise in 
the collection of Mishnah &c, to which no discussions in either G'mara or respectively in the Babylonian are extant. 



Targ.=Targum. 

„ 0.=Targum Onkelos. 
„ Y.= „ Y'rushalmi (or Jo- 
nathan). 

Targ. II=Targum Sheni (to Esther). 

Tem.=T'murah (Talmud). 

Ter.=T'rumoth (Mishnah, Tosefta and 
Y'rushalmi). 

Toh.=Toharoth (Mishnah and. Tosefta). 

Tosaf.=Tosafoth (Additamenta to Tal- 
mud Babli). 

Tosef.=Tosefta. 

„ ed.Zuck.=Tosefta editio Zucker- 
mandel, Pasewalk 1881. 

Treat.=Treatise(tractatus,Massekheth, 
one of the appendices to Talmud 
Babli). 

Trnsf.=Transferred. 

trnsp.=transposed or transposition. 

Ukts.^Uktsin (Mishnah and Tosefta). 

usu.=usually. 

Var.=Variant. 

var. lect.=variatio lectionis. 

Ven.=Venice. 

Vien.=Vienna. 

Wil.=WiIna. 
words. 

Y.=Y'rushalmi (Palestinean Talmud). 

Yad.=Yadayim (Mishnah and Tosefta). 

Yalk.=Yalkut (Collectanea from Tal- 
mudim, Midrashim &c). 

Yeb.=Y'bamoth (Talmud). 

Y'iamd.=Y'lamdenu (a lost book, cor- 
responding to Tanhuma, quoted in 
Arukb). 

Zab.=Zabim (Mishnah and Tosefta). 

Zakh.=Zakhor (a pericope in P'sikta). 

Zeb.=Z'bahim (Talmud). 

Zech.=Zeehariah, Book of. 
Zephaniah, Book of. 

Zuck.=Zuckermandel, v. Tosef. 

Zuckerm.=Zuckermann Talmudische 
Miinzen und Gewichte, Breslau 1862. 



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ETANA 

Eleaunit TooIj -and Anciern Hut Euurn Anhmi 



'tf 



sS Aleph, the first letter of the alphabet, interchanging 
with other gutturals, e. g. aax, aan, aan, ais-; ttt-rtx, 
xrrt>5! &c, 

IS often used to form second roots of verbs $"$, e. g. 
Btss, baa. ..-.„.. 

X' frequ. prosthetic, e. g. .VrttS, Vim, v. "X. 

sS sometimes inserted to replace a radical, as X5xa=: 
sua, esp. in verbs 1"S, as T^itt fr. Tp, t^p fr. tap &o. 

IS frequ. (in Talm. Y.) dropped in the beginning of 
words, e. g. X3=xax ; "ia=*iaX. 

IS affixed to the end of Chald. nouns, corresponding 
to prefixed t\ in Hebrew (status emphaticus), e. g. X3X= 

axn. 

IS as numeral letter, one, as 'X fYlK = Infix WW one 
letter: Sabb. 104 a ; a.fr. [Editions and Mss. vary, accord- 
ing to space, between the full numeral and the numeral 
letter, 'x for inx, nrn*; 'a for tnv, tmto, ^nuj &c] 

"IS, ""^SS,""^;' "IS &c. a prefix, 1) for the forma- 
tion 'of nouns in Kal, Peel, Afel (Hifil) &c, e. g. 
XpBOX, 't^X, iTjaSS, XW1B?X &c; 2) demonstrative, e. g. 
tfi"W=h. Wflrt; XSX, Xi'ix &c— 3) euphonic (prosthetic) 
Xa'lX^Xa*; S-|iX=h. ttj; &c, esp. before foreign words 
beginning with two consonants, e. g. SiJiE'lDOX, 'DiX= 
BijiBIBb &c , . • r " • . ' 

"&t a prefix (followed by Dagesh Forte)=!=S upon, 
over, e. g. X^HX = X^a'te; even before gutturals, e. g. 
x;axx. 

^SS^plur. of &/'^X q. y. ; 

j ""DS^IS, a fictitious word made up of each third 
letter in ^OnSV Vpl-i X3s X3a (Dan. V, 25). Snh. 22 a j 
Cant. K. to. Ill, 4 '31 &".li"iaa the inscription on the wall 
was, so arranged as to form words composed of its every 
first, every second and every third letter respectively. 

arm y.sw. 

™ JSS> ™2N a prefix of words of Greek origin answer- 
ing to a,u-, aii-j e. g. bl:ialBax=aoT6|j.aT0s; or to eu, e. g. 
d13' 1 Jax=s»Yevrjs. 



• 3SSI (Assyr. A-bu, Schr. K. A. T., p. 247) Ab, the 
fifth month of the Jewish calendar (of thirty days) be- 
ginning between the eighth of July and the seventh of 
August, and ending between the sixth of August and the 
fifth of September. E. Hash. I, 3, '=1 OX bs for an- 
nouncing the beginning of Ab messengers are sent out, 
for the sake of the fast. lb. 18 b axa 'a the ninth of Ab, 
anniversary of Temple destruction. Taan.IV, 6 ax &533li5a 
with the beginning of Ah. lb. 29 b axa mna Bianffihb let 
him try to berelievedof(thelaw-suit)inAb. Meg.5 b ; a.e. 

3SSII m. (b. h.; fiax, cmp. dX), const. Tax, as* [em- 
bracer], father, ancestor, progenitor; teacher; chief, 
leader; author, originator. Ex. E. s, 46 end ax Vi5an 
the educator is the real father. Lev. E. s. 1 '31 fiaafin "OX, 
the father of all wisdom, . . the father of prophets. T. 
Ned. V, 39*>; a. fr.—)"**! tYO ax (abbr. i"ax) president 
of the Court (Great Sanhedrin), next in dignity to the 
Nassi. Taan. II, 1; a. fr.— Metaph. origin, cause. Num. 
E. s. 10 (play on ^iax, Prov. XXIII, 29) "nx 'X the 
cause of woe (sin).— IrOXba ax (for which also npiS) 
one of the chief labors forbidden on the Sabbath, opp. 
1fbV\ a labor the prohibition of which is based on the 
ground of its being a species of the former, or derived 
from the former. Sabb. VII, 1 sq.; a. fr. — [T. Sabb. 
II, 5 a , rib® ax, sub. naxba.]— nxaian ax one of the 
original or direct causes of levitical uncleanness, opp. 
iVi (child) secondary cause. Toh. I, 5 ; a. fr.— ptift 'X 
v. PL — 'X /pa creation of a class, i. e. a conclusion, by 
analogy, from a case explicitly stated in the bibl. law on 
all similar cases not specified in detail. Sifra introd.— 
lb. K'doshim, end, ch. 11 (ref. to Lev. -XX,' 27) 'X 'a ill 
da dSTTQl hdb this forms the rule for all cases in 
Which the Bible uses the word d'mehem bam (that the 
penalty is stoning to death) ; a. fr. ; v. also ax rf^a. — 
P£.-niax, const, fiiax, 1) fathers, ancestors, patriarchs &c. 
Ber. 26 b prayers MSpJI 'X have been instituted by the 
Patriarchs; a. fr.— p">1 TO max, v. supra. Hag. II, 2. 
— 'X tQ a woman of noble descent. Num. E. s. 1 ; a. e. 
—Metaph. principal, chief rvoxba 'jrt, v. supra. WiBfi 'X 
Kel. I, 1 ; v. supra.— 'pp^W 'X (sing. pMtt ax) the chief 
actionable injuries or damages, from which the subord- 
inate , are deduced (nttem). B. Kam. I, 1; a. e.— 
2) Aboth, the first section of the Prater of Benedictions 
(v. tfsSP), so called because it alludes to the Patriarchs. 



38 



15* 



B. Hash. IV, 5 ; a. fi\— 3) Aboth, name of a treatise of 
the Mishnah, containing sayings of Talmudic authorities 
and belonging to the fourth section, pP h T5, of the Mish- 
nah collection (WMDa); also styled 'X 1)3*16 a. 'X fOOa.' 
A similar collection of a later date is contained in Talmud 
Babli editions, named )TQ tiTt 'X Aboth d'Rabbi Nathan. 
[Y. Yoma VIII, 44 d top BS3 WQ 3X v. nT>3X.] 

axn«h.,T. xax.. 

DSSt, IPit falM) m. (b. h.; 33X) swe«%, spread 
iVi#, whence 1) the young shoots of a tree, opp. to the 
branches growing directly from the trunk. B. Kam. 81 a 
"l^X b-ii ia^X ed. (Ar. a. Ms. ISin, v. am II, cmp. Eashi 
a. 1.). [Y. Erub. Ill, 21 a top la^X; Y. Succ. II, 53" ITS.] 
—2) pi. /pax, pa 11 !!*; sfafe of growth, development. Hull. 
58 a eascuta which became- wormy rpaxa during its 
growth. lb. 127 b figs which shrunk irpaxa during devel- 
opment. Y. Sabb.- VII, 10° bot. he who presses olives 
VTSXa from where they grow (before they are ripe to 
be taken off). [Tosef. Maasr. I, 4 diatlX pa^X, Var. 
p31X, read p51X, v. Six.] lb. 5 they differ p3^xn 1=5> 
concerning the plants in their growing state (between 
ripening [laJ] and. blossoming [y3S"i]; Var. pilx incorr.) ; 
cmp. p\ Ch.. v. xa^X I. 

fcOsttl, n&J ch.=h. ax II. Targ. Gen. XVII, 4. Targ. 
0. ib. XLI, 43; T a. fr.— Freq. X3X (also in.Hebr. phraseol.) 
my father. Snh. Ill, 2. B. Bath IX, 3 ; a. fr. Meg. 12b 
.'XI i-wninx my father's steward. 'X iax my grand- 
father. Ber. 10 3 bot.— Snh. 113 a bot. Trbxt 'X father 
Elijah (sarcastically).—-'! niax, "1 iPx N.'s father. Ber. 
1 81 ; Y. B. Mets. IV, 9 C top ; a. fr.— 36 'X, rial 'X grandfather. 
Targ. II, Esth. VII, 10. Yeb. 2l\— Trnsf. origin, source. 
Sabb. 22 a D1 pnilSI pniax the source of all analogous 
cases is the law about -blood (that you must cover it 
from a sense of propriety).— PI. }ra&, Xprox Targ. Y. 
Deut; XXIV, 16. Targ. IChr. I, 2; T a T .fr. Men! 53 a 'X 13 
of distinguished birth.— Kid. 83 a ; a. fr.— [max Targ. 
Prov. XIX, 14. Ms.; read with ed. Wil. mast; oth. ed. 
inax corr. ace] 

; fr&NlI, ffrSS! (xa, XII, mi in Y.) pr. n. m. Abba, 
(Ba, Va), a frequent name. [Sometimes distinguished 
persons go by that name, being orig. a title (v. next w.) while 
their real names are dropped; v. esp. Ber. 18 b 'x XW3 
I want A.bba &c] The most distinguished are 1) XSi*iX 'X, 
v. ai.— 2) 'x ai' v. xa 1 !.— 3) max ia 'x (xa ia) Abba 

bar Abbahu (Ba), father of Samuel, an Amora.— 4) 13 y X 

xsirt ai, in Bab. nai q. v.— 5) -na 'x, contr. i-iaax Abba 
Mari, an Amora.— pax, XitlX, contr. with "1 into pal, 
xjpai Rabbin, Bdbbina. 

&GN III, Abba (father), a title of Scholars (less than 
Eabbi), as Abba Saul, A. Yudan, etc.; cmp. foreg. 

ItfSN! m. (33X) 1) thicket, woods, grove. M. Kat. 12 b 
JfisblBa 'X a forest in Sh'lanya. Keth. 79 a , v. Xpttlt. Snh. 

39 b (prov.) son nia (Vt^) Vm 'x n^ai nwo (Ag. Hatt. 

XS133, v. Eabb. D. S. a. 1. note) from the very woods 
shall it go into the hatchet (as a handle to strike tbe 
woods).— 2) fruit, v. X3\X. 



rrvtia& rrnsN, rn:?S2, n^nns>, rrnsn? 

(reduplic. of 3X, as, IS ; ' v. TPys) prop, swelling, heaviness 
(cmp. 3X3), hence disorder of the stomach, vomiting 
(spasms); usu. in connection with nan, fever with vom- 
iting. Gen. B. s. 19 did you ever hear, this ass here 
that is driven out rri>S ni33X il^H nan Ar. (ed. corrup. 
"rts d^san naa rVs 'fi3iS) has fever, has vomiting 

(spasms)? ib. s. 53 n^sxsxi nan. v. npxsx. 

D^frOStf, read &iaX3X, 

ND^XDX f. (fflX3) o fence, displeasure. Targ. 
Koh. VII, 3 T . ' " 

^DStf (b. h.; ]AaX, cmp. 3S, an, 35, 3S, 3p &c, v. 
33ni a. II; to be thick, to be heavy, to press; to sur- 
round; to twist; to be warm, glow etc. V. 13X, !sax, 
pax, lax, &ax, nax&c.) to be thick, to swell, break forth; 
v. aan a. 3an. 

ZIDIS ch. same, to grow, ripen. Targ. Hos. IX, 10 

xaaxa q. v. - ■ • 

JOSa, v.'a^x. 

bij^ns, oTOix, o^fiN «. ( CO rr.^- 

Euysv^?) of'notye descent Koh. B.'b'eg.; a. fr. (Midr. 
Till, to Ps. I twax; Caut. B. beg. SlB-WlSt, corr. ace). 
— PI. Yalk. Ps. 863 P&5S.1X Xina (read 'X p) he is the 
son of nobles; Midr. Till.' to Ps. CV p&ILp (corr. ace.) 

*'E3p" l D53H (read ''Bap— ), 'iBXab^JllX m. pi. (euys- 
yeaTocTOi) most noble. Buth B. to I, 2. Midr. Sam. ch. I. 

n^D^w^, v. 'MX. 

"Q!tf (b. h. ; jAax, v. 33X) to be pressed, go around in 
despair ' (v. Prov. XXXI, 6; Deut. XXVI, 6). to be given 
up, whence 1) to be lost, perish; to be beyond recognition. 
Sifre Deut. 301 (ref. to Deut. XXVI, 5) X^X . . . W xb 
laix'b (read laft or liaxb; Yalk. Deut. a. 1. d13X^> prob. 
•^3X5); Ms. Zer. Abr. 3 13X1^) Jacob went to Aram with 
no hope but to perish (be a slave &c). Ohol. XVII, 3 
a field lap la 'xU5 in which there is a grave that can- 
not be located. Keth. XIII, 7 'si "11 n'jax the path 
to his field. cannot be traced. Gen. B. s. 91 lib 'x IWQ8 
we have lost something; a. fr.— 2) to lose. Ib. 15X1 
"o "i iiS^SXC and we who have lost (mourn for) B. S. ; 
a. fr.— Part. pass. 113X lost, irretrievable, perishing, de- 
cayed. Keth. 108 a 'xn }$ on a contribution to the 
Temple which has been lost on the roaA. Y. Shebi. 
IX, 38 d top plOX in^n^SW they perish of themselves 
(they decay naturally); a. fr. 

Nif. laxi to be lost, perish. Keth. 104 a ; a. fr. Sifre 
Deut. 301 'rax^, v. supra. 

Pi. laix 1) to waste, lose, forfeit, destroy. Ned; 33 b 
l h rilSa nx h X he wasted his money, (cannot reclaim it). 
Keth. XIII, 6 -WO! nx 'iX he forfeited his : claim. Ab. 
Zar. 55 a 'SI 43X5 1iX shall we give up our honest deal- 
ing? Ib. IV, 7 lablS tax 1 ! shall He destroy His world? 



"pa 



Hag- 3 a iJao CTiasb DhtBpai and you wanted to deprive 
me of it? lb. 4 a 'si 138«n IT! one who: destroys, -what 
is given to him.— wHb loss '8 to commit, suicide wil- 
fully. Gen. B. s. 82; a, fr. — 2) to drop from memory, 
to forget., Aboth V, 12; a. e. 

"DlS!, "D!$ ch. . to, be lost. Targ. I Sam. IX, 3; 
a. fr.— inn. .111"".; a. fr.— Y. Pes. IX, 37* 8ttr 11383 it is 
to be looked upon as lost. 
. Pa. 128 to destroy. Targ. II Kings, XIX, 18; a. fr. 

4/". 1318, 11318 l)=Pa. Targ. Deut. XXVI, 5; a. fr. 
— -Y. Kid. Ill, 64 c bot. '31 "pin XM318 thou hast ruined 
this man's (my) life. Gen. B. s. 56 -piV ni318 thou 
hast lost thy wits; -a. fr.— 2) to be lost, to go to ruin. 
Targ. Ps. XLI, 6; a. e.— Y. Hag. II, 77 b "palol ill alas 
for the lost (deceased)! Y. M.Kat. I, beg. 80 a fOlil and 
decay. 

I%ff. 138M* to be lost. Lev. E. s. 34 ■plSKtia if they 
should be lost'.— 1i3Fm=1i38r\o Pes.5 b ; a.e. [Lam. B., to 
IV, 21 813^, read SiaSisV v. 13S.] 

*0&!$ m. perishable, irretrievable, ;/ 8ii 131 a business 
which cannot be postponed without irretrievable loss. 
M. Kat. ll a ; a. fr. 

J^FDN m. (138) destruction. Targ. Prov. XXVIII, 28. 

; n™,v.'% • 

iKDI^ni* pr. n. m, v. biai138. .. / 

aarraji, irwnis; v. my™*. 

: . W3N, v.bioiias. '.■■•'.■■■■• 

^"i^SS m. (b.h. ; 138) perdition, hell. Koh. E. to V, 8. 

Dip'f'pN pr. n. m. (EStaxot) Ebdocus (Eutocus). 
Y. Meg. Ill, 74 a bot. rendered in a secret political letter 
lV> 'aia Good- Child. (Ed. nip—, '*pp— corr. ace.) 

XM, v. next w. -••■ 

. (D*])Q' ! ' : T3ltf pr. n. m. (EuSttjjxoi;) Ebdimos, Eudemus. 
Y. Keth. XI, 34''; mostly abbrev. 801138, iail.38 (cor- 
rupt. iall3St, 801138, i»1138), name of several Amoraim, 
the most prominent : Eb. of Zepphoris. Y. Ber. IV, 8 a ; 
a. fr. [V. Frankel Mebo, s. v.] V. Sioilll. 

-lnV=in»..h., Wftaa ch.,'f. HtiVian; bia) 
1) the act of distinguishing; separation. Y. Ber. VIII, 
J2 e top 1811 ',8 real separation. — 2) Habdaldh, a formula 
of prayer for the exit of the Sabbath or Holy Days. 
Ibid. beg. II 4 . Pes. 113 a ; a. fr.— PL rvftl38. Y. Ber. 
• V.9 b bot. '8 hsattS seven objects of distinction (mentioned 
in the Habdalah). 

I^^tf pr. n. m. Abdcrn (contr. of 'jIli 838) , an 
Amora' of the first gener. Y. Ber. IV, 7 C bot. (cmp.Gen. 
"B, s. 10). Ber. 27 b Ms. M. (ed. " ( 1i38); a, e. . 

I^DN, l^l^.-m. (b. h. -,138, 138) ruin, destruc- 
tion. Y. Dem. VII, 26 a bot. litolRlK waste of eatables; 



smaa, «3T3i« c 



ae. Targ. Prov. XXVII, 



aiTQN, v. '138.. 

Kith**, y. 8W138. 

' T!Si< pr. n. m. Abbah; father of Samuel; v. 838 II. 

nit, v. 138. 

inS5^ pr. n. m. Abbahu, name of two Palestine 
Amoraim, one prob. of the first gener. , Y. Ber. V, 8 (i bot ; 
Y. Bice. II, 64 d top ; the second a celebrated disciple of 
B. Yohannan, residing in Csesarea. Y.Ber.II,4 b top. Succ. 
48 b ; a. fr.— Babylonian Amoraim by that name. Sabb. 
1191'; Kid. 33 b , father of Eabbah, v. HS1. B. Kam.417 b , 
contemp. of B. Ashfe, v. H2J8. 

• .o^ma, omnia y. Ki i. m, 3 i« Ar. (e d. 

bDfi38, read &i»308 q. v. or &ia2isi8 (lif Juop4TT)4) stal- 
lion ass for mares. 

. NrirQss; P i. of 838. 
NfimK, v.8isoo: 

1*8, 15PK CW$) pr. n. m. Ibbu (Aibu), all 
prob. forms of the same name, an Amora. Snh. 5 a 138Ar. 
ed: pr. (ed. '18, Ms. M. 'H8). Succ. 44 b 118. Buth E., 
Par. 2, beg. 18 131. Num. B. s. 12. Y. Succ. II, 53* bot.; 
Pes. 4 a , a. fr. 118. [138 name of a bird, v. 1318]. 

. SlilN ^^JS m. (='358, 33S to be hollow; cmp. 
3131) reed, flute; pipe, tube. Arakh. II, 3 rap is '8 a 
reed flute, msifiikj '8 brass flute. KeK II, 3; Men.'X, 4 
di8bp S>1» '8 Ar. (ed. W^p) an iron tube for roasting 
grain.— fisil '8 (Var. H813138, n811313X) shepherd's flute, 
name of a plant (Eupatorium) used for medicinal pur- 
poses ; v. 8iia»in. Sabb.XIV,3 ; ib. 109 b ; Y. ib. XIV, 14 c . 

y&lt, #y{2£i ch. same. Yoma 20 b (prov.) 
'21 iltib '8 a flute is musical to nobles — give it to wea- 
vers, they will not accept it (fools criticise where sages 
admire). Succ. 50 b — PI. 113138. Targ. Jerem. XLVIII, 
36; a. fr. - 

• njnsiaN, n^'haiax-nyi-) yis&- v . 

foreg. h. ' ■ ' • 

DHD^S^ pr. n. m. (=3138 138); '8 13 Bar Ab- 
bub'ranl Hull. 38 a . 

■ TGN, v. 11318. 

7ns,Y.i«K, 

mm .W^SlKpr. n. m. Abbud'yana, a 
gentile name (referring to idolatry). Git. 11*. 

jtfaTQSj, •vrrai*, v^m ' ■ 
«ji'in3», "'pjTnax, v . ^m. 

•.*;J ! t?5< m. (emp. 0138; ?38, ]/"38) Euphem. for but- 
tocks, extremity. Erub. 53 b ; v. 1138. 



oitflffnaaa 



"'"QSS! m. (b. h.; interj.^X) woe!. ah! Num. B, s, 10 
(ref. toProv. XXIII, 29) 'Xffl ^Xii the woe and the ah. 

n^Os^ pr. n. m. Abuyah, known as the father of 
Elisha, v.~St!rtx. Y. Hag. II, 77 b ; a. fr. 

"pTQtf Y. Sabb. V, 8 b hot. Ar., read fax or 'p'm. 

J^iLlA I mourning, v. bia^B*. 

bt38 II bllSTSl m. (tai, cmp. »«';) </*e £afe /br 
carrying grain into the house, wagon-gate, gate-way. 
PL d^iax, '3^. Tosef. B. Mets. XI, 10 nx 'ppbTi "px 
'31 'ix ed. Zuck. (ed. fax!"!) you dare not' divide gate- 
ways between heirs unless there is the required space 
for each. 

JO'filtf, fct^lZPSl oh. same, esp. (corresp. to h. 
*VSrt X13a) city gate-way which is opened for wagons &c. ; 
fortified place where judges sit&c; cmp. 1?tt?.— M. Kat. 
22 a begin to count the days of mourning 'XI X335 from 
the time ye turn your faces from the city gate-way (to 
go home while the corpse is carried to the grave-yard). 
Keth. 17 a ; Meg. 29 a when people form a lane 'iSl 'Xa 
teerti from the city gate-way to the burial place. [Ar. 
house of mourning, v. b*l3XI.] B. Batli. 58 a hot. there 
was written 'X.1 X33X Ms. M. (ed. incorr. 'X3) over the 
gate of the town entrance (where court- was held). — 
PL "^ax. Erub. 6 b ." loma 11». Targ. Y. Deut. XXYIII, 
52 p^'OX (ed.' Vien. 6l3X). Targ. Jer. L, 26 Xf-feiX 
(h. text i-pb3Xa; y.Pesh. a. 1.). 

^Np'lSltf m. pi. (v. foreg.) city-gate-guards, police. 
Nid. 67 b 'X dlUJa on account of the rude conduct of &c. 
[Bashi=^iaK dangerous, cavern-like entrances to the 
bath-house.] 

"■TOit; B. Bath 143 a , -&13XX read with Ms. M. 

•wib&m ^Vax, v. ^an. ■ 

pbm v. r^. ■ • 

"jlSlX ("j" 1 ^) pr. n. m. 4JJw», an Amora. Y. Pes. 

IV, beg. 30 cd Cjiax 'i diaa 6x 'i; ')» '"i aaa 'X "1); Y. 
Taan. I, 64 c . Y. Shebu. VI, 37 a bot — V. )*&. , 

N312N") Jl^ttN, pr. n. m. Abuna, an Amora. Y. 
Sheb£ II, "33 d ; a. fr." 

"nxrntk,. v. ™ m 

DW, D1S2% (&^?) m.(b. h. 'ax; bax) 

1) feeding receptacle, bowl for working men; manger. 
Ned. IV, 4.— Sabb. 140 b ^3 iffl "W (Rashi 'ax) a real 
manger, opp. Splp hti 'iX a piece of ground fenced in 
and used as manger.— 2) stall, stable. Y. Shebu. VII, 
37 d top; VIII, beg. 38\' [Y. Xer. I, 40 b Wax read M3X 
or di3X.]— PI. trt?iax. Y. Snh. 63 b l^Wax their stables, 

V. MB^X. 

stf|^DSS! vr,n.m.Abuka. Yalk. Lam. 100.1, v. fi^ax. 

(Ip^lS f. (pax, cmp. "j.ax, pari; v. Sachs Beitr. I, 
p. 62 J Nahm. to Gen. XXXII, 25) [bundle of twigs], 



torch (with, or without 11X bffl). Sot. 21 s 'X lis .1501(3 
HX hii a burning torch happened to come in his pos- 
session. Ber. 43 b DW3 'X walking by torchlight is equal 
to two walking together (as regards protection from 
night-spirits).— PI rripiax. Tosef. Succ. IV, 2 were 
dancing before them 'xa with torches. lb. 4 'X MSlQlBa 
TX bti; Succ. 53 a 11X y>l» 'X 'ft; Y. ib. V, 55? top V© 'X 
3!T! (corr. ace. or read m ?); Mish. ib. T, 4. 

, **0;nm XWIZlX (Ar.) m. Hftp^aax q. 

v.; a Babyl. corrupt. 'of an imported Palestinean phrase) 
bed-cover, ticking (involucrum). PI. iJf^ax, '!)13X. Erub. 
62 a 'XI ipltilas hx^ia a lease of a court yard is called 
sound (legal and not merely a legal fiction), if connected 
with the privilege of placing in the yard chairs and seats, 
[Bashi, cmp. Mishnah ; — ">pllrTra, obviously a corruption for 
ipiniS or "npsrttt, cmp. yplraS..— Other explanations of 
our w., suggested by ipl.lia, y. s. v. 'ilia.] 

^m v. wW . ' , 

flRpN (^D^ HRn^) f. (po) breaking, 
crumbling, corrosion, whence 1) a foot-disease in an- 
imals believed to arise from vermin in consequence of 
a stroke of lightning; 2) moth-eaten condition, of gar- 
ments. B. Mets. 78 b (expl. tUp^On Mish.) npWX (Rashi 
XpT3X, Ms. M. piax, corr. t for 1; cmp. Y. ib. VI, ll a 
top. s. v. pta) atrophy or paralysis of the feet. Ib. 
'31 TiViaa 'X the moths are in the royal wardrobe. 

N"lDNi, fcnrSN m. (Arab.bazr, abzar, v. 113, ITS) 
anything used for seasoning, spices &c— Kg. pi. ^jax, 
"Ipax requisites, appurtenances. Snh. 74 b , tal WX 
WIOX they (the commands) and all appertaining 
thereto. Men. 73 b X11TOX ^51 rtlS Ar. a. Eashi to Snh. 
1. c. (ed. SttVfan corr. ace.) the burnt-offering and &c. 

DDTON, v. bioaax a. bUfiax. 
^Q3N, v. ^ax. T ' 

X10D!S[ m. (Ba ; cmp. B13, ^13, BB3 a. deriv.) belly, 
whence leather wine-bag. Ab. Zar. 34 b is^ul 'X (Ar. 
XB3X) the travellers' wine -bag. [Y. Yeb. IV, 5 d , v. 

xbbx.] [nixaax, v. ^tsax.] 

bib-rona, &>^m«, v. next w. - ■ 

DlabilD^^ P^ n. m. (prob. IlxoXs^atos, or Euitxo- 
Xsf».oc=Euit6XE|i.04) Abtolmos. Erub. Ill, 4 (35 a ) ed. (Ms. 
M. bilaax). Ib. 36 a ; Y. ib. 21 a bot. b^aax (v. Babb. 
D. S. Erub. 1. c, notes). Ex. B. s. 21 b^imx (b*D3X). 
— M.Kat. 18 a blB^ax (prob. abbrev. of our w.), surnamed 
nxiSb (v. Babb. D.S. a. 1.), an Amora. 

&1l3^ipn^ m. (av>T<VaT04) 'self-moving, self- 
growing, spontaneous. Midr. Till, to Ps. I, 5 'X b^iaixrt 
bten Xlrt Mus. (ed. WaalB, corr. ace.) who say the 
universe is a self-moving power (has no creator). [Better : 
■pDsrittax (auT:6|j.ai;ov, S.) chance.'] 



rwraiaa 



BIT^S! 



m^TiOIl^ f. pi. (=r*ai3iaax; auxovojua; v. Sm. 
Ant. s. v. Aiitonomi) cities enjoying their own laws, 
jurisdictions. Y. Meg. I, 70 a bot. 'X "TO (read Tm). Y. 
B. Bath. Ill, 14 a top 'aa3X; Bekh. 55* SllX^aax TO 
(corr. ace, Ar. niX^B3X, rvnboSK). [Omp. corruptions 
of DiaiiTOX.] 

nuai«, v.nasii. 

nntan&=hrmsn. - 

" l l3S!S Tosef. Ohol. XIII, 3 (ed. Zuck. "IBS!*) v. ITJ3II. 

"•0^, v. «. 

^JHSHN, Var. fiin Sifre Deut. 80 (v. ed. Friedm. 
a. 1. note 3), read XJla (toga) or XS'Qia (T7](3evva) 
Roman toga. 

*N3i" 1 t05N rn- (oirxftov, optio; Perl. Et. St. p. 103; 
D. C.Lat. s.' v.) commissary, quartermaster in the Roman 
army. Y. Sabb. VI, 8 C bot. '31 'X JOTS a Boman quarterm. 
came and made him stand behind him (in the public 

iTtSQX m. (b. h."; n»3, j/aa to swell; cmp. xaax) 
melon. Maasr. I, 5.— P£ WB5S. Ib. 4 ; a. fr. 

MtTTSDN ch. same.— PI. X*rr>a3X, THitfiX. Targ. 0. 
Num/xi, 5.~Y. Snh. VII, end.W. 

■ rnabiEM*, v. ™^*. 

&i5' r EQNj abbr. of biaMasx. 

D3" I 'P!3N pr. n. m. Abtinas. 'X rt>a Beth. AM., name 
of a priestly family who had the secret for preparing 
the frank-incense for the Temple. Yoma III, 11; 
I, 5 ; a. e. 

!"l3t2iitf. (=s-fcaasi; Vaa) idleness, waste. Y. Bets. 
V, 63 bT 'X 5i» 13 a light burning to no purpose. Y. Shebi. 
VII, 37 c top 'Xil by for the loss of time. • 

IYvHSX pr. n. m. Abtalion (Greco-Romanized by 
Josephus 'IIoXXhov, Pollio), name of a Chief Justice of 
the Sanhedrial court in the days of Hyrcan II and of 
Herod. Aboth I, 10; 11. Eduyoth I, 3. Yoma 71 b ; a. e. 

DTDm&Vv. Wiiaax. 

"jcs, fOcs (h. !i3X, KSS to press, surround, em- 
brace, v. 33X; cmp. !i1X, ffirt) to be willing. Targ. O. 
Deut. XXV, T 7; a. fr.— [Targ. T Prov. XXIX, 11, ed. Vfil. 
haxa, read fiaxa, v. "|Xa.] 

^ON, v. hm 

j"jsS m. (b. h.; 33X) early stage of ripening, esp. 
of grains; season of beginning barley-crop; also the 
offering of the first fruits (on Passover). . E. Hash. 2l a 
(ref. to Deut. XVI, 1) '31 'X. Iiatt} observe the ripening 
of the equinoctial season that it be in the month of 
Nissan (r\ile for intercalation). Men. 84 a ; a. fr. . 



yq$, uqi^j (3*sa, an^aa) h. same. 

Targ. 'oT-Lev. II, 'l4; Ex. XIII, 4; a. e'.— Snh. ll b ; Y. 
ib. I, 18 d top '31 'XI HivPt the season of ripening has 
not yet come. [Y. Maasr. V, 52 a J&i&l xai3X, read 
xsisix.] — PI. (adj.) -pa/a*, '">3X. Targ. 0. Ex. IX, 31 
(ed. Berl. sing.). 

HTDSS), /"P3N f.(b.h. max; isx) i)totf ormissea! 
oftjerf. 'X lalffl the keeper of a lost object waiting for its' 
owner to claim it B. Mets. 29 a ; a. fr.— 'X bS3 the owner 
of the lost thing.Kid.2 b '31 Ttfia 'X bsa the owner hunts 
for what he has lost, i. e. man woos woman (allud. to 
Gen. II, 21); a. fr.— M. Kat. 25 b 'nb xVl-d^aixb 13a 
Ms. M. (ed. D^ax^ 13a) weep for the. losers, but not for 
the lost (deceased). — 2) loss, decrease. tUSi Oliax de- 
crease of physical strength. Yoma 74 b .— (Y. ib. VIII, 
44 d top rva ax read m-ox). 

^TIX m. (13X; cacophemism for X15S11 q.v.), 'X ^3 
=11S11 ia) prop, their place of ruin, cacophemism for 
meeting-place, gathering for idolatrous purposes and per- 
formances connected with idolatrous feasts (games , &c.) 
which the Jews, under Hadrian, were forced to attend. 
Sabb. 152a. Ab. Zar. 17 b . — Transf. meeting place of 
early Christians where religious controversies used to 
be held. Sabb, 116 a 'X "31 "'ISb Christian writings. 
Ib. '31 iilit xb 31 Eab would not attend a Be-Abedan, 
Samuel would. 

&0")TD1S! pr. n. m. Abidarna, gentile friend of E. 
YudaT Ab. Zar. 65 a top. [Ms. M. XllSiaX, Var. xail i3X; 
v. Eabb. D. S. a. 1.] 

S?)T!l!S! f. ch.=h. rtTOX. Targ. Ex. XXII, 8; a. e. 
B. Mets. 23 a ; 27 b ; 28 b . 

m&, K"0«, v. x^max a. x;ax. 

1"Qltf, 'X 13 pr. n. m. (Bar) Abyu, name of a 
renowned obituary poet. Yeb. 103 a ; M. Kat. 25 lj 1*>3X 13 
Ar. (ed. X31X, pax, Ms. Var. lax, la^X, v. Eabb. D. S a. 1. 

VTDN rri."(b. h., "3X) poor, distressed. Lev. E. s. 34 
(etymoi.) he is called ebyon, bJ? axria X11HS5 (Yalk. a. 1. 
mxha) because he longs for everything. Gen. E. s. 71. 
B. Mets. lll b . 

nDTQNj f. (b. h., ^ax) caper-tree, or caper-berry, so 
called from the stimulating effects of its seed.— PI. 
niiiiax. Maasr. IV, 6 ; a. e. 

rOTIlStf f. pi. nisi^ax dial, for SiiTOn. Tosef. Kel. 
B. Kam. il,' 2 (ed. Zuck.' r«n31X). 

SlIDT 1 ^ f. (denom. of ^ax) want, distress. Midr. 
Till, to Psl LXX, end. 

"Dl^Stf, 'X 13 pr. n. pi. Be-Ebyone (Poor-House) ; 
Eashi'. b! Kam. 11 7 a . [Ms. M. W3iX, Ms. E. ■ Wiax, 
Hal. G'dol. Ms. 15&3X; v. Eabb. D. S. a. 1.— Prob. a 
corrupt, of SOW ^3, v. XJ^13.] 

iOraN, t. 6nj3». 



fc» : 



"^5^ pr. n. m. Abbayi, 1) a renowned Babyl. Amora 
(original name *vqra). Keth. 65 a ; a. fr.— 2) Oth. Amo- 



n of that n 



lb. 94 a . Erub. 62 a . 



^"QStf Y. Suoc. II, 53 a , 'X 31 read X^SX. 

fT^N ("^N) f. (contr. of S-nsast; i»3) prayer. 
'X13 reader, precentor. Y.Pes.V, 32 c bot.— Y. Taan.III, 
end, 67 a ; Y. Sheb. I, 33 b top i'OX. 

*p3N Y. Yeb. Vn, 8 a bot )*bpyx 'X, read I^X; 
comp. Y. Shebi. VI, 36 c . 

5"QNj <o mourn, v. tax. 

btlS, N^, . v. ta«, xtax a. xtax. 

nTQ^ f. l)=tax mourning. Lam. R. introd., (R, 
Abbanu*4)"; v. hjijxi— 2) fern, of tax II. 

1TQSS;, NJTP"Q!S; ch.=next w. Targ. Lam. II, 5; 
v. sitax!'— M. Kat. 2o"ij"'X SlUS H&X3 in her (thy wife's) 
presence observe mourning (when she is in mourning). 

STWultf f. (tax) mourningi time, mourning ceremo- 
nies. M. Kat. 20 a sq. hS3S 'X the mourning time is 
seven days. lb. 24 a h38)3 'X pX no mourning ceremonies 
are to be observed on &o. Yeb. 43 b rittJIri 'X recent (i. e. 
individual) mourning, in contrad. to SlDffli 'X mourning 
over Jerusalem. [Gen. E.s. 8 beg., someed. ni^3X— VralX 
read ni^X— ^21X]. 

isn^ns, v. !&»«. 

j"0*njSi pr. n. pi. Abelin, Abilena, a district of Pereea 
(v. Graetz', Gesch. d.Jud. II, 2, p. 457). Lev. E. s. 17; 
Pesik.Tayhi, p. 66 a -,ltaXH (corr. ace.) ; Pesik. R. s. XVIII 
'(p. 88l> ed. Friedm.) ditalX; Ruth R. to I, 5 'pVia&t. 
Tosef. Zeb. II, 3 ed. Zuck. Q^ta^X (Var. d^talX). Cmp. 
^!QX a. tax pr. n. pi. 

^D'Sltf pr. n. m. Abbimi, 1) a disciple of Rabbah. 
Shebu. 28 Tj ; Y. Ned. II, 37 b ; Y. Shebu. Ill, 34 d top — 
2) A. bar Tobi. Y. Naz. IX, beg., 57°. 

"^Ilstf pr. n. m. Abbin. Y.Bicc. II, beg., 64=, Rabbi A. 
Cmp.'",!Q!*; v. ^3X. 

frO*^ pr. n. m. Abbina, an Amora. Y. Pes. V, 32". 
— Y. Ned. IV, beg. 38 c (prob. Abbuna, as shortly before). 
[Y. Peah III, 17 d bot. XS13 prob. the same.]— 'X 31 
contr. XJiai q. v. 

WCaX Sabb. 151 b , y. !»».' 

P 1 !!^ m. (pia, v. 5>p3; comp. piSX) outlet, esp. a 
pot in the bath-tub to which a waste-pipe is attached. 
Mikv. VI, 10. 

pq«, v.pax. 



np" 1 J^ pr. n. m. Abikah, a hero at the defence of 
Jerusalem.' Pesik. R. s. 29—30, Was 13 '&t(Yalk. Lam. 

looi iiros p xpiax). 

Sfibp^, v. bMpax. 

TljlNlm'. (b. h., last) strong, mighty, eminent (opp. 
•p light, of no influence); noble.— PI. d" 1 1 haN - R- Hash. 
25 b 'X32J TOX the noblest of the nobility. ' Y. ib. II, 
58 b bot. dVlS "l^ast (Babli ib. 1. c. iliiafi ; Koh. R. to I, 4 
^115) the world's noblest sons. [Esth. R. to II, 4, 



DT3NJ pr. n. m. (b. E.) Abiram. Esth. R. to II, 4 
'X ia T 'U51H'' 1 (some ed. dl^ax, Midr. Sam. ch. XIII 

ilia ii srna). 

M^SN, v. xwiSax. 

, iVQN, Tioiffli 'X pr. n. pi. ^%# Y'shimon, usu. 
"i !TO. : Targ. Y. II, Num. XXI, 20. 

"TP2N (b. h.) pr. n. m. fflyaihar, an Amora. Git. 6 b . 
Y. BeV. IX, 13 a . . 

rQStf (b. h., l^ax, omp. pax; as) to entangle. Hithp. 
^axnrt to blend (of whirling smoke columns). Pesik. 
R. s.'29— 30. .' , .''.', 

fcOSstf m. (Syr., P. Sm. 15; v, foreg., cmp. b. h. 
pax) the fighter, whence large cock. Targ. Prov.'XXX, 31 ; 
cmp. litIT (Var. X33X, Ms. X13X). 

•-53X ■ (b. h.) 1) indeed , yes. Tosef. Erub, V (IV), 1 
'X °\b lax said they to him, yes (we admit). Erub. 30 b 
top. Nid. 3 b ; a.e.— Gen. R. s. 91 '=1 rwni -,H1& it 
is a South Palestine expression where abal means bram, 
v. 613.— 2) but, however. Ber. VII, 1; a. v. fr, 

bn_Nt (b. h.) pr. n. pi. Abel, name of several towns; 
omp. "p^ax. . Erub. 87 a ed. (Ms. M. taa, corr. ace, Var. 
lect. v. Rabb. D. S. a. 1. note)'. 

^Dstfll (b. h., lAax, v. aax; cmp. tax) ; [dark, cmp, 
lip], mourner, esp. during seven days after burial. M. 
Kat. 14 b ; a. v. fr. — PI. t^tax, d^ax Cp^SX). Keth. 8 b ; 
v. HSia. Y. Ab. Zar. I, 39° bot. bills ^taax mourners 
among' gentiles; a. fi\— Eem.. i-lVax , fitax. Y. Rer. 
IV, 8 a ; Y. Taan. II, 65<> bot. 

3DNIII (foreg.) to mourn. Hithpa. taxnn, Nithpa. 
taxnj to observe mourning ceremonies, to be bound to 
mourn, be an tax. M. Kat. 20 b las 'xna life taxnaS ta 
over whom one is bound to mourn, with him he must 
mourn, i. e. one must share in the mourning ceremonies 
of a relation at whose death he would have to observe 
mourning;, a. fr. — Tanb.. Shi'mini, 1 'StPO. Pesik. Sos 
p. 148 b ; a. fr. 

5SJSJ, > >1 3^ ch. same. Targ. Lam. II, 8.. 

Ithpa. taxinx (denom. of xtax) to mourn. Targ. 



>a» 



?».» 



Gen. XXXVII, 34 ; a. fr.— Y. Ab. Zar. I, 39 c top. v. X^aiK. 
Esth. B. beg. Tbaxna llri ni^' *is when the Empress 
gave birth, they (the" Jews) mourned (it being the Ninth 
of Ab). B. Kam. 59 b '=1 ">bia!*rii<b xaifflfi ns* ed. (Ms. 
E.i^13sb, v. infra) art thou distinguished enough to 
wear mourning for Jerusalem? 

*Pa. baa, V*ai*. lb. W^-axa ed. (Ms. F. sobasa, v. 
Kabb. D. S. a. 1., note 6) I wear mourning. 

"ZlfiS m. (b. h., foreg.) mourning; emp. hlbiax. Y. M. 
Kat.'lil, 82 b ; a. Jr.— PI. tn^&, M. Eat. ' 7 b To. 
l^bpX llnlBSMD he Whom his mourning days overtook, 
i. e. a second case occurring before the mourning days 
of the first expired.— V&} bax Ebel Rabbathi (Great 
Mourning), name of a Talmudic treatise, also named 
euphemistically ninaip Rejoicings.— [Ohald. Targ. Gen. 
L, n; v. abas.] 

bSN, v. taw. 

aSna, Von, a'Tna C h.=h.baa. Targ.Koh. 

VII, 2;" a', e.— Pi./sK^aSs/iVax, "pbiax/ Targ. Prov. 
XXXI, 6; a. e.— T. II. Kat. Ill, 82 d hot.; a. e. 

&&1K, nbn^, N^N ch.=h. ba*. Targ. Gen. 
L, 11 (Var, bait Xb^'i). Ibia XXVII, 41 ; a. e. Targ. Y. II 
Lev. X, 19 Nbiak-.-Gen. B. s.. 27 (prov.) comes joy, 
rejoice; '&< 'X KSlDa comes mourning, mourn. 

. TON, ^TON f.=XrYiV!a»S. Targ. Y. II Deut. XXVI, 1 4. 

DIOlbDN Ar. ed. Koh., v. Sla&lbaN. 

*D^lbnN, &^*ON(?)nameof z spring. Gen. 
B. s, 33 (Snh. ios a "rtJi hsiba). Cmp. "pbiax, 'pbaix. 

*&1;2&TON (Ar. ed. Koh. BlalbaN) m. (auXisjAO;) 
night-lodging in open air: '8 iba. camping apparels 
(leather covers etc.). Zeb. 94 a Ar. (ed. Sjsbesi* q. v.). 

' "^"DlN m. pi. (ffiba 2); cmp. fflb&, a. b. h. &b&) 
iAose who cut through (cmp. i'pa a. deriv.), whence 
ground-diggers. (Maim.). B. Mets. 77 a Xllhal '» Ar. Var. 
(ed. a. Ar. 'SH q. v.; Ms. M. i&baiX, Ms. E. iflbajt) the 
ground-diggers (working men) of M. 

titON pr. n. m. Ablet, a gentile scholar, Ab. Zar. 30 a . 
Y. Sabb. Ill, 6 a bot., Y. Bets. II, 61 c , 

^TON, ftiTON pr. n. m. Pesik. E. s. 33 [Y. 
Naz. VII, 56 a hVtiSa;. Y; Ber. Ill, 6» bot. nbias]. 

*£OTON m. (^4Xtyo«=ipevivo4 S.) ebony-wood. 
Y'lamd. B'haal. '■», blB nioa (quot. in Ar., Tanh. a. Num. 
B. s. 14 only . . . nillSa) couches of ebony wood. [Jellin, 
Beth Hammidr. VI, 88, Nr. 53 X^baK.] 

*DbDN, &511N pr.> n. pi. Avlas, in Cilicia, men-' 
tioned as' one of the northern border places of the land 
of Israel. Targ. Y. I Num. XXXIV, 8 iBpVipn "a&t; Y. II 
ibid, 'bpl '11X1 xainn (the district of) A. of the Cilicians. 
Tosef. Shebi. IT, 11 Stria"! ^S ed. Zuck. (Var. Obis); 
Sifre Deut. "51 xnan xblb; Yalk. Deut. 624 Xlnai itb^b; 
Y. Shebi. VI, 36° Khai dbl&t. [Probably identical with 



Pylae Cilicise, IloXat T7); KiXi'xta;.] [Sifre Num. 131 
dbixa ^-ja&; Y. Snh. x, 28 d dbixa nnai& S. of Ulam; 
Bab. ib. 64 a &bx p xaao(?).] 

ulDTGDN-pr. n. m. (Eu[aoucjo;) Eumusus. Y.Meg. 
Ill, 74 a bot., rendered in a secret letter nab aiB well- 
learned; v. bipiias*. 

0"DQjN pr.n. m. (Eijjxa^04) Eumaehus, anAmora. 
Y. Snh. Ill, "end, 21 d . 

"jlN f. (b. h., ]/ax, comp. "last, v. Ges. H. Diet. s. v.) 
stone. Sabb. 10 a ; Pes. 12 b '=1 'X p*VVD like throwing a 
stone into a leather bottle (has no effect, or is indigest- 
ible). Num. B. s. 22 (prov.) into a well out of which 
you drank 'X 13 pYTtn b&t cast no stone.' — riaiB '» jewel. 
B. Bath. 16>>; a. fr. PL Di;a&t, const, i.ias. Gen.E. s. 68 

'» nines Dm lb. 's nabm-p! nin&tria t«* (read ujbiu) if 

these three stones shall grow into one; a. fr. 

Compounds and combinations : 'X tv^a Stone Chamber, ' 
name of a Temple compartment. ParahUI, 1. — 'jlibs 'X, 
v. •£!*.— D-OTlSH 'X (-pSVO 'X, 1S1B 'X, v. TOO) Sfowe o/" 
Losers (Claims) , a place in Jerusalem where lost and 
found things were deposited and claimed. Taan. Ill, 8 ; 
Y. ib. 66 d hot. ; B. Mets. 28 b — *Q»n '» or Dpan 'X auction 
place (for slaves). Sifre Deut. 26. Sifra B'har ch. VII, 
s. 6. Yalk. Lev. 667 fipbn 'it..— Saba. 'X a stone used for 
closing a pit etc. Nid. 69 b 'a '&ta the corpse was put on a 
closing (immovable) stone ; a. e.' — US'dp'Hastone rooted in 
the ground, opp. fiffllbn. Y. SotahIX,23 c top.— nrrtoh iiax 
v. ij*i». — rtasiuj 'X magnetic stone, load-stone. Snh. 1 07 b ; 
a. e.— hiSffin 'X stone-dial, Kel. XII, 4 ; a. e.— n*a 'K /oMwrf- 
ation stone, stone Sh'thiya which in the second Temple 
occupied the place of the Holy Are. Yoma V,2 (3); v. Gem. 
a.l. — niacin d^ias immigrant stones, i. e. stones brought 
over from another ground. Tosef. Shebi; III, 4; cmp. 
Shebi..III, 7 a, Y. Gem. a. 1.— rtSlbn '» v. sup. tfS*dp 'X. 
— l-ialpn '!* preserving stone, a stone believed to protect 
against abortion. Sabb. 66 a . — [For other combinations 
see respective determinants.] 

pN, N32N ch. same. Targ. Gen. XXVIII, 18; 
a. fr!— Pi: X*?aN, ^ax, -psas. Targ. Ex. XXVIII, 11; 
a. fr. Lev. B. s. 16; a. e. — KSasi 'N weight-stones, to 
prevent the sheaves being blown away. "B. Bath. 69 a . 
— Stbffial 'X black marble stone. Kid. 12 a . [Targ. Prov. 
XXIII, 28, read with Ms. Luzz. iiatt) sma »1»S1_ and 
captures foolish sons.] [Y. B. Bath. II, 13 c pS. f^h . . . 
corrupt a. defective.] 

I^Stf m., only in Du. B^asj (b. h.,. j/p, v. ^a, cmp. 
■)6S) 1) the potter's turning implement.— 2) the passage of 
the embryo, vagina. Ex B. s. 1 (etym.) W53 ib^ffi dlpa 
13 (some ed. H3p3 incorr.) where the child turns (to come 
to light). [Oth. etym. v. ibid. a. Sot. ll b .] 

N3na, v. m ch. 

"1J2DN Sabb. 109b, v . 1553,' 

T2DDN m. (b. h., B5a, yoa, cmp. .pa) &e#. B. Kam. 
94 b . Yoma 6 a ; 12 a ; a. fr.— Pi. d-aias. Zeb. 18\ 



owa-a 



SDl'a' !| D3S,-&iD' 1 3 pr. n. m. Abnimos, Nitnos, a 
gentile philosopher, friend of E. Me'ir [prob. identical 
with the cynic philosopher Oenomaus of Gadara]. Gen. 
B. s. 65; a. e. illlfi '». Hag. 15 b il.lin '3. 

^iTODN" Targ. Y. II Deut. XIV, 18, read with 
T. I snass, v. 'six. 

N7p3N|> NiTCQIftt f. fii3) understanding, specula- 
tion. T Meg! 24 b ibrT'bl 'S3 (Ms.M. '31S3) it depends on 
the speculative faculty (not on the physical sight). Ab. 
Zar. 28 b ibn 'Vl '1S3 (Ms. M. Sibn SSib3, cmp. Tosaf. 
a. 1.) an affection of the eye-sight is connected with 
(has influence on) the mental faculties; (oth. opin., cmp. 
13S, the fat surrounding the heart). 

ffilsSl (b. h.; yast, cmp. ytHf.) to stuff; to fatten, feed 
(act. a. neut.)' B. Mets 86 b (expl. abusim,"I Kings V, 3) 
3"S3 inis 1i&3isil) which people fatten with force. lb. 
'31 'jilalSI 'Sffl that stand feeding as they please. Sabb. 
XXIV, 3 (155 b ) 'Dl-lit&li* lis you must not (on the 
Sabbath) stuff the camel; expl. ib. you must not make 
'31 fins S1SS a manger of her stomach (fill up to swell- 
ing); a. fr.— Part. pass. &13S (=littj). Meg. 9 a , a. e. (one 
of the changes said to have been made by the authors 
of the Septuag.). 

I lTDj|5p5!S« (aflaaxavTa) unbewitched! may no harm 
befalfyoui T.'Ab. Zar. I, end, 40 b las sb 'S he did 
not say abascanta, but etc. Y. Ber.IV, 13 c top (corr. ace). 

?^=?sn, v. *a. 

IX, 9'(Var. 11S1S 



. pi. (5*13.) blains, pustules. Targ. 0. Ex. 
3S f. pi.). 



1V2X, v. isa. 

jT^DItf, rP3D1N f. (nsa) search, begging, the 
appearance of the poor for their share in the crop. PL 
niiS3S. Peah IV, 5 '31 '3S '1 (Y. ed. IV, 3 'SIX) three 
times a day the poor would come (cmp. etym. Y. ib. 18 b 
top). [Oth. comment, ref. to etym. in Y. 1. c. a. Targ. 
Obad. v. 6 : "the owner appears" &c] 

itf^lS! m. (=S2S3S, cmp. ]'S3) tin. Targ. 0. Num. 

xxxi, T 2i! 

pQStf m. (b. h.; v. p3S, cmp. )VS), ' (thick, whirling) 
dust, powder. Sabb. Ill, 3 tHill pas the (heated) sand 
on- the roads. Hull. 91 a . Cant. E. to III, 6; a. fr.— 'S 
dilSI&n the refuse of writing material, or the colored 
sand strewn over the writing. Sabb. XII, 5 1ipU5a3 ani 
'31 if one writes (on the Sabb.) with a fluid or sap of 
fruits (instead of ink), or in the sand on roads or in the 
writer's powder.— Trnsf. (cmp. pas) connection, something 
akin to, shade of, as Sin llltfb 'S a shade of slander; 'S 
niai a shade of usury ; niSi31tt bli) 'S an agricultural 
occupation indirectly related to those forbidden in the 
Sabbath year; v. in.iv.-Pl. nipas. Tosef. Ab. Zar. 1, 10 
in 'S S31S (ed. Zuck. nispas) the word abdk in its 
figur. sense is applied to four things; cmp. B. Bath. 165 a ; 
B. Mets, 61 b ; 67 a ; Succ. 40 b . 



pDltf, Pi. pas, pais (denom. of foreg.) to cover with 
powder, esp. plants, for fertilizing.. Shebi. II, 2 lipSSa 
(cmp. Y. Gem. a. 1.). M. Kat. 3 a . Y. Sabb. VII, 10 a top. 
.—Part. pass, psisa powdered. Y. Bice. I, 63 d bot. nipsisa 
(read 'aisa) grapes fertilized with powder. [Ar. "to 
remove' the dust"(?)] 

Hithpa. a. Nithpa. pasnn, 'sn? to be covered, or cover 
one's self with dust. Gen'. E. s'. 43.— Metaph. to sit at 
one's feet as a disciple. Aboth. I, 4. 

pDSSl, -p-QN (l/as, as, cmp. "ps, pan) l) to en- 
tangle, twist, twine. Men. 42 a pais inb pias (perh, pi3S 
Pa.) he twined (the show-fringes) with loops.— 2) (neut. 
v.) to be attached to, cling to (idolatry etc.). Snh. 64 a ; 
Ab. Zar. 14 b . Ib. 17 a S3la na 'S he was very deeply 
attached to sensuality. 

pDltf, SSj^DSS ch.=h. pas. Targ. Ex. IX, 9 ; a. e. 

p3N Tosef. Mikv. V, 7, read pias. 

!tfp2!S, v. pas ch. 

maps**, v. pas h. ' 

np^Ni f. (b. h.; v. pas) spices, spice-box. Pig. npas 
bail (peddlar's spice-box) a great scholar. Cant. E. to 
III, 6 end. 

DTlpDiS! pr. n. m. (EuxoXo;) Eucolus, father of 
E. Zechar'iah. Git. 56 a ; Lam. E. to IV, 2. Tosef. Sabb. 
xvi (XVII), 6 (Var. eVraaa, Dlbpi3S). Cmp. Dl^piSS. 

ilpDStf Men. 33 a , read snpas, v. next w. 

stf ilpDltf f. pi. (pas) loops, leather rings, on bedsteads 
for the reception of cords; in door cases, for, hanging 

doors in. Ned. 56 b ; Snh. 20 b . 'S3 11)111 a couch 

is called dargesh, when it is carried in and out (to be 
put up and taken apart) by means of loops (through 
which the cords are fastened) ; opp. mittah, v. SWIiia. — 
Men. 33 a , Erub. ll b ed. (Ms. M. snpSS, v. Eabb. D. S. 
a. 1. note), explain, lis 13\1 'an indication of hinges'. — 
Mace. 23 a (loops in the punishing scourge). 

™Q&$ or 13i Hif. iiain, v. 113. ■ 

"Q&J ("JA3S, v. 33S; cmp. 131, I3n) to be bent, 
pressed, thick. 

Pi. las, lais 1) to strengthen, harden (cmp. yast). 
Snh. 109 b (play on Abiram, Num. XVI, 1) '31 'a 13b 'iSffi 
Ms. M. (Eashi 133b, ed. lass) he hardened his heart 
against repentance.— 2) (denom. of 13S) to measure wings, 
to define city limits, for Sabbath distances, in cases of 
wing-like projections beyond the line. Erub. V, 1 1213 
• 1i13Sa . (accord, to Eab's spelling, while Sam. read 
■|i13Sa, "v. Y. ib. 22 b , Bab. ib. 53 a ) how do we measure 
outskirts of a city in order to draw the Sabbath line?; 
v. etymol. definit. Y. a. Babl. 11. cc. a. Y. Ber. VII, 12 c 
top. — 3) (b. h. Hif.) to soar, take wings. Gen. E. s. 42 
(play on Shemeber, Gen. XIV, 2) '31 13SaU5 Ar. s. v. ISSaffl 
(ed. nils ninitJ} he took wings to fly and obtain wealth. 



"fiNj ch. Ithpe. lastnst (v. next w, a. foreg.).' io be 
winged,' to soar. Targ. Job XXXIX, 29. 

"DN«, 05"^.) m - ( b - h - wing, v. last; cmp. S]», S|») 
l)limb,<part.—*Tin "p 'X a part cut off from a living animal. 
Hull. 101 b ; a. fr.— 2) wiewtJrwm genitale. Snh. 107 a . 
Y. Keth. V, 30 b .— 3) town quarter, projecting out- 
skirts (v. last Pi. 2).— 'St 'K Kw6 6y &m&; piecemeal. 
Sabb. 40». y* Toma VI, 43 d bot, Koh. R. to X, 15.— 
PI. S^iast, Wia^St, V^St Kw&s, paris (of an animal). 
Shek.VII, 3 meat found 'i&t in entire limbs (opp. hlS'Tin 
cut slices). Sabb. 82 b 'stb nxaaa. hi 1 '** Ms, M.\ (ed. nai&t 
'Stb) does not make unclean when dismembered. Kef. 
XVIII, 9 (parts of a bedstead).— .'St 'X as sing. Hull. ll b . 
Treat. S'mah. II, 12.— Ber. I, 1 the fat 'stl and other 
pieces of the daily offerings. Ohol. I, 8 'St Pl"al 248 
limbs (joints).— 4) balance of a load, ballast. Sabb. 154 b , 
v. "an.— Ch. xia^st. 

"DIS? m. (v. last ; b. h. nisi)) fearf. Snh. 52 a ViVtiB 
<St Ist5 a string (bar) of lead'.' Hull. 8 a llpisa 'st lead 
directly from the mine (hot). Y. Sabb. VII, 10 b bot.Kel. 
XIV, 5 '31 ISaffl 'Stn the lead hanging down from the 
neck of the animal (as ornament or mark). Git. 19 a ; 
Sabb. 104 b 'SO lans if he wrote the document with lead 
(solution); a. fr. 

12X, tCnX 0*"Ha) ch. same. Targ. Ex. XV, 
10. Targ. Y^ Lev. XX^ 14"; a. e.— Snh. 64 a '31 W1U 
cast ye him into a kettle (of lead) '=1 inVDSl and cover 
him with lead (or heavy load; ed. (TPItt) incorr. ; Ms. 
M. omits Stiastl; oth. var. v. Eabb. D. S. a. 1.). Git. 19 a 
'SO (writing) with lead pencil, 'Stl St^aa with a solution 
of lead. 

&CQSS limb, v. swais*. 



&0&N, Targ. ProV. XXX, 31 Ms. the cock, cmp. 

iaxa. T ias; v. ssax. 

"N iJN adv. (ia) outside, freq. with prefix "a, opp. 
iS15X. T $uil. 130 ab Ab. Zar. 2 b 'StO StaAa arvnal) for the 
king to wait outside (of the court-room). R. Hash. 8 b 
'X . . . bpiaV. Ber. 18 b 'X a 1 *" 1 sat outside (of the gather- 
ing of the righteous in heaven). Cmp. ^13. 

■1WQN, "OJTQitf, Erub. 62 a , Var., v, Stafffiast. 

^"I3X, v.^ach. 

^llia'nj 1) '(cmp. 'fast Pi.) wings or comers of city walls 
(h. !"i5s), pinnacles, mural turrets. Sabb. li a ed. (Ar. 
ilSliast,- read illStiast; Ms. M. plllSt; Var. lect. v. Rabb. 
D. S. a. 1. note) 2) (v. last a. laii) balance, freight ar- 
ranged for balancing, ballast, B. Bath 24 b 'lliasta liai&t 
TDa llfi Ms. M. (ed. "Ma SO) I may say, the small kegs 
were placed among the large for balancing purposes. 

' <ta"hna,v.^as</- 



tXQVC&k, SKDTDN f. hash or brine of a certain 
fish ( ! A6pa|u<;?). Succ, 18 a (Ms.M. a. ed. last, v. Eabb. 
D. S. a. 1.) [Rashi : 'a very small fish'.] 

O ™«Jbj m. (prob. a. geogr. term) ibrosi, name of 
a species of olive of medium size, also called ^li^St q. v. 
Ber. 39 a its name is not egori, '=1 'St StVst'Ms. M. (ed. 
iBliast, Ar. ed. Koh. iSliast) but its original name is 
ibrosi or as some say ibiiaD Ms. M, (ed. 'Wist)); Y. 
Bice. I, 63 d bot. billlat ■(Wills*). 



T^P 



Dp1"13«, v. iftpiaast . 

^")n!S, v. ^ipax. 

JJ ©TON m. (Pers. afrosah) a dish of flour, honey, 
and oil; a word in a marginal note in Ms. M. to Ber. 
37 a , quoted in Ar. and in Eashi to 36 b bot. (i1"©liast, 
corr. ace), denning Sinp part. V. Eabb. D. S. a, 1. 

*rfrDi<, rP"0& Tosef. Neg. VIII,- 2, v. niia. 

pHS^j m. pi. (Sttail, v. SWISH; cmp. h. equiv. 
ttaais, 'stsais) prop, cutting, trimming, hence fur 
trimmed of its extremities {and pinked), in gen. carriage- 
robe, cover [E. Hai Gaon declares our w. to be Persian, 
■v. Ax. ed. Koh. s. v., a. Fl. to Levy Targ. Diet. II, 579 b J 
B. Kam. 66 b '=1 lip stlpisa (Ms. M. YTOS*) before its 
use was determined upon it was called mishkha (skin), 
and now (even before the trimming is done), it is called 
abirzin (fur, robe). V. 5>12Tp. 

fi^!?^ Fl - fem - ^O" 1 ^ 3 ^ ( v - ^ n ) 1U - outside 
places, hence villages, cottages. Y. Ber. VI, 10 a [Com- 
ment, 'to take refreshments', v. st^iais]. [Wias* Cant. 
E. to H, 14, read STJIs" 1 !*, v. IJ"^!] ' 

pp" 1 ")!^, Y. Sabb. XVI, 15 d , v. iTI^-- 

".ri' , "Q«, v. niias?. 

rjHDltf (Gen. XLI, 43)Abhrekh, a title ; homiletically 
defined' diJiaa Ipl rtaaha 5& father in wisdom, tender 
in years. Gen. R. s. 90. 

"3 IJCS m. (prob. fr. 15X; well-winged) name of a 
bird, prob. sea-mew. Yalk. Esth. 1054; (Esth. E. to III, 6 

MS). 

*D" 1 !TQ!S; (?) (Pers., v. Fl. to. Levy Talm. Diet. s. v., 
a. Lagarde Ges. Abh. vol. 23) half-done meat. Pes. 41 a 
(explain. Hi Ex. XII, 9) 'St ">StD1B iiastia (Yalk. Ex. 197 
ifflsix "ia) as the Persians say abarnim. [istblB iias^is 
does not necessarily refer to the Persian language, cmp. 
I^afl. Perh. our w. is a Hebrew expression known among 
Persian Jews, and a compound of Q 11 ? last (=S^S;S , BW) 
a tender piece. Cmp. fswa.] 

.•WD^v.&isiist. ' 



"p^H^itf, Tj?""fil m. pi. (pia=p1S;-. cmp. 1pa=1pB, 
v. 'pOipBX) underclothes, inexpressibles, breeches (cmp. 
Lat. bracse, braccse— of Oriental origin). Y. Sabb. XVI, 
15 d 'X 151B Ar. (ed. Krot. T^iax; Bab. ib. 120 a 131B '31, 
Ms. M. 11S1B, Ar. 'pUSIS ; Bashi genouilliers, a. German 
Kniehosen). T'lamd. B'resh. quot. in Ar. (expl. •pST'ttPBB 
Dan. Ill, 21) 'SI rYBlWh '3 (fern.) the underclothes put 
around their loins. 

JSTTQlSj, rirTDN f. pi. (">ia, v. x^ia^x, a. nxian) 

%SSop (used against indigestion &c). Sabb. 128 a (ex- 
plaining ailX). Ib. 109 b nniax (mentioning two species, 
one named Sai|n-ia=ait&t, the other Wii-ia^T ailX). 
Ab. Zar. 29 a Ms. M. a. Ar. (ed. xniax). 

W^X, N^" 1 ^ m - 0*»K=*ai) something 
dried; parched or dried ears of grain. Meg. 7 b ; Ps. 39 b 
'XI xnap flour of roasted ears. Ib. 40 a '11MX1 K3SH Ar. 
(ed. "iax) a basin wherein ears are roasted. 

&MN (»"W) (Samar. nsx rendition of b. h. ap5; 
cmp. nsn) to «|>eW (letters), blaspheme, swear. Snh. 101 b 
SJS llffiVal ■pVnsaO) ,X3tl Ar. (6d. n3S>), the Boraitha 
remarks (to nsmn as in Mishn. a. I.) this (condemnation 
of one uttering the name of the Lord) refers to the 
country (not the Temple), and in the sense of Samaritan 
aga (swearing). Omp. Y. Snh. X, 28 b top ■pV 1 !* 'jisa 
'31 "WVD in a way as those Samaritans swear. 

plbMS, pJpbWN." Gen. E. s. 28, beg.,, read 

. 3^ (contr. of as bx=bs, cmp. _ X) prop, on the back, 
on top of, hence, upon, on the basis; (logic.) by dint of, 
on account of; by the way of. Snh. 95 b "mix 'X while 
on thy road, i. e. incidentally, occasionally. Freq. 'X 
norm, v. xniix.— B. Mets. 21 b ilipil 'X because they 
are heavy.— ib. ll b , a. fr. ^Splpa 'X ■pbabBa the 
sale of movable chattel made binding by dint of im- 
movable property jointly sold; emp. Splp.— Kid. 26 b 
mx 'X by . means of somebody else (taking posses- 
sion in behalf of the absent person). Ib. 27 a 'jS'tta ^a 
'X is it necessary that he must say, 'Acquire mov- 
able by dint of acquiring landed property'? — Pes. 113° 
X"«a X">a5 'X Vs every claim the legality of which rests 
on some additional circumstance (e. g. a loan collectible 
only on producing the note of indebtedness) requires 
collection (cannot be considered actual property until 
collected).— Sabb. 116 a fflllpl Xin aro 'N the parchment 
is sacred only on account of the sacred character of 
what is written on it.— Shebu. 40 b , v. X11S; a. fr. 

tf^v.XSS. "' ' 

OT2&&OJ5*, v.. Slat?™, end. 
' "TIWN m. (^asix, h, s^aa, Visas) calix ;.or corolla 
of flowers. Y. Kil. IX, 32 a top iilbp 'X the cissaros 
blossom (v. Lat. Diet. s. v. cissaros, Or. Diet. s. v. ^po- 
<tolv6s|J!,ov) "a woolly substance growing on stones at the 
Dead Sea, looking like gold, and being very soft; its 



name is "|bs (^otXxir), y.i\jr\) and it resembles sheep- 
wool".— (E. Ash. a. 1. in Mishn.). Y. Sabb. II, 4 C top 
'p '33S, corr. ace. [Var. lect. 'pa2X=X1i:£X?, 'paax.— 
Sabb. 20 b , our w. appears as Xlpfflia, Xlptlia, obviously 
a corruption of cissaros; Bashi ib. expl. 'the -shell of 
the cocoon', prob. confounding with chrysallis which is 
likewise named from its gold color.] 

"I*[fc$ I ( V^i sec - r - of s,,s > v - N^IX, cmp. lax, isn, 
1p5>) 1) to twine around, tie up; to close, forbid. Succ. 
Ill, 1 ; a. fr.— Sabb. 60 a '=1 ia nisix Ar. (ed. niSIX, Ms. 
M. main) she fastens her hair with it. — Pes. 87 a PASS 
/ai niiaixia bsoap ed. (Ms. M. nvroatt) . . . nmna, v. 

Hif.) the maidens in Israel who forbid intimacy to their 
betrothed. Erub. 21 b miaix X"b ed. (missing in Ms. M.). 
—2) (denom. of nilSX) to form a union or faction. Sifre 
Deut. 294, v. Nif.[B. Bath. 14 s M131X WTtb, v. 15X a. 
^J 

Nif. "15X2 to be tied up, united &c. Maasr. I, 5 pli 
lax^ffla "it\ vegetables ordinarily put up in bunches, are 
subject to tithes from the time they are tied. Y. Erub. 
Ill, 20 d top.— Sifre Deut. 296 miax TpS>» HSxn xblU 
(read 13X1-1) no alliance (of the surrounding nations) shall 
be formed against thee. 

- Sif. I^axn, contr. wn, part. Wa, "Via, fo «e «p, 
/ewce m, /br'Jid. Erub. 21 b ; Pes. 87 a Ms. M. (play on 
Qiiaa Oant. VII, 14) '=1 nil^aiD who forbid &c, v. 
supra (Bashi: hiT^aiU, v. 1S3, who announce their men- 
struation); v. 15X11. 

IJS^I ch. same to tie. Part. pass, I^SX. Yeb. 39 b 
n^a Xl^ax xn is she not tied to him?, hence he must 
marry her. 

"UN II ( Y"ii, v. 153 a. blS), Hif. I^sn to stretch, pro- 
long, postpone. Erub.21 b ; Pes. 87 a (Ar.s. v.1S,y. however 
1SXI) '31 hil^SaiB who postpone (reserve) sexual intimacy 
for their husbands. Y.Keth.V, 29 d bot.'aini3">a 'MXI will 
extend (spend all the time of) my widowhood in my 
husband's house. 

"UN II ch. same; to be lengthened. Targ. Y. Ex. 
XIX, 13; Deut. XXX, 6. Denom. XnilSIX. 

"WIS! Ill, N13N m. (foreg.) long staff, whence 1) crutch. 
Targ. ~il Sam. Ill, 29 (some ed. 1SX).— 2) pole used, as a 
yoke to carry burdens on the shoulder. B. Mets 83 a 
'Xa 1111 Ar., Ms. H., Oxf. &c. (Ms. M. XIS^X, ed. X1SX, 
v. Eabb. D. S. a. 1. note) who carry a burden on a yoke. 
Bets. 30 a (v. Babb. D. S. a. 1. note 3) ; Sabb. 148 a Ms. 
M. marg. XrilSX ! (v. Babb. D. S. a. 1. note 6). V. X13B. 

"UN ("WSSf) m. (1SXI) 1) tie, knot. Succ. 10 b , a. 
fr. 'X V -j-i1S must be tied together. Ib. 11SX mm if the 
tie of the Lulab becameloosened. Erub. 101 b sq. iisxa Va^a 
(a. twice 'S^X, Babb. in D. S. a. 1. ilSlxa) when the door 
pin is handled by pulling the cord knotted to it. — 2) 
bunch Y. Ter. II, 41 b XaBJtU 'X a bunch of herbs that 
became unclean.— 3) surgical bandage. Sabb, 53 a . 

T!K, "WlSt ch. same. Succ. 33 b '21 XfT^Sa 'ix 
(fern. I) it requires a substantial binding. '"'■.. 



*ttja, v. ™ III. 

JTliiK, or FIT! N f. (155, 3 absorbed or dropped = 
mart) to?e, sfory, fessim, esp. Agadah, that class of Eabb. 
literature which, explains the Bible homileticaUy, opp. to 
Salakhah or legal interpretation (ftdbn, floras;). M.Kat. 
23 a 'SI 'affl a legal tradition and an Agadah (homily). 
Y. Yeb. XII, 13 a . Y. B. Bath. VI, 15" XVI 'X nilOa/it 
is a traditional Agadah.— Y. Git. IV, 45 c ",!*a . . . 'X3 
* p^l who among us can enter into what thy 
grandfather said ? — 'X tea a lecturer on Agadah. Gen. 
B, s, 94 ; a. fr. — trtri m»t the Agadah on Psalms. Ih. 
s. 33.— PI. tvhsx, 'SX. Lev. E. s. 22, beg.; a, fr.— Cmp. 
xn-isx. 

TftJti&i pi. niWit Tosef. Makhsh. Ill, 8 ed. Zuck., v. 

iiwsxT' 

T na«, "pm v. ^. . 

D^X, v. Mih. 

Dlp" l ' r lJ!St (Sp^WX, popular corrupt, "ax, cmp. 
'■'pOiWX) m. (ecdicus=cognitor sive defensor civitatis, 
esp. in Asia Minor) state's agent, syndic. Gen. B. s. 12 
rfctB x-n ,te raiaa 'X (ed. "WX; *83 ma, corr, ace.) when 
an ecdicus is in the country, he holds the authority over the 
public road (curator vise, v. X*a). Yalk. Ps. 794 (a. Ar.) 
"&», corr. ace— Pi. "pp" 1 *^ '=K. Cant. R. to VII, 9 
(ed. '3X). 

, N^ft-iN m - ( v - ^ a - x r?> p - 8m - 2 ^) «>ora-tt>oo<J 
(Rashi: 'horehound). Ab. Zar. 29 a Ar. a. ed. (Ms. M. 
X3iaiX, with 1), in a prescription against asthma. Targ. Y. I 
Deut. XXIX, 17 'lax (Var. "iSK); ed. Vienna pi. X*»ax 
("1SK). 

NSTMN f. ch. (=h. max) i) Agadah, Jiomiletic litera- 
ture. T B.Kam. 60 b ppp. "xiinsatf}. Sotah 49 a |-™» X!T< 
'SO aa-\ (abbr. n"ttJ"!Ti) the kaddish (prayer) after lec- 
tures. Y. Sabb. XVT, 15 c .— 2) the Saggadah, i. e. the 
recitations for the Passover night. Ps. H5 b xWni 'x 
Haggadah andHallel. Ib. Il6 b '=1 'X 'naxi |Xa who recited 
the Hag. in the house of E. Joseph (who was blind)? 

}"UN m. (rax to sting, v. xax, -|/ax=att, v. aari) 
ttoni; ihorfrbusti. Y. Shebi. Vn,l7 b top— PZ. fS8. Y. 
Kil. V, 30 a bot.; v. nVFl. 

"WAN adv. inside, .amid, v„ wax. Hull, I30 ab . 
Cmp! IS. ' . 

WUN m. (aax, v, rax=h. sain q. v.) cfe/if, fissure. 
SVWl T/ K cataract, water-falls (issuing from a Assure). 
Lam. E. to I, 17 (play on hogeg ibid. Ps. XLII, 5) "pins 
'31 'X Ar. like the cataract that rests neither &c. [Ed. 
8WSJ]. 

TUN m.(iaxi)6aw*. Y.Sabb.VI,8 a bot.; Y. Yeb. XII, 
1 2 d top "<p3t£>a 'X a band (of bast) with which mala punica 
(pomegranates) are tied together. — PI. D^iSS!, const. ''3'iSJS. 
Peah VI, 10 tmt\ 'X stalks of garlic plant used for tying 
bunches; [oth. opin. bunches of garlic on one stalk], 



opp. to WiUK tied bunches. [Tosef. ib. Ill, 8 "nttlS* ed. 
Zuck., piles of gariic, v. •riSX.'] [Num. E. s. 4 beg. ffWi 
dmTiax, v. I'liix.] 

H^WN f. (b. h. iT-UX, v. foreg.) 1) 6w?M#e, bunch. 
B. Mets. I,' 8. Succ. 33^ 'bl Via 'X= as a bunch of herbs 
is tied; a. fr. — 2) band, union; faction. Lev. B. s. 30; 
Gen. B. s. 88 nnx 'X one brotherhood.— PI. ni^ax. Peah 
VI, 10 ; v. foreg. Makhsh. VI, 2 '=1 Vtn bffl 'x' (herb) 
bunches which have been lying in the market houses; 
v. Tosef. ib. IH, 8.— Yeb. 13 b (ref. to lliann Deut. 
XIV, 1) 'X 'X ltt>S*n xi do not form yourselves into reli- 
gious factions. Ber. 4 a 'X 'X in companies (amusing 
themselves). — 3) 'X rrta pr. n. of a family, Beth-Aguddah. 
Mass. Sof rim IV, 1 'X 'a bU5 . . . the scribes of the family 
Beth-Ag. 

71WN m. (=teii5) thumb. Yoma H, 1. Cant. B. 
to III, 6." 

}"UN m. (b. h.) nut. Git. U h (as signs of mental 
responsibility) YbBlSl 'X if you throw a nut to it, and the 
child picks it up (at the same time throwing a pebble 
away); a. e— P^.tnTiax, const. "nSax. Orl.IH,8'Xtt 1SSSW 
when the nuts are burst open. Ib. 7 "p& "TOX crack-nuts 
(eatable); a. fr. [Tosef. Sabb. XIV (XV), 1 fiSi&baiD TOX 
ed. Zuck., read "paix, v. "paiS"!.] [For etymol. cmp. D5X.] 

NJIJN ch. same; also nut-tree. Keth. 77 b 'XI XTM 
scrapings" of the bark of a nut-tree; v. xaiX.— Cmp. 

xiis, xiiaax. 

ITj'UN f. (v. 'tils) nwMree. Cant. B. to VI, 11. 

"ntaiJis, v. )**•<**. 

*Ttap' 1 'UN m. Qucestor. Gen. E. s. 12, v. Slaiaax 
a. SiotaWX, end. 

TWUN (&ya>[Ai^, fr. ^to) mjj/ cowe on! Gen. E.s. 78. 

TUN m. (aY">v) assembly, esp. jpm6Zjc games. Y'lamd. 
Emor (quot. ih Ar, missing in Tanh.) MJiTaa ni2}Si"X. 

nilJlN Tanh. Mishp. 1, read iljiSX. 

. ND&W, (ITD&'UN) {.Augusta, title of a female 
member of the imperial family (of Borne), in gen. prin- 
cess &c. Esth. E. to I, 9. [Tan h. Vaera 8, 'X, read 

DID...] 

*"]!*ddUi$, T^GUN m. (Augustanus, Augusti- 
sums) a servant in a cohniaAugustana, (perhaps identical 
withCurialis orDecurio; cmp. Gibbon, ed.Milm. II, 142sq., 
Amer. ed.). Snh. 26 a '31 )#® . . . la* bf Ms. M. (Ms, 
c. a. P. Tna&i . . ed. yiaeisa, pa&iax, corr. ■j^atsiax) he 
may say (as an excuse for tilling in the Sabbath year), 
I am merely an imperial servant in the estate. 

' 1 bT!a&'UN, Gen. E. s. 1, v. "toWSX. 

DiTSp^UN (b'ltDffl'UN) m. Augustus, title of the 
Roman emperor, in gen. ruler, sovereign., Y. Ber. IX, 
12 d hot. as one uses indiscriminately .'X Ibip &l*i&a 



,([3pcijiXsu;) Basileus, Csesar, Augustus; Gen. B. s. 8 (corr. 
ace.). Ex. B. s. 23, beg.; a. fr— [Gen. U.S. 12 n5"i1a:a 'X 
ed. (Ar. bBbxaax) read "riobiiax or liB&'<xnax v. bl:M5X.] 

"O&OtS&IJilS m. pi. Augustiani, a Preetorian legion 
entitled to proclaim the emperor. Esth. B. to I, 3, end 
'X ">5iialp1 the Decumani (or Decimani) and the Aug. — 
Gen. B. s. 94 'ixa (corr. ace); v. Sachs. Beitr. I, 113 sq. 

. NbBCfUN, v. next w. 

Ot3D*»iN m. (Augustalis). Prcefectus Augustalis, 
title of T the prefect of Egypt. Gen. E. s. 1. ed. (Var. 

■tebiax, Ar. xVabiax). 

stfn&W Ex. B. s. 8 some ed., read blbbiax. 

*]UN m. (Spa I, ipi.) 1) sexual intercourse. Y. Git. 
Vn,48 dT WBWX * y"V& to reserve to himself the right 
of embracing her; Y.B. Bath. VIII, 16 c topii51X— 2) door- 
stop, v. S|M«.— [CflMt v. C|4S.] 

m'HS, TU" 1 ^ m. (ias<I) heap, hill. Tosef. Shebi.111,3 

'=1 X2Sli"">Xl ed."zuck. (Var. "WW) and a mound (of 
arable ground) rises out of it (the rock).. — PI. Bi"yiax, 'list ; 
const, "niinx. Tosef. Peah III, 8 taTOi-niiaiX ed. Zuck. 
(Var. TTOX, MllaX, ed. iliax/v. lias) heaps of garlic 
on the field, not yet hunched. 

ItfTUNjI, JOIJPN ch. same; esp. heathen altar 
(cmp. T b, hi Ks). Targ. Jud. VI, 25 ; a. fr— PI. piax : , VX, 
N*™& " 1 «. Targ. II Kings XXI, 3; a. fr. 

£0"UXlI i.(a.^opa)market-plaee, court- session, court. 

PI. hix-iilix GKt.'88 b .b.'n:fl itt) 'X (ed. nixiliax -eorr. ace.) 
gentile courts. 

nTU^ f. ("lax) prop, store-room^ hence <Ae cowpari- 
»i6«fe o/ 1 tte nut-shell. PI. niliax. Pesik. B. s. 11 as the 
nut has 'X 5>31X f our compartments (Yalk. Cant. 992 fWTCm) . 
' "T^*^ inf - of l "fi«.— ^IISI* 'for ^ax, v. Xliax. • 
"Hi3!S!, "Hl^lS* m. (v. liax, ft-jiax) -/ft /or storage, 
o/" gw<Z quality. Kel. XVII, 8 the olive (as a size 
standard) . . . neither large nor small, but of medium 
size, 'X !"ft Which is the kind called egori. Ber. 39 a ; Y. 
Biec. I, 63 d (etymol. explan.) f v. ^bl^SX. Yalk. Deut. 851 
'X m. Gen. B. s. 91, end 'ix "Via myrrh fit for storage. 
— PI. piax Num. E. s. 4 beg. ■jhiTlSK biBfi, read T>"ViaX 
tan are all storage wheat (opp. naia^a). Cmp. Viax.- 

cnafflw, om'. . . ., v. iyiBwa«.' 

antm isn^ma (Ti^)t(m»,r 1M )^Mif V . 

Targ. T Ps. CX, 3 ; a. e. T 

'p2J|&$, Snh. 91 a , v. liasb;— Y, Kil. IX, 32 a v. pax. 

fetlDj jfflN! m. (xaxa^paxxr)?, cataraeta) cataract, 
cascade— K x^aaiBax Y. M. Kat.I, beg. 80 b 'x pix 
'pi Fia. what is your opinion about those cascades ? . 



N$$, v. x^aix. 

n^.y. wi." ,, 

NtfllTJS}, y. xwnax. 

"^ Tanh. Emor. 18, v. pXS.— Y. Sabb. II, 5 b ISS 
'X, read "iiax^ian Gen. B. s. 6. 

V2H& (denom. of "(ax, X551X, Pa.) to /ow»- cilMs or 
cakes (of wax). Y. Sahb. VII, 10 b bot. pip "TO 'XI 'jflrt 
he who forms cakes of wax dust (on a Sabbath). 

"D'Ultf Gen.B.s.56, some ed. 1515X— a corrupt passage, 
prob. to be read: "janx eppm insrt.hVntpa mnx lafflUJ 
las isa. 

D^JiJj m. wi/e's brother or kindred, brother-in-law, 
v. bis." Snh. in, 7 ed. Y.; a. fr. 

1^D^,pt2&^y.'bW. ,'. 

TJIS, VTPMl (N?JN. »TW.) m. (lax) Aired 
»waw, 'laborer J Targ. Job VII, ljV; a. fr,— PI. i^TOgt. 
B. Mets. 76 b sq. (interch. in ed. with. ^lax, corr. ace). ' 

. pD 'PjN, m. pi., a corruption of a geographical 
term, perh. •paiT'BX ('HTisipuiTai) (steeds) of Epyrus. 
Targ. Jer. V, 8 (h. text ta^Ba). 

EJ"U!$ Lam. E. to 1, 21 ; Pesik. Anokhi p. 138 b , v. SIS I. 

fcOJSSi, fcOJnSl m. (v.is, V?i) outside-door, city-gate. 
— P?. T ^ax, -bi-k, B. Bath 8 a XSa '*xV ^Sfl Ar. (ed, 'S«i>, 
all must contribute towards keeping the city gates in 
repair.; B. Mets. 108 a (Ms. M. %). 

"'pTlbjX, v. K|3^u a. "inn. . 

D 5 ^!S! m. (b. h'.; ^St, sec. r. of XVk, cmp. Mn.'-SlS) 
rowwtZed things, raindrops. Hag. 12 b 'St n^S (alius, 
to Job XXXVIII, 28) the upper store in heavens con- 
taining the rains. [V. Var. lect. in Eabb. D. S. a. 1. 
note 200.] 

*]"OJItf read 'pai^X. 

fctrfiP^A f. (t)bs) engraving, setting. Targ. Y. Ex. 
XXXI, 5. T ' ' ........ 

- " n ^J^, v. xgbxia. 

D^I(h.MS; yds, v. taaa, Bia) to be bent, whence 
to be'in grief. Targ. Ps. CXIX, 28. 

D^!S|II m. (b. h.; v. foreg. a. liaax) ant/thing bend- 
ing and peeling, whence 1) leek, or leek-like plants, opp. 
to hffia young grain &c. Kid. 62 b this refers only to 
shahath fc6 '»a tax but not to agam. lb. ^Xhl Sa'iUa ">xa 
Xin 60^X131 Wfflii 'X (Ar. sAxiai) what proof have you 
that agam in this case has the meaning of onion-plants ? 
(Answ. ref. to yraax Is. LVIII, 5).— 2) (b, h.) reed, reed- 
land (juncetum), dwelling places of wild beasts, opp. ttyB 
cultivated land; Taaji. 22 a , .■_ ..... 



*$* 



D|K m. (605) a field which requires chairing in 
order to be made arable , uncleared ground containing 
roots of trees &c. Ab. Zar. 38 a 'fcO "iWt nx fiiSft set fire 
to an uncleared field. Y. ib. II, 44 d bot. D^an 'X a field 
on which palms stood, the roots of which must be 
grubbed up. 

£t&3iS ch. same. Ab. Zar. 38 a '31 'X ilWi his inten- 
tion was merely to clear the ground. 

StHSN m. ch. (blj, v. bast) a depression, stagnant 
water, lake; also marshland, meadow. B. Mets. 36 lj 
'&t1 i6sri the vapors of the meadow; a. fr. 'JO i3p !=Bp 
to cut reeds in the meadow=to be illiterate. Sabb. 95 a ; 
Snh. 33 a — PI. fms, X^aSX. Targ. Is. XXXV, 7 ; a. e.— 
''aSS. Sabb. 77 b 'Sta I'"*! grazes in meadows. 

SSDJISII pr. n. pi. Agma, in Babylon. B. Mets 86 a . 
— B. Bath. 127 a ; Kid. 72 a 'Stl JtlpX Akra d'Agma, v. JJOpN 
Snh. 38 b 'S*1 jnpit (Ar. "nip-H »aJX ; oth. var. v. Bab'b. 
D. S. a. 1. note). 

HD3& <T^?f- (v.- nasi,) esp. Vita nass ('as) grief 
of the T soul. M. T Kat. 14 b ; a.'fr. Ms. M., s. Ar. 'it (ed. 9). 

"P'QJX m. (b. h. "paa:*; v. daxil) reed, cane.— 'Kfi isa 
cawe-iearer , a subordinate executive officer. Y. Sot. 
IX, 24 b top; a. e., v. rvniat. 

liMJN, MiH^X ch. same. Targ. Is. LVIII, 5.— 
Targ. Job. XLj26Ms. (ed.. Xipfil^i 

"jlCJW m.=|iam. Sabb. 145 b ed. 

N3l!Q^N, v. paax ch. 

W3X, N3JN m. (b. h. last, v. ISiiX) 6asm, *e«fe. 
Sabb. T 110 a Kirpirri' 'St a basin filled with cress. Ab.Zar. 
31 a '31 StalSSt 'St Ms. M. (ed. 'tft) a basin-like vessel 
•placed over the opening of the cask. Pes. 45 b .— Ber. 22 a 
StTbl 'Sta in a bath tub.— P£ 'pSS!*, liSSt, .'Jst. Targ. Is. 
LXV, 11.— Pes. 30 b Stllfial 'St the kneading basins of 
Mahuza.— SOMSSt "ittto pr. n. pi. Targ. Jud. IV, 11; 
Y. Meg. I, 70 a bot ffllpT SOijast, later name of DWXS 
foote o/ Kadesh. [B. Earn. 61 b StSISfi "ASK Ms. B., ^powds 
of tte /?eM, v. M1K3 a. SMasO.] 

*OWDj|N, GHTM3N (Var. v. infra) name of a 
Boman general in the days of B. Yoh. b. Zakkai, or of 
B. Gamliel, prob. a corrupt, of blBDiiast QuintuSj or 
eiB" f iaat Quietus; [Graetz: Atticus, v. Monatsschr. 1885 
p. 17 sq.]. Sifre Deut. 351 blB"mst. Y. Snh. I, 19 b top 
61BS5K; ib. c bot. S13131B3St; ib. d top bSSiBSSt. Num. B. 
s. .4 blBMIrt (o^BMIp); Bekh. 5 3 blpriBSlp. [blBSilJK, 
pl33ilp, QWIp seem most probable.] 

I^QMN Y. Ter. VII, 21 b , > 

n^Kv.next.w.- 

*(13' 1 3J!!< f. (agnina, s 
s. 20 Mus. '(ed'. 'miSSS). 

J "1 Wlfct, v. -ntrtrtoj 



pellis) lamb-skin. Gen. B. 



NTOJjN f. 1)=-St3ast. Targ. II Esth. I, 2.-2) (pi) 
protection, 'guard. Num. B. s. 12 ; Midr. Till, to Ps..XCI,2 
mahasi (Ps. 1. c.) means ''Mas* wy guard. 

0^ (Tosef. SMS) m. (bis, bba to swell, v. D4 III, 
cmp. ftlBPi) ^ear, pear-tree. [In oth. Semit dial, except 
Syr., plum, Fl. to Levi Talm. Diet's, v.] Y..Kil. I, 27 a 
bot.; Tosef. ib. 4. Ib. II, 15 (Var. li>aiS).— PJ. b"<bast, 
■pSftSt (b^DSW). Y. Ter. XI, 47 d bot. Kil. I, 4. Tosef. Shebi. 
VII, 16; a!' fr. [Cmp. risst, esp. Cant. VI, 11, where the 
context points to fruits in gen. Cmp. ttjuan.] 

■jiDb^/v.^Bbm ' 

• DTTIDD^ Ar. s. v. inpb^p, read nTOBb&t. 

V-l^pJN, TWtON »• .(«Mpwv s.) /w. 

well-address,' bequest. [Mostly corrupt.] Midr. Till, to 
Ps. LXXXIV. Ib. to Ps. LXXXVL1. Ib. to Ps. XXVII. 
Pesik. Ahare p. 175 ab b^BTlpb; Lev. B. s. .21 S^lBipb, 
read ynotpK (v. Buber to Pesik. 1. c). 

$%& Koh. E. to in, 14, read MB (Mat. K.). 

^JIS (sec. r. of S)B», v. Sjia) to fill up a hole with pitch 
&c. B. Kam. 105 a . 

*$$> ^^ m - (Si* 141 ) '*e moulding or eminence of 
the door frame against which the door shuts, door-stop 
(esp. of door-ways in thick city walls &c. with reference 
to sacred limits in sacrificial law). Pes. VII, 12 'Kh.Jp 
'31 tPitbl the space of the wall inside the door-stop is 
subject to the laws which apply to the space enclosed 
by the wall. Ib. 85 b laXS 'X the stop itself and the 
corresponding space. Y. ib. VII, 35 b t)1iX. 

&]JJN! com. (v. foreg.=!qa; cmp. b. h. bi&SIS) 1) wing, 
pinion.' PI. biBJN; Du. D^SSX. Neg. XIV, i. Gen. E. 
s. 39; a. e.— 2) winged animals ,. poultry. Succ. 42 a — . 
3) arms, shoulders of a human being. Y. Snh. VII, 24 b 
bot. 'Stfi 'paa li'fei i'lai you' might. think the convict 
must be cut through at the arm-pits. Sabb. 129 a hiJil^an 
'31 fYiaWO her mates lift her by her arms. — 4) banks of 
river &c.. B. Kam. 61 a a rivulet which imparts s'bll) 
niaaxb booty (alluvium) to its banks. B. Bath.99 b/ K ibaffl- 
whose embankments have disappeared (washed away). 

N©JX ch. same, wing. Gen. E. s. 75, beg. XlSsa 
'31 MQSX shakes her wings to shake the ashes off. [Targ. 
Bzek.' ij 14, prob. KM!*.]. [B. Bath. 8 a , v. X&5.]— PI. 
X^aax, const. 1Q5X. Targ. Cant. V, 11. Cmp. sttrta, XSS. 

n&JN, v. naari. 

"lJ!l$I"(b. h., y~i\v.-ni) to gather, collect. Y.Yoma 
III,41 aT top (expl. agartle, Ezr. I, 9). Y. Bice. I, 63 d bot. 
'31 "isiit XiriBJitstoresupitsoil, (doesnot-let it trickle out), 
v. n *iiJX ; Ber. 39 a '31 f\i!k 13a2) its. oil remains stored up. 
— Y. Nid. Ill, beg. 50 c top "MX. hi blood coUected in 
one place. — Trnsf. to store up thoughts, arguments. Sifre 
Deut. 16 (play on g'ero Deut. I, 16) biiai liVs laixffl W 
that means him who heaps arguments up against him 
(his opponent in litigation). Ex. B. s. e-'iliai W 115!* 



15» 

Ittfl (Var. iai81fl Pi.) he is called Agur (Prov. XXX, 1) 
because he collected words of the Law (stored up know- 
ledge); Koh. R. beg. ri"ia 111883 because he was stored 
(or girded , v. 118 II) with knowledge. Cant. E. to' I, 1 
end. [Sabb. 60 a ni!18 ed., v. 118.] 

Nif. 1183 to 6e gathered; Num. E. s. 20 beg. (play on llil 
Num. XXII, 3) bniISS T"1183 "t-ll and they were gathered 
to their towns (for defence). 

Sif. 'Win,' to store wp. Tosef. Dem. I, 10 niiiiian 
the store-keepers' places; v. nilia, nilia. 

""W^.I ch. same; Pa. 118 to heap up, Targ. Y. Deut. 
I, 16 '31 IlKal (ed. Vien. 1MB-) who heaps up litigar 
tions, v. foreg. [Targ. Ps. CIV, 7 llias Ms., v. 13?.] 

"I^II (l/"l8, v. lin). 1) to gird, arm. Midr. Prov. 
to XXX, 1 VS5n 'KB who girded his loins for wisdom; 
Yalk. Prov. a. 1. Part. pass. 1118, v. 15X1. 2) to halt, 
whence part. f. iTnai&t (sub. "p3&) a knife having inden- 
tations which catch the passing nail of the examiner. 
Hull. 17 b .— *3) to occupy space. B.Bath 14 a (intercharging 
with 538 q. v.). 

"I^SSl II (118) C|/"a», akin to 13fi; v. foreg.) prop, to 
tie, whence to Aire, employ, rent. Targ. Gen. XXX, 1,6} 
a. fr — Koh; E. to IV, 6 ; Lev. E. s. 3 beg. (prov.) '81 
'31 Wl he who rents one garden will eat birds; him who 
rents gardens, the birds will eat. Git. 73 a insa 1118 they 
hired boatsmen. Snh. 73 a i1il8 Ilia to hire help. Y.Taan. 
I,64 b b0t.8miJl Ilia hiring prostitutes. B.Mets.79 a ; a.fr. 

Af.~im l)same. Targ. Y. Deut. XXIII, 5 (4).— B. Mets. 
77 a (interch. with Pe.) 11118 11118 (iH18) engages 
laborers. — 2). to rent out, lease. Erub. 63 b "^filial "jS 1118 
lease to us thy property. Y. Dem. VI, 25 b top. Y. Taan. 
I, 64 b hot. ilan ni1118 I hired my ass out. 

Ithpa. IIPPX, I%e.llPiiSi(contr. of I18ni8)"to be hired, 
to work as a laborer. Targ. 0. Deut. XXIII, 25 ; a. e.— 
Yoma 20 b (prov.) '31 man ix (combine into one w.) 
when thou hast hired thyself out to one, comb his 
wool (shrink from no labor). 

iJsSlII, sSfw&'il rn- (foreg.) rent, wages; reward, 
profit. "Targ. Gen. XV, 1; a. fr.— B. Mets. 63 b nib 133 '8 
compensation for waiting (giving time for delivery), i. e. 
advancing the money to the seller. lb. 68 b '3 '83 X15B 
half profit or loss. lb. 69 b 81161 '8 payment for carrying 
freight, and indemnity to the boatsmen in case of wreck. 
Y. M. Kat. II, 81 b top 831pl 'X profit and principal (cost- 
price).— Y. B. Mets. II, 8 C top 8a5S 'pin 1=3 '8a than all 
profit this world can offer. — 2) that ivhich deserves reward, 
meritorious deed. Ber. 6 b 8E>mi 8p1iB1 '8 the merit in 
attending a lecture lies in running [to it] (anxiety to. 
hear it). [118, 8118 staff , pole, v. 118.] 

• i;K, &0.1N roof; *nij« 'letter, v. «w.' 

NHJ^II pr. n. m. Agra, father-in-law of E. Abba; 
father 'of E. Y'hudah. Hull. 104 b ; 134 a . Nid. 53 a . 

tTTOUnext.w, 



.D'jQ^JSS; (freq. fiia1118) m. (a corrupt, of ayopavo- 
[aox, v. &ia.i3iil8) agoranomos , corresponding to the 
Soman cedilis, market commissioner, gauger, &c. Ab. 
Zar. 58 a "nil '8 (itVD, Ms. V. '8 ill) a gentile agoran.^- 
B. Kam. 98 a 8SHB '8 an Arabian agoran.— B. Bath. 89 a 
'31 '8 'pliaSa Ar. (ed. ^a — plur.) an agoran. may be 
appointed for superintending measures, but not for fixing 
the prices.— PI. "pallia B. Bath. 1. c (v. supra). [Pesik. 
Asser p. 96 a 8SHB '85 (sing.)Ar. (ed.&laiininb read '85, 
cmp. Yalk. Ps. 729).]— b1a^118 Sifra K'doshim ch.VIII; 
cmp. Y. B. Bath. V, 15 a bot,' [Oth. corrupt, v. Pesik, 

TlSjit, TlSrit f. (1181, Pi; cmp. 11118) (grain) fit 
for storage, of superior quality. Y. Maas. Sh. IV, beg. 
54 a '3i ninaffln 5S '8n }-a T'rumah may betaken from 
the stored-up wheat for the wheat which has to be quickly 
disposed of, or vice versa. Y. Peah. II, 17 a '31 11118 ; ijtn 
(read 11118). Y. Naz.,V, 54 a 11118 n83a31 ninni!) (corr. 
ace.) from dark colored wheat (inferior), andfound.it 
was igg'ru (superior). [E. Simson to Peah II, 5 quotes 
11118; El. W. in Sh'noth El. ibid. niil8.] [B. Bath. V, 6 
has nJ35 white, pure for our w.] 

TUstf,' v. ia|i{3iiilii8. 

"'DTIJN m. pi. (a corrupt, of ial51118, cmp. Dia1118 
a. next, art.) costum-collectors, (cmp. Sm. Ant. s. v. Ago- 
ranomos). Gen. E. s. 75 ed. (Ar. ia11i8). 

yrMk, v. 1158. . 

]toin^,v.next.w. 

&iD 1 ji"lJ!S(corr.'iJill8),contr.&ia1518m.(ayopavo- 
fxoc) agoranomos, market-commissioner; v. &iail!8 a. 
iail!8. Y. Dem. II, 22 c top 5111 '8 TTtVO the agor. was 
an influential man. Y. Ab. Zar. IV, 44 b top. Lev. E. . 
s. 1 ',laillll8 (corr. ace). Y. B. Bath. V, 15 a bot. '138 
(twice); a. fr. 

^"HJiSSt m. (b. h., fc)11; cmp. XpalW) fist; fig. power, 
usurpation. Kel.XVII,l2. Ex. E*. s.'l.— '8 5Sa mighty, 
violent. Y. Peah. VII, 20 e top; v. infra.— Sot. 41 b SS1118 
nS13n 5113 the power of sycophancy. — Pi*. diElllX, "p&iil^i 
Kid. 76 lj '31 '8 15SS5 the men of power of the house of 
David; Snh. 49 a . Pes. 53 b '8 5Sa a -strong, violent man 
(opp. nai 8151 a great man). 

^""S'nJK (WSTO) pr. n. pi. Agrippina, one 
of the signal stations for announcing the New-Moon, 
prob. a tower or height near Csesarea Philippi, enlarged 
by Agrippa II. R. Hash. II, 4 (22 ,J ) '8a . '. '85 Ms. M. 2, 
Mish. Nap. (ed. '15 . . . 'la; Y. ed. . . 'Qiliaj.v. Eabb. 
D. S. a. 1. note 4). 

* pt^sS Koh.E. to 1, 18 read |illi3X or pl._1i3illiS8. 
Cmp. "pli-JOHX. T ' ' 

ll^ 11 !^, ']i r T&t m. '(«Ypio«, neut.or. ace.) wild 
(opp. lilia h 8 q. v.);' rough. Gen. E. si 7*7 ; Cant. E. to 
III, 6 '8 ais, Num. E, s, 11 (refer, tq Gen. Ill, 8)' Saw 



o^cnaa 



iji* 



<X Vlprt after sinning, Adam heard the divine voice as 
a harsh one. Cant. E. to III,. 7 (oorr. ace). Pesik. E. 
s. 15 '31 'X t|S1i . . . (leave out hebr. words as glosses to 
explain the Greek). 

tfaCTUa, v. s^wix. 

. SB^fcUiext. w. " ' 

OB^'H^X pr. n. m. ('Afpiiruai;) Agrippa, 1) the last 
but one Herodian king of Judsea. Sot. VII, 8. Lev. E. 
s. 3; a. fr. — 2) a captain of the former. — Ab. Zar. 55 a 
'X )>W 80S Itii XS^IIX Ms. M. (v. Eashi a. 1. a. Eabb. 
D. S. a. 1. note). 

. Cflp"H3N,.v. sip^ix. - 

* fcWlJM, T. Git. T, 47 b 'X 15-n, read Xl"«111 X11->1, 
v. "o^li-ia. 

arm v. m** 

ttp&m v. wabaix. ■ 

*&*lS~l^ m. (fjqpacpoO unwritten. Y. E. Hash. 
I, 57 a bot7 ! 'X ball 01X^&3. X1S, cmp. Ar. h.'v,, a. s. v. 
SlX^ba (ed.&iS^S IS Wall IX) irapa (3o»iXI<D4- 6" ^6|X04 
SypafOS, for the king the law is unwritten (i. e. the 
king may disregard his own law). Ley. E. s. 35, beg. • 
quot. in Ar. (missing in ed.). 

' n~)»i&$ pr. n. f. Igrath, name of the queen of demons 
Pes. lll' a SiblX 'X (an incantation). lb. 112 a . Num. E 
s. 12- Cmp. SCPM. 

rn3N, rriiPsSl f.(b.h. 'IX; 113, to join, v.esplSnh. ll b ; 
'31 nwi uAui'l) taWei, fetter, &We/, document. Git. IX, 3 
(formula of a letter of divorce) 'Dl.EJll ... 'XI . . . ISO. lb. 
85 b nils xbx...nil.iX....xbl, one must not write (in the 
letter of divorce) egereth with "W which might mean 
roo/ (v. ISi!*), but &c. Keth.64 a ; Y.Kid.I, 59 a bot. 110 'X 
a document stating a wife's disobedience. T.Meg.IV, 75 b 
top ; Y. Snh. 1, 1 9 b top nilp^a 'X a document fixing the value 
of a property, v. ni13X.— P£.!TilSX, hiial*. M. Kat.III, 3 
hUBI itij 'X secular, social correspondence, opp. religious 
correspondence; cmp. Y. ib. 82 a bot.; [commentaries: 
documents of secular government, v.riTOl]. Ib.; B. Mets. 1, 8 
■jlta. 'X B1U3 'X documents relating to legal assessment 
and to alimony. 

^"ia^ch.same;v.Xl;l^. 

©A<S, Lam. E. to. I, 21; Pesik. Anokhi p. 138 b , v. TO. 
MPS insep. conjunct. 1) (=~1 13; cmp. "X) prop, until 
that; by the time that; hence, while, when, in the place 
of. Hag. 5 a 1UTT1X when he was young.— Hull. 1.05 b , 
a. fr. WIS or *Otr\ iSSilx in the meanwhile. Pes. 113 a 
.'31 *pS13X xbfilx while the travelling dust is yet on 
thy knees, sell thy goods. Snh. 33 b l^p' 1 *11plalX 
while thy fire-place is lit. B.Mets. 81 a , a.fr/3lisn*6— iirilx 
in place of stating A let him state B, and A. would be 
implied. — 2) (="1 to) as regards — , in relation to 
the statement &c.' of—. Keth. 2l a masi mix on (the 



testimony) of one who was with him. B. Bath. 159 lj , 
a. fr. XSIIX xail X^lUp there is a contradiction between 
(one opinion) of Eaba and another opinion of Eaba; 

B.Mets. 18 a fiailX of Eabbah (not to be confounded 

with xailX q. v.). Meg. 20 a W1X in relation to. (the 
reading of the Book of Esther) in day-time. 

lfc$ m. (b. h., an apocopated form of SIX, cmp. SIT, 
XtVPIX, 1X5) vapor, cloud. Gen. E. s. 13 (homil. etym.). 
'31 p^X laiffl Xlhffl IX cloud is called ed (destroyer) 
because it breaks the ed (distress of scarcity) looked for- 
ward to i>y the speculators in the market. V. I'W, 

fcHstfl, &n!"J f. (v. Xfi) this, that. Y. Bef. Ill, end, 
7 a , a. T fr. 'X XT! Xlfi -X^rt max X1!l this shows that 
this is like that, i. e. all the same. Y. Brub. IV, end, 
22 a ; a. fr. 

fcHN II (NTX) pr. n. m. (v. XIX IV) Ada-1) name 
of several Amoraim; (v. Frankel Meb. Y. p. 61 b ). 
Y. Ter. X, 47 b bot. Pes. 80 a ; a. fr.— Most prominent 
among them B. Ada bar Ahaba or Ahava. Y. Taan. Ill, 
end, 67 a ; Bab. ibid. 20 b ; a. fr.— 2) A. xV"1, xbtfn (at- 
tendant of scholars). B. Kam. 119 a . Num. E. s. 9.— 
3) a slave. Kid. 70 b . 



Xjtflll'i 



ia, v. xiia n, s 



S'l^IV' m. (b. h. trpt; cmp. b. h. 1$ prey, a. I^X 
destruction) fowler, one who puts up baits, snares &c. for 
other people's doves. Snh. 25 a (explain, mafrihe yonim, 
Mishn.) 'X lax— '1 Ms. M. a. Oxf., a. Ar. (ed. XIX; 
v. Eabb. D. S. a. ]., a. Ar.) E— says, the Mishnah means a 
fowler (to be disqualified as witness &c). 

"OSHX Sabb. 35 b , v. ^lilX. 

b&Clltf Y. Maas. Sh. IV, 54 d top, v. ^31X1. 

S>S"[N, !^3?3"7!S f. (h. S3SX) finger. Targ. Y. Num. 
XIX, 4; a. e. T ' ' ' 

(STlitf Ar., (X11X ed.) m. (J/1X, v. 11!$, cmp. in, 
lln, pin &c.) fish-bone sticking in the throat. Sabb. 67 a 
'31 'xb against a fish-bone in the throat,. say this spell. 
[For 11 a. 11 cmp. X111X.] 

D71M Cant. E. to IV, 8, v. ''Il ch. 

fflS, Y. Kil. IV, 29 b , bot., read XIX I (cmp. Y. Erub 
I, 19 c bot. '31 hin a. corr. ace.) 

^mHv.-ix. 

XfflTlN, XSnnK f. (Syr. KB-H xni>11P. S. 933, 
311 to sweat, drip; cnip. IX) prop, sweat, xail 'X foam 
of the Sea. B. Bath. 4 a ; Succ. 51 b (Ms. M. xnilix) the 
Temple building of marble looks like a surging Sea (from 
a distance). Cmp. XSg^llX a. ilX. 

■orix, y. }*». 

DlnS!< m., nanx if. (b.h.tnx, naix; oai) red, Cmt. 
E. to VII, 3, 'X rasWred rose '(euphern. for menstrua- 
tion).— 'X niS red cow, used for purification ceremonies 



n $1$ 



(Num. XIX). Ab. Zar. 24 a ; a. fr.— Lam. E. to IV, 5, v. 

nrvfcpj— PZ. dwx, niaiix; Y. Suoc. II, 53 d , v. biaix — 
Gen. E. s. 89 ; a. fr. 

DTIiSl (b. h. SIX) 1) pr. n. m.' Edom, surname of 
Esau, sou of Isaac; mostly used as a nom.gentil. Edomite, 
Edomite nation.— 2) fern. (sub. mate) Borne, Roman 
government (owing to the dependence of Herod on Home). 
Ex. B. s. 35; a. fr. Ibid. 'X rYD^a; a. fr. [In subsequent 
ages: Christianity.] 

"D"nS| m. (b. h. iaix) Edomite, Idumean. Keth. 30 a 
'XI ">""iXa "fllBS iS^M the laws of intermarriage with 
Egyptians and Edomites as implied in Deut. XXIII, 8. — 
Pes. Ill, 1 'Xrt yuTl Idumean vinegar; a. e. — Snh. 12 a 
ri>n 'X )mrt i&l Ar. a. Ms. M. (later ed. under censorial 
influences i»1X, v. Eabb. D. S. a. 1. note) and that 
Edomite (disguise for Roman government, v. foreg.) would 
not permit them. — Fern, f^aiix. — PI. waiix. Keth. 64 b 
'X "pTlSffl Idumean barley. 

"pl^m., const. Thst (b. h.; Ill) lord, judge. Hag. 3 b 
&ittJSari T te 'X Lord of all creatures. T. Kid. IV, beg. 65 b 
(allud. to Adon, pr. n., Neh. VH, 61) 'X 'fX 'p )*>X there 
is no justice and no judge. Gen. B. s. 89 (play on Ear, 
Is. XXX, 23) 'X iT>p Kyri (xupioc) means Lord. 

TOl"!^ f. mistress. Gen. E. s. 89 ini'hs dS* Spii 1SBSS 
Joseph suffered while being with his mistress. lb. s. 98 
(play on ben porath Gen. XLIX, 22) '31 'x\ 1SrtU5 p the 
youth that broke (defeated the plans of) his mistress; 
the youth whom his mistress broke (having him put in 
prison). lb. (play on vay-mar'ruhu Gen. ib. 23) lartUJ p 
'21 the youth who made life bitter to his mistress (v. 
vers. Mat. K. a. 1.). 

fcWnit Tosef. Kel. B. Mets. VIII, 6, ed., v. X311XIII. 

"WX, v. JttWTlS. 

■ "'I'l'"^' " l "] ; nn^ m. pi. (Tin) procession. xa^3 'X a 
procession in which an idol is carried. Y. Ab.Zar. III,43 b 
bot.; T. Ber. II, 4 b TobiS TIX; Y. Sliek. II, end, 47 a 
Xa^S X1HX1 (read '31 illlX); Midr. Sam. ch. XIX 
BibYr-llfi Xa^3(?). . 

anris, v . xmix. ■ 

"HiSi (^l" 1 , b. h. nin) Zo swing, throw, pitch. Snh. 7 a , 
v. xh]L B. Kam. 22 a ; Bets. 39 a i*ftx Sl^lX he threw it 
off.B.Kam.98 a 'X fiiilX he pitched it outof his neighbor's 
hands. 

KHN Y. Maasr. I, 49 b prob. XJ1X or NfflSfT. Y. 
Sabb. HI, 6 b top. 

Tn"n?S read yhW*. 

XWW f.01S=h.«*$h) sprinkling (for purification). 
Targ/NumfxiX, 13 (Var. XW1X; h. text ,112!). Targ. 
Ezek. XXXVI, 25 XtVTtX. '. 



l* 1 " 1 "!^ (=T??5; 1!*=1?- a. T^Tri; h. ilSSl IS) wwZJZ 
now; whence, still, yet; as yet. Y. Ber. IV, 8 a bot. 'XI 
lib nx 'pX art thou not yet up to this, i. e. dost thou 
not yet understand it? Y. Taan. II, 65° bot. ltf> nx 'X.. 
Y. Git. IX, end, 50 d "*b HX 'XI art thou still at that point, 
i. e. dost thou still ask? Y. Peah I, 15 c ; Y. Kid. I, 61 b 
top '31 ^Sdb 'XI and yet he has hardly come up to half 
the honor due to parents. 

^"l&v.ilX. 

"b^Nl m. pi., dialect, for ^ns. B. Bath. 74 b , v 

x^nix*. ' " 

fctEPliS; m. ch. (=h. biix) red, full of sap, fresh. 
Bets. 24 b ", Bashi; v. however, blSi. 

'J^'liS!ch.(=h.'nx, IX; l^-l=h.-t) atthattime,thereupon.. 
Dan. II,' 15; 17; 19.— 'IX? at the same time, forthwith. 
Ibid. 14; 35.— 'X ■)» from that time. Ezra V, 16. 

■Vfm^ v. wf «m. 

M^ v. xiwiix. 

pn& p^i», v. P ^. 

"P'W m. (b. h.; 11X); distinguished, glorious, mighty. 
—PI. tpiix. Men. 53 a . 

"H'Wj NH" 1 ^ ch. same. Targ. 0. Ex. XV, 6; a. fr. 

*!tfT'7N! m.="m, rim, border. Y. Sabb. Ill, 5 d bot. 
leaned a vessel X113M 'xV(Var. X*mxb) against the rim 
of a heated store. 

ttJ'H&J, v. Iffll ch. 

Y'"!^ Aiafcfc, substitute of bpft (Dan. V, 25) by per- 
mutation of letters called ffi"3.n"X q. v. Snh. 22 a . Cant. 
E. to III, 4 d5X (corr. ace). 

"O'lStf, v. XSTftX. ■ ■ 

FTO*]!^, ^"©"Iltf f. (151) 1) mention, esp. in- 
vocation of the Lord , Divine Name. Y. Ber. IV, 8 a top 
H151X yiiisa Xim Xlh to for each benediction an in- 
vocation. E. Hash. 18 b X!"il=lX riiiBS the use of the 
Divine Name in legal documents was abolished. — 2) (=b. h. 
rnsix) memorial offering. Targ. 0. Lev. II, 2; a. e. 

1"l3"Wl > NffllSlNl f. (v. foreg.) remembrance, 
mention. Targ. Ps. XXXJ 5 Ms, Ti . . .; ed. m*i . . . 

b 1 !^, b 1 ']^, b"l^m. (yiX, IS dial.=in, 15; cmp. 
1SI, Xi'iail, bliri) garden-cress, summer-savory. Tosef. 
Shebi.V,'li'(ed. Zuck. >1X). Ukts. HI, 4 'S>. Y. Shebi. 
VII, 37 c bot. iftS; ib. 37 b bot. rtlS (corr. ace.) 

fij^"]^ f- (=^^1^) lighting. PI. nipilX. Y. Shebi. 
VH, beg.' 37 b 'X ^i' sorts of plants used for lighting 



T1S 



DIN, v 



24 b n 



e.] 



. [v. Eabb. D. S. to Ab. Zar. 3 



', Bets. 



DIN (b. h.; yen, v. dai) [fo 6c viscous, thick, dark] 
to be red, grow red. 

Pi. bl8 to redden, make red. Y. Sabb. VII, 10 C top 
.0118 b183il he who produces a red spot (congestion 
of blood, on a Sabbath). 

Hif. tfni&n 1) (b. h.) to be, grow red. Num. B. s. 9 
(p. 231 b ed. Amst.) nal8a (finifl) if she was red-faced. 
Hull. 53 b ; a. fr.— 2) to cause to blush, put to shame (usu. 
•paVi-l). Num. B. s. 4 (p. 218 d ed. Amst.) (play on 1319 
dill*).— Par*; b->i8a the planet Mars. Sabb. 156 a .— Part, 
flb/". b18a, b118a. Y. Sabb. VII. 10 c top dia18a dyed red. 

DIN m. (b. h.) man, pr. n. m. Adam, frequ. ynuain '8 
(abbr. T 1",18). Gen. B. s. 17; a. fr.— !=© 11&S, 1".181 81BB 
1"!18 the (allegorical) book of Adam containing all 
generations and their leaders from beginning to resur- 
rection, i. e. destinies of humanity. Ex. E. s. 40 beg. B. 
Mets. 85 b bot. 

. D1& SOTS, aTO m. ch. (=b1, t 8al) Wood 
Targ/l Chron. XXII, 7 T ; a." e.— Y. Maas. Sh. V, 56 d top 
!-Pa18 &6aia to mix its (the bird's) blood. Git. 47 a ; v. 
bmil. PI. 'p»18. Targ. I Chr. 1. c; a. e. 

D'lQ'l^. m. (b.h.) reddish. Y. Succ.HI, 53 d '8 W8 
■ dianadtt! which of the red colors is called adamdam? 
— Shebu. 6 a reddish leprosy (Lev. XIII, 42); a. e. 

"3J01D1N m. pi. (bal) lumps of dripping grapes. 
Gen. B..'s.'34, end '8 S"rt "f^ai 838 we make for it a 
dough of &c, v. nwaiai, ni*3aiai. 

S1D1N f. (b. h., prob. fr. Sal, cmp. foreg.; thick and 
moist) [earth], clay. Gen. E. s. 14 the potter takes sand 
(IBS) which is male (masc. gender) and clay (!ia18) 
which is female (fem. gender).— Sabb. VIII, 5 '31 BjiTD '8 
as much clay as is required for a seal on bag-knots. 
[For the meaning of the phonetic equivalents of our w. 
in other Semit. tongues, v. Ges. H. Diet. s. v.] 

rPDIQlN f. (D18) redness. Hull. 87 b a. e. '8 nana 
reddish color. 

T1Z31N pr. n. m. Admon, one of the justices of the 
peace in Jerusalem. Keth. XIII, 1.— lb. 105 a Wll ',3 '8. 

"^IDIN m. (b. h., 618) ruddy, gold-colored, esp. with 
refer, to hair. Y. Ned. I, 36 d bot. 

"PIN pr. n. pi. Adami (Josh. XIX, 33). Y. Meg. I, 70 a 
bot. "pal '81 Adami changes into Damln. 

NfrDliS., NH21N f. ch. (=h. rai8) earth. Targ. 

0. Gen.'ll, 5; a. fr.' * 

TIN m. (b. h., v. 50118III; YV> "^ base, pedestal 
PI. bVl8. Y. Sabb. VII,' 10 d top; Babl. ib. 98 b . Y. Shek. 

1, 45 d bot. 

TIN, N3 t 1N, v.™. 

N31N, v! ^8. 
"P.^IN m - P L ( a Babyl. corrupt, of l&vip^oi, v. 



8p318 P. Sm. 40) cfcie/a o/ <W6es. ' Hull. 60 b p)>W '8 
naan Ar. (ed. ip3118, Mus. ip31l8) the six tribes had 
only five chiefs (v. Josh. XII, 3). Ib. '31 '8 aih3 record 
the word '8 in thy lecture notes (as a foreign word) and 
explain it. 

iVDIN f.C)il8) lordship, authority. Gen.E.s. 93; a.e. 

"31b* ni. (b. h. plur. excellent) the Lord, Adotiai. 
Gen. E. s. 17; Koh. E. to VII, 23. 

n 31N ("DDN), nito '8 m. pi. name of a mythical 
animal, orangoutang^). Kil. VII, 5, defined Y. ibid. 31 c 
bot. 11»1 B3 13 mountain-man, brought forth by the 
mountain and drawing nourishment from the ground 
(cmp. Job V, 23). Koh. E. to VI, 11. 

■"31N, ^3N1N Sabb. 35", v. A 

D*3YHQ "01N, read b^l'iia "018, v. ■pi's a, 1318. 

PIN ( yis«, v. pi", pin) *o s^weeze into, /asfew. 
Part. pass. p!|l8, pi. dip118, "pp-IIS 1) fastened to. B. 
Bath. 77 b la ■ppTlSMBa Ms. M. (ed. "1X3) when the mules 
are attached to the wagon; cmp. b3I3 a. bpM — 2) (cmp. 
W18 s. v. ins) holding fast. B. Mets. 7 a b sq. 

pi?* ch. same, (nent. v.) to be fastened, stick to. 
Targ. Lam. IV, 8.— Part. pass. pi18, attached, Heaving to. 
Targ. Ps. XXII, 16 -)> '8 Ms. (ed. p">al8). Targ. Ex. 
XXVIII, 28 ; a. e. ' • • 

Pa. p18 1) to fasten to, to cause to take hold. Targ. 
Y. Deut. XXVIII, 21.— 2) to seize, take hold of. Ibid. 
v. 45 "|1231p18">l (ed. Vien. a. oth. 'p19"il corr. 1 for 1). 

Ithpa. p18h8 to join, cling to. Targ. Job. XLI, 9; 
15 (Ms. paTH). 

PIS m. clepsydra, v. pi8. 

* flNblplK, "pN^pIN Cant. E. to I, 11 p >& 
ra^lfi (Var. 'p 18i>) a gloss inserted in the text, and 
which read ba^in 13 8^8 8pl1 1Kb 'not to be taken 
literally' (that theDivine Word kissed every Israelite &c), 
'but he made them so imagine'. 

"T1S (b. h., j/i8; cmp. 1.1, in, 11 in 11h, lin, 111) 
fo cut off, surround, isolate; whence 1) (b. h.) to distin- 
guish—Den. ~rm. 2) (Assyr. v. Tjx) to darken.— 3) Ho 
strip, cmp. 119.— B. Kam. ll a (ref" to 19 Ex. XXII, 12, 
v. 19 in H. Diet.) 1"ab fllllS XtfF Ar. (ed. i11!|19, v. 119; 
Ms. SilllX., corr. ace.) let him bring the stripped (the 
remnants of the torn animal, skin &c.) before court for 
assessment of damages. 

"llfft ch. same; v. X11X, 811!*, 831118. 

Pa. 118 to distinguish. Snh. 63 b (play on Adram- 
melekh II Kings XVI, 31) '31 fi^ '81 (the mule) that 
gives distinction to its owner when travelling. 

"lib* ("llbf) m. (b. >, Assyr. the cloudy; v. Fred. 
Delitzsc'h, The Hebr. Lang. p. 15) Adar, the twelfth 
month of the Jewish calendar, containing twenty nine, 
days, and varying between the eleventh of February 



*tt», 



and the twenty eighth of March. In. leap years : 1TOX1 'X 
First Adar, of thirty days duration between the thirty 
first of January and the tenth of March; ^31i3 'X Second 
Adar,. of twenty nine days, between the second of March 
and the eighth of April. Targ. II Esth. IX, 29 ; a. fr — 
Meg. I, 4; a. fr.— PI. tPIIX, 'pllx. B. Hash. 19 b . 

'^% ^T#> $"}% $1™ m. (HX.IlDv.llX) 
a-place -cut- off, .circle (omp.ni^T), whence threshing place, 
barn; also the grain piled up in the barn for threshing; 
cmp. yya. Targ. Hos. II, 11 'X p^sa at the season of 
its being- piled up; a. fr.— Gen. R. s. 63 the shovel "p&NI 
"»K which upturns the grain in the barn (=prayer avert- 
ing' evil decrees). lb. (play on mix Gen. XXV, 25) 
'Xa Bp3 like chaff from the barn. Ruth R. to in, 3 
'X Xtia^pX "pipA where didst thou put up the barn? — 
PI. SJ1«, 111X &c. Dan. II, 35. Targ. I Sam. XXIII, 
1 ; a. e. ' Cant. R. to Til, 3 (homilet. "rendition of pX 
mt>n Cant. 1. c.) nimxl 'X a rounded place (cmp. plS, Sill) 
of enlightenment, i. e. hall of the Sanhedrin. [With X or 
5. rejected:- ill ">a. Taan. 3 b . B. Mets. 73 a .] 

nia i or tw, ntwi, a"Hw.m.(v.iix3) S £;«, 

Mtfe, 'leather-bag. Y. Mais' Sh. IT,' 55 c xniin llx hide 
of a co w. lb. SttSrfi (Xia) X11X ; Lam. R. to 1, 1 (Wt in 2) 
ptll 11X Ar. (ed. Ill) a hide stuffed with straw. Y. 
Sbebi.V, 36 a top 'SI xa^sn p^XI 'X the leather of these 
bottles is distinguishable from the leather of those.' — • 
PI. xn^iisix. Shebu. 29 b seam 'X 1&^n Ar. (ed. xnmis; 
Ms. P. xhlilX, v. Rashi a. 1.) thirteen bagfuls of straw; 
Ned. 25 a . . , - 

™iIh,tfT^II : oraTpSJl ch. m. (v. 11X) 
[thick-leaved, dark] i) a cedar species, prob. Spanish Jun- 
iper. R. Hash. 23 a X11X (B) 0111p ixa Ms. M. (ed. blinp) 
what is kedros (xkopoz)? Adara. Snh. 108 b what is 
gofer? '31 lax s6itt) '1 iai mils lax.ai.Ar.. a Ms. . PI. 
(v. Rabb. D. S. a. 1.); «mp. Gen. R. s. 31; Yalk. Gen. 51. 
—Bets. 15 b ">3Vi1x SB'' let him plant an edar (allud. to 
addir &c, Ps. XCIII, 4); '31 Sfist i"X or adara as its 
(popular or Chald.) name is; as people say, it is called 
adara because it lasts for generations (XlTX). Git. 69 b 
'X SpBX leaves of ad. lb. 'XT soa decoct thereof. — 
2 ,) S*11X fig-tree. Targ. II, Esth. Til, 9 (to which 
perhaps belongs. Git. 1. c). 

Nnn^II nr. (v. 11X,' cmp. Ges. H. Diet. s. v.) flag 
of a ship.' B, Bath. 73 a (for b. h. 05); Ms. M. X1X1X(v. 
Rabb.D. S. a. 1.). 

*Sn"Ti< Sabb.- 67 a ,. v. X11X.— X11X B. Mets. 26 a , read 
with Rashi X111X v. X111X.' 

^I^N, nS"!^ (contr. of nail to, v. -IX) turn 
to the stronger side, whence as a dialectic term, on the 
contrary. Pes. 28 a , a. fr. Xianoa xaa^X 'X on the con-, 
trary, the reverse stands to reason. lb. 77 a 'X Xi^ax rtlfl 
I might have said, 'On the contrary' &c; a. fr. [Not to 
be confounded "with xaiix,' naiix, v. -IX.] 

!tf22 jlNm. (oSpauXr)?, hydraula) player on the 
hydrau'lis, 'organist— PI. piaiix. Gen. R. s. 50 piaiai 'X 



'31 there are organists and flute players in the land (or 
organs and cymbals, v. next w.), and such a land should 
be destroyed? [Comment.— Perh. to be read j' 1 l=a" , 1"iX.] lb. 



i '31 pblSI 



x ('a^i 



».). 



& 1 bD~!'lN,,&''b3'T , ~llS! (trnsp.) m. (88paoXt;) water- 
organ. Y. s'ueo. T,'55 c bbt! '11X 'fti SJ1S.' lb. 'X n">.1 tib 
'31 there was no organ used in (the) Jerusalem (Temple) 
because it interferes with the sweetness (melody of the 
song).— PI. "pVniTX; v. foreg. Cmp. b^llin. 

^"^"Tl^. m- PL (v. Schr. K. A. T. p. 617 sq.; cmp. 
11X a. iu)' title of high officers. Dan.. Ill, 3: Cant. R. 
to Til, 9 X131&1X 'X adarg. means governors. 

X2D l"l J&S pr. n. gent. Adroma (Southern) for b. h. 
XaTn. Targ. I Chr. I, 30. ..... 

X5>i"nK=Stt'pT. Targ. Y. Num. VI, 19v . 

Ip'S MlsSl m. (&8po>7ctx<5<;) suffering from dropsy. 
Lev. R. s. 15 ("var. corrup.); Yalk. Lev. 554. lb.- Job. 916 
"TOX (cmp. &151111X a. '15X). 

*S^ri ; l"l*]^ f. (lis) gloryj distinction. Ber. 56 b top : 
(oneirocritic'al play on Adar) Wiia 'xa thou shalt die 
in glory. [Cmp. Y. Maas Sh. IT, end, 55 c ; Lam. R. to 
I, l ('»*>na in).] ' ■ 

SWpTX (=XinitX; tit) diligently, quickly. Ezra 
Til, 23.' ' . 

&lD(S' 1 l*]X=&i3^^x. Tanh. B'resh.,7; a. fr. 

1 n 'Q2iS" l 11^ Deut. R. s. 1, interpret. tnaiS5-(n Sam. 
Till, 14) read ■piiB'lB&X, as Targ. a. 1. 

DN 1 "}"]!^ m. ('A8pia<;) Adriatic Sea. Tanh. B'resh. 7 
blJiiplX^ 'X ^a between the Adriatic Sea and the Medi- 
terranean. 

^Titf,&q^ntf,.v.a™. 

OTE33T 1 *nX, v. t3 i iBi5i"n.3x a. biajsm-ix. 

Oi3^"l*l^, bi^^^^pr.n.m.Badnow.theRoman: 
emperor (117 to 138) under whom the insurrection of 
Bar Kokhba occurred; freq. mentioned with the im- 
precation niass'pniB.' Deut. R.s. 3; a. fr. T. WSXiflX. 

OTG]]" 1 "'"!"!^, v. e^siTnix a. GiBaxi-iiax. 

""^t" 1 !^' " 1 ^T" l in ™. Sadrianic, 1) of the town 
Adria or 'Hadri'a in' fenetia. Ab. Zar. H, 3 "n Bin (Y. 
Mish. a.- Gem. 'X) earthen ware of Adria (forbidden 
for use on account of some unknown connection with, 
idolatry, perh. suspected to have been used as wine 
vessels before they were offered for sale;. v. infra).— 
2) referring to Hadrian, Sadrianic. lb, 32 a explain. 
'in bin 'earthen vessels soaked with wine, and distrib- 
uted in pieces, by order of Hadrian, among the soldiers 
to be diluted with water for drinking'.-^3) (genit, of 
Hadrianus) Hadrian's (followers). Lam. R. to I, 17, 
v. &W&B&X. 



"_. yb)yHl# Gen. B. s. 23, v. &??}$. 

SSirD ' jlN f. ("p^O treading, stamping the threshing 
floor. T .Targ" Jer. LI, 33. 

DTM'HI&'t Gen.B.s.8 Ar, ed. yB-ffl'^v, b'SB^ai^SSt. 

fir™, ▼. -lfe-w. 

"i&fS™, v. i»t,«. ■ ■ 

brn& v. te-«n«. 

^"I^IS!, ^"OH"!^. pr. n. m. (prob. corrupt, of 
'j2&y& q. vi) Adarkhan, a Parthian ruler. Ah. Zar. 10 b 
(Ms. 'p; oth. vers. -^ailS, v. Eabb. D. S. a. 1.).— Esth. 
E. to I, 3 I^STIIS. 

SSFP"TTK'f. (1\yi Af.) tracing; (law) 1) legal per- 
mission to a creditor to trace the debtor's property for 
the purpose of having it seised, assessed, offered for 
public sale, and eventually delivered to him. [Order of 
documents, ace. to B. Bath. 169 a , vers, of Maim. a. 
others: 1) SWOIIK; 2) XB-PB the right of seizure of the 
debtor's property sold after the date of the loan (mortgage); 
3) NaTO record of the assessed value for which the cred- 
itor took possession; — ace. to vers, in ed. a. Mss. 1) fctBliU 
right of seizure &c; 2) 'X authorization to seize the 
traced property, denning, position &c. ; 3) xallB.] B. Bath. 
169 a . B. Kam. 112 b . B. Mets 16 b . lb. 35 b . Keth. 104 b . 
2) private authorization to collect or take possession of 
one's debt or deposit; assignment, transfer. B. Kam. 70 a 
Ms. M., Ar. (ed. "TilX); Shebu. 33 b (ed. "lis, v. Eabb. D. 
S. a. 1.) ; Bekh. 49 a . 

=i^rn^ P r - n ' m - ( n W^g* XVII, 31) Adrammelekh, 
name of an idol. Snh. 63 b '31 'X Adr. a. Anammelekh 
signify mule and horse; v. "HX. 

3HTO, ^7]^ f. (=h. SilJJ*, v. Silt) arm. Targ. 
Jer. XXXII, 21; : a/fr.— Y. Ber'; I, 4 C top mS^I the 
Teflllin of his arm. Koh. B. to XI, 2.— PI. KHS^lS.' Targ: 
Job XXII, 9.— IW^. Gen. B. s. 65.— V. S^DX 

^^Tl^ ™- °f Edr-ei, a town in Naftali (Josh. 
XIX, 37),' another in Menasseh (Bashan, Num. XXI, 33; 
a. e.).~ Y. Ber. V, 9 b top; a. e. 

rrftN f. (b. h.; Tis) 1) cloak, covert Gen. E. s. 63 
(ref. to'' Gen. XXV, 25)' 'XS 11X1'1S13 every one (of the 
Boman people) fit for the purple cloak (may become an 
emperor). — 2) (homiletically, as if rVY-jifc=ch. Sfnss, "nx) 
the threshing floor, the store of grains. lb. "illba 1S13 
'SO IllSal entirely destined to be scattered (winnowed) 
like the grains, '31 mill? [TTO12J] for the Lord will 
scatter him (Bdom-Bome) like . chaff &c. (ref. to Dan. 
II, 35). 



EftN,, 



25"te$ (b. h.; l/asi; cmp. a»T) to love. Y. Ab. Zar. II 
beg. 40 cT ttarm her lover; a. fr. wnarvniS: aniK phil- 
anthropist Ibofh 1,12; a. fr.-^Part. pass. ainx, f, KgWiK. 
Yeb. 23 a rVWlBia 'X beloved (worth loving) for her well 
chosen marriage. [Y. Ab. Zar. 1. c. TOrTO read iwanix.] 

Nif. ahM, Hithpa. Sriittirj to be beloved, popular, Lev. 
E. s. 32, beg., these blows (of persecution) had the effect 
'31 atixns to make me beloved of my Father in .heaven. 
Yoma 86 a '31 afiSWia B"B trtfiiffl that the Divine Name 
may be beloved through thee (that thy doings may 
favorably reflect on thy religion).— 

Pi. anx, Sif. airtstri to make beloved, popular. Tan. 
d'beEl. 1, 28 '31 tti'liJ a'injrta snn make theDivine Name &c. 
(v. supra).— Part. P«. a'fflsta popular. Yalk. Deut. 837. 
— Oant.E. to 1, 1 '31 p^pS^aSTCS) latins to make them 
beloved (of God), draw themnigh(to God) &c. lb. toV, I. 
^-Yalk. Cant. 981 nain mass *(> ^fJ^n we have made 
many maiden beloved of thee (converted them). 

JOHN, const, nan:* ch.==next.w. Targ. Cant, VIII, 6. 

/"D/lltf I f. (b. h.; anx) love, friendship. srnffi) 'X 
13ia riiisn love dependent on something extraneous, 
i. e. sensual, selfish love. Aboth V, 16.— 'Xa ni»5>; (or 
139) to do good (serve the Lord) from pure motives of 
love. Sot. 31 a ; Snh. 61 b ; a. fr.— 

5"Qnitf II (XllhX in Y.) pr. n. m. Ahabah, Ahava, 
son of Zera, and father of B. Adda. R. Hash. 29 a . Ab. 
Zar. 30 a ; a. fr. Y. Yeb. VHI, 9 bc . 

■HYtnSS! Y. Ber. II, 4 b , v. •'111!*. 

iriiS Y. Ab. Zar. V, 45 a , read )m. 

n^bin^v.n^. 

'j^irtN, v. in«. 

^n^,v. m . ' 

T^ft^, NTTrT'nSi ^ (horrearius, 6ppi<tpio«; 
v. Sm. Ant. s. v. Horreum) store-keeper, steward. [Com- 
ment.: fr. mi"!!*, v. X^IIX, equerry.] Meg. 12 b niliilinx ia 
X3X1 thou, son of my father's steward. B. Mets. 85 a 
(Ms. M. nili-lli-IX); Sabb. 113 b Hililinx (v. Eabb. D. S. 
a. 1. note 4) "0!ti 'X Babbi's house steward (manager). 

"PD - fin&$ m. (Pers. Angra-Mainyus) Ahriman, the 
evil principle in the Zendavesta (Parsism); opp. falin 
Ormuzd. Snh. 39 a 'pXI "Wris -jassa TOlim iXSiSS "jSS&a 
Ar. (ed. a. Mss. incorr., v. Eabb, D. S. a. 1.; Tosef. a. 1. 
Better vers. Ms. F. "|5S&a our half) thy upper half belongs 
to Ormuzd, thy lower half to Ahriman. lb. piattJ "Oifi b"N 
SSixa «ia lasas 'Caiins T-aiins (ed. corr. ace.)- if this 
be so, why does Ahriman allow Ormuzd to let the water 
pass (through the former's dominion) to the ground? . 

"'TIX Y. Shek. V, 48 cl , read "*n. . 

^ll&t m (Sri!*) staying under the same roof with 
an unclean object/ Naz. VII, 2 (49 b ) iWjg SS Talm. ed. 
(Mish. I^ITK,' v. snis) upon staying with them under &o. 



^n* 



^ 



lb. 53 a ftirjK. [Sabb. 90 a Ms. M., v. irwt.].— PI. f. nftinx 
the laws concerning ahil, whence Ahiloth (also nftnx), 
name of a treatise of the Mishnah (of Seder Taharoth). 
Y. M. Kat. II, end, 81 b there are things in the Order 
of Moed Ol 'X ",a )^Vp more difficult than Ahiloth &c. 
—Hag. 14 a , a. fr. 'brtX. B. Mets. 86 a "<rix. 

s^nss; «,- v . «!«*. 

■'^b'TliSl. pr. n. m. 4Wfai. Pes. 30 a . 

n^lnjS! f., pi. rviWjx, v. Wix. 

sS!3 HIS! f. Ahina, a species of late and inferior dates 
(cmp. SWfjX). Hull. 46 b lungs apparently so peeled as 
to resemble XpalD 'X a red Ah. B. Mets. 113 b Xl^a 'X 
a bitter Ah.— P/. "^Vix. Tosef. Shebi. VII, 14; Pes. 53 a 
(m.!). Y. B. Kam. VI, 5 b bot. 'XI Xtttai a preserve of A. 
Y. B. Bath. V, end, 15 b 13VJJO rroai (corr. ace), v. Ab. 
Zar. 38 b ip^ia 'X. 

OT& v. foreg. 

b»l!tf (b. h.), Pi. ii^x (deriv. of bnx) to spread tent- 
like, to cover, shade, bend over &c, usu. with refer, to 
levitical uncleanness arising from being under the same 
shelter with, or forming a shelter over, a corpse &c. 
Me'ilah 17 a llnSpa hs "*& if he bent over a portion (of 
the blood). Sabb. 17 a '31 rittx ns 'ix he caused one side 
of his body to overshadow the grave. — [More freq.] 

Eif. W1W1 same. Ohol. IH, 1 ; 3 sq. nan is 'xn he 
formed a tent, i. e. spread himself, or bent, over a corpse. 
lb. rbs Wjxa n^an the house forms a cover over part, 
of it. Y. Sot. IX, 23 c top; a. fr. 

jTi&, bnlSS m. (b. h.; prob. /nx=lx, cmp. XilX) 
tent, shelter. Succ. 21 b WS 'X a temporary dwelling. 
sap 'X a permanent dwelling: — Naz. 55 a pill 'X a mov- 
able cover, e. g. a person carried in a vehicle over a 
grave, v. foreg.— B. Bath. 27 b , a. fr. fiKalprt 'X some- 
thing spread over an unclean object, e. g. a tree shading 
a corpse; v. foreg. Naz. VII, 2, v. b^nx.— PI. trfsnix, 
"pinix (TV™). Y. Sabb. XX, beg. 17 c '»SB5 to spread 
sheets over'' poles &c. (Tosef. ib. XII (XIII), 14, a. e. 
'X.TOJS). Y. Erub. I, 19 d tVf^ta 'X tents in a caravan, 
rttrraaiB 'X in a camp. Tosef. Kil. V, 25 "piin&t ed. Zuck. 

bWi (bjlllS) m. (Syr. xbnx P. Sm. 125; in, in, 
v. VbrC^rt, cmp. bnia, iffla) l)*a« afcaKe ^to»f, used 
as soap. Sabb. 90 a ; Nid. 62 a (counted among plants 
subject to the laws of the Sabbath year). — 2) a mineral 
substance of the same use (in connection with 1M ; v. 
however Maim, to Nid. IX, 6). Nid. 1. c. rmon xnpm 
)>ru*.m; (Sabb. 1. c. first time bin ed., Ms. M. WiX; sec- 
time XbrtX ed., Ms. M. WW). M. Kat. 17 b ; a, e." [The 
biblical d"^nx a. minx have no connection of meaning 
with our w.] 

&V^&t ch.=h. inx tent, sheet. Targ. Y. Num. XII, 12 
(Var^ xbViX, xb^nxj. Bets.30 b 'X 1Hb Xp he breaks the 
tent up (by removing portions of the cover). Ib. 32 b ; 



a. fr.— PI. ibnx. Sabb. 137 b 'X iBlBiiV extending the 
spread sheets (by opening a door or window over which 
they were spread). 

5<5ri& ^ni&t ch. l)=h. inx., Targ. Job. IX, 30 
(h. text na)/ Sabb. 90 a , v. btlK~2) (=b. h. D^HX, 
rninx ?) aloe (used for medicinal purposes, v. Sm. Ant. 
s. v. Aloe). Ib. 110 b SOSVin 'X ; Git. 69 b Xixiin 'X purple- 
colored aloe. 

^"DHK m. (foreg.) dealer in aloe' (prob. in h. h. 
nibnx, perfumes). PI. fiinx. Ned. 91 b . B. Mets. 81 a . 

^t <0^$' ^"'x -O" 1 '^ pr - "• plf oula v a ( tents ) Edu y- 

VII, 4 / rT». T Zeb. T 25 bTv niX. 

n^bhSS (rpblllX) f. (bnx) a ^rowp of tents, en- 
campment; only in PI. nY'inx (—castra) camps. (Always 
inconnectionwithniil^isaor Xia&p fortifications). Cant. 
E. to II, 13. Yalk. Ps. 624 'inx. Lev. K.b.1; a. e. [Cmp. 

ni'"iS12a a. X1BBS as to versions.] 

^5 «Ao.' Y. Ber." II, 4 C bot. X^m 'X that swine, ib. VI, 
i : a bot. "ial 'X he who says. Y. Yoma VI, 43 d bot. 'SO 
pWi as that (Mishnah) which we have been taught. 
Y. Shek. II, 47 a top Xiril 'X the subject just quoted. Y. 
B. Mets. n, 8 C anan ina px ib ^ni -prix Cjinx) of what 
use is this to me? of what value is it to me? — Y. Shebu. 
Ill, 34 d bot. liiBX 'XI and this 'even'— i. e. why do you 
use the word 'even' ?— a. fr. — 2) this place, where. Y. Ber. 
IX, 13 b top Wx.nxi 'X is wherever thou goest. *3) (adv. 
of time=1' -1 "te. v. "X) thereupon, then. Y. Taan. IV, 69 b 
top '31 "pfixi "pbax eat ye and then drink. 

&<rP"0rilS Keth. 67 b W3MX pip ) v. ri^sn ch. 

"]"nn&<, 1'lin^ pr. n. m. (b. h.) 4aro», the brother 
of Moses. Meg. 25 b ; a. fr. 

rP3"nn.<S| f. (deriv. of foreg.) of priestly parentage, 
Aaronide. Erub. 53 b rwihx 'X fTOJ (play on words) an 
b (in Ms. M. our w. is missing). 



fm, v. T 



"1!^ 1) ptefix, esp. for verbal nouns, e. g. XfYi2S"HlX 

fr. 'pX 2) IX, 11X=£U-au, v. 3X. 

IH I (b . h. ; mx, v. Ges. H. Diet. s. v.) or; IX . . IX either . . 
or. Shebu. 27 a pbtti ... IX the word IX in the Bible text 
is necessary as a disjunctif, (one or the other), contrad. 
from"! which is conjunctive (one and the other). Men. 91 a ; 
X!23Tlb IX the word IX intimates something not expli- 
citlystatedin the text; a. fr.— PI. 'fxix Shebu. 33 b .— pix, 
d^ix, const, i^ix the u<ord IX in the biblical passages. Y. 
ibid. IV, 35 cd . ' 

IK ch. same. Targ. Ex. XXI, 20; a. e. Targ. Pro v. 
VI, 28 Ms. (ed. iX).— Ber. 2 b , v. saV^; a. v. fr. 



IX II (6) the. Y. R. Hash. I, 57 a bot. (in a Greek sent- 

^X m. (contr. of inst, inst v. in, in) Ae, tta*, this 
(only in Y. Dial). [Y. Ber. II, 5 11 top HBpa IS, read nin 
'a ; ed. Amst. isa.] Y. B. Bath. Ill, 14 b I was jesting 
StISS ISta with that man. Y. Snh. XI, beg. 30 a 1a(st)1 ISO 
with him who says— Fern, ist.— Y. Erub. Ill, 21 b bot. i&t 
StliJt iX Still* it is all the same; v. StliStll. 

fcTIXW (X"T;!X) m. (IIS; cmp. h. form 1SSJS),' only 
in iJaite 'st a pile of loose bricks with openings between, 
opp. to solid wall. Bets. 31 b ; 36 a ; Erub. 34 b Ms. Bashi 
(v. Babb. D. S. a. 1.; ed. Stliist, cmp. StlilSt; Ar. stistst, 
derives fr. Pers.). 

D1X shoots, v. ast. 

21X m. (b. h. ; |/"ast or an, v.aast, istan) cited ghost. 
—'St tea necromancer. Snh. 65 a ; a. fr. 

m'X, &G1X ch. same. Targ. Is. XXIX, 4; a. e.— 'St 
Stiaa necromancy over bones, sculls, also for necro- 
mancer. Targ. Y. I Deut. XVIII, 11. Ber. 59 a SOaa 'st 
'31 aiia the necromancer is a liar (necromancy is false), 
and his (its) words are lies. Sabb. 152 b bot. (of the woman 
of En-Dor, I Sam. XXVIII, 7). [Yeb. 103 a 'St 13, v.aast.] 

"j-oix, w"£ia, v. iiast, m«m. 

nTOltf, v. nsiian. 

&10^iX, Di&llX pr. n. pi. Ephesus, city of 
Ionia in Asia Minor. Targ. I Chr. I, 5 'aist (var. lect.); Y. 
Meg. I, 71 b 'list bot. (rendit. of yii); v. StiJilpa. 

bjJIlSl, bDX m. (v. teli) 1) river. Dan. VIII, 2; 3; 6. 
—2) as a pr. n.''Ubal (The River). Gen. B. s. 16 (referr- 
ing to Dan. 1.. c.) '31 ",iB3h11St 'St Ubal is the source of 
all the other rivers. 

XbllX I=»Vast.' Targ. Y. Gen. VII, 10; a. e. 

JOl^X II (Stteist, Sttest) m. (tei) vessel made of 
willow twigs; basket, ox perforated trough; (as to shape 
v. Sm. Ant. s. v. Calathus). Bekh. 43 b , v. litea a. "jftiS. 
Sab. 123 b ; Snh. 92 a , a. e. ilapl 'St Ar. (ed. '315t) the 
fuller's trough. lb. 28 b the father of the husband and 
the father of the wife are no more kinsmen 'St 13 Stbst 
Stalls (ed. sttest) than is a basket related to a barrel. 

[For attest, stteist cmp. lute, ntete.] 

D^^X, f^lX pr. n. pi. (v. fteast) Ub'Um, 
Ub'lin. Erub. 12 a top (var. v. Babb. D. S. a. 1. note 1). 
Hull. 55 b ditelSt (ed. 'iSt). 

«P55TN, v. stnaast. 

IWSSW m. (yast. cmp. yanii, a. fan p. Sm. usi 
sq.) heavy pressure, overload, prostration from heavy 
load. Targ. Y. Num. XIX, 2.— B. Mets. 36 lj mi 'St the 
prostration from carriyng a load up hill. lb. 78 a nna 



'St nana died from fatigue. Sabb. 106 b . [Ar. reads Stssaist, 
cmp. Syr. y 3St P. Sm. 190— corr. ace] 

XPTXlX f., friaist, Hiiaist m. (S|3pu£ov) pure 
gold, unalloyed. Targ. Ps. CXIX, 127; Targ. Prov. 
Vni, 19; a. e. 

"pttQ^> r^j^X m. pi. (b. h. Siesta; cmp. SOIlifflSt) 
a species of inferior grapes. Maasr. I, 2 'istni diassn 
TOiStaiffla Ar. (ed.Talm. B. 'niaa 'astni; Talm. Y. 'ynBistan) 
grapes and ubshin are subject to tithes from the time 
they are called niBISta q. v.— Y. Ter. VIII, 45 1 . 1 top diaJS 
'3"i "iStl grapes or ubshin for a sick person. 

J1X m. (cmp. nast; Syr. StaiSt P. Sm. 53) (rhus coria- 
ria), red berry of the Venus' summachtree. Peah I, 5. 
Dem. I, 1. Maasr. I, 2. Kel. XXVI, 3.— PI. 'pS'ist. Tosef. 
Maas. I, 4 dialltt faiSt ("|iaist, corr. ace. ; cmp. Maasr. 
1. c. V. Low Aram. Pfl. p. 44). 

"\m, v. last. 

Vr\m, v. next w. 

XEDlp^fljIX (oySorj/ovra) eighty. Y. B. Bath. 
X, 17 cT (corrected text) niiaiSt nail) lb nam 'la piB3 laia 

■pn w im pis nam 'il> nasi i"st .pina s6 stoaip pina 
stin last pas 13 .stBSpstniB ds iai .ajama stoaip " ( ms< 

yw$ 1&SSt fnlm Stiana i»a. A bill of indebtedness 
passed from B. Huna (who could not decide or on 
whose decision the party would not rely) to B. Sh/ — 
on which bill ogdoe was blurred (showing an erasure), 
and conta was clear. Said B. Sh. to B. H., Go and see 
what is the lowest numeral in Greek that conta is com- 
bined with. Said he, It is triaconta (thirty).— When the 
party had left, he said, That man intended to make 
thirty (by the erasure) and lost twenty (the original 
having been fifty, penteconta). 

Tn^iX (~m#) pr. n. pi. Ogdor (Zigdor) in 
Samaria. Y. Ab. Zar. V, 44 d . Bab. ib. 3i a 'at (Msi M. 

mat). 

NJVn^lX f. (last II) prolongation. Targ. Y. Deut. 
xxx, T 20, const, nuai'st (Var. nuaist). 

■nUII*, v. lias? end. 

WW* (^31$) m.(iast, sec. r. of aist, v. 15 St; cmp. 
nais) rounded off, whence a field or fields surrounded 
with a ridge or ditch. Ned. 6 b . Ber. 6 a 'Stb Sttea 13 like 
the ridge surrounding the field. 

JTJnsX f. (foreg.) rounded ditch, hole dug around the 
grape-vine. PI. niiaist M. Kat. I, 1 (Bashi to Ber. 6 a , 
Asheri to Ned. 6 b expl. foreg. w.; ed. niiais). 

"j^lX, ]jin m. (aist; v. foreg.) border of a vessel, 
rim'. Hull. '25 ab ; Tosef. Kel. B. Mets. II, 17 'n. Sag. 
22 b iaaitt its border. PI. fiijaist, T?aist, 'in. Nid. 3 b . Erub. 
87 b (banks). Kel. XXV, 6; a. e. [Hull. II, 9 (41 a ) te) )to& 
dia Ar., a little pool, ed. nais q. v.] 



tfMtia 



HT 8 



SSJA "N ch. (v. foreg.) something rounded, basin, disk. 
Targ7 Cant. VII, 3 SimOl 'S the disk of the moon.— 
B. Mets. 69 lj STpl 'S (some .ed. "O^S pi., v. Kashi a. 1., 
Ms. M. i.aas, v. sass) cake of wax.' Cmp. fas. 

OlSf]^, v. &i5i»X. 

iXi^Aioi^m. ■■'■■■. 

IXiH, Hl^H m. (las, lia) heap of stones, stone- 
hill (h. bs). Targ.. Y. Gen. XXXI, 46 (Bab. Sliai); a. fr. 

V. siiasi. 

"mjlX, read iiliais. 

D^JIS, v. fill Af. 

ND^S, v. S3ias! 

n™]JilN f . a knife having notches, v. ias.II. . 

TIN m. (b. h., v. Ges.H. Diet. s. v.; cmp. I^S) wootfew 
poker.' Bets. '33 a ; Sabb. 143 a . 

"w, 2S"1^ ch. same, also fire-brand. Targ. Am. 
IV, 11; a. e.— PZ. ills, SplS. Targ. Is. VII, 4.— Snh. 93 a 
(prov. concerning bad company) 'SI 'S ">in two dry 
pieces of wood and a green one between &c. 

n&nia, anuria, annia f. m, a* r™> 

thanksgiving. Targ. Ps. XLV, 1 (var. snsiis); a. e. 

XTTfilS Ar. SII^IS ed. m. (IIS, IIS, v. IIS: Syr. 
S111S;' cmp. XIIS.'silS as to dial, var.) upholsterers 
stuffing material, tow-cotton, wool. Sabb. 48 a 'sonifis^ 
(Ms. M. *ni!|S PI.) to put the stuffing back into the ' 
mattress. lb. 141 a (Ms. M. S111S); v. Sffl-VUS.— B. Bath. 
58 a 'SI sr^nn (Mss. 'Tnsl) a vessel full of stuffings 
(enigmatical for bolsters). Ab. Zar. 28 b 'SI S131 V S (Ms. 
M. S1151 S11S) tow cotton which has been dyed but 
not combed. B. Mets. 26 a ; "a. fr— PI. iYfl». Kid. 12 a 
^HISI Slin (corr. ace.) a bundle of tow-cotton. [Cmp. 
S11W, S1W; also SI^S a. ypX; v. Fuerst, H. Diet. lit. 1.] 

^./J '• C 1 ' 1 " 1 ' "^i cm P- fnnda=sling and v purse) 
purse. ' B. Mets. 28 b "naill 'S (ed. S^1>lS) a purse of 
denars. 

"lIKTllK, Toh. VII, 7, v. 1-niiS. 

K^Tl!*, v. s; ? s. 

^miS, read^liS. 

" ! 2" ! ^"7 : 1^ f.(ili,ili) whatever appertains to irrigation, 
sprinkling arrangements; hence tte field cistern ivith 
its purtenances. B. Bath. 144 a (Ms. "J^SJ, '^TS; v. 
Bashi a. 1.) if a father left nothing 'si 'S sbs but a 
sprinkling business, what is earned with it belongs to 
all heirs alike. lb. 'SI KKffiSSVl 'S ^Slli it is different 
with a sprinkling business, since all the attendance it 
requires, is watching (which minors can do just as well 
as adults). [Tossaf. ib Var. WHS, watching pedestal, 
fr. ill q. v. Cmp. however S31!|SIII.— M.Kat. 21 a , read 



*&tn^Tl^I f. pi. (v. foreg.) irrigated fields. Targ. 
Jer.XXxi,40 Ar.ed.pr. (ed. STflS q. v. ed.Ven. SSVHS). 

'"fctrP^SS II f. (5ft, v. StWiS) attendant, or super- 
intendent of the vapor bath; cmp. ''IS— Y. Shebi. VIII, 
38 a 'S la 1 *!! Zosime, the superintendent So. 

^n^l^i^ f. (yn) joy. Targ. Ps. LI, 10 (ed. Vien. 
" 1 1?)- T 

NiTlpTistf f. prop, outlook (v. p^l) hence pr. n.' pi. 
Odikutha (h. f<Z), Targ. II Chron. XX, 16. '• ■ 

XnTl&t f. (ill) confession, esp. document stating 
a debtor's admission of his indebtedness i% presence of 
witnesses. Snh. 29 b . 

DTlltf m. (bis) red substance, fleshy substance [cmp. 
Malsj'tilS; b. h. dlS rubiti]. Y. Kil. VIII, 31 c bot. 'Sri 
YttiJSn ya from the mother the embryo receives the sub- 
stance for forming skin, flesh, and blood; opp. 'jsft white, 
sticky substance. Nid.32 b 'Sa ffliS iBISai to exempt man 
from being unclean from a red (blood) discharge, opp. 
to plb white gonorrhoeic discharge. 

yria, ym, fTis, ariwi f..ch; ( =h. %*, v. 

Ges. H. Diet. s. v.; J?1S, v. IIS) ear. Targ. Is. LXIV, 3. 
Targ. Ps. XVIII, 45 i^S (ed. Vien. "pllS?, Ms. }m). 
Targ. Ex. XXIX, 20; a. fr.— Y. Sabb. "VI, 8 C bot. 'S& SB 
good for ear-ache; v. Bab. ib. 67 a ; a. fr.— PI. fails, 
■jiJliS, S*311S, "'ills. Targ. Deut. XXIX, 3; a. fr. (also 
f ;1S).— Snh. 106 a . Y. Maas. Sh. IV, 55 b bot.; Lam. B. 
to 1,1 ("WO in 1), v. next w. ' = 

fcCTlitll f. (from its shape, v. foreg. a. P. Sm. 40) 
1) leather-bottle, jar (a liquid measure). PI. f ?11S. Y. 
Maas. Sh. IV, 55 b bot. (to one who had dreamt he had 
four Mefou«=ears, v. foreg.) "Tiim ?pais ■tn'* US ilba 
saiai ^iailS thou shalt have wine enough to fill thy 
own two udnin (wine jars), and two udnin (measures) 
of a garba (v. SSial) besides.— 2) (Syi\ SKIS, .S311 P. Sm. 
49, 1061) bath-tub. Ber. 22 a Was sitting S^al 'SS Af. (ed. 
saasS, Ms. Beth. Nath. SUtlXS) in a tub filled with an 
udna of water. Sabb. 157 b S^al 'S.... Ar. (ed. SiflSS, 
Ms. M. S31S) by'a bath-tub. 

,^3"IW III, SJilS (f.?) (=h. IIS; cmp. \s. h. tHn; 
y&T, S31; cmp. T^l) foot-stool, camp-chair, folding stool. 
Targ. Jer. XLIII, 10 h^lHS Ar. (ed. maiBS).— PJ. Stalls, 
S^ilS. Targ. II Est. I, 2 liailS 'pmn ■(■pin ?) the double 
footstool of king Solomon. Tosef.Kel.B.Mets.VIH,6 naa 
'Si IB 11 ! (not >1!2ia) when it bends in (under the weight) but 
one can sleep on it; if it was originally so' made, nsati 
(not nilMB) it is unclean "1SS S^nUJ iaaa ed. Zuck. (Var. 
S^a^lS, ed. Snails) because it is made like a double 



VnyiA, v. S11W, a. 11SI. 

?JH1W m. (-jH) a crushing tool, pestle , pounding 
club. Targ. Prov. XXVII, 22 ed. Buxf. (better, like oth. 
ed. T^S). 



abw 



&CllTi& (^iriln) m. (=Ximn, rednpl. of ilh 
Ar.) wei-worfc, esp. loose fisher's net, contrad. to X^pX. 
Y. M.'Kat. Ill, 81 b top Tl.—Pl. ililix. M. Kat. ll a 
'X V'laiai (Alf. *>irTlX) to plait nets. Git. 60 b bot.. 

iQXH^a^ij, v. ■«««»«. 

T M&$ m. (j/^11X, v. 1D1X; cmp. Syr. Xll, a. fltl Jom-, 
&«m «&£,. P. Sm. 1060) [the noisy], goose. Ber. 57 s 
'31 'X ilXIIH he who sees a goose in his dream, may hope 
for wisdom (with ref. to Prov. I, 20, 'wisdom cries' &c). 
Y. B. Kam. V, end 5 a '31 aiEW 'SI D"> 111X the water 
goose (berniole) and the domestic goose are two diff. 
species (t=ix!>3); Y. Kil. .VIII, 31 c hot. '31 iaia 'X dS 'X 
the (domestic) .goose and the goose of the steppes (wild 
g.); difl 'X DS 'X the domestic and the water goose; B. 
Kam. 55 a Ian 'XI 'X (Ms. M. marg. IS 'XI JUa 111X) the 
domestic and :the wild g. ; Bekh. 8 a . 

•'it$TI!$ or SJ11N ch. same. Git. 86 a .-'X ia duck. 
Bets. 33 a . PI. flllX, illlX. Targ. U Esth. Ill, 8. Pes. 
114 a . B.Bath. 73 b . T Hull. 56 b '31 p"^ 'X limn our (Bab- 
ylonian) geese are considered as water fowls. 

b"m, >bi^,.y3ix. 

M1W, Ml)!*, v. xjix a. xaiixii. 

■©STUs," v. i? ? ix. 

DiOI^IN, v.&i&iaix. 

,;pmv.npix. . 

*5<~n'lH m.; pi. 1111X (11X dial, for 13S, v. Noeld. 
Mand. T Gr. p. 48 sq.; v. Ar. s. v. where QiiaiX=t=iiaiS 
[not tJiiaiX as in ed. Koh.] is twice used to account for 
the etymol. of our w.) crossers of rivers, travelers. 'X ia 
1) crossing, ford. B. Mets. 103 1 ' 'X ia lias XQilX Ar. 
(ed. 111X1 ia; Ms. H. XillX ia, marg. illXi) the- tenant 
must entertain the crossings (of the dykes, ed. the 
channels) in the farm. M. Kat. 28 b 'X "a V*)il Mini 
Sjni xriBir iiaaxi Ar. (ed. '3i xnsniii xiasax Wfli . . ., 

Ms. M. . . Xiaax Nint ia S>iSil, v. Eabb. D. S. a. 1. note) 
one runs and rushes to the ford, and on the ferry he / 
makes a loan (to pay the ferry-man; allegory of man's 
carelessness in providing for the life to come). — 2) among 
the crossing passengers. . lb. (according to a second inter- 
pretation, v. Ar. s. v.) one runs and rushes among those 
ready to cross (mortals) &c. Cmp. XiaiS B. Bath. 
91 a bot. 



DmiN, v. isiiax.. , 



TO"M VpP"ON m . pi. (emp. -ppipBX, a. 
•jipiax) irowsers. Targ. Y. I, a. II Ex. XXVIII. 42 ; ib. 
I, Ex. XXXIX, 28 iSplllX, lb. Lev. VI,. 3 (ed. Vien. 

-papiix, ii -ppenax). ib. xvi, 4. [For ii=s v. iimix.] 

frO^TH^ Ar. (ed. hiUBIIX) m. name of a mythical 
bird, Phwnix. Snh. 108 1 '. 

irji^v.^x. 

lS£l)K, Htt5lK="1&5&«. Targ. Y. I, Gen. XVIII, 

oTa\™, DiTii»'(pTm») ^m^) forth- 
with, immediately after. Nid. II, 2 (I4 a ) 'X rhil bs xSa3 
Ar. (ed. dlimx, corr. ace.) if a stain is found on her 
bedclothes immediately after (the coition). Ib. 12 h ; 14 b 
'11X 11SHJJ IflliX Ar. ed. Koh. (ed. Shi, n&l, corr. ace.) 
what is the interval designated by evthios? Y.Nid.II,49 d 
bot. repeatedly OixiFilifi or 'lift. 

TO3irm», v. xiaannx. 

*]?J11!^, "jFj'Tfcf m. (=h. inix, r. mx) full,, proud, 
bright. Targ, Job XXXI, 26 Ms. T (ed. 'jnpr).—Pl. &mp» 
Ib. IX, 13 (ed. Buxt. a. oth. xyniia) 

"Dermis, v. r^mix.- 

^T^FfTlK, 'ft)*, ft^nmj.(ab^Tia)origin, 
reality; v. next w. — 'X IpiS the Very reality, virtuality. 
Gen. E. s. 25 '31 'X IpiS the real famine was destined 
to be in the days of. Saul. Cant. E. to I, 1 '31 'X IpiS 
the real, authentic, among the several names of Solo- 
mon &c. Koh. E. to I, 1 'niX (corr. ace). Num. E. s. 10 



X(co 



CO.). 



■'ttDSniX, OWENS) m. (o5»4vtti«) originator, 
author. Gen. E. s. 16 '31 bl» 'X HIS the Euphrates is the 
originator (ultimate source) of the rivers (mentioned 
Gen. II, 10 sq.).— PI. m. TBiWllX. Y'lamd. to Num. XI, 16 
(quot. in Ar. s. v. ■jiaiinaX) ''al'bxiffli btt) TiSX 153a (corr. 
'11X) corresponding to the number of the originators of 
Israel, for with seventy souls &e— Eem. niiaJPlllX, 
Pesik.Sh'kal.p.l6 b 'X niaix (seventy) original 



"'SOftStf (^b^) f.C|^TX, v. ItX; cmp.nsp) apiece, 
part,u'zya, a market term for a certainportion (quarter &c.) 
of meat. Bets. 29 a in Piimb. they call it 'X xabSI 'X Ms. 
M. (ed. 'X 15^51 corr. ace; Var. XiGIX) an uzya and half 

VtyVM, v. X^itllX. 

x?b*m, v. x> r x. 

S^p? 11 "]^ m. (='W1X; pM, v. XpipX) (compensation 
for) loss, expense of money and time. B.Bath. 6 b ilptt) 
'31 'X (Ms. R. 'X "p xmfiil ni^ia niias) take coippen-' 
sation and do thou the work (do thou it all, and I shall 
pay &c). 



nrarbm 



tf'T'fe 



TflN^pIS f. pi. (iat, ati; comp. sat, das) knots, 
fringes (in the weaver's work). Tosef. Kel. B. Bath. ch. 
V, end 'XM1 .... I'niffl the remnants &c. and the fringes (cut 
off for finishing). 

bnWN,y. toti«. 

im^x. : 

*ni":j ! is, ni'QjN f.w P i. <=*«, v. ^2, a. 

t^th; cmp. rrisiisx— nisiiSh) lichen-dishes. Tosef. Shebi. 
VII, 13. [El. Wil! emends rfliJihX=iiinx whereas the 
context intimates a vegetable.] 

SiTSflSf. (Sp) foaw. Targ. Y. Dent. XV, 2. 

*(TWl*0, n £>J1S m. pi. HW, v, tH) a spaces 
of bees, loasps. Targ. T. Lev. XI, 20. ' 

lim,v.™ S a.Wh. 

ND"llT]8 m. (nrix=il-ix) possession, power (h. " ( bh). 
Targ. Pro v.XXVII, 24 (ed.corrupt Xi^hX ; ed. "Walt. XS&ftX). 
SFniTlN f - ( v - foreg.) prop, locking up, hence, fo-«p, 
snare. Targ. Joh. XVIII, 10. 

aFfjTO (SFTiniN) f. 0>. h. m*; v.wai) 

enigma, epigram. Targ. Ps. XLIX, 5 (Ms" xniinx). 

]"^u"liS m. pi. (b. h. STiX) howling animals, owls &c. 
Targ! Is. XIII, 21. 

^HtTiiX o.(*m*)last, outmost. Targ. Y. II. Lev. XIX, 

9 ; v. T ",aix. 

p T rna, wnrm, NFOinw, v. ■,?«$. 

HTVQia'lS f. (S'Ji) do% #ood, propriety. Targ., 
Koh. IV, 4. ' ' 

MEWlS, v. roireut 

Ut2"]8 m. (Das) .1) obstruction; something closed, 
pluggedup. Hull. 47 b nxi"iS 'X Ar. (ed. Must) an obstruc- 
tion in the lungs, a spot imperviable to air when blown 
up. Ohol. VI, 5 we regard the levitical uncleanness be- 
tween the rafters 'X Xlrt lVi&tS as if it was locked up 
(and could not affect what is in the house). — 2) sub- 
structure (filled with earth), foundation. Mid. IV, 6. 
Par. Ill, 6. 

' DialS Tosef. Kil. HI, 14 ed. Zuck., v. V^W- 

WDlN Ab. Zar.' 39 a , v. OMBX. 

Sta^Sta^S Koh. E. to XI, 1, read XBi&iBJX. . 

n *IS, HISS I (b. h., -)/"lX=SX, cmp. ilSX), P«. W8 
fo ffesire, covet. Snh. 63 a '=1 nimbx W6t (Ab. Zar. 53 b 
niiT&xb, Vi Kabb. D. S. a. 1. note 8) they had a desire 
for many deities. Denom. rTiXft, Omp. rffi$. 

Hithpa. mxnn(b.h.), Nithpa. wsnj (denom. of nixri) 
to desire, to be seized with a desire. Num. B. s. 10 (play 



on Bistfti Prov.XXIII, 31) the drunken man '31 frib rt^Srji 
will covet blood (forbidden intercourse). Gen.E. s. 51. Ex. 
E. s. 24, end.— Num. E. is. 2 '31 QilXna l^nhM they began 
to express a desire for standards (in imitation of the 
angelic hosts). lb. divide them into standards HXriJB IBS 
as they desired. 

"HN, inlSlI (b. h., ]/nx, cmp. Xh; v. Flirt, a. Ges. 
H. Diet. s. v. ftlxlII) to point, mark. Denom. nix II, 
ixri, nixs. 

Hithpa. nixnn (denom. of nixn, ixfi) to »»arfe, to.mark 
out. Koh. e! to XII, 7 diixn ttixna iinnii he began to 
put up marks. 

^18 m. (v. ilXI) [pressure] woe, sorrow. Gen. E. s. 46 
ilX &6 iS there is no (cause for) woe with me. Num. E. 
s. 10 (play on ahoy, Prov. XXIII, 29) ilX 3X father of 
woe— 2) interj. woe! alas! Kel. XVII, 16; a. y. fr. 

5T1SS1I, , &CTS m ' ( y - ^T^ serpent Gen. E. s. 26 
'SI XP^SS in Galilee they call hivya, ivya. 

SJiNlI, S^PN pr. n. m. (v. foreg.) Ivya, aBabyl. 
Amora. B. BathT'l9 a 'E. Hiya son of E. Iv.— Men. 78 a ; a.«. 

D^is, pa P i. of ixi. 

Sb^,v.bix. 

D^IS, D^IS (?) an interjection (cmp. euav , sua) 
ho! hallo! Y. T Hag. II, 78 a top; Snh. VI, 23° bot. 'X 'X 
'=1 i^ -|1H!"\S ho, ho ! Open, for I am one of yours. 

'"PTS, ~I"HS m. (Ill*; cmp. fin a. (TH); space corresp. 
to V^n, esp. 1) open, empty space, blank. Ohol. IV, 1 a 
toweiT'XS lalSffi standing isolated. lb, XVIII, 10 ITjilSt 
"iSrtbtt! the open space in the court-yard. — B. Bath. 163 a . 
—2) (cmp. b. h. S-nixa) hollow, cavity of a vessel. Kel. 
II, 1 'XS 'pXHDHl "pitattmia become unclean and make 
unclean by contact with the hollow (of the yessel).— 
Yeb. 67 b dViSln 'xb p&i came forth into the lighted space 
of the world, i. e. was born; a. fr.— 3) (cmp. anrjp, aer) 
air, atmosphere, climate, weather. Num.B.s. 14 laaail) 'Xtt 
'si (as one of the elements of nature) out of which the 
wind was made.— Gen. E. s. 34 fi&i 'X .fine weather; a. fr. 
— PI. T'WX blank spaces in ivritings. B. Bath. 163 a .*- 
nililX climates. Gen. E. s. 34 's6 Tpbn rvis a covenant 
has been made in favor of climates, i. e. God has im- 
planted in man a love of his native soil even in bad 
climates. 

S™, 87% T% Um* ch. S ame.l)e»»j% 
space, air*. Targ.Y.Ex.XIX,17; aTfr!— Git. 20 b X^iJaTX 
the blank in a scroll (margin &c). Men. 35 a 'X itn to 
face the inside of the T'fillin.— 2) air, weather. Pes. 30 e 
'X ins B^ttJ the air strikes them. Y. E. Hash. II, 58 a 
bot. 'jSTOa ,'X cloudy weather; a. fr.— 3) pile of bricks 
with openings between, v. X^XJX. 

UTPIN Y. M. Kat. I, 80 11 bot., v. X'niiX. 

SJ3T1S m. (averta, ipepr^) knapsack— PI. y»T^- 
Tosef. Kel*. B. Bath. IV, 10. 

S" l ~l" l 'lSpr.n.pl.4wrya. Shebu.24 b (v.Eab.D.S.a.). 



^rDitf, SSFlfD"^ f - ( m V reproof. Targ. Y. I, 
Deut. T I, 1 J a. e. 

" SJ^B^SW m. (E)1D) bending, suppression. Esth. E. 
to I, 1^ (ref. to Lam. Ill, 13' inBlUX TO, the quotation 
being omitted by clerical error), [read] "I •pail 'Wa "i 

■>». i-miax 13a ^ax "pail nis^x' to iax "01a 
'SI FSVra V«D niB^SIKB'weJLsJpo^o means 'the children 
of his pressure' &c, v. Xi'llax. 

bOllS Pes. 53 a 'X bttJ, read VaX; v. Tosef. Shebi.VII, 15. 

bDiii m. (b. h. VSX; Vsx) /bod!, eeftWe. Bets. I, 8 hTO 
bsix'l 'X (Y. ed. ^SIX isiX "ilia) he selects singly what 
is edible and eats immediately; a. fr.— ti5Si 'X the ne- 
cessary food for the day. Meg. I, 5 laVa "i 'X X^X except 
the preparation of food (cooking &c, permitted on Holy 
Days, Ex. XII, 16).— PI. trtaix, p^Six food, eatables. 
Ber. 50 b ; a. fr. Ab. Zar. 52 b 'X iw Y'S rorpT an idol- 
atrous offering consisting of edibles ; Y. ib. IV, 43 d '3X. 

'fcODWl ch. 1) same. Targ. Ps. LXXVIII, 18 (Ms. 
xljSpa).— Yoma 80 b Sin 'X 'X i*ntl}SX \a whatever is used 
for seasoning food, is considered as food. — 2) the digested 
food found in the entrails, excrements, cmp. iS"v — Targ. 
Lev. I, 16; a. s.- — 3-) an eye-disease, itching (cmp. Xttj*ffln). 
Ab. Zar. 28 b 'X rf=nn the incipiency of &c, 'X S)1S last 
stage (near recovery). 

iODWlI m. (isx=V>D) prop, measure, hence (cmp. 
xV 1 '??) 1) a certain measure, Ukhla, (basket); cmp. rte. 
— Y. Sot. I, 17 a 'XI 'n Tim lain one Tuman (one eighth 
of a kab), and half a T. and one Ukhla; cmp. JttelS.— 
2) basket, v. X^asixll. 

nb5ia,v.rtsx. 

$Sl*DD"lcN (perh. fr.r. lbs, cmp. Arab, kalaza, collegit, 
a. 113, &Vp; v. Ges. H. Diet. s. v. BIS; var. forms: Xjfox, 
. Xbibsix, XDbsiX, XlftS; h. form only m-pl.poftsix, const. 
iQibsix, p&Vsix) levy of troops or forced laborers (corresp. 
to h. XaS).' Targ. I Chr. XI, 6; XX, 1.— B. Bath. 8 a ; 
B. Mets." 108 a 'X3 ipsa (Ms. M. Sttlbs) they have to go 
out themselves to do public labors (not permitted to 
hire substitutes). Ib. 'SI 'X TO' 1&6 are exempt from the 
levy. Ber. 58 a ; Yeb. 76 b 'xa XSi went out with the army'; 
[strike' out 'SO HTfn Ber. 1. c, v. Babb. D. S. a. 1. note 
40] ; a. fr.— PI. plfeix, p&ftsix, pt&SlX (v. supra). Targ. 
I Ohr. XII, 22; a. fr.— Tosef. Ber/vil (VI), 2 p&bsix. 
Ber.58 a ; ^SOIDi ""sftsix a Jewish army. Y. Ber. IX, 13 c 
top.; Y. Snh. X, 29 b top. ... 1 X^bftsix the armies of 
students; a. fr.— Cmp. TSfex. [Y. Ber.IX,13 a ; Midr. Till, 
to Ps. IV, v. ^ia&x]. 

D2W, NOSWm. KM, NRQ^!* f. (SSX) Mufc, 
dark-complected, freckled, ungainly. Targ. Lev. XIII, 31; 
a. fr.— Pes. 88 a .— M.Kat. 9 1 ' 'X Xf1"0 Irrt Hin Ms. M. (ed. 
our w. omitted) had ,an ungainly (freckled) daughter; 
' Sabb. 80 b . Git. 67 b W^X xri>15i*in a black (checkered?) 
hen. Ib. 68 a Xllifia XaSlX a black spot on a white skin. 



PI. masc. paMX, "'saw, X*a3!ix, X'aMX. Targ. Jer. VIII, 
21; a. e. — Hull. 46 b 'X 'X covered with black spots.' — Pern. 

xfiaax Sabb. i29 a . ib. 20 b xrmasix Ar. (ed. xnasix) 

the black (greenish) moss on ships or puddles. 

$CDW> m.^TlDp^ f. (foreg.) black color, darkness; 
distress. Targ. Y. Lev". XXII, 22. Targ. Lam. IV, 8. 

fcCfiDiW f. same. Targ. Koh. XI, 10 dark hair, youth. 

wnrn^T.wawK. 

8FB93W, HOgbw, V. KBHK, KttttK. 

S]31N, ^iPlK c. (C]SX) Sffl(Wfe. Kel. XXIII, 1; 2; 
a. e.— Y. Sabb. V, 7 b bot. "IX a. "%*.— Y. Erub. I, 19 b bot. 
"1&6 'IX "pa; Bab. ib. 16 a 'IxV 'IX fa. Sabb. 53 a — PJ. 
rriBssiX. Erub. 15 b ed. (Ar. p&13X). Y. Erub. 1. c. 'pB^iX. 

&©ifi!$ ch. same. B.Mets. 27 b . B. Kam. 92 b (prov.) 
'SI "sTxiarl l^lp Xian if thy neighbor, calls thee an 
ass, put a saddle on. Erub. 27 a 'XT X33 the upper part 
of the saddle (Ar., besides other var., 'XI X^a5 man's 
figure on the upper part of the saddle) used as a handle 
by the rider. 

("PSDIi* Esth. E. to I, l b 'IX TO ('S^X), v. XB^.TMX. 

WXDW, v. XiSMX. 

bW, bTltf (SlIN), K^IN m. (blX to circfc, 
v. iffi , ' ViS , cmp. diis* , nferiFi) beginning , early season. 
Targ. Hos. IX, 10; a. e— 'X ^a from the beginning (of 
the world). Targ. Job. XX, 4; a. fr.— iiixb to (its) pre- 
vious condition. Targ. Ez. XVI, 55 (some ea.''",nV]l!6). 
Cmp. y=X. 

SDSblS m., pi. ysaVu* (denom. of Sttttiob) unguent 
made of 'incense. Targ. Cant. IV, 11; (h. text '{\ii\>, LXX 
apwfAata, as if y*V&). 

*"I^iS^ m. (1^1, l!si) a tool for hollowing out and 
cutting the writing reed (scalprum), a sort of pen-knife. 
Tosef. Kel. B. Bath. end. Kel. XII, 8 "&1K (corr. ace. ; 
v. Ar. ed. Koh. s. v.). 

""15 |sS (0X0-) a prefix, sometimes separately printed, 
whole , entirely of. Pesik. Vay. B'yom p. 4 b -pa"^:na 'X 
trimmed all over with pearls. Lev. B. s. 32, end I^X 
-p&^S (corr. ace.) all gold, v. 'pDriS'ftix. 

'■ ywbjib'i^v. r^x. " 

Xmi51N Y. Taan. Ill, 66 c top, read XtmVia, v. X^a 
mule. 

■pOTDlbllS, y. next w. 

]1 Wl3lbi5< m. (6X6xpoaov) all gold. Lev. B. s. 32 
(variously 'corrupted , v. -ftix.— Ar. XS11S yftlX) ; Cant. ' 
B. to IV, 7 (corr. ace). 



P 



m, • 



'ppi'i'OiS'ix', mostly "pp'WiWift pure-silken garments. 



Kob. B. to I, 7. Y. Sabb. VI, 8 b bot.. Yalk. Prov. 935.— 
[Koh. E. 1. o. second time some ed. 'ppTi&lblX, corr. ace] 

«j3l7?ibTS, pp^Dlbl^, v. foreg. 

yrbix, v. ■?#«*. 

owbis, v. six^x. 

"l^'bl^, ""PbllS m. (olearius, oXedpio? S.) keeper 
v of clothes atthebaihs. Y.Maas.Sh.I,52 d top mnwri rnsa 
'i& tokens (in place of small change) given to the olearius ; 
cmp. Tosef. Maas. Sh. I, 4.— Pesik. B. s. 22 ; a. e.— PI. 
'F)X!$>% TV^*- Tosef. Kel.B. Mets. II, 12 *MB Mtua 
■pl^K ed. Zuck. (oth. ed. 'ibis corr. ace.) the brushes 
(strigils) of the bathing attendants. Sabb. 147 b . Y. Ber. 
II, 4 C top; cmp. Pesik. E. 1. c. ; a. e. V. T^IIX. [Sabb. 
144 a 'Xtt d^>3, Nid. 20 a ■piblxri . . ., v. T^ii*.] 

"^TbllS, v. foreg. a. T^ix. 

Nbbw, v .xWx. 

Db^I m. (b. h.; v. dbx; cmp. Assyr. dbx in /row* 
°/". opposite, Schr. K. A. T. glossary, a. b. h. conj. dblX) 
entrance, hall, esp. Z7fam, the hall leading to the interior 
of the Temple. Mid. IV, 7 ; a. e. 

DbWlI pr. n. pi. (v. foreg., OuXa(j.u.ou<; Euseb. 
Onom.; Neub. Geogr. p. 18; 261) 1) Ulam (Porta) apla 
in Gilead, and one in Galilee. Y. 



u e&ax. 



ih. X,. 2 



NDbW, S^jablH oh. D^KI. Targ. I Kings VII, 6; 
a. fr,— Targ. II Chr. Ill, 4 dVw, Var. XJablX.— PZ. X*B/W. 
Targ. Bz. XL, 22 ; a. e. 

^D^W m. (d>X) strength, strong side. Sabb. I34 a 
X3Blpl= 'Xa from the thick to the thinner side.— Nid. 8 a , 
a. fr. maVlX h ^ a wherein does his (its) strength consist, 
i. e. why is this opinion preferable to &c? 

HSnlyiN, V. K$4K. 

I'SblX, v. next w. 

l&bW, fctD&bW m. (5|^ , &>«) custom, training, 
instruction; the Law. Targ. Y. Gen. XXXIII, 14. Targ. 
Is. XXXII, 6 ; a. fr.— Y. B. Hash. IV, beg. 59 b for it is 
impossible for one to go through his Bible lesson 'X xVl 
(read xi=3; cmp. Hag. 3 a Win xb3) without some in- 
structive observation. Y. Meg. I, 71 d top 'X "p St'bl not 
according to the Law. Gen. P.. s. 80 !=3p 'XI Mat. Keh. 
(ed. bi3p "pS^IX!) and has he received traditions from 
teachers? Lev. B. s. 19 h BX3 TTO tta isbVix how my 
learning shines in my face! Y. Ber. VI, 10 c bot. pISHM 
'31 nSDVll* let us drop discussion and return to the Mish- 
nah. [Erub.67 a bot. 'iO mattJa, read with Ms: M. saV 1 ^-] 
—'X 13 a scholar of traditional law. Lev. B. s. 3, beg.— 
PI. K^lsVll* instructive narratives, stories. Y. Kid. 61 b ; 
Y. Peah'l, 15 c bot. 

"I^b^ , fcCSblN m. (ybif.) distress, esp. famine. 
Targ. Job V, 11; a! e. ; 



"lbl«, v. "fti* 

^"""DIX Y. Sabb. VI, 8 1 ' bot., read K^lVhip m. 
pi. (pi. Of corollarium) gilt , or silvered wreaths, a rend- 
ition of msms (Is. Ill, 23); v. bibl. quot. ibid., a. Targ. 
Is. 1. c. 

plTl'SK or T^iX m. pi. (pi. of aularis or aularius 
=aulicus, D. C. Lat.) belonging to the royal court, court-, 
only in connect, with dib= or CmiD. Sabb. 114 a 'Xfl 1153 
Ms. M. (ed. "pl^blXil trt=); Nid. 20 a ■pilKM d^3 court 
clothes, including white cloaks (la^S), and red home or 
table dresses 02J13b, . ilTiS) ; v. Luebk. Alterth. s. v. 
Kleidung; Becker Gallus, ed.. Gcell I, 16. Cmp. KmiXPrj 
a. Xp/1113. 

DIK f. (dK;cmp. dsi\B, DIB) 1) mother. Y. Yeb. XI, ll d 
top. 151 'X the mother of the male side, father-in-law's 
mother; FOpi 'X mother-in-law's mother. — 2) substance, 
bulk, as tte cteter of olives (contrad. to leaves); the 
starting point of leprosy. Toh. IX, 8 'X3 S515 mil dx if 
the reptile touched' the cluster. Neg. I, 5 'Xh fh Siibri 
the original leprosy has disappeared. — 3) womb. Lev. B. 
s. 14 end, Ar. (ed. dx). ' 

StfEfiSK f. ch. (v. foreg.) the leaven, flour used for 
leavenJ Pes. 42 a 'XI XrYWlp. (Ms. 0. Kattil) the decay 
of the flour-substance; v. fiW3. [V. also X21X end.] 

KS'IN «a*io«, v. xnaix. 

inajnia, anaia, rftjnin f. (-*, Af. ■«»») ^ oc * 

o/ 1 administering an oath, swearing, imprecation. Targ. 
Y. Lev. V, 1; 4.— *Targ. Y. II, Deut, XXVII, 15 inns 
'31 dinalil (Var. QinaiS, ed. Vien. innp corr. ace.) they 
opened their imprecation with a blessing. 

~QlN m. (las) estimate, guess, measuring by mere 
sight, approximate assessment; medical opinion as to 
the nature of injuries. Men. 54 h 'S3 tbaft may be set 
apart (for the priest) by estimating (without measuring) 
the quantity, Snh. IV, 5 MSiattJal 'SO from mere sup- 
position or hear-say. lb. 78 '" 'X IfiX 'S "px the first 
estimate (medical opinion declaring an inflicted injury 
fatal) cannot be upset by a second more favorable 
opinion (if erroneously formed under the resemblance of 
recovery); v. lax.— lb. iSSaxn 'X the (second) opinion 
intermediate between the first opinion and the actual 
fatal result. 

EYHQW f: same, adv. by guess-work. Y. Taan. 
IV, 68 c top 'S p . . . xbffl that one must not judge from 
mere guess (appearance). Aboth I, 16 'S "UffiA n3"it"t bs 
in giving tithes do not give (even) too much by guessing' 
(but measure accurately). 

WrralN m. ch.=h.na1X. B. Kam. 41 a ; a. ir.-Pl. 
^WMJs'Snh. 78 b . 

riSl'lN f. (b. h. nax; dax to join, v. nx) people, 
nation, government. Ab. Zar. 1 8 a 11 'X this (Eoman) govern- 
ment; a. fr.— PI. nifiiix nations; gentiles (contrad. to 



atvviWais 



Israel); freq. dVlSSl 'X (abbr. SiY'lX, fi"X). Gen. B. s. 39 
'X d^SS!!) the seventy nations (in the Noachidic gene- 
alogy), v. yiBiWllX. Ab.Zar.8 b '31 S"!llX "iXS the gentiles 
shall come and be converted; a. fr. — 'X iJil (freq..d1"3S, 
iia) gentile (not Israelitish) law. Y. Kid. I, 58 b bot.; 
a. fr.— 

C$"J|"DlQ1ltf f. (6|j.oXoYia) [agreement, admission] 
receipt, discharge. [This meaning of o^Xo-fta as receipt 
cannot he proven from Greek literature; cmp. however, 
Sm. Diet. Ant. s. v. Acceptilatio.] Y. M. Kat. Ill, 82 a 
hot., explaining bilSIB (v. ISiffl, receipt) dMilslalX (corr. 
ace, De Lara "paftiaSst pi. m. fr. 6|XoXo-)<ov). Y. Keth. IX, 
end, 33 c 'IX 31 rvVl (=S1^> rri> mbl) is it Bab's opinion 
that the divorced woman is not hound to write a receipt 
(for her dowry)? 

■pjib w, ■pibaa p esik . ■&. .. u, read r ?^, 



■ ^aia Af. of p> 
irrcapms, v. >**. 

JTErlit m. (b. h. i^aX; v. Wa) broken down, crushed, 
low.— PI. diVbalX. Snhi 66 a (ref. to Lev. XIX, 14) 'X3 
'31 -]aS3ffl here the Bible speaks of the lowest among 
thy people (not -pSS »itt» as Ex. XXII, 27). [Ms. M. 
a. Ar. y^aa.] 

jH "IS m. (px, pi) prop, straight line, leader, hence 
(agric.) £Ae border-bed, outmost furrow. Peah IV, 5. 
B. Mets. VII, 4. Ned. IV, 4 (41 b ) 'X3 las SHUSi i6 he 
must not work with him together in the border bed. — 
PI. nwaix, [fr. mpix, sub. runs, f.]. B. Mets. 89 b . 

"jallS, ISDfflN ch. same. Targ. Y. I Lev. XIX, 9 
(h. text fiX5)j Targ. Y. II ib. p ix (read pix). lb. v. 27 
Ar. (ed. 111X), XXI, 5 (of the beard, h. text ypt nXB). 

"jaW m. (b. h. "jast; pX, pi) skilled, artist, artisan, 
professional cook, architect &c. Ab. Zar. 34 b 'X &i">1la 
brine prepared by a professional manufacturer and' dealer. 
Gen. E. s. 1 'X nsia after the plan of an architect. 
Pesik. B. s. 11 '31 'X IJiXtU who is not skilled in climbing 
up.; a. fr.— PL "pplX Ber. 16 a ; a. fr. 

I)!?!*, WQW (n^aW) ch. same. Targ. Is. 
XXI, 10 (adjV Targ. Ex^XXVI, 1; a. e.—Snh. 29 a 
(prov.) '31 l, 51B SIB seven years a famine may last, but 
the artisan's gate it will not cross. Sabb. 133 b 'X ^Xll 
the surgeon (who circumcises). B. Mets. 97 a 'XI XtlSa 
the butcher and the surgeon (of the community).— PI. 
TplX, SjSaW. Targ. I Chr. IX, 30. Targ. II Kings 
XXIV, 14 T ; a. e. Y. Ber. IV, 13 a top, as one uses pro- 
miscuously the words '31 y«S3 yoai&t (read yaaix) artisans, 
builders, architects. 

SSMSS front bed, v. pis*. 

SlJDl!^, v. pix ch. 

IMlS, v. xnuaix. 



TDai«,y.lWK. 

D"Dal!S, read dipx, v. niaxll. 

n^DHW f. (v. pix) 1) skill, handicraft, trade. Kid. 
IV, 14.— 'X bsa mechanic. Hull. 54 b — irmaix p one's 
fellow-tradesman, competitor. Gen. B. s. 32, beg.— Ber. 
43 b '31 lb SiBi 1)1X1 iriX J>3 to each man the Lord made 
his trade appear nice. Y. Succ. V, end, 55 d (play on 
be-emunatham I Chron. IX, 22) dhlialXS through their 
skill; a. fr.— 2) the workmanship (or its equivalent) to 
be furnished the (Boman) government. B. Bath. IX, 4. 
Y. Dem. VI, end, 26 a ; Tosef. Dem. VI, 4; cmp. 1X1X.— 
PI. niipsix. Gen. B. s. 24. Num. B. s. 15 'X Xllp invited . 
people by trades (each day another trade); Tanh. B'haal., 
3 'X dli ^33 Xllp: — Trnsf. arts, devices. Ex. B. s. 47, 
end 'XS 1X3 Dipilxn ^3 all the righteous (in their pleas 
and prayers) came with devices before the Lord (as 
Abraham prayed in behalf of fifty, forty &c). 

fcCMQ/lit, IDDW ch. same. Targ. 0. Ex. XXXV, 33 ; 
a. e.— Mace. 8 b ; a. e. — Koh. B. to III, 9 HUaiX "OSia ixa 
nipffialXS what does the artist profit by his skill? 
Y. Git. V, 47 b bot. 'sb yih-flS ysiTi indenture their 
children as apprentices; Y. B. Bath. X, 17 c bot. nroaixi 
(corr. ace). Sabb. 103 a '31 'X nn sees a mechanical con- 
trivance on a Sabbath and learns it. Y. Keth. IV, 28* 
Xi-fflax (corr ace), v. y^p™.— PI. xniirax, yjplX; 
■jllplX. Targ. Ex. 1. c. Targ. II Esth VI, "12; a. fr.' [Y. 
Ber. IV, 13 a top, v. pIX.] 



7. pix. 



rvsaia, P i. tf 

TTCrPBalK, ^ 

fcCS/CHiS com. Cj'ax) a thick piece of meat, apiece 
which can be eaten raw after pressing &c. Sabb. 128 a 
'xb in fit to be eaten raw. Hull. 44 b xroiteo 'X a fine 
piece &e; a. fr. — PI. iSM*. Git. 69 a 'X 311J seven pieces. 

iYHafisS f. fringe, border, v. Siioix h. 

riaw, «naw, saw f. ch.=h. *&>» P eopk. 

Targ. T Y. Deut. XXIX, 12; a. e. Midr. Prov. to XXX, 28; 
a. e.— PI. yalX. Targ. Y. Gen. XXV, 3. Gen. B. s. 61. 
-X^aiX, X^BIX; iBIX. Targ. Ps. CXVII, 1.— Midr. Till, 
to Ps. IX, 6 'XI •Jli-naoia those hated by the nations. — 
Sabb. 32 a .— XnXBIX, XHSIX. Targ. Prov. XXIV, 24. 

NriDlit oath, v. hxaix. 

1^' 1T$ m - O h -; l/^^S to curve, be curved, 
hollow; to press, be pressed; v. IX, X^SIX &e; comp. 
in, an, IS, 35, as) 1) oppression, wrong (=yis) — 2) false- 
hood, vanity (=153(1). yjiba 'x a cacophemistic adaptation 
of sutrneXto-j (v; yrtl). ' Sabb. U6 a -bot. (after !Hi13db, 
omitted in ed.) ytiii pS rfb ">1p ))tri* '1 '5 'X I^Xa '11 
(Bashi Ms; I^Xa '1 , v. Babb. D. S. a. 1. note) B. Men- 
called the gospel falsehood of blank paper (or of revel- 
ation), B. Yoh. called it sin of &c. [Ib. several times 
•JV^S IIS or '5 )1H in Ms. a. older editions, for XhiillX : 
irmilX &c. in recent ed., v.. Babb. D. S. a. 1.] 



pit 2 

1^ m. (b. h.; ]/lX, v. foreg.; omp. tan, tin, .npfln 
a. next w.) possession, power. Tosef. Ab. Zar. Ill, 16 
(IV, beg.) 131X it ana if he (the seller of the slave) wrote 
to him (gave him in writing) the liberty of his disposal 
of himself, i. e. that the slave, if he should run away 
from the buyer, would not be claimed by him who sold 
him; Git. 43 b 131X lit* ana (read litx or it), lb. 131X iXa 
what means 'his own possession'? Ans. He wrote to him 
this, 'If thou run away from him (the purchaser), I have 
nothing to do with thee. Ib.85 l \— [Y. B.Mets. I, end, 8 a ; 
Y. Kid. I, 60 e 131X, v. i?!!*.] T. njlX. 

N£«I, MllK, WW* m. (v. foreg. ws.; cmp. 
IIS, ran, "pn, a. riiSss, "pSa) [circle], night-lodging, station 
for travellers (v. Sm. Ant. s. v. Mansio). Naz. 7 a "list ts 
'XI every station. B. Mets. 79 b ; Ab. Zar. 65 a 'xt 'Xa from 
station to station. — t»eut. B, s. 6 she dared to bring dis- 
order into "]ta tttS X331X (read X311X or mill*, v. infra) 
the royal head quarters. PI. ^SlIX, fmx. Targ. Is. X, 32 
(ed.Vien.'pSIX). [Sabb. 157 b X311X, v. XS'flX II.] [Comment, 
use h. forms' m/lIX, pi. niSIIX.] 

?W1!S$ II, X311X pr. n. pi. (v. foreg.) Avana, on -the 
Tigrish Kid. 71^ 'SI X133X Ar. ed. Koh (oth. ed. Ar. 
X'taSX); Talm. ed, X3T1X1 X153 [Var. msa] Okhbara and 
Avana as bordertowns of Babylonia (v. De Sacy Chrest. 
Ar. I, p. 358 sq.; Koh. in Ar. s. v.). 

*i01Sfc, 'X &ip3 pr. n. m. Nakis TJna(1), a gentile 
name. Git. ll a . 

iC 5 ]^ f. (contr. of M1W, cmp. however ^IX) 1) ear, 
v. pi.— 2) handle of a vessel. Git. 69 b . Sabb. 108 a top — 
3) lobe of a lung. Hull. 59 b ; a. fr.-PJ.-iMK. lb. 38 a 
'X iTTTX moving the ears (as a sign of life in the last 
stages). Yeb. 60 b -p31X» . . . X3pi&a we shall get B. . . 
out of thy ears, i. e. we shall make thee give up thy 
authority (a threat of excommunication). Gen, S. s. 45 
lam "p31X thy ears are those of an ass.— Hull. 47 a 
'31 i31X 'n the lungs have five lobes; a. fr. [Later Habb. 
literature uses Xalx, v. MX, fpr the large lump from 
which the lobes branch oft'.] V. "[WW. 

nK3"lsS f. (131 ;■ cmp. nxjin) l) oppression, ivrong. 
B. Mets. 58 b fiaa 'Xa diiai'nxjix nViia the wrong you 
do by means of words (wounding one's feelings) is worse 
than that by pecuniary imposition. lb. 59 a btist 
'SI 1MBX nxsixa .... Xm one should always be on his 
guard not to wound his wife's feeling, for as her tears 
are frequent nafla nnxsix so. is her sense of wrong 
(sensibility) deep. — 2) (law) imposition, overreaching, 
fraudulent representation (which invalidates the trans- 
action or requires redress) ; hence, redress incase of over- 
reaching. Y. B. Mets. IV, 9 d top, a. fr. whoever concludes 
a bargain '31 'X it pfttttJ nsaa with the provision that no 
legal redress shall be resorted to, is notwithstanding 
entitled to redress.— Denomin. Verb (mix), Hithpa. mixnn. 
to be imposed upon, to feel one's self overreached. Y. B. 
Mets. IV, 9 d top. '31 mixna ISiantlJ nsnin if the seller 
sues for undue advantage taken of him, he has- the 



privilege of redress, provided the advantage amounts to 
one fifth or more of the price charged; if the buyer sues 
&o. [In Babli the denomin. verb is mix, v. i3X.] 

a^iqitf, v. xniw>. 

^Wv.ix&ix. 

*»tTl«5iN, NQWiifcfc ch.^h.m,. oppression, 



(ed. Ven. XffiX:iX; h.. 



tyranny. Targ. Ps. LXXIV, 2 
text nixs !). V. xnisix. 

K&"ttl8, "BIDIS, v. ■*>*«. 

n^i^Ito oppress, v. i3X, and nx3 r ix. 

n^l^II f. (v. px) possession, title of % 
deed. T Gen. B- s. 79 (ref. to the letters ni innaitfip Gen. 
XXXIII, 19) 'SI 'xn aniS'N"n Y'li Yod He (i. e. the 
Lord) writes the deed; the Lord bears witness to the 
deed.— PI. nisix. B. Bath. 52 a 'SI MIBffll 'X deeds of 
purchase and other documents were issued in his name. 

13TX,v. i?ixi. 

. iDiN (b. h.) pr. n. pi. Ono, "W. N. W. of Jerusalem. 
Cant. E. to II, 2; Lam. E. to I, 17. Snh. ll b '■'» ffliX 
Ms. M. (ed. 131X) ; a. fr. V. 131X11. 



0*1^15^, faap 'x (v. liaapJX ; ovos) the pulley of the 
crippled. Y. Sabb. VI, 8 C . (Var. Oi3lh.). 

&1!331!^ (5vt<04) really! verily! Lev. B. s. 33,. 
explain. X12n (Dan. Ill, 14); (Ar. &103X, some ed. &1D31X,. 
corr. ace); Num. B. s. 15.&1B3X (Tanh. Noah 11 naxn). 

rPbtaDIi* Tosef. Kel. B. Bath. IV, 6 ed. Zuck., ed. 

bltBSX, Var. 'ltB2x prob. nitB^X q. v. 

- "oia, nm, v. nxjix. 

ISlStf I msix (i3ix) f.=mix, cmp. xrroix. [The phon- 
eti* coincidence with <5)V^ produced the peculiar use 
of our w. in connection with Greek terms, in the Palest, 
literature.] Gen. E. s. 2 beg. 'si laHsai nnx 'X3 in one 
bill of sale and for the same price. Y. Pes. IV, 31 b bot. 
'31 Xin 'xa &iDTT©ia (read 'Oin&ia) it is a lease with a. 
title of possession (for the term), and is (for the time 
being) an acquisition like a purchase. Y. Kid. I, 60 c 
(131X a. 131X); a. e.— PI. nii31X. Gen. E. s. 84, end 
'SI 'X, has how many deeds were written for him (how 
many times was he sold)?, cmp. "px. [Midr. Till, to Ps. 
CIV, 24; Pesik. Bosh. Hash. p. 151 a , v. m>3ix.] 

h Ji&*II 'X nia pr. n. pi. (Beth) Oni in Palestine, 
prob. identic with 131X. Tosef. Shebi. VII, 14 'X ms iJ6 
(ed. Zuckerm. i.3Xini3, is^ria, Var. isinia) the unripe 
grapes of B. 0. (Beth Yanai).— Y. Git. IV, 46 a -i1&x"'X 
'31 if a slave fled to Oni, he must not be extradited (be- 
cause 0. is a Palestinean place). V. i?in 3. 



«^1», N^Ttf, »^» m. (prob.) (,/■ Ow\ v. 
foreg!,' or pr. n/m. C%ee (=Onias?). Y. Orl. I, 61 a top; 
Y. Sabb. I, 3 C ; ib. (l X^SX B. Joshua Onia, an Amora. 



»"P2"I^ f. (=nX3iX; cmp. Ezek. XL VI, 18) prop. 
oppression, wrong, hence confiscation, dispossession. PI. 
n'PJ'ijt. Midr. Till, to Ps. CIV, 24 (play on oniyoth ibid.) 
'31 'xn l^X those are the oppressive measures which 
they inflict upon Israel, which they order to be written 
out eveny day. *Pesik. B. Hash. p. 151 a ; Yalk. Jer. 312 
nT'atl l-.S^S "i <~l confiscations and fine's (Yalk. Gen. 121 ; 
Lev. B. s/29, a. e. mi3l31X, v. Buber Pesik. 1. c. note). 

fco^iat, v. «#*; 

^J?" 1 ^^ '» TP1 pr- n. pi. Beth-TJnyaki, Bitliynia, in 
Asia Minor (cmp. Neub. Geogr. pp. 262; 422). Yoma 10 a 
'X iVO m SSlh (Ms.M.ipSIX indistinct; oth.Var., v.Rabb. 
D. S. a. 1. note) Tubal means B. Ab. Zar. II, 4 (29 1 ') 
cheese of 'X ITO (Ms.M.ipSlX, ipirs, Mish. Nap. 'p^^m, 
v. Babb. D. S. a. 1.). Tosef. Shebi. V, 9 ip^ilil (ed. Zuck. 
ip^n rtfn fiJiaa read Tl 'S. WtlS) ; Tosef. Ab. Zar. IV, 

13 ip^wi trs (Var.- ixp^in). Cmp. n;3ni a. xpx^x. 

- "pJW m. pi. (prob. pi. of XJiiX ear) bundles of wet 
flax. Sabb. I, 6. Y. Shebi. V, 36" bot.; a. e. [Rashi a. 
Tosaf. to Succ. 12 b y31X as a plur., v. Babh. D. S. a. 1.; 
cmp. , p?i{.] 

D n Ji^ (01311*) 'm. (BSSt) tyrannus, lord, ruler. 
Targ.Y. Ex. II, 16; XVIII, 1. . 

fc$rP!ristf f. ch.=h. n;ix title of possession, deed. Y. 
Taan. IV, 6 9 a '51 'X ^rfWlini they would send the (forged) 
deed of sale to the steward; Lam. B. to II, 2 (corr. ace). 

StfrP^^ or ^"OilS f. ch.=h. n^ix oppression, 
wrong. B. Bath. 22 a '31 ndb'Ql 'X the wrong inflicted on 
the king of Edom. Lev. B. s. 33, beg. (ref. to Amos 
VII, 7, v. ^3X1) 'XI Xllti) bS upon the wall of (i. e. 
watching over) the wrongs (in sale and purchase); cmp. 
B. Mets. 59 a . 

"Pj^W read 'pssip m. pi. (Y.6fyj\, concha) purple 
shells. Targ. Y. Num.' XXXIII, 8 ; cmp. 'vsytp. 



"talS 



Tosef. Shebu. VI, 4 ed. Zuck., 



"^asx. 



^IN, ^THX »■ Pi- (Prob. a nom. gentil., 
from a trading station named "Bills, a compound of X311X 
[a. IS!*?]; cmp.MJX) Avankreans (?), traders. Succ. 30 ab . 
[Ar. identifies our w. with 1J313X which is not in agree- 
ment with the context.] 

"ffiX, v. 13* 

i*J31stf Deut. B. s. 6, read X311!*. 

(711*0311* Lev. B. s. 23, v. NSiSit. 

0311* m. (&3X) compulsion, force; unavoidable inter- 
ference, accident Git. 30 a , a. e. "pr^SS 'X fX the plea 



s 1r?f 

of unavoidable interference cannot be raised in letters 
of divorce (to which a condition is attached). Y. M. 
Kat.III,8i d hot., a. e. toil* nana through no fault of his. 
— PI. tf^ix, T&31X. Ned. Ill, 1, a. e. 'X iTA vows on 
conditions unavoidably unfulfilled. 

0311* m. ch. (v. foreg.) wrong, oppression. Targ. Is. 
LVIlt, 9; 13 'XI l^a offensive (violent) words (h. text 

■jix, cmp. nxsix). 

1*0311* in. ch. (=h. &31X, v. foreg.) force, wrong, 
robbery; accident. Targ. Y. Gen. XXXI, 12.; a. fr.— 
Git. 34 a . 'X dltUa IX shall we take into consideration 
the possibility of an unavoidable accident 1—Pl. x'toil*.. 
Ned. 27 b JCbJial 'X (read ii^Jiai, Bashi XD31X) accidents 
which may be foreseen. 

S*&3l'l* m., pi. -pb3i!*=X&i3!*, 

V031NI, 'X p-iB a corrupt, of btosipriB pr. n. pi. 
"" 'n Mysia, renowned for its marble. Esth. 



b"©31!*, b*©3S* m. (S63) a wooden vessel for the 
reception of refuse', remnants of victuals &c. Tosef. Kel. 
B. Mets. V, 10. Cmp. next w. 

. ab^aw, %«, v. ^m. 

S*p3ll*I Xp31S m. (p3S) neck, meat from the neck. 
Sabb. T 140 b 'X ed.' (Ar. 'S; Ms. M. XpTO). Ber. 44 1 ' '2i ed. 
(Ms. M. 'X). 

^j?3ll*II m. hook, v. ipasiat a. iVpMI*. 

VV^s, v. %«. 

OlpOll* m. (oyxo4) 1) 6wft, pile; (in philosophy) 
a primitive body. Tanh T'rum. 11 b^a Sl» 'X the body 
of water; UJi* >tt) '!* (some ed. blSpilx). 2) trouble, diffi- 
culty, painstaking. Gen. B. s. 12 (ref. to Neh. IX, 6 sq.) 
'31 nin 'xn b3 (ed. d*p31X, corr. ace.) what is all this 
painstaking (creating the universe &c.) for? Ans. Because 
'thou art the Lord who hast chosen Abraham' i. e. for 
the sake of establishing religion on earth; cmp. Midr. 
Till, to Ps. CIV, 18. ' 

"^ll*, '1**2311* f. (v. Xp?!iXI, a. ^p31Xl) 1) neck- 
shaped,, hook, grapple.-— PI. ni*p31X (nixpJW). Kel. XII, 
2 (Var. in Mish. ed. ni^p3*IX). Tosef. ib*B. Mets. II, 4 
(disting. from niX^p3!|X).— [2) for K">p5l!*, v. next w.] 

• ^j^ll* f. (uncia, 007x1a) 1) ounce, one twelfth of a 
litra. T Gen. B. s. 17 S)bS Sffl 'X an ounce of silver. Lam. 
B. to I, 1 ("TO!"!) Xp31X -p ',13&3 (corr. ace.) they bought 
ounce-wise (pepper).— 2) trnsf. a trifle, particle. Y. Taan. 
IV, 68 c top there is not a generation in which there is 
not (to be atoned for through suffering) '31 nnx ipJIX 
(read nnx X^pSIX) a particle of the sin of the calf- 
worship. Ex. B. s. 43, beg. X^plX (corr. ace). Gen. B. 
s. 29; Yalk, Gen. 47; Job. 908 (play on ip3 "'X Job. 
XXII, 30) '31 nnin nnx 'X only an ounce (of merit) did 
Noah possess; v. xni313^X.— PI. mspaix. Gen. B. s. 79, 



end (play on the letters of rrjifflp Gen. XXXIII, 19) 

&1&6D . . b^sbb . . rYnpSlK ttXaa for one hundred (p) 
ounces (of gold) &c. V. &PpW. 

Dir^ia, v.Di^p^. 

iODlb^lS, v. hm^s*. 
b)53W, v . i>t?swn. ' . 

JSOjpinJK oh.=h. ^pS!«*I, hook, &c. Targ. Job. XL, 
26.— PI. 'yb%m. Targ. Y. Ex. XXVII, 10. Lev. (ed. ill). 
Targ.Ez.XL,43 1%>31S0]%53S).— Pem.pl. yilbpiiK. Targ. 
Y. Lev. X, .5. Targ.' Esth. I, 6.— Targ. Y. IIEx. XXVI, 

37 piinilbpSX their hoots. 

Hl'l^W plur. of AJ5MM. 

Jib^li*, v. ^pjwu. 

DibpDlS, DlbjpD^ pr. n. m. (Ocellus?) Onk'los, 
the alleged translator of the Pentateuch into Chaldaic, 
freq. surnahied ISrt the proselyte; often identified with 
Aquila, the alleged author of a Greek -translation of the 
Bible; v,bV<pS. Cmp. Meg. 3 a ; Ab. Zar. ll a , with Tanh. 
Mishp. 5. Cant. E. to I, 11 ^Vlp^ q. v. • 

N^DlbpJIN, v, tPb^SK. 

"'bjpDW I, %53N f. (p3X, with *> format. ; = ip31X; 
corresp. to b. h. "W; Greek adapt. dq-/.oXir), LXX Ex. 
XXVI, 10; cmp. 131S* as to contact of the two languages) 
yvop. little (camel's) neck, hence 1) hook, rack. Kel. XII, 2 
•pBt-O b® 'X Ar. (ed. trrfipSlK, "pbpSIX with adject, in 
the sing., corr. ace.) the carriers' hook attached to 
their yoke, pole &c. lb. 1BS11 bw 'X the hook of the bed- 
stead (used for fastening the girths to the posts); blU 
•psrtpj the rack of the bed-curtain, v. 'ptrtpS. lb. 3 
diVhlsaiB 'X/ hook attached to walls.— T'bul Yom IV, 
6 Srffliip biibtB '3X1 and the hook (attached to the 
now broken yoke) remained unimpaired ; a. fr. — PI. 
nixVp31X, 'p3X, WbpSlX ("pbpSlX). Tarn. Ill, 5; Mid. 
III, T 5; a. fi\— Kel. l'.'c; Tosef. ib. B. Mets. II, 4; v. 
ip31X. — 2) [cmp. ayxaXU in S*.] the load carried on 
the, hook, the farmer's load of sheaves or bunches; cmp. 
ipsibn. Tosef. Maas. Sh. IV, 10. 'Xh bi the whole load. 
[Ib. 11 f'blpSlK, -£p3lX, read with ed. Zuck. iVlSSitf].— 
3) Trnsf. (medic.) bent cartilage, esp. the cartilage (cart, 
ensiformis) at the end of the sternum which, being bent 
inside, presses on the stomach and creates nausea &c.' 
Ab. Zar. 29 a '31 'X 'ji'bsa you are permitted to lift the 
cartilage on the Sabbath (by means of a bandage &c). 
Ib. '31 'x ixa what unklay is meant? Ans. the cartilage 
in front of the heart; v. N3aiFlb">X. 

^bjp^^II, bp31X, rtpS, -bpil f. (bp3, Vp, cmp. 
esp. II Sam. VI, 20 to 22) tte %JW garment, whence, 
a name for the easy dress worn in the house and, under 
the cloak, in the street, but in which it was unbecoming 
to appear in public. [Cmp. II Sam. 1. c. a. Num. E. s. 4 ; 



a: e.] Y. Yoma VI, 43 d top rtep31X, fibpS, for which 
Men. 109 b i*)p31X. Snh. 82 a he took off the point of his 
spear ibp31Xa fthiJill (some ed. "<b — ) and put it (hiding 
it) in his undergarment. M. Kat. 24 a '31 'xa V^BO bax 
(Ms. M. iax b-naa) a mourner may walk on the Sabbath 
within the limits of his house (garden &c.) in the easy 
dress (showing the rent on account of a death in the 
family; Bashi). Sabb. 120 a (garments to be saved from 
fire on a Sabbath) ^p31X; Y. ib. XVI, 15 d top ^5.— 
Meg. IV, 8 (24 b ) 'X mi; (read as) Y. ib. a. Mss. rVa 
'X T* the sleeve of his under-dress. [Tosef. Maas. Sh. IV, 
11, v. foreg. 2.] 

OTa^TN, v. Bwisip*. 

fcODbjW v. KjtAjM*. 

01^ Ar. ed. pr., Ms. blX q. v. 

^blltf m. pi., prob. iJSi&ia, name of a tribe. Targ. 
Ps. CXX, 5, v. X^bix (some ed. 1X31X). 

^bltSDI^ Midr. Sam. ch. XI, v. -bum. 

"WN, NF&1N (or 'IN) m. pi. ( jA]X soft, into IX;' 
cmp. ^X, t)3X; also bSX) nose, nostrils. Sabb. 67 a iblXXl 
NrWlSI and on the nostrils of the young lioness. B. 
Bath. 73 b niai m i-ibax mbixa !-rt>5> pitei Ms. B. 
(ed. "tsixa xsid srbax rrt xarm, Ms. M. nbax, Ar. ed. 

Koh. incorr., v. Babb. D. S. a. 1.) into whose nostrils 
a 'mud-eater' (worm) entered, and the fish died. Pes. 
112 a '3l'xiblXX Nil (Ms. M. a. Ar. XSfi-X) putting the 
hand to the nose is a step to fear (indicating anxiety). 
Hull. 67 b S-JiiblNa i^iisi and they (the worms) creep into 
its nostrils. 

n D"l!tf, v. X*blX. 

50015$ Pes. IIP, v. X^bX. 

fc^DIStf Targ. I Chr. Chr. I, 5; a. e. read with ed. 
Bahmer X^bla; cmp. Yoma 10 a ; Y. Meg. I, 71 b bot. (h. 
text T$a). T [Targ. Y. II Gen. X, 2 X^b3X; Gen. E. s. 37 
.«W6t '(misplaced); corr. ace] 

i^OW f. a. certain portion of meat, v. X^iix. 

fc^&W (""OIS) f. (ouaia) substance, (landed) prop- 
erty, farm, estate. Gen. B. s. 49 ibix (corr. ace.).' — Num. 
B. s. 23 '31 'X "ja fllflSBJ maid-servants from another 
estate. Y. Taan. IV, 69 a ; Lam. B. to II, 2 'iX (corr. ace). 
Lev. B. s. 34.— PI. S-iiiWX. Ex. B. s. 20. Ch. pi. 'jXidlX, 
'XiiplX. Lev. B. s. 3, beg. he likes to be called 'bx iTO 
(corr. ace.) lord of many estates; Koh. B. to IV, 6 &XiiblX 

" 1 0"0" l 0*ll$ Y.Ab. Zar. V, end, 45 b 'X b l,read ibi£sbi3«T 



N'mDia Gen.B.s.1- 

■'blDOW, v. w& 



8DEp*a 



- WD&W m, pi. &ODJ2&1N (ddS=d&HII) [the 
glistening.] surname of an Egyptian tribe. Targ'. Ps. 
LXVIII,32 (Var. S*3aMH, a. Mails the dark.). Cmp. LXX 
XacjAO^iEiiA, for bVlbbs; Gen/x, 14; v. Fiirst. H. Diet, 
s. v. nbtO.; Ges. H. Diet. s. v- tiffin. 

. xxm, v. wwj. 

fj&W m. (b. h. &.DX, d&S) gathering in. Snh. 94 1 ', 

NT^D^, v. S^Q&S. 

ISCfOj^pllK, NrpD'Ipp f. (p&3; cmp.SSptta) aseewrf- 
inff, landing. 'Sn xbaS landing board. Snh. 67 h dpi 
'SI 'SS Ar. (ed. '3p&1T '3 dpi read with Eashi VlpOl, 
Ms. M. srrap&iS, oth. var. v. Rabb. D. S. a. 1.) and he 
found himself standing on a landing board (ed. and there 
stood before him &c). 

^pitf I (=v|S) too, also. (Yer. Dial.). Targ. Y. Num. 
XVI, 13; a. fr.— Y. Dem. I, beg. 21 c S3F1 'S here too. 



S]i» II n 



nature, v. ' 



"^(tf, "^JDIIS f. pi. (=^35> Dan. IV, 9; cmp. b. h. 
t|3S, a. sa^S, SS3S) branches, esp. rfry toiys, spray-wood. 
Ber. 44 b sn^d-iB 'S twigs of Persian trees. Hull. 105" 
'SI &OJ1S Ar. (ed. ""BIS) a bundle of twigs. B. Mets. 30 h . 
Git. 61 a "'"'SIS ill!) (Ar. "©IS) threw twigs down (which 
he cut off), and dates fell off (v. Tossaf. a. 1.). 

THIS f. (C]iS m.) (b. h. O^BS; v. SBS; cmp. Sfl'SI) 
face, looks, whence, nature, disposition, ways &c. Y. 
Shek. I, 45 d '31 bw 'S bs Tm$b il3"> fins 'pS You cannot 
understand the nature of that people. Lev. R. s. 30 
in bUJ IBIS Ar. ed. Koh. (ed. pr. IBIS, ed. 1BK) David's 
ways. Y'lamd. Vaethh. (quot. in Ar.) 'who is that nation' 
rVSTvbl* )>W ISIS nsili STHIJ Ar. ed. Koh. (oth. ed. iBIK) 
that knows the ways of her God (what he desires &c); 
v. Yalk. Deut. 825.— Gen. B. s. 14 end 'Srt IT nal!53 
n'shamah (breath, soul) means the disposition, character, 
as people say SSB SfY'Sisn the good nature! 

iO&i&t (fcOSifO f. (SpS; v. t)3S; b. h. 2BS) what 
is blown off, foam, froth. Ab. Zara 2fr a Kail 'S^s Ms. 
M. (ed. sras-i, v. Rabb. D. S. a. 1., a. Ar. ed. Koh. 
iSS) as the foam of the Sea [river] ; (Ar. as logs c 
river, v, SB&1S, ''SMS). --lb. 70 1 ' 'S &«3ip3 rmsi (Var. S 
ft, v. Babb. D. S. a. 1. note 20) she took the froth off. 
Hull. 105 b 'S (Ar. fl). 

1"P&")!tf m. (Sit to v) poppy-juke, opium. Y. Ab. Zar. 
II, 40* top S133& 'S 'jflS an opium drink (prepared by a 
gentile) is dangerous. 

^tm twi 



fcCSlStf (S^BBIS f.) (-(SS) destruction, 



[.. to T Ili, 13 (expY IPS 






(Var. iT^iSiS) the children of those he laid in ruins; 
v. S^a^S.' [Differ, in Esth. B. to I, l 1 ', v. SS^BIS a. 
s^as.] 

"pTBlltf Tosef. Ter. II, 4, v. d^ViSS. 

m. pi. (uTrojxvrjjxaTa) public records, acts. Ex. B. s. 28 
a king wanted '31 yin 'S mfflsb to pass acts without con- 
sulting the lieutenant-governor (hyparch). 

"pTj?*©"lltf m. pi. (officialis, 6<p<pixtaXioc) subord- 
inate officials, constables. Y'lamd. Balak (quot. in Ar. s. 
v. Vibo.) 'IS ed. Koh. lb. 'pipiSS hVffi (con-, ace.) he sent 
constables (for her son). 

StfrPS'"^ f. ch. (=h. -«is) nature, disposition. Gen. 
R. s. 14, 'end, v. ^SIS. 

teia, psta, v. •*«*. 

3&1S m. (b. h. ]=BS) darkness. Gen. R. s. 89, beg. 
v. n£ss. 

^SIs^ m. (b. h.; IBS, ]/>, v. SlJS) 1) wheel— 2) (with 
ref. to Ezek. I, 1 5) pr. n. Of an, name of an angel. Hag. 
13 1 '.— PI. D13S1S. lb. 12 b . B. Hash. 24 b .— [In liturgic 
literature di3S1S and "BIN are used as the names of a 
section of the morning prayers ; v . S3S1S.] 

j£)"lcs m. (b. h. "]BS; v. foreg.) turn, method, plan. 
[In iater Hebr.: method of interpretations*)*}.] — PI. 
di?BiS; Du. d^SBIS. Buth. R. s. 2, beg. You will soon 
find out '31 B!-6lB d^3BlS (Yalk. Josh. 7 di3BlS) their plans 
(strategic movements). Ab.d'R.Nath. (ed. Taussig, N'veh 
Shal. p. 12) 1">3S1S bs in its proper way. 

WSilK ch.=h. IBIS.— PI. S*_33is. Targ. Ezek. X, 13. 
— fT*|B1S that section of the morning prayers beginning 
with v'haofannim and describing the angelic praises. 
Y. Ber. V, 9 C bot. 

sSjsDIN ch.=*|Bis. turn, interpretation, qualification. 
Y. Deni.VI, 25>> bot. SaflOb rrt 'S )lb TP\> 'S we do not 
recognize an interpretation (of an agreement, so as to 
say, '31 1alS3 hTO3 'it means as though they had said—'); 
no qualification is admissible for an unqualified agreement. 

D^&BW m. du. (cmp. &BS— , a. &B, MSB) palms of 
the hand. Mekh. B'shall. Vayissa, s. 3, to Ex. XVI, 12 
the Mannah came down '31 'isn Vs on the hands of the 
Lord, as if it were to say, the Lord held forth &c. [In 
some ed. T&MS.] 

"p&BW m. pi., v. foreg. 

yDODIS, v. r?was, 

NsTIsIkS f. (v. ^Biis) prop, the large central branch, 
hence trunk, stalk. Succ. 32 a 'S Sa^SI inay I not say 
(as you insist on the palm-branch being kafuth, tied, 
joined) that I must use the stalk? — Hull. 47 lj lungs 
resembling 'S^> a trunk (in color, touch &c). lb. 16 a 
'SS 3.1H31 I"i1 a Vav. written on a trunk (being broken 
on account of the rough surface=i(We-te&). 



fW (b. h.; J^IX, v. ilXI; cmp. fSX; v. "pM a. nXh) 
fo Jc pressed (to press, hurry). — Part. STStix, pi. "piix (as 
from>l2X, v. yin, iin) squeezed in. Tosef. Kel. B. Mets. 
IX, 5 113.fi 'X (Var. "pilii) when they are squeezed in 
(tight), they are considered as connected for levitical 
purposes. 

SSitil^lftf , v. X5J32X a. "WSSX. 

&OXW, v; X1.2X. ' 

■jl^TaTlK read pir^X, v - <*V^. 

■{SIS, y. iSi*. 

"KIN m. (b. h.; 13X) store-house, magazine; prov- 
ision; hoarded up treasure. B. Bath 58 a ; Git. 67 a , v. 
dia a. Dia. Ab. Zar. 40 b ; v. pfiSSl; a. fr.— Esp. treasury, 
the' (Roman) government's treasury department where 
taxes in kind and money had to be paid. T. Dem. VI, 
end, 26 a 'xi ill is ilpllil and pay for me in the treasury- 
department. Tosef. Dem. VI, 4 'Xrt ]V -iVtnn ilpffll (read 
'Xil ix). lb. 3 'xi ipTOI ed.Zuck. (ed.incorr. 121X1). lb. 4 
'X!1 "a "VIBIS get me a release from the treasury-dep. 
— Y. Dem. 1. c. 'Xfi ]V 13HIJ1& (read 151TJI&). Ab. Zar. 
7i a 'xi, ''x."i ia, Ms. M. (ed. isis>); cmp. "as}.— PI. rriixix. 
B. Bath. ll a 'X 1155 Ms. (ed. 'X omitted),', v. t55.— Hag. 
12 b '31 Sill) hiiaist the stores of snow &c. (in the heavens); 
a. fr. V. rlilSX, mi 'X. 

iCKiStf ch. same. Targ. Jerem. XXXVIII, 11 ; a. 
fr.— A T *|"miX, X1121X. Targ. Gen. XLI, 56; a. e. 

D^lpltf, read ^ipx, v. -,ip«- 

tfTrcapiN, "ntapw, v. -apx. 

' ^pi^=b^iX, v. dip. . 

n p*lH, v. uplX. 

*2^p ! ]X f.=Xip51X [?] Ex. E. s.43, beg.— [PI. iiplX. 
Ber. 44 b 'xnild 'X XrTHi5a, Ar.s. v. isisi; 'than six oiin- 
cess of fine flour'.— Ed. Th-p ; Ms. M. omits the entire 

OWplN, v. ais^pix. 

"^plfct (Muss.ipllX) Cant. E. to VII, 8, read &13iipiX. 
'X "pas inundating like an Ocean tide ; v. Oi3a. 

DtD^pTS, DT3^pTS, O^plN m. ('Qxlavbs) 
Ocean, mostly Mediterranean Sea. Targ. Y. Gen. I, 7 ; 
a. e.— Y. Hall. IV, 6ft a bot.; a, fr.— Tanh. Haye 3, and 
so. is nail CP 'X the Okeanos called the Sea of (covering) 
the dead. [Var. 'p31X, 'p3X.] 

D'piStf Af. of dip ch. 

NrfiQ^pIN f. (dip) raising, [rising]. Targ. Ps. 
CXXXIX, 2 [prob. XfllapiX]. 



"J'O'p'lN, read yiipix. 

NSplK, v. saps. 

TIN I (b. h.; yiX, v. ilXII; cmp. 110, Tan, ■ a. sec. r. 
11X) to perforate, break through, shine.- — Denom. lilX, 
niixa &c. 

Nif. 11XJ to be broken through, grow light. Y. Ber. I, 
2 C mtan lixiffla from the time the Eastern horizon is 
broken through, grows light. 

Hif. liXfi 1) (neut. v.) to break through, shine. Y. ib. 
Ill, 6 C bot. open thy lips "p131 lliSOl and let thy words 
come forth, speak out boldly. Yoma III, 1 '31 is "OB 'rt 
it has grown light all over the Eastern horizon. — tPSB 
nilixa bright countenance. Num. B. s. 11; a. e. — 2) (act. 
v.) to enlighten, brighten, make shine. Y. M. Kat. Ill, 83, b 
'31 11515) 'rt (the teacher had opened his (Samuel's) 
eyes &c. B. Mets. 33 a . Num. B. 1. c. Ib. tlX dilixa 
natafl (fr. Mai. I, 10) making the altar bright (with 
fire), feeding the fire on the altar. Yoma 73 h , v. 11X. 

"I iN ch. same. Part. pass. 11X5 clear. Targ. Prov. IV, 

25 yiiX5, 11X5, v. 115. ' 

TIN II m. (b. h. ; foreg.) breaking forth (cmp. Is. 
LVIII, 8) whence 1) break of day, light, day; fire; trnsf. 
rise, glory, power, happiness.- Ber. 2 b 111X nxi3 the 
entrance of his day-break (dawn of his eighth day; 
Tosaf. a. 1. the sunset of his seventh day). Y. Pes. I, 
beg. 27 a Mann 'X sun-light. Ib. 15!1 'X candle light. 
Keth. lll b Slim 'X light of the Law. B. Bath. 4 a ilix 
dil5> ill} intellectual light of the wold (a great man; 
the Law). Num. E. s. 15 lisa ittJ 11X the celestial fire 
(believed to be the source of all light and fire) ; a. v. fr. 
2) (breaking in of night) twilight, evening. Pes. I, 1 'X 
'31 .15)3ixi on the evening (eve) of the fourteenth day 
of Nissan ; v. discussion ibid. 2 a sq., about the meaning 
of our w. E. Hash. 22 b ; Snh. 70 b 111312 'xi the evening 
following the eventual intercalation, i. e. the evening 
from the thirtieth of the past to the first of the beginn- 
ing month.— 3) (homil.=filiXII) rue. Gen. E. s. 20 in 
the Pentat. of E. M. it read '31 11X hlSHS (in place of 
115* Gen. Ill, 21) this alludes to the garments of Adam 
resembling the rue, wide below and narrow above; Ar. 
(Eashi cliff.). 

"llSl m. (b. h.; foreg.) prop, light, flame; esp. PI. 
biaini dillX the Urim and Tummim in the High-priest's 
breast-plate. Yoma 73 b d!Tiai fix Bilixall) 'X they are 
called Urim because they give their decisions in a clear 
way (not ambiguous as the oracles); cmp. Y.ib.VII, end, 
44 c . Sot. IX, 12. Y. Kid. IV, beg. 65 b . 

*TINlI m. (=1© q. v.) chaff. Y. Ab. Zar. II. 40 d 

',115)251 'X chaff of barley; (Y. Sabb. XIV, 14<> /pStol 119). 

NTlNl ch.=11X, PI. XillX the Urim. Targ. Num. 
XXVII, 21 ; a. e. 

"'SOI!!* II m. (h; 115)) skin. Y.Ned. Ill beg. 37 a nillX 
(read SYilllX?, v. 11X1); v. however Y. Shebu. Ill, 34 d . 



nawiK 



1 teaching, decision. Targ. Ez. 



mm f. ch.= f 

VII, 2*6 J a, e. 

fcOlIN, ^3*1^ m. (31!*, 3.19 to braid, interlace &c.) ; 
pi. ''ailSt, "'SlSt meshes, void spaces, intervals. Sabb. 50 b 
'1st TJii ed. (At. 131st, Var.-olSt, v. SOIstI; "ttist, v. Ar. 
ed. Koh. s. v. "Oil*, note) between the meshes or void 
spaces between the bricks. Git. 69 b . B. Bath. 3 a (Ms. 
W\ oth. Var. v. Babb. D. S. a. 1. note). 

W 1 3"1 ! 1S m. (3.18, v. foreg., cmp. ^30, -j3b) brier, 
nettle or a similar plant (corresp. to h. 1B1&). Targ. II, 
Esth. II, 7 (Ar. Sti331St). 

W3"1W, pi. ^JSIISt m. (v. foreg.; cmp. ,131s) ZwZ- 
rushes. Sabb. 101 a 'ijtl "<ip (some ed. 'IStl) reeds and 
bulrushes. Snh. 82 b '31 's6 "Op "p3 what has Sh'vilnai 
(a woman) to do between the reeds and the bulrushes? 
(prov. for suspicious movements of women). B. Bath. 6 a 
v. stasis. 

pDITllltf m.pl. (v. foreg.) name of a seasoning reed. 
Erub. 34 b .\ 

. TTlfct Kid. 12 a , 'Stl SOW, read '^Wl or 11 listl, v. 

fcf'TTl&V Keth. 67 a 'Stl ipffl (Ms. SfmlSt, ed. St*lil) 
prob. pr. n. pi. TJrdaya, Bodaya, [or identical with 
foreg. w.?]. 

.."W^TI^, v. KJVWW/ 

n^T~l^ m. (=^WiK, fH) crushing tool, pestle. Targ. 
Prov. kkvll, 22 some ed. (oth. t^lllSt q. v.). [The entire 
verse is corrupted, combining the traditional vers, with 
one from which LXX is translated.] 

nSfT"^!^ f. (v. ISflTB, and its hebr. phonet. equival. 
S11BX) #W- Koh. B.'to V, 8. Lev. B. s. 22 ("|OT11St fem.). 

"jmia, v. f r eg . 

ft^T)^ f. (v. foreg.) a disease of the tongue, rana 



(frog).'Y.'8abh. XIV, 1 






iTTl&tl f. (b. h.=11St) %W, »l. Y. Pes. II, 29 a 
'SO I^Sta clear as the sun. Zeb. 19 b , a. e. 's6 firf cfay- 
&reafe. Gen. R. s.3 beg.; a. fr.— Chald. Adv. i"llist3> 
at first sight, apparently. Keth. 54 a sta^ni \>Stla!D3 T 'st3b 
apparently it would run (agree) with Samuel, W«Sa "p 
'31 but when you consider &c. 

rili^II f.; pi. nilist (b. h. rllSt, II- Kings IV, 39; 
prob/fr. hist) herbs, esp. rocket. Toma 18 b , expl. Iiaia 
(etymol. '31 hfPStaiB; cmp. Plin. XX, 13 quofc in Low 
Aram. Pfl. p. 93). [Gen. B. s. 20 IIS rue; v. list II, 3.] 



fTTlH, part, of nist, v. 

■ "pITTM, v. I^list. 

nf.m v. r«n a. 



&C0T"Vl2!t, v. »57is*n ch,, a. iisti. 

: ^Jib-hia, v. rtfw*. 

*" 1 '!DOniS, a corrupt., prob. 'past&il, m. (£o<j<xto 
rosatum) vin-aux-roses, rose-wine. Y. Shebi. VII, beg. 3' 
■ntB-'St (Mas. laOl^St) rose- wine is permitted in tl 
Sabbath year. 

T"]l'S m. (cmp. SpuCa, b. h. r. nst to be hard) rk 
Ber. 37 a ; a. fr. — Pes. 35 a (opinions as to its classification 
with ref. to Passover laws). Cmp. list. 

NJH1N, XJIIK, ty"H)X ch. same. Targ. Y. Num. 
XV, 19 "illSt.— Y. Sabb. T Ili, 6 b top 'TllSt. Pes. 50 b 'list 
(Ms. M. HIS; ib. 51 a top Wilt, corr. ace). lb. H4 b 6 

^b\n^, Vbrm m. Cm with anorg. 1; 
StWiS) 1) a slender young animal, esp. ffie ^omm^ 0/ the 
gazelle or any similar animal (Beem). Targ. Cant. II, 9 
St^Stl 'X (h. text -IBS). Zeb. 113 b Stall ri3 Stain 'St 
(read 13); B. Bath. 73 b (corr. as Zeb. 1. c; v. Eabb: B. 
S. a. 1. note) a young antilope one day old. Num. B. 
s. 11; Cant. B. to II, 9; Pesik. E. s. 15 Sthbusa 'St 
('31 TirrVintS pi.) young deer.— PI. TViniSt, "list; ^nx. 
Targ. Cant. IV, 5; VII, 4. B. Bath. 74 b Stan iWlSt 
(Ms. M. iVtlfct) sea-gazelles— [2) hammock, v. Stbnst.] 

S^"JW, !T^7I« m. pi. (StlUSt) a rice dish 
(prepared with wine). [Oth. opin. cedar-fruits ; millet.} 
Y. Maas. Sh. II, beg. 53 b . Y. Yoma VIII, 45 a 'top; Y. 
Shebu. in, 34 b bot. nuitllSt (corr. ace). 

tlTlS*, TTTiZt m. (b. h. rjlst; filst) wayfarer, esp. 
guest. Ber. 58 a ; a. fr. — Euphem. menstruation. Nid. 16 a 
(cmp. Gen. XVIII, 11 orah). Lev. B. s. 4.— PI. DTTtist, 
•jWISt. — 'St M333PI the invitation of guests, hospitality. 
Sabb. 127 a ; a. fr. 

rnia, xtrris, ^rj-is$ c .=h. w, roU ^ 

way. Targ. Jud\ V, 6; a"! 'frT— Stsnst 'St (h. pst -."pi) 
custom. Ab. Zar. 2 b ; a. fr. — Jtniial 'St a usual incident. 
Git. 29 a ; a. fr.— -jHIISt 33St, mrm 3SSt &c. on thy road 
(his road &c), i. e. by the way, occasionally, incidentally. 
Ber. 2 a . Snh. 95 b ; a. fr— Gen. E. s. 100 'St bs for the 
journey (death). Targ. Y. II, Gen. XXXV, 9 StaVsrt Stmst 
the way of the world (death).— PI. )tr\% 'jrj'TSt; Jtlnn"iS<. 
Targ. Jud. 1. c. Targ. Y. II Gen. XLIX, 17;' a. e.~ s'nh. 
109 a n>inb n*mist twrp (missing in Ms. M., v. Eabb. 
D. S. a. 1. note) thou hast shown the thieves the ways 
(of -stealing).— [Strrtist guest,- v. StrilSt.] 

"H'lStf pr. n. m. (b. h.) TJri, an Amora. Y. Ber. II, beg. 
4 a '» "1 Win "I B. Huna in the name of E. U. 

m'tf Af. of m 



^^"liS teaching, v. Stylist. 



»i1.1S 



utrm, r™i, rnw f. (v. ■*« a. m) ««*. 

ing horizon, Sun-set, West, v. St3isa. B. Bath'. 25 a i&ta 
I-Pllst ed. (Ar. SOIlSt) why is it called Uryal T\^ "mst (Var. 
list) divine air (divine light=Palestine). Kid. 12 h Stn 
SVHlStS iirib St3iSt Ar. (ed. fW'St, emend, in Tossaf. 
nillst), [read with h"3: '31 Stt^Bt ilast Stn] but people 
say, there are witnesses in the West &o. Cmp. '|MOSt. 

aniis, r™n, a'nia f. (b. h. *™ q . v . ; 

^isfc, iiist) pile of plucked plants, stalk, shed containing 
feed {lilt. fr. taist granary).— PZ.nisrilSt, ^"lUS (nii-llSt). 
Tosef. Maasr. II, 20 ed. Zuck. (Var. rrmistj; ib. Erub. 
VI (V), 4; Erub. 55 b Ar. (ed. relist, MlllSt, v. Babb. 
D. S. a. 1. note). [In bibl. h. nilSt crib, stable q. v.] 

Itf^HW, JOTfiK ch. (=b. h. hlist) crib; stable. 
TargTls. 1, 3 (h. text Ma* q. v.).— Snh. 98 b ni^!|>« SO&10 .... 
a horse is placed at his (the ox's) crib., i. e. Israel is 
displaced and other nations feed on his soil.' — M. Kat. 
10 b 'St iSiab to build a stable (during the festive week). 
[Targ. II Esth. VI, 10; 11 St^lSt, read Stylist stable.]— 
PI. ^iist, stniiiist, &trni"ist (stn^iist). Targ. n Chr. ix, 

25; I* Kings "v,' 6. Targ." II Esth. I.e. (Stn^llSt prob. 
sing.); a. e. 

^^liHor^; - ! 5 ]^ Him. (horreum,pl.horrea, cLpetov, 
Spiov; v. Sm. Ant. s. v.) store-house, store (of all kinds). 
Tanh. B'resh. 7 .rttins i*sffi 'St ^1 all my stores are in 
that ship.— PL SPsmiSt (ch. form). Targ. I Chr. XXI, 13. 
— ni&t"«11St (h. form). Targ. II Chr. XXXII, 28 (h. text 
rras&a).' V. T^ix, Tjii'nst. 

^"HW pr. n. Uriel, name of an angel. Targ. T. 
Deut." XXXIV, 6.— Num. E. s. 2. 

^TiN, v. ^-mi. 
/THIN I, II, v. soiist. 
TVHyH, v. stylist. 

8^71**, v. stnist. 



fctrfnix rr~ri5*) f. en% Af. ^x=h. s-nin) i) »«- 

struction, the Law, Bible-verse. Targ. Lev. VI, 7 ; a. fr. 
—'SO .nVw (=niin iisi) religious discourse, lesson, 
remarks &c. T. B. Bath. VIII, 16 a Stylist; Y. Taan. Ill, 
66 c bot. SttV« . . . — Y. Snh. I, 18° 'SO ^33 'jW^BSt he 
entertained them with religious discussions. Y. Hor. Ill, 
beg. 47 a 'Stl nVra ~p> TTO be prepared for a religious 
discourse. Y. Shek. Ill, 47 c top nsaffi Strati 'St "<Sta what 
novel interpretation hast thou heard? Y. Yeb. II, 4 a top 

f-pi-n&t Still )U from what verse?— Taan. 4 a Tima 'St 

mV it is the zeal of study that makes him warm (ex- 
cited). Kid. 71 b "TO53 IWniSt my instruction is accept- 
able, but my daughters are not desired. Sabb. 116 h 



TWSft 'St the Mosaic dispensation (opp. WlHSt 'St the 
new dispensation, v. '(IIN).— Strrv^isO (sub. tldbn^h. ' ( a 
mini!) an enactment founded on the Bible tetft, opp. 
■pail. Succ. 44 a 'St 1 ! 3blVLulab, the law concerning which 
is Biblical &c; a.fr. — StrYTiliswa, adv. biblically, according 
to the Biblical law, opp. yjinia. Pes. 10 a ; a. fr.— 2) the 
Torah, the scroll containing the Pentateuch, used at 
divine service. Y. Yoma VII, 44 b top SOIlSt SOU &ivi Is 
when you have no more than one scroll. Y. Md&. IV, 
75 b hot.; Y. Sot. VII, end, 22 a fi^llSt Stlin 13 (corr. 
as Y. Yoma 1. c). Ib. '31 sttv- St yfewa jtin- there (in 
Babylon) the Torah is carried to the Eesh Galuiha. — 
Stylist 13 a scholar, man of learning. Yoma 78 a . Hag. 
14 a SOISt (corr. ace); v. next w. 

1^"ll^,']^^n^m.same;l)theLaw.Sabb,3i b , Ib. 
88 a iStfi^n'St thethreefold law(Pentat.,Proph.,Hagibgr.). 
—2) scholarship, authority to teach and judge. Be*. 12 a 
IStillst 13 ed. (Ms. M. SOIlSt); v. foreg. w — [3) *authoHty, 
office. Gen. B. s. 50 "pllSt ma ed. (Ar. ymma, Lev. E. 
s. 26 •piha) place of office. V. 'piima] 

^^I^II, ^"Hltf (v. foreg.) pr. n. m. Orytiti, 
Oryon. Esth, B. beg. 'St sast, Abba 0. (cmp. St^St). Y. 
Sabb. X, 12 d top yinst 13 pns\ 

"^"lW f - O- ioie S- ws.) officer's or teacher's chair. , 
M. Kat. T 21 b ; 27 a hVlla 'St Ms. M. (v. Babb. D. S. a. l.j 
ed. 'list) a high (teacher's) chair. V. iS^IS. 

T^TlSS m. (horrearius, ojpeiapio;, v. Stylist, l^linst) 
store-keeper, used in the sense of l^bist. Y. B. BathV IV, 
beg. 14° 'Stn Slpa (Tosef. ibid. Ill, 3' 'Jiliib'IStn n^3) the 
clothes-keeper's room.— PI. 'pl^list. Y.l. c. ^IlllSt, "llllSt 
(corr. ace.) Toh. VIII, 7 'pISTTlSt (corr. ace.; Tosef. ib. 
VII, 8 'jilSt^lSt). 

^~\' 1 ' 1 ~ll5< ch. sariie.— PI. Stylist. Targ. I Chr. 
XXVII, T 25; XXVI, 22 (ed. Eahm. S^ilSt, corr. ace.; Var. 

st^iiist, h. text nnsist \n). 



VS^m, v. st^ist. 

rr-flx, v. st^sti. 



rnD"»"njA, v. w$. 

isrBD'niin, v. stylist. 

!]"lii^ m. (b. h. T]ist, "51st) length, lengthiness. Midr. 
Sam.'ch. XIII, nai nin 'B*f1 tel and why all this length- 
iness (of speech). 

fcCniltf ch. same, length. Targ. 0. Gen. VI, 15 
[Constr. T(liit Targ. Y. Ex. XXVI, 13 ; Targ. 0. ib., corr. 
ace.]— Sabb. 140 b '31 'Stl SOTO ^3 BMIB a load (of twigs) 
is a load, and the length goes in the bargain (the price 

arvDTis, arfDHia f. (=™™) ' » ' Mga 

(of life). T Targ. PsT XCI, 16; a. e.— 2) waiting, hope. 



■atietfoa 



Ibid. XXXIX, 8; a. e. — 3) tarrying. Targ. Y. Deut. 
II, 3J. 

C^D*!^ pr. n. m. Urkhanes. Y. Yeb. VIII, 8 d bot. 
(allusion to a case concerning the child of a certain U., 
otherwise unknown). 

$DD"fi!tf B. Kam. 70 a ; Shebu. 33 b , v. XP3T1X2). 

T'Jlb'lTK, ^ibT"l1» m. (ApoXtyov) horologe, 
time-piece. Y. E. Hash. I, 57 b top. Pesik. E. s, 15 ; a. e. 

^w, v. t?*. 

I'Ti&tj &0"Vl!tf ch-h.^X. Targ.Is.XL,20;XLIV,14. 

*Dl3~fli<, C3"]2s^ m. pi. ^IX, '13X (^djxvo?, 
rhamnus) a kind of prickly shrubs, used for medical 
purposes and carried in lengthy bundles (v. D. 0. Gr. 
s. v., a. Sm. Ant. s. v.). Sabb. 91 b 'IX ed. (Ms. M. '2X; 
Ar. ibmx). [As to Ti, 13 for aspirate r, v. Lidd. a. Scott, 
Gr. Lex, 7 th ed. s. lit. P.] 

"ppiDTllS, lipoma, v. yvpvm. 

£0"l1stf m., l^TTlSHl'S f. (SIX) mee*%. 'X^> with 
suff. of pers. pron., to meet—, against— .Targ. Prov. VII, 
10 (ed. Vien. "TlSi); 15. Targ. Ps. XXXV, 3 WlixV- 

lyfit, v. next w. 

StfrP^IIStf f. (SIS; corresp. to h. WIS) wasp, hornet 
(collect.). ! Targ. Y. Ex. XXIII, 28; a. e'.—Pl. XrWIlX. 
Targ. Y. Deut. I, 44; a. e.— W1X, rM^IX. Targ. Y. Lev. 
XI, 20 ed. pr. (corr. vowel signs; later ed. rT>&T1!!t). Y. 
, Sabb. I, 3 b bot. '31 X^blbl SttlS^lh the mite in the horse's 
carcass turns into hornets. [Cmp. same ideas among the 
Greek, Sachs Beitr. II, 92; Mean Ther. 741.] 

' MitBmS, v. Miftm*. 



arnw f. 

bhe or of the 
Y. Sot. I, 17' 



J) evening, night. Pes. 2 al 
is evening. Ber. 3 b ; 



top, v. mi 

E^N, E511& Pa. % (/11X, v. tllX; cmp. SqlX, 
tpx, S]SX, iSlX, "bnst, 33X) l) to blow vehemently, make 
noise, shout. B. Mets. 86 a 'SI 'XI Xpit 3U5i the wind blew 
and howled between the branches. Ber. 50 a 111)11X1 ^I^X 
'31 because all shouted, the prayer was not heard. lb. 
1313. s"3 iffliix they all shouted 'bar'khu'.— Erub. 97 b 
JttlVra XW1X the thing grows loud, becomes known. Hull. 
46 b 'XI fiX^I lungs which give out a sound when blown 
up (indicating perforation). Ber. 58 a XlflllX Xp h 3 (Ms. 
M. 'X Vp ISatil) when shouting was heard.— 2) to swell, 
to be large, fulsome, lengthy (in wording). E. Hash. 35 a 
5113^3 ifflllXI mi»a (Ms. M. iXlp ) because the bene- 
dictions are numerous and lengthy. Ned. 2 b dlffia "pin 
'31 'XI because the last named propositions are lengthy, 
he explained first what he had commenced with. 

EJIfctl (v. foreg; cmp. UJi, ttjix) to be strong, exist. 
Nithpol. UiSiixn? to be confirmed. Gen. E. s. 67 ; s. 78 



■]TO "i 'p'Vil when were the blessings made sure &c. 
Cmp. UJffiX. 

ttJWlI m. (fflfflX 2, cmp. foreg.) plpffiix foundations. 
B. Kam. 50 a 'xb IBIfi digs excavations for supporting 

NEW, 2ti$M O^IN) ch. same, also fortification. 
Targ. Cant. VIII, ''9.— PL X*1B1X. [Ezra IV, 12; a. e.]. 
Targ. I Kings Vn, 7; VI, 16 J a. e. [Targ. Mic. I, 6 ed. 
Ven. XfllBlX her foundations. Targ. Y. Ex. IX, 18 XSlffliX 
(corr. 'IX)]. [Not to be conf. with XtTHS)X]. 

i^fflW pr. n. pi. TJhsa, in Galilee; freq, the scene of 
•rabbin, synods and enactments during and after the 
Hadrianio persecutions. Keth. 50 a 'XI xnSalUI ma 
master of the traditions of IT. (in whose name they are 
quoted). [lb. 'XI Xbl*>31X3 ^Xp, read xrdb'TO engaged 
in teaching the laws passed at IT.] E. Hash. 31 b ; a. fr. 

ann T ^&w™3x. 

fcOTlEEJiX f. (Biai) stretching forth, obtaining.— 
XT 1 twmi.acquisition, business. Targ. Deut. XII, 7; a. e. 

WT^W, v. xn^x. 

"^EJW, " l 3S5< a. word in a eharm formula, sup- 
posed to mean day. Sabb. 67 b 'IX Ar. (ed. 'USX, Ms. M. 
ipfflilX). Cmp. Tosef. Sabb. VII (VIII), 1. 

PpttjW, v. t(Ste. 

X&lt^W m. ch. (=h. S)SSJ; fptt), |/"C]3, cmp. S]31X) 
worker in leather, saddler, shoemaker. Git. 6S h . ~Pl. 
iSStlJIX. Sabb.. 112 a the travellers' sandals 'X iltapl 
which the shoemakers knot (tightly). lb. 104 b 'XI Xnin 
the blacking used by shoemakers. lb. 123 b 'XI X31fi the 
leather dressers' knife. Pes.42 b 'XIXTllS the shoemakers' 
paste. lb. 113 b . 



N'befrtf Targ. I 



Chr. I, 2' 



r. xiuix. 



fc^EJIN (in Y. X^ain q. v.) pr. n. m. Oshaya, 
1) freq. surnamed X31 (the elder), an Amora of the first 
generation, redactor of Tosefta. Yeb. 18 b ; a. fr-.— 2) one 
mentioned as a wool-washer. Y. B. Kam. end. 

^S»,y.Xt«. 



SMDiJBttjW, v. 
TOW 



ipSffilX. 



r&2JW m. (t|tt», with t format; cmp. rtax) night's 
lodging] inn.— PI. 'ipBtpiX. 'X "&S3 innkeepers. Tosef. 
Maas. Sh. I, 13; Meg. 26 a . [Mand. Xtii&lB, v. Nceld. 
Mand. Gr. p. 51.] 

itjpBttfaN ch. same. Git. 44 b '31 'X trt> S^X he has 
a lodging place in Palestine, (is an occasional resident), 
opp, SffVO permanent home. Meg. 26 a ; Yoma 12 a it is 



»3Diti»B!ia 



customary to leave empty jars and hides of slaughtered 
animals rrpSHDIKS (b) in one's inn. Zeb. 61 b Bp5 Hin 'X 
'31 (Ms. M. 8t)ip3 , . . 8311B1B18, v. 1 pli5ffll8; v. Eabb. 
D. S. a. 1.) the Divine fire took up its abode now here 
and now there. Erub. 53 b '83 VwiB (Eashi "piSa bmaa 

i33ilStU18, read m3 , v. Eabb. D. S. a. 1. note 80) 

inquired after the. character of an inn (of his landlord), 
lb. (enigmatic inquiry that the landlord might not over- 
hear it) 131D S-ra in fl Q1S 131, Ar. (v. Eabb. 1. c. note 
90)=83 _ riS-\Bi8 our inn— what is its character? 

WDTBBjia, ^TBttfta, v. w4ot«. 

IDrSH^^ m. (Denom. of 7i&ffll8=li&ffllK, with 
locat. '"|, cmp. 81, Tp) innkeeper, landlord, host. Meg. 26 a ; 
Yoma 12 a ; Sot. 37 a ; Zeb. 54 a ,'31 '8 nfflS3 Benjamin 
became the host of the Divine Presence (the Temple 
being partly situated in his territory). 

WDTSBfta, WyrBltfW ch. same. Zeb. 18" 
iTOSr&lBIBt" 13 (Ms. M." only h'lJSil 8125*18) (the son of) 

his host. Snh. 7 b hot. Yoma 78 a hs'siiS Ms. M. 

(ed. "p ). Bets. 4 a ; a. fr.— Erub. 53 b , v. 811BUM8. 

—Fern. 8n31iBWl8 hostess. Ber. 18 b ed. Ms. M. (ti3 

ni33ii&iui8).' 

^FTlBEftlS p r . n . f . (? ) JJshparti. Taan. 24" Ms. 
(ed. '1S1I518, V. Eabb. D. S. a. 1. note, a. Var. lect. ibid.). 

«j5j5ttjW, v. appro. 

"lttjlK, v. 11U118. 

nl5<I or DISS (b. h.; y?M, v. 1181; cmp. 8ri8, h8, 
1S18, a. mriJt; v. also Ges. H. Diet. s. v.) to join, fit. 

Nif. !Ti83, tvi8i3 (b. h.) to be suited, pleased, whence 
to be gratified, to enjoy. Y. Ber. Ill, 6 C top lass ns iiKl 
'31 '3 he dreamt he felt sexual gratification; Y. Yoma 
VII, 44 d hot.; Y. Taan. I, 64 c hot.— Y. Bets. I, 61 a .b3 
B"i3 13 T^inlStStt) whatever you are permitted to make 
use of on Holy Days.— Fut. ni8\ Ber. Till, 6 iniiOffi IS 
1118^ until' being near enough to enjoy its light. Y. Ab. 
Zar. I, 39 c top, a. e., differences as to spelling IhiKi or 
IhlSi.— Denom. hXSil, .183, ni83, 113. 

m^II c. (b. h.; v. i!8, nix II; I8n) l) mark, sign, 
emblem; test, signal, military ensign. Hag. 16 a (play on 
Finxi Deut. XXXIII, 2; cmp. foreg.) '31 8in H18 He is 
the ensign among his myriad; v. 6*05*1*1. M. Kat. 25 b 
'31 '83 13IYWI ^8 forsake us not in the symbolic trial 
.of bitter waters (in our trials). Pi. nini8. Kil. IX, 10 
'31 "plHH '8 the marks which the weavers &c. put on 
goods in their charge. B. Kam. 119 b you must not 
buy from the dyer rvrai.11 8il 'X 8b either tests (pieces 
cut off to test the color) or samples (as specimens of 
color).— 2) letter, writing, symbol. B. Bath. 15 a TMH !-i!8 
one letter. Sabb. 103 a ; a. fr.— PI. HWI'x (fr. nmiXor 
n^niN). Kid. 30 a '8rt bs &1131& recorded (or counted) all 
the letters of the Torah. Snh. X, 1 liniihi83 dIBSi the 
Divine Name with the letters in which it is written 
(Jehovah). Kid. 71 a '8 S318 p bS the quadriliteral 



Name; cmp. CJ123. — Lev. E. s. 26, beg. '8 'PI eight letters. 
Sabb. XII. 3 ; a. fr.— Trnsf. notes, documents. Tosef. Kid. 
I, 7; B. Bath. 75 b ; a. e. 

iYlSs III (b. h., v. S"\8) only with pronominal suffix 
1) indicating the objective case, vn« me, Sjriix thee, &a 
— 2) with pronom. suffix of third person, for emphasizing 
the subject, ini8 he himself, this one, the same, he who &c. 
Gen. E. s. 2, beg. '31 '8 lb 31151 the latter now sat there 
confounded &o. Y. Git. VI, 47 d "/VS lh!83 on this very 
subject (divorce). Sabb. 13 b '31 iBifctti lhl8 1151 may that 
man be remembered for good. Ber. V, 3 TOIB ( ini83. in 
that hour; a. fr. — talpa 1H18 euphem. for pudenda. Nid. 
47 b . Git. 69 b ; a. e. — 133 H81 ini8 the law concerning the 
killing of the young with its mother on the same day (Lev. 
XXII, 28). Hull. V, l;.a. fr.— PI. yrft». Y. Meg. IV, 74 d 
top i1S31i) '8 those laws delivered orally. Keth. 4 a '8 b5 
diain all those days; a. fr. [In later writings U>i8n 1H18 
is freq. used for Jesus of Nazareth. 

fcttTQrnS f. (31ii) sitting down, sitting. Targ. 
Ps. CXXXIX, 2. 

"j^^im^, Cant. E. to HI, 11, read T3ipi8 as Ex! E. 
s. 35, end. 

ISTfiit f. night-bird, owl. Targ. Y. Lev. XI, 18 
(TargJd. ib. 8nia q. v. ; Targ. Y. Deut. XIV, 16 811S). 
[Perh. corrupt, of 8)1183 v. ^183.] ' ' ; - " 

DTtm, otena, v. bs»-*m«. ■ 
• irwiN, v. KiBjwiist 

JTrfOfflX Y. Snh. II, 20 c bot. read nirTOrVe, v. 

arrows. 



ItfW or ^}!tf m. sea-ea#?e(cmp.allS). Targ. Y. Deut. 
XIV, 12* Ar. (ed. 815 13, 8111 13; h. text ,11315!). 

)V2W, v. 3118. 

*^3t5< m. glass (v. 8111). Keth, 77 b '81 81111 Ar. 
parings'of glass (ed. 81118). 

iJija, a^ta, v. 'ii8. 
num, v. 111118. 

"H?!^ Ithpe. prefix of verbs with prim. lit. 1 as 111118 
fr. 1111 &c. 

"TJStf (=118 y r 18; cmp. il8I; 11, in, IS, Ian &c.) to 
be cut off; to go apart, be gone. Sabb. 34 b ; a. fr; 11181 
iniiaSB^ they differ (cmp. ite), each following his own 
principle (or consistent with opinions elsewhere ex- 
pressed). Ned.41 a 1118 8hHZ) (Eashi fl'b 1^18) six of them 
are gone (escaped his memory). Bets. 10 b 8absb 1118 
disappeared (Ms. M. lVl8; ll a ,lbl8). Mei'l. 17 b 8118 pS3 
Ar. (read 118, ed. ^18) he went out and" away. V. Vt8. 



KITS 



to 



MW f. (foreg.) [it is] decreed (cmp. rVtrS). Dan. II, 5. 
— B. Mets. 116 b if the landlord said, I let you this loft 
(as it is) 'X it is a (divine) decree, i. e. it is the tenant's 
misfortune that the loft fell in, and he has no claims. 
T. Ges, H. Diet. "s. v. 

NSI^I?^^ f- (?«) shaking, trembling. Targ. Job. 
XII, 5 Ms. (ed. JtSWlTS, const. MS . . .). 

XfflDj^Nl, a^&l^m f. (Ithpe. or Ithpa. of 
S)]?p rising.' 'larg. Job. XIII, il. Ih. XLI, 17 Ms. Var., 

< iinW f. (iht) 1) forewarning, prohibition, esp. tte 
explicit prohibition ('thou shalt not') in the Bible, required 
for punishing trespassers. Y. Peah I, 16 a top Tlnbb 'X 
a biblical admonition against calumny. Num. E. s. 7 
(play on zara Num. XI, 20) 'Stb dab 'fll it shall be a 
warning to you. Yeb. 3 b '31 13SaU5 'it we learn here the 
legal prohibition, whence do we derive the penalty? a. 
it.— PI. nilHtS. Kerith. Ill, 10; a. fr.— 2) enlightenment. 
'Cant. E. to VII, 3, v. 1*1*. 

• JtFTllllfS, ^nrj|S ch. as foreg. I. Shebu. 20 b 
'!"IH fiipl'lfTlJtl and the legal prohibition concerning it, is 
to be derived from this verse.— PI. -jimst. Y. Yoma VIII, 
45 a 'X nbn three prohibitory verses. 

Slt^j 3lr^ m.(b.h.; 311) /^ssop. Neg.XIV,6 pi 'X 
(Ar. paw) Greek hyssop. Sahb. XIV, 3 (109 b ) paiTO, 
pam (read two words, Ms. 0., v. Eabb. D. S. a. 1. 
note 4); a. fr.— PI. tnftm M. Kat. 25 b lip'iaiTO the 
hyssop (moss) on the wall (common humanity) ; v. tlit. 

^li?!S;, &Oir2$ ch. same. Targ. Ex. XII, 22; a. e. 

TJISS, "llr^ c. (b.h.; Ilit^rcKe, 6e«. M. Kat. 14 a 
'31 "iTil"!^ his girdle (around his house-gown) testifies for 
him (that he has no more than the shirt he is washing). 
Tosef. Shebu. V, 12 sq.; a. e.— PI. d*nilit, TW. Gen. E. 
s. 100 '31 dmsna ilitit they loosened the girdles of their 
loins (in mourning sympathy). [Ch. fit.] 

VCfllX, Vn\m ch. same. Sot. I, 17" top *ti^ 
ftl iiai nVrmiSl my belt, and my son's belt and that of 
his father inlaw; Num.E.s. 9 (p. 232 b ed.Amst.); Y.Peah 
VII, 20 a bot. (corr. ace); cmp. Midr. Sam. ch. XIII. 

*W, StJX (=iSlit, v. m*yi& a. S^l) to heat (make 
steam)'. Dan.' HI, 19; 22.— Targ. Is. XXXIII, 4 'jtxi 
(Eegia'pliit) and they shall heat (baths, ovens) therewith 
(h. text pisa=pteo), v. SWpTt; ( cm P- Ezek - XXXIX, 9). 
lb. XLIV, 15 (for baking) ; a. e.— Y. Ter. VIII, end, 46 e 
a bath house '31 fiwwtl which he had heated for seven 
days. Koh. E. to II, 8; a. e. )Ta p.ts -pim that enter- 
tained the fires in them. — Lev. E. s. 28, end fiiirta bsi 



InTDpl (read ST^Wi Pa.) and he (Haman) went and, made 
him sweat and cleansed him (with the scraper). 

Ithpe. itns (contr. of itittut) to be heated. Gen. E. s. 
63 '31 'limi itSit "(fbp I command that the bath-houses 
be heated. lb. IHFiXl ",lblit they went off, and the bath- 
s were heated (some ed. pam* a. parist). 



^J8, v. btit. 



£0"W m., pi. ■jWit Ci"il) weapons, 'it ma receptacle 
of weapons, quiver. Targ. Jer. V, 16. Targ. Is. XLIX, 2 
(ed. Ven. 'pits). V. Targ. to Deut. XXIII, 14 ^m. 

p"W (Af. of pTSt, v. pin, pts) to tie up. Koh. E. to 
VIII, l'ltUi-lb 'it I have to tie up my head. (Yalk. Koh. 
977 pTn, Vers. pilK; Y.Pes. X, 37 c STUDi* pim his head 
was tied; cmp. Ned. 49 b .) 

!"!"©?!$ f. (b. h.; = rrarn, -fit) 1) remembrance, 
mention (of Div. Name), recitation (of prayer) ; reference. 
Y. Ber. V, 9 b Wra itifilB 'it the reference to rain (in the 
second section of the eighteen benedictions) which is 
an expression of satisfaction (plenty), opp. ilbitlU, the 
prayer for rain (in the ninth benediction) which is an 
expression of anxiety.- — Y.Meg. Ill, 74 b top imetit SWtlntt} 
'31 dllp that the recitation (of the events commemorated 
on Purim) precede the celebration thereof.- — 2) (v. 
fi^l**) the Divine Name, Tetragrammaton. Num. E. s. 2, 
beg. the students '31 'itn nit diitla point out the Div. 
Name with their fingers; Cant. E. to II, 4 'Sttl bs sbla 
skips the Div. Name in recitation of lessons. — PI. 
niiatX. Yoma 8 a haiil 'it ina B" 1 © in which the Div. N. 
frequently occurs. Y. Ber. Ill, 6 C .— Y. Sabb. XVI, 15 p 
bot.; Bab. ibid. 116 a ^m-DtK lllp you must cut out 
the Div. N. occurring in them (the heretic writings). 
Y. Taan. II, 65 c top '31 'it H"i eighteen times that the 
Tetragrammaton appears in the Psalm Habu (XXIX). 
Num. E. s. 2, beg.; a. fr. 

^I> ty$> ^^ (»• h. btit; /tit; v. ti!*) to be 
gone, to leave; to go. Targ. Gen, XXXII, 1. Imper. 
biipit, Wit. Targ. O. Num. XXII, 20; a. fr.— Y. Snh. 
X, 28 b '31 inn bTW go, show thy face &c. lb. rtJib 

'31 bfa its* btia I will not go . . . for if I did go &c. 

Sabb. 116 a '31 'it ana 'it after the writing is gone, the 
sacredness of the scrollisgone (after the.scroll has become 
unfit for sacred use, the material has lost its sacred charac- 
ter). Y. Dem. Ill, 23 b bot. '31 itba">a itVnit Sttl that man's 
load would soon be gone (if each were permitted to take a 
chip). Y. Ber. VIII, 12 a '31 ail StWl StVnit 5tM is the 
decision of Eab and Samuel gone (to be disregarded) ? 
Y. Snh. X, 28 a bot. '31 iflh 'it ith (ed. Krot; titTn) is 
that which was received from (is 'the tradition of) . . . 
to be disregarded? Y. Yeb. VIII, 9 C bot. '31'ifn itbitit itfl 
(ed. Krot. itbfit, corr. ace. ; for sWl read itin oir »i|nn). 
— Trnsf. to depart life, die. Y, Hag. II, 77 d bot. this one 
committed a sin na 'itl and died in it, and the other &o. 
M. Kat. 28 b itbtitb ill woe, for the departed one ! Y. Keth. 
XII, 35 a top biTit to die, contrad. to ;ijiit to resurrect.— 
Imperat. usu. bit=bilit.— Hull. ll b Stall "Una 1 "follow 
the majority of cases; a. fr. 



5I&$II (=bW; v. Ezek. XXVII, 19; yVr) to spin, 
weave? B. Mets. 24 b niVlS Mia iblSI.XIiaip a skein 
which the net-weavers had used; v. 'bflll. Denom. X^fiX 

^iTI^ m. (foreg.) weaver. PI. iifttx. B. Mets. 24 b 
(some ed. ilblK corr. ace), v. foreg. 

^"♦(S m. pi. (=bw) running waters, waves. Targ. 
0. Ex^iV; 8 (Var. S*btS; Y. 8*V|S). 

NDtSalS, v. KBt-W. 

TflDfi*, V. 1A-WTS*. 

bnw, v. ter«. 

nanaw, aninaw, ^najs CHf™, 

-l" 1 "l J"HjQT!SJ m. (o(i.apaif8o4, cr^aptryStov) emerald, a 
jewel (also colored crystal; v. 151B1 a. 'p^lot). Targ. 
Joh. XLII, 13. Targ. 0. Ex. XXVIII, 18 (Targ. Y. ib. 
11101S); a. e. Ex. B. s. 38, end 'pISlri&X. 

"JJS* Targ. Is. XXXIII, 4, third pers. pi. of XJS, v. 

"})N, "jll^ m. (b. h.; l/>S fo &e pointed, cut, cmp. 
7M, 15. v. iilW) 1) ear. B. Kam. 79 b MBa btiJ 'S human 
ear, opp. Divine perception. Y. Sabb. I, 3 b top; a. fr. — 
2) handle. Cant. B. beg. '31 'S rtb Tl X^=l but had no- 
handle and could not be carried; a. fr.' — Du. SiitS 
1) ears. Lev. B. s. 32, beg. ~[~rib 'S the road has ears 
(be on your guard in speaking) ; a. fr. — 2) handles. Kel. 
IV, 3, v. S1UG15; a.fr.— 3) bi?lS or 'X Mlia sivollen glands 
of the throat (Bashi). Ab. Zar. 28 b 'X; Y. ib. II, 40 d 
top; Y. Sabb. XIV, 14 d top 'S rv«a. 

m'^IS, v. watis. 

"llltf (b. h.; J^-iT, cmp. ni, sillS) to put around, 
girdle; to strengthen. 

Eithpa. 1JSMM fo ^irrf, strengthen one's self. Ber. 16 b 
'31 1JSMM1 and gird thyself with thy mercy. - 

rT*)T!S m. (b. h.; niT=5Hi) [planted], native, citizen. 
Succ. T 28 d 'X Mt 'X if it read ezrah (Lev. XXIII, 42), it 
would mean every native (man or woman); a. fr.— 
PI. tfnim. Sifra Emor, end.— Eem. tlWW, pi. niiM1}S. 

!SSHW f. (b. h. Sits) arm. Targ. Y. II. Num. XXXI, 
50; v.Vfn'- 

&$TTl?ff!Ki rNl m. (lilt) attachment, handle. PL 
illlMts! 'Targ. Y. Ex. XXV, 12 ed. Vien. (oth. ed. 
'Hints ; ib. XXXVll, 3 'IIIMbS, v. Ibn Ezra 



nSl m. (b. h.; MMS; cmp. as) brother, kinsman; 
fellow, equal, fellow-believer &c. Meg. ll a (play on ahash^ 
verosh, Ahasverns) '31 lisi bti 1H1S a brother (in cruelty) 



to the chief tyrant (Nebucadn.) ; a. fr— PI. dTlX, •)•«*• 
Gen. B. s. 89, beg. (play on ahu, Gen. XLI, 2) in years 
of plenty '31 'S IIDSJ ninaM people are brotherly to each 
other. Ib. s. 99 '31 SMMS1 QiMS brothers to the degraded 
woman (Dinah), .... but not to Joseph; a. fr.— Cant. 
B. to VIII, 1 biMS iSttJ brother and sister. ". 

m, ?^rjS, ^tlN ch. same. Targ. fr.-P?. ^MS, 
Targ. Gen. XIII, 8;Ve.— IMS Yeb. 65 b .— Y. Yorna VI, 
43 d ^iMS owr brothers. 

nijll interj. 1) (b. h.) exclamation of sorrow, Oh! 
Meg. ll a (play on ahashverosh ; v. MSI) *m>6t-ib 'X woe 
upon his head. Snh. 102 b (play on Ahab 3S - MS) i£ttft 'X 
a subject of grief to the Lord, and father (friend) of 
idolatry. — 2 (=Syr.) exclamation of joy, Ah! Targ.' Is. 
XLIV, 16 (h. MXM). ■ 

^H^' ^ty? !) brother ! v - n«.— 2) pr. n. m. Aha. 
Arakh. 22 b ; Keth. 88 a , surnamed MliaM ~W superintend- 
ent of the palace. Y. Ber. II, 5 a B. A. surnamed Eoba; 
a. many others, Y. Taan. II, 65 a bot.; a. v. fr. 



pr. n. 



i. Ahai. Hull. 59 b . 



I^S 



fcOfi^ NSIlX m. (contr. of xax Tint) father's 
brother~'uncle. "Targ. Jer. XXXII, 7 TpaMS thy uncle. 
Targ. 0. Lev. X, 4 (Ms. I a. Ill iMias MS; Targ. Y. 
xaian q. v.); a. e. Yeb. 21 b Ar. s. v. S3MX ia (ed. 

inn ia). 

Ill&t m., MPS f. (b. h.; v. next w., a. in) one. [Ereq. 
represented by 'X.] Kid. 50 b , a. fr. MMX naa simultan- 
eously, v. nam. Peah III, 3 '31 ii MMXa pibMaM (Ms.M. 
'S3) he who takes out onions with a unity of hand, i. e. 
all of them for one purpose. Ber. 61 b , a. fr. Ma3 MIX to 
Ma31 (abbr. 1"3S2) how much against one, i. e. how 
much the more. — IMS .... IMS Joift ... as weK as. Tern. 
I, 1 '31 Di!i)3SM 'X both, men as well as women. Y. Keth. 
V, 29 d top 11 MMX1 It MMX the one as well as the other; 
a. fr.— 1MX3,- MMS3 at the same time. Tosef. Neg. I, 11; 
sq. Sot. 8^; a. fr.— Yorna I, 7-nMJt 5SM1 and cool thyself 
for once, for a change, v. M1M— PI. tPim 1) singular, 
unique. Yalk. Gen. 62 (ref. to'tiilMS bi"iii Gen. XI, 1) 
they spoke words 'S iJlB bs against two only ones (ref. 
to IMS Ezek. XXXIII, 24 a. Deut, VI, 4) [corr. ace. Gen. 
B. s. 38].— 2) (cmp. IMS) closed up, mysterious. Gen, B, 
1. c. (talk. 1. c. dilMS v. next w.). , 

iriStf (sec. r. of 11M, v. 11MI) to join, close. Part, 
pass. 11MS, ^)Z. WfiMS 1) closed up, mysterious. Yalk. 
Gen. 62, v. foreg.' — 2) joined, united. Gen. B. s. 38 (ref. 1 
to Gen. XI, 1, v. foreg.) 'X vrm common goods, com- 



ini$, Pa. liMS, IMS ch. (v. foreg.) 1) (corresp. to h. 
156 a. ffl'SM; cmp. h. IMS) 1) to close (the door), to lock 
up; to seize, capture. Targ. Is. XXII, 22 liMS. Ib. IIMii, 
liMii (fut.).— Targ. Deut. XXI, 19 IIIMWSi (Pa. ; Var. 
■pIM^TlSi Pe.). Targ. Am. Ill, 5; a. fr.— -Snh. 26 a bot., 
a. e. SliSlV MilMS locked the door. Pes. lll b SIMS 



»tnK 



Will hi? a spirit (demon, disease) seizes him.' — Part, 
pass. 1">ns a) locked up. Targ. Josh. VI, 1 ; a. e.~h) (v. 
tins, s. v.'lrt*) holding. Targ. Am. II, 15; a. fr.— Part. 
pass. Pa. im? locked up, hidden. Targ. Job. XXVI, 9. 
2) to devote, v. ITiS. 

4/". inis fo Sewfe. Targ. Ps. LXXIII, 23. 
. 2%>a. insM:*, inns, I%5e. Iinsns 1) to be seized. 
Targ. Ez. XIX, 4 ; a. fr.' — 2) to be locked up, joined. Targ. 
Is. XXIV, 10 HTlS Ml* . . . (read ll^nsns). lb. LIX, 10 
Bashi (ed. in SttS oorr. aoc). Targ. Job XLI, 9 (8); a. e. 
— I^nnx. Hull. 52 b S1D1 "X the door was locked. ' 

kOfl^) f. (v. foreg.) 1) bolt. Targ. Prov. XVIII, 19 
(read ...1'S "in).— 2) shutting up. i»m nins shutting 
up of the womb, barrenness. Ibid. XXX, 16. 

"nUnhN (oontr. of saSimS; v. Sans) pr. n. m. 
Ahadboy, an Amora. Hull. 113 b ; a. e. 

{HIS, v. ins. 

^!"^> HltlS m. (=b. h. sins, v. Ges. H. Diet. s. v.) 
[green], meadow-grass, reed. Targ. 0. Gen. XLI, 2. 



tit possession. Targ. O.Num. 



arnnx f. ( ins)=! 

XXVII,' 7; a" e. 

nin^ f.(b.h.; denom.ofns) l)brotherhood,brotherly 
love, friendship. Snh.58 b 'sa among brothers and sisters. 
Gen. B. s. 89 (play on ahu, Gen. XLI, 2) in days of 
plenty there is 'SI nans love and friendship.' — Lev. B. 
s. 2 ; a. fr.— Trnsf. 'S3 jointly. Sabb. 20 a (explain, ns 
Jer. XXXVI, 23) 'S3 'jipililli Qi2S Ar., Ms. Oxf. (v. Eabb. 
D. S. a. 1. note, ed. SSlinsa cler. error) wood kindled all 
together [perh. with reeds? v. next w.].— 2) (law) status 
of consanguinity. B. Kam. 88 a a slave 'S lb 'pS'iB who 
has no legal status of consanguinity. 

mFW ch., v. Sins. 

Itfliri^ pr. n. m., v. nansii. 

fcO^Tl^v.^iins. 
^IllTN, v. mm. 

WnflN m. (v. Sins) 1) meadow-grass, grass (as 
fodde T r). T Y. Ber. VI, 10 a , bot.— 2) willow-tivigs used for 
kindling, kindling wood. Sabb. 20 a (explain, ns Jer. 
XXXVI, 23; v. nins 1, end) SSlins (Var. Siins) willow- 
fire, lb. one cried 'SI 'S "Sa "Sa who wants Ahvanal, 
and it was found he had willow twigs for sale.' — 3) willow- 
bast, lb. 20 b explaining "|1iK; Ms. M. (ed. SJiins, SSilins). 

rHfitl^. f. (b. h. njns; Tns) possession, inheritance. 
Y. Kid. I~W top; a. e.' ' Y. Hall. IV, 60 b . [lb. nrns 
'31 no:£5> strike out the entire sentence.]. Hull. 75 a 

ftijis nuns, v. nnns. 

!^?llinsS! ch. same. Targ. Ps. II, 8 Ms. (ed. Sniins). 
}"Pln!^ f. (rn) telling, interpretation. Dan. V, 12. 



tfrHflN, ^^TlflN f. (v. foreg.) instruction. Targ. 
Ps. XLIX/5; a. fr? 

"Q 5 ""^ mf. of Tjins, v. ifin a. ^m. 
DH1& v. bins (i6a). 
WiriK, v. ssiins. 

- iO^T!"!^ m.pl. (Syr. sn^inn, v.snin, a. Low Aram. 
Pfl. p. T 149) plums. Y. Ber. VI, 10 b bot. (Bab. ib. 39 a 

■ppDaiii). 

plums.' Y. Ber. VI, T 10 C top. 

"lin^ m. (b. h.; v. Iin a. Iin) 1) back, hind-part, 
buttock. Bekh. 8 a ; Gen. B. s. 20, beg— Dti. diilins^Ar. 
b^lins). Pes. 17 b , a. fr. "jlM 'S the back (outside) and 
the inside of a vessel.— Y. Yoma V, 42 c top ffllpb lilins 
his back turned to the sanctuary . — Y. Pes. VI, 33 a bot., 
a. fr. ilinsa (prepos.) behind.— ilins, ilinsb same. Ber. 
61 a ; a. fr— 2) last. 'lb. (ref. to Ps. CXXXIX, 5) 'S 
'=1 fiUJSab the last of all things created; Lev. B. s ; 14 
tanasart bsb 'S.— 3) farthest back, earliest. Ib. tali ni 'S 
■jTOSI ahor (Ps. 1. c.) means the first day. 

&Tfin$ (^"inS<) ch.same.Slinsb&actawd. Targ. 
Gen/xLTX, 17; T a! fr— PI. "plins, const. ilins. Targ. 
Ps. LXXVIII, 66 (buttocks).— ilins behind, after. Y. E. 
Hash. II, 58 b top nilins )-Q behind him; a. fr. V. ilin. 
[Targ. Y. Lev. XIX, 26, v, Sliin.] 

" l Hin^,- "HfiilS f. (=h. nins) another, something 
else. ' Y. Shebu."iV, 35 d top 'IS sn^S another woman 
(wife). Y. Ber. IX, 13 a bot. IS nana another method, 
Lev. B. s. 14, beg. 'IS las said differently. Y. Meg. II, 
74 a top 'ins another (scroll). Gen. B. s. 76 'ins another 
(word, in reply). [Targ. iltlis. Targ. Gen. XXVI, 21 ; 
a. fr.]— [Dan. II, 39; VII, 5; 6; iins.] V. ilin. 

m'TliK f. (b. h.; nns, v. nsl) sister. Yeb. I, 1; a. fr. 
—Hull. n4 a (of animals).— PI. WW Yeb. III. 1 ; a. e. 

irlN (b. h.; sec. r. of-'lin, cmp. ins) 1) topress, seize, 
hold, keep; to befall. Snh. 27 b '31 niUSa^ 'jitnis hold- 
ing in their hands the doing of their fathers, i. e. 
following their father's example. Bekh. 33 15 dl iins he 
had an attack of congestion. Y. Pes. I, 28 b dirt Films 
the animal attacked with congestion. Y. Sabb. XIV, 14 c 
bot. "pS IWnS a pain in the eye seized him. Ib. XIX, end, 
17 b nan intn's fever overtook him; a. fr. — "3 7I1S to have 
a hold of.—B. Mets. I, 1. Y. Yoma II, 39 c top;" a. fr.— 
Part. pass, ims holding fast, having a firm hold. Ex. 
B. s. 46 (v. ins).— 2) diaisn ns 'S to capture the eye- 
sight, to delude by optical deception. Snh. 65 b ; a. e. 

Nif. inss to be seized. Y. Taan. II, 65 d top; a. e. 

*Hif. l^nsn to distribute split wood (kindling chips) 
in the gaps of a large pile, to ignite with kindling wood. 
Sabb. I, 11 (19 b sq.) Tr^Ol ed. (Mas., Ar. a. Y. ib. 
beg. 4 C "pinai, ed. Ven. "Jims!); v. ntn. 



rowi-ix 



^n^, nn^ ( ym, cmp. 33tt) to unite. Part. pass. 
isinx wwited. Num. E. s. 13, beg. tesst D^m IT™ they 
shall he united with him (around his ytable). 

Pi. Tift% to join; to sew together (with fine stitches); 
cmp. tain; IIM. Gen. E. s. 39 beg. '31 m 'KB dffns 
Abraham who united all mankind into a brotherhood 
(by the belief in one God), '31 nma K1TO JTD like one 
who sews &c, v. infra. Ex. E. s. 40, end. — Esp. to mend, 
by stitching, the rent of the garment torn in mourning. 
M.Kat. 22 b ; a. fr. lb. 26? piffisito stitch them together. 

Hithpa. a. Nithpa. nnxtp, nnstins 1) to be joined; to 
be stitched together. Hum's, s. is/heg. (play on Tiinx 
Cant.V, 1) '31 "6 mxni they were joined to me (I joined 
them) in the captivity. Gen. E. s. 68 ninxha, v. "|3N. 
M. Kat. 26 a -priXl-ia ")iX must not be stitched' together.'— 

2) to be joined by grafting, to grow together. Y. Kil. I, 
27 a top '=1 tXn p they (the two seeds) combine. Y. 
Shebi. II, end, 34 a bot. Y. Orl. I, 61 a bot. 

■ Yl&t oh., Pa. im as foreg. Pi. Targ. Koh. in, 7 
fixnsi to sew together. 

"Pi"! IS 1) part. pass, of Hilt q. v.— 2) (=h. WB, v. 
nm) singled out, devoted, betrothed. Targ. 0. Lev. XIX, 
20. Targ. Ps. CXIV, 2. Targ. Cant. VI, 9. 

tTVnRl ■ CitiX) taking possession, capture. Meg. 6 a 
lis bnsa rvm? mix ■piip T<n Ms. (ed. t>ib, Ar. *n») 

they recorded the act (of taking the place afterwards 
called Csesarea) as the capture of Migdal Tsor. 

HTn^II f. (h. .s-nih) enigma.— PI )^m Dan. 
V, 12. T 

n'TjiS (b. h.) pr. n. m. Ahiyah, several men of var- 
ious periods. 1) Shek.V,l D.i502n is 'X A. superintendent 
of the Temple libations (wines, oils).— 2) Ber. 63 b A., 
a Babylonian scholar opposing Palestine authorities. — 

3) SY«m "ai E. A., aTannai. M. Kat. 20 a ; a. e. Ibid. 11 
'31 Tini Wft"\ E. Hiya (although a Chald. abbreviation 
of Ahiyah) and E. A. are two different persons., 

.niTO pi. of win* . 

JADTni^ f. (^n) reanimation, resurrection. Targ. 
Hos. VI, 2 ... rft^m resurrection of &c; a. e. 

" l1 ^l^? P r - n - m - Ahai (v. "WHS). Kid. 22 b . 

^H^! f - (^ c **' fe awd f ever > trem Ning. Git. 70 a 
(explained, as 'fire of the bones'). Ber. 32 a (play on \m 

Ex. xxxn, li). [ib. i2 b iWix Af. of iiinn.] 

D" 1 !!^, 'X "i&3 pr. n. pi. K'far Ahim. Men. 85 a . 
Tosef. 'ib. IX, 2 dlflK. 



^^InN f., pi. nwrttjt (prob. to be read W51K*, 
v. SWini<) 'plums. Y. Dem.II, 22 4 top. 

n?ri!^ f. (bin) defilement of a priest's daughter, v. 
nVbn. Siih/ee 1 " '31 nrfem ninn t=S if her first defilement 
occurred in whoredom (not in wedlock with one degraded). 

SSrPQn^ f. (cmp. h. nan) pot, closed vessel. PL 
■jWariK.' Targ. Esth. I, 4. 

"iHtli^ m. ("ran) ruby, name of a jewel in the High- 
priest's breast-plate. Targ. Cant. V, 14; v. ll^aD. 

sinrw, isnans m ., Ar, v. mm. 

i$n2!"li^ pr. n. pi. Ahm'tha, Ecbatana, capital of 
Media. Ezra VI, 2, v. fron; v. Schr. K. A. T. <p: 378. 

flS^, S"bS &"n«, a formula representing a per- 
mutation of letters wherein the first (X) interchanges 
with the eighth (n) and with the fifteenth (0) ; the second 
(3) with the ninth (D) and with the sixteenth (3), &c. 

Sabb. i04 a tpa s"as D"n«=iBfiai» iiBa Dn^s 6ri 13s* 

Spia I shall spare them because they resisted sensual 
temptations; v. SpS. 

fcCOflfct, S$iT0t>n^ f - CP ri ) property, inheritance. 
Targ. T Lev. XIV, 34 ; a! e.— B. Bath. 133 b 'X "nias who 
unlawfully pass an inheritance from one hand to another. 

"iH&t (b. h. ; denom. of Tins) 1) to be behind, v. Pi. 
■ — 2) (euphem.) to cover (of camels). B. Bath. 93 a ; Shebu. 
34 a ; Snh. 37 b (Ms. M. B. Bath. 1. c. "I'm). Tosef. B. Kam. 
Ill, 6 Ipii*. 

Pi. ins, irffl* to tarry, hesitate; to set behind. Pes. 
IX, 9 "VrpA at* if I should be late. Y. Yoma III, 40 c 
top niDSa 13 'X the text orders a later action after it. 
Y.Ned.X, 42 ab m^osi '!& he tarried in standing, i. e. was 
the last to sit down. Gen. E. s. 81, beg. 1TI5 ns< SIX 'X 
if one procrastinates the fulfillment of his vow; a. fr. 

Pu. (and Sof.) iniN, "rtflU to be postponed, be done 
late, be placed later \ Y. Yoma III, 40 c top inixa b^33 
hTi would belong to things to be done later. Ib. "insM' 1 
'31 let it be done later than &q.- r -fl*rins iniital Cttpla -px 
there is no 'earlier' or 'later' (no chronological order) 
in the events or laws of the Scripture. Pes. 6 b ; a. e.; 
Y. Sot. VIII, 22 d inwa.— Shebi. X, 5, a. fr. imsa (a 
document) postdated, opp. blpla antedated. B. Mets. 
V, io rrnixa r 



"iF"!^ ch. same. 1) to be behind. 2) *to cover. Targ. 
Jer. V, 8 (of steeds, h. text HWm; some ed. 1 for. 1). 

Pa. as foreg. Pi., to tarry; to retard. Targ. O. Gen. 
XXXIV, 19; a. fr. Sabb. 119 a Iminst take ye a later 
meal (on Sabbaths). 

Af. iniX same. Targ. II Sam. XX, 5; a. fr.— [Targ. 
Prov. XXIII, 30 ■pma, 'pnila Part. Af. or Pa. of in^ 
'^nia, 'inxa.] 

*Ithpe. intftta, contr. intiX to be delayed. Targ. Y. I 
Deut. I, 2 ; cmp. however ib. v. 6, v. WIS. 



"iHS (b. h.; v. foreg.), pi. constr. iin» after, behind. 
Gen. E. s. 44 wherever the Bible uses the preposition 
ahare "[lab, it means in connection with, J&Sia ins while 
o^ar means without connection (fafer o»). Yoma 6 a 
'S in» after 'after', i. e. some time after the act, opp. 
ins in one 'after', immediately, v. CPSIS — nrwi, rrnnsls, 
l^insa, niinsa after it, as concluding, opp. mtb, 'ntb 
introductory (prayer). — Ber. I, 4 'sV nns one benediction 
after the Sh'ma. lb. Ill, 4 Ynnsb (prayer) after meal; 
a. fr.- — I" 1 ins!?3 as if doing a thing with the back of 
the hand, i. e. in a manner different from the usual way 
of doing it. Sabb. 153 b ; a. fr.— IllSa 1) (conj. followed 
by -as or -1) after, since, whereas, became. Hull. 29 a 
•O^IBUJ 'sa after it has once been stated in the Mishnah 

why was it necessary (?) &c. Ib. b '31 "'SSI insai and . 

since it is not even rabbinically unfit, why &c. ; a. fr. — 
2) a legal term, meahar, the presumption of the truth 
of one's statement, because he might have pleaded more 
profitably, if he had been inclined to lie. Y. Shebu. VI, 
36 d bot. '31 insa 'sa jimn Calais 'is in money matters 
we do not apply the principle of meaher, so as to say 
that because he might have said 'thou hast not lent 
me anything', he may say, 'thou didst lend me, but I 
paid half of it' (and his plea must be accepted without 
an oath) ; v. iai» s. v. ia.— *pins thy successor. Y. Kil. 
lX,32 c top '31 'S 153 niin^my son Judah shall succeed thee, 
none else (is worthy). Keth. 95 b my property I bequeath 
to thee tb TpinKVamd after thee it shall go over to . . .• 
—^3 "MS (abbrev. 3"ns) afterwards, subsequently. Pes. 
X, 2 T ; a. v. fr. 

"iHS m. (b. h.; v. foreg. a. Tin) [back of,] another, 
the other, stranger. 'S 131 (abbr. S'l) 1) another thing, 
another explanation. Snh. IV, 5; a, v. fr. in Midr. — 
2) euphem. for idolatry, swine &c, v. 131. 3) After, 
[apostate,] byname of Elisha ben Abuyah. Hag. 14 b ; a.e. 
— PI. O^ins others; 1) freq. in Mishn. for anonymous 
authorities differing in opinion, d^lalS 'S, v. Hor. 13 b Ipi&X 
'S I^Sa 'iV E. Meir is quoted under the word aherim. — 
2) freq. for strangers, gentiles. Snh.52 b 'S m» the wife of 
anon-Israelite. B. Mets. lll b ; a. fr. — Fern. hinx. Yoma 
I, 1 'S ntUS a second (additional) wife; a. fr. — Snh. 104 a 
'S 1131 nsi this and something besides (shall happen). 

snhN, anha v. siins. 

JflnS, . 'u.*5 m. (foreg. wds.) prop, designated to 
step behind, substitute; hence, he who (or that which) 
is gone back to, obligated, pledged; surety, guarantor. — 
PI. DiSinS, "pins. Dem. Ill, 5 '31 'S 13S pS we ars not 
responsible for deceivers. Pes. IX, 9 nib .11 'psms ps 
they are not responsible to one another (need not care for 
each other). Y. Keth. VIII, end, 32 b a. fr. 'S 11&33 *>3 
all his landed property is pledged for &c. 

1"nl~!S m., njiins f. (rrtiins f. noun) other, next, 
last. Meg. 21 b ; a. fr. 'X the last of those called up to 
read from the Torah.— PI. drills m., nisiinx f.— 'S dia 
the washing of hands after meals before grace, opp. 
dWttSXI tra washihg before meals. Ber. 53 b ; a. fr. — 



T5W 

'S mill or only SiJlins the latter (present) generation, 
opp. &1J1U5S1 ancients. Toma 9 b ; a. fr. — Ber. 13 a mis 
'31 'S the latter (present) troubles bring the former into 
oblivion. — 'S (111313) the three last sections in the Prayer 
ofBenedictions. Ibid.34 a ; a.fr. — Erub.53 b hisiirs second 
wife; v. Wiiins.— nsiinsa (adv.) last. B.Kam.V; a. e. 

"nflS v. ">iins. 



ffi'HnS f. (v. "Wins) surety, esp. mortgaged prop- 
erty, or property which may be resorted to in case of 
non-payment (even if sold). — 'S )tib WD d">&33 property, 
from which debts may eventually be collected (landed 
property), 'S tirib "pStt) '3 property which cannot be re- 
sorted to (movable property). Kid. I, 5; a. fr.— B. Mets. 
ni, 11 ')niiins3 3iin is responsible for them (if lost). 
Men. 109 a ; a. fr. — b^DSS 'S an obligation for which pro- 
perty is pledged. Keth.34 b ; a.fr.— Ib.51 b , a.e. documents 
'3 'S )tt2 pStt) in which the clause pledging property is 
omitted. Ib. a ; a. e. Sin 1S1& niSB 'S the omission of the 
clause pledging property is considered as the scribe's 
mistake (hence has no legal consequences). B. Mets. 14 a , 
a. e. 'S3 . . . ISaiiJ falsi if E. sold to S. a field with 
surety (guaranteeing the title). 

SfVP'inS f. (=h. m-ins) future. Targ. Y. II Deut. 
XXXH, 29;"'a7e. . 

^nns ,v. wns. 

^"TIS m. another, the other, later, last. Y. Pes. I, 
end, 28 bT 'S S1S5T 1 '1 the other (last named) E. Josh.— 
Y. Be?. II, 5 b top 'S SpT>B last chapter.— PI. pins. 
Y. Ter. VIH, 45 d bot. fimai 'S those (drinking) later, 
drank and died.— S^irs. Y. Meg. Ill, 74 b bot. T0aih 
'S X^pldS the last eight verses.— Fern, sni^K, NrV^nS- 
Y. Taan. I, beg. 63 c . Y. Shebu. Ill, 34 d 'S3 in the last 
one.— Targ..Prov. V, 20 xn^mx stranger. —Jb. XXV, 8, 
a. fr. 'S3 at last, in the end.— PI. snpins. lb. XXIV, 
14 Ms. (ed. sing.). 

&0"H)~!S m. another. Hull. 12 a 'S USS^S another man. 
Bets. 28 a 'S 'ilia something different.— 'S SSUrt (abbr/S"^) 
another-version. Pes. 97 b , a. fr.— PI. WriX. Yeb. 45 a ; 
a. fr. Cmp. Tins. 

^"itlS f. (b. h.) future, end. Y. Meg. Ill, 74 a hot. 

SrP^hS v. smpnx s. v. s^ins. 

'Fl*™lnfi5 ch.=h. nins another, something besides. 
Erub. 23 aV S snVffl another subject. Pes. 50 a ; a. fr. 

T10$ lini«, s;nnis *. ch.=h. )^ m . *«* 

Ex. T x T x, T 3; T a.'fr.— FemTsnsinis, niiinis, xrwinx. 

Targ. O. ib. XXI, 10 (another, additional wife). Ibid, 
Gen. XVII, 21.— Lam. E. to IV, 2.— B. Bath. 16 a sniiins 
a stranger (not his own wife).— PI. fJSIItlS, T*?1ffiS. 
Targ. 0. Gen. XLI, 3; a. e. Xrixi-3inx. ' Cant/k' to 
IV, 12.— [Targ. Y. Gen. XXXV, 8' xnTO^Tinix a repet- 
itioa of weeping, v. TilbSIL] 



ar^tts 



^^^l^nSS, "pD . . . . m. pi. (h'. tn . . ... .) satraps, 

Persian governors. Dan. Ill, 2; a. e— Cant.B. to VII, 9. 

DlHit v. m 

nrii< (nn«), anna f.' C h.=h. n*n*. t^. jm. 

XXIlJl8 ; a. fr.— Pes. 4 a ] a. fr.— PI. NrniHX. Targ. Job. 1, 4 
(ed.^nirt); a.' e.— Yeb. 32 b . Sabb. I3\ Yeb. 66 a top (twin 
sisters). 

13.X, 11 3t35< A»'aA, a formula of combination or 
interchange of two letters the numerical sum of which 
is either ten (e. g. B"K=1 + 9 ; h"a=2 -f 8) or owe hundred 
(e.' g. 3"i=10 + 90 ' B"3=20 + 80=100), whereby h and J, 
remain isolated or substitute each other. Ex. K. s. 
15 (allusion to f\ Num. XXIII, 9).— Succ. 52 b rV'aB&O 
■jibs ri'irifib O 'pip (SOTi "1 bit)) in the Atbah (of B. 
Hiya) sahadah finds a substitute in manon (v. Prov. 
XXIX, 21). 

Sli2!S! m. (bbx, cmp. Btsn=b, h. nx, pi. s^s), pi. 

•pas plough-shares. Y. Sabb. VI, 8 b bot. (expl. treixb 
(Is. II, 4) 'N* (Ar. by cler. err. pi'iasi). . 

8TC3^, Af. ■$*& v. '%', ■'laS 

^SpX (SJPSltaN) m. (sob, v.'nsaB) n«^, Twofe, 
clasp. Men. 32 a I'lB'tn 'X clasp for fastening the leaves 
of books while reading.— PI. 13B8 (V?BK). Sabb. 98 a 
Ar. *i3BK (ed. *SpuX _ T»B«a, sonie ed. "TOBa 'Xa, corr. 
ace, Ms. M. oniy ■waBa^ margin tlBX; v. Eabb. D. S. 
a, 1.). Num. B. s. 6 (in Hebr. diction) bna ittJ 'X iron 
clasps (to fasten the boards on the wagon). 

m"t» v. «&"i*. 

SSattSy.JObS.. 

*TO!tf m. (b. h.; y r BX, v. &m) li/jorw. Gen. B. s. 100. 
Sot. 13V- Y. Ned. VI, end 40"' 'Kh laia the desert of 
Atad.~-Pl. ?%% Shebi. Vti, 5; a: e. [V. Sni. Ant. s. 
v. Cardiius.] 

^ISSJ, &nt3!!< ch. same. Targ. Gen, L, 10.— Targ. 
Ps. LVIH, 10T Ms. (ed. K"JBK); a. e.— PI. 'pax. Targ. 
O. Gen. lit; 18. (Y. yBtMS)* 'Targ. Hob: X, 8 (some ed. 
•pBBK). 

ItSfct (abbrev. of blBaX, v. IB5X) 1) ow account of, 
becatise of, for 'tKe sake Of (hi S&aj. -fta "X Saw iosp 
they fined the inadvertent transgressor for the sake of 
the wilfuVpne (in order to prevent wilful sin). Git. 53 b ; 
a. fr.-r-2) (in .questions expressing surprise, indignation) 
is j,t because?^ $0 you mean Jo say? lb. 7 a v& xjx 'X 
"SttSTi dp I no! know it myself? lb. 30 b pipes WETO 'X 
is it with wicked men we have to deal? (i. e. shall we 
presume deliberate sin?); a. v. fr. 

K2W3J*, MltSN rn. (cmp. 16. it. •]«&; prok fr. 
ma to spin; for oth. etym. v.Ges.H. Dict.s.v. "|B&) rojj'e, 



c/ionl. Targ. Josh. II, 15. Targ. Job. XXX, 11 (ed. give 
all var. combined, v. XpftlUTO).— B. Hash. 23 a KStVbn 'X 
(some ed. •'JIB!*- pi.) flaxrope.— PL TSTOX, X*31BX ('bx). 
Targ. I Kings XX, 31 ; a. fr. [Tosef. Maasr. Ill, 8 'pSlBX 
ed.,- ed. Zuck. "pS^aS, Var. 'piBX q. v.] 

DiltaX, ODIta m. (cmp. a-uvvoi; v. Sm. Ant. s. v.) 
tunny-fish.' Hull. 66 b ; Ab. Zar. 39 a Ms. M. (ed. 'BIX). 
Tosef. Hull. Ill (IV), 27 b^T^X ed. Zuck. (Var. SiJ-'PiSi*). 
lb. Kel. B. Mets. II, 17 OSiBa' bra"* ; (read as) Hull.' 25* 
"IBi KWli to polish a vessel with the skin of a tunny. 
*Cant. B. to I, 7 ''31 &J13X ijia Has (read IB!*; Ex. B. 
s. 2 msila) how many kinds of tunny fish hast thou pre- 
pared for the lying-in among them? V. DX">BEb3X. 

' SJD"lit3S Keth. 61 a bot., v. IWIM*.. 

m6# v. tnBK. 

Ot3 n I3H Hall. IV, 11 (12) Ar.,' Ms. M.; ed. Talm. Y. 
'«' p, Mishn. D151B3X; Tem. 21 a Ar., ed. biSi^BSX p, q. v. 

D^ID^K, v. ot™. 

trdri&, Dia^Si m. (Sto^oO present, ready. 
Targ. Y. Num. XI, 26; a. fr.— Gen. E. s. 48 it does not 
read "ralS (standing) but aSi (placed on his post), i. e. 
'BS ready (to proceed). Cant. B. to II, 9 '"'N. Gen. 
B. s/100. 

yumas v . ^•^bs. 

^QIOTS v. next w. 

jl0' , iEPBK m. (neut., or accus. of Mprpoi (some- 
thing) inbaludble, priceless. Y. Peah I, i5 d bot. ibiSa ih 
'X X3B (read Xlln) a pearl worth a priceless treasure. 
Gen. B. s. 35 end 'jiBaiBS rV^SIa. *Buth B. next to 
I, 18 XBi&IBb^l Xb*ia read XBia^BX sniisia an invalu- 
able pearl. 

fifcWtf H8 v. next w. 



nSjT&a^^, 'Cl^ f. (ktvifiaala) well securec 
supplied station.' Num. B. s. 16, end. 

*]^m, Y^to? (iplW) m. pi. (a coiit 
'^rSBX; SB5) herbs selected for planting purposes. 1 
Maasr. ill, 8 '->m ed. Zuck. (Var. ">BS; ed. "1BX). 1 
V, beg. 51 b ^DBS. Cmp. bhljj; fb/niB. 

K&" 1 'E3^_iri. (C|BJ, cmp. tj^B) iiro^-Mfi cavii!^ i 
cheesed PI. •&**&*. Ab. Zar. 35 b 'ik <v6 Ar. (ed. " 
betweeh trie Holes. 

bl2i< Af. of >B?. 

^bb^.'Cl' 1 ^ m. (>iB) jfert. Erub. '68 b W 
derision and jest (Ar. a. Ms. Oxf. xb'l'&B), 

&<ri ; lv!il(!< if., const. h6te)X (5bS) throwing, dai 
y*S2tk\ stoning to deatn. Targ. Y. Ex, XXI, 17; i 



tf V?ES*, ^btgl, V. S^S. 

rbm, rba-w, obaa, d^k *.(*>!«, with 

format. - ! or D ; cmp. 'ppplK ;* v. ^a II, ftal, II) a number 
of booths put up for a mercantile fair, or for popular 
entertainments; whence (cmp. rvon) sfops, bazaar (v. 
esp. Gen. B. s. 79, quot. bel.). Hull. 91 b &BB1K bp 'S the 
fair of Emmaus. Pesik. Asser p. 98 b . Arakh. VI, 5 (24 s ) dS 
t^B^S^ nms 'pViaa if they delay the sale for the market 
day ; a. fr — PI. ytABS &c. Gen. B. s. 79 (ref. to fm 
'and he encamped'=made a tTtin Gen. XXXIII, 18) 
Jacob was the first 'S Tvasa Ar. (ed. also "p^aln, v. 
B^Bri) to put up stores and sell cheap; [Koh. B. to X, 8; 
Est.' E. to I, 9, sing., some ed. &"tyTS, O^PIX (!)]. Cmp. 
P>BS, ^B&S &o. [Tosef. Hull. I, 7 O^asa read pbasa hy 
throwing; cmp. Hull. I2 b '31 P3S p.m.] y. pPb^a^K 

pb"D5$ m. (v. next w.) throw, thrust. Tosef. Hull. 1, 7 ; 
v. rtBS end. 

^rftpbtaSSi f. (p*>B) &ein# Uj-oww. Targ. Job. Ill, 4 
rprfip^asa (Var. 'fea^S) on his being thrown. 

D T Jj$ (b. h.; sec. r. of daa) fo obstruct, close, fill up. 
Part. pass. diss, f. Baias l) /Wfed Mp, solid. Zeb. 6i h 
Balsa 'S filled'up with earth, opp. b#tn. Hull. 47 b 'S 
rwra v. dais. Y. B. Bath. II, 13 c top 'S irvo a solid 
wall.— 2) (cmp. Blaana) stumped, shapeless. Nid. 24 a 
'X E)1S the stump of a human body (of the embryo). lb. 
'S "inbsViaiU ns an embryo whose scull is a shapeless 
lump (no scull discernible). T. ib. Ill, 50 d top. — Trnsf. 
Snh. 44 b nms dais he locks up the sins (makes them 
invisible, cmp. )iSO) ; v. "liaaiS. 

SO?** (^DTa" 1 ^) m. (v. foreg.) something solid, 
whence the solid part, flank. Targ. II, Esth. I, 2. — B. 
Mets. 23 b 'SI i» .mm i» Ar. (ed. 'ST IS SpSTT IS, v. 
Babb. D. S. a. 1. note 3) whether from the ribs or from 
the flank. Hull. 42 b yti Spia the thickest part of the 
flank (the thigh, hip).— B. Bath. 73 b 'S ' pri S'nn one 
(goose) lifted up its thigh (leg).— PL laax. Hull ,8 a 'S 
S3311p^ Wpl solid pieces (roast) intended for a present. 
Sabb. 49 a .— snaas. Snh. 59 b ed. (Ms. SMTOBS). Lam. B. 
to I, i (van) snsaas.— Hull. 97 b snnaax iron those 
solid pieces of the' 'thigh. Erub. 57 b jjnifih 'S ed. (Ms. 
snsaas) flanks (projecting parts) of a wall. V. saBpS. 

d^BK, DDEN, 03DN Esth. B. to I, 14, read 

DiJIJS, v. .SM3S. 

ND&S v. SS^BS. 

&t"TQpI2X, prob. Papas or iBRBg m. pi. (SxaxTOi) 
undisciplined, irregular troops. Pesik. Ekhah p. 122 b 
(explaining: 'thy princes are rebels' Is. I, 23) -pSPlS 
'S P3iita llfrt d"0Pla 'thy lords are rebels'— for they 
equipped irregulars. [This seems to, be the proper ver- 
siou restored from Ar. a. Var.; v. Pesik. i.e. .note 75.] 



"itaS;, "it?" 1 !!* m. (b. h. IBS, v. Hebr. Diet.), sub. 
ipa* *n one whose right hand is tied up or unfit for labor; 
left-handed. Sabb. 103 a "P^s. Men.' 37 a only 'S. Tosef. 
Bekh. V, 8 '31 TO P3 'S; Bekh. 45 b '=1 "P3 P3 '« one 
either left-handed or left-legged (v. Bashi a. 1.). 

O^TiiTnaK pr. n. pi. Tripolis, on the coast of 
Phoenicia. Y.' S~abb. IH, 6° top; (Bab. ib. 45 b Sidon). 

WilON, Wl"^!* m. (v. smtt*) orange (tree, 
a. fruit). Targ. Cant. II, 3 (h. text nisH, some ed. ITS). 
Y. Ab. Zar. II, 41 a hot. * ■ 

^im v. yhe% 

"'"ItilS, ^nHtSl&jl f. (1B3; cmp. -r)m a. rvvna) prop. 
something preserved, hence rfow^A preserved, vermicelli. 
■ Y. Hall. I, 57 d bot. as I intend making 'S vm^S my 
dough into vermicelli. Y. Bets. I, 60 d '31 sn^BS S^n 
to make verm.- (on Holy Days), if for drying them, it is 
forbidden &e. 

5<3iD~lt3^ pr. n. pi. Trachqnitis, a district .east of 
Gaulanitis. Tjirg.Y.II, Deut. Ill, 14 (h. Argob). V. JOIilB. 

^TJS^, •^S T 1'PS m. (=»6"!B; h. qna) leaf. Git. 69 b 
(collector— f?: T pBhBS, isSbS.' Targ. Ps'. I, 3. B. Mets. 
114 b (Var. iBIB, v.' Babb. D. S. a. 1.). 

rri !S« prefix, v. "S. 

^ I fern, of W q. v. 

"Wll, ''^I (=rs; h. BS; c.mj). .is) I) if, whether. 
Targ". Cant. VH, 13; a. e.— Ber. 2 a , a. fr. isma (a,bbrey. 
n"S) if this ,be so (introducing an ,ajgument aga,inst one's 
opinion). — ^B.H^sh.3 a/ 3V!UaBa 13 khi has four meapings, 
"'S if, &c. — "^as ist (abbrev. 3"S) a) if you choose, it may 
also be said; or. B. Mets. 98? ; a. fr.— b) even if, v. "naj. 
Hull. 12 a '31 sa^il 3"!i< (Bashi '31 fflilis J»aaJ 3"S) even 
if somebody else overheard it; a. fr.— -Saiffla mas "'S 
(abbr. 3"SS=maK TK Salsffl3) I grant, if you were to say 
.... IJiin then would be right what &c; v. Kabma. X oma 

17 b ; ». fr.— is is whether ...or. Targ. Koh. XI, 6. 

B. Mets. 98 a ; a. fr. — 2) adv. of interrogation, v. -yK H. 
Targ. Job XI, 2 Ms. (ed. PS). 

n NlII (=h.PS) not. Git. IV, 5 -ross ■« it is.yivpos- 
sible.' Keth. XII, 3 ^BS "W I want not; a. fr. 

^IY (abbr. of n-^S, as -4=k4) fAere if: Y. Snh. VI, 
23 b bot. '31 13 ■« there is in me (the po^sibiHty of) 
doing, i. e. I can do it. Ib. '31 '"iK Ina what' is it thou 
canst do? (v. Y. Hagi II, 78 a top). 

. ■'S^II (b. h. ■«) Interj. Eh! Oh! Woe! Targ. Y. II, 
Lev.'xXVI, 29.— Taan. 7, a '31 .naSB ^S 0,h, for such a 
brilliant mind in such an ugly vessel (bodjy) I B. Hash. 
19 a d">au: is Oh heavens !; *ai fr. Y. Shek.'V, end, 49 b 
'31 ^Kjo'^ is woe unto me, that I thus see thee I Y. Yeb. 
XHI, 14?" top;' a. fr. [BabU, usually ^is.] 



x"i:pk 



. (cmp. ax) growth, fruit. Targ. 



=Kax father. Targ. Y. Num. 



;. Targ. I Kings VI, 3 



"^ III O**) h. a. ch. (b. h. lit, rn&) where? what? 
how?—)in "W whence? Targ. Josh. II, 4; a. e.— Hebr. 
fil T* (often rrpx, nj« in one word) wAo? which? Y. 
Kil. VIII, beg.31 b laxs 131 nntOs with regard to what 
(in what way, sense) has it been said ? Y. Shebi. I, beg. 
33 a fn nt "Wl and which (ploughing time) is this?; a. v. 
fr.— Y. Peah III, 17 c top SWa 13*1 i"W (^ilitf) and 
what is the meaning of merog? Kerith. 6 b "psia 11&& 
"o^ISS what need is there (of the others)? Cmp. njiX; 
"WW; is" 1 ?. 

n^ v. a*. 

Gen. IV,' 3; a. eJ; v. ! 
XXX, T 4;'a. fr. 

*a;n^H^ai, P i.a 

(ed. Vien. x;aaiS;). T 

HITX f. (b. h.; a?8, yiX or 3K, cmp. rTOXaK, ',1X, 
"(is) 1) enmity, hostility, grudge. Snh. Ill, 5 an enemy 
is he who has not spoken to his neighbor for three days 
'SO in his grudge; a. fr. — 'X (">SSa) dlffla for the sake of 
preventing ill-feeling. Y. Dem. IV, 24 a ; a. fr.— 2) aver- 
sion, disgust, loss of attraction. Y. Yoma VIII, 44 d hot. 
'X iSBa.ln&3H the bride (is permitted to wash her face on 
the Day of Atone.) that she may not lose her attraction. 

IS^, 12SSI (tH" 1 ^) f. (ass, yas. cmp. tea) [Jfacft], 

name of a bird (h. fiSSX) wftwre or kite. Targ. 0. Lev. 
XI, 19; Deut.XIV, 18' (Targ. Y. XHaslX). [Targ. Y. I, II 
Deut. XIV, 13; 14, gloss to v. 18; confounded with v. 
13 — h. text irPX.] — Enst pr. n. m., v. SX. 

"mS" 1 ^ m. (13X) ruin, destruction. Ab. Zar. 33 a 
"&6 h"m is wasted. Hull. ll b nafflS 'X DTOa to prevent 
loss of life (to save the convict). Bets. 22 a 'paa "flax pecu- 
niary loss; a. fr. 

5 ! fi" l Nl m. Cxx<) mourning; v. rtftias. Yeb. IV, 
10; a. e." 

b^SSlII, iO^I* ch., v. 'ax. 

DQiS v. was. 

"blSPSt, 'K HSD, y. was. 

DliTN m. (03X) stuffing, forcing food down the an- 
imal's throat. Erub. 20 b (first time) '21 "jWBS ">X Xfll in 
stuffing, is it not as if taking a vessel in hand &c? 
[Second time '21 ',Xa3 'X SUl omitted in Ms. M.] 

, *XWTTX, TXrr&X-L pi. (prob. contr. of 
"-PSa^X; "isa), X1!T!1 'x lamp-lighters, hand-maids who 
attended to the lights. Y. Yoma III, beg. 40 b ; Y. E. 

Hash. II, beg. 57 d it handled things forbidden to 

handle on the Sabbath Tl 'X D1S bv (Y. E. Hash. 1. c, 



insert DIB) on the lamplighters' declaring that night had 
set in (nai» iXSSia roWl). [The context proves that our 
w. designates a person or persons,] 

!^b3" l 5<=!!<bD!S<. Targ. O. Gen. L, 10; a. e. ed. Berl., 
oth. ed.' X$ax. 

d^ba">», v. r va«. 

n" 1 ^" 1 ^ (=rvwa -w, v. isa) if thou so desirest; or. 
Xa^X 'XI— Xa^X 'X (abbr. X"3X) if you choose, I may 
say ... or if you prefer (another solution) I may say ... 



""Q" 1 ^} pi. tji-ia^x, 'pia">x, v. lax. 

Jj^nn* 1 ?!^, 2^ ch.(=foreg.)l)Wm&.Targ.Job.II,4(Ms. 
Xiaix). Yoma25 b .— Trnsf. arm, wing, pinion. Sabb. 90 b . 
X^XailJI 'X left arm.— PL 'pa'W, X^ia^X. Targ. Lev. I, 8, 
a. e. (pieces). Targ, Ezek. XVII* 3'; Deut. XXXII, 11 
(wings). — 2) membrum genitale. Targ. Y. Gen. XIV, 2; 
I ibid. XLIX, 24.— [B. Mets. 84 a , v. rVJia'W.] 

StHj'fi* (13X to be strong) indeed, to be sure. Hull. 
59 b irV Win 'X indeed, I should like to see him. Git. 
56 b top !"\X JOia 'X indeed, thou art a sovereign. 

' (Kri!>t*H!2" l fcf f. pi. (v. next w.) enough for a meal 
in the household.' Erub. 82 b 'X XHS^I Hin Ms. M. (ed. 
jsninaix, Asheri, ed. Ven. xninas* v. Eabb. D. S. a. 1. 
note) two large loaves of the household (or of mourners' 
meals). [Eashi, expl. our w. as loaves of drivers of oxen, 
appears to have had. before him the vers, of Ms. M. and 
to derive our w. from Xia, v. 131 a. 1BX.] 

n^"1D' 1 i< f. (na, v. scjiairt) a meal. B. Mets. 84 a 
"31 'll"'!* 'one meal of E. Ismael &c. (v. Eabb. D. S. to 
xnxnaix, Erub. 82 b , note 1); cmp. Pesik. B'shall. p. 90 b 
sq., a. Ber. 44 a ). [Some read rinsm v. Xia^iX: 2).] 

"P")!^ Y. M. Kat. Ill, 82 b hot. read insist; v. ism 
[V. however, xnxnjrx end.] 

Stf"n~Q" , !tf Y. M. Kat. Ill, end, 83 d , v. X*iain. 

"WIS, v.nsx. 

&<H^P&^&n!p& Targ. Zeph. I, 5 (pi.) S^WW 
(ed. Vien. 'lSX). TT ' ' 

"nW v. rrb*. 

ri!j4"'J' 1 !!< f. (alyeia, sub. 8opa) goat-skin: Gen.- E, 
s. 20, end.. ' 

vbp s v. K^tK. 

~lJ n 5< -(1S«n) [vaulted] roof. Arakh. 32 a ; Meg.5 b 114} 
'lit a city line formed by joining roofs, opp. Slain. — 

fcn^K, *nj1», ^nj5< (also 'in* with Dagesh) 
const. T 1JiA same T . ' Targ.Prov. XXI, 9 ; a. fr.— Euth. E. to 



I,. 17 (Par. 3) )">tibt> IJ^X roof of the palace. Git. 85 b 
(Rashi m»NS, corr. ace), v. rniX.—Pl. i^VK, S*^1S\N;; 
•np*. Targ. II Kings XIX, 26; a. e.— Y* Pes. VII, W' 
(Cant. B. to II, 14 nxwQX, corr. ace); v. KIWI. Lam. 
B. introd. (B. Yoh. 1) "fp^O 'KVl and they ascend the 
roofs. Pes. lll b 'X "Q1 those (demons) dwelling on roofs. 

&nfN letter, v. m^ . 

SFniPS, 'SXf. XiaiXm.(==h.niJX) heifer &c. Targ. II 
Kings' V. 5;' a. fr'.— Y." Ned. X, end,"42 b , a. e. IpTSI 'X 
letter of honor, recommendation. Sabb. 115 a ; a. &.• — B. 
Mete. 83 b ; Snh. 82 a ; 96 a (prov.) "Hn^ tfTK 'XI W^lp 
KpiYTlB let him who composed the letter be himself its 
carrier.— PI. (of XIS^X) •pa-'K. Targ. Y. II Num. XXII, 7 

'ax.— Targ.is.xxxix',i.— iifx.ixifx, xrnaix, xnxif x. 

Targ. I Kings XXI, 9; a. fr*— Y. Keth. II, T 26 b bot.'Y. 
Ned. VI, 40 a bot. Y. Snh. I, 19 a top. 

TS m. (b. h.; 11X, IIS, cmp. ns, XM^X) turn, due 
day, whence 1) evil fate, reverses. Gen. B. s. 13, v. "IN. 
— 2) anniversary , idolatrous festival. Ab. Zar. 7 b D"P 
dl^X the very day of their festival.— PI. D^K. lb. I, 2, 
a. fr. (di-aa ^25) in/n^K. lb. 2 a ; Y. Erub. V, beg. 22 a 
(controversy as to spelling with 'X or with »). [As to 
cacophemistic designation, cmp. "jliax &c] 

STSl, ST?, S"J? ch. same. Targ. Esth. I, 3. 
Targ. T Prov. VIL* 20. 

stsii, v. r ™ a. tvm 

STSl, STS f. (=XT<; v. "X) tod (only in Targ. 
Y.). Targ. Y. Deut. IX, 26; a. fr.— PI. X^X, X*1iX, in^Bt. 
Targ. Ps. XXIV, 4; a. fr. 

STS II f. (=K1 "W, v. !«* a. XI) tfw's, the same. Y. 
Erub. Ill, 21 b bot. 'X iK 'X "'X max Xin this proves this 
is this, this is that, i. e. it is the same. [lb. Xin KM 

xin am] 



STS woo?, v. xi-nx, a. 



up) louiw. Succ. 35 a ; v. irnn. 



TITS m. (Si 

SPITS v. wm 

"TS pi. of 1$T&. 

TS, fPTS pr. n. m. M, Idith, an Amora. Y. 
Yoma VII, beg. 44 a . Snh. 38 b ; a. e. 

■pTS m., STS S"PS ( n T?S) S3TS f. (h. 

nrx, ihk) 1) w>Ao wow? what now? 'which now? (quis- 
nam, quidnam). Targ. I Sam. VI, 20. Targ. Jer. II, 10; 
a. fr. — Tam. 32 a ffOM ilpna 'X who is to be called wise? 
Lam. B. to 1,1 ('nxa in 4) '31 Kill* -fc i a nx show me now 
which of these is from a white goat &c. Y. Pes. II, 28 c 
top XI "«X XI^Xl what (passage) now says this ' (is 



this derived from)? Y. Sot. V, 20 c bot. xrain il^Kl 
n^ias and what is the sin I have committed ? Lam. B. 
to III, 7 '31 X^BIBOX XD"PX3 by which road did you come ? 
2) (ellipt.) what do you want? Y. B. Kam. V,*beg. 4 d , 



^TS, v. ' ? x. 
£TTS, v. -m*. 

IjTS m. a. fern. (=Tft, with T* prosth.) this, that, 
freq. the other, another. Yeb. 62 a ; a. fr. 'X X^in another 
(author or Boraitha) teaches. lb. 22 b Kip 'X3. in another 
verse. B. Mets. 98 b KJSHi V& 'XI and as to the other 
(cow), I don't know; a. fr.— PI. 11->X.— 'XI 'X these and 
those, i. e. both. Yeb. 8 a ; a. fr. 

tots v. wbijj. 

"}TS m. (11X, v. Kills) tow-cotton, &c, esp. 6asf 
twisted for a wick. Sabb. II, 1 , expl. in Babli (20 b ) 
XJiinx, v. KJTjIlK 3), in Y. (4 C ) KnWS. 

S3TS v. -pyw. 

SJTS, MT« m. (= lr? , K5TO; 11X.1W) «m e ._ 
Xil^xn ttis time,' now, to-day. Targ. Y. Deut. I, 6 (usu. 
with, 9).— Yeb. 62 a 'Kill xMs this night. Yoma 19 b 'XH 
'31 Xaii to-day is the Day of Atone. Ber. 4 a 'xh "D at 
this very time (hour). Kid.71 b ^Xal X3W 'Xm but now- 
a-days when there are deceivers; a. fr. 

ITS, STTS y. nix. 

""jITta-nTS, read 

^ib^DilTS m. (GSpojxvjXov) a cidfir of quince 
jelly. Y. Shebi'. Ill, beg. 37 b . 

yhTs, srfiTs, wii^is, srmjs 

m. (11X; Assyr. idrdnu, v. Fred. Del. Hebr. Lang. p'. 24; 
cmp. liri) an enclosure, chamber, esp. dark alcove, bed- 
room. Targ. Job XXXVII, 9. Meg. 26 b '31 mm 'I^X a room 
where the corpse was placed before burial. B. Bath. 7 a 
'1iX •$> r™» xniUH ed. (Ms. M. IJiK XMtfni) now thou 
makest my (formerly open) compartment a lightless 
alcove. Hull. 52 b ; a. e.— Men. 33 b (fern.) xniiVsa 'X a 
fine room. B. Kam. 85 b , v. pnn. Taan. 25 a 'J^X^ KV«3> 
she went up to the bed-room. 

rtii-)TK=preced. 

"nTX v. 111II. 

sriiisHsrins. 

iri"lTS, Koh. B. to IV, 7 man y&a bffi TttVK it 
(Var. in Y'de Mosheh a. 1. n"X iffil), a corruption of a 
mutilated clause, part of which is to be found in Deut. 
B. s. 2 where Prov. XXIV, 21 is reprehended and Solo- 
mon is made to emend it with Koh. IV, 8 1385 'pXI mx 1B\ 



The passage restored would probably read: ns SO" 1 II 

im . . . . n"apn &sa sanx i las /si ns -bai -oa i 

/si is© •psi mx BJi lain ns amn 

^'D'HpffPS* Y. Dem. V, 24 d , a corruption; prob. 
wVspiJil* m. pi. (oivoxortnrjXoi) keepers of wine-shops, 
opp. WSttS; q. v. 

JT 1 ^ pr. n. m. Ayah. Git. 35 a iia 'X A. Mari, sur- 
name of one Aha b. Hidya. 

^JTfcjl (v. next w. a. Mi) that, the same. Targ.Euth 
I, 16. J 

TP$, •■fctlTPNl m., 1W f. (=in, »n, v. -») he, him- 
self; she, herself. 'Targ. Y. Lev. V, 3. Targ. Esth. I, 1 ; 
a. v. fr.— Gen. E. s. 49 '31 'X a&i let himself take ashes; 
a. fr.— PL WttT* m., ihST* f.; W5, inr?; ^J-W, 'j'B'W 
m., 'p3' 1 S f. (contr. 'pax, 'pSI*); very freq.— Y. Bice. II, 
end, 65 b ''p"ia ',15'H='paN; ■pi'Wl. Y. Meg. I, 71 a top p^i* 
■p" 1 !* are there only these (differences between the Sab- 
bath and Festivals)? 

"TTN I, v. foreg. 

VP&j* II, .("Wi) S^JST '» pr. n. pi. I#« Dakkira, Is, 
a city' on the W. banks of the Euphrates, and upon a 
little river of the same name; (v. Eapap. Er. Mill, p. 33, 
a. Sm. Class. Diet. s. v. Is). Kid. 72 a 1 'X (Ar/wi). 
B. Bath. 24 a Ms. E. "<p1 'j* (ed- SOpl ">«n, v. Eabb. D. 
S. a. 1.). Ber. 59 b (v. Eabb. D. a. 1.). 

T'SS pr. n. m. .4^0, a scholar. Bets. 37 b ; a. fr. 

UT^ (b. h.) pr. n. m. Job, the personage after whom 
the Biblical book ('X ISO) the Book of Job is named. 
B. Bath. 14 b ; 15 a sq. Y. Sot. V, end, 20 cd . Nid. 52 ab ; 

m.^laDIT'lS Yalk. Ex. 376, read MXDSmiK, v. 
-?D5WI1K. 

br$, b™, v . v:« a>. 

' •feWfef* pi- »ir» m. (TM*, cmp. WIS, Tin, US) j>Hc% 
twiffi. Y. Maas. Sh. IV, 55 b bot. (to one who dreamt 
that people ran before him— meaning power) Wn tt*l 
'31 'S thou wilt carry prickly twigs and everybody will 
run away from thee. [V. Lam. E. quot. s. v. aas.] 

■j^n'ra, v. a™. 

IXPfy ^^r.^ (Targ. Y. ISIS, ISIS) m. (contr. of 
SOlSIS,' S softened into X or S, cmp. SIX, .JKBSSBt; also 
1151la=SI»1la, s. v. S1SI; Massorah' fiat^S, "ISOX, Ispe. 
of 4W; jtypsl. Targ. ; Q. JI, pp.,63, 68; cnip.M^nd. KISKSm, 
Nfild. ife,nd.,Gr. lithpg.iable; V..11S, IIS) ryayugr. Targ. 
Y.<Gen. "xjffiK, 21 >$p y a light ranner; a. e. top. 
MPHflgr. JBfc T^tftf, "«5^y»* 1?» P» 'Si^- Targ. Is. 
S^H,I,2;a.-y.fr/ 



Tliir^ pr. n. m. (for trains) Yesdigerd, Yezdjird, 
a Persian King. Zeb. 19 a top. Keth. 61 a bot. liaiX 

^n|Pi< m., pi. 'pIS'pSJ (IIS, v. 11SK-; prefix 'n*, 
cmp. Vapsj a. tspx) mounds. Gen. E- s. 74 rwi -bpna 
'31 'X ma in a field in which there are mounds (behind 
which people may hide) talk no secrets. [Muss, incorr. 
1 for 1.] 

^-r^v.igi. 

™.% ^r$ 1$ .*»., 'irx f.(b. h. n m =m ■% 

Sin nns, II i&j) who?' what? which? Ab. IV,1 03H inns 
who is wise?; a. v. fr. — Is nnsta in what manner, v. 
ire. [Chald. rmK, ni*w.] 

'ITS^ v. foreg., a. ■">li«. 

mT-N, anirs, v. 'w. 

" I T 1 ^, ir5$ (v. n.nx=b. h. xism, n'ss, iss) »ow, then, 

pray. Yoma 30 b 'X '*£ 111S (miss, in Mss., Ms. M. 2 "ilj 
admit then at least. B. Mets. 70 a ffs* "b SaiS .tell me 
now ; a. e. V. yiin. 

H^r^. .^JW m., t&bm f. (ilSH) ^6, .««*,. 4c. 
Hull. T 51 b ilaip laipal "isV net in which the knots are 
close. Erub. 28 b 1131S1 snillS Ms. M. (ed. KtlVniS, Ar. 
sniirx) the twist (of bunches) of the farmer.— PL ^». 
M. Kat. ll a . Git. 60 b ibllS; v. fcOnix.— Erub. 8 a n^VpOS 
'ISO H-tTb (ed. Sonc. ^k) he separated the court-y.ards 
of Sura with nets (hurdles, matting). 

^Qpif m., v. worn Tosef.Kil. I, 11 ed.Zuck. (ed. 
corrupt NaTNalX). "' - 

b">nr?s?, ^)% 1$ (bnm)m, h. », «*. (^ 

ylsaj cmp. b. h.'l=a&; cmp. xisns)_ew^»y ipoZ, &«i/e, 
esp. surgeon's knife. Targ. Job XVI, 9; a. e.— Hull. 31 a 
n^ilp lb ffl'ilB 'X a knife which has hornlike projections 
as ornaments; Y. Sabb. XIX, beg. 16 d 'IX Wa 11UMN 
they had forgotten to bring the knife (for circumcision). 
Ex. E. s. 26 man '31 *wa nsa wounds with a knife 
(operating) and heals &c. PL Chald. X^balst; *)1l|at5< (f.). 
Targ. Is.XLIV,13. Targ. Josh. V, 2. 

~ID5 n N, Y. Shebi. IV, 35 a ,.v. lall.' 

nSp^Nl («Spr^), v. nBipDS. 

NTn^ptf, v. -iK. 

"^TWl m. Cns, Pi.) the act of stitching together 
seam, esp. with ref.tothe rent of garments in mourning. 
Y. M. Kat. m,.83 b ,top; a. e.— M. Kat. 26 b ■'"tlJpsbx 'N 
Alexandrian (invisible) seam. 

"VHT1JS' ,m. <*in», Pi.) delay, detention. Y. Meg. JM, 

74 b top. 

^niH 11 ^ oh. sanie. T,arg. Ps. LXXXIX, 52, coi^st. 



*Nt3lTS- m. (Ithp. of XBn) one in the habit of 
sinning. Y. Taan. I, 64 a top ["rturts 'X mfl was foul- 
mouthed: v. Afakh. 15 b . 

^ta" 1 ^, iTl^N I (tJtoc) the letter (rj) of the Greek 
Alphabet, the numerical value of which is eight J used 
in the way of a phonetic play (^Tto, or Ixi as though an 
adj. verbale of Isv&i) to indicate going or death. Gen. 
E. s. 14, beg. (proving that a seven months' child can 
live, while an eight months' child cannot) iBaa X3X pTila 
XB"31X H'ta^K,. XB'"BX S'ts^l yo^ from your own (Greek) 
language I will prove it to you, 'Live (£ir)T<o) seven, Go, 
eight' (S=gitT«, t)=8xt(o). Y. Yeb. IV, 5 d top; Tanh. 
B'midbar 18 (corr. ace); Ibid, (ed. Buber) 21. 

aobata^, v. x^x. 

iTEa 11 ^ II (Syr. XB"<X, eka) a»d so (indignantly). 
Y. Snh. T I, 'l8 d top '31 -tirtTES 'X how thou hast been the 
cause of my putting rabbis to shame ! 

oiD^a v. d™. 
JTiD^ta^, v. wax, 

fc&ibffw v. ^ 

^?^"'^' ^T^" 1 ^ P r - n - Pi- •»«&> es P- the south- 
ern part of the peninsula, called Magna Graecia. Meg. 
6 b ed. Ven. (omitt. in later ed.) Vffii "p3 m p 5»B 'X 
'31 iai1 illJ (Ms. M. lailS© v. Eabb. D. S. a. 1.) Greek 
Italy, that means the great city of Eome &c. Gen. E. 
s. 37 beg. lb. s. 67 IT^KUiK.— Targ. Ezek. XXVII, 7; 
a. e.— Targ. I Chr. I, 7 fi^BiX. 

rbi^a, o^bcpN, v. n>ax. 

n^D' 1 b'P" l Sl f. (v. T^BX) sfattoM. PZ.hi'&^tfX. Tanh. 
Mase ll;'ib\ (ed. Buber ni^B^X); v. ^08. 

NrfipbtffW, v. xnpbm. 

^W#m.,tV$bu*># f. (v. X^X) Baton. Kid. 
1, 1 'Xn "i&iX Asltal'ic'us, Italian as. Snh. VIII, 2 ipia'wa 
Y. ed. (Bab. 'Xfi, corr. ace); Lev. E. s. 37 rvpliBito in 
Italian measure. Y. Sabb. XVni, beg. 16°; a. e. 

Dt2^1tf Lam. E. to I, 1 ("ran), "81 read WW v. "VF*]. 

Hn^R m. (dux) l)=xaBX.— 2) obstruction, dam. 
Kid. 70 b ' 

'jlE'EjPS'S pr.n.m.Bwow, surname of the angel Gabriel 
(coverer of sin). Snh. 44 b ; v. &BX. 

llSpR. m. (BBX; cmp. BBfi, a. BBS) calamus, a reed 
used for' writing (cmp. b. h. BS). Tosef. Kil. Ill, 14 Var. 
ed. Zuck. (text SblX, prob. BW*). Y. Kil. V, end, 30 a 
■ptsfrri. V. ^'a^h. 

"Q^iSl f. (foreg.) pencil, tube. Sot. 48 b "iSS *>© 'X 
(Y; Sot IX, 24 b bot. a. At, 1b) a leaden tube (Bashi* 

«Wj!fi)i V. iJt?. 



-HSf» v. tb* 

SJflTD^H B. Mets. 39 b ; B. Bath. 29 b - Ms. M., v.JXl&S. 

"THl^R, TTVKRfc m.'(-ffirt, cmp. Xi-JIB) watchman, 
officer. Targ. Is. IX,"l3; XIX, 15. 

pbtSlta 1 !^ read 'pB^B'naOiX, v. XB^BIBOX, ' 

"KS V. 1*111. 

13^«, v. u*. 

n T^ (contr. of ili to; v. -X) 1) 6y tte wag of, 
through. Sabb. 109 b malS 'X through his mouth.— 
Naz. 2 a Yvata 'X through the instrumentality of the an- 
imal ; a. fr .— 2) (conj.) fiecawse, swrce as, i»5 i:n . . . , Wl 'X 
as the compiler had to state this, he incidentally mentions 
also the other. Kid. 65 a ; a. fr. 

fT"^ Snh. 106 a , v. 1.3]. 

bD^Af.of^3X. 

b^a, .»b^» &c, v. '^x. 

ib" 1 ^ (ss'p'bn i») where are those?, which?. Y. Ber. 
II, 5 b 'JJS'I 'X which rabbis? 

D 1 ^, Pi. of d?X. 

^iD* 1 " 1 ^ (cmp. I^n) is i< he? Cant. E. to V, 16 'X 
-p-O is this thy son? 

rprbataj^&t, 'sw^n read n^sox. 

*D"O n,1 S, D" , 3" I " , J< Y. Dem. VII, 26 b , E. S. to Dem. 
VII, 3 '"^laiBX, t>ia">BX, prob. aisiax m. (frtovoi) languid, 
feeble. 

T"^ m. (11X; cmp. b. h. Tt) Jyar, the second month 
of the Hebrew calendar, of twenty nine days, varying 
betw. the tenth of April and the eighth of June. E. 
Hash. 3 a ; a. fr. [V. Schrader K. A. T. glossary.] 

*S"1" 1 ^ f. (118; cmp. -iXi esp. Job XXVm, 10; v. H. 
Diet. s.V) 'channel, duct. Y. M. Kat.I,80 b bot. 'Pr^tl 'X 
'31 the duct of Zepph. was damaged during the festive 

'■n^s v. *«, x^x. 

Il3' l "l' 1 ^ m. (slpfveov, elptvouv, neut.) woolen. Bsth. 
E. to I, 6 (ref. to Aquila's translation). 

-TOJVN v. nti^j. 

^S as, how. Targ. Prov. XX, 20; a. fr. 

SO 1 ^ (=iX a. X3) where now*, (ubinam). Targ. 0. 
Gen. XXXVII," 16 (ed. Berl.); a. e., v. 'js^X a. so^h. 



iViB 



HS" 1 ^ (contr. of »S-hn«) 1) there is, there are {sunt 
qui). T "naxi 'X (abbrev* 1"X.) some say. Hull. 3* b ; a. fr. 
ltm^a 'I* they differ in this &c, lb. 4 a ; a. fr.— .'X ixa 
'vmb what is there to say? how can it be explained? 
what can you reply? lb. 12 a top; a.fr. — *2) he who. Targ. 
Prov. XIX, 7. [Prob. to be read XJiX.] 

p^Tp" 1 !^ how then! how! Targ. 0. Deut. I, 12; a. e.; 



iTD 1 ^ (b. h.=rts-ix) 1) oh how! oh! Gen. B. s. 19; 
a. ' fr.— 2) Ekhah, name of the Book of Lamentations, 
also 'X rim— Wi 'X EMafc Babbathi (Lam. B.), 
Midrash Babboth on Lamentations. 

'D^ 1) (=n= iX) if now; oh that. Bets.4 b topxntun '8 
ixbnaiX' if I (had given my decision forthwith) I should 
have made a mistake. Yeb. 46 a . — Snh. 107 a '31 Xaai 'X 
oh that a muzzle had been put on my enemy's (euphem. 
for my) mouth! i. e. oh that I never had said this! — 
2) pr. n. f. Ikhu. Taan. 35 a what is thy name? She said, 
Ikhu—Said he "pWS lBa5 'X oh that thy joists were 
sufficiently long! 

5 ! ©" I N m. (ttx) consumption, combustion. Y. Ber. 
IV, 7 b top, a. e. Di"QiX 'X the consumption on the altar 
of the pieces of the daily offering; v. lax. [V. to" 1 ?.] 

!tfQ ; D' 1 S< m. (S3X) black color, something black. Y. 
Sabb. T II, 4 d ' 'X )tlft black naphta. , 

P" 1 ^) "R^ (r*? r ' , S*, v. X^X) wAere? also relat. 
where, &c. Targ. Gen. XXXVII, 16. Y. Ber. I, 3 b bot. 
hip na nxsi 'X where did that divine voice come forth? 
lb. Ill, 6 a bot. matt 'Xa one from whom to learn, 
lb. IV, 7 a '31 imA 'Xa whence did they derive the obliga- 
tion of three prayers? — 'X IS how far? how long? Y. 
Peah VIII, beg. 20 d . Cant. B. to VI, 4 ; a. e. [In Babli 

irnq.v.] 

rrwis,' mEPK Est h. b. to i, i b «« ■« (y«. 

'31K), v. XB^BIX. 

' n&D^ v. MB3X. 

"IS 1 ^, "Oi* m. (b. h., 13X, ]/"lS, cmp. 133) hus- 
bandman, farm-laborer. Arakh. VI, 3 (23 b ) 'ix mn tax 
(Mish. '3X) if he is a husbandman; a. e.— PI. b' 1 "©"'!*. Y. 
M. Kat. Ill, 82 b bot. ria^X (read VIB^X) his farm-hands. 

[V. TO 1 *.] TT 

^"15"'!$, '3X. ch. same. Targ. Is. XXI, 10; a. e.—Pl. 
f "W, Wl3">X, 113">X. Targ. Jer. XXXI, 23; a. e.— Erub. 
28 b , v. xipX.— *Denom. XrT<;i3">X f. pl. : Erub. 82 b xnBI 
'X farmer's loaves; v., however, xnx^iiix. 

DH^*v.'=x. 



MT^a v. j 



*5 >1 N, b* 1 * 1 ^ m. (b. h.; VlX) superiority, patronage, 
arbitration; v.%idr. Till, to Ps. LXXXVIII, 5,. lb. to 
Ps. CIV, 29 (ref. to Is. LVII, 19 peace, peace &c.) 

'31 bw ft^X (ft^X) ttlVw but for the peace-making ar- 
bitration of the Lord &c. 

b" 1 ^, T" 1 ^ m. (b. h.; Vix) 1) ram (the strong).' B. 
Kam. 65 b if one stole 'X na»51 nicj a lamb and it grew 
to be a ram. lb. 'X Tip lav p 'X a ram one day old 
is called a ram (ayilis used in a general sense, irrespect- 
ive of age). B. Hash. 16 a ; a. fr.— [*Pl. trt>X. Tosef. B. 
Hash. Ill (II), 3 (Var. dttsc).]— *2) XSap 'X [perh. ^X 
q. v.] a species of locusts. Eduy. VIII, 4; Pes. 16 a ; Ab. 
Zar. 37 a >^X ed. (Ms. M. Vl^X), v. "Ol. 

b'Stf m. (b. h.; prob. fr. VlX=VtS, cmp. Var. lect. of 
n^XII; cmp. ttx) [the climber}, hart. Hull. 28 a ; a. e. 

j6^, tityyt ch.=h. V* 1); trnsf. 1) beak of a 
ship (a beam to 'which the head of a ram was attached), 
prow. Ned. 50 a .— 2) projection from a lateral wall, butt- 
ress, &c. Targ.Ezek.XL,48; a. e. (Var. X^X).— *8) (cmp. 
V^X 2) name of a worm or mite in grapes. Sabb. 90 a V<K 
(Bashi a. Ms. Oxf. "*!*). 

tfb'8, ^b" 1 ^, fct>W ch.=h. ^X. Targ. 0. Deut. 
XIV, Y; "a. fr.— Bekh. fi'.—Pl. -ft>% X^*X, **X. Targ. 
Y. Deut. 1. c. (edi Vien. itt/W) Targ. Lam. I, 6. 

Sb" 1 ^ pr. n. m. Ila 1); a Tannai. Bekh. IV, 5 (29 a ), 
a medical expert tliSVi 'X3 like I. in Yabneh'.— 2) an 
Amora. Yoma 73 b ; a. fr. [Other forms 'xsV*>X, ^X, xWl;. 
v. Frankel M'bo p. 75 b .] 

JST'ij! v. X^X. Y. Shebu. I, 33 b bot. "W xianba X^i 
v. XB&Tl. 

■pOfcfrW v. X13^X. 

nb^ y.^. 

nb^, rfr% nb^s f . ( b. h. rf*x ; v. **> 

1) hind, roe. B. Bath. 16 b top IS ham 'X the hind has 
a narrow womb (vagina). — 2) mostly nfilBfi nVw tte 
^rsi rays (climber) of the morning dawn; cmp, Yoma 
29 a . Y. Ber. I, 2 C ; a. fr.; (cmp. Gen. XIX, 15 nbs IrHDh). 

pnb^/v. -ix. 

ib^v.*x. ' 

ib 1 ^, Pesik. B. s. 17 DiV* 'X v. b^iar^x.. 

ib" 1 ^, ibSS! (late b. h.=lb IX; cmp. Ez. Ill, 6) i/(oh 
that !), Targ. Ez. 1. c. ; a. fr— Gen. B. s. 1 2 SlX5 Slim .... I^M 'X 
if the pillars had been higher, it would have looked 
better; a. fr. — 'XI but if (considering), whereas. Ber. 20 a ; 
a. fr.— '1 'XT whereas B.Yudah &c— 'XI .... 'Awhile ..,., 
inthis case on the contrary. Vo. 37 a '31^X1 . . . . . najsaa'xi 
for while over pot-dishes we say the benediction &c, 
here, in our case we say—; a. fr. Y. Shebu. I, 33 b top 



— !B ">a "iX in the case of one who .... . — siiiftjBE, libs©, 
contr. -ijcs as */", as ttow^A. Y. Maas. Sh. V, 5'6 d bot. 
Wiffl VOSb 0*3 as if the Lord were, so to say, asleep, 
when Israel is in trouble; a. v. fr. — Y. Kil. IV, end, 29 d 

15*3. 

"pjlb" 1 ^, ]"tflb&$ m. (elogium) record, bill of in- 
dictment, sentence stating the crime, verdict. Ex.it. s. 15 
asbw ">X "rasXUJ I may set aside (cancel) your verdict. lb. 
s. 31 '*>«. [Corr. ace. Num. E.s. 16 ya^X; Gen. E. s. 28, 
beg. p^i*as< ; Lam. E. to I, 14 pibSX, yiSlblblX Ar,; 
Midr. Till, to Ps. I, 5 y^ast; Pesik. R. s. 44 yai^ax, 
•paiaX.] 

^"nb" 1 ^ Git. 69 b , v. Xlbx. 

tf ffl^TN f. (i"fy (lamentation at) funeral escorts. 
Targ. Job. Ill, 7 Ms. (ed. XrVP>X; h. text •jn-l-i). 

blb^^bvN;. Targ. Y. Num. XIV, 37. 

&&|VN, ^W, % 1) (b. h. ■«*=& «-*, ch. 
xb sfeisj) were ** «o#, but for (followed by h. "UJ, ch. ""->, 
or by a noun without a verb; v. xba^X). Targ. Y. Deut. 
I, 1 ; a. e.— Mekh. B'shall., Amalek 1 rTOa laxtt} 'X but for 
Moses, who said &c; a. fr. — 2) (followed by a verb without 
-1» or -1=xVfe">X h. sfcist) if indeed, if. Targ. Koh. VI, 6. 
Targ. Esth. VII, 4; a. e.— *3) oh that! Num. E. s. 2, beg. 
'31 Viaio Xlfi 'X oh that He would allow His love to 
be a banner over me! ["■'XlbX as in preceding lines?]— 
*4) whether. Targ.* Cant. VI, 11 '31 ',1SB 'X whether the 
sages among them increase &c. 

■p'SPblV 1 ^, "jiBblbN (=preced. with yS=h! )a) if 
not perchance, but for. Targ. Y. Gen. XXXI, 42 ; a. fr. 
(in some ed. in two words "IB i^l?"**). 

rratns, rraib^a f . ( Pr ob. tt . *&, C m P . -«• a. 

"O'a) (tte man-like) barren, wombless, incapable of con- 
ception. Keth.ll a (etymol. fromViX) 7115*1311 "*&aylonith 
means ram-like. Nid. V, 9 (47 b ) ; a. fr. 

O^Dlb'N, v. w$$. 

SpnD'lb'W, v. Kjrmw'M*. 

n&^Dij" 1 !^ pr. n. m. (prob. ueXs^rji; ^ass-smelter) 
Ilofisa. T Y'. Ter. I, 40 c top. 

O^b-I**, v. d^X. 

»£■«, wtytt, &rbs (rpbx) m . (■.*, ■.«*, 

v. l^i'cmp. ^bx Joel I, 8) mourning, lamentation, dirge. 
Targ. II Sam. L 17; II Chron. XXXV, 25; a. fr.— Y. Sot. 
VII, 21 c top; Meg. I, 71 b bot. X^X^ "to-* Syriac is 
adapted for dirges; Esth. E. to I, 22 tr^vb *©"iS (corr. 
ace). 

. *Dl^^TS, Dl^lS m. (^loO Am. Ex.E. s.15. 
[The words from 01X">"Y73d to Wilt* are a marginal gloss, 
prob. to be emended: lattJ nvi IX^iX W» dl-ttSD (3^X) 
'31 araajfil 'AXsSavSpot uto; 'HXi'oo (Alexander the 



1™. 

son of Helios) was his name, and the Sun is called a 
hero &c] 

■jtb^, v. > 

D^blSTb^, 'f b&t P r. n. pi. CHXiditoXi«) miio- 

polis, in lower Egypt. Pesik. Vayhi p. 63 b Ar. (ed. D">VlB); 
Pesik. B. s. 17 D"£lB l^X (corr. ace.) 

^Q"'^S ('blSl) (=•« i/, and Ktf-Wia^) prop. if 
to say, hence a dialectic term in debate, you do not 
mean to say, or shall Isay'i B. Mets. I2 b fiTra aiihtttt 'X 
shall I say (it means) when the debtor concedes (his 
indebtedness) ? Kid. 74 a '31 'X X"«nx what does it refer 

to? You cannot say it refers to Sabb. 150 b (some 

ed. 'bat,). Yoma 52 b ; a. v. fr. 

NCpyWl unless, but for; v. Xa-^X. 
. KH^KlI mute, r. X^x. 

T?bx v.'r^x. 

^b^SS Tosef. Kil.V, 26,ed.Zuck. y>X t6p, v.y>N Xbp. 
I^N, v. X^X. 

TV 1 *? (V?.?n, T!!^) com - pi- ( h - n ^> **) 

these,"those. Targ. Jud. XX, 'l7; a. e.— Y. Ber. V, 9 C top 
■paainal 'X those who translate; a. v. fr.— Y. Erub. Ill, 
20 d top TOiK "p^X insert ^Xa, what are those (name* 
mentioned) ? 

CVW, v. trt». 

•JTN;, Jjb^^ (ch. a. h.; cmp. yi^X) totter, tttfAer. 
Targ.' Y." Num. XXII, 4.— 'XI 1X3» QSQ) from now and 
further on, i. e. after that. Targ. Esth. II, 14. Ber. I, 2; 
a. fr.— Men. 28 b 'X "IHXI 'X TlX one in this, another in 
that direction. Erub. 55 b , [Diff. from. Tj^X.] V, "$VI. 

DTW pr. n. Elam. Y. Kid. IV, 65* top; v. t=W\ 

Db" 1 !^ mttfe, v. dfesj. 

«ab^ eh. same, v. xa^X. 

WOV>», v. x;a^x. 

"jb* 1 ^ m. (cmp. b. h. '|iVx oak, v. n^X) free. Shebi. I, 
1, a. e. 'Xfl rilttJ a field containing at least three trees 
within a distance of a S*ah (v. <1X&). lb. 3 plO 'X bearing 
no edible fruit, opp. ^3Xa 'X— Pes'. 112 a (prov.) nffipa dX 
'31 if you desire to be strangled, be hanged on a large 
tree, (if you must refer to an authority, select a good 
one).-PJ. rYte-'X, const. -O^X. Shebi. I, 2. Gen. E. s. 16 ; a. fr. 

"jb^, &Ob n N, 'bN ch. same. Targ. Gen. I, 11; 
a. fr.— Ab. Zar. 50 b ,V. -TO ch.— PI. "pi^X, X^.a^t;, 
X*3^X, i&i», 'bx. Targ. Gen. II, 5; a. fr.— Lev. E. s. 12 
'31 ■pi-iprva (insert "iimi**) 'X fruits are named after the 



trees. B. Bath. 16 b ; a.fr. — Lev.B.s. 5 MIDI '», v. fcOiinaK. 
— ['X s6p, 'K &6n, v. s. s6p t a. j6pi respectively.] 

ob^, v. wfc*. 
pWK, v.^#<.' . 

&©TSS!I, ^S55< f. {qbs, epi; Assyr. elippu) sfe>, 
ra/1 T Targ. Jon. I,V; a. e.— Lev. B. s. 12, beg. '& Stina 
like the ship tossed about on high sea. Koh. B. to 
III, 2 (prov.) at the time thou tiest thy Lulab (for 
the Feast of Booths) ~\Skn IBp tie thy ship (cease navi- 
gation). Ab. Zar. 10 b '31 1&6 ff? ill woe to the ship which 
leades without having paid its toll (of a convert who 
died before circumcision). — Tmsf. the body of a chicken 
(chest-bone resembling a ship). Lam. B. to I, 1 rra&3 
(VOI) '=1 "W T>"jn I took for myself this ship (of the 
chicken), for in a ship I came &c. — PI. KJsVw. Targ. Ps. 
CIV, 26; a. e. 

.^ST'Nill pr. n. m. Bfa, an Amora. Taan. 21 a ; a. 
fr. [In! Talm. Y. iisWi]. B. Hash. 17 b 'X V'KI ibVw 
Ilfay or, some say, Ufa (v. Babb. D. S. a. 1.) 

"©bflN, v. preced. 

DBbn«, Hj^K, ^j?b^, v. '^. 

nb^II, T\T% pr. n. pi. (not WW. nVw) 4yetett, 
one day's journey south of Jerusalem. Maas. Sh. V, 2 ; 
Bets. 5 a rf>5> ed. (Ms. M. nl^K); B. Hash. 31 b nW« ed. 
(Ms. M. rfj"*?; Ms. L. ribs corr. into ""S; Ms. 2 rto; v. 
Babb. D. S. a. 1. note). [Bets. a. B. Hash. 1. c. read )U 
dITin for -jlSsn ya a. vice versa.] Cmp. S*K. 

• 87^8, fc^bm «Ffr$ f. (h. rftj® hind, roe. 
Targ. T Jer. Xivl 5; a. e. Ca'nt.B. to 11;' 9; a. e— '» 
fcOrmn (v. hV«) morning dawn. Y. Ber. I, 2 e ; a. e.— 
PZ. Stffc^K, ■«n«^». Targ. Ps. XXIX, 9; a. e. 

D^ (y^.ti,™) to feel aversion, fright. Denomin. 



Pi. D^X (denom. of finis; with Vs>) to impress with, 
awe, forewarn (witnesses)! B. Hash. 20 a diisn bs> }W*xa 
we may try to intimidate &c. Toma 4 b Y^S B^K^ to im- 
press him. Sot. I, 4; a. e. 

NEPfctl .<!«*<#, v. na^H. 

«7f Nil, NHS;, fiB^ f. ch. (=h. ds) i) motor, 
frequ. T «*y mother; V &g5. Targ. Gen. IH, 20; a. fr.— 
Ber. 18 b 's6 nls Ka">S tell my mother; a. fr.— h^pT 'S 
grandmother. Meg. 27 b — 2) trnsf. the flesh of a stone 
fruit. Sabb. 143 a yis^ nax f>m may be handled on ac- 
count of the flesh (with which they were surrounded when 
Sabbath cause).— PL XhftB^S,. KttiaS. Targ. Jer. XVI, 3 ^ 
esp. the arch-mothers of the Israel, nation. Targ. T. 
Ex. XVII, 9 ; a. e.— Kid. 82 a ip1Si*i 'K the mothers of school 
children, [V. also HaiS!!.] 



N^N III pr. n. f. [or title; cmp. X3K]. Imma. Y. 
Git. I* 43 c ; Shebi VI, 36 c top dibit) '« Imma (Mother) 
Shalom. 



Jl^SSlII f. (das, |/"DX to gather; cmp. rials a. dasi 
in GeslH! Diet.) dista/f. Kel. XI, 6 (Ar. sais, Var .SE^S). 

HEPi* f. (b. h.; d?S) /ear, awe. Num. B. s. 9; Y. 
Sot. I, T beg. 16 b fias bit) in -jin-a sbs (read fia^S) but 
from a solemn conversation (v., however, Maim. Sotah 

IV, 18 a. comment.). B. Hash. 17 a ; a. fr— PZ. tliais. 
Sabb. 77 b p 'S IttaH there are five sorts of fear. [Tanh. 

Tsav 2 firnia na^s (ma 1 *), v. bws.] - - 

inff», v. •%**. 

D^lblDX v. tibials. ' 

D'lKTN, v. dias. [Tosef. Kid. IV, 8 biaiSS read 
oiaiaa.] " 

DIDID^ Koh. B. to VH, 11, v. D1SMS., 

D1ETItf Sabb. 141 b , v. DIBS. 

OIKPNl m. (eontr. of blsas=blSia; bsa) disfigur- 
ation. nvviB 'S owe disfigured by burns. Cant. B. to VH, 9 
'ID 'X rill»51 and he (Nebucadn.) became &c. [Tanh. Tsav. 2 
(ed. Buber 3) Y&S t)T|iia naiN hlBSSI and the fright (repul- 
siveness) of a burned face was put upon him. Midr. 
Till, to Ps. XXII bTmax, read bil>iSaN, sjxirupoi;, fire- 
scathed.] 

llffN,- v. ™. ■' 

UTW&j ^jm, fWSl Bi.pl. (nas, v. 
Ges. H. Diet.' s. v.; cmp. Deut. XXVI, 17 sq.) devoted 
objects, sacrifices. Succ. 55 b '31 abiftft *yim (Mish. ib." 
'a^S;) are not the festive Emurim (v. infra) the Lord's, ' 
i. e. to be offered on the altar? Answ. d^SIS llaXUJ na 
Emure &c. means, whatever is consecrated as offering 
for festivals.— Esp. Emurim, Emurin, those portions of 
sacrifices offered on the altar. Pes.71 a '31 m^n.^ai^ the 
Emurim of the pilgrim's feast offering. Zeb. H, 2; a. fr. . 

Dniffw, yrwy% 'iza^n m. P i.ow, w) 

exchange (cmp. ^S^R as to pi.). 'S ^DS hostages in place 
of their parents. Lam. B. to. HI, 1 3 ed. (Ar. t^m< q. v.). 

V. also X^las. 

1^10^., v. preced. ws. 

yOSPlS m . pi. (='anis, play on napa and sncjiax) 
those who go to bed with the setting in of darkness (a 
witty expression made up in oppos. to 'pllT'lD, v. irWJ). 
Ex. B. s. 47 'SI H11H I'lai learn the teachings of those 
who rested well by night (as better fitted to teach). 



*"]1"l'E3]3p' l a" , X, '"IN Koh. E. to II, 17, prob. a. cor- 
ruption of-5napa a malicious informer. 

*#TT ! H*<& f. tf)|iip«) day. Y. Ab. Zar. I, 39° top, they 
lament over it "W iJ^a, [AeXatva ^[Jtipa, oh, the. black 
(luckless) day! V. Macrob. Sat. I, 15 dies atri. 

T\rT2'bt m. (i][iepov, neut. or accus.) tame, soft, 
gentle (opp. Ti«"^5S q.v.). Gen. E. s. 77 end fl-PaS (cor'r. 
ace). Num. R.s.il; Pesik. Hahod. p.44 b -jisa "W; Pesik. 
B. s. 15 TrWK; Cant. B. to III, 7 TO^K (corr.acc). Midr. 
Sam. ch. XVII (for yp'lSX read ll*™" 1 ^ for yrtvm read 
■p^nSX). 

fcOQ'W m. (=h. b^Sa ; contr. of xiyaix ■ cmp. xrtia) 
cJoafc. T A ybQi$. Targ. Ez. XXVII, 24. 

fcOS" 1 ^ m. (v. -i«) daytime. Y. Ber. Ill, 6 d top; 
a. e. W. Ab. Zar. I, 39 c top "pX 'X the day growing 
longer. 

"P" 1 ^ Tosef. Kel. B. Bath. II, 6 read eta^S}. 

y&til, v. las. 



^neurit, r ea a -ww 

WN, v. *5a. 



y. Diniaixii a. xi;>naix. 



"IQ" 1 ^ m. ch. (=h. lax) speech, utterance. Targ. Num. 
XXIV, 3; a. e.— PZ. X^X. Targ. Prov. IV, 5 Ms. (ed. 
■no*?); a. e. 

Iff®, ™% WnO^ (WD^) to reimrf, 
v. "na ch. 

ten*, VW&, ten, ioa» (rnHT«) m . 

(nax, "|/dx, v. oast; cmp. xnaS, xnalh, las) 'l) [thick, 
heavy,] lamb. Targ. Gen. XXX, 32; a. fr.— Ned. I, 3 'this 
be as forbidden to me xna^XS (Y. ib. I, end, 37 a nna^XS) 
as the lamb'— xn^an na-<X3 that means, 'as the lamb of the 
daily offering'. Lam. B. introd. (B. Josh. 2) 'ax tm film 
'31 who slaughters a lamb and augurs from its liver. 
Brub. 53 b (deriding the Galilean dialect) a Galilean cried 
'31 IStfob naX who wants amar? (indistinctly pronoun- 
cing the vowels, as well as the guttural sound of X), 

when they said to him , VrtBab nan IX Saniab nan 

nx&snixb na^x ix aisVvijb nas> (for var. lect., v. Babb. 
D. S. a. 1. note 10) do you mean hdmar (an ass) to ride 
on, or hamar (wine) to drink, or amar (wool) for 
putting on, or immar (lamb) for slaughtering?; a. fr.— 
PI. ■pnB'W, X^nXPX, n-wnais, 'BX. Ezra Vn, 9 ; a. e.— Targ. 
Ex. XXIX, 38; XII, T 5;' a. e.— Y. Snh. I, 18 d top" "iX 
fSVi the lambs (of the spring) are yet tender (in a letter 
announcing the intercalation of a month); Bab. ib. ll b 
fpns 'X (not "nsj v. Tosef. ib. II, 6); a. e.— Eem. XFina^X 
ewe. Targ. Lev. V, 6; a. e.— Hull. 51*. Gen. B.'s! 44 
end, the sow (Bome) pastures with twenty (young ones), 
nna xbl 'XI and the ewe (Sarah) not even with one.— 



»w« 



2) (cmp. xnain) knot, bandage on wounds. Snh. 98* 
'31 "ix in&X'Pnia IhVD Ar. (in ed. a. Ms. our w. omitted) 
all of them untie their bandage? all at once and tie them 
up all at once, buthe attends to one at a time.— 3) fringe, 
border. Targ. Ps. CXXXHI, 2. Targ. Y. Ex. XXVI, 4 
(Var. xna^X). V. next w.— 4)* pr. n. pi. 'X IBS K'far 
Imra (Lamb-ville). Y. Taan. IV, 69* bot.; (Lam. E. to 
II, 2 xnas). 

(TTEPN (NTEPfct) h. f. (v. preced.) 1) fringe, bor- 
der, skirt; trnsf. the bordered garment, (toga prsetexta), 
state garment. Taan. ll b ; Ab. Zar. 34* IS fWB p}> pl^n 
xna^X a white plain frock without border (without Of- 
ficial distinction; cmp. toga pura). Y. Kil. IX, 32* top; 
Tosef. ib. V, 19 na&niSa(n) 'X a conspicuous border gar- 
ment. Y. Kid. IV, beg. 65 b (play on n»X Ezra II, 59) 
'31 la&n^S they made themselves as conspicuous as the 
border on the frock. Sabb. 105*; Tosef. ib. XII (XIII), 1. 
— Y. Yoma I,38 d top; Y.Meg. I, 72* bot. iplfcn nnjpK the 
skirt of my frock; a.fr.— [Lam.B. to 11,17 explain, irnax 
ib., xni&nis, v. sn.] PI. (of ninaix) rTr»n»ix. Neg. xi, 
10. Y. M. Kat. I, 80 d bot.; v. SI J.— 2) trnsf. object of 
distinction, decoration (play on nn^axll); cmp. ns'tjrl:- 
Mekh. B'shall., Shirah, s. 3 (ref. to -naxVl Deut.XXVI, 17) 
'31 iJXfflS* He made me (His) decoration (chosen people) &c. ; 
Yalk. Ex. 244 nniax. 

*K^HEPN m. (ma, v. next w.) rebellion. Lam. B. 
to III, T 13 '(rendering inBIBX "M ibid, 'the children of 
those thrown down' (into the dung, conquered), Bab ex- 
plains 'the children of his destruction' (v. X3 h SlX), "*» 
n^na^X the children of rebellion against him. (Editions 
vary,' n^naix, Kiin .. ., wniax &c, v. smwKil). [Esth. 
B. to I, l b , independently interpreted, v. XB^BIX a. 

x;niax.] 

WlO" 1 !^ m. (=h. yina; y.naix a. preced.) rebellion. 
'X iJS ^rebels' E. Hash. 18* (translating frm 133 Mish.) 
(all creatures pass before the Lord for receiving their 
decrees) 'X iJSS like rebels (after surrender brought be- 
fore a court martial; cmp. Midr. Till, to Ps.XVII, 1, s.v. 
fbSlSX, a.Y. B. Hash. I, 57 b ). [Bashi XJnaX=Syr. X3inax 
'like young lambs passing singly to be marked for tithes'.] 

fcffHEflS 1) ewe, v. na-ix.— 2) pr. n. f. Immarta. 
Snh. 52 b Im. daughter of Tali (prob. pseudonyms). 

nZT&jS, " l £])Q" ! !St (b. h. va ; v. ix) when? Hull. 17*.— 
Ber. I, 1, a. fr. inaixa from what time (of the day)? 
Shebi. I, 1, a. fr. iha^X nS; ib. H, 1 na^X n» how long 
(until when)? 

riETJHt ch. 1) whenever, when. Targ. Y. Lev. XXHI, 
42; a7e." Y. B. Kam. Ill, 3 d top '31 T^Tian ">X when 
they quote the Mishnah in support of &c. Ab. Zar. 53 b to 
rb XS^SSn "iX whenever I desire it. Nid. 66*. — 2) also 
inaix (ipiaix)w>AeM? Targ. Job. VII, 4. — '&6 for what time? 
until what time? Targ. O. Ex. VIII, 5; a. e. 

fctDCPIS! ch.=h. naiX. Targ. O. Ex. XV, 16; a. e.— 
B. Kam. 28*; a. e. 



fiJWtops 



TON, mi, y. naix, naix.. 

"jnq^., fcOna^ 'D'N m. (denom. of xnaix) " 
1) fear ■ inspiring , powerful. Targ. Jud. in, 30. — Pi. 
"pJrlaiK, WaiX, 'ai*. Targ. Hat. I, 7. Targ. Gen. XIV, 
5 (Y.II, KWBS, h* text B^S)'.— 2) timid. Y.Meg.III,74 a 
bot. '31 inaiX mn X"iBD (ed. Krot. "paix, corr. aco.) the 
school-master -was a timid man and but for E. Abbahu 
that passed by, he would not have eleared the children 
out of the premises of the Synagogue. [Hebr. form, v. in»X.] 

"Tltf, Pi. f*X (=f*y, v. next w.) to look upon, in- 
vestigate.. B. Bath. 115 a (play on fX) rb$ yjs Ar. (ed. 
T*J?) investigate his family relations. Kid. 4". 

y}Ql m. (/iX; cmp.fX, f») [b. h. naught], some- 
thing rounded, decorative. Kob.B. to III, 12 expl. as lis, 
ref. to the shape of the human buttock, v. 'pB' , BN. 

I^SlI, "pfc< (b. h. IX; Nun emphat; cmp. )») where? 
(only with pref. a or b). "i6 whither? 'xa whence''. Y. 
Snh. X, 28* bot; Y. Hag. II,' 77 a bot. 'xbl 'Xa whence 
and whither?— Aboth III, 1. Gen. B. s. 2 ff&nh 'Xa 
whence art thou coming? i. e. where hast thou been 
staying?— Y. Snh. X, 28 b top llatt 'X» "ft iTTl he had 
(a precedent) to learn from. — Contr. of ■ji^'ja: fVq, v. fz. 

I^fcjt (b. h. ; constr. of fx\) nothing, not. Ber. 5 a 
'31 xVx E)W "pa w/" (flight, Job V, 7) means nothing else 
but &c. ; a. v. fr — isix, ?]3iX »o< I&c. SHli i?ix I do not 
know; do I not know? B. Mets. 97 b ; a. fr. Ber. 1. c. but 
the Holy One ... "p isiX is not so; a. fr.—yil isix is it 
not a legitimate conclusion ?, whence so much the more. 
Y. Naz.VI, 55 a ; a. v. fr.— . . piSa . . X*>X ii fx from this 
I could only prove . . . ., whence, however, will you 
deduct . . .? Hull. 65 b ; a. fr. [Y. Git. IX, end, 50 d 'iBX 
ISiX ana read "Bans.] 

"]" I SI or l" 1 ^ (Syr.=^rt, in) yes, twdcerf. . Keth. 65 a 
'31. 'X kniOrt now,— yes, but not before. B. Mets. 98 a Xin 
'31 f|i5>3 'X as regards the one (cow)— well, she died &c. ; 
a. fr.— i?iX=in PS *s it rea% so? indeed?, i. e. it cannot 

be. Hull. 96 b laxm 'X it cannot be so; for did not B 

say &c? M. Kat. 20 a ; a. v. fr. 

"pfctll. ^ (h. &X) 1) t/", wAett«\ Targ. Ps. VII, 4; 
a. e. [Apocopated: IX q. v.]— lain "pX (h. "laxn dX) if 
thou wilt say (argue). Y. Mace. II, 31 d bot. ; a.fr.— 1513 px 
(h. mm 13 bx) if this is (be) the case. Y. Naz. VI, 54* 
bot. — Lam. B. introd. end '31 3W nx ^X if thou remain- 
est here, or &c. Koh. E. to X, 5 '31 nnSS nnx ")« if 
the (my dying) time comes first, what of it? and if &c. 
— 2) adv. of interrogation, introducing the alternative, 
or. Targ. Job VI, 6; a; e. 

W" 1 ^' c. (cmp. ' IhSiSJ), followed by "1, he who. Targ. 
Prov^XI, 26; a. e. (aiso XSX ed.). 

j"!S m. (=b. h. 3S5> q. v.) berry, an excrescence on 
the e]/e. Tosef. Bekh. IV, 2. [Mish. ib. VI, 2 35i». Talm. 
ed. 38 ab 3SJ> (corr. ace.).] 



HSP&, v. xasx. 

*133*^ ("WJ) prolong! go further! Git. 58 a X 
'si xn&lB go one page and a half further, (and you will 
find it). [Eashi: a Z#«e=nsS-iX, v. IXIII.] 

yniJirx, v. -p w ' 

-!^"n ,T TlD" , SS! m.=next w.—Pl. with suffix of third pers. 
sing, irnsi&i. Targ. Ps. CIV, 3 Ms. (ed. 1T-H63X). [The 
verse is variously corrupted and defective.] 

»n^, v. f-ww. 
■paTTO v. ow*™*. 

"D^ltf Y. Git. IX, end, 50 d 'X ana 'iBX, read isans, v. 
Bab. ib. 87 b . 

. "p^l^Nl (Vbffi3" , N, y i3^) m. (olvi^Xi) wine 
mixed with honey. Sabb. XX, 2 (139 b ) i» Ar. (ed. '3X, 
var. in Mss. pViaSn, lasi, v. Eabb. D. S. a. 1. note 20). 
Ab. Zar. 30 a defined as a mixture of wine, honey and 
pepper. Ter. XI, 1 pbaisn Ar. (ed. d^alSH; Ms. M. 'BX, 
read 15i«). Y. Sabb. XIV, 14° top pbiaisn. 

"jl^N, ^^pi. finix,inix. 

JSn^OI^^JS, Gen. E. s. 29 'X XJisn "1, a corruption 
of insist or XH513X, dialect.=X5i3n ; cmp. Frankel M'bo 
p. 64 b 11OID p 'X with p. 88 a iiDib 13 "n. [Our w. omitted 
in Yalk. Gen. 47, Job 908.] 

*&?in3^ISl f. (n5X) sigh, grief. Targ. II Esth. Ill, 3. 

V. xnnsx'. 

IT^SE^, 'T^ Tosef. Kil. V, 25, read with 
ed. Zuck. niS^BpiX. 

"O" 1 ^ 1)=i?X f», v. f».— 2) in 1iX, v. f»l. 

"j CS pr. n. m. Ini, an Amora; cmp. iJiiSiX. Cant. E. 
to VIII, 11. [Koh. E. to IX, 10 laix.] 

JOT!*, v. xasx. 

^' 1 ^' 1 ^ ! P r - "• hi- (cmp. i?iX) Inya. Y. Git. I, 43 d 
(Y. B. T Bath. 16 c nun). V. next w. 

'tflJD'W, W (N^3ir») pr. n. m. Inyani, 
an Amora.' Y. Yoma 111,40^;' a.' e." Y. [Maas. Sh. IV, 55 a 
bot. XiiSiX, seems to be a different person, v. preced. w. 
a. Frankel M'bo p. 64 b ] V. xniiljix. 

]V% v. VON* 

^•^Nl, v. ffisix. : 

5ji" , N 1) those, v. mix.— 2) onyx, v. ^SX. 

T&'H^CD^, llTBCD^ m. (acontractionof IXatov 
(xu^ivov ; cmp.' IIISUX as to S for b) unguent scented 



■ws 



with Arabian myrtle. Cant. E. to IV, 14. [Muss. olvo<; 
[xupi'vYji; but the context requires an unguent.] 



^■to:' 



w, 



"^BSX. 



^J^5" , ^f m. (pDi) suckling (infant or animal); omp. 
Xj53\ T Targ. II Esth. I, 2 X3hl "H 'X a suckling (kid?) 
of gold (lying, on the third step, opposite X1a3 [not X11D3] 
the panther; ref.to Is. XI, 6). PI. -ppjK (pp?!*). lb. (end) 
■pSD, 'X the isucklings were crying. 

&oipo' i x, &riip3&t m - (^p 5 ) a hird with traces 

of bites or wounds on Us legs; [black bird with white 
spots on its head, quot. in Bashi; to he read illpJiX?]. 
— PI. I'nipSi!*, 'JX. Hull. 57 a . 

^obpra, v. m^m. 

pyx, attfra (dra, atfys), i^m 

ttJDSK m. (UJJX, sec. r. of 12J1X; h. ttiisst, tt^X) 6et»^, esp. 
human being Dan. II, 10, a. fr. IBS!*.— lb. VII, 13 'X IS 
son of man (in Talm. freq. 1153 13). Targ. 0. Lev. XIII, 
2; a. fr— Y. Snh. VIII, 25 a hot., a. fr.-lol "W as if one 
says. Y. Ber. VIII, 12 a hot. S31 XlTJX a great man. 
Shebu. 22!>; a. fr.— PI. p1B>X, const. "WX. Targ. 0. Gen. 
VI,4; a. e.— p2J>X, ^». Targ.Y.ibid.;'a. e— In Talm. 
mostly i\D>X people. B. Kam. 92 b 'X ilax (text pi, 
corr. ace.).' Snh. 95 b 'X ilaxl IS^n (abbr. X"X1"fi) this 
is what people say, it is a common saying (proverb). 
Ibid. 10J a ; a. v. fr.— Git. 45 a 'pttjS'W (our people?). 

bTlD^P^N, VOX pr. n. m. prob. a corrupt, for 
bilafiBSX Antipater. Targ. II, Esth. Ill, 1. 

"O^SSl, "OSS a prefix for the formation of (verbal) 
nouns (Ispeel nouns), affecting the first radical in the 
same way as the prefix of the Hitbpa. or Ithpe. ; e. g. 
from "TO, fiWJ&X (pi.) rims; from 1l6=m» to walk, 
stride, XllWpix ankle, &c. Before dentals S^X and 6X 
interchange with "Six and "XX. [Words not found under 
"b^X must be looked for under -&X and vice versa.] 

*D 1 Sl (DiS) m. (Mi) son. Ex. E. s. 15, v. 6ix^X. 

JtfD^Nl pr. n. m. Isa, an Amora, disciple" of E. Yoha- 
nan. Y. Ter. I, 40« top. V. ~"W*. 

TTTaMW TntawcN, v. r™»»*. 

Stf*]©' 1 !^ m. PI. W (v. X16, 8116) head-side, pillow. 
Targ. T Q T en.' XXVIII, 11; a. e.— Ber. 56 a ll&iXX by our 
head-side.— [lb. tfiie ^a pillow.] 

lOiH f.=wx. 

SHl'©^, S11DS, pi. *?*«* m.=8li6\ Targ. 0. 
Num. V, 17 ed. Berl. 

*so^bisi©^ (anabDoa) t. (1^0x^(00 

civic ri^Ais granted to strangers, isopolity (v. Sm. Ant. 
s. v. Civitas). Pesik. E. s. 15 DCli i& pixa hllll miSS 

Droits 'x [is] iV^sx -tun nixa saix arm issi Ar. s.' v. 



X^BbSII (ed. dibBB&iX, b^B66i», corr. ace.) 'slavery 
and stranger's condition' (indicated Gen. XV, 13) were in 
a land not theirs (in Egypt), but, 'and they shall afflict 
them four hundred years' refers even to their isopolity 
(in Canaan, from the birth of Isaac); Cant. E, to II, 17 

n^BBDixn (corr. as above.). Gen. E. s. 44 ; Yalk. 

Gen. 77 X^BS&xb (corr. as above.). Pesik. Hahod. 

p. 47 b note 96. 

""fi© 1 !!* m. (1&X) 1) imprisonment. Ber. 28 b ilWX p X 
&ViS 'X the imprisonment which he decrees is not ever- 
lasting (as he may die and his successor may relieve 
me). 2)*(=1">&»), pi. pllb^X prisoners. Ex. E. s. 30 
he burst the prison open "t&Wl S^Sim (ib. also p16"Wl) 
and set the prisoners free [prob. to be read pl^&X]. 

"©IS I pr. n. m. Issur ; 1) a proselyte. Ab. Zar. 
70 a . B. Bath. 149 a .— 2) an expert on coins. B. Kara. 
99 b hot. 

IIS^NlII, "ll©!^ m. (1&X; cmp.b. h. 116X, a. WS) 
1) band, chain; trnsf. social circle. Succ. 45 b (ref. to Ps. 
CXVIII, 27) '=1 arte 'X in»Wi Va he who creates a circle 
for the festival with eating and drinking, i. e. social pleas- 
ures. [Oth. explan. : he who makes an addition to the num- 
ber of festive days; — hence the popular name of SH 11&X 
for the day following the festivals.] — 2) prohibition, in- 
terdict; also the forbidden object. Y. Ber. 1, 3 b bot. Sinn -vol 
'31 'X IMS ID -1 the Biblical law contains prohibitions and 
permissions. — STT© 'X an obstacle to marriage by the 
existing laws of incest, e. g. a man prevented from per- 
forming a levirate marriage because his late brother's 
wife is his own wife's sister; &c. — ITiSa/K a marriage 
(or sexual connection) 'permitted in the Torah but for- 
bidden by Rabbinical enactment ;— so called because 
obedience to the Eabbis is a meritorious act (mso); 
IfflDllp 'X marriage restrictions incumbent on priests on 
account of their sacred office; (another opinion inverts 
the last two definitions). Yeb. II, 3 (20 a ).— 'X bs bn 'X pX 
one prohibition can take no legal hold where another pro- 
hibition already exists; i. e. you can punish, or impose 
sacrificial expiation, only for the first one ; e. g. if you 
eat the meat of an unclean animal which, besides, has 
not been slaughtered according to ritual (nVnJ). Ib. 13 b ; 
a. fr. — Exceptions to this principle (adopted by most 
authorities) are when the acceding act is: 1) Vbi3 'X a 
more comprehensive prohibition, i. e. having a wider 
range of prohibited objects; e. g. the law imposing ab- 
stinence from food on the Day of Atonement includes 
food in general, i. e. food otherwise allowed as well as 
food forbidden at all times; Sp&ia 'X a more extensive 
prohibition, i. e. having a wider range of persons con- 
cerned; e. g. the sister of A's wife is forbidden to him 
(1M15X niriX) but not to his brothers. If, afterwards, his 
brother B. marries that sister of A.'s wife, she is for- 
bidden in marriage (after B.'s death) to all the brothers 
as a brother's wife, and to A. both as his own living 
wife's sister and as his late brother's wife (HX nfflX);— 
3) Mix na 'X a coincidental prohibition, i. e. two pro- 
hibitions taking effect at the same moment, e. g. the Day 



S1*©18 



ntsiitse^ 



of Atonement coinciding with the Sabbath day, in 
■which case the restrictions connected with each take 
effect at the same time (night-fall); 4) 1-a'n '« a heavier 
prohibition, i. e. a prohibition imposing larger restric- 
tions, e. g. the law prohibiting any profitable use of a 
thing (iiiOin 'X), compared to the lighter prohibition, 
bp '!*, not to eat or drink a thing (v. infra). Yeb. 32 b sq ; 
Shebu. 24 ab ; Hull. 101 a sq; Kerith. 14 b .— rilin 'X a Bib- 
lical prohibitory law; pail 's a Rabbinical prohibitory 
enactment— Ai£> '« a prohibition expressed in the Late 
by a plain (&&) 'thou shalt not', without defining the 
penalty, in which case the latter consists of thirty nine 
lashes (v.nipba).— Hia's a prohibition to which the Bible 
attaches the penalty of excision (by the hand of God).— 'i* 
fflrpa a prohibition the transgression of which the Bible 
punishes with death (execution). — iib-ax'x the law not to 
eat (meat boiled with milk) ; HM-i 'X not to make any use 
(of it, as selling &c.) ; llfflTJ 'X not to boil (meat with milk). 
Hull. 115 b ; a. fr — hlM 'vs., v. Siaa.— PI. -,*>1K>-!$. Hull. 98 a 
sq. d^lBlBa CpfeB*i) ITllhSlB '» hi all things Biblically for- 
bidden are neutralized if mixed with a quantity sixty 
times as large; ib. -ixaa — in a quantity one hundred 
times as large; a. fr. 

vrpmt, arwai, som sntoK <*.. d as 

thepreced. i),band. Targ. EzekJII, 25.— A'-lfe*!*. Targ. 
ib. XVI, 4 (bandages).— 2) as thepreced. 2). Hull. 9 1 - ; a. f r.— 
B. Bath. 92 b vb Xilaaa 'X3 sail ma p-btX -a we follow 
the majority principle (that a doubtful thing is presumed 
to have the legal status of the majority of its class) only 
in ritual questions, but not in civil law. — 'X las to 
commit a crime, euphem. for prostitution, &c. Ab. Zar. 

i8 a . Git. 38 a . — PI. ii's-it, -i^bx. Sabb. 6o b 'x -iia ittiaa 

a Babylonian permitter of forbidden things (R. Hiya). 
— Nid. 24 b , a. fr. 'na ana xnsVh Bab is the adopted 
authority in ritual law. [Kid. 12 a -11D*-St bit &c. read 

"■IB*!* ; v. 1B*N.] 

fcTfiO"'^ II m. (IS*) chastisement. PI. --Wi*.- Targ. 
Koh. Ill, 10. Targ. Jer. XXX, 11 (Var. l^W). 

^"flO^N, pi. stn-**»-8j;, v. :*h"»i!i&x. 

"D&^SSl, v. -b-S. For words under -Bb^N not found 
here below, v. "BbX, -BS*4t, -BXS. 

&qt?0^, SlWS,-tN, '^K, 'X8 [aison-, 

a. with One 1] m. (Isp'e.'noun of ab, 3Sb=h.' a^apiX q. v., 

b. h. aba; v. "b^K) a surrounding, attachment, whence 
1) balcony, colonnade, portico (also an independent colon- 
nade), esp. 'itii the Itst'ba (Ist'ba) the Temple portico. 
Pes. I, 5 (ll b j /2\sn SJ to Ms. M. (Bab. ed. incorr. 31, 
Var. SllBbX, v. Rabb. D. S. a. 1. note). Ib. 13 b one 
recited 35 bs on top (inside) . . . ., say 'Xil M bs on the 
roof of the Its. (so as to expose it to public view). Y. 
Sabb. I, 2 d bot. '31 !*l"Bp*«; Bab. 7 a d-lfaSh "3&VttJ 'S-|* 
a balcony in front of the columns (projecting into the 
street, used as a stand, for dealers, v. aipsix). Ib. Kp^l 
!-pffli»U)n UtTTi &6l 'X'Ms. M. (ed. &6l Klri '&0 only the 
colonnade the use of which for passers by is not con- 



venient. Num.B. s. 12 two columns of silver which were 
placed in front of the Ark *rvtBb"K j*aa (Cant. B. to 
I, 11 'pI'lBB*-!* pi.) forming a kind of balcony; Y. Sot. 
VIII, 22 c '&6 B3n allow the surplus of three handbreadths 
(over the space occupied by the Tablets) for the balco- 
ny.— Yoma 49" rnlBDK !"lfflS>a 11351 Ar. (ed. ^PM) they 
(the laymen) served only the purpose of a portico (hold- 
ing the bowls up to view, v. Pes. I, 5, but not handing 
them to the altar).— Y. Succ.V,55 a bot., v. h Jjfc**l.— 2) (cmp. 
3b*i, na^bii) something to recline on; couch, seat. Kid. 
70 a , (to one using the high-toned XB*S1p q. v.) '» 
»853*K i*lOI*1 call it itst'ba as the people do— M. Kat. 
10 b 'X liaab Ar. a. ed. (Var. as Yoma 1. c.) to build a 
temporary banqueting place for guests during the festive 
week, cmp. Xpaiiax, (Rashi: stone building, Ms. Bashi 
SbS).— PI. nistias'*!* (h. form). Ex. B. s. 31 (basilicas).— 
"■apS*** (Chald.' form). Pes. 65 b 'NX "5ba1 they (the 
priests) walked alongside the walls on balconies (pro- 
jecting boards made for them that they should not tread 
on the blood); Y. ib. V, 32= bot. rvi-JB&a. V. niBpa." 

*iTb" l bj!I3&' 1 ^ f. (Ispe.'of bbx>, r. bib; cmp. bibsb 
a. b. h. biaijs) cluster, a crowded.band. Ber. 51« bllJ '» 
'31 B*S&£>a Ms. Beth Nath. (Ar. mji^PibN, ed. n*3S>fflb"-X. 
transpose 6in&*«, Ms. M. hisrifcr**-!* ' read h^Vfib*K fr. 
brf=n; v. Rabb. D. S. a. 1.) a cluster of angels of de- 
struction. 

waimwitf, v. xBaisiiapx. 
.s^ap^s, rntspXto., v. t*-*« a. x-iBbx. 

1'HI2D' 1 H v. i-IBS^ a. 'P1B&8. 

N-npp *k, v. «rm% 

"ItTCp 1 !* P r - "• f - ( r - 1iiB=-iln) Malar (beauty). 
Yalk. Gen. 44 (a legendary personage). 

a'nBD'wi, rnwa, v.wbp^. 

N'HlSp'^II, 'OK (m.?) (Isp. noun of -IS; cmp. b. 
h. Mb, hlpa) cover, blanket, (coarse) cloak. Y. Maas. Sh. 
IV, 55 b li'pia— n-a n-st sias Kinm 'x (ed. Krot. sa . . . 

"Slpa . . . rents) this man's (thy) blanket has twelve 
patches (Lam. B. to I, 1 »KrVD in, 1 has SWIla). 

rrntao/w v. supra. 

K!l^T2p n K m. (v. xaBb"!*) a balcony (h. -fiSS, las). 
Targ. T IIKings'xi,14; IlChron. XXXIV, 31, a.e.rTTK... 
the balcony (of his pilace). 

n^llQp^, 'TX, 'ON, ^K (v. vat&VCiasyrtem 
of colonnades, colonnade with double rows, basilica (v. 
Sm. Ant. s. v. Basilica). Pes. 13 b nx*ip] ilh-n '» (the 
itst'ba of the Temple being of double rows) was called 
ist'vanith, v. TObX, 1-Bb. Ohol. XVIII, 9 (ed.-Ti-O '." . . 
pi.). Tosef. Sabb. I, 4 ; a.' fr.— PI. ni-SIJBbiX. Ohol. 1. c.,- 
v. supra.— Tanh. Mishp. 14 (ed. Bub. '6 "liBIBbiX corr. 
ace). Tosef. Oh. XVIII, 12 rYiJIBb"!* (prob. incorr.). 



KT'"1BD'« 



■ fcrrnatfN, v. w-tj. 
ta'nab'N, v. b» oh. 

H\yW», v. m;iiaoiK. 
Sta'ftTOD^, v. ^bk. 

Harper's Lat. Diet. 1882 s. v. Statio II, B, 4) seat of 
the fiscal officers in the Soman provinces, also the staff 
of officers. Gen. B. s. 66 (play on Shulamith Cant. VII, 1) 
the people of Israel '31 dblS ittJ iiiiBBpiX naittlaB that 
preserves the (divine) government of the world com- 
plete (filling the vacancies) both in this world &c. Cant. 
B. to 1. c. irflVBiaON*, read 'p-iiiiBBpi:* (stationarii) the 
number of officers (of the divine government). Cmp. 
pins. V. isiipap. 

■jn:TDi2&^, v. itwBB^. 

rPEH&TS, v. msBtjtj. 

*n" l D1i3ia&' l Nl f. (Ispa. of ,00) querulous.— PL 
hi*?BBpi«. ~Gen.' B. s. 45. [Deut. B. s. 6 n^STOBb^, 
niiiDBpi!*; Ar. rmxipiBp, denom. of dip, KIOTO, scratch- 
ing like a bird; v. Gen. B. 1. c. quot. s. v. Dan, a. Hull. 

62 a s. v. mwap.] v.. rnaox. 

D^D^Nl, 'OSS m. (Isp. n. of 50 in 330; cmp. b. h. 
apa, SOla) an extension around the house (gen. with a 
stone bench) used as workshop or dealer's shop, portico, 
colonnade (cmp. XSiBpa). Y. B. Bath. II, beg. 13 b top, 
B. — drove a pastry dealer 'JtV 'Xa from portico to portico 
(it being private ground). lb. Ill, end, 14 b a window 
'31 '&6 fininB Xirtffl opening towards a porch is made 
only for letting light in. V. &OB01N. 

TDp^iS, OSS m. (v. preced., a. SOppiX) colonnade. 
Y. Succ! Y, 55 a 'bot.; Y. Taan. Ill, 66 dT bot. ; v. "POP. 

arao-w, v. bio. 

nVl!2D n ltf Y. Ab. Zar. II. 42 a bot.. v. niiappX. 

ITD WN, v. mjBOx. 

^inppljjj; pr- n- m . fytya. Y. Yeb. I, 2 C . 

*pb"'I30" t sS Midr. Sam. ch. XI, v. ibppx. 

D" 1 120' 1 1$, n^taD" 1 ^ Ex. B. s. 15, read SiBp/tt; 
cmp. Tank. Haye, 3 SQBSiN. 

OWN, O^EON (CHD) £• (1»Ati 6i isatis 
tinctoria) a plant producing a deep blue dye, woad. 
Shebi. VII, 1. Y. ib. 37 b biBOX (corri ace). B. Kam. 
101 b 'OK Ar. (ed. maO, diQO; corr. ace). Meg. IV, 7; 
a. fr. 

rTOW 1 ^ v. msBpx. 



DlJ" 1 t3T |, E3D n SS Midr. Till, to Ps. XVII, beg. 'K -pas 
read OijnBpilK, v. OiJ-l&O." [V. OiJiB'iBpiS:.] 

iTED 1 ^ Ex. E. s. 15, read aiBpiX, v. 01B01S. 

tfDDD^, NDlfflW f. i) (h. nas ; i* V e.otyut) 

something restraining' (the hair from flying), band, 
chaplet (of woolen and other stuff). Sabb. 5.7 b (Ms. M. 
'UK); v. &tt*Pia. Tosef. ib. IV, 7, Kil. V, 26.-2) steel, v. 

xappx. 

*njSH'I3D' 1 S, Ms. M. inna larsix, Ar. mniaaBON, 
Ms. O. rtinanoi^, some ed. naoOiN, a word in a charm 
formula (apparently a fictitious denom. of iaD). Sabb. 67 a . 

NWOiao" 1 !*, v. i 5 i5SBpix. 



D^Ep n &< m. delicate, v 

n^iOBD'N, rwbEp^, v. m ?? Bpix. - - 

•pIDHD'W, v. next w. 

yrbpap^, ^;;pDp^ (^iJBPpnN) m. 

pi. (atacpuiXlvos, oi, Syr. ■pi'toaOS P. Sm. 301,' prob. of 
Semit. orig., rad. too) a kin# of carrot, parsnip. Y. 
Maasr. H, end, 50 a bot. Y. Hall. IV, 60 a top 'npiJ*. lb. 
Xini:iiBOiX read mrWSBOiK his parsnip. Y. Kil. I, 27 a 
bot. pibBBOK B. Sims, to Kil. I, 4 (ed. corrupt). Tosef. 
Ukts. I, 1 -,131SB0S. 

UnBtfN, v. Kwm*. 

b'ni-iH&w, sbai-natyiN, 'pa, y xs, ; :ra 

m. (axpopdot) 1) cone, also kernel of the stone pine, 
(nux pinea).— PL ptormpiK, plpiS'hBOiX &c. Ab. Zar. 1,5 
(13 b sg..); defined ibid, fruit of the cedar (stone pine); 
a. fr. Pesik. B. s. 10 rrtonoWK (readoi^— or mV- ).— 
2) (v. Sm. Ant. s. v. Mola) the cone or lower millstone 
(which is immovable, hence included in the sale of the 
house). B. Bath. IV, 3. Zabim IV, Z.—Pl. yto/hapK, 
ibinilppiX &c. Gen. E. s. 28; a. e. Keth. 69 a Ar. (ed. 
more correctly to . . . . .', sing.). 

Dib'Qi'l'EapllSl pr. n. m. IstroUlos (v. preced.; but 
prob. a corrupt! of -OttiaiBpi-lK). Y. Kil. IX, 32 c bot. 
(Y. Keth. XII, 35b K^iai-iBOiN, corr. ace.). 

" l Jl~l'Dp" , !Sl m. pi., a. corrupt. of WanapiSJ, v. 'BOS. 

DnjlbTliaD" 1 ^ and deriv., v. .'p!*. ; [Koh. B. to I, 
14, read Pcspijft.] 

" l !al2"ltaD' 1 S Cant. B. to VII, 9, defining Xi*Q-lS 
Dan. Ill, 2, read laV'B^Bp'W, v. 'OX. 

^TltaD" 1 !^, Men. 103 b , v. SWBW a. ^"iBpN., 

UOblTlia&'N, v..pftiainBOis, 
*J<Tnt2p^.,(i<"l n "lI2D^), WIS, / BKK 

m. (Ispe.'of '116, cmp. 'Vip, SHIP &c.)' net-work,' esp. 



rigging, sail-yard, sails. [If the vers. !* 1 i'Hi2b''i<, N^hPibS, 
v. Rabb. D. S. to Sabb. lll b note 2, be correct, it must 
be derived from "lib; cmp. b. b. liTTQ, rT¥rt?0 Sabb. Ill" 
'iX2 i-tapl H~\Vp the loop which they make when attach- 
ing the sail to the rigging. lb. H&15 "Wl and the (per- 
manent) knots in the rigging or ropes. 

SOaiB'HB&'N, v. nosivh^. 

*^D"l!3&^^ m. pi. (Ispe. of -JIB; cmp. b. h. ?pto) 
plaited chord's, as a collect, noun fem. a girdle of strips 
of cloth (used by washers). Y. B. Kam. X, end, 7 C nin 
'31 ''X SIM frt T^as used to make for himself one girdle 
of one kind of wool (so as not to be suspected of using 
strips of the cloths given him for washing). 

" , D* 1 ^ pr. n. m. Isi, abbr. of Joseph (v. loma 52 b 
'St fctifi C]DV Sin), esp. known: I. b. Y'hudah, an Amora; 
(v. Frankel M'bo, p. 100 b ). Hull. 115 h ; a. fr. 

^3t>% y. 'bx. 

^|5" l D&bi3ti' 1 !S;, 'CSS! m. (oxoXwrixdi, scholasti- 
cus; S.; B.C.) sctiolasticus=causidicus, advocate, pleader. 
Y. Ber. IV, 7 d ; cmp. Gen. R. s. 64, end, SOiMb^lpbX 
snwvwn Ar. (trnsp. 3 a. p; ed. tCpablViSI!* ; corr. ace.) 
pleader in behalf of the Jewish law.— PI. ipT3bVi3&''5t. 
Cant. E. to VII, 9 ipbltaoiK, corr. ace.— yipIspYiK^St 
Ex. R. s. 43 'abfct btti Iffinpa (corr. a'cc, 13 mistaken 
for D) like the pulpit of the scholastici. [Also written 
'136.] 

l"P& , D&" l Nl pr. n. pi. hW» 'N Is&w/Ja, wear SAiM. 
Y. Meg! I, 72 d top, expl. rfclB njxn Josh. XVI, 6 (axojud; 
cmp. Zeb. 118 b , as quot. in Yalk. Deut. 881). 

i6DD"W, v. '3bX a. 'bX. 

^pblbDb^, v. kb^jMsd^. 

*SI2X3&* l !Sl f. (=*mr<Q q. v.; -JBb=Bait5) recess of 
the market place, alley, 'y. Ber. in, 6 C bot. 

*K WN Gen. E. s. 37, v. tft»K. 

ISlD" 1 !^, Tanh. T'rumah, 9 llali '8t, v. bisaMBB'W. 

D1p" 1 'D"lSD' 1 ^ read Dip^st. 

I^WDD'W, v. yww*. 

acttDb'w;' m^DbT*, rpbia&o^, v. 

N^DiViBib-'K. 

"ITaBD^, v. inabx. 

^BD 1 ^ Tanh. T'rumah, 9, v. ISb^X. 
pD^DO" 1 !^ Yalk. Ps. 808, v. "pD'viEbitt. 
*"|1Xnb' 1 BD"» l 'S Cmp, Lev. R. s. 5, read 



W'lBBi&t (otJ>apio <i)=comes m 



ce; v. D. 0. s 



tvffipbis 
KTbBD'N, yiO^Bb'N, (S)^3b§D^, 

^cb6" i W, v. >*&. 

&13D' : T3&& 1 !S! m. (<7<psvSa|^o<;) maple-tree. Tanh. 
T'rumah, 9' tW3 isbifct ed. (Ar. ■pa13 , '&bK ; corr. ace.) 
Tidhar (Is. LX, 13) means &c. 

^pSp^^ m. (pBb) prop, feeder, supplier, hence 
vessel in which wine is put on the table (amphora). Targ. 
0. Ex. XVI, 33 Ar. (ed. rVTllbx). Git. 14*. Cmp. pBJ. 

rnNpB&iN, v. tag** 

llDbpBb^, ■ "liQbjyiB& m. (speculator, spicu- 
lator) arm-bearer, esp. guardsman of the Eoman Em- 
peror; mostly executioner, torturer (v. D. C. s. v.). Sabb. 
108 a . Num. R. s. 19. Lev. E. t>. 26 'Bb. Lam. B. to II, 1. 

v. x^p-eb. 

»")1obpBbi», aTtabp-feb ch. sa me. pi.^.:, 

. ^Targ.'ll Esth. V, 2. Targ. Y.Gen. XXXVII, T 36. 



&rnbpBb , w > 



pD^DpSb" 1 ^, read b^a*ibBix m. (6<J<apTOTr)0 
cook. Esth. B. to 1, 14, read tfsls bw 'stri (*p'V2Q=preparing). 

WBnpDb^,. v. i?bsppx. 

bliHSb 1 ^, 'SOS m. (aojiapayo;) 1) asparagus, 
also shoots of cabbage, like asparagus in form. Ned. VI, 10 
if one vows abstinence from cabbage 'KS "llbX he is for- 
bidden to eat asparagus (the latter being considered a 
species of the genus 'cabbage'). Tosef. Dem. IV, 5 asp^J 
laaj 'Xfl nx to cut off the stalks thereon (and throw the 
remainder away).— 2) asparagus, a beverage of wine or 
beer with asparagus. Ber. 51 a . Pes. 110 b . Kid. 70 a 'ifct 
'ai nmpl aspar. as the educated call (the morning 
drink). [Yalk. Gen. 34 bWfitfi&t read bi^Bb^X (acppa-yU) 
seal, v. b^Bb.] 

b3"lSb' 1 !S! (^b"lBbX) m. (Arab, safar-gel) isp- 
argal, name of a fruit (called Perssea, ffepaaia), plum ; 
others: quince.— PI. Y^SO^. Y. Maasr. I, 48 d bot.; 
Y. Kil. I, 27 a , explain. ",i\ljil'3=perssea. V. Low Pfl. pp. 
144, 289, a. Sm. Ant. s. v. Perscea. 

T^anKyw (■rapiBb'w), v.''**. 

^D^lBb^H, Tanh. ed. Bub.T'rumah.9, v.bi:OTlBO">!i!i. 

"pnrwa, v. 'bx. 

ptfit pr. n. m. Isak. B. Mets. 39b Mari ben I. (v. 
Rabb. T D.' S. a. 1.); Keth. 27 b . 

■nTtaapb'w, v. -wipo-*. 

^nilpb" 1 ^, v. ^WMpOT*. 

^Tipb" 1 ^ (n , ')ipb* l !S) f. (Isp.ofllp=71p;cmp. 
nititp) cutting, trnsf. fate,' doom; cmp. rm*. Esth. E. 



to I, 14 (Ar. ed. Koh. m. . .). .[Levy Talm. Diet. s. v. 
nitipbx, quotes nupina ...-.'» m, pi.] 

. mmpCN, v. next w. 

•H^plp'W, 'p&tf, "HTOpb m. pi. (Pers. is- 
kodar,'aaxav8ifjQ, aa^-'avSrjc, d»JTaSir)'<;; v. Perles Et. St. 
p. 113) prop, despatch-bearers, name of a game, a kind 
of chess. Kidd. 21 b vMsbk "iHOAr. (Var. Ar. 'pba; ed. 
iTiaipbiK) you must have played at iskundre (instead 
of studying). Shebu.29 a '=1 *0**X Xzb'n (Ms.M. i*rTlpb"^) 
perhaps he' gave them checkers (tokens in game) and 
passed them for Zuze. Ned. 25 a . Cmp. ms'lpbiK. 

N^ptm nB1pDi«, NFSnp&'N, v. von. 

^t3"lipP' l Nl f. (scortea) leather-coat. Ned. 55 b . 
V. sOBSipb. ' 

^IP&^v.^ptps. 

1 "TTO"HpD' 1 ltf, read ^"iB^pbiX m. pi. (<j7]Xpr]Tapiot, 
secretarii) the sovereign's private secretaries (Asecretis, v. 
D. C. Gr. a. Lat. s. v.). Y. Keth. .XII, 35 b ; Y. Kil. IX, 
32 c wnsapbix (corr. ace). 

Wpt^a, , pB , n|56'W, v. tjwj. 

mDlp&^N m. (corrupt, of K^ppiX, Pers. iskodar; 
Koh. Ar. ; v. ^SSipOTK) courier. Y. Ab.Zar. I, 39 d top ani 
'ai 'pmn he gave two pounds of pepper to a courier (to 
go to Tyre) , and he (the courier) went up and found &c. 

"ID" 1 ^ m. (contr. -of IftbiN, cmp. SOTrW*, an adapt, 
of assarius=as) As, a Eoman coin, usu. 1 ji4 of a Denar 
(v. Zuckerm. Talm. Gew. p. 22 sq.), called ipiaW 'X, 
Italian As. Kidd. I, 1 ; a. fr.— Y. ibid.' I, 58 d T'=a nrjx'xn 
'31 the As is J /24 of the silver Denar . — Trnsf. coin. Taan. 
19 b 'X miia because there was a scarcity of coin.— PL 
"p'lbiX. Y.Maas.Sh. IV, 55 b top — Chald. Kidd. 12 a i"ffl3i|* 
read "Hb^X. [Gen. K. s. 42 ~\tibn wb '» the Assar received 
its name from Blasar (Gen. XIV, 1), comment.; v. how- 

"l©* 1 !^ m. (b. h. IS!*, IttS) prop, band, hence vow of 
abstinence, (cmp. WIS). Y.'wed. I, beg. 36 c .— PI. nilbix, 
"plbiN, TlbN. Ibid. 'Xh bs> 'pp'ft ft* the punishment of 
lashes is not applied for breaking vows. Y. Yeb. XIII, 13 d 
rYnibl* (corr. ace). Y. Ned. I, 36 d top. {-o^ prisoner, v. 
T»iS.] [Gen. E. s. 42 'ibbx bwb '» bands '(chains) forged 
for Blasar, v. preced.] 

™10*N ch. same; 1) band, chain. PL.fiO^. Targ. 
Jud. XV,"l4.— 2) vow. Targ. 0. Num. XXX, 3 (Y. M^l*) ; 
a. e.— PI. 'ftcpx, ^b^. Targ. 0. Num. XXX, 5 ; a', 'e.— ! 
[Targ. Ps. II, 3 M^bX (some ed. /! HbX), v. next w.] 

^"Ib" 1 !^ I 1) m., v. preced— 2) JOb 1 ^, STto' 1 !*; xnib^S 
f. bundle, bunch, sheaf. Targ. Y. Num. XIX, 18. Targ. 
0. Gen. XXXVII, 7; a. e— P?.^b^, KtriOT*. Ibid. (ed. 
also SObl*, ssnibx). KrnOK Targ. Ps. II, 3 (some ed. 
/! HbX) chains; v. preced. 



■ rw:6inoi8 

^T}Q sf II m. (v. lb) prince, angel, genius. Pes. m b 
'=1 wral 'k (Ms. M. Ktffl, read SIS) ; v. Kabb. D. S. a. 1.) 
the genius appointed over sustenance is named Clean- 
liness, lb. '=1 fctfYlWt 'X (in Ms. our w. omitted) the genius 
of want is named Filth. Yoma 77 a tOIBI 'X Ms. M. (ed. 
STUB, in a passage omitted in many editions, v. Babb. D. 
S. a. 1.) the genius of the Persians (Pharsees). 



. (strata) street, v. XB*ibX. 



JTQHp 1 ^ f. same. Y. B. Bath. VIII, 16 c top re^S 
'X Sin that is not the proper way (^TTM 1t'6tb), i. e. 
it is inconsistent that the same formula should be illegal 
in the case of a letter of divorce, and legal in the case 
of a donation. Y. Gitt.VII, 48 d nnibis fti*& (corr. ace, 
and supplement ace to Y. B. Bath. 1. e). 

0"1I3"I&^ Y. B. Mets. II, 8 C 'K1 "pV^a, read 
ib^BbiJOT, v. biBbiJfl. 

*]' 1 1l3np" , Nl • m. pi. (=TiB1Bb«, pi. of GTpax6c.) band 
or body of 'men. Gen. B. s. 87 biSsm\>U)'X (Ar. -,1ialb6t) 
bands of adulterers; difiXTi VlB 'X bands of murderers; 
(Yalk. Gen. 145 IBb'W). 

apnox v. x-^bx. 

itrnp^S!, v . vew<i. 

nmO^ y. Gitt. vii, 48 d , v. n?ym. 

m. (Ithpe. brlspe. of "iib=*nB to leap', stride; b. h. "fl'aSK; 
cmp. bniBbX) a»We, foot-step' Targ. Job XXIII, 11 ;' a. e. 
Yeb. 103 a ';Arakh. 19 b rYTO KS18 IS "j* "Wl (Ar. lin&X) 
what is called ist'vira (ankle; in an anatomical sense) 
goes down to the ground (the entire length of the foot 
from the ankle). Men. 33 a , "W 13 XTOSH a door turning 
horizontally like the foot from the ankle.— Pi. , p7nPi!?' , S$, 
"■~! . . . . Targ. Koh. XII, 5; a. fr. Cmp. i?in«. 

*pDDiinD 1 &< Y. Maas. Sh. V, 56 b top 'si '» 'rf>n, 
read 'pb^'ia^b snbn (pi. of <ji-cci>vir)«) three corn-dealers 
upon whose estimates he redeemed the second tithes. 

fcOffib' 1 *?, v. JW1JHOTJ. 

inws, 'pi?, antatra, www 

(contr. of Xin'nbX &e, r. 1Mb, *inx' ; cmp. Iritoix'a. "H 
1) a sifoer com, (with Kill or SDifflS, or sub'. Kill 
equal to a common (provincial) Sela, or AaZ/ a .Zkz. 
Keth. 64 a ; Gitt. 45', v. KpiSBIB. B. Mets. 102 b . Bekh. 
49 b X^bTlb 'X Syriac Istira (v. Zuckerm. Talm. Munz. 
p. 27). Kidd. ll b .— Pi ^iribiX Gitt. 14 a "ini'S. Hull. 44 1 
iBifflS '&.— lb. 105 a . 2) Hebr. pi. ttixtTCBPX. Tosef. Shek. 
II, 4 ant *>a 'k (Var. m'snabiN) ^o?i coiws (staters), Y. 
ib. Ill, 47 c ^DSiX (corr." ace). [Targ. II Bsth. II, 7 
fcOVlb^ nw, aglosstoXnSiaai, v. inftbX, confounding 
our w. with aaxi^p.] 

n^^bno^, n^jbrp^, Y.^w«t ' 



C^SKTS*, D^ftD^, V& m. (trt, Saf. trtiD, 
Ithpe. 'TtTK, lape. tat^K; cmp, e*irVHfc; cmp. STOICS as 
to Ishtafel) of feeble health, delicate, fastidious in diet. 
Yoma III, 5 TiCnx Ms. a. Ar. (v. Eabb. D, S. a. ]., note 
10; Bab. ed. mostly 'aWS). Pes. 108 a . gnh. 100 b (opp, 
MB 1 ' IKSI not ehoicy); a, fr.— PI. WpimtHN &c. Gen. 

B. s. 11 Ar. (ed. Win). Lam. R. to IV, 2 ftt> (read 

DID . . . .).—Chal&. Targ. Job VI, 7 ed.-ftos (Ms. lata*). 
[Cmp. b. h. 66S, ch. Dip?.] 

rPD'Ort^N, WK, v.preced. 

TP2$~Wyi, v. ^. 

^^"TC^IS read 'aiBCSt, v. SiErtBDa a. foil. 

NI3" l JND' l i< Yalk.Ex. 167, v. XHTOlSiK. 

HS 1 ^! Sifra Sh'mmi ch. Vir, Par. 6, v. ns^ill. 

n£* l !SlIf.(cmp.''S'iK) character, disposition,temper. 
Ex. b/s. 40 (play on ClSfK Job XXXVIII, 4) '21 "^13 'KT1 
where -was thy predestined temper suspended? (on which 
limb of Adam's head, hair &o. ?, v. preceding passage 
ibid.). lb. ^nsiS. 

HD'WIII f. (b. h. ; riBSS) [batch], EphaJi, a dry mea- 
sure. Wre Deut. 294, both a small as well as a large 
Ephah'X rvmp is named Ephah.— Men. 45 b top 'trs" 1 !* the 
Ephah belonging to the sacrifices; a. fr. — jR'.rviB'W. Ibid, 

*p li "!pTYQ"©' , &t, Pesib. K.s, 26, yal"ft 'St; ed. Lemb. 
"pas'* pirjSlDISiK, ed, Friedm, port, read fVp'na V*?^ 
■jiaipi than the palace (with) triclinium and bed-cham- 
ber wherein I dwell. 

DIplfflB'W, v. op-iaem. 

lymt, v. <m. . 

^biB'W," y. trifc* 

fctdlS 1 ^ m. (y. Kofi) moulA, orifice, esp. skylight 
(impluviumj. Erub. 100* 'Ks piBo mm Ms. M. (ed. 
rTsfTl) (a palm-tree) which grew up through the im- 
pluvium. Kidd. 81 a . Hull. 51 a , 

SHaWN, v. next w. 

"KO^DIEPK (mm.), SODIB^STa^mBU 

'322"©"^ &c. (read: S^a^Er^) m, pi. (iitwJfua, xa) 
<Ae imposed penalty, sentence. Deut, R, s. 2; Yalk. Gen. 
77; Ex. 167. [Mus. reads rfipa sing. fem.=i7UTifi.l».] 

*013*£t m. (60S, yz\t*, emp. W2N) /btffter, /feed 
PI ?bw£ Midr. Till, to Ps. LXXVIII, 52 1*>.T™ "pst 



■|rn61B^N , . . their feed is not prepared for them ; (Ex. 
R. s. 24, in a passage otherwise miseopied, ■jlpialBa). 

pllBiD^, v. -Sbj. 

I^IIDIB^S, v. ■p-pBlBX, "pOB'iBX a. "V^BX. ■ 

^SlD^SSt If of 6, a disguise of elote prbty; cmp. 
ni^pissf, ''p^S. Y. Ned. XI, 42 c top, how did you swear ? 
He said, 'I swore Efofe Yisrael' (for, By the God of Israel) , 
'I will not enter my house'. He replied, (you said) Efofp 
Yisrael, -prvsb nW>S t^l (not riW$) and on that account 
you would not enter your house? 

D^IETN, D WTO ftBlB^, D WTO 
v. pDaiss. 

tt^lD" 1 ^, read '165, v. W^BIS. 

fct^B^S, y. TV®*- 

*Di"linl£ l ' 1 I!t f. (iTrlro^opo;, sub, vo^o;, Sl-TIB) o 
iw«e played to mares on being covered. Cant. R. to I, 9 
(being asked why they rushed into the water, the horses 
said) WS tsh n"Ht>S3 'K (ed. IWrlBiK, S^Oin*"*, 'SSt corr. 
aoo.) a Mppothoros is prepared for you in the Sea (a 
satire on Egyptian lasciviousness), 

SE3B' 1 i l t, ^HBfi< (iTtTti) seven. Gen. R. s. 14, beg.; 
a. e. V.'nd'in. 

»W«, nSllElBf 1 !* (»^?B>«) f- tfmtTela) 
prop, iiomaw consulship, consulate, in gen. era, dating 
from accession to goy ernment or an other important ey ent. 
Lev. R. s. 36 Wsbo ^sffl 1S3 H3a3 (Ahaz) was counted 
under the era of kings (under whom Isaiah prophesied). 
Num. B. beg. 'X DFSI — QT fitix what day, month, year 
and era (from, the exodus from Egypt). Pesik. Bahod. 
p. 104* '31 'X pJTa Til count ye a new era from my son's 
redemption. lb. Hahod. p. 52 h sq, he wrote her marriage 
contract N tib 3f13l in which he stated the era of his 
government. 

Dip^B"'^ (hicorr. 'bIS^S, 'B^Bift) m. (uiraTtx<k) 
consularis, Emperor's delegate, viceroy. Mekh. B'shall. 
Amalek, 2, '31 %aia 'st the Hypatieus annuls it over 
his (the Hegemon's) hand (ignoring his authority). — PL 
•ppiBS^St, Tanh. (ed. Bub.), Vayesheb 2 ppiDBK (coir, 
ace, v. note 4). V. tJlpias^n. 

DIP^EPN, v. preced. 

StDB/'X f. ("]&(*) the reverse, opposite. Beth/ 5 ft , a. f r. 
f& •]5i3na''K pst our version is the reverse. Hull. 20 1 ', 
a, fr. NianCia '« xa-ils, v, SU'rps. R. Hash. 20"; a. 
v. fr. 

Snp^BTSt, V. MBVp-<BM. 

JlbtGpB'N (pbaa^Bt Mus.) m. pi. (pastjlli) lozenges, 
'of sugar. Cant. B. to I, 2. V. T^^B, bib^BOB; 
cmp. Yalb. Cant. 981. 



■jipUdD^, v. 'b&bx. 

"l&B'W, v. ^m. 

"jl^pS^, v. pipBiX. 
TOJ?B' 1 N, v. 'BX. 

&Wtf, v. to 

fc^S?" 1 ^ pr. n. f. Ifra. Zeb. H6 b I. Ormuzd, mother 
of king'Shapur; B.Bath.8 a bot; Taan.24 b ; Nid.20 b 'SX. 

"pY!©" 1 **, v. Till"!®*. 

DYOTliD^, Midr. Sam. s. 5 IT*1 lblBo '8 read 
Wi . . . hiafnsh (v. nans, esp. Pes. 50*) he (Nebucad- 
nezar) had to pay the writer's fees (for the change of 
prfcx 13 into fiiaxba Dan. Ill, 25; 28), i. e. had to suffer 
for it ; v. MaiN. Cant. R. to VII, 9 Ttt liffia pailB read 
■par©'. 

^ SDHB^, .rDTB^, fcOHSa, WTB« m. , 

(Sirap^oi, iirap^ot) prefect of a province or ioton; 
governor, lieutenant. Gen. R. s. 11; a. v. fr.— PI pa^BiX, 
'BX; ia"iBX, X^a-lBiX. Targ. Y. Num. XI, 26. Targ. Esth. 
I, 3; a. e.— Shebu. 6 b ; a. fr. 

&iD""© n 2S!, v. preced. 

fcrpWlS^N f. (deriv. of preced.)=next w. 

■OTSra, ^DIS^, *&& t (iKapyJa) prefecture, 
province, town-government. Gen. R. s. 39; a. fr. [In 
Targ. also itrnw,]- PI. SWa-iBiX, 'BX. Gen. R. s. 89 ; 
a. e. [Targ. Lam. I, 1 srai'nBX, read Xi*3"lBiX. Targ. 
Y. II, Deut. Ill, 11 pia^BX,' read yrq"% i|.] [Midr. Sam. 
ch. VII, 'xb (Var. iBX*>), v. 1B3BX.] 

SnryTB^, v. preced. 

]&"1D' 1 N (Ithpe. denom. of ^"fiB) he was taxed (by 
Roman officials), i. e. his property was seized for taxes. 
Y. Kidd. Ill, 64 a top "<b 'X Levy's property &c. 

DIEHB^, v. pbaisx. 

tf BT*, HtiS^, v. tfBX a. TtitK. 

D^r®^, &1&WH, v. »i*i^ 

N1TIS! I m. CpK) ozier, prickly twigs. Gitt. 69 b 'X 
'31 tOPon (Ar. XSX) green twigs with which the river 
is dammed in (figur. for diarrhoea stopped). Cmp. 

seem. 

&GT8II, NSTNni., NFtSS" 1 ^ f. cp«, y*x) 

1) squeezing, pressure. Yeb,121 b top, ipm XXSiX 3SX (Ar. 
XXiX) on account ~of the pressure (which the falling 
person exercises on the serpents in the pit) they injure 
him. Sabb. 144 b XXXiX "TO ihXI Ar. (ed. XhXSiX; Ms. 
M. XXiXiX) (the juice) which oozes out of the grapes 



TV* 

through the pressure of their non weight. M. Kat. ll a 
salted fish made fit for immediate use 'X 35X by squeezing 
(and washing) out the salt.— PL iSSiJ*. lb. 'X phH» sixty 
times pressed and washed. — 2) trnsf. depression, depre- 
ciation in the market; [oth. opin. deterioration of qual- 
ity], Keth. 100 b xnXSiX hia ten i"S» (read 8&BS1; 
Ar. XXiX Mia. ilril, Rashi XSXiX) though there is a risk 
of depreciation (on account of large supply for the festive 
season) [oi of getting sour}. 

"irorN, ms, v. ^m- 

^"IDS" 1 ^ f. (ilx, v. nextw.) 1) destruction.— 2) (ca- 
cophem.) theatre; v. Xinaxx. 

1" l>; TtalS' 1 S f. (orig. m. pi., Ithp. of lis q. v.; sub. 
hTO &c.) 1) a place full of ruins. Y. Erub. II, 22 b hx 
'31 lVo 'Xh hX SlXTl you look upon the debris near 
Tiberias as &c. (cmp. bibbx).— *Pl. pjiTOXiX. B. Bath. 
103 b lha 'X if the stones in the field are debris, how is 
it? [Comment, diff.] — 2) cacophemism for theatre (a 
place of destruction). [The prevailing versions are pIBXX, 
pIBDX q. v.] 

^TPtZlinS Tosef. B. Kam. VI, 28, read X3BXX or 
X11BXX. 

p'to^HX'W, v. niaoijK. 

"HOrN Yeb. 17-, v. -na. 

NEWS, v. XiiXX. 

N"TJ2' ,| N m. (1XK q. v.) what is pressed out, juice. 
Gitt. 69 b! (Ar. 8*135). ' 

T^jibtiX'w, v. wiaWiBM. 

Np" 1 ^ m. (p)1X=p'lS ; cmp. Lat. ambire, b. h. anb) 
stallion-goat, buck. Sabb. 152 a '31 XB^ttJ 'X Ar. (ed. XIpiS, 
*nip3>, Ms. Oxf. "ipi», Ag. Hatt. Ip9, v. Rabb. D. S. a. 1. 
note 40) a goat, if castrated, sells for eight &c. [V. Sachs 
Beitr. II, 131 sq.] 

■jlD^lp^, v. 'px. 

*&tUE3lp' 1 N, Lev. R. s. 5, v. XBBlpiXt 

Di3iQip 1 ^=a'iaiiipix. 

■Q^lO/lp^ f. (olxoo(iivTj) the inhabited earth. Koh. 
R. VI, 3 'IplX (corr. ace); Gen. R. s. 32 "lpi (corr. ace.) 
(play on t/'kum Gen. VH, 4). 

DIDDlp^lS, v. siaiiipix. 

"jipX M'lp'W, CpNl) o.(zlx^)likeness,portrait, 
iconic statue. Targ. Y. Gen! V, 3.— PI. h. p^pix, hiiipix ; 
ch. X^ipiX, XhiipiX. Ex. R. s. 30 ("jba ilB) 'X emperor's 
statues; a. fr.— Y. Ab. Zar. HI, beg. 42 b hl^lpix, hIJipiX 
read hiaipix. lb. 42 c top; a. e. V. paip^X. [Midr. Till, 
to Pss. XV, XVH, v. XiiipiX.] 



OlHlJ Ip'iSl m. (o'txovojxo^) steivard, toivn-clerk (a 
slave). Y. B. Mets. IX, beg. 12 a . Y. B. Bath. IV, 14 c bot. 
DWlp-W (corr. aoc). B. Bath. 68 b Olobpmx, DIoVlpSN, 
'bpJX, 'pSIS (popul. corrupt.). 

fcTDlp"'^ I (pi. of elxdviov) statuary. Midr. Till, to 
Ps. XV : (ref. to Is. XXXI, 9, applied to the Roman em- 
pire or emperor) 'his rook' 'it ill this means the statues 
with the likenesses of the emperors (v. Sm. Ant. s. v. 
Statuary). 

. L*^3TpN II or ■ a^pN f. (pi. as a collect, noun) 
(denom.' of yip'W) a procession in which portable images 
are carried. Midr. Till, to Ps. XVII '=1 biixba bffl 'it a 
procession of angels passes before man and they cry, 
Make room '=1 btt) i-mpi&6 (read V$ips6 or mripij*!?; 
Yalk. Ps. 670; Deut. E. s. 4 fiip^xb) "for the images of 
the Lord (man being created in the image of God). Deut, 
B. 1. c. roina "IX (corr. ace). 

raj^, v. preced. 

d"01p n fct read ■psip'W. 

I^lp^ (l^lpK) f. <elx6*ov) picture, image; 
Targ. Y. Gen. IV, 5 features (pi.); a. fr — Ex. B. s. 15. 
Deut. E. s. 4, v. SJppiJJII; a.fr.— Esp. 'SW the bright- 
ness of expression, features. — Gen. E. s. 53 ; a. fr. — Ex. E. 
s. 35 nxs 'x(sub. T1) fine appearance; Cant. E. to III, 11 
yairYiK (corr. ace.).— P£ v. ■pp'W. 

ata'^'w, y. >$*. 

l^bp^X, Y. Ab. Zar. II, 41 d , read with some ed. )^8, 
v. -ip_«. 

Dbp" 1 !^ Ithpe. of &bp. 

DlDp^JSl m. (Ixavot) 1) ww%, fit; wealthy. Yalk. 
Job 919.— 2) sufficient, v. W&piS. 

~lp*^, ^Tlp^ m. (=h. Ipi, v. -i«) Aowor, ^fory.— 
Targ. T Prov. XL* 16*;' a. fr.— Y.*Ber. I, 2 d '=1 i-lpT* my 
honor counts for nothing before the honor of my Maker. 
lb. II, 41 'X rrt Hrht* nx na (not S^&n«) what honor 
dost thou pay it (by passing by)?; Y. Shek. II, 47 a top. — 
Y. PeahVHI, 21 b bot. '81 rtMIS an honorable livelihood. 
Y. Hag. I, 76 d top 'K1 KIS^S, v. &na"U— PJ. "pip 11 !* pre- 
sents, greetings. Y. Ab. Zar. II, 41 d (some ed. ■pbp'W). 

CS I sSI m. ("list, cmp. lift) uMe substance, undyed wool 
or cotton. Sabb. ll b ; (Tosef. ib. I, 8 missing). lb'. 79 a 
'!)6 NaJll a sample color for the wool (given to the 
dyer).— PI. lp*t% B. Kam. 119 b , the remnants of wool 
in the hands of the dyer. [E. Hanan. reads OT^X q. v.] 
[Tosef. Kel. B. Bath. I, 4 hliX; Kel. XXI, 1 !lW.] 

•n^'tva, (rTCfia), mivn, rrci-in, 

rPJlT!?, (ri^JHS') f. (v. preced.) made of white clay, 
unburned and flat clay-dish, a kind of tray extemporized 
for immediate use in the field. — PL rYM'iTW &c. Eduy. 



1WK 

II, 5 "<5< 'ptfflb ed. (Ms. 'SIN f btibH, Mish. Nap. 'IIS). Y. 
Sabb. XI, 13" "ill*. Bets. 32 a I^M Ms. M. (ed. 'in) expl. 
=119 Ms. M. (ed. 'IS^NrT^pn ^SS field-dishes. [Eashi; 
from "VS wsed m country towns{\), hence coarse, . wra- 
finished.]. 

' CITS I, W"1!S! m. (supposed to be=?pi<;) .Erws, a 
lily with an aromatic root. Kil. V, 8, expl. Y. ib. 30 a .bot. 
jrPB-m (pi. of tXoyiX, v. P. Sm. s. v.). Tosef. ib. Ill, 13. 
Ohol. VIII, 1. 

dlTNSlI, CITSi m. (prob. from its use, v. DIM a. 
deriv.) erus, a musical instrument used at weddings and 
funerals, drum, taboret. Sot. IX, 14 "Wii bs— n« the 
use of the erus at weddings was interdicted; v. expl. 
Bab. ib. 49 b ; Y. ib. 24 c top. Kel. XV, 6 'btri (used at 
funerals). 

"pW-W, v. r&™. 

2T"P!S! m. (SIX) meeting, festive gathering. Targ. Y.. 
Num. XXIX, 35 (=h. Xlpo). 

&TTW, N^7», v. k^j 

Tia^s, v. -pa^s, 

n^Q' r T!St f. (ipv)|xta) dfeseH, desolation. Koh. E. 
beg. (play on Jeremiah). 

□"PN, Y. Maasr. V, 52 a , read S^N. 

&TN, Xb^N, v. SI*. 

TOTS,' v. wn* i. 

FTX, v. 91K, S5«. 

12TN m. (b. h.; 1B1K, cmp. IB 1 ;, v. U5;" 1 !*) Sewi^, wan; 
husband; lord.— tPbttiTn '» a native or citizen of Jeru- 
salem Aboth I, 4; a. fr.— Yoma I, 7 5"TD ^X my lord 
the High-priest. Sot. 17 a ttfflNI 'X husband and wife; a. 
fr.— PI. truasst, v. UJiiS. 

fcWS'W /Sre, v. TON. 

TTteKS'N, v. ^iam. 

rl^" 1 ^ m. (b. h. SHEX, v. 1BX) burnt -offering.— PI. 
dilB^'iak Ned. 13 a . Zeb.V, 4 's& Mss altogether to 
be burnt; a. fr. 

Il^" 1 ^, ^25!S m. constr. (v. ^ a. b. h. ITO^) 
essence, exact time, season. Targ. Y. Gen. XVIII, 5. Ib. 
XXVIII, 10; a.fr. (in Targ. Y.).— PL WttJN, ^ffll*. Targ. 
Y. Lev. XV, 25; Deut. XXXI, 10. Cmp. )ipS. 

"fltS^S m. 1) (v. IffliJ, Pi. 2) praise, adoration. Cant. 
E. to Vlli, 11 iXyn JpflffliK it is thy praise. Y. Succ. Ill, 
54 a top, with ten var. expressions of praise are the psalms 
headed ^na with the word ashre, &c— 2) (v. ittSJ Pi. 1) 
legal attestation. Y. B. Mets. I, 8 a bot; v. NlffiN. [Some 
ed. im*.]. 



nws 



ba^a 



n ! l©" , !Sl f. (v. l^X) matrimony, marital state. Ab. 
Zar. 36 b nisnh "pi 'X XniillXI biblically intermarriage 
with gentiles is forbidden only in the way of legal 
marriage (opp. concubinage, &c). Y. Kidd. I, 59 c hot. 
'X IMS nihBlzJ servitude after marriage, i. e. a father 
selling his daughter after she had been married and had 
returned to her parental home in widowhood &c. Yeb.76 a , 
a. fr. 'X filffife with the intention of estahlishing a matri- 
monial relation. 

m^ltf Y. Erub. II, 2o a tnp 'x, v. nsTj II. 
TNfilQ mole, v. max. 

*p^t±TS, v. w ; 
ns^is, v. ™m. 

nbtp" 1 ^, pi. ninsiaix, v. 'izix. 

pp2^, ^j?^, v. '2?X. 

~H£T& "l^S (Af. of 11UX) #ood Z«cfc/ Y. Shebi. 
IV, 35 b ' what means 'we salute them'? Ans. (Saying) "'if. 
good luck. lb." 1 " 1 !*. Y. Taan. I, 64 b bot.; a.e. 

"l^" 1 !^, Pi. of "11$*.— iia^x, v. iii2?>x. 

ni2>, y. wn. 

X?lti% 8^^m.,nPB5Nf.(=«W*)«a!. Targ. 
I ChrTxiI,'24; a. e.— Y. Sot VIII, 22 c bot. 'X xnax a 
cubit has six handbreadths. Y. Snh. I, end, 19 d 'X )V in 
one sixth. Ib.X, 28 b top ytTfl 'tUX six months— PI. "pPiliix 
sixty. Targ. Y. II, Num. XII, 16. Cmp. Xpiizix. 

*iTt2FETstf pr. n. pi. or river Ishtattith. Hull. 95 a 
bot. "^Xl Xiaa the ford of I. 

'Tfl^N A* tfjwifc; v. to. 

- xm&<&, mrmt, v. xr™m. 
sHia^a, v. 'm. 

"lY 1 ^ formative prefix, v. "m. ["Words not found 
here below, will be found under _ nx.] 

iTPfct, JSn^Sl (h. U)?; nix, cmp. n?, V% nx &c.) prop, 
fteiw^, existence, hence ttere is, arc; est qui &c. Targ. 
Gen. XVIII, 24; a.fr— Y. Ber. VI, end, 10 d 'SI ijn iijn 'X 
one Tannai reads. . . . E.Hash. ll b , a. fr. xn^XIS as it is, 
i. e. as stated. — "b n^X I have, I hold (the opinion). — 
Snh. 90 a , a. fr. '31 SnV n^KIa la the one in accordance 
with the opinion he holds, and the other &c- — B. Mets. 

5 a , a. fr ' '"rt> Xn">X bX if the opinion of E. 

.... has (had) any substance, i. e. if we must adopt 
his authority.— Yoma 41 a itfvrfb "!= 'X i»a what hast 



thou to reply? — B. Mets. 3 a '=1 "Oi "b 'X ^Xa what have 
I to do with the hired man?— Yeb. 11 6 a 'ffiQ l3?nix 13 
when ye are in Shili &c. — Compounds Xs-n^X, contr. 
X3iX; xn^X sOs contr., xrrt. ["wrm, inij*, my existence, 
Iaw=h. 1119. Targ. Ps.* CIV, 33"; a. e.] Cmp. Vm. 

Sr)" 1 ^ come!, Imp. of XI1X. 

87PK, nFP«, tXmt, 'F« fc (cmp. m* ■*.**;= 
h. niJx;'cmp. T xrox) woman, wife. Targ. Gen. II, 22; 
a. fr.— Y. Maasr. V, end, 52 a Xn^X Xin a certain woman. 
Y. Taan. I, 64 b bot. nn->X. Y. Ber. II, 5 C hot. n^WTX 
"fflaxl his father's wife, step-mother (fig. for Babylon); 
a. fr. 

17P& Tfct, i iri^f.(preced.)=h.niiB^»wa*rimo»y; 
'&6 in matrimony, as wife. Targ. Gen. XII, 19; a. fr. 

WSSl come ye!, Imper. of KPN.— [Pes. 50 a px in->X,, 
v. " W*j 

n^ll^lS, '"FIN f. Oil,=*!*linx) confession of sin. 
Targ. Hos. XIV, 3. 

*" 1 ^* 1 ^' "'T^ (P 1 - of "^ ihere * s > ®<*re are. Dan. 
II, 10 fa. fr.— Y. Shebi. X, 39 e i^X fc6 tali *> (Y. Mace. 
I, 31 a WX . . . .) a loan on thirty days does not exist, 
i. e. does not come within the rule whereby a creditor 
may secure collection by announcing legal action before 
the Sabbath year limitation takes effect. — *Pes. 50 a 13 
'31 liWX pX imxl iS^n (read WS1 or pWXI; Ms. M. 
b ^nx; diff. vers. v. Kabb. D. S. a. 1.) as we are esteemed 
here (in this world) so are we there (in the world of the 
beatified). 

TPIS pr. n. m. Ithi. Kerith. 24 a . 

*"jiTp¥nN, itTOTfw, 'm m. (v. ^bsw?) 

theatre. Targ. Bzek. XXVII, 6 (ed. Vi'en. 'illcnnx). ' 

ItflGTj"'^ (=n , 'X, ^nix a. xax) some soy.— 1 'xi Isxiaffl 
■janii Samuel or, as some say, B.. Johan. Bets. 6 a ; a. fr. 
[Diff. fr. Xatl m] 

WDTTN, read Sla^BX. 

■p;rra, T.w» W drv«. 

VbXF&, ^3^, '«* (const. W) m.=h. 
VsffiX (q. v.) &wwc/i of grapes. Targ. Num. XIII, 24; a.e. — 
P£'-,i>3niX, '3nx, Xi^anix; Targ. I Sam. XXV, 18; a. 
e. — Trnsf. scholars, opp. Xi^S (leaves), the untutored. 
Hull. 92 a '31 iani iSS 1 ^ let the grapes pray for the 
leaves (the scholars for the untutored) ; for but for the 
leaves, the grapes could not exist. V. islBX. 

^bp^ v. PiBK end. 



Job XXXI, 

ba^Nl, 1 ^?1 1 !S!, bla?lNl=h. iianx yesterday. 



(Bni; v. -iX) orphan. Targ. Ps. X, 14; 
Ms. (ed. dni). 



Targ. Ex. IV, 1 



i. 15 a ; a 



"P^, "ISTfiSi m. (b. h.; rVK; cmp. -mist, MS, fffliS, 
yust) 1) essence, permanent or wonwaZ co»«Jitio». Nidd.48 b 
i^sts Ttn obtained again its normal condition. Sot. 36 b 
'MS WllBp FQS5 his membrum resumed its normal condi- 
tion. (Cmp. Ex, XIV, 27). — 2) adj. essential, strong. B. Hash. 
ll a iS^pni sees 'St ethan means strong. —PL dijrnst. lb. 
dSlS ■'SriSt the mighty of the world (patriarchs). Gen. 
B. s. 98 (play on athono Gen. XLIX, 11) '21 d^sm EP5S 
mighty sons (heroes) are destined to descend from him. 
—3) pr. n. river Ethan. Succ. 18 a (Ms. M. ps); a. e. 

inMrPS Koh. b. beg., v. swani'ist. 

b'W'w, b^ns, wrw ^d^™, <*»*«, v. «»; 

or Ithpe. of D13 or in)" to' be taken sick. Sabb. 145 b 
iwrfts: (Ms. M. ■'pianist b^rnst Ithpa.) I should have 
grown sick; (Ms. Oxf. ijanbist I should have been in 
danger). Git. 56 a Stb">3rlSt (or Fl&sJfi&t) she grew sick (from 
aversion), fainted. Cmp\ornb^.'[D^^5t=b*i35tnit,v.D_5si.] 

, D3rP«, }T^, v. ™. 

fc^EflpTPK, v. St^pbStl. 

yt&I (b. h., ^S)' <w%, but. Pes. 5 a pSFi -[St the word 
akh (Ex. XII, 15 'but on the first [preceding] day') in- 
timates a division of the day between two categories as 
to the laws concerning that day. Kerith 7 a ; a. fr. — PL 
■past (d^ast) <Ae word aM i» tte Biblical texts. Y. Ber. 
IX, 14 b bot., a. e. yaWta "ppni 'St the afcA and the raft 
intimate limiting qualifications. 

:J<K II m. (v. tpst 2) affliction, calamity. B. Mets. 59 b ; 
v. ^att. Gen. B. s. 32, end; Tanh. Noah 9, ed. Bub. 3, 
cmp. preced. 

5JN III=?pSt, only with StTFi together. Targ. Prov. 
XXII, ~18 (ed. Vien. ^St). 

rVOfcOIK f. (asta) /ewer connected with pains, Fran 
'«■), a vers', for rViastast; q. v. 

b^fcON m. (dx*™^) «»afe. Ex. B. s. 38, end (ed. 
biBStast corr.' ace). 



N"D0N, UnSpN pr. n; pi. Okhbara. Kidd. 71 b Ar. 

(ed. tvta, ni»)I v."«sistn. 

■pOSSU^st. 

n mD^, Targ. Ps. CIV, 3 Ms., read ^"ftpst or 

iiiieax; v. st^^st. 

"lllDN Y. Succ. V, 55 b bot. read IVDa. 

SJ331TIPS, ^"TON, v. ^iast. 

I1DN, 1*03? m. (113, v. W3) [hollow, arched pitcher], 
euphem. for buttocks or extremity (testicles &c). Bekh. 



VI, 6 (40 a ) "S. Erub. 53 b (question as to spelling) 'ft 
or S? (Ms. M. 113.1*, "lias, Eashi mst, 1132; v. Babb. D. 
S. a. 1. note). V. P. Sm. s. v. MS 1691 sq. V. W3St, P51FI. 

Xt'ONi ch.(v.preced.)=XJ«. Taan.20 b Ms.M.,ed.S«la.- 

WQit, '&t "©D pr. n. pi. K'far Iccum. Y. Snh. X, 
29 c (Bab! ib. 110 b 135 'S; Joseph. B. J. II, 20, 6 Katpap- 
sxx<u) ; Tanh. (ed. Bub.) B'resh. 25 1SS (Var. Waist) ; 
Hull. 55 b W3iS; Y. Sot. VII, 21 c bot. blast (corr. ace; 
Bab. ib. 37 b 1SS). 

^IpN, 13DDSS!., "I|3N]3, *11pS m. (Pers. 
Kh w anga'r, Kh w algar, PL) table-steward, seneschal. Keth. 
61 a 'IS Ar. (ed. SUJIlast read StlSillSSt; Var. in Ar. splits, 
corr. ace.).— PL ^WlSSt. M. Kat. 12 a (Ar. '3SSt, ed. 'last, 
corr. ace, Ms. M. 'JITDSt, cmp. Babb. D. S. a. 1., a. vol. 
VIII, p. 75). [Pes. 40 b Ms. M. istp-nil3, ed. ipi1113, Ar. 
iplllia, prob. corrupt, of our w.] 

»l?3"11DN, ^"TON, p3")113 m. (v. preced.; 
Pers. Khorengah, Arab. Khawamak, PI.) dining place, 
dining hall in the garden. Targ. Y. Deut. XXXII, 50, 
SOasal ip .... 'St a royal banqueting hall (put up for 
the. wedding). Taan.l4 b ; Meg. 5 b (distinguishing between 
■pa, erection of a building, and FIST33, putting up a temp- 
orary structure), what is meant by 'putting up a tent 
of joy?'— a^asa sffl 'ast sbufi ni Ms. M. (Ar. '3; ed. 'ast, 
corr. ace.) it means one putting up a regal banqueting 
tent (for his son's wedding). Erub. 25 h 'SI '3St (ed. '3St) 
the Besh Gelutha was to have a banquet (on a Sabbath) 
in his garden. 

J^TlDit Targ.I Chr.1,7 ed. Bahm.; Targ. Y. Gen. 

x, 4 sfiast, v. sfiast. ■ 

D^IDSS pr. n. pi. (b. h.) Achzib (Ecdippa, Ecdippon), 
a sea-town in Northern Palestine. Y. Shebi. V, 36 b bot. 
he who travels 'StS 13Sa (Git. 7 b ; Tosef. Oh. XVIH, 14 
aiWS lasa) from Acco (Ptolemais) to Ach. (Chezib). 

I) J^, v. "Hjast. Denom. Nithpa. iJSStFfl to show one's 
self merciless. Num. B. s. 8. 

&OCS, l"T&C)pN m. (=b. h. Itast) cruel. Targ. 
Job XLl, 2 (1); a.e'.— Lam. B. introd. (B. Joh. 1) Sts^Dp 
'St merciless slaughter.— PL "psnisst. Targ. Deut. XXXII, 
33. Targ. J. II ibid. "WltSSt. 

n "lC^ m., JTHDN f. (b. h., r. US) cruel, merci- 
less ; also strictly just.' Koh. B. to VII,16; a. e. B.Bath. 
16 a bot— PL d^llast, diljast; fern. rWlta*. Pesik.E.s.44. 
Num. B. s. 8. [IbV s. 9 rrniast nia, read n^'nlSSt.] 

bN'HKDM, v. ssonsst. 

n^'njfP^ f. (b. h.) cruelty, severity; strict justice. 
Succ. 14 a ;Num. B. s. 10 (p. 239, ed. Amst.) 'St Frta the 
divine justice. Ib. s. 9, v. '^lSSt.— Esth. E. to I, 15 StSffl 
'Sta StSSt F\ia not according to law but with cruelty. 

rrnpx, v. ^a». 



rtos 



SSDDiS, Ab. Zar. 34 b Ar., v. X03X. 

' NT2DN, KQpiSS (6xrt!>) efcR Gen. B. s. 14 beg.; 
a. e. ; v.' Xa^X. Tanh. (ed. Bub.) B'midb. 21 IBpX. 

IS 3N|, n"0!S! pr. n. pi. Achaia, the Boman prov- 
ince including Peloponnesus and northern Greece, south 
of Thessaly. Targ. I Chr. I, 7 X^-ITDX (Var. p^S); 
Targ. Y. Gen. X, 4 XISX; Y. Meg. I, 71 b bot. X^3X (Gen. 
B. s. 37 Xibo^X), (for b. h. UVQ). [Sifre Num. 131 X^X, 

nb n D!S! f. (b. h.; b3X) eating, food, meal, dish. Y. 
Sabb.I,4 a top, a. e. Xbm p nb^3X (^Xbl-il, "-ill) the food 
Ben D'rosa used to eat, i. e. third done. Yoma 80 b libJ 'X 
excessive meal. lb. 81 a , a. fr. rrn33 'X wherever bsx (to 
eat) is mentioned in the Bible text, the size of an olive 
is meant. Y. Sot. Ill, 19 b top rata tlb^X the consump- 
tion (of sacrifices) on the altar. Zeb. 31 b ; a.fr. &1S 'X, v. 
Dna. Kil. II, 10, v. ntesjll.— PL nib'QX. Pes. 78 a . Gen. 
B.s. 86, beg. (play on b'i31X Hos. XI, 4) iiaih 'X (some ed. 
b"<3ix— nibiax corr. ace.) purveyances. 

i<FP"01tf ch. same. Targ. I Kings XIX, 8 (ed. Vien. 

xnb^V). 

*D 1 D&< m. (D3X) black (wine): Y. Gitt. VII, beg. 48° 'X 
piab 13,' v. p"ra&; (Y. Ter. I, 40 b D13X read our w. or 
M3!*=Ka'B , W); cmp. Gitt. 67 b . 

"]"0&$> "]5^ ( v - 1?) '****» * w **** manner. Y. Ber. 

Ill, 6 a '31 tt!3 *i3 'X is it thus man deals with his neigh- 
bor? Y.Keth.II, 26 c bot. '31 'X max blatlX yesterday thou 
saidst so, and to-day thou gayest otherwise; a. fr. V.'psn. 

D"D!tf Af. of D&3. 

■ "jOm y..TW?»V 

&031S m. (-j3X, cmp. X33) ground or pounded drug, 
poultice.^ Targ. Job XXX, 24', Var. for xmibSbX. 

nQDDN Targ. Prov. VII, 10, read XaBbX. 

5Dfct (b. h.; y^-X to rub, cmp. t}3X) 1) to gnaw, eat, 
consume. Inf. in Y. freq. b3ib=bi3xb.' Ber. I, 1 ; a. v. 
ft.— 2) trnsf. to absorb, occupy, take away. Y. Shebu. 
VII, 38 a 13 rf?31X tTOItin when interests gnaw on 
(absorb) the property. Y. Erub. IV, 21 d bot. Max "I 
'31 niteix four cubits entering into the area of Tiberias. 
Num. B. s. 4 nibsix rlinib na3 how mnch space did the 
tablets occupy &c? B. Bath. 14 a (interchanging with 
millX, Var. rff-niX, v. Babb. D. S. a. 1. note 5,, 6).— 
3) (euphem.) to sleep with. Keth. V, 9, differ, of opin. 
ib. 65 b ; Y. ib. 30 b top a. bot. 

Nif. b3X3 to be eaten &c. Zeb. I, 3; Ber. I, 1 ; a. fr. 

Pi. b3">x to consume, burn. Tam.1,4 rvna'iJBn nibwxan 
(Talm. ed. 'Wan) the thoroughly lighted coals in the 
centre; Y. Yoma II, 39 c . 

JE/f.y^xn to give to eat, cause to eat. Keth. V, 3 tQ*n 
'31 Voxa IJiXtheYabam does not transfer the privilege of 



eating T'rumah to his sister-in-law. Kidd. 31 a Vttlrta IB" 1 
'31 one may feed his father on pheasants &c; a. fr. 

Hithpa. a. Nithpa. bsxnn, texna l) to be consumed, 
burnt up, digested. Ber. VIII, 7 '31 b'sxniffl 113 IS Ar. (ed. 
'3>mii>) until the food is digested (or absorbed) in his 
bowels. Tarn. II, 1; a. e — 2) to be worn off, spent. Snh. 
VI, 12 Y. ed. 1tU3n 'xro (Mish. 6 '5>n3)_when the flesh 
of the ;corpse was gone. Cant. B. to IV j 4 MIX 'XP3 xbllJ 
■pa none of them was worn off. Kidd. 59 a Msan 'Xro the 
money was spent ; a. e. 

5DN, b'yA I ch. 1) same.— Inf. te^a, bca. Targ. 
Gen. if,' 16; a. T fr.— Y. Ter. VIII, 46 a *,lte^ -(inx 13 when 
they came and were about eating; ib. (more corr.) "|inx 
te^a; a. fr.— 2) with ixip prop, to eat (the bread of) 
destruction, eat the informer's bread, hence to inform 
against. Dan. Ill, 8; VI, 25.— Targ. Ps. XV, 3; a. fr.— 
Gitt. 56 a '1p 1M3 VoiX; Lam. B. to IV, 2 yinsip blS^X 
I will inform against them. 

Af. teix, tei'ix to give to eat, to support. Y. Ter. X,47 b 
bot. trb tltelX he gave it to him to eat. Gen. B. s. 48, 
end (read:) "nb rliplBK n^bsix hast thou given (thy guest) 
to eat? to drink? do escort him,, i. e. perform thy duties 
fully. Y. Kidd. I, 61 b '31 ^isxb ba-wa Mfl fed his father 



a &c; 



. fr. 



Ithpe. bsxrix, teaxiix, b-axnx to be eaten, consumed. 
Targ. Ps. LXVIII, 23; a. fr.' Tanh. Emor, 6 fcann tial 
'31 b^sxna; Lev. B. s. 27 '31 nt nal what is this? do they 
eat gold&c? Kidd. 59 a "texna Xp were eaten up (spent). 
[■tex Af. of ibs to cry, v. iba J 

bDSSlII (sec. r. of bl3) to measure. Ned. 5i a b-^b 

la ib please measure for me. Buth B. introd. 2 xn 

bl3X blptl nxb (read Dip flfixb) here is the bag and here 
the measure, get up and fill it; v. bl3. 

bas, v. b ? ix. 

tSy^A m. (tea) eater. Targ. Jud. XIV, 14. 

TSSl'bDiS, Targ.Ps. CIV, 21 Ms., ed. 'pbsx, v. ib? to cry. 

&G!?DNl m. (3b3; v. Ges. H. Diet. s. v.; cmp. 3lb3, 
ns^Vvar. lect. X3b3«, v. infra) shed, store-room. B. 
Mets.' 63l> "'XSbsxS . V .' . t)Tl (v. Var. lect. in Babb. D. 
S. a. 1. ; Mss. a. Ar. X3b3X) would my wheat have gone 
to ruin in my granary? Taan. 24 a (v. Babb. D. S. a. 1.). 
— PI. "'Sbsx. Gitt. 56 a '3T 'X )iffl} . . . X3bSX one shed of 
•wheat requires sixty sheds of wood (for baking), B. 
Mets. 72 b 'XT loin (Ms. M. i3b3X3, v. Babb. D. S. a. 1.) 
wheat stored in granaries &c. 

rDDi^I f., xra 'X (bsx) mud-eater, name of a par-' 
asitic T worm in fishes. B. Bath. 73 b (Ms. M. X5^a 'b3X; 
oth. var., v. Babb. D. S. a. 1.- note). 

n5DSlI, nDpi&t f.^^) occupied space. Kil. II, 
10 Y. T edT ']S5n nbix (Mish. 'ed. nbi3X; Y. Gem. 28 a 
nbsiX) the soil occup'ied by the vine roots, "Qph 'X the 
ground needed for the formation of the cave, i. e. as far 
as the roots &c. extend. 



Wfat, v. o;ft ? . 

"^"uDltf m. pi. (v. Nb'toix) public laborers, work- 
ing men. B. Mets. 77 a ; v., however, UBibsiK. 

" I 5D5< to «-#, Af. of ite. Targ. Ps. CIV, 24 'pbsx, 
some eel., read plttS*. 

N" '5jN f. (v. preoed.) Moise, cry. Targ. Job IV, 
10; a. T e. 

D'ODN Y, Ab. Zar. IV, 43 d , v. talK. 

"J^DIS m. {b^) a greedy eater. Y. Maasr. Ill, 50 d bot. 

■pbbD&t, v. ■,•*»>«. 

UjN ( |/"b3; omp. dh) to be sun-burnt, black, dark- 
colored. Nithpa. to be blackened. bsxna. Sot. I5 b lasxni 
ns the outside of the pot grew black (Var. lahfirO). 

■ "IQDSSl (='3h, onomatop.; cmp. "Sh Pi.) to cough. 
Kidd. 8i b top. im3 his SIIU 'X he coughed, and threw 
his phlegm into the cup. [Peril. 'X' Nb3 a black, dirty 
cup?] 

"1.MDN, v. 1M1SX. 

CODltf Tosef. Hull. Ill (IV), 27, v. bKiBSbSK. 

SSDDiS m.mad. (?) Gitt. 69 a (a word in a charm form- 
ula). Cmp. Soros. 

fcnitox, snn&D^, rmbaa f. (as pa , ex. 

edra) (Greek) a covered place in front of the house; 
(Boman) recess, parlor, hall for conversations and dis- 
cussions. Targ. Jud. Ill, 23. [PI. Targ. Ps. CIV, 3, v. 
SWiJiK.] B. Bath. 11 b SI iSTK the hall of the school 
house (philosophers' exedra, v. Sm. Ant. s. v.), contrad. 
to Knuari '8 (Ms. Oxf. smoTtt, v. Rabb. D. S. a. 1. 
note 10) Eoman exedra (open but surrounded by a rail- 
ing), lb. 25 ab '31 'S& dblS the world resembles an ex- 
edra the northernmost side of which is not covered 
(n331da Ms. M., ed. HSSlba not surrounded); a. fr.~ 
PI. hi&^bSS*. Tarn, 28 b ' ( 13S btt! 'X exedras forming, or 
belonging to, a structure (opp. to open exedra with 
plants). 

njHi(DpS< f. (ISopta) exile, banishment Lev. B. s. 
18 ibSI* (Ar.VllbS) (corr. ace). 

" I &D!^ Tosef. Kel. B. Kam. VII, 4 8lb»p 'X, read 
with B. S. to Kel. X, 1 fcOaap Hd3 [C)6t] E|S also the lid 
of a chest. 

lil^&pUj m. (o£u-yapov, oxygarum) a sauce of vin- 
egar andgarum; in gen. a sauce of all kinds of vegetables. 



Ber. 35 b bot. Ms. M. (ed. 'bSK) ; Yoma 76 a ; Shebu. 23 a . Tosef. 
Bets. II, 16. Y. Shebi. VIII, 38 a top 'ippX; Tosef. Ter. 
IX, 10; ib. Shebi. VI, 3 yilSiSb.— P/. ni^ibSX, abbrev. 
rvp'iab vegetable sauces, vegetables used for oxygarum. 
Shebi. IX, 5 ed. (Var. hlilib, JllilSb, nmib, Ms. M. 
niiliJh); Tosef. ib. VII, 13 ilBias read "i"i.llMX; Sifra 
B'har Par. II ch. 3 rvp-i13b (Eabad niilSbj'oorr. ace). 
[Koh. E. to XI, 9 l^i-jbaiX read ynaibSist.] 

i^DTpDiS f. (a£(u)|xa) request, petition. Midr. Till, 
to Ps!" VI,' end '=1 ':x di^Spa di^hX (corr. '3X) others 
receive the petition presented to him &As ffipSa ijif* ij» 
i^lB 'palidiX (corr. ace, insert bspn hfKMB) I only ask 
thatthou mayestreceive my petition thyself. Ib.t'oPs.CII 
hDlhS 1^125 'X "hh bx (read lbl»); [the entire passage is 
obscure and seems out of place]. 

BTtON, &T&D8 Gen. E. s. 46, v. OtjBb*. 

P"1"II3" I &DS, read 'pi-jitex, v. ■ "p-lBidiS. 

Tosef. Kil. V, 26, Var. of bib^S, v. 



lbb3!A. 



JT7t>DN, v. n;7ia?». 

*Dliib' 1 &PS, &3b&p5< m.&lrnoz) wood-carrier, 
forester. Men. 97 a 'Sib'common wooden vessels; Hag.26 b 
bjVbSN 1^33 Ar.(ed. diabbSX Ms. M. "jidSlbSN corr. ace). — 
Zeb. 94 a Xi^MS; iio (Ms. M. blabb3N) forester's apparel 
(leather covers &e); v. biabfax. 

sS^PDjiS f. (£0X7)7101) foresting; v. preced. 

D^bbDS, tflbtotf, v. bi^ib3«. 

*"bbDitt, fPb&DN, Tosef. Kil. V, 26 (ed. Zuck. 
bi.TOh dibits, Var. dibits, "iVtox) prob. 'jiiibibsis: di^3 
(^uXivoi) cotton clothes. 

■jODsSl. (denom. ofjbssil) to harbor a guest. Nithpa. 
"jbs&tti? to be received ; to lodge with. Midr. Till, to Ps. 
CXVI. 

"J&Pltf, fcOtOStfl m- (transpos. of SttSBK, v. DOb; h. 
Ihi) weaver's pin'. Targ. Jud. XVI, 13; 14; a.fr.— *Sabb. 
151 b iKTlSI 'S3 srtw 'iS« Ms. Oxf. a. Ar. (ed. SObiSSO; 
Ms. M. WiJI XiJbbX iba) even if the painting stick is 
as thick (with paint) as a weaver's pin. 

*1&0tf II, pi: tWttj*, v. next art. 

WMNn.read: ' 

"WtON or ''WbDIS, ^.toX m. (deriv.of S i ? b3X) 
stranger, guest, lodger; also (£e^os) hired soldier. ■ Y. 
Erub. II, end 20 b 'N3 htoSi let him he considered as a 
.stranger (transient lodger). Tosef. Shebi. V, 21 uObSS 
some ed. (ed. Zuck. r^? 8 ?^ P 1 -) soldier, v. x;?b3X 3).— 
Arakh. 16 b isOpNI 'S an occasional guest. Ib. d51& 'N 
bSBil a traveller (constantly changing his lodging place) 
discredits others a. himself; a. iv.—Pl. 'piJbSX (v. supra), 



V56S6I; Lev. E. s. 27. — i;)b3X, K^i&bX, "W»X. Targ. 
Y. ii Gen. XL VII, 21 -wM^i ''« exiled strangers. Gen. E. 
s. 50 'X pi^xb an give these travellers &c. — *ai3lMK. 
Num. B. s. 10 (p. 239 c ed. Ainst.) 'xn Ma custom 'of 
hospitality [proh. Xi3b3X]. 

*^7 ! I3&D«, iTTUbDN f. (v. rwmto*) on 

Alexandrian merchantman (Alexandria navis); trnsf. 
o %* mast (satyrically for cross, gallows). Targ.II, Esth. 
VII, 10 the son of Hamdatha wants to ascend 131 'Xb 
XH13S (Ms. y&vb) the mast of the son of Pandira (is 
to be hanged). Neg. XII, 1 X"i113b3X3 (marginal vers. 
in Mishn. edit., text X^lpbX, Var. XlbX, X^lbSX, X"il3dX 
q. v.) in the rigging. 

&^0&plS5 f. (Sevia) 1) hospitality, lodging. Ex. E.s. 
35 '31 TOSS 'X (Pes. 118 b , corr. ace) they were a lodging 
place to my children in Egypt (they offered hospitality 
to &o.).— 'X bss Aosf. Pesik. E. s. 11; cmp. ^paiilX.— 
B. Mets. 85 a nbffl 'X bs hltna mm scholarship likes to 
come around to its inn again (to be hereditary in the 
family); a. fr.— 2) (='K rfsss) ftosfess. B. Mets. 87 a one must 
inquire ibtB 'X3 after the health of his hostess.— 3) quarter 
given to troops on march or to transient poor men; also the 
passing troop, or the passing poor; (individ.) beggar. 
Targ. Job XXXI, 32; a. e.— B. Bath. ll b tall* 133 "*& 'X 
the quartering (of soldiers takes place) in proportion to the 
number of inmates (of each house). Dem. Ill, 1 ; v. Y. 
ib. 23 b top. Tosef. Shebi. V, 21 '=1 pi3b3X pbi=xa pX 
ed. Zuck. ( Var. X^3b3X nx) you are not allowed to give .... 
to soldiers quartered with you. T. Ber. IX, 13 b 'X "fin 
XHSlis this poor beggar. Ib. 'lbs 'x poor beggars. Lev. 
E.s. 34. Lam. E. to 1,1 ('Ilia in) 'X !t)3 13 a poor man. — 
4) a gathering of scholars entertained by the hospitable 
of the place. Y. Ber. IV, 8 b top 'xb piS3 leaving for 
the scholars' meeting. Bab. ib. 63 b 'X 11333 nns opened 
his speech in honor of hospitality to scholars. 

HW3&DN, JVP3DDN f. (v.preced.) 1) stranger's 
condition, exile. Sot. 36 b — 2) soldier's pay. Mekh. B'shall. 
Shirah 4; Yalk.Ex. 246; a. e. (interchanging with X"<3bSX 
q. v.). 

*^ODtf, VCTS) 'iS m. (readX311S13b3XXenopar- 
ochus) one who provides for strangers or soldiers, quarter- 
master. Y. B. Kam. Ill, 3 C top i"ittJ .... 'B 'X pin 
'31 rpJIUBniai (readniSYinajTab) it is permissible to bribe , 
the quartermaster (to let you off) before the Eomans 
enter (the place), but not after that (when one man's 
release from quartering duty Is a direct injury to the 
other inhabitants). 

*D«lD£t)DK, &11BD&D& Hull. 66 b , Ab. Zar. 
39 a 'SI . . . b31SX1 b31pX (v. Var. lect. Eabb. D. S. a. 1.), 
Tosef. Hull. Ill (IV), 27 '31 S33X bX">n&bS blablSI b^lp, 

restore bx^nxi (biisib3)JbjfSib3(s) bia^ei b^biptx) 
'31 (b^anxi) xoklaz, TTTjXau.u;, Sicpiac, advia.;, names of 
fishes (v. Greek Diet.) Colias, Pelamys, Xiphias, Athnias 
and Thunny; v. b31BX. 

XHfcOiK Tosef. Ohol. XVIII, 5, v. X"i13bX a. &011303X. 
—[V. also next w.] 



rHODItf f. (used as adverb ; a comp. of "|8 a. nib 
less or more, v. "Q3) in a lump, on measuring by sight. 
Dem. II, 5 (Ms. M. X13bX) ; Y. ib. Ill, 23 c 'X ",1310 he 
sells them in a lump (as many as there may be). Maas. 
Sh. IV, 2. Sifra B'hukk. Par. 4, ch. X; a. e. 

^DIS, ^OSSl, ch. (b. h. t|3X, j/rp, v. E)63), denomin. 
of S)318, to ride on a' saddled ass. Nid. 14 a '31 qrrtfll xn 
Ar. (ed. S)3a1=S]:3Xa Pa.) in the one case it means 
he rides on a saddled ass. [Cpi» Snh. 36 a , v. t)13.] 

stfSD^ m. (v. preced.) 1) load, weight. B. Bath. 69 a 
'XI ">33X stones to weight the sheaves down to protect 
them from the wind. — 2) a contrivance to carry loads, 
as a hand-barrow or hand-basket. Sabb. 66 b 'XI Xlan, 
v. paopw. Bets. 30 a (var. XBn"OX on the shoulder, v. 
Eabb. T>. S. a. 1.). 

fiBDK, v. next w. 

r©DN, riBD^s (r©?^) f. (R 3x ; m P . b.h. t^ 

burden, care, solicitude, followed by - V of the person 
concerned. Targ. I Chr. XXI, 13 nB?->X.— Y. Sot. V, 20 b 
top tvb nS3X ixa Xrvai what concern is the Temple to 
him? Taan. 25 a ~|i '"<X "WQ why should that trouble 
thee ? B. Mets. 40 a '31 'X ifcta "Ol what do the mice care 
whether &c. Koh. E. to IV, 1 tV*? "V* na ffl what con- 
cern is it to this one (if the other sinned), i. e. why 
should he suffer for it?; a. fr. Pesik. E. s. 10, beg. "W 
art) will people care for them (miss .them) ? Git. 62 a 
nib nS3X x!»nB3a should he not care for it? Cmp. HS3. 

"138, &CI3K, v.. -X. 



DIID^ m. (=3113 q. v.) cabbage. Y. Sabb. Ill, 5 cl 
top. Num. E. s. 7.— Y. Bets. V, 63 a 'X ioblp cabbage 
heads. 

*D ; HDS, % D1H2K, '3N m. (d13=bip; y-a) 
covering, boating. X11p3 p»31x''X a coating of blackness 
like a pot. Targ. Jer. VIII, 21 (h. text lip). Targ. Joel 
II, 6; Nah. II, 11 (h. text 111X2). Cmp. Slip. 

*2?T"plK Y.Maasr.I, 48 d top, read 3113X; cmp. nbp. 

flPDlS! f. h.=ch. XM13X. Y. Meg. IV, 75 b top, expl. 
mip3niJX, v. niJX; y'. Keth. XI, 34 c ; Y, Snh. I, 19 b 

b&CJ"pi< pr. n. [the herald of God], Akhr'ziel, 
an angel.' Yalk. Deut. 940. Deut. E. s. 11 '"ni3K (corr. 
ace). 

X7)1"pfc$ f. (=h. nnsn; ra) proclamation announcing 
public' sale, whence, auction, cmp. t"i15X.' — B. Mets. 3b b 
'X ia"i time appointed for public sale. Keth. 100 b ib33 
'XI property sold at auction. Ib. for capitation-tax &c. we 
sell 'X X^3 without previous announcement; a. fr. 

JWI/2~DI$ Midr. Till, to Ps.XIX,5, Yalk. ib.X^Bl3 
pr. n., prob. a corrupt, of KWia ^S Britannic Isles. 



i*K 



S&Fjy JJS? f. (S"is) prop, balancing, hence balances, 
scales, weighing. Pesik. B'shall.p. 82 a 'si "ps-osi 'S3 in 
the way they weighed, they were weighed. [Cmp. Buber 
1. c. note 43.] 

&CR""|iKD!tf f. ("lias) propriety, proper me. Targ. 
Koh. X, 10T ' 

TDitf (coiitr. ofi'h 8P0S3 IN) a scholastic term in Talm. 
Bab., 8ft??, even now, yet Meg. 2 a '31 PPi isaa 'XT and 
still the plural form is needed. Yonia 27 a ; a. fr.— iFQOTa 
since, up to that time. B. Hash. W b . 

jOrDS m. (P3S, v. P. Sm. 191; cmp. SOSS, D3S, 
Pibas, pS) venomous, vindictive. Targ. Prov. XH, 28 Ms. 
Luzz. (v.Pesh., a.LXXb..c); [soineed. SSP.ms, v. nna; 

*wwv»; h. text 'si is wrfti] 

~l?Jj!S m. (v. preced. ; ^format., cmp. *iplab)#reems/i, 
blighted.' Y. Dem. II, beg. 22 11 is there no rice in Hulta? 
KlPi 'S it is greenish. 

^"H£13S m. (IPO) [divine crown], pr. n. Akhtriel, 
a divine surname (attribute). Ber. 7 a . 

J iS, D 37!^ Albam, a formula of permutation of 
letters wherein the first interchanges with the twelfth, 
the second with the thirteenth, &c. Num. B. s. 18 ii*3B 
sial S"3?S3 Tabel in Albam reads Bawifa. Sabb. 104 a . 

"3N a prefix,' =is; e. g. rYisTaWPiiK (=ni121SPi is) 
appointed over treasures, v. ~s. 

>(S (b.h.) mo?, mo (according to Talmud a milder form 
of prohibition than si; v. Y. Pes. VI, 33 b ). Aboth I, 3.— 
i-ippi is (abbr. n"S), v. sis. Taan. 1 l a '=1 MST 'X shall 
not live to see &c.; a. v. fr. • 

>£> (b. h.; ilS fo £wr») prep. ?o, toward.— PI., with 
preBx a a. suffix of pers. pron., of itself, of my (his &c.) 
own accord, on my (his &c.) authority. Yoma 5 h iisa si 
not on my own authority. Orlah I, 2 l^isa PlilSPl grow- 
ing spontaneously.— Y. Peak VII, 20 b bot. its sacred 
character llai visa they did derive from itself (i.e. 
from the wording' of the law itself).— Hence xi^aa, v. 
si^a. 

5!SS m. (b. h.; v. iis) GW. Shebu. 35 a divine names 
which dare not be erased are El &c. Taan. 6 h bot.; a. fr. 

!X5Stf buttress, v. si^S. 

fcOStf I ?o ?<z»wew?, v. iiK. 

SsbiS; II m. club, bat. Targ. Cant. VIII, 5 ; v. XP&S. 

N?X (N?1S) (contr. of si ^S=xi DX) 1) t/"no?, ea- 
cepf, 6m?, ow?^. Targ. 0. Ex. XV, 11 PX 'X mi none but 
thou, none besides thee ; a. e.— Ber. V, 1 '31 'X ... . •plalS b pX 
one must stand up, for prayer in .no other disposition 
but that of humility. — Snh. 4 a PllBitB 'X )n si he 
did only three times. Ber. 1, 1 '31 'X (llaX) laia M Nil and 



not only in this case they said so, but wherever &c. lb. 
5 a WlSain 'X IS'iaiP ilpn is read not , th'lamm'dennu 
(i-hou instructest him) but th'lamm'denu (thou teachest 
us) ; a. ,v. fr. — 2) (ellipt.) (you cannot say anything ex- 
cept . . .) but, a logical inference excluding all other 
explanations &c. lb. 30 b XittJ xi''X but (the conclusion 
is proven) there is no difference. lb. "1 las 'X but, said 
E .... we may derive it &c; a. fr. 

'SSTQS^bSS, read 'isip, v. SToBip. 

fcO^lbg*, HD'SblS (ais to cut; cmp. C|in, e^n, 
SSiifi &c.) a bundle of shoots, broom. Y. Meg. II, 73 a 
(for b. h. SBSB-o). 

SSDB^N m. (v. preced.) young shoot of the palm-tree, 
thin pointed branch. PI. "psaix, X"^3aix. Cant. B. to 
VII, 9 the palm ... has no' less 'piai's -pjiiXPih )n 
(strike out "p5i"<S) than three new (cutting) shoots. lb. in 
our place they call PT V1 303& X^saixi the young shoots 
sans'naya (h.Q-O&JD). [Num. E. s. 3, beg., in Hebr. diction, 
■piiasx, fr. aiS, cmp. as; prob. to be read pjiaix.] 

HJ n D|bi< m. (b. h., cmp. ffl-'Ss' Job XXVIH, 18, a. 
Targ. a. 1.) hail, hailstone (crystal). Ber. 54 b (playful 
etymol. ffl^X 3S is). 

SS^ZSfiilbX m. pi. (=b. h. d^ix) name of a tree. 
Targ! II Chr. II, 7 (8). [lb. IX, 10; 11 XiiJlais, reading 
the h. text as in I Kings X, 11.] V. aiaix. 

I^DWiS Tosef. Maasr.III,14 v Var. ed.Zuck., v. b^lS. 

■nba, D^bss=^is,^is,v.B% 

*"I5&J to curse, v. "ix. 

5"D&J f. (b. h.; Piis, yis to point, cmp. IIX a. "iPi) 
imprecation, curse. Sot. II, 5 (I7 a ); a. fv.—Pl. Piix. 
lb. a. e. T 

TyVR c. pi. (b. h.; v. preced.) these, those (cmp. i-tn). 
Ex. B. s. 30 v'elleh (and this) adds to the preceding (con- 
tinues), elleh (these) restricts. V. lis. 

n?SS f. (b/h.; v. preced. ws.) terebinth. Shebi. VII, 5. 

JlbiS Sabb. 90 a Ar., v. si"iS3. 

ti?& f. (b. h. Josh. XXIV, 26; v. SPfes) [pointed, 
prominent] 1) lance, fork. Kel. XVI, 8 'KPMIBPI, v. ^Bh. 
Pes. 57 a 'jnfesa ii ilS woe to me (I am afraid) of their 
fork (weapon). Sabb. VI, 3 (63 a ) ed. (Ms. sis); Y. ibid. 
8 b (expl. "ppi"^!).— 2) sign-pole, used in the bam as a 
mark. lb ; Y. Maasr. I, 49 a bot. ; Tosef. Ter. Ill, 1 1 
'XPi ^psipittta (ed. Zuck. IBSPiiffia, corr. ace.) as soon as 
the sign-pole (fork) is removed (indicating that the grain 
is ready for use and priestly gifts). 

FlbsS, SSnbiS, fib^ m . ch. (=h. Wis) God. Dan. 
Ill, 28;'" a. fr.— Targ. o". Deut. XXXIII, 26;' a. fr.— Lev. 
E. s. 5, end 31 Piis PS Ar. (ed. mix). Y. B. Mets. II, 8° 



rflflbs 



WWI linnbx the God of the Jews. Y. Snh. X, 28 b — 
PI. (also plur. majest.) 'pribsf;. Dan. II, 11; a. e.— XifibiS;. 
Jer. X, 11. Targ. Ps. CXXXVI, 2 SWibit ^Slbst the' God 
of gods. [Gen.B. s. 26 '31 'X 13» steals (read ',li-lbs<) when 
priests rob — who would swear by their god?] lb. (ref. 
to Gen. VI, 2).— Lev. R. s. 33 S*i*rjba< .... T^lp "jan there 
(in Rome) they call their kings gods. 

^'^biSl, rWfo&t f.(v.preced.)Z>e%,dwm%. Gen. 
R. s. 46 inihlbxb "ns— iblSH 'pxti) the universe and what 
it contains, are but inadequate manifestations of his 
divinity; a. e. lb. s. 66 lMrTlbN ~b }m (some ed.) may 
he impart to thee his divine power; v. next w. — iYiiribK, 
v. rribs<. 

ND^nblS! oh. same. Targ. Cant. VIII, 1 ; a. e. Gen. 
R. s. 66 Ar. (v. preced.). 

D^'btf, v. *&*. 

vrs^» Trrr^ h* ^^ iut that > ««&*») except, 

only. Targ. Gen. XXXII, 27 ; a. fr.— 'St £]X even om^, i. e. 
so roucA tte more (or fess), wot to say. Targ. I Kings 
VIII, 27 ; II Kings V, 13. V. -,rlb; omp. S&!*. 

T91Sj, IT 1 !!* c. pi. (b. h. n|«, q. v.) 1) these, the follow- 
ing. B. Mets. II, 1 ; a. v. fr.— 'XI 'X Soift. Zeb. V, 2 ; a. v. 
fr. *[2)(interrog.)«eAW? Pesik.R. s. 29 (—30, ed.Priedm. 
p. 138 b ) "pOSO ibitfb in which of them shall we trust? 
Pesik. Nahamup. 127 b sq.; Yalk. Is. 307 Ml ijtb, TPS<b.] 

I^N, v. 6-SJ. 

15^! (=snst, v. nbsj) oeMd. Dan. II, 31; a. e. 

S*"i* m. (aXor), prob. of Semit. orig.) the impissated 
juice of aloes, used as a purgative. Git. 69 b Ar. (ed. 

am)**). 

•yfefibs, v. r6Pi*»»*p«. 

■wba, ^liba, wb, ^bri, 'rbn (b . h . *) 

oft that! Targ. Y. II Num. XXIII, 10; a."e. Targ. Ex. 
XVI, 3, a.fr. (^ib).— Targ. Y. ib. XXXII, 30 (h. text iblX) 
—Num. R. s. 2. Gen. R. s. 9; a. fr. *[Targ. Y. II Num. 
XXIV, 23 iVjb&t, Y. I \\ woe!] 

SmbS m., pi. Bilbsj (v. 6Mbit) aloe-wood. Y. Keth. 
VII, end, 31 d ; Gen. R.' s. 15, v.'JB^. V. also pi>8. 

nibNt m. (b. h.; v. bst) (?od P£. *»<$«*. tairftst, cmp. 
bx— EPS-lb'stri by God! Sabb. 145 a ; a. fr. [1 is freq. sub- 
stituted for n as t^bx, *nbx, Wi esp. in Targ. Y. ed. 
Sab.] tnpbx, ch. Stpbi*, adopted in order to avoid utter- 
ing the divine name. B.Kam.l06 a ; cmp'. "pisbst, iBl&i&l&c. 
— PL rrirrftx 1) deities, powers. Y. Ber. IX, beg. 12 d . 
Lev. R. s. 4. — 2) biblical verses containing the. word El, 
Elohim &c. Y. R. Hash. IV, 59 c . 

rwribsj, v. «n^. 
mtTibN,y.RS«. 



«TibN, rmba, 



v. s*ibs<, nibs. 



■wnba, v. i^ 

D n Tlbi< (Subs* Ar.), v. filbs. 

Plb« (D^b?, l^lb?) m. pi. (v. K$K) tte 
herbaceous plant aloe, a kind of cress. Y. Shebi. IV, 35 h 
bot.; Tosef. ib. I, end (ed. Zuck. 'Klbs, oth. ed. 'plbi', 
•pubs) '=1 'SW1 fix 'palpal you may (in the Sabbath year) 
let the aloe grow on the top of the roof, but you must 
I not water it. 

NiTllbN, StfrP^Tlb^ f. ch. (=h. rnb) escort, recep- 
tion on' arriving and leaving. Y. Maasr. II, 49 d other 

people ^b SWTO1B mrTHlbx rrfn (read SW ) who do 

not frequently meet with a reception (an offer of refresh- 
ments &c). Ib. '31 ninii1lb5(=bN1)who may fairly expect 
a reception. Cmp. (WI^S. 

nTOlbft.Y.wtBMbsn. 

OTO^ Ar. read STfibl*. 

&tirfilbi< B. Bath. '73 a , v. KrY^X a. t*nbt*. 

b^biS! m. (b. h.) EM, the sixth month of the Hebrew 
calendar, containing twenty nine days, varying between 
the seventh of August and the second of October. R. 
Hash. I, 1. Ib. 19 b ; a. fr. Y. Shek. Ill, beg. 47 b bot. iJ2 
'X animals born in Elul, Targ. Y. Num. XIV, 37 blb^St. 
Targ. H Esth. Ill, 7. 

■plblba, pablbN,,, Tosef. Kel. B. Bath. VI, 9 
read 'pa'ibai*. 

"'blbjS! m . (denom. of blbx) born in EM. PI b^blbs, 
■p*b*lbiK. Y. Shek. Ill, beg. 47 b ; a. e. 

^ba, Tfe^ba, , -j-febiba, v. ^. 

Dlbfct m. (hbtf; ybx, cmp. nbtt, abn &c.) a mucilagin- 
ous plant (cmp. Lat. Alum), prob. Silphium, a kind of 
Laserpitium or Asafostida. T'bul Yom I, 5 (Var. in Ar. 
Dib^s, mbn). Cmp. bbx. 

SSEfibltf m. ch.=next w. 2).— PI. K^Blbst. Targ. Ruth 
II, 7; T 15. 

JT^bSS! f. (b. h. Siabst; that) 1) binding, making 
sheaves. Pe'ah VI, 9 (10) 'sib . . . ntt grain stalks intended 
for binding sheaves thereof (but not for binding the 
latter into bundles of sheaves 1a>, Maim.)— [For binding 
sheaves therewith R. S.].— 2) sheaf. Ex. R. s. 31.— PL 
nixfibst. B. Mets. 22 b sq. large sheaves, opp. !YOi"0. 



"p'bai 



jl m. (b. h.; v. nb«) oak.— PI. d^ibst. Gen. R. 
lalba 'X the bibl. allonim means b'lutin, v. trtba. 
[Ib. 'X d-Wabst read d^lbx, v. .Tjbs, Mab ; S<]. R. Hash. 23 a 
iaaia '», v. xaate; B.Bath, so^^aia 'si, v. toi?i:a. [Gen. 
R. s. 60 (play 'on hallazeh Gen. XXIV, 6) rfl 'si he is an 
oak (of fine appearance); Rashi refers to next w.] 



T&K 6 

"JlbS II m. (&XX0; ace.) awoiAer. Gen. B. s. 81 in 
Greek allon means tW; Pesik. Zakh. p. 24 a "nh'K (read 
ins) another (one more). 

rPtaD/D^I (rYWfc&t) (interchanging with TTVifib 
q. v.) f.' (B&, 'to cover, wrap, cmp. I Sam. XX, 10, a. takb 
in H. Diet.; 3 inserted) wrapping cloth, sheet, bathing 
clothes. Sabb. 40^ 'Bilbx dlK fima (Ms. M. wbx, Tosef. 
ib. HI (IV), 7 nhSlVl*) one may warm a sheet on the Sab- 
bath to put it on the stomach; T. Sabb. XIX, 17 a hot. 
[Gen. E. s. 80 to put on a wound, prob. next w.] — Sabb. 
147 b (Ms.M. always TfllbK, Ar. t«lV). Men.72 a .— Y. Erub. 
VIII,25 b top.— PI. niX''B?!vbxSabb.XXII,5 (147 a ). Ib.l47 h 
niBilbS ,11»Sa (read fTi&OB . . ., or WB . . .). Tosef. ib. 
XVI (XVII), ls'ntoifcK (Var. nis^asibx, nisrasib). Ib. 17 
m«BS*s» (Var. rWas^). 

sTl^taD^bSlI, corr. rYW*** (rV*l£«) f., pB^X m. (a 
corrupt. 'of ol'vavOr), olviv&ivo?, oenanthe, oenanthinus; 
cmp. 'jl'niPiX as to i a. b) made of the grape (or leaves) of 
wild vine (oenanthe), whence 1) an aromatic water, Y. 
Ber. VI, 10 d he who sprinkles Tfl^St cenanthe. — 2) an 
unguent. Y. ib. I, 3 a top 'SI 'Jllbx. ^SO (corr. ace.) you 
may oint a sick person with cen. on the Sabbath. Y. Sabb. 
XIV, 14° bot. 'pftrtiS. Y. Shebi. VII, beg. "37 b 'at hjtxi 
"p^SFfc . . . (read T\T\ . . . .) except oen. which is only 
for children (after circumcision).— 3) a WM»e(vinumoenan- 
thinum), used esp. after bathing. Ab. Zar. 30 a (expl. as 
a mixture of old wine, pure water and balsam) ; Sabb. 140 a 
'Bi*K ed. (Ms. M./Wlbx). Hull. 6 a wine to be put "prf> 
'Hfl into a mixture called aluntith; Tosef. Dem. I, 24. 
Y. Bets. I, 60 d top. 

"|WDlbS, v. ^A*. 

SD31 3S m. (=»S3^ q. v.) spear-head, javelin. PI. 
Wftst/Git.^O 3 ^ttilSn 'X3 (Ar. "05£a) with Persian 
(poisoned) javelins. 

riTplbS, v. wwa** 

■' &™&ibs, v.&^x. 

^ItS m. (b. h.; tffe&t) jwiwee, c^ie/ 1 . Gen.B.s. 20 beg. 
CiblS blB iSlbfct the world's chief (Aleph, i. e. Adam). 

©15S pr. n. pi. (b. h.) Alusk, one of the stations of 
the Israelites on their journey to Kanaan. Yoma 10 a . 
Gen. B. s. 48 (play on lushi, Gen. XVIII, 6). Y. Bets. 
II, beg. 61 a . 

mbS Pesik. B. s. 22 'X Y'3, read Siistbia, v. ^!Q. 

SriliS f. (v. HtlV&t) apiece of aloe-wood. Bets. 33 b ; 
v. sn^st.' 

SfflbS, v. mty< a. Wrfe*. 

V WobS, ?T Wt^S, Gen. B. s. 8 -|»*J 'X 
" ' ' ., Yalk. Ps. 834 f&ari>l* OlbSh," 



prob. yw?SB>it (v. "bit a. BiMB) cAie/" of the court-cere- 
monies (i. e. the angel of Truth); Bashi: seal (?). 

^EibS (&£tt)) fir-trees. ■ Tanh. T'rum. 9 '» IDTO 
Bibl. b'ro'sh means /srs. 

""jWbS, 113^, a corruption of ,WB^ for 
•fiS'TOK? m. (IdvQtvov, Aqaila Ex. XXV,' 5) violet-colored. 
Koh.' B. to I, 9 "B^K; Y. Sabb. II, 4 d (expl. bibl. i»nn as 
a color 153X dfflb, v. Ges. H. Diet. s. v. ttilTS). [Esth. B. 
to I, 6 fttiiB (Var. TO^B) read ■p^BS'ip'"']' 

"bSl, H3S (b. h. j/bit, v. rfet; cmp. njn,3p3 &c.) 
to curse. Sifrl Num. 18 (ref. to Num. XVIII^ 21) rbtb 
'31 m 'plat lirMB 'as a curse' means that people shall 
curse by her (pointing to her), 'may happen unto thee 
what happened to '. 

"^SlI, SjS (=b^, v. S^X) to lament, wail. Targ. 
II Sam. I, 17; a. e. 

Pa.fctk* same. Targ. Jud.XI,40ns6«i (someed.na6i>6). 

"OS mourning, v. BttJ^I* and arrest. 

S^S, Nibs, v. a^x. 



os^bs r 
sspbs ( 



fcrtiX q 



•., ed. "]blt5 'Sst t^DSfi . . 



(=^-^K=" 1 ^" : b?) according to the opinion, in 
the sense of. B.Kam. 13 a , a. fr. "Sal '&t in whose sense? in 
accordance with whom? Sot. 21 a Stiroiiil 'it in accord, 
with the adopted decision. Sabb. 28 b , a. v. fr. "11 'St in 
the sense, developing the opinion, of B. — . 

rP 5S f. (b. h. ; ilV; v. infra) attachment, whence 1) (cmp. 
3M, itdaia) tail, fat-tail. . Ab. Zar. 25 a (ref. to I Sam. IX, 
24) what means v'healeha (and that which is upon [or 
by] it)? 'XI pllti that means the leg (with thigh) and the 
fat- tail. '31 rrtwil "Wa and why is it called 'and that 
which is upon it'? Because the leg is near the fat-tail 
(back). Hull. 117 a ; a. fr.— 'X isbs (Ar. s. v. ^3; ed. 
wf? isVs, Mss. H*b) towards the tail! i. e. just the reverse !, 
reverse it. Pes. 5 b ; Sabb. 93 b ; Ab. Zar. 75 a ; a. fr. [Bashi: 
tirrjb iS^>3 where are you turning to?] — 2) ear-lap. Keth. 5 b . 

'iri^bS (b. h.) pr. n. m. Eliyahu, Elijah, the great 
prophet in the days of Ahab, freq. represented, in Talmud 
and Midrashim, as intervening in behalf of the pious 
and punishing wrong-doers, and expected, in the Messi- 
anic days, to clear up doubts and prepare the heavenly 
kingdom; omp. Mai. Ill, 23.— Ber. 58 a , a. fr. 'X xnx 
'31 i"I"b i»TiJt B. came and appeared to him in the dis- 
guise of &c. Gen. B. s. 33, a. fr. aiB^> list 'X xnx E., 
whose memory be blessed, came &c. B. Mets. I, 8 (37 a ), 
a. fr. 'X SiaittJ IS H31H XS-n let it be deposited until E. 
shall come (and decide to whom it belongs, i. e. an in- 
definite time until the matter be cleared up). Men. 45 a ; 
a. fr.— -ttrtsj: Tit) Seder Eliyahu, name of a lost Tal- 
mudic treatise, divided into Seder Eliyahu Babba (Large) 
and S.E.Zuta (Small). Keth. 106» (of legendary origin). 

S^lJTbS pr. n. m. (b. h.) Elihu, one of Job's friends. 
Y. Sot. V, end, 20 d . Yalk. Job 919. B. Bath. W\ 



W^^> n -.?T^ 0>- h.) pr. n. m. Stoemt, a 
highpriest. jar. Ill, 5. 

."Jl" 1 ?!^ m - (V^i v - n ^) ^wm6, ^reai foe. Pi 
diiiibx. Pesik. E. s. 31 WW 'i.iiibx their thumbs; Midr. 
Till, to Ps. CXXXVII. 4; Talk, a! 1. 

flTblS!, WT" 1 ^, '^tf ch. same. Targ. Ex. XXIX, 
20 ; a. : e.'— GitT 69 a Xjiii^xi K1B1B (Eashi XJi^X, oorr. 
ace.) the nail of the thumb.— Pi X^i^X. Targ. Ps. 
CXXXVII, 4 pS-nssa ifr™"^ iXlb ISBp (missing in some 
ed.) the Levites cut their thumbs off with their teeth ; 
v. quot. in preced. 

TitabTba, v. r^x. 

. Wtbtf, v. irrts. 

b^bi^bw, v. ^. 

8Z]V?# f. (ibxll) wail, eulogy. Targ. Job III, 7; v. 

XffiijJiX. ' 

O^biSiH^'pbstf pr. n. pi. ('EXsodsporoXii;) Eleu- 
t.Jieropolis (Freetown), an Idumean town corresponding 
to Hori (Gen. XIV, 6). Gen. E. s. 42 (ed. corrup. 'SUBa) 
read with Ar. 1113115 'X MMX Xllp inaVi 'X ilinn tixl 
nmrt 1Mb IXSil nniX ... they selected it for their 
residence and made themselves independent. 

pi~))T?^ pr- n- Allihrok, name of an Egyptian 
eparchy or nomos, prob. Heracleotes. Targ. Y. Gen. X, 
6 ; I Chr. I, 8 (h. text. BIB), ed. Eahm. pinn^X (Var. 

pirnbx). 
. WFbX, v. Koiftjin. 

rrnb$ v. *#«. 
■jbb^ba, v . p.^. 

rP^S, lYON f, Cbxil) female waiter. Kel.XVI, 7 

'X ittJ FrWal the wailer's musical instrument. lb. XV, 6. 
— Ch. Xnibx q. v. 

Tbltf m. (V?K to roll, sec. r. of VlX; cmp, bin a. dib>5) 

1) (cacophem.)iM. Ab. Zar. IV, 3 (Talm. ed. 1"S); a.e.— 
Pi diM=X : . 'X hlias (abbr. x"S) idolatry; also tetoJ (cmp. 
SiXli). Snh. 97 b . Yoma 9 b ; a fr.— 2) off al of meat, v. bbx. 

5' 1 !pK ch. same.— PI. K*M?IS. Targ. Y. Lev. I, 2. 

1 J 1 JN| (=V*i) fo ZaweM*. Targ. Is. XV, 4 (XIV, 31); 
Joel I,' i'l. 

b^S Pa. of bbx. 

XT5X m. (v. preced.) spy.— PI. ^S, Targ. Gen. 
XLIL* 9; a. e. (ed. Berl. 'ibx). 

. Q" 1 ^, 1) 'X ma pr. n. pi. Beth-Elim, near Mount 
Tabor." Gen. E. s. 99 beg. Mekh. Yitb.ro s. 5 (dinbx).— 

2) diix pi. of V;X q. v. 



, D^ba, v. dbx, 

D^!S, KH>« m, NH^ f. (dbx) strong, in- 
fluential; violent. Targ.Y. Gen. XXV, 23; a. e.— Git. 60 b , 
a. fr. 135 'XI bs whoever is in power wins (right of 
possession in cases in which the judge is unable to de- 
cide). Hull. 39 b xabx IBiJiK a powerful man (defying 
the law).— Keth. 14 a aria Tn\> 'X to him the positive 
assertion is the stronger argument. — PI. iai;>X Hull. 76 a 
thick (sinews). Kid. 59 a 'XI X5X3 a village community 
of violent men.— Fern. Kidd. 44 b ni3X lip 'X ia is she 
as strong, has she the same authority as her father 
has? B. Mets. 34 a 'jhianaa 'X ia is (the Boraitha) stron- 
ger (less pliable) than our Mishnah ?— Hull. 48 b XFra^sX 
the strong, thick (pin).— Pi Xriaifex. Yeh. 43 a 'X strong, 
thick combs. 

Wybtt, v. preced. 

"NQ'bKl, XD^X i) (=T» if; ib=xb not; xa 
quidem, somehow) unless, but for (followed by _ U5; cmp. 

xbabxi). Num.E. s.18, end 'SI 'aSaffl ia i« but for 

the sticky substance in the nose intercepting the evil 
smell.— 2) (=Xa->feiX if somehow) if (ruling the verb 
without mediation of a relative; cmp. xbab^X 2). lb. 'X 
'31 ntOBin if (the harsh ringing sound) should take a 
permanent hold of his ear, it would be bound up (with 
his body, sub. 13b3 as in Tanh. Hukkath 1, where our 
w. is substituted by xbab : X).— 3) v. Xa^X. 

a^blSill, 'V« Q*T?b$) m. 1) mute, v. xa^X. 
Targ.VEx. IV, 11.— *2) thick',\. difex. Hull. 76 b . 

Nffia^, STliaVX f. (dbx I) strength, force. 
Targ.Job XXX, 2U TaVg. Y. Ex. XXV, 2. Cmp. Xab ; 1X. 

JSDD/ 1 ?^ m. (dbx 3) mute. Targ. Ps. XXXVIII, 14 
Ms. (ed. XJa^X). 

XmhX, v. d^X. 

*O^X, D^b^ (D^b^) m., only in pi. OT^ 
pB^X &c. T (d^X,' cmp. pVx in Hebr. Diet. a. Sbl, .ySI) 
ruins, debris. Lev. E. s. 19 (referring to Amos VI, 11) 
'bx rTflia W SlOi&l pin (read Xb^dl) of what is dem- 
olished by making breaches,' there remain ruins, "pim 
'iX fffa. PA XSipS while of what is demolishedby chopp- 
ing, no ruins remain; Koh. E.to X,18 (corr. ace); Cant. 
E. to IV, 14. Cmp. xna and b^X. 

■pE&iba, ila&'ibs, ila&'^n m . ( ^imt<5«, 

ace, fr.'.^)X,i££«>i v. Gr. Diet.) ffl luscious wine (vinum 
dulce) for which the grapes were to be dried in the sun 
for three days, after which they were gathered and 
trodden on the fourth during the full fervor of the mid- 
day heat (Sm. Ant. s. v. Vinum; Columella XII, 27). 
Men. VIII, 6 pabl^X Mish. (Ar. ed. Koh. 'd"^X, Talm. 
ed. 86^ piBO^rt,. 'bin). B. Bath. 97 b p-Jbubx Ar. (Var. 



a. ed. yiBQiWl; Ms. VtBbXbfil, ITOb^rtl; v. Babb. D. 
S. a. 1.). Tosef. Men. IX, 9 (from which B. Bath. 1. c. is 
quoted) IIBB^S. 

"HS^blS; pr . n. m. Eliezer, 1) servant of Abraham. 
Gen. B. s. 44; a. fr. 2) several Tanaim: a) E. ben Hyr- 
oanns; E.b. Jacob, E. bar Zadok, disciples of B. Johanan 

b. Zaccai of the second gener. — b) E. b. Judah, E. b. 
Matathias; E. b. Hisma, of the third gener. — c) E. hak- 
Kappar, a late member of the fifth gener. 

D^blS, Y. Shebi. IV, 35° top, read b^abx. 

Hp" 1 ?!^ m. (sXtS, ace. . . xa) wind-lass for launch- 
ing ships.' X Sabb. VII, 10 c top, read: ^SSt 1&5al ]Hn 
'xb "pbam ijab he who pitches wood for vessels or ropes 
for a wind-lass. 

^I? 1 -?^' ^I?" 1 ??^ ( a disguise of difibx for the pur- 
pose of avoiding the utterance of the divine name, cmp. 
FiSbx) by God! forsooth (ironically). Pesik. Bahod. p. 
io4 a na sain tik "bx Ar. (ed. xnx i», Ms. Oxf. ipibst 
■^X) forsooth, I shall propose to her, i. e. do you believe 
I shall &c? Cant. B. to I, 4 '31 )mi ijk 'isbx forsooth 
(do you believe) I shall give &c. [V. Pesik. 1. c. note 81.] 

D^btf (b. h.) pr. n. m. Eliakim. Ab. <Zar. 58 a 
B. El.'attendant of Babba. ; '' y 

in^N' read «;■#*. 

*3?t£5' 1 ^ pr. n. m. Elisha, 1) the prophet, Ber. 10 b . 
Gen. B. s. 25; a. e. — 2) E. ben Abuyah, sumamed IfiX, 
q. v. Aboth. IV, 20. M. Kat. 20 a — 3) one E. sumamed 
di&33 bsa 'winged'. Sabb. 49 a ; 130 a . Y. Ber. II, 4 C bot. 

vstirbx % v. <w$a. 
n^,v.n^. 

ISri^N f. ch.=h. rv«bx wailing wot 
Targ/je'r/lX, 16 (17) ed.' Ven. fn^S, 

*KJTbltf f.=XWpbx. Gen. E. s. 15, 
p. 142 b KrViaai 'X wailing and weeping; v. xnifex. 

NtTON (^ri 1 ?^) f.ch.=h. t\*\x, fat-tail. Targ. Ex. 

XXIX,' '22; a. Z— Hull. 127 a ffffisi 11313 xnaifla 

excommunicated be Narash with its fat; skin and tail, i. e. 
all its inhabitants. 

NrP^N or ti£f?# f. (cmp. nbx, ifes &c.) 1) /?£- 
iree (of a certain species). — 'X hia name of a fig species. 
Gen. E. s. 1 5, end '51 'X niS Ar. (ed. ^bx) it is called 6»-fl& 
alitha (daughter of mourning, v. X?v;bx), because it has , 
brought wailing and weeping into the world (as the fruit 
of the tree of knowledge). — 2) wood of the fig-tree, used 
as kindling wood on the altar (h. form ilfiibx). Tarn. 

II, 4 (Mish. Xtl . . ., Talm. 29 a Sin ). Yoma 24 b . Y. 

ib. II, 39 c top.— PI. rrinifex. Par. Ill, 9. 



in. PI. xrvjbx. 
I. Vien. Xll^X. 



; Pesik, Eon. 



*!!<n^JS6, ^n^ f- (pronunc. and meaning doubt- 
ful) Illitha, something supposed to render fire-proof or 
extinguish the fire. Snh. 108 b fiaiB 'XI 1HX 131 13b H3" 1 
Ar. (ed. 'SI) we have something, its name is 111. [perhaps 
to be read IhX 131 a (female) idol]; Yalk. Job 906 'b^S, 
Ms. SlSlib*]. [B. Bath. 73 a "ibx3 j-nb "^fial Ar. Var. 
s. v. Xhbx, ed. Xfflbx, Bashi Xriljbx, Ms. Oxf. ^ nisi, 
XMlbx pi. of xnbx. The use of the masc. gend. in con- 
nection with the word, makes the passage appear spu- 
rious.] 



Jin"i?N, pi. ninibx, v. xnibx. 



^NU^X. Dan. Ill, 12; 13. 

Nfcpbltf, Fl&OT? pr. n. m. Alaxa, Lixah, abbrev. 
of Alexander. Y. T Keth. V, beg. 29 c E. Al.— Ib. IX, 33 b . 
MS'l lb lax 'X (read X3a 'lb); Y. Shebiy VII, 38 a bot. 
'51 flbSib name of a gentile judge. 

llKON, (= IbSlb.XoSot; cmp.howev. ak\<&) l)(adv.) 

athwart, crosswise. Tosef. Kel. B. Mets. VIII, 5 two feet &c. 
: of a bed cut off 'X crosswise; (Kel. XVIII, 5 1031b).— 

2) "ibsbx, ch. form Xiibsbx m. diagonal line, diameter. 

B. Bath. 101 b ; Succ. 8 a !Wlbabx3 Xnax b5 a figure 

| of one square cubit has a diagonal line of l 2 /5 cubits 

(approximately). Men. 35 a ; Meg. 24 b must be square 
; ■ ) 3 , ib5bx31 paro both as to their seams (not warped) 

and as to the measure of their diagonal lines. Erub. 59 a 
: fi31b5bxi IWl fil^a Ms. K. (ed. 'X3, v. Bashi a. 1.) the 

measure of the circumference of the town plus its dia- 
\ meter. B. Bath. 99 a ittT»p llil 'X3 Ka^Tl perhaps the 
j Cherubim in the Sanctuary were placed across the room ; 
I a. fr. 

| p&pb^, I'Hl'IDbpbS m. pi. (v. XMbx) Alexan- 
drians, name of a nut, prob. a species of pistachio, Ab. 
I Zar. I4 a "ptjsbs ed. (Ms. M. 'p'li&abx, Ar. ^bbax). Cmp. 

j T7?>x. 

X^Dbpb^ pr. n. m. Alexander. Y. Dem. II, 22° 
top, (an Amora of a place called Tsadoka). Cant. B. to 

IV, 12; v. 1113M>X. 

&i"l^&_pb&$, 'Ob&t pr. n. m. Alexander. 1) A. the 
Great, ynpla the Macedonian. Targ. Cant. VI, 8; Targ. 
II, Esth.I, 2.— Tarn. 31 b ; a. fr.— 2) name of a judge and 
of a robber. Y. Ber. IX, 13 b top (for HXi115b=bx ib. read 

n ~ttD&pbiS; m. 1) Alexandrian. Sifra B'hukk. chap. 

V, Lulianus'the Alex.— 2) pr.n.m. Alexandri, an Amora. 

Y. B. Hash. IV, 59° bot; a. e.— Cant. B. to IV, 2 XII 

(corr.acc.).-3)v.^b2>X.— PLd^1^b^X;fem.nis-iia&sbx. 
Men. 100 a Alexandrians. Ib. 28 b 'X riib'ls (Yalk. Ex. 369 
rYi*1... .) Alexandrian cups (lengthy and narrow). Tosef. 
Meg. Ill (II), 6 'X bl». D'TD a Synagogue built by Alex- 
andrians in Jerusalem. 

a^&pb& ttif-flD&DbN;, 'Dbsst pr ; n . P i. 

Alexandria, in Egypt. Targ." Ez. XXSy 15; a.'e.— Y. Hag. 



m^jDpbst 



— Midr. Till, to 



. Targ.Num. XIII, 2 



II, 77 d ; a. fr— Kel. XV, 1, v. n< 
Ps. XIX, a ship coming 'Sta. V. 

ri'H/TD&O^sK f. Alexandrian. Kel. XV, 1 'X Wfib 
Mish. ed.'(Talm. ed. StillDtobst '0) Alexandrian ship, i. e. 
Sea ship'jwith water reservoirs. Sabb. 90 a , a. e. 'K in: Alex, 
nitron. Tosef. Nid. IV, 17 Cleopatra 'St roba (ed. Zuck. 
&•— ) Egyptian queen.— PL nWISOSbst, v. illStobst. 

JJbt (sec. r. of b*iat, v. blst; cmp. to) 1) to «rcfe. Pi. 
bb^St to go around; to espy, track. Cant. E. beg. (play on 
~m a. rtlifi) nbfcist fi'1 IhSt-thou didst search after the 
words of the Law. Pesik. E. s. 47 Aa/iw (Job XXXIX, 
29) bbsta "jllDb has the meaning of espying (ed. incorr. 
Wi, v. ed. Friedm. p. 190 b ).— [2) to ^owi out; 3) to We 
around; to be strong; v. bst, "4x1, fibst, "(b^St &c, a. dbst.] 

bb^, Pa. b^« ch 
Deriv. StHst, Stb'bsta. 

bbN! h., bbst ch. m. (b. h. bbit Job XIII, 4; v. Wx; 
cmp. bbft) so/?, fee o&jfect, whence fatty substance, offal 
of meat. Targ. Job. 1. c— Hull. IX, 1 (Gem. 121 a , diff. 
of opin. as to what kind of offal is meant in the Mish., 
v. Stella), lb. dittart 'stfl the offal gathered (as a ball). 
Zeb. Ill, 4.— Toh. I, 4 b^bst. Meil. 7 a "31 iTQ Tfil yps 'St 
alal, because there is no substantial value in it. Zeb. 35 a 
'SO bl^B if one had an inappropriate thought about'aiW 
of fowls (which is fit to eat). 

SK>5l!< or fcOblN m. (bbs<; cmp. b. h. Tpl) treading 
the wine or olive press ; quantity put into the press at a 

time. B. Mets. 105 a 'SO Stmstn stn Ar. (ed. '1st) 

the one Rabbi treats of a place where they ordinarily 
put one khor, (measure) into the press at a time, &c. 
Esth., E. to I, 2 (referring to Esth. 1. c, and Neh. XIII, 
15 'in those days'; play on al'la a. aVlay ; v. nextw.) 'St 
'31 ^11 'wine pressing' (on Sabbath, Keh. 1. c.) and 'woe' 
(persecution as punishment) were those days marked for. 

"wlS (b. h.; v. ib&tn, W*) woe. Lev. E. s. 17, a. e.; 
v. next w. Tanh. Ahare 2, d^bx (corr. ace); ed. Bub. 3. 

(S'^JSN m. pi. (v. preced.) woe-makers, a word coined 
for playing on dibbin (Ps. LXXV, 5, a. e.). Lev. E. 

D3X (b. h.; yT>St, v. bbst) 1) [to surround] ; to connect, 
tie (cmp. Ibst. 1511) ; intr. to 6e tied up, excluded, lone- 
ly, mute; v. dbst, '(iabstH, fiiabst, dblit — 2) to grow, be 
strong, v. dbst. Cmp. '"pabstL '[Cmp' dbst Ps. LVIII, 2, 
LXX Spa, a. v. dblstl.] 

Dj!Sj ch"., intr. D^bx (d^bst Pa., trftt) (v. preced.) 
1) to 6e or ^row strong, to grow. Targ. I Chr. XXII, 12 
(13) dbst (h. text ym, Var. db"»S)- Targ. O. Deut. XXXI, 
6; 7; 23 ed. Vien. 'St' (ed. Berl. '$, v. Berl. Targ. 0. II, 
p. 59).— B. Bath. 124 a ; 135 b (he left them) 'SO Stbp^l a 
slender palm-tree and it grew thick.— 2) to tie, v. StHlb&t. 
—3) to be mute; v. Ithp. 

Pa. d^bst l) to 6e strong, v. supra.— 2) to strengthen, 
support. Targ. II Chr. XI, 17; a. e. Part. pass. f. 



Stabita resolved, insisting upon. Targ. Euth 1, 18 (h. text 
niastna).— B. Kam. 90 a '31 pal rpiabst the Eabbis fortified 
the husband's right (gave him superior privileges). Kidd. 
43 a ninbiab soa->bsta stp i»ibst (Eashi niab : S*) we (the 
court) give him privileges.' — 3) to overpower. Sabb. 156 b 
("PIS' 1 iliabjK his appetite overwhelmed him. 

Ithpa. dbstnst 1) to make one's self strong, to summon 
strength. Targ. Job XXXVI, 19.— 2) to become mute, be 
silenced. Targ. Ps. XXXIX, 10. Targ. Koh. XII, 6. [Targ. 
Ps. XC, 10 yrafe&trra (for h. text dtta?). [Targ. Job VI, 6 
Ms. Vers. db&w'a (?), h. text niabn!.] 

D5NI, UTtA m. (b. h.; v. dbst 1) cmp. 1231)1) «m(e, 
unable to speak, also ignorant. Ter. I, 6; a. fr.— Euth. 
E. to IV, 1 (ref. to almoni, Euth. 1. c.) n"la rnfi 'St he 
was unable to speak of (excluded from) the Law (ignor- 
ant).— PI. d^abst 'pabst 'IbiSt. Snh. 71 a ; 100 a — Fem. na^St, 
'b/W. Num. E.'s. 9. Hull 79 a . Sot. 10 b "^St; a. e. 

xri?x, idm, »n^, aiffibis ch., same. 

Targ. T Ex.'lV, 11.— A lab^St &c. Hag; 3^; Yalk. Ex. 356; 
Deut. 440. [Hull. 76 b SttnV'St in, v. Sta^Stll, 2.] 

NQ ?!>5 strong, v. Sta->bx. 

N£jbi< m. (cmp. b. h. dbst, v. dbst) confirmation; 
(dial, term) co»seffitew%. Pes. 2 b '31 list 'St consequently 
or means day-light. Sabb. 151 a ; a. fr. 

NST^j f!J2?^ (=fiab to) wAy?, wherefore? Erub. 
3 a '31 last StabVwhy didE... say&c.?— Yoma 2 b Stbiiabst 
'21 isa^S why should separation not be' required &c.?; a.fr. 

JIQbS m. (b. h. d^abst ^SS, diaisbst '3>) 1) red! eora?. 
Tosef. Kel~B.Mets.HI, 13; Kel. XIII, 6; Sabb. 59 b ; T. ib. 
VI, 8 b top.— 2) pi. diMabst, "p^abst a species of cedar- 
tree, prob. coral-wood (v. infra as to various opinions). 
E. Hash. 23 a ; B.Bath. 80 b sq. Strips 'St almugim is coral 
(apparently a confusion of coral and coral-wood). Y. 
Keth. VII, end, 31 d dilbst 'St aim. is the aloe-wood 
(agallochum); (Gen. E. s. 15 beg. BTlbit Ar., ed. dilbst, 
dtllbst corr. ace). Pesik. E. s. 33 (ref. to H Chr. II, 7 
a. I Kings X, 12); v. ^albs. 

&Ul!Q ?K, pi. pMabst, Sti*5iiabst ch. same. Targ. I 
Kings X, 'if; 12. II Chr. IX, 10; il. 

"jlHtNl m. (v.dbst) a cedar species, oak [or terebinth}. 
PL di?iabst. E. Hash. 23 a ; B. Bath. 80 b ; v. Stauto a. t»bs. 

liDvNlI m. (b. h. labit, v. dbst). [tied up, secluded; 
cmp. Targ. I Sam. XXI, V Tau for h. iJabst] widower. 
Keth. 7 b ; a. fr. 

"01!Q5!!$ m.(b.h.^abstMMwame(Z, unknown, v. preced.) 
pr. n. m. 'Almoni. Euth' E. to IV, 1 '=1 'St i3b& the man's 
name was Ploni Almoni. Cmp. dfest. 

3 n 23bfc< Tosef. Kel. B. Mets. Ill, 13 read Ma^St. 

*"j" l Qb!!4 m.(prob.corrupt.,for')ia''bXi[Arjv)fta»-6o»-. Y. 
Succ. II, beg. 52 d 'SO roiroa when the ship lies in port. 



way not, if. not, but for (usu. without verb or followed 
by -aj or "1; cmp. Xa^XI, 1). Snh. 49 a '31 111 'X but for 
David (studying the Law), Joab could wage no war. 
Meg. 12 b '31 J111SX 'X but for the previous letters. Tanh. 
Hukkathl (ed.Bub.lXb t)X) ; a. fr — 2) (=S*H*a-!lS>X : cmp. 
xa"%xl, 2) if indeed. Meg. 24 b ilb hnx ''^>abx [Ms. M. - 
nnx ill= xbabx) if thou wert a Levit'e. Keth. 33 b xbabx 
'31 hUSS if they had lashed Hanamah &c. Sabb. 118 b ; a. 
fr. [A differentiation of spelling which may have existed 
for the two opposite meanings of our w., is untraceable ; 
v. Lowe, Pesachim, p. 28.] Cmp. "W^X. 

^Q~ffs (deriv. of next w.) to reduce to widowhood, 
bereave, desert. Pes. 49 a 1TO5X nx "jabxal will be forced 
to desert his wife (to leave his home).— Nithpa. nja^Xha 
to become a widow. Y. Keth. II. beg. 26 a (Mishn. ed., a. 
Talm. Bab. nbaixsro, v. iaix). 

ilDQbK f. (b. h.; v. -,ia>x) widow. Keth. I, 1; 2, v. 
pDIIX. T Kidd. 75 a jrCS roaVx the widow of one of spu- 
rious descent; v. Sib" 1 :?; a.fr. Trnsf.'X nbl uframeless cioor 
(or made of one piece). Erub. 101 a ; v. nauia.— Denom. 

rfiJEPH f. (b. h.) widowhood. B. Bath. 71, 4 'X rra 
(98 b ; Ms.'M. niia"ix) a house in which to live in case 
of widowhood. Yeb. 45 a ; a. e. Y. Keth. 7, 29 d bot. "nil 
iwoabx msia 13s, v. isxil. 



rWWbN, v. m??**!. 



"'HCObX, "J W^bi* (read «4k kU^nl) Helle- 
nic,in 'Greek. Tanh.'Tsav, 2 [a gloss] X"3Xap "pop'!* "|1!i£> 
in Greek katab'kha (Sos. XIII, 14) means xocrafia descend; 
v. Yalk. Jer. 333. Y. Sot. 711, beg. 21 b pilp )lbp 5ai5 
"Jibs 5!aii3 heard them read the jSA'wm in Greek. 

* n p_Dbl$, " 1 |55^^ f. pi. (=Kp3S-te on the neck) poles 
used to carry burdens on the shoulder of two or more 
persons (v. Sm. Ant. s. v. Falangoz, phalangce, which is 
of Semitic origin). Bets. 25 b what means 'provided no 
carrying on shoulders takes place' ? Ans. ipsVsO .... Ar., 
Ms. M. (ed. 'lixn) by means of alanke (phalange). lb. 
'ibxx pS^ai ed. (Ms. 'bfcO) to he taken out &c. (carried 
in a sedan chair through which poles are put). lb. Am. 
and Mar Zut. allowed themselves to be carried on should- 
ers of men '3^X3. xbsill «tOtt& Ar., Ms. M. (ed. our w. 
absent/ on a Sabbath during the festive week on pha- 
langse (to the lecture room). 7. "'pfila. 

&5S, Pa. bfex, aifex (contr. of bsbx, v. bsb) to 
craunch, bite. B. Kam. 84°. Git. 70 a . 

Obltf pr. n. m. Alas (7alens; v. bbll) 1) an Amora. 
Y. Kill, 27 a top.— 2)(?) Snh. 64 a Sabta son of A.; v. 

b?^, &?)S! pr. n. IfeZfas (=Grajcia Magna). [That 
Italian places are meant in quot. below, is obvious from 
Targ. Ezek.XX7II, 7, v. X"jVi^X.] Targ. Y. I Gen. X, 4 'X 

b&1B1(h.textffl1i)ini durtxj Hellas andTaras (Tarentum, 



v. 6WB); Targ. Y. II ib.; Y. Meg. I, 71 b bot. SDlBbbx; 
Gen. e! s. 37, beg. bllBDlbx, '&*bx (corr. ace). [Targ. Y. 
a. Midr. reflect geograph. a.' ethnograph. conditions and 
notions of their own days.] 

*& n bb$ O^b/b^ (Dl&lblX) [the final bfreq. 
read d in 'ed'., as dip^X &o.] f. (v. B^X) pr.n. pi. Ilsis &c. 
(grottoes near Tiberias; v. Jos. B. j/ll, 20, 6) ruins of 
fortified caves. Koh. E. to III, 9 t*X. Y. Shebi. 17, 35 c 
top DiSribX; Gen. E. s. 34 b^X; Euth. E. to I, 17 
bibl^K ('IX); Yalk. Ezek. 351 BaSbx; cmp. XaiqS a. 
"PTOSIS*. 



pibba, v. r^x. 



")pb^, "Ij^b pr. n. m. £fa«a»-. 1) E. b. Poira, 
counsellor of John Hyrcanus. Kidd. 66 a .— 2) Several Ta- 
naim: a) B. b. Azaria'n; E.b.Arakh. of the second gener- 
ation; b) E. b. P'rata; E. of Modim, of the third gener. 
— c) E.b. Jacob; E.h. Shamua; E. b. Simon (bar Yohai); 
E. b. E. Yose the Galilean, of the fourth gener.— 3) Sev- 
eral Amoraim: a) E. b. Antigonus; E. b. E. Yannai, of 
the second gener. Y. Ber. 7, 9 b bot.; a. e. — b) E. bar 
Abina. Ib. I, 3 C bot.— c) E. Lazar or E. (in Babli E. b. 
P'dath) one of the most renowned Amoraim of the third 
gener. Erub. 65 b ; a. v. fr. 

P]5^ (b. h.) thousand. Du. d^X.— PL d^Bbx.— 'X 
CPBbx a million. Gen. E. s. 8 'X ijffl ; a. fr.— Ex. E. s. 5 
t^sbx two thousand (men); a. e. 

^bS$I,^b^,^£>b5$ ch.same. Targ.0.Ex.XXX7III, 
25 Cjfex'ed. Berl. (yTxS^X); a. fr.— Snh. 95 b 'X in one 
thousand. Bekh. 8 b TV! 'X nxa one hundred thousand 
zuz; a. fr.— PI. "ps!?X, X*Sbx. Targ. Ex. XXX7III, 26; 
a. fr. Targ. I Sam.' XVIIl' 8; a. fr.— Y. Dem. 711, 26 b 
bot.ja.fr. 

5]b^t II, fpbSS; (S] 1 ^) (h. t)iK, y^> to join, be 
joined) to become used; to learn, study, train one's self. — 
Sp^X accustomed, used to. Targ. I Sam.X7II,39. Targ. 0. 
Num. XXII, 30.— Targ. Deut. 7, 1 ; a. fr. (v. also tpV]). 
—Cant. B. to II, 2 Spy"1 "ttl 132 would you like to 
study? B. Bath. 11 l b top !p">ab ias pi n^ 115 take me 
away from here, this man has no desire to learn (but 
only to argue). Taan. 4 a man is bound tTWSi tftth 
xmrpsa [prob. Sl^ab, v. infra] to train himself to be 
gentle; a. fr. 

Pa. Spfex, t|fex to train, teach. Targ. Ps. X7III, 35 
Spfea (=!q^Xa). Targ. Prov. XI, 25 ; a. fr.— Koh. to IX, 10 
thou didst emigrate Splab for'the sake of studying, Xlrtl 
XSfexi ibs but he emigrated for the sake of teaching. 
Y.' i)em. 1; 22 a top ini )2)X p xbl (not 'biX) did you not 
teach us thus? — 131 'X, v. infra. 

Af. 5]biX as Pa. Lev. E. s. 30 131 i^S SpVia (EpVa) 
offers arguments in my favor. 

Ithpa. ?]^XpX to exercise, practice, exert one's self. 
Targ. Is. II, 4 ; XX7I, 9. 



q"ba 

*\J# Alef, the first letter of the Alphabet. T. Snh. 
I, 18 a hot; a. fr. T. Yeb. IV, 6 a Sf'btO nai I'TO xins b= 
SOI (referring to harbah arbeh Gen. Ill, 16) the embryo 
that counts harbah -with He, (the numerical value being 
212 — days), will grow; that which counts arbeh with 
Alef (i. e. 208 days, or less than seven months) will lie 
down (die); (cmp. ilSirt for differ, versions). — B. Bath. 
168 b '=1 tVO 'X mere Alef Beth (arbitrary words). Gen. 
E. s. 1 liin Xlp 'an the Alef complained.— Y. Sabb.XVI, 
15 c top inst tY'ia '& one of the alphabetical acrostics 
(chapters) of Lamentations.— PI ^"Sbx. Sabb.l03 b . Ex., 
R. s. 38 ; a. e— fs:!*. Y. Ber. II, 4 d hot. they pronounce 
'SX "pjiis Ayins like Alefs.— [Sabb. 103 b '31 "pl&Mtl S^bx S]bi< 
ed: (Ms. M. omits -pTKitl) they differ as to one who wrote 
on the Sabbath two such letters as Alef, Alef (of aaz- 
zerkha Is.XLV, 5) being merely vowels ; v.illabia.] 

X 'B3K 1) ch. Alfa=A\ei. Cant. B. beg. the poet 
l*"rVa 'K 1*>aS> 13 when writing alphabetical acrostics. 
Lam. E. introd. (R. Hama b. H.) ipiOS itflbn Jtnbn " ( a 
X"nia 'so belonging to the alphab. acrostics (in Lamen- 
tations) of three verses for each letter.; a. fr.— 2) (&Xcpa) 
Alpha, the first letter of the Greek Alphabet. Shek. 
Ill, 2. Men. VIII, 1 nbl&b '« best quality of flour. lb. 6. 

tfSbtf, v. ^1. 

Xbb^ ship, v. sa^x. 

pHIZfiSbstf m. pi. (aX^aPrixapiov) alphabetic acro- 
stics, 'songs. Ruth E. to III, 13 (ed. ynai&bs*, ■pra&bx, 

frtTpSSbS m., pi. )W|S|X same. Koh. E. to I, 13; 
v. X"Sbst" ' ' 

pnnsba, "pt^sba, v . r^as*. 

t©.^, DSblSSS c. (=&Bb q. v.) a tightly covered 
pot, stew-pot, contrad. to fillip a boiling pot. Ned. 51 a 
a, dish goes first in a pot '">Stb TTli\B Blip before it is 
put in a stew-pot for steaming. Y. Hall. I, 58 a top — 
Pes. 37 a i» tliasa stew. — Gen. E. s. 1, end W&iai 'SO 
as a pot with its lid.— PA 'p&^X. Bets. 32 a , v. TPWVX. 

*yn:zbK, "]"h&-?*? m - p 1 - ( s y p - ^*^ p - Sm - 155; 

212; ai/abbrev. oi fi-TDOabst, v. ytobijj) a species of 
pistachio (tree or fruit). Y. Dem. II, beg. 22 b ; Y. Maasr. 
I, 48 d hot. 'xbst.— Tosef. ib. I. 1 '&biS<. lb. Ill, 14 'pOS^S* 
ed. Zuck. (Var. "pd^bs*). 

*P^blpb^, pKblpbK Cant. E. to I, 11 labffl 
ln"aph btl) WO 'SS, a corruption; read: S>bp3lSS 1abtH 
Olefin bffl imM8 p (ObipS) ; cmp. Tanh. Mishp. 5. [The 
entire clause seems to be a gloss.] 

*D1pt ) ^ (b.h.)a symbolized pr. n.: No-Standing. Y. 
R.Hash.I, ! 57 a hot. las 'K "jbal but the King (the Lord)— 
no standing (on his decrees) is with him; he desires not 
to insist upon his decrees (but permits repentance to 



tapba, apb-w, ntapb^, v . next w. 

"^j??^, 'Tit f. (aiXTTJ, sub. xXt|i.a£; v. also iBp>n) 
winding staircase. Tosef. Erub. VIII, 11 (V, end) five 
compartments 'S<b mmflBrt ed. Zuck. (ed. Bpbs<) opening 
towards a common winding staircase. Ib. iBpbina •p'll&SO 
ed. Zuck. (ed. IIBpbiO, Var. lapbsoia corr. ace.) and 
are forbidden the use of &c. 

n^TDpbSSl f.,' pi. niiapba (apb, v. apb ; inj stack of 
grain, shed for stacks in the field. [Comment, fr. aiip 
summer.] Maasr. IH, 7 the stores in 'Kill 'pailian (Ms. 
M. nTOpubx) turrets and sheds in the field are exempt 
from tithes (until brought home). 

tfpba, D^b$=^, ain% v. nibst. 

D^p^N Pesik. E. s. 21, ed. Fr. p. 108 a , read Diiplbl, 

NESpbN, KESpTK, NmjTJS m. (a PT a W lT7,«, 
SaajlX," Palm. inscript.,Zeitschr. der Deutsch. Morgenl. 
Ges. XVIII, 89—90; Syr. 1311!*, Pers. arzabedes; v. Perl. 
Et. St. p. 105) Arkafta, a high dignitary in Persia. Targ. 
Y. Gen. XLI, 44 (ed. Vienna SBBgbjK); a. e— Shebu. 6 b 
'Spbs<. Y. ib. I, 32 d bot. 'aplK.' Y. Ber. II, 5 a top Ar. 
(ed. SttO . . ., corr. ace.).— Zeb. 96 b (prov.) laps Tfiplix 

fb n^b ins* mi to Ms. M. (ed. . . . sumi yapa xnspbx) 

the Ark. took MS by the hand, and the scent came into 
the hand (undue pride of accidental acquaintances. 

■pspba, v. ^sbpx. 

^pb&Waapbx. - . ■ ' ' " 

!S"H>!S!> " lJ$ f.(tXapia) dag of j-ej'oiciwy, both private 
and public; esp. dags of public rejoicings appointed by 
a new emperor, consisting of games, masquerades &c. 
Pesik. Sh'mini p. 193 b while the King is engaged 'JO 
'31 iblU in his hilaria, ask of him what you need. Cant. 
K.toIV,4 '31 Xlibso -pais lift Kb (corr. ace.) (at Mount 
Sinai) they did not stand (as) in hilaria, but in awe, 
trembling &c. 

'St"H5N a disease; prob. a corruption of SVjb'W 
(siXstk, ileus) iliac passion, spasm of the abdominal 
muscles connected with vomiting. Git. 70 a '8 minx awa 
Ar. (ed. H.fb'l as in the sentence following). 

xrbx, xrb# (mbx) f . ch. ( =u. t^ post, 

pole, door-post. T farg. Josh. XXIV.26 (ed. Vien.I wbiJX).— 
PI. (of xnibx) xnilbs. Targ. Is. VI, 4 hllbjx (ed. Vien. 
mibiN.) B. Bath. 73 Ta ' xnilbsa nib pinal Eashi (ed., sing. 
Sttllbx) and we struck it with clubs ; v., however, StfJiisK. 
Bets. 33 b 'N 'X 'jb aiflil and gave us each several branches 
(Eashi), v., however, xnibfci;. 

rriNnSplsTDltf m. (bx=bs, a. 'Din, v. St'iaWB; cmp. 
I Chron. T XXVII,'25); v. "bx) comes thesaurorum, chief- 
treasurer. Midr. Till, to Ps. XV magor (his resort, stores) 
that is ibffl 'X his (the Eoman Emperor's) chief tr 
(or plur. treasurers). 



n^ba f . 



i t f. Iltith, name of a large fish (prob. from 
its place',, v. xrtflln). Makhsh. VI, 3 (Mish. ed. rnnbx). Tosef . 
Kel. B. Mets/v, 7. 

"IFi 3S (=-intt-bS) o» the spot, forthwith, always with 
->. Gitt. Ill, 3 (Mish. Talm.Y. inst bs). E. Hash. 6 a ; a. 
v. fr. (in Hebr. phraseol.)'. 

Dfc$ (b. h.; omp. is a. iX) 1) t/j wften. Mekh. Yithro, 
end nilfil fl-iliTQffl 'X b3 every I»» (If) in the Torah refers 
to voluntary actions (which you may or may not do) 
except three &c. Y. Gitt. VII, 48 d 'X naxl fia because 
he said, If (I die), i. e. conditional divorce. Succ. 53 a 
•jX3 iSX 'X when I am here; a. fr.— 2) whether. Yoma 

III, 1; a. fr.— 'X . . . 'X whether . . . or. Y. Pes. VI, beg. 
33 a '31 riDS 'X. whether or not the Passover ceremonies 
supersede the Sabbath; a. fr. [lb. nbfiin ffli t)X read IttJ&X 
'=1 ffli, as before.]— ' ( 3 dX (abbrev. 3"X) iftfws 6e SO. Ber. 
I, 1 ; a. fr. — 'g dX x!bx (abbr. 3"XX) o?% wAe« indeed, 
not until, unless. Keth. 76 a ; a. fr. 

D£$ f. (b. h.; dax, Has, j/Bfct; to press, embrace, 
join, support, lead; v. yam, lax, yax &c; cmp. ax) 
1) mother, treq.=my mother. Sabb. 134 a ; a. fr. — Y. M. 
Kat. Ill, beg. 81 c 1HX ph mSh left his mother's lap 
(Palestine).— Num. E. s. 10 (ref. to immo Prov. XXXI, 1) 
'=1 rmnn ... IT 1»X 'his mother' that means the Law 
which trained Solomon and which is called a mother of 
those studying it, as you read (Prov. II, 3 ; text dX is 
readdXem). — 2) womb, mouth of 'the womb. Hull. Ill, 2 (54 a ) 
'31 dXIn FtbB'O if the mouth of the womb is absent, 
cut out. Bekh. IV, 4 (28 b ).— Trnsf. legitimate existence, 
authority. Succ. 6 b , a. fr. rYYi&ab 'X ©i the traditional 
Scripture text (letters without vowels) is authoritative 
in Biblical interpretation, opp. X^pab 'X UT the tradit- 
ional reading (vowels) must guide us, e. g. 33)13 (Ex. 
XXIII, 19) may be read abha as the traditional vocal- 
ization, or abna in the fat of.— PL ninax, nin^x. Kidd. 

IV, 4 her genealogy must be traced back 'X sa'nst to the 
mothers of four generations (on each side) which is eight 
mothers. Y. Snh.II, 20 b hot. they are not xbx ninaX 
niftBiX maid-servants but mothers (of the nation). — 
Trnsf. .d^bsa bffi 'X seed-onions. Peah III, 4. Erub. 29 a ; 
a. e.— Ch. XB^X. [Koh. E. to XII, 7 '^231 'X, v. DBS.] 

&%2&f, v. X?f X. 

itf ?2!St cubit, v. xnax. 

#12#I, 5<D^ f.=h. nax. Targ. 0. Deut, XXIII, 18; 

v. xnax.' 

NDiSjII, "'EN, fut. Xa"« imper. Xaix ( |/dX ^ojoiM, 
v. 1»X) io say, speak, think. Targ. Y. Gen. XXXIII, 10.— 
Ereq. in Talmud.— Xa-'tl ib^SX even if you will say, i. e. 
it may come right even if you assume that &c. Succ. 
13 b ; a. fr.— Xa^b i», starjCa), or Xa^b must it be said, 
does it mean to say? lb.; a. fr.— xa^n ^31 (ixi) and if 
you should object. lb.; a. fr.— Xa^X xbx but rather say, 
i. e. the correct version is. lb.; a. fr.— XSi& Xa">X now 
read the second clause, i.e. how will you understand &c? 



Ber. 21 h ; a.fr— Xa^X Imight think. lb.; a.fr — OTS Hlrl 
I might have thought, I might have been led to believe. 
Erub. 74 b 'X Wfl ^Xa what might I have been led to 
believe?; a. fr. — niflTO Xal let him express his opinion 
in agreement with his authority, i. e. why does he , not 
say so expressly? Taan.3 a ; a.fr.' — Pes.7 b Xa 1 ^ iS^rl what 
else should he say? blab xa"i3 should he use the ex- 
pression lamol?— Gitt. 47 b , a. fr. Wait Y'D it may occur 
to you to think; v. XiW. Yoma 85 b mfl drift ijtlft ^X 
X3iax had I been there, I should have said. — X3iaxp= 
Wast Xp I say, speak of, v. Xp. Gitt. 47 b ; a. fr. 

OWa&f, OKEPN pr.n. pi. ('B|i|«.ao6«, 'Aftptao-k, 
hellenized form of fta'n, nnan) Emmaus, Ammaus, a 
town in the plain of Jud«a (or Philisfaea), renowned, 
in Talmudic days, for its warm springs and luxurious 
life. Koh. E. to VII, 7, a. e. [lb. 11 OWX prob. Distal.] 
Cmp. ni&ai-i. [Other forms: &ixa5>, Cas, dixax, d^xas. 
For other places by that name, v. Neub. Geogr. p. 100.] 

"WKlJS (=ista b?=nBbx) wherefore! why? xb 'it why 
not? Sabb. 48 a . Erub. 70 a ; a. v. fr. ' 

"]^J3J^ (=)m b?) to whom?, v. "St and "|Xa. 

H^D^, Nft'lilDK m. (Pers. anbuh, Perl. Et. St. 
p. 18; cmp., however, bs X13a Ezek. XXXIII, 31) crowd, 
escort. Yoma 87 a ; Snh. 7 h . Succ. 55 a . 

51'ilKlK m.,pl. fbiaax (=^35^; aiS) little grape, i.e. 
clapper in the bell. Y. Sabb.VI,'beg. 7 d ^biaax * ( nb ttfflS 
(corr. ace.) he put clappers in. V. biaJX. 

*^1DQ5<, Lev. E. s. 5 dntn 'St bS Ar. (ed. by 
cler. error Wsb^it) read X^aaast towers, battlements; v. 

■jibpn^a^, libpniansi m. NnjyiiaDS f. 

(ijxjBouplxXov, imburuclum, corrupt, of involucrum, D. 
C. s. v.) wrapper, cover, bundle. Y. B. Mets. IV, beg. 9 e 

'X3 'p . . . x q-ibnan Ar. (read yi ; ed. "jlbpT-iax 

"jlbpl^aaxa, corr. ace.) if one exchanges one bundle for 
another; cmp. ^la^S ibid.— PI. nix'lp'flaJX. B- Kam. 114 b 
ed. (Ar. tllitlpaiX, Ms. M. '13.1X, V.' Eabb. D. S. a. 1. 
note). 



Jiasugx, ^zm f. ( v. , 



w.) bottom. Gen. I 



n ft2DN, "'ElSX-f. ( j/aa, v. Xaax; a inserted) bath- 
tub, bathing reservoir. Ned. IV, 4 (Var. X^B . . .). Hag. 
15 a '3X Ar. (ed. 'aax); a. fr.— PI waaax, nixaaax 
(nistiaaast). Y. Sabb. Ill, 6 a .-Bab. ib. 40 a '^aax '(Ar. 
mxaax); Tosef. ib. Ill (IV), 3 ed. Zuck. hlXDaX (Var. 
nixuaax) baths in large cities with ambulatories (v. Sm. 
Ant. s. v. Baths). [Y. Pes. Ill, beg. 29 d pS3 bffl 'X (?), 
prob. a corruption.] Cmp. naail. 

O^TDBQ!^ m. (avaparr)<;, contr. apfiarqc,) prop. 
rider, traveller on horseback &c; hence (sub. TiaM) an 
ass used for marching through the desert alongside of 



(and sometimes tied to) the camel. Y. Sabb. V, 7 b top 
'X Ha what is an ambates? pio lal the ass of the 
traveller (from Egypt to Asia). Y. Kel. VIII, 31 c &1313X, 
Saiax (oorr. ace). V. tripWii. 

iCP'OlMX f. (deriv.of i-jaax) water of the bath-tub, 
waste of the' bath-tub. Y. Sabb. YIII, ll c (15) SttUal -|11 
'31 'X he who washes (his anus) in &c, is liable to a dis- 
ease of the rectum. 

" &l~P3Q&t, read trr-peax m. (Ijxiropo;) fire-scathed. 
Midr. Till, to Ps. XXII, v. MHiX. 

S^Q/DK m. (cmp. X1*iaS; 'a inserted) crop, store. 
Keth. T l'05 a smelt at (was an expert of) Xlall 'X (Bashi, 
pi.) wine stores— PI. il^ax. Gitt. 56 a '31 'X 113li Hiip 
set fire to all those stores of wheat and barley. 

HiyQN m . (=X115X, v. foreg.) nut. Sabb. 109 b 'xa 
'31 wis from eating a nut on an empty stomach. Men. 
35 a 'X "Q in the shape of a nut; a. a.— PI. ijlaax. Hull. 
59 a . B. Mets. 60 a . 

iWlilQCs m. (h. \2JiSa) magus, magian, a Persian 
priest and' interpreter of dreams ; magician, sorcerer. 
Targ. Y. I Ex. VII, 15; VIII, 16.— B. Beth. 58 a . Yoma 
35 a (Hull. 62 b ) 'X miS Parvah is the name of a Persian 
magus after whom the cell in the Temple was named. — 
Sabb. 75 a ixiaffil 31 'X Var. (read XCTfflJax).— PI. "nuiaax. 
Snh. 98 a 'X "&B3. ilW "iBa ^Bt when ' (in Israel) the 
haughty shall cease to exist, the magians (among the 
Persians) shall cease. - , 

"iDlilQcs m. (v. preced.) a follower of magianism, 
believer in sorcery. M. Kat. 18 a . 

ijClipiUpiS f. (deriv. of preced. ws.) magianism, ma- 
gian practices. Sabb. 75 a ixiaffil 31 'X Ms. M. (ed. Xlffliaa, 
Var. XU515aX) as to magianism Bab and Samuel differ, 
one declaring it to be sorcery, the other — blasphemy. 

n" l 5n"l" l 'JhSI&$ referring to '{the Mood) which made 
him a -proselyte (circumcision). Y. Ab. Zar. II, 41 a top 
'X ttiiS 'jllln xil his visions as to bloodshed had refer- 
ence only to that (blood) which made him &c; v. "Via. 

ID 5*5 (|/ia; v. 11a) to form an approximate estimate, 
to guess; to appraise, judge, deliver an expert's opinion. 
Erub. 58 b '31 ilaix he forms an approximate estimate of 
the height of the hill, and passes on. Snh. 78 b IlllaX 
ll^ai they (the experts) declared his injuries to be 
fatal; (Y. ib. IX, 27 a bot., also 'las) tfmi 'X the 
opinion was that he would recover; a. fr.— Hull. 51 a 



imal before taking a leap 



is mas the 
its strength. 

Hif. iTaXl same, 
had appraised.it (the 
yield). V. lailX. 

"!Q5S» ch. same. Bekh. 61 a "pllax iSli I guessed this 
was thy intention. Keth. 68 a rVWaKI XI in the one 
case it means that we have formed an opinion about 
him (know whether he is stingy or liberal). — Part. pass. 



TV08. Arakh. 20 a "<Xpl 'X XI he stands appraised, he 
has been valued before this. — Hence l^ax belitved to be 
wealthy. B. Kam. 62 a 'X fflijix. Keth. 85 b 'X xil j-na SOSli 
I know he is not rich. B. Bath. 8 b .— Ib. 52 a Xl^ax bX^ 
~i if you believe her to be wealthy. V. XSIalX. 

^"JEtf, #hym m. (=xila is, Tin is; -Vi; 
cmp. I^il) watchman's lodge on top of trees. Sabb. 155 a 
'XI XS11 Ar., Ms. M. (ed. xilal) ladder for climbing up 
to the lodge. 

"^ J"1G5< a word in a charm formula. Sabb.67 a Ms. 
M. a. Ar. (ed. ^xilax). 



r from Daromah. Y. Hor. Ill, 



v. SX) 1) fore-arm, arm. Sot. 
s in max the word max (Ex. 



end, 48 c . 

TTfiit f. (b. h.; Dax 
12 b ; Ex. B. s. 1 .11'' la 

II, 5) — one says it means 11BX, her arm, the other says 
it means 11aX, her maid-servant (v. lax). — Lam. B. in- 
trod. (E. Josh. 2) "iuai 'X an arm (direction-post) &c; 
v. iS3; Koh. B. to XII, 7 B*.— ifflBrt (113) 1SX the arm 
up to the axilla, arm-pit, name of an opening in a Temple 
door; v. however, infra, 4). — 2) cubit, a measure equal 
to the distance from the elbow to the tip of the middle- 
finger. Keth. 5 b ; Men. ll a 'X 11 this one (the middle- 
fin ger) is used for defining the cubit measure. Kel . XVII, 1 
'3Tp5ai naxthe standard cubit of the Temple proportions 
was six, that of the vessels five hand-breadths. Sabb. 3l a 
■pail 'X the builder's cubit (instrument). — 'X is 'X square- 
cubit. Yoma 31"; a. e— Zeb. 62 b iiallS 'X (18115); Y. 
Yoma IV, 41 c bot. 11la5 a reduced cubit; v. SIS; also 
called mass 111525 13 'X a cubit of six hand-breadths 
pressed together (sorrowing), opp. to llplHU (TOJU5 13) 'X 
a cubit of six wide-spread (laughing) hand-breadths. 
Erub. 3 b . Y. Shek.VI, end, 50 b .— Gen.E. s. 31 -pp^ai ('X) 
Theban (Egypt.) cubit (?). B. Bath. 99 b 'pliffll 1"a lax 
land for digging a dyke of one cubit's width; 1"<3 'X 
■jliipl (Var. "pip, yiii&) land for a creek or pond for 
watering cattle and washing clothes, of one cubit's width. 
—3) (=S3SX) membrum virile. Sabb. 108 b . Nid. 13 a sq. 
B. Kam. 19\ — 4) prop, river-arm, hence canal, dyke, 
sewer. Peahll, 2 D^al 1BX. — Yoma V, 6 "p31S1a lixi lix 
'X3 the blood of both was mixed in the sewer; Tarn. 

III, 6; B.Mets. 33 a ; Y. Hor. HI, 48 b top THUSl (rV3) lax 
a sewer in the Temple called the duct of the arm-pit 
(from its shape; v. Grsetz Monatsschr. 1880, p. 289; 
[emendation tYUD unnecessary]; v. supra. — Pl.tftlS&cubits. 
Kel. XVII, 10; a. fr. 

5lZDi^ f. (b. h. ; v. tax ; cmp. preced.) hand-maid. Sot, 
12 b , v7 preced.; a. e.—Pl. lilax. Y. Snh.. II, 20 b bot.; v. 

anaa, anas, xrjnm ch. same. T arg . JO b 

XXXI, 137 Targ. Gen. XVI, 1 j a. fr.— Y. M. Kat. Ill, 81 d . 
—Meg. 18 a ; a. fr.— Erub. 53 b — PI. XllaX; 'jlaX. Targ. 
Gen. XX, 17 ; a. fr. 

Tilsit f. ch.=next w. Targ. O. Ex. XXI, 7 a, e. 
(Concrete: servant.); cmp. mix. 



rflfllQN f. (frost) servitude of a maid, servile con- 
dition. Mekh. Mishp., sect. 3 'St "inst lBVTp the father's 
privilege of giving away his daughter in marriage is 
valid even after having hired, her out as a servant. 

anros, awTO, v. ***. 

Sri(172^, P i. of strast. 

* n ^"liQ^, with -Q m. diver. R. Hash. 23 a ; B. Bath. 
74 b Ms. a. Ar. (ed. Wmi* IS). 

"pTOS* Y. Snh. IX, 27 a , read 'p'TOttt, pi. of laist. 

D153X, DIEPfcf m. (=enstast, denom. of tax) model, 
form, shoe-maker's' last, &c. Kel. XXVI, 4; XXIII, 1.— 

lb. XVI, 7 '31 iVnS *Jli) 'Stfl the block of the cap-makers; 
'ai ^Ui5> ^ffl of dressmakers. Sabb. 141 b Ms. M. (ed. bla^St, 
corr. ace); a. fr. 

"pQ&5 I m. (b. h. ; pst) «*•««*/ (homilet.) assist, tutor ; 
b)='last nursed (ivell-covered) ; guarded; c)=next w., 
metropolis, (great). Gen. B. s. 1. 

■jiQS II pr. n. pi. 1) (b. h. 'St Stli) No-Amon (Thebes) 
in Egypt. Gen. R. s. 1 {^Alexandria, the metropolis). — 
[*2) A., near Tyre. Y. Dem. II, '22 d top; Tosef. Shebi. 



IV, £ 






rtDIEN f. (b. h.; -pit) firmness, faith, honesty, surety. 
B. Bath. X,'g, a. e. lrilin itlilast b'J s6 at the time he ex- 
tended the loan, he did so not, because he was relying 
on his (the friend's) surety. lb. '31 'St ^3 pl» for in this 
case he did &c. Ab. Zar. 55 a liraast Hit law 136t shall 
we abandon our honesty? Hull. 133 b &HTlSa 'it pit Sama- 
ritans are (usually) not trusted. Tam. 28 a fWTii 'St- scn.- 
pulous honesty. V. Sliast. 

*D1HN '!K 1B3, Y. Sot. VII, 21 c bot., v. Mast. 

^"HlGsS m. (last) 1) speaker, lecturer, interpreter; 
esp. Amora, one who, in lengthy popular discourses, ex- 
pounds what the lecturer (Tanna, v. StSPi) says before 
him in brief and in a low voice; often called 'jarnitva 
Ex. B. s. 8, end '31 'StfTI .... aJTllflttJ 131233 as the lect- 
urer sits . . . and the Amora speaks in his presence.— 
Snh. 7 b 'Sta rV&8 Dip stand by him as an expounder. 
Taan. 8 a , a. fr. aJTTl rrts 'St ... . DipiSt S. . . . placed 
an Amora by his side and lectured. Sot. 40 a last! 
StaSa *rn ST^iaSt and his Amora gave a different reason. 
Hull. 15 a do people listen to the Tanna? W2 's6 they 
listen to the Amora. — 2) in a particular sense SfniaSt, 
Amora (Amoralm), that class of Talmudic authorities 
who lived after the final redaction of the Mishnah, and 
whose discussions on the opinions of the Tanna'im or 
authors of the Mishnah and Boraitha, are deposited in 
the Quemara, thus adding a second element to the dev- 
elopment of the oral law, called Talmud.— PI. VTiast. 
Y. Ber. I, 2 C top, a. e. 'St ilil two Amorai'm differ, for 
which Babli usually: . . . SObstl 1W4 h St"liast two Amoras 
differ in their relation (or conception) of the opinion 
of . . . Shebu. 40 b ; a. fr. 



nssTIDN m. (=preced.) teacher. Targ. Job III, 17. 
—PL rsoiast. Targ. Y. I, Num. XXI, 29. 

FlljrjID!^ ch. (=h. ^iast) Emorite. Targ. Gen. XV, 
16; a/fr.— I&th. 112 a 'St 12.— PL Wlast. Targ. Ex. Ill, 
8 ; a. fr.— 'st plti the chapter treating of idolatrous prac- 
tices (v. i-flast). Sabb. 67 a , (v. Tosef. Sabb. ch. VII, sq.). 

WTO *tf 13, v. Wiast. 

"HIDXm. (b. h.) Emorite; Emorean. Gen. B. s. 41 
none among the nations are 'Sta flfflp more obstinate 
than the Em.— Trnsf. Emorean, superstitious, heathen- 
like. 'Stfi "'ail superstitious practices. Sabb. 67 a , a. fr. 
'Stfl "Wl Dlffia 13 -pst is not to be looked upon (not for- 
bidden) as an imitation of &c. ; 'Strt ''ail dTOa la IZT it 
is forbidden because it has the appearance of super- 
stitious practices. 

fcTHIDN m. (Ila, la 1 ') exchange. Esth. E. to J, 
l b , fV^Tiast isa his hostages; v. StS^aist for corr. vers. 

WnW, v. w(w. 

1I3HS (abbrev. of next w.) on account of, for the 
sake of. Ber. 56 a bot. '3T still 'St for the sake of thy zuz 
(which has been refused, v. Ms. M. in Babb. D. S. a. 1.) 
shall the wardrobe of the king go to ruin? Lev. B. s. 27 
'3 stfSa 'St for the sake of the tender cattle.— "Ofl 'St, 
lanb 'St therefore. Naz.25 a . B. Kam. 71 ab (Ms. H. iiaast 
■nil); a. fr. V. last. 

blTffiQSS (=biua bs ; \na, V>a) for the protection of, 
whence (=h. 1?a, V?i2) for the sake of, on account of&c. 
Targ. Y. Lev. IX, 7 ; a. fr. V. Viaa and preced. w. 

SSrDTOQS^preced., only with suffix of personal 
pronoun. Targ. Y. Lev. IX, 7 T\P\ ■ ■ . .=h. "psa. Targ. 
Job I, 10 ST*rfs . . . around him (protecting him). Targ. 
Ps. VII, 8 Stfirfsaast for her sake; a. e.— Keth. 67 b 
frvfettaast for his sake. 

^BOS, v. Wast. 

SSrTOQN f. (aia M.)balances, scales. Pesik. B'shall. 
p. 82 aT ; v. BtMTpSt." 

buz*, m 7hqm, v. ^*. 

mSBX, v. stfW. 

Tfi*, v. stast. 

U^DS; Af. of aia. 

llta'BS, v. Iia ? ^ast. 

5$* j'O'J-ltf Tosef. Maasr. Ill, 6 ed. Zuck'., v. srtaan. 

jansa'ras, sn^ss, xskiw t. &*«*, »w ; 

l^ast, DS, v. aast; cmp. staaini) darkness, dense cloud, 
mist. Targ.Deut. IV, .11. Targ., II Chr. VI, 1, ed. Beck. 
'aS; a. e.— Gen. R. s. 44 (transl. fia^S). 



p'D^^^, ]lDTm m. (afifavtoc, auiavrov) 
atniant, a variety of asbestos from which the reputed 
asbestos linen was spun, which was cleansed by being 
thrown into the fire. Cant. E. to IV, 11 ; Pesik. B'shall. 
p. 92 a . [Deut. B. s. 7, end plrtSX; Midr. Till, to Ps. 
XXIII, 2 'j'ra'Wl; Talk. Deut. 850 •pu^ax; corr. ace.]— 
Deriv. "jiBS^afi, read 'jBS'^Bin he who cleanses the amianf. 
Y. Sabb. VII, 10 c top. 

.■Nrp" 1 K)S Snh. 44 a Ar., v. Xrl^a. 
11133^ v. li-^ax. 

"TOtf, "l^Q^ (part. pass, of lax) told, proclaimed, 
commanded. Targ. Mic. V, 1. Targ. Mai. I, 6; a. fr. 

nn^S^I f. (laXI) 1) speaking, speech. Gen. B. s. 5, 
beg. "11311 X^> 'X xb ho (power of) speech or word; a. fr.— 
'X Xrt this is speech, i. e. this is right. Y. Snh. IV, 22 b top ; 
VI, beg. 23 b . T. B. Kam. IX, beg. 6 d (contracted) 'Xn 
same.— 2) the word amar (lax) in the Scripture text. Y. 
Snh. VII, 25 b bot. '31 'X "|X3 laX3 here amar is used &c; as 
well as amar here indicates that the word is considered 
a deed&c; a. e. — 3) dedication (cmp. d^WX. Kidd. I, 6 
'31 Snl53& irniax dedication to the Lord (by word of 
mouth)is equal to what deliveryis in private transactions. 
—PI. nwos mostly in the sense of 2). Num. E. s. 14, end 
d^TPSl 'X texts in which amar and tsivvah occurja.fr. 

fTP/D^II f. (v. preced. 3); cmp. Ps.IV, 5 ; XCVI, 10 ; 
Is. Ill, 10)' 1) proclamation, receiving homage. Ex. E. 
s. 29 when a human king '31 'xb X3£li comes forth for a 
reception of homage, he comes forth singly (not with 
his army). — 2) distinction, ornament. Yalk. Ex. 244, v. 

UtrPElSS, i<rP!2ri f. (dax, dan) ammi, Bishop's 
weed (v. LowPflzn. p.260 ; Eashi=XWa mint). Tosef. Sabb. 
XIV (XV), 13 'X (Var. In). Sabb. 128 a ; 140 a , v. X^3. 
Tosef. Kil. Ill, 12, Var. (ed, Zuck. XBian). 

TTOa, v. nss. 

^QN m. (nax) true, truthful. Y. Ber. VII, ll c . 
Gen. R. s. 70 do ye not admit 'X SpSC that Jacob was 
truthful? lb. s. 78. [In later Hebrew: real.] 

JjDsS Af. of tjla or tea. 

*TfiDZ22$ Koh. E. to VI, 1 '=1 'X nrs IS prob. to 
be read '31 msip3>a nn IX flW3a nh IX either one bites 
him (v. fl35) or one stings him — what benefit has he (the 
keeper of the obnoxious beasts) of them? 

■pjibas, v. r?^. 
bbiqa or bbn«, v. w 

^baN;, v. txeb&n, 

tfybn^, ^"Vun't (|xsXa8poM) main-beam of 
the ceiling, ceiling; beam projecting outside the house, 
cornice. Brub. 3 a (differ, opinions as to the meaning of 



our w.).—Pl. hiaopftax, nix'nsfca. Erub. 1. c. 'X. Midd. 
Ill, 7 'a. 

D/QN, UU2 (b. h. daS; j^dX, DS to be pressed, 
dark; cmp. dX; dan a. deriv.; v. xnB">aX) to grow dim, 
(in b. h. also to obscure, excel; v. infra). Sabb. 77 b -; 
Ber. 53 b ; Pes. 75 b niaaix d^n.1 (or niaaW) dying coals 
(question as to spelling decided in favor of S by refer- 
ence to Ezek. XXXI, 8 'the cedars did not obscure him, 
i. e. excel his beauty). 

*|D5$ (b. h.; l/dX, v. dX; cmp. riHX) to arrange in 
lines, array. Ukts. II, 5 nuts 'Saxa which one arranged 
(Var. Ar. "paniS which one piled)!— Denom. T9IX expert, 
skilful, whence 

Pi. "jax, "a^X to make skilful, to train. Sabb. 103 a 
Vn nx IBXa he trains his hand (piacticing). V. next w. 

lQS^I (j/dX, v. dX; cmp. preced.) to be strong, en- 
during; (act. v. lax to support, v. II Kings XVIII, 16 
ni3ax).— Pt.* ( B"W, , )HK to support; trnsf.fo confirm, verify, 
approve. Tosef. Ter. I, 4 it is not the minor that made 
it T'rumah mnx •jBiJtffi rax X^X Var. (ed. Zuck. ycixr) 
but his father who confirmed his act (=ib. T Vs diip) ; 
Y. ib. 40 b mi b'-J 'x. ib. c top faxa. 

Nif. 'faxi (b. h.) 1) part, 'jaxi m., H3aX.3 f. approved, trust- 
worthy, reliable. PeahVIII,2 '31 *» d^aXi (the poor) may 
be relied upon concerning garnered fruit &c, i.e. if they 
declare the fruits to be the poor man's share, they are 
exempt from tithes. Keth. I, 6 H3aX3 her statement is 
acted upon as true. Ab. Zar. 16 b 'pin "fc> '3 my judge is 
a reliable witness concerning me, i.e. I appeal to thy own 
judgment that I.could not have engaged in such follies.— 
Dem. II, 2 if one resolves '3 niVli to be one of the reliable 
(conscientious in giving tithes) ; a. fr. — 2) to be confirmed. 
Y. Sot. II, 18 b top diiann ttax;; " ( ax Amen means, May 
the words (of the oath) be fulfilled. 

Eif. 'paxn (b. h.) to declare trustworthy, to trust, be- 
lieve in. Dem.' VII, 1 13iaxa 131X Xlrtl but he (the invited 
guest) trusts himnotin tithe affairs. Ib.3; a.fr. — Ab. Zar. 
16 b "pS>3> i3Fl3axni Wtlrl ed.Pes.,EnYak.(v.Eabb.D.S.a.l. 
note; ed. ^FiiaXri Sof; since thou didst declare me a reli- 
able witness unto thyself (appealing to my judgment), v. 
supra; [Ms. M. ^bs naaxn thou reliedst on me]. Ch., 
v. ■ja-ft 

"jQfrJlI m. (b. h.; v. preced.) firm, straight, whence 
1) Amen!, true! so may it be! Shebu. 36 a '31 TO13B 13 'X 
in Amen is implied an oath, a promise, and a prayer 
for fulfillment. Ab. Zar.65 a ; a. fr.— 2) fern., the response 
Amen. Ber. 47 a HSIon 'x an Amen hastily pronounced 
('men) ; hSlBp 'X an Amen cut short (awe-) ; naW 'X an 
orphan Amen, the responder not having heard the bene- 
diction to which the Amen refers; Tosef. Meg. IV (III), 27. 

n3Q5< f.(b.h.; v.preced.) 1) faith, trust. B.Bath. 48 b ; 
"K.etti. \ft h " ii -witnesses say Wtt^ ^r\ 'tf. oxot steteiaiexvt 
(over our signatures as to having seen the loan^handed 
over) was a matter of trust (that the negotiation- would 
be consummated afterwards). Ib. 'X 1BU1 a bill of 



indebtedness signed on trust (that the loan would be 
consummated subsequently). B. Mets. 63 a hl"P&a 'S 
advanced payment at present prices for future delivery; 
finals 'X with the option of paying the difference. Gen. 
E. s. 100 end, 'X lai» to deal in good faith with. Tosef. 
B.Bath. V, 8 rVfrah njas honesty in measures. B.Mets.49 a 
'it "Hblha (the way of) those lacking honesty (unfair deal- 
ing); Bekh.l3 b 'S "ibiha; a. ft.— 2) faith in Providence. 
Mekh. B'shall. s. 6, v. hiash. Sot. 48 b 'S iffiJS men of 
faith, trusting in God; ib. 'S i5Bp wanting in faith; Gen. 
E. s. 32 'X l&ina same; a. fr. Cmp. (Was, haash. 

(132X11 pr. n. 1) (b. h.) Amanah, Abanah (Banas), 
a river crossing the city of Damascus. Targ. II Kings 
V, 12.— 2) hi*S, bisas (bias), ^ias Amanah, hellenized 
Amanos, Amanon &c. (Banias), a mountain range form- 
ing the northern limits of the Holy Land. Tosef. Ter. 
II, 12 bisas (Var. yam, ypab). lb. Hall. II, u 6W 
(Var. -psas). Git. 8 a ^...(Ar. tnv&, D^ad); Y. Hall. IV, 
60 a bot. bias (ref. to hias Cant. IV, 8). Shebi. VI, 1 ; 
Hall. IV, 8 (Ms. M. la...); Ex. E. s. 23. V. billlB. 

ftoa, Ol'MSt, v. preced. 

XfVUlQit Y.. Keth. IV, 28 d top, v. JXMDalS. 

DJDitf, v. hjaSII. 

^131522^, v. ! 



"^BaS. 

*^TaaiDas, tfaaisaa, saais^ p eS ik. 

B'shall. p. 86 b , Yalk. Sam. 152, corrupt, of SBaisriBbS, 

or saisiiBbs q. v. 

^TOTD)*, m^EOS, Pirke d'Eabbi Eliez. 
ch. XLII 'X Milbh Ar. (in ed. our w. omitted); read 
ri'PJ'weB'iK (denom.of 'i^pSX q.v.) glass-windoivs. 

TrcmBJoa, v. -ria^totj. 

^■fiSQN, p-li&DN m. pi. (IjMropoi) travelers, 
traders. Targ. Y. I Gen. XXV, 3 (a gloss to preceding 
■pari; Targ. Y. II inserts pais for W&®\; h. text 
bi-illBS). Ib. XLVI, 23 (h. text biffin). [Gen. E. s. 61, 
quoting Targ. Gen. XXV, 3, reads 'p&lbl] 

'N^saa, ^bsoa, ' n s:$ 'baja f . (P i. f 

Ijj/tciXiov, impilia) (pair of) felt-shoes, in gen. shoes, socks. 
Kel.XXVII,6. Yeb.XII, 1. Ib.l02 b Ha *>Ti5'S cloth-shoes; 
TO i«B 'S leather-covered shoes; a. fr.— PZ. hixVVEOS, 
'P83S, hii^SaS, "pl^MS .pairs o/"<fec. Sabb. 120 a ; Y. ib. 
XVI, 15 d "k ihffl two'pairs &c. Gen.E. s. 61. Yeb. 102 b . 

"^pais as to form) the merchant's money-chest into tvhich 
receipts are dropped through a slit. Shebu. VII, 6 (45 a ) 
"btim Mish. Nap. (Ar. 'l&aS, ed. 'SIS; Y. '5S; v. Eabb. 
D. S. a. 1. note 10). Tosef. Maas. Sh. IV, 11 ed. Zuck. 
IWW (ed. -bpilK, fblpSlS). Ib. Shebu. VI, 4 ^aSlK ed. 
Zuck. (corr. ace; oth. ed. K^SIS). Cmp. >BMK. 



"1 TuIDQkS m. (imperator) commander, Roman 
Emperor. Lam. E. to I, 5 'S -^an 131a Ar. (ed. sa^ai 
IIB^SS *nSa, v. 151a) be saluted, my lord, the Emperor. 
Tanh. Mikkets, 9 IIBIISaS, 11B*PBa1S (corr. ace.) 

Y T2t& (b. h. ; |/bS, cmp. bas, ]>ah) to press, harden, 
■J?n ixais hard-hearted. Tosef. Sot. XIV, 7; v. infra. 

Pi. ym, ^a"<S 1) to »nafee strong, to strengthen. Y. 
Taan. Ill, 66 d all shall be ~\ro "pS&Sa strengthening' 
thy power (assist thee). Snh. 44 b '31 iaSX> ^asa who con- 
centrates his energies for prayer.— 2) to press, close; to 
make impervious. Sot. 47 b bin isasa those who close 
their.hearts, the hard-hearted ; v. supra. [Sabb. XXIII, 5 
nan ns "paasa Y. ed. (Mish. 'aSa, Bab. I5i b passs, 
Ms. M. 'asa) to close the eyes of a deceased person. 
Tosef. ib. XVH (XVIII), 19 ys'A ed. Zuck. (Var. yasi). 
Sabb. 77 b 'ai y aasa is psasa is m'dmm'tsin (I. c.) spelt 
with S or with S? Answer by ref. to bXIS Is. XXXIII, 
15(!).] V. SSalS. 

Hithpa. fasnn to fee efosetL Tosef. 1. c. nisasna 
"ih^Sa they will be closed of themselves. 

SS3N m. (v. Ssa; /fa; cmp. b. h. T|in, ^R, b^ash) 
{lying in a press], whence' — 'S3 «« Wse centre, between 
two extremes. Y. Hag. II, 77 a bot. 'S3 "j^m he must 
walk between the extremes. B. Mets. 70 b 'S3 ^aSh 11; 
Y. Ab. Zar. I, 40 a top 'S3 ilSh SaSS the hand [finger] of 
the gentile is between, i.e. he has a share in it; a. ft. — 
2) common fund, estate. B.Bath.X, 7 'ab "Offih the profit 
belongs to the common fund. Ib. IX, 3 'sb muffin they 
improved for the common- fund, i. e. the profit must be 
equally divided. Ib. 144 b 'Sh ya from the estate; a. fr. 
Cmp.Ssa, 'jlje^a.— [Also in Ch. Targ. Job II,- 8 (Ms. 52a) 
Targ. Y.' II, Num. XXII, 24 'S3 between.'] 

ni3?SDN f. (v. preced.) centre. Y. Snh. I, 18 a bot. 
nmssasa b''a the Mem is in the middle of the alphabet. 

"S'lQ^ m., T^VIW, i. (preced.) central, middle. ~- 
Erub. V,' 2 'Hit the intermediate village, opp. tmSTl; 
a. ft. — Shebi. Ill, 4 hi . . . Xn the central part of the 
field, lying in the middle. Kil. IV, 8 ; a. fr.— PI. b^SSaK, 
l^SSaK m.; hiiSSaS f. Y. Peah II, 17 a top; a. e.— Y. 
Ber.II, 4 d bot. 'Sh (sub. rn5"0) the intermediate (central) 
sections of the benedictions (between the first three and 
the last three). Kil. V, 2 'Sh the central garden beds; 
a. fr. 

mm m., N£T5Sn» f.ch. same, also as a noun. 
Y. B. Kani. IV, 4 b top' i' was present '«ai .... Stll)i-ia 
at the discussion on the first, the last, and of the inter- 
mediate clause (or case). Ber. 3 a ; a. e. 

"lO^I (b. h.; ]/b«, v. bS; cmp. lah, laS) (a) to 
join, knot; to be hnotted,thich ; b)to heap up; c) transf. to 
join words, compose, cmp. "jai; d) to contract, bargain, 
exchange. [As to Assyr. to see, cmp. sah.]) 1) to speak, 
think, say, relate &c. . . . "1 'S . . . "1 'S Eabbi .... related 
in the name of E. . . . Ber. 3 b ; a. v. fr.— Part. pass. "TO!* 
expression. Yoma 70 b , a. fr. '31 'fXn Sin it is the same 



e ram') used here and in the . Book of 
Numbers. Sifre Deut. s. 334, a. fr. Sinsa lia8 say from 
now, i. e. from this draw the conclusion. Gen. E. s. 39 
'31 rr-raTO lajtfi (usu. ia8n 8BiU) will you say (is it 
possible), this castle has no commander?— tPim !"ia3 
Q11108 (abbr. X"13) in what case are these words said? 
i. e. this applies only. Hull. 3 a ; a. fr. — niol8 (181 this 
tells, i. e. this proves. Ber. ll l> ; a. fr.— 11»8 it is said, 
told &c; v. next w.— Inf. 1aft=1a8>. Hag. T 14 b ; a. fr.— 
2) to vow, devote. (filSSV)' llax devoted to the Lord. 
Succ. 55 b ; v. rrmtf, 3, a. dillaiX. 

Nif. lax'3 (b.h.) to be said, to read... "firb '31 ..."|83 '83 
we read here .... and we read there . . . (the same ex- 
pression is used here and there in the Scriptural text). 
Ber. 9 a ; a. v. fr— 1a8SlB (abbr. 'SIB, '83B) for it is said 
in the Scriptures (as evidence in favor of an opinion). 
Snh. X, 1; a. v. fr.; also '3IU fia3 (133) as it is said.— 
'3!B dlffia because it is said in the Scriptures, i. e. you 
may possibly be misled by a certain expression to think . . . ., 
therefore another term is used in its stead in an anal- 
ogous case, or added to the ambiguous word; v. dllU. 

""IQN>, ~\U# ch. .1) as preced. 1). Targ. Gen. I, 3; a. 
v. fr. — la '8 above you quoted an authority, or, it has 
been stated. Ber. 2 a ; a. fr.— 81p '8 the Scripture says. 

lb. 13 a ; a. fr.— Y. Orl. Ill, end, 63 b , a. fr btt» ri31138 

(in Bab. heb. filial*) they said it in behalf of . . . i. e. 
as a tradition.— Y. ' Ber. I, 2 d S"lla8 mrf>ia his word 
(statement, opinion &c.) proves. — SllaX Xli1=mal8 081; 
v. preced.— ilax (h. -11a8) they say, it is said. Sabb. 19 a 

'=1 rib iia8i . .' . is lAi flax it is told about R , 

and another relation refers this to R. — ; a. fr. — 1B8p, 
ila8p&c.=1BX8p&c. Hull. 85 a ; a.fr.— 81am 83a whence 
dost thou- prove? Sabb. 23 a ; a. ix.—Inf. laTa, 8laia. 
'a 126, 'ai 13& originally he was of the opinion. 'Y. 
Sabb. VI, 8 C top; Keth. 87 b ; a. v. fr.— Nltfva!? does this 

mean t o say ? Sabb . 1 5 b ; a. f r 1=38 ... 8^>8 "pa8 8^ this 

has been said, i. e. this applies only to a case .... but 
if ... . Ber. 43 b ; a. fr. — laite as if saying, meaning to 
say, viz; v. 1^3.— Y. Kil. IV,' 32 c bot. '31 i33*> 'pliaT* 
say ye to &c— la^ai fa" 1 !* "Wo, v. 8318; Answ. 1iai8 
say .... Sabb. 6 a ; a. fr.— Hor. 13 a hblS '8 who orders 
every thing (as an etymol. of 5»3la8).— 2) to praise, 
proclaim. Targ. Is. VIII, 13; a. fr.— Part. pass. Iiax 
q. v. 

Ithpe. 1axn8, contr. lanx, 'FP8 it is said, taught. 
Targ. Job XXXIV, 31.— Y.' Yoma V, end, 43 a nia8r.8, 
contr. Pilaws it has been said with refer, to the opinion 

of —'PS, W» it has been said (above); we have 

been taught. Succ. 15 a ; a. fr. 

Ithpa. 1K8r,8 same. Targ. Gen. XXII, 14; a. e. 



"int*II (b. h.; 1/Di 



a) to be thick, 



Eif. i^axn l) to thrive; to boast, vaunt, be oppressive 
(cmp. Ps. XCIV, 4). Sot. IX, 15 (49 b ) l-votf? IpV the 
nobility shall be oppressive (Snh. 97 a fflS'' ; Der. Er. Zut. X 
nW; Cant. R. to II, 13 him).— *[2) (denom. of 8">la to 



fatten. Sabb. XXIV, 3 (155 b ) Bab. fl^asa, Ms.Oxf., Mish. 
a. Y. diiaa, 'paa, v. ">ia.] 

~ID5^, v. la^x a. nia8. 
"1735* lamb > v - " 1 ^- 

rHDfcf f. (b. h. ; lax) speech. * Gen. B. s. 42 play on 
Amrapliel, fi^ttH '8 (quot. in Ar. s. v. "USD!*) obscure 
speech (ed. '88 iniiax nrHTO).— PZ.niiax, constr. niiax. 
Pesik. Parah, p. 30 b (promises); Tanh/llukk. 4. Pesik. 
E. s. 14. 

^HDltf Af. of iia. 

n1 "lDH, v. 8i1la8 a. 8SH318. 

*bi3Tg«, bsTga ('my, m y. Dial, ^ia, M»ia 

m. (=teVa; fr. -|ba'; 1 'for b for euphony) counsellor, 
officer &c. Targ. Is. XXII, 23 (h. text ini, LXX fip- 
)£OVTa). Targ. Y. Num. I, 6 sq. (corresponding to UJ81 
28 M3, 8HU3, l^pS &c; 0. ib. Ill, 32 8^3138); a. fr.— 
Esp. Amarkal, one of the seven Temple trustees super- 
intending the cashiers. Tosef. Shek. II, 15 (etymol. b'S la 
b=n mastering all, v. la; cmp. Hor. 13 a &6l3 108). Y. 
ib. V, 49 a ; a. fr.— PI (h.) Ditela8, "p!?31aX (ch.) X^31a8, 
•pVi3lB8 &c. Targ. II Kings XXII, 4 (h. text tpn ilattJ); 
a. fr.— Shek. V, 2. Tosef. 1. c; Y. 1. c. (=dHipS II Chr. 
XXXI, 13); a. e. V. ",ba a. deriv. 



■Nb-IEN, v. *VraK. 

bD"1D^ (b. h.) pr. n. m. Amraphel, 



King of Shin'ar 



'©D5< m. (b. h.; ]/d8; cmp. 8hB"<aX) 1) tivilight, 
evening,' nightfall. Pesik. Vayhi.p. 63 b ; Pesik. R. s. 17 
PilSh 1S(1) '8a from nightfall to midnight.— 2) (adv.) 
this evening, last night. Meg. 3 a , a. e. '31 dri>Bi3 '8 this 
evening you neglected the evening offering. — Snh. 40 b 
151S1 '8 last night he killed him. B. Mets. 60 a Biiaa! 
'8 iffl dregs of last night (yesterday), opp. to dlVl; a. fr. 

ilDN! f. (b. h.;=MB8; ^8) truth, faith, reality. Y. 
Snh. XI, 30 c top '8 dhb bread of truth, unfeigned hospi- 
tality. Gen. E. s. 96 '8 blB ISM true (unseMsh) charity. 
Y. Meg. I, 70 a top min bl25 RFpB83 as the Law itself, i.e. 
as though the Scroll of Esther were the Pentateuch, Y. 
Shebu. VI, 37 a top di131 ill) "|fi">a8 the truth of &c. 
Num. B. s. 12 '31 hUh bffl '8 the truth of the Law is 
a weapon (of protection) to its owner. — 11a8 '83 in fact 
they said that &c. Sabb. I, 3; a. fr.— B. Mets. 60 a , a. e. 
I* 1 !"! nsbn 11B8 '83 SO wherever an opinion is introduced 
with the words 'In fact they said' it means to say that 
it is an established legal rule. Y. Sabb. I, 3 b bot., a. e. 
'31 '83 131B1B a"3 wherever the Mishnah says, 'In fact', 
it indicates a rule dating from Moses on Sinai, i. e. an 
ancient tradition; v. Frank. Darke p. 286.— '811 indeed? 
Tanh. Noah, 10 (ed. Bub. 15, corr. ace); v. &1-J318. 

iClH^ f. ch.=h. na8. 1) cubit. Targ. Ex. XXV, 10; 
a. fr.— Y. Sot. VIII, 22 c bot. 8MB18 '8 a cubit has six 



«na« 



hand-breadths; a. fr. — 2) membrum virile. M. Kat. 17 a 
rfflBXX* rrplo stung him on v his membrum.— 3) trnsf. 
enclosure; protection (cmp. nain). awil 'X enclosure 
of the millstones, mill. Ber. w\—Pl. "p53X (fr. X»X). Targ. 
Ezek. XL, 5 ; a. fr. XrTlBX. Hull. 59 b 'X Sffln nine cubits. 

StfrOstf hand-maid, v. xriax. 

ninQ5< f. pi. tte use of the word -nax. Ber. 31 b ffliB 
'X three times -nax (I Sam. 1,11; Ms. M. niitax). 

S5riDi$ (Y. X^na) m. (cmp. h. bttia) something 
tangible (='ffiaa ia IMS lai); plausible reason for cor- 
recting or retracting an evidence. Keth. 22 a 'X nSM nK 
'31 if she offers a reasonable explanation of her contra- 
dictory statements, her second one is accepted. Gitt. IX, 9 
'X dffl Xi"!"> fc6a) laiai provided no reasonable explanation 
is offered to show how the report may have arisen by 
mistake; a. fr. V. X^na. 

"sOnQiS pr. n. f. Amathlai, legendary name of 
Abraham's mother (ibJIS fa 'X), and of Haman's mother 

(xrvaTis na 'x). b. Bath. 9i a . 

"jnD^ m. (denom. of fia^X ; i absorbed by preceding X ; 
cmp. next w.) one who rules through fear, tyrannical. 
PI. "^hax. Der. Br. II, beg.; cmp. E. Hash. 17 a . V. )fpi$. 

"jilQiS f. ch. (v. preced.) fear-inspiring, powerful. 
Dan. VII, 7 (quot. Gen. E. s. 44 'a">X; Ex. E. s. 25 13riaiX; 
Lev. E. s. 13 'a-W a. 'aX; Yalk. Gen. 77; Lev. 536 'ax). 
[Ges. H. Diet. "Wax, not found in editions, fr. ina to be 
strong; cmp., however, inax a. fnaixj [Edit. Letteris, 
Berl. 5644 a. m., iStWK.] 



if, v. V*. 
(t>. h.) wA<?r, 



'fib whither. Ab. Ill, 1 



IN, jN ch. same; (interrog.) where? Targ. Gen. 
IV, 9 T ; a. ~e.— Y. Yoma VIII, 44 d bot. ffift ",a -,X (read 
. . "JN IjQ) wherefrom this? i. e. where is your authority? 
Y. Yeb. XII, 12 d bot. -pb 1&6 S56 )f\n of what use is this 
old man to thee?; a. e.— (relat.) where, wherever. Lev. 
E. s. 27 beg. '31. mm nx 'X (Yalk. Ps. 727 )ft) wherever 
thou givest, thou givest abundantly. 

fcOJtf (b. h.) oh! I pray. Succ. Ill, 9. Yoma VI, 2. 

&C!S<, emph. X33X ch.=h. ^ax, I. X3X Xti contr. X3XH. 
TargTd! Gen.XXII,Y;a.fr.— Hull.2 b '31 'X as to myself &c. 
Y. Taan. IV, 68 d bot. '31 tpbffla X33X1 that I myself should 
surrender the country.— PI. )il< we. Targ. Y. Gen. 
XLIII, 8; a. e — Ber. 49 b 'X ^m let us see; a. fr— Xjr^X, 
X3H3. Targ. 0, Gen. 1. c. ; a. fr — 

N3SSI, i) v. sm- *2)=x;x -,x if I. 

^33^! I=xaiXI, fruit, produce. Dan. IV, 9.— Targ. 
Job XXXI, 12;'a. e. 

fc^SSSlI, xaa^X f. (=saa^S) [berries], eggs of lice, 
nits. Naz. 39 a . Taan. 22 1 ' '3X ■»= rrt ilfina Ar. (Ms. M. 



'3^X ^a "nnai, ed. xa^X ■'inna) looked as small as &c. ; 

fem, W^K, p£^, NJ3MK m. (v. xaa_=; 
whence 8|a°lxo?, SjxjBi^, ambiga) a small cup; a measure 
containing one fourth of a Log. B. Bath. 58 b on the 
gates of ... it is written, '31 pB3X 5a3X (Ms. differ, order) 
Anbag, Anpak a. Antal (as the same measures). Kid. 70 a 
XM3X la ina^ will you take a cup (of wine &c.)? [Popular 
pronunciation: anpak.] Sabb. 109 b XpSSX; a.e. 

biSJNl m. (=^iaps, v. Waax) clapper of a bell.— PI. 
trtiaiX,' V •••• Zeb. 88 b Ar. (ed. f^SS). Tosef.Kel. B. 
Mets.1, 13 diVraJKh fb hffis) ed.Zuck.(readDiVia=X Dili.. .) 
if he put clappers in. lb. IrvVnsx (corr. ace). 

m'fcnjTlia^^.y. |ibp ? aax. 

^DilDSS f. (aai;=b.h. n&xa) observatory, watch-tower, 
battlement. PI. nixaaax. Ex. B, s. 12 the hailstones 
formed 'X 'X lines of battlements; (Midr. Till, to Ps. 
lxxviii bfta). V. x-oiaax. 

"liSjlS m. pi. (v. preced.) platforms or elevations 
erected for public spectacles. Yalk. Esth. 1058 all the 
people shall go out 'X )i1fb (read 'X "iflifb; Lev. E. s. 28, 
end iDIS )lfb, corr. ace.) to the spectacular elevations, 
for a Jew (Mordecai) is to be hanged. V. X":iaax. 

btua, v. wa?x. 

p38, v. pasx. 
mfcDpS3N, v. fbp-iiaax. ■ 
&1BM8, v. &1OTSX. 

*OTD' 1 Ji^ Yalk. Ps. 794; &ia&i:,X Gen. E. s. 12, 'X 
rei-iaa (Ar. Ga&xaJX) read liB&ii:;_ ('a.1X) m. (quaestor, 
xuat'cTcop) qucestor provincialis, assistant of the consul. 
1^123 X">a ... 'X (read nil!)) the quaestor in the province 
is appointed over its roads, v. X*a. 

pi^m v. x : ™x. 

O^'D'^ltf Y. Ter. VIII, 46 c top, read &iai35ilX. 

"fiT3D" 1 JPI}$ read liap^MXm. (6vu)(i<j'nf]p=ovo^iaT^- 
piov) knife or scissors for cutting nails. Tosef. Kel. B. 
Mets. Ill, 12 (ed. Zuck. nab^ax corr. ace). Nid. 17 a 
ila&US; M. Kat. 18 a XTJ&13J (Ms. M. 1TJ&1M, v. Ar. s. v. 

" 1 b33!^, ^b33S m. pi. (ocyysXoi, v. Perles Et. St. 
p. 113) messengers, angels. Targ. Job XV, 15; a. e. 

"pbJOtf, v. t^;s. 

S^"1^3^ (read X"iia3X?) pr. n. pi. Ancyra, a city of 
Galatia T "in Asia Minor. B. Mets. 46 b X113X1 XpX^X 13^ 
Ms. M. (ed. X^3X1 Xp3X, Var. Xp^3, 6tp" , ';iK; v. Eabb. 
D. S. a. 1. note, Ar. Compl. ed. Koh. si v.' X'naax) the 
Bithynian and the Ancyrean Denars, one of which was 



repealed by the central Government, the other by the 
local authority. V. XpJJOSX. [Ancyra prob. . of Semitic 
origin, v. XII^S a. XliifX.] ' 

rat) commissioner or superintendent of forced public 
labor; v. X}"153X. Pesik. B'shall. 92 b 'X ">3ahx (for Var. 
v. Bub., note) was appointed angareutes. 

"wiaraa, rwnm '»«, Gen.E.s. 64 

'X "f=h1, prob. to be read X^a3X 11 . . ., as in Esth. E. 
introd. [B. Bath. 8 a ; Ned. 62 b " aisia'nt*.] 

sS" J»jjN f. (aYyopEi'a, angaria) forced labor, service, 
esp. seizure for public services or works. Y. Ber. I, 2 d 
bot. '31 'X3 rviXrVK I was pressed into service to carry 
myrtles &c. B. Mets. VI, 3 (78 a ) 'X rTOS3 (the ass) was 
seized for public service. lb. 78 b hlTin 'JO in the case 
that the animal pressed into service is sent back again. 
Lev. B. s. 12 NM-ilaa 'X ywatt} they heard that seiz- 
ure for public service was to take place in the coun- 
try. Esth. E. introd. 'X It "[bfn halakh (Ezra IV, 13) 
means angaria (v. X3iai153X). Snh. 101 b ; a. iv.—Pl. 
nii"lS3X. Lev. B. s. 23 'XI .... fSM -,™» S"3>X though 
annonse and angaries are collected from them. Yalk. 
Esth. 1051 tnim iffl 'X levies of women (for the king).— 
Trnsf. 'SO as a forced labor, reluctantly. Midr, Till. Ps. 
CXII.— Pesik. E. s. 21 B-nSSSO Sj&B (corr. ace.) not as a 
forced labor. 

WnX2X, Cntta v. preced. . 

■■D^anaa, 



Dl'DlMS corrupt, of Oia^iiax. 

■nroiiax, v. m*. 

" I )5&' 1 ' : J^ m. pi. (a Babylonian adoption of ecdicus, 
v. Sip-nix," 6lpi13x) syndics, state-officials. B. Bath. 55 a 
'31 'X imbsx ^3X Ar. (ed. omit lHlbxx') but if the syn- 
dics exempted him from taxes, it is like a divine grant. 

S©"^^ m., MS^X f., v. next w. 

-*W3«, t>^N m. pi. (b. h. riOTM; tpj or t)M) 
foc^s or ringlets falling from the temples. Sabb. VIII, 4 
'X rVHBSfc ins enough toilet material to make side curls 
(Mish. Pes. iB^fflX, Nap. "<S-J3X, Talm. "tilx). lb. 80 b i«a 
'X ">xai ;n3JO wliat locks are meant by kilkul, and what 
by andife'i Answ. the upper and the lower &c. lb. "i lax 
'=1 ns^x iax 'i "iai pnsi Ms. M. (ed. ... "i lax x'bx 
XS^JXX . . . lax) B. Isaac of the school of ... . (in recit- 
ing that Mishnah) used the word andifah (in the sing.) 
upon which B. . . . asked 'Will a person waste his 
money' (i. e. of what use is the material for one curl so 
as to make a person guilty of a transgression when car- 
rying it on the Sabbath)? lb. XtnSx XS^liX ">Xa by andifa 
(in the sing.) is meant the lock on the forehead. lb. 
'31 hifiiWJO ITWta Ms. M. (ed. incorr. i&">1S50) it stung 
him on his forehead and he died. {Bashi :=i'ST 1 "l !] '" 



blp^K, Dj^JN m., a popular corrupt, of ecdicus, 

v. &1pi15,x'a. ipD^JX." 

*&lp 1 H' 1 13S m. pi. Esth. B. to I, 12, a corruption; 
according to the sense it may have been 'ppi^XiSp 
(xataSixoi) convicts. 

**nroi38, nfonax, i-istr™, a corrup- 
tion of Xap^SIX or XOpiW^lx f. (vindicta, Gr. form 
(BivSixxa, outvStxxa) manumission of a slave by declar- 
ation before court (v. Sm. Ant. s. vv. Manumissio and 
Pileus). Gitt. 20 a but does not go free MSPS Y'Sffi ansa 
'XI (ought to have read 'XI lrt&*ttS, v. infra) by referring 
to his wearing a freedman's cap or to a vindicta; Y. 
ib.IV, 45 d trWa pTSISTl nS35 (read SttapilJilSI) ; Treat. 
Abadim ch. Ill (ed. Kirchh.) XBplDSXS. XXV (corr. ace). 
[Commentators to Gitt. 1. c, misled by '31 V'Sffl 2n33, 
guess at embroideries &c. V. Bevue des Etudes Juives 
1883, Nr. 13, p. 150.] 

WUN Ab. Zar. 29 a , some ed.; v. X515X. 

^"Wltf, 'K IS pr. n. m. Bar Andrai (Andrew). 
Y. Keth." IX, 33 a top 'X 15.1 f^X those of the family of 
B. A. (who were very rich). V. h>, 115X. 



vot) hermaphrodite. Bice. 



&irji"i' ! ttSm.(av8 P 



^t^TTl^, read OWSX^X. 

*^ 1 D1albl"nj^ (read X;DaiW^3X), .^BaWl^X 
f. (popular pronunc. of avSpoX?)[j,i{/ia=avSpoXif)^ia; cmp. 
yt\\>.ty\c, for X7j<jns) seizure of men, a Greek right of 
reprisals (v. Sm. Ant. s. v.), in gen. punishment of men 
regardless of guilt or innocence. Gen. B. s. 26 fifcO 'X 
'31 an androlepsia comes which Mils the good and the 
bad; Lev. B. s. 23; Num. B. s. 9; Y. Sot. I, 17 a top.— 
Num. B. s. 5 in case of a rebellion 'X Ira IBIS the king 
orders an androlepsia. [Gen. B. s. 32 Xi&iaVm ; Pesik. 
Vayhi, p. 67 a ; Tanh. Bo, 4; Pesik. B. s. 17 niXibaTTJ, 
nr&a-lTl, 'biiain (corr. ace); cmp. Pesik. B. suppl., ed. 
Fr. p. 197 a ] 

Wbv™ Yeb. 115 b , read •«*« ^ W as 
Asheri Gitt. ch. IV, to p. 34 b . 

TOnbiTiax, ^oim"n:», v. s^yms*. 
awtros. v. ,™. 

^EMtTOH, DWTT73X f.(Av8p«mTi«)&«n- 
queting hall, royal reception hall'. Gen, B. s. 8 bias^ix 
nmx JifflW TJX Ar. ed. Koh. (ed. Va-reiX; corr. ace.) I 
shall make it into (use the vacant ground for the erec- 
tion of) a banqueting hall. [The context forbids the 
identification of our w. with & 



. oTp^in^s; v. -Qi^x. 

StftZTfTll?^ m. (a. contract, of £v8pi(£t,— &VT04) statue, 
also portable bust, image. Targ. Esth. Ill, 2 — 5 (some 



ed. pi., incorr.). E. Hash. 24 b a synagogue 'X ITS laiplKT 
Ms. M. (ed. '» hS STl!"l) in which they placed a bust (of 
a Persian king). Snh. 62 b ; a.ii.—Pl. ^a/TnilS, aWTniS. 
Ab. Zar. 40 b dTsba^a'i* royal (imperial) busts. M.Kat. 
25 b 'X Vi llpsns Ms. M. (ed. lX'VSpfiK) all royal statues 
were overthrown. Y. Ab. Zar. Ill, 42 c top. [Gen. B. s. 8 
■p-o-™^, v. b^sii'ii'njs.] 

*"pt2~n3itf f., Tosef. Kel. B. Mets.IV, 8, prob. iBIBJiTis 
(6oovt(ot7j, sub. £6sTpa) a teethed strigil; cmp. Kel. 
XIV, 3 rmra. 

OlD^'H'^ m.(av8piac-dvTO,;)sfafwe,v.XtfTn3X. 
Ex. B. s. 27 X'-BJX'niJX bttJ . . . . SlIsSU (read iTE&B3 
'SA ^>1!3 II" 1 ~^irvb) it escaped into the hand of a (royal) 
statue; (v. ibid. -|ba iffl "p3lp^ bi> STSffli). Tanh. P'kude, 
4 OlMY^TX (corr. ace); Ex. E. s. 51. [Gen. E. s. 8 
•pB-fWK, v. S^YTaSX; v. Ar. s. v. OiamTTI*.] 

^^ 



('AvSplas) Andray. Y. Meg.IV,75 b ; 



D'Wn'ttS, v. mnti^ a. Btaawn™. 

dtedt™, v. ^a™«. 

n^DlKm^X Ar., v. JWialbllTSit. 

^EB'tttN, NFiSrftJN m. (prob. Pers.) Indrafta, 
name of "two species of birds, one called Shdbur And., 
and permitted, the other Perm And., and forbidden. 
Hull. 62 b . 

rU&J, v. m 

^"lin^ f. (Inf. Af. of -ih5 used as a verbal noun) 
lighting, illumination. Targ. Ex. XXXV, 14; a. e. 

i^m injis f. same, also enlightenment. Targ. Num. 
IV, 16. Targ. Y. Gen. II, 7. 

WS pi. of. * ? «. 

Jjl^ (Coptic anokh) I. Pesik. E. s. 21 ; Yalk. Ex. 286 
(in Egyptian) 'X ■<:»« AnoJchi is Anokh. Esth. E. to I, 22 
-|3fii 'pfflb (corr. ace). 

^3«, pi. of ^m*." 

'ND12^, !"Dl31S! f. (annona) prop, annual produce, 
hence ration, or portions of provision granted to court- 
iers as salaries or pensions. Gen. B. s. 47 the king 
'X "ft r&Sa raised an annona in his behalf, i. e. granted 
him a pension. lb. s. 87 -jbttS 'X HSrVin -08 Ar. (ed. nDilS) 
I shall cut down (reduce) thy pension; a. fr. — PI frisiSX, 
rYMisx. Ex. E. s. 41 niJIiX (corr. ace.). Lev. B. s. 23 
tTPSSlX I^SSi (corr. ace.) annonae are collected from them, 
lb, s. 10 d^isx Ar. (ed. &313X annonas, ace. pi., incorr. 
ed. DIS^X). [Cant. E. to 1,7 read ftMBK.] Cmp. yiinx, SWiS'TO. 



D^13K, n^13S, 03"D«, v. preced. 

KbtN (SW1») Kb" 1 }!* m. (t»M) wo&n* man, 
oppressor. T Targ. T Koh. VII, 7 (h. text pttiis).— PI. TQV&, 
X*bi3X ( ,-, iS). Targ. Jer. VI, 6 ed. Ven. I "flS (ed. Vien. 
■pWixj oth. ed. "13!*). Targ. Is. XXI, 2; V, 7, a. e. 

"'pUltf, read ipiJX, v. !*£»«. 

IZJlD^. m. (b. h.; v.ffl^K) [being], »ia».— PZ. (of MP!*) 
tJittJSK, const. ">tt3S8. Ex. B. s. 25 ; a. fr.— nVllSrl n&33 'X 
(abbr. VTDJt) the Men of the Great Assembly, Synagoga 
Magna, a religious and judicial authority said to have 
been established by Ezra. Aboth 1, 1 ; a. fr.; cmp. MMS. 
— (ni)SSt m 'X the division on duty of priests having 
charge of the services of the day ; "latiJa 'X the division 
of priests alternately on duty during one week ; TaSa 'X 
the division (of Israelites) assisting the priests on duty, 
by prayers &c. on the platform (TaSa) and divided in 
parties corresponding to the priestly divisions. Taan. 
II, 6; 7; a. fr. 

COM m. (b. h.; v. preced. a. 1!P!*) strong, severe, 
overwhelming. Num. B. s. 7 (ref. to Is. XVII, 11) 'X 
nSJ )Wb anush has the meaning of strong; Lev. B. s. 18* 

SJ^W^ m - (P") in i m y> loss - Tar S- Bsth - VIL 4 

the adversary is (of) no value or gain Ksba"! .'SO, against 
the King's loss. [Levy Targ. Diet, reads Sp^sm expense(?), 

v. wjwwk.] 

TO!S (b. h.; cmp. p3K) to press. Hithpa. nxtTi to sigh. 
Ber. 59 a , v. next w. Yalk. Ex. 391 '31 1T1S3 '1>S (isxpa 
is anxious for the honor of the Lord &c. 

TON ch., Peil It 1 ?!*, Ithpa. ft|&8ns< same. Targ. 
Lam. I,' 4; 11.— Targ. Is. XXIV, 7; a.' e. Contr. n|W*. 
Targ. 0. Ex. II, 23 late ed— Mpe. harm, 'm. Ber. 58 b . 
lb. 59 a HSna *mm Ms. M. (ed. n?!*na nnSiX) he sighs — 
Pesik. E. s. 18, end; Pesik. Haom. p. 72 a fiStl^a 111B he 
began to sigh. 

nnD!^ f. (b. h.; preced.) sigh, grief. Ber. 38 b ; a. e. 

(Jtri ; iro^If.On3,!-ih3)%er. Targ. Y. Ex. XVI, 13; 14. 

■nrpirua, tttfito (anromi, vsm) t. 

(v, preced.) tray, board'. Nidd. 7 a '3K (Ar. a. T'bul Yom 
IV, 2 '3). Gitt. 62 a ; Tosef. Kel. B. Mete. VI, 7 attnrttS. 

WTOK, 13I13SJ pi. of MM, ^3X. 

^SnnD^ f. (m3; cmp. NnW3S) rest. '« PPa m£ /or 
6eams. Targ. I Kings VI, 4. 

JSrTO^ f. pi. (h5X) Siyfo. Targ. Lam. I, 22. 

Kb^ataiK, '5< n^S pr. „. Beth AnVUla, name of a 
Jerusalem 'family. Y. Peah VIII, 21 a hot. Tosef. Peah 
IV, ii sabas ed.Zuck., ^Viiass &c. (Var. ^aas, xto^s). 

y J05S, /1t3JS, v. »«m. 



rawa* 



a^p^Bis 



pSllSD^, "Q'Wfi m. (ivtipiov, Arab, hindeb, 
prob. fr. S13 to flow] 'curl, cmp. iBi^fct) endive. Y. Kil. 
I, 27 a top 'pSIBJK (corr. ace). Pes. '39 a iSIJin (Bashi 

131*3111, Ms. isian). 

Wt^!*, v. next w. 

■Oim&i, 'Qi' v B3« m. (v. nextw.) ^nfioeAuin, ««- 
<i»c of A'ntiochia, resident of A. Gitt. 44 b '1B3K; Tosef. 
Ab. Zar. Ill (IV), 18; Y. Gitt. IV, 46 a top "11B3N.— P/. 
cb. iS3*ia!X. Targ. Y. Gen. X, 18 (ed. ii03B3X, »1S1B3» 
corr. ace; h. text "nun). 

pr. n.' ('Avxio^sta') 1)' Antioch, surnamed Epidaplmes, 
the capital of Syria founded by Seleucus Nicator, sit- 
uated on the Orontes. Targ. Y. Num. XIII, 21 ; a. e. 
(Hamath in Bible).— Keth. 67 a . Gitt.44 b ; a.fr.— Y.Shek. 
VI, 50 a bot. '» bffl 1^ Daphne near Ant.; Lev. B. s. 19 
WO . . .—2) the country or district of Ant, Antiochene. 
Y. Dem. II, 22 d top; Y. Nidd. Ill, 48 a bot.; a. e.; v. nVin, 

xnbin a. nart. 



p1B3«, v. T^m- 

^fttt!* pr. n. 
24 d bot. ' 

birbiajN, ■ 



. (AvatoXtoi) 4wfoft. Y. Dem. V, 



bU^ID^N pr. n. m. Antoninus, 1) a Boman em- 
peror freq. mentioned as a friend of B. Judah Han-Nassi, 
and supposed to be Ant. Alexander Severus (Graetz) or 
Ant. Marcus Aurelius (Bap. a. oth.). Ab. Zar. 10 a 
'tH -Q bWlbX Severus son of A.; Ib. b A. son of Severus. 
— Y. Meg. I, ltf> bot. '31 pVia mst there is one report 
that A. embraced the Jewish religion, another &c. — Y. 
Snh. X, 29 c "IJIBSS a. "iVlBlK ; cmp. Y. Kil. IX, 32 b top.— 
Koh. B. to IX, 10 '=1 &w£>BSIrt (corr. ace.)— 2) HCTSn 'X 

A. junior, grandson of the former. Ibid, to X, 5.' — [3) (?) 
a Boman general mentioned in conversation with B. Joh. 
b. Zaccai; v. &1B131N.] 

bitMfcJ, v. eiosta. 

^biix, v. i«&iw«. 

»T3pTB3», v. -mrtiH. 

&13TO!*, WM» pr. n.m.('AvT l >cK)4«H- 
gonus, 1) A. of Sokho, disciple of Simon the Just. Aboth 
I, 3.-2) Bets. 34 a , a. fr. B. Elazar son of A.— Tern. 21 a 
. ed. (Ar. BBiBK). [Y. Snh. I, 19 d , v. SIDiJSS*.] 

P'lIp'EIplK f. (ivTiYpcKpifj) \) (-kvdipayw) dupli- 
cate. Targ. Esth. Ill, 14 Mus. (ed. XSlBil); Esth. B. to 
ibid, (explain. ")Wan ib.), — 2) anpwer to a letter. Gen. 

B. s. 67 .'» ib Stt Ar. (ed. KB111B5K, corr. i& ) give 

me an answer (to the emperor's letter). Ib. 'X 'jn where 
is the answer? 

b"lp^PI2DK m. (AvrfStxot) opponent in a suit, in 
gen. adversary. Gen. B. s. 82.— Ib. s. 100 blprPBSK (corr. 



ace); Pesik. Naha'mu p. 126 a ; a. fr.— PL 'pfWIMX 
parties to a suit. Deut. B. s. 5 •ppiT'BJSth (corr. ace). 

blDtoS 0^"™3tf) pr. n. m. Antioehos (III) 
of Syria. Targ. II Esth. I," 2. Gen. B. s. 23; a. e. . 

■omh, n^ji^x, v. -«««. 

b^tM!*, V. biSTOiX. 

>WtMK, fcWtMK, corruptions; read KjBtf* 
m. pi. (pi. of ip.tmov) blankets used at the bath which 
may also serve as cloaks (v. Sm. Ant. s. v. Pallium). 
Y. Kil. IX, 32 a bot,; Y. M. Kat. Ill, 82 a (explain, the 
sort of 113^3 in question). 

b H '~)" nT :23!tf, read biTOs, 

^tlDSt f. (aYYO&^xi), k^u&riv.ri, lat. mutilat. in- 
citega) a receptacle for vessels, a stand for hanging in 
kettles, tripods &e Sabb. Ill, 4 (41 a ); Gem. ib. one opin., 
1*113 IS antichi (in the Mishnah) means a vessel suspend- 
ed between fire places (heated bricks); another opin., 
1111 IS a metal vessel suspended within a caldron-like 
vessel, the vacant space beneath being filled with coals. 
Ib. (in evidence of the latter opin.) fiBlll xiffiB B'-'SX 'X 
'31 Ms. M. (ed. fiaiBpi hBraifi B"3>X) an antichi, even 
when cleaned of coals &c. Y. Sabb. Ill, 6 a bot. Tosef. 
Bets. Ill, 20. Y. ib. I, 60 c bot. '31 rt>S3 '& K1M3 as in 
the case of an antichi which fell &c— *M. Kat. 28 b (in 
a funeral dirge) 'Kb fctia 1B031 X330 atoll 111 take the 
bone (pin) out of the jaw (the base in which the vessel 
is suspended) and let water be put into the antichi, i. e. 
body and soul are now separated, the latter being the 
vessel going back to the (divine) spring; cmp. Koh. XII, 6 
sq.; [Ms. M. Ki31B3!)6 .... KSSa . . ., v. Babb. D. S 

&" 1 b" l "l^" , t3JX f. (ttVT(xpi)3t4) an agreement allow- 
ing the creditor the use of a pledged object (in place of 
interest on the loan). Y. B. Mets. VI, end, ll a '6t «nn 
Mlh rPSi"! antichresis is considered usury. 



ab^a, tf^^a, v. *£t»K. 
To^aaa, v. toym. 



1. ('AytNouc;) Antinous 



W'T'nm Y. M. Kat. Ill, 82 a , 
bTlQB^aX, read 



'ptt&' l Ta3K, v. after next w. 

b^tasroas, b"WD3s* (biD^a) } 

pi. Antipatris, a town north-north-west of Jerusalem, 
founded by Herod the Great and named after his father. 
Gitt. VII, 7 (76 a ) (the second B freq. dropped). Y. B. 
Mets. VII, end, ll c . Y. Taan. IV, 69 b top &11S . . . 
fr. Tosef. Gitt. VII (V), 9 bVlBiBSI*, OT1BB . . ., (eorr. 



n'HE3£>" l t3!]!S: f. { V r^%A.)ofAntipatris,Antipatridic. 
Sabb. 90 a '8 Vn3 Ms. M. (ed. 'pBSSSSt, Ar. 'pIBeiBSK); 
Nidd. 62 a ni-iBfiBSK Antip. nitrum. 

tTTOS^Dtf, v. e-nts»iBSK. 
WDN, v. ■*•*»*. 

^s^wx, rra^E3a, awia:**, m® .... 

m. (corrupt, of XaB-lPDI* avft'oTtcrroi;) proconsul (residing 
in Csssarea). T. Meg. Ill, 74 a ; T. Ber. V, 9 a top; Koh. 
B. to III, 6. [lb. to XI, 1 S-^SalX, 1B1BB3X and var. cor- 
rupt, in var. ed.] 

omental, tnBiM&t, tneiaax, v. 

SETB^K, v. KB^MK. . 

■)0" I |5" I I3DN m. ('Avti-KaicrapoO Pro-Ccesare, the 
highest dignitary next to the Emperor; in gen. vice-roy. 
Gen. E. s. 53; s. 85, end (also '&ipB3X). 

btTj5'l , m$ v. tji-r^^K. 

• enpmtMa, "ppTiMa, v. *v*rm 

^TTyiqiX m. pi, v. 6MS. . 

113DB3S, v. liasBOK. 

btaDS m. (Va3) Antal, one fourth of a Log (liquid 
measure). B. Bath: 58 b ; v. nVo_3. V. 6t^B3K. 

"~DjiX m. (svxoXeui;) procurator, mandatary. Y. 
Snh. il/beg. 19 d '» lV mail (ed. incorr. iVbSX rrt) let 
him appoint a mandatary. lb. WOttM 'SO can the man- 
datary take an oath for his client? 

WjyS0[&, N^^PDX m. pi. (of toJ«; from which 
Greek SvtXos, SvtXov &c. and our w. fivrXefa, antlia) 
baling, out bilge-water, pump (with wheels and buckets). 
Euth E. to II, 19 "i35N M>S ; Lev. E. s. 34 'VbSS (ed. 
xbiBSS, corr. ace.) the pumping wheel, Tosef. Makhsh. 
Ill, 4 'jnilB 'X i3Sa on account of their baling machine 
(besprinkling the wheat). lb. Mikv. IV, 2 8fVBS«. 

"ibtaas, v. ^Bis. 

* {"UUDDltf Mass. Tsits. (ed. Kirchh. p. 22) perh. An- 
toniana, a cloak; v. SWianX. 

^""■DlQDIS Midr. Till. Vs. XV, beg., perh. 'pBii'ia or 
X^aiiia (monetae) mints; cmp. nisO^Olrftt*. 

biTlODN, DT]MS pr. n. pi. ('Awipo8o«) 4«- 
taradus,'& Syrian town opposite the Isle of Aradus. Y. 



Bets. Ill, 62 a top. Y. Sabb. I, 4 a bot. &iT«B3« (corr. 
aco.).— Cmp. SWW15S.— Deriv. "WS'i'nBSK inhabitants of 
Ant. Targ. Y. II,' Gen. X, 18. 

TE32X Pesik.E.s. 24, p. 122 b ed. Friedm. 'K3 l^aa, 
v. yiB^W*. 

^/TlQiX, v. bi*naM*. 

THD2^ Y. Sabb. VII, 10 a bot. 'M 5>pffla, v. 'pl33sa. 

D^"lt3D^, prob. corrupt, of S^B?™!* q. v. Y. Gitt. 
IV, 46 a i"«B 'X if a slave escaped to A, he may be ex- 
tradited; v. 131X11. 

^S, JlDX (=b. h. ffli, sec. r. of -,1s, cmp. )M a. b. 
h. fflS); Pi. n3">!S (SiSifc) to press, wrong, oppress; to im- 
pose, overreach in dealing, v. nxjix. B. Mets. 59 b Hssjoln 
llfl UN he who wounds a stranger's (proselyte's) feeling, 
lb. 49 b ijniSiStttS Sia "b " ( n return to me the amount 
with which thou hast overreached me. lb. 50 a top na 
WiiNtU (Ms. E. 1 in33ixn3115, v. infra). lb. 51 a i3m3S*© 
(Ms. M. WSSKIB, fr. 13S; Mish. IV, 2 isniaiKlB, v. fWSi!*, 

Ms. E. i isn^niB, v. nsrnn, Ms. E. 2 WAISU), v. Eabb. 
D. S. a. 1. note). 

Nithpa. nsxra to be overreached. lb. 49 b '3 yu which 
of them has been overreached? lb. 50 b '31!) is (Ms. M. 
n.3ixna); a. fr. [Nithpol. of )!$, "|3i«n3, v. supra.] [In. Y. 

i-isis/v. nssix.] 

"•ON (b. h.; demonstr. *,!*, v. iMK) I. Succ. 53 a ; a. v. 
fr.— [lb. IV, 5 1STI ">3X (Y. XlSTl), reverential transcription 
of nini !S3X, to avoid the utterance of the Tetragram- 
maton.]— PI. 13X. Keth. I, 6; a. fr. 

*W«, v. k; ? T«. 

tfXTOX, ^j^tf pr. n. pi. (v. ^M«) an ab- 
breviation of ipuS'lK TVs, Bithynia, a district of Asia 
Minor. B.Mets. 46 b 'X 13i*l theDenars issued in Bithynia; 
v. uraSS for var. lect. 

yvxvti, v. )r^ m . 

iOP3!tf pr. n. pi. v. JOSSS; cmp. next w. 

^l^|fr* m - (=Ki^ ^ by the creek) shore; v. WJ, 
«"153. T B. Mets. 107 b ; a. e. 

"pUPiDit Pes. 112 b , a word in a charm formula 
against thirst (var. lect. Eabb. D. S. a. 1.), prob.=next w; 

'tll^ CplW**) m. (IXa^ctpov, 3 corrupt, 
for b) a sewee of oil and garum (to which wine is some- 
times added). Ber. 35 b sq. '31 KTo '!!< elaiogaron contains 
the juice of beets ; oxygaron the sauce of all kinds of 
boiled vegetables. Yoma 76 a . Shebu. 23 a '» i"S> Xabill 
perhaps if used as an admixture to elaiogarum? Tosef. 
Bets. II, 16 '=1 11-rtSl 'J11S1D3K1 'X (Y. Bets. II, end, 61 d 
'31 'pinaVpllMiK, corr. ace; cmp. Eashi to Shebu. 1. c). 
Tosef. Ter. IX, 10; 12; Shebi. VI, 3. Koh. E. to I, 18 
•jiBISX (corr. ace). 



N^JX, v. tt ;aiM. 
«J5^DN, v. K^i*. 
tD"0&t Y. M. Kat. Ill, 83 c bot., read SW&t, contr. of 

TON, ^S, Y. ^, V5K. 

nj"0!X f. Cjjx) grief, retired mourning, esp. the 
status of the mourner between death and burial of a 
kinsman, contract, to ilV'SX, WlV'SX. Lam. B. introd. (E. 
Abbahu 4) WSBlra 'X aninab is indoor (retired) grief. 
Y. Hor. Ill, 48 a top '31 'X WK what is aninah?— 
The time from death to &c. Y. Pes. VII, 35 a top n3i3X 
tVTlri ftMs observance of Sninah by night is biblical. 
Gen. E.s.85 he is named Onan TOSSi) 'X Xtintii because 
he brought mourning over his early death. 

rWDfcfj f. same. Kidd. 80 b ; a. fr. in Babli. 

fctiTlWOS ch. same. Targ. Lam. II, 5; a. e. 

' N|5^D», v. Kg»K a. Xp^SX. 

ND^S, v. »6*K. 

1AD" 1 DS m. (S3X) oppression, ill-gotten wealth. Targ. 
Is. I, 13 ; a. e.. 

ltfr) ! l&"0N|. f. (preced.) oppression. Targ. Koh. V, 7; 

1 n b"01$ m. pi. (v. BiD-'S; vijao;) islands. Tosef. Ter. 
II, 12 1 Hall. II, 11 ; (also p» a. psT); Y. Shebi. VI, 36 d 
6^3; Gitt. 8 a fta). 

SSSD'jN com. (v. XSD' 1 }) wade, o/ casf meta/, opp. 
Xnplix'of wrought or stretched metal. Sabb. 59 b 'XI 
'21 S>"3 (Bashi ed. X3&W) as to those made of cast metal 
there is no difference of opinion. lb. Ip^S 'X (prob. to 
be read "ip^a, v. Ms. M.) what is made of cast metal is 
more precious (original). 

D^IS"^ Targ. II Esth. I, 2 read S'O&iBX pr. n. 
m. (Antioehus) Epiphanes, King 'of Syria. 

r?j*Af.ofp. 

fO!tf, y" 1 ^- m. (px, pS, sec. r. of pX, p3>) [%M 
bundle], only in pi. const.. pfflS ^X^X (5) flax-stalks after 
they are soaked, beaten and baked. B. Mete. II, 1 (21 a ). 
Y. Succ. I, 52 b hot.; Bab. ib. 12 b (Ar., Ms. M., Tosef. 
ib. I, 6 iS'VS); a. fr. V. pw. 

Np^, v. xpx :? x. 

fctp'ON m. (p3X) trouble, affliction. Targ. Y. Gen. 
XXII, 20; a.e.— P/.ip^ax, "pP^X (often used as a singular). 
Targ. Lev. XXI, 10 (affliction by death in the family) ; 
a. e. Cmp. Xp33X. 

NDIp^X f. same. Targ. Ps. CII, 21. 



:Jj£S (sec. r. of"jX, cmp. ytn) 1) to rub, polish, finish, 
esp. to glaze vessels, to line (with onyx). Tosef. Kel. B. 
Mets. I, 3 '31 yta '(33X11) .... fti^S (or )S^tO Pi.) cleaji 
vessels which one lined with unclean glaze (onyx); v. 
TjiSJ. — 2) (cmp.?|3n) to make sore, to grieve. Denom.T|XII. 

:JDS I m. (preced. 2)) grief, wrong. B. Mets. 59 a all 
gates are sometimes closed except the gates (of prayer) 
of those wronged by men (v. fiXjix), for it says, (Amos 
VII, 3) "Behold the Lord stands' on the wall of anakh 
and in-his hand he holds anakh (oppression)." Ib. P1X31X 
'X lTtn aVlSI the Lord hears the prayer of the wronged, 
for it says &c; y. xmix. 

:J31S! II (b. h., prob. fr. a demonstr. "jX, cmp. p, 
TjW &o.J a. i?x, i33X) plummet, plumb-line.. Lev. B. s. 33, 
beg. a. e. '31 "muso fit 'X by the plummet (Amos VII, 7) 
the Great Sanedrin are meant whose number (71) corres- 
ponds with the numerical value of ^3X. 

=|5^' =15^ m - ("- 3! ?) !» Onyx Agate, a semipellucid 
stone of a fine'flinty texture. Ab. Zar. 8 b Ar. -J3X (ed. 
■px).— 2) a variety of gypseous alabaster, onyx; a glaze. 

Ib. ll b 'X3 pinai Ar. (ed. "i&a) the streets are 

paved with &c. (for the procession). Tosef. Kel. B. Mets. 
I, 3, v. ?|3X. Lev. E. s. 33 nothing makes the kettle dur- 
able '31 PD3X X^tf but its glaze lining; so says the Lord 
'31 t)333X I am your lining (stay) in trials (incorr. in 
some ed. a. Ar. s. v. "p). 

" , DDS< (b. h.; v. T^XII; cmp. ^3pX) I. Pesik. E. s. 21, 
v. TpX. Sabb. 105 a 'ppi'ioia 'X anokhi may be interpreted 
as an acrostichon rfiSSTi tmrS *H15&3 X3X I myself have 
written, have given (the Law). Pesik. Bahod. p. 109 b ; 
v. TliSK. — J 3 !?. 13fi_3X, 13113. Ber. 14 b ; a. fr. V. i3X, 13X. 



"I^S,, 



*J"l3"l5Di$ m. (d^oXoyETov) reading desk, pulpit.. Kel. 
XVI, *7 Ar. pfalN (Var. in E. S. prtOK, ed. ",^>3.3X; corr. 
ace). Y. Meg. Ill, 73 d bot. '5.3X, 'Mi» (corr. ace). Tosef. 
Kel. B. Kam. II, 3 '31 '011B pablb IX ed. Zuck. (Var. 
pVl^X, ed. pili 1V1S read pi>X3X; used as fern.) a 
reading desk spread out is clean, folded together is 
unclean (susceptible of levitical uncleanness). 

nwibaa, v. rvtjj«Ki. 

IDS (b. h. ; sec. r. of "jist, v. "jlX) to press, oppress, 
wrong, v. Mist. — 'jSix owe tvho feels grieved, mourner, esp. 
0»a», mourner before the burial of a kinsman, con- 
trad, to iax ; v. f»i3«. M. Kat. 14 b 'X 2"npa may officiate 
at sacrifices though being an Onan. — PL p31X. Snh. 47 b 
'X X^sX ytasttia 1">M xb they observed no mourning cere- 
monies but lived in silent and retired mourning. — Pern. 
n331X. Keth. 53 a . — Denom. pi* complaining, fastidious, 
feeble. PI. nsnn ii*)& fastidious of taste, easily taking 
an aversion, delicate. Pes. H3 b . Cmp. SpFi&ix. 

Nithpa. pxra to feel wronged, complain of being, 
overreached, v. rt3X. 



1?^» 15^ ch ' to be grieved, to mourn. Targ. Koh. 
VII, 4.— Denom. ySN; f. NpSX, with Jtt-fin=h. "p3!*, v. 
preced. Hull. 112 a ftT\S1 '» he was • fastidious, delicate. 
Ber. 24 b ; B. Bath. 23 a -«hS1 'X I am &c. 

"IDSSS pi. of N3X. 

&tDDH=s«K X3K, V. N3N. 

S^j^DDSS m. (=81»a», 3 inserted; p3X)=Xj5i5iS. Targ. 
Y.Gen.XXXVIII, 25*^5"!* my distress.— PI. ip3_3X troub- 
les. Targ. II, Esth. V, 1. Targ. Y. II Gen. XXII, 14 
(Y. I T^SK). Cant. E. beg. none tells tvnm '« (some ed. 
'31N) his troubles except after his release; Koh.E. to I, 12 
ipliX, read ip*3K.— Targ. Y. II Gen. XXXVIII, 25 ipai3X 
Ar. the distressed (ed. KipiiS). Cmp. pw a. deriv. 

*|2jjN adv. (a^aYXVj) perforce, of necessity (corresp. 
to diisbtt) jflisa). Gen. E. s. 12 if a human being spreads 
a tent '31 nihil) i"X> 'X it must in course of time become 
loose. Cmp. Y. Ber. I, 2 d top. 

*fittTj»38 («TO3») f- (=h. n^n, np^) « 

/«« grown camel. Midr.' Till, to CIV, 24 and the 'lion 
took pity on him (the dog), for she (the camel), (read 
XW) is a friend of the lion, 'XI jOSd XS^31 and the 
dog is a friend of the camel; Yallc. ib. 862 xnip3pX, 
xnp*>3pX, Zay. Eaan. a. 1. Xn*<p3X. 

Wltf (b. h.; sec. r. of SIN, ]/"lX;"cmp. px, px, Oin ; 
as to meaning cmp. 6)13, "3X &c.) £o 6e«i, force; to do 
violence; to outrage &c. Hull. 45 a di3aida 'X if one in 
cutting presses the windpipe and gullet out of their 
natural position. Ib. haj£5> i"lb3X if the animal strained 
its neck so as to dislocate the organs. Gitt. 44 b ; Hull. 
131 a '31 1B3XU) i-ih if royal officers took forcible pos- 
session of (seized,) his barn. Keth. Ill, 4 bsixh he who 
violates a woman. Part. pass. f. h&ISX an outraged 
woman. Y. Yeh. VI, 7 C ; a. fr. — Masc. b!3X the victim of 
an accident, unavoidably prevented. Ned. 27 a X3am 'X 
'31 the Merciful (the Law) acquits from responsibility him 
who is the victim of an unavoidable accident; a. fr. 

Pi. b|X to violate. Num. E. s. 14 SbSS& to violate her. 

Nif. b3X3 to be forced, overcome, to meet with an 
accident. Ber. 13 b nrt2» '5 overcome by sleep. Hull. 31 a 
f&aai hd3X3 if she dipped in the water by an accident 
Ib. 45 a b3Xtn S&tt) nasSl provided the animal is not forced 
so that its organs be dislocated. Keth. I, 10 hb3X3 she 
was outraged; a. v. fr. 

COiS, fut. 63^ ch. same; 1) to take by force, snatch, 
rob. Targ. II Sam. XXIII, 21; a. fr.— 2) to oppress, rob 
(h.'plDS). Targ. I Sam. XII, 3; 4; a. fr.— Arakh. 16 a 
nrb 'pbJfcn 'p'blxi and they (violent men) go and rob him 
(or force him to feed them, v. Eashi a. 1.). Lev. E. s. 34 
'31 .paipx ■j3i&3X OiWi&SK) he forced them, made them 
managers of public charities. — 3) (cmp. 11535) to distrain, 
fine. Targ. Amos. IV, 2; a. fr.; v. Xbl'3X. — 4) to urge, 
press; restrain. B. ?Bath. 57 b one must i-P12JB3 bjia> 
restrain himself (turn his eyes away forcibly). Hull. 133 a 



h"WS n^ 'X time pressed him.— Part. pass. b^SX 1) 
wronged &c. Targ. Hos.V, 11 ; a. e.— 2) unavoidably pre- 
vented, forced, v. preced. Naz. 23 a 'X b3^a he had no will 
of his own (being drunk). Ned. 27 b ; a. fr. 

Af. bi31X to oppress. Targ. Jer. VII, 6 (h. text'rfci). 

Ithpe. bixnx, d^xnx, contr. b^X. 1) to be robbed; 
to be fined, (of official extortion); &c. Targ. Is. XXI, 2. 
Lev. E. s. 34 •] WKta 'jlSXI (read ll&SXna -(inxl or 'jlJW 
",13b3Xa; Yalk. Lev. 665 "palta ',inx\ 'v. "vat) that you 
will lose through extortion &c. — 2) to meet with an 
accident, be unavoidably prevented. Ned. 27 a sVvbWJ* 
xnx he met with an accident and did not come in time. 
Ib. bisn^X bS^a Jtfll was he not unavoidably prevented 
(since he died during the appointed time)? Keth. 16 b 
lbWifctl Xlft ^bisnx they were prevented from forming 
the bridal procession [prob. alluding to government 
interference; Eashi: through excessive drinking]. [D^fPX 
to grow ill, v. bWiX a. bb3.] 

QjN m. (preced. ws.) one who acts violently, a violent 
•man. B. Bath. 45 a Xlh 'X i*iS3 bnb as a rule the gentile 
is violent (lawless). Y.Kidd. I, 60 c top.— PI. d^bSX yb|X. 
Hull. 94 b 'Xrt 136a on account of the lawless (among 
the gentiles). — Esp. (law) Annas, one who is in possession 
of property bought from one who obtained it by force 
or consfiscation, owner of reclaimable property. Kil. 
VII, 6 (5) '31 STIB5 'Xh if an Annas put seeds into a 
vineyard (creating Kilayim), and it is reclaimed. Ib. 
from what time and onward 'X X^p3 is one called an 
Annas (who may consider himself in undisturbed pos- 
session)? Answ. SplBilBa (v. Y. ib. 31 a ) from the time the 
name of the original owner is sunk (when the property 
is no longer named after him).— PI. as above. Y. Succ. 
IV, beg. 54 b , v. *ipsn. 

'8£0J$ 5^Wtf Targ. Y. It Gen. X,2, v. X^blX. 

ITl^PMit read Tn^bSX. - 

aaroaa rea d xai^x. 

*P# (b. h.; sec. r. of C]1X; v. S)BX) to swell, bloiv, 
whence, to be angry. — Pi. C||S to quarrel. Hull.63 a why 
is it called. Anafah? '31 d5> nBSXaU) (not nSfcWattJ, v. Eashi 
a. 1.) because it quarrels with its kindred. 

&©3<tf m. (more freq. X&X q. v.) 1) face, front; freq. 
in pi. i'B3». Targ. Ps. LXXXIV, 10; a. fr.— 2) with prep. 

a, in sight of, before. B. Mets. 86 a rVfiaxa xaab he 

locked the door before him.— Pi. i&Jxa (Targ. also 'X SS). 
Targ. Y.Gen.XXIII,10; a. e.— Hull.' 121 a WVta 'X3 (=h. 
Ia25» 13B3) for itself, singly. Targ. Y. Deut. I, 6; a. e. 
— B. Mets. 22 b .— Keth. 7 b imiBSNa in their presence; 
a. fr. 

iSOstf f. 0B3)=h. ilB>i3Sn waving. Targ. Y. II Lev. 
VII, 30'(20) (some ed. i*iB3K). 

^"'blS^^ Tosef. Kel. B. Mets. VI, 5 ed. Zuck., read 



■pipIMN read "(ISipaax. 



■pttupss 



!tf"Tl£Oi< f. (dvocpopd) official return. PI. hiiOissx. 
Pesik. Shek. p. 18 b 'St **HB fltBS made out two military 
returns (census); Num. B. s. 2 niX"n&3X; Pesik. B. s. 11 
mxiilBX (corr.acc). [Not to be confounded with ni*"lB3X, 

pi. of writtSK.] 

ffs" JISJJS f - (£[».rcop(a) journey for business, traffic, 
trade; also merchandise. 'X "^3 merchant's implements 
(straps, poles &c. for carrying goods). B. Mets. II, 2 ^3 
'31 WX 'X merchant's implements (if found) need not be 
publicly announced (for return to the owner). lb. 23 b 
sq.; Y. B. Mets. II, beg. 8 b ; Tosef. ib. 1 (definit. of our 
w.), Midr. Till, to Ps. CXVIII, 20 liflB 'X ypHn arranged 
his journey with the caravan. [Also !"P'TO?i-*j 

"^MK read ^B3BX. 

&O£0!tf Tosef. Hull. Ill (IV), 27, Var. X->&a, v. 

OlJl*"©!]^ m. (kitiko-joi, epilogus) concluding 
speech, argument, inference; peroration. Koh. B. to 
X, 16 '31 'X ^nnn (Solomon) in his wisdom began 
a concluding argument; (Midr. Till, to Ps. LXXII 

sou vbi) 

O^MS, corr. as preced. 

srb^a, v. *Ym 

tlj?^^ ^SDH, y. !*!*?«. - 

p&Dtf, »j5S?DN, v. aws. 

fflpMS, v. ropp:. 

l^pMS, corr. as next w. 

■ji^p&^H m. (o|x<paztvov, sub. IXaiov) oil made of 
unripe olives? Targ. Esth. II, 12 '&3X.— Pes. 43 a ppiBax 
(Ms. M. "(ISp^Bax). Men. VIII, 3; a. e.— Gen. B. s. 98 

■|D (corr. ace). Cant. B. to IV, 8 'pB^X (corr. 

ace). 

*rfi""l£0!$ f. (fit) or 152 |/1B) a ftreafc, division, 
whence 1) the purchase of an odd object, of one of a pair. 
Sabb. 80 b (ref. to SB^ax q. v.) 'X VTilSa SilDIS ta"JX ^31 
will a man buy a half of a thing (as a cosmetic for one 
temple)? — 2) partial payments, an agreement (invalid 
according to Jewish law) of term payments with the 
condition of forfeiture on missing one term (v. XFpa&X), 
esp. such an agreement forced upon a Jew by a gentile 
(Roman) individual or authority. Gitt. 44 a (v. D3X) DX 
'X3 if his crop was seized in consequence of an anparuth, 
he is exempt from paying the tithes (of his produces, 
since he is the loser, whereas if distrained for a real 
debt, he enjoys the legal benefit of being released of a 
debt, and therefore must pay the tithes, as if he had 
sold the crop). T. Keth. X, end, 34 a '=1 naiaixai with 



o annona, capitation tax and forfeiture. Gitt. 58 b 
31 Sin naha son if a gentile (Boman) obtained 
of a Jew's property in consequence of seizure 
for a debt or of forfeiture and subsequently sold it to 
a Jew, the Sicarion law finds no application (and the 
property must, without any indemnity, be restored to 
its original owner; v. -ppi-ip^a) ; 'si na2S 'XI and the 
property seized for forfeiture must have been in the 
possession of the gentile for twelve months (during 
which the Jew might have had a chance to reclaim it 
as illegally seized; v., however, the objection, and sub- 
sequent emendation of *|lp"Hp' 1 & for 'X, ibid.). Ib. "pit 
^S.S.3 'X in Babylon (under the Persian government) 
there is no anparuth, (which is interpreted) 'X "p"l "p&t 
'SI the laws concerning the purchase by a Jew of pro- 
perty which a gentile had seized for forfeiture find no 
application in the well regulated Persian state because 
the owner might have gone to court, if he felt himself 
aggrieved. Tosef. Gitt. V (III), 2.— PI. ni*~!B3X. Y'lamd. 
Sh'lah. (quot.in Ar.) '31 'X pa Vj13 i3X I. (theLord) take 
from them promises to pay in instalments (promises of 
amending their ways, repentance) and give them extension. 
Tanh. ib., end, a citizen was paying annonm 'X 3t"i131 
and signing agreements of forfeiture; (Num. B. s. 17 
rYPSBX, v. 1S1&N). [Ibid. s. 2 ni501B3X, v. XliBSX pi.] 

7^ ( sec - r - of T w > v ' V" 1 ?^ to 8 S uee!!e i n > fasten. 
Targ. Koh. XII, 11 'pSaXI, readyspaxi which are fastened 
(h. text d^SlaS; gloss yrTCSKI, clerical error for •pamxi 
or yiaiffll, embodied in the text of some ed.). Targ. I 
Sam. XIII, 21, Ar., v. 3a|3. 

pDitf Y. Bice. I, 63 d bot. Hlpaixa, v. p?X. 

p3!tf (sec. r. of pix, v. pan), Pa. pit* to press, choke. 
Part. pass. p|Xa choked, grieved. Targ. Ezek. IX, 4. Cmp. 

pW. V. Sp^JK, 'xp3_3X &c. 

Np2X B. Mets. 46 b , v. SpX^X. 

JlpD^I (b, h.; pitA) a sj 
Jalak[ T 9;'Num. B. s. 20. 

np^SSl II f. camel, v. XpX3. 

anipia, v. v?*. 

^D^pD^, "^UZ^b m. pi. (a contr. of fatsp p3X, 
or 'paap "W, v. "fcpilj* a. its bibl.' equivalent "W) loop 
or hook for stumped limbs, a sort of artificial arm (or 
leg; v. infra). Sabb. VI, 8 'plina 'X Mistin. a. Y. (Bab. 
ed. 66 a 'p'k) an artificial arm (for carrying burdens) is not 
susceptible to levitical uncleanness, but you must not 
wear it in walking in the street on the Sabbath (because 
it is intended for carrying burdens). Y. ib. 8 C bot. (B. 
Abbahu explains our w.) i^T ^ SOafi, f aap &131S Ar. 
(read two words; ed. BfllSl, corr. ace.) the ovos (ass, i. e. 
pulley) of the stump-handed,— a hand- pulley (ass) ; Bab. 
a. 1. B. Abbahu (leaving out the etymology) XBSX1 Xlan 
a pulley for loads, v. XB3X. Oth. opin. ibid. i*rap stilts 
(artificial legs); DW1B ' (Ta&VlB) q. v.— V. Kel. XV, 6 



nplDSSSl (b, h.; p3X) a species of Imard. Tanh. 
Balak! T 9;'Num. B. s. 20. 



KDK 



liaaf 1 ?. [The definitions by Ar. a. Bashi, referring to 
implements of public entertainments, are not in keeping 
with the preceding proposition of the Mishnah.] 

&13^p3tf, v. -pix. 

fTplX, v. i^SM. ' 

*D^bp3S, &10nbp3S, readbV^pJXm. 
(inquilinatus, v. Makeld. Eoman Law, ed. Dropsie, § 408) 
the lessee's right of dwelling, lease. Y. B. Mets. VIII, 
end, ll d , let him stay tf<m 'X X^ai TS> until his lease 
expires. 

^E^tf (lTalbp3N). (£xxaXoGu.at) I appeal. 
Deut. R. s.'9;Koh. B. to VIII, 8 .'X . . . "ralS to say 
before the Lord, 'I appeal against thy decision.' V. 
next w. 

■jlE^S Cp31N) m. fl ixx^-co*, v. Bm. Ant. 
s. v. Appellatio) appeal from the decision of a court. 
Gen.R,s.49'X lb f^Wl one is permitted to hangup against 
him i. e. to announce, an appeal — from the dux &c. Deut. 

B. s. 9 'pailjpas iijai inils (read ffbrrb a. 'JIB . . .) ; Koh. 
B. to VIII, 8 'X rfcrTO to appeal from his decision. Tanh. 
Thazr. 7 '=1 'pilX 1^9 133"|i X^ffi (ed. Bub. 9 15ni, read 



1?m). V. next w. 

"]"I.ID" , 2p > 3l>i, Mus. paibpix, read "p-ja^pix m. pi. 
(£7x/.ir)[j.a, . . axa) written complaints, charges. Deut. B. s. 2 ; 
Yalk. Gen. 77; Ex. 167 'S3 DBfTi has been arrested on 
charges. 

&iabp3a, Vi biwsip«. 

*iCb2j?3!$ ('31^) f. (a corruption of £vexop<wia) 
taking property in pledge, writ of seizure=i<VQ'T\X. Tosef. 
B. Mets. I, 7 '31 X^ErtpllX ed. Zuck. (Var.' xiblbipJiX, 
corr. ace.) when a writ of seizure is found, if the debtor 
admits its correctness, it mustbe returned to the creditor; . 
if not, it must be returned to neither. lb. B. Bath. XI, 5 
'=1 srripSK ('rx, "JIN) a writ of seizure may be written 
out without notifying the creditor, but not without 
notifying the debtor and giving him time to protest; v. 
B. Kam. 112 b ). 

#t]W# her walls, v. Siax 

I^D&i. Y. Ter. II, 41 d ; a. e., v. iffiS to forget. 

D^3K, v. ffli>X a. U^X. 

?l3S<, Tiri3^ com. (=h. fittX, »X) thou. Dan. II, 29; 
a. e'.— Targ. fr'eq.— Sabb. 30 a na?is"'» thou, Solomon! 
Ked. 91 b if? 'X "« if it was not thou. B. Mets. 26 b ; 



' fctFOit m. (nix, rax, cirip. toix for ww) essence, 
substance. Men. 78 a XhiBal 'X xa^X perhaps by 'loaf of 
oil', the oil itself is meant?, i. e. a loaf made of con- 
gealed oil. 

1F13N f., v. wx. 

D n 3in35<, read blJiniX m. tunny-fish. Tosef. Hull 
III (IV) 27 ; v. bjrjx. 

" l SSt& ; Hri3!^ m. pi. Orthusians, v. rn^Wrnx. Targ. Gen. 
X, 17 (Y. 'MS). 

DllD^P^^ corrupt, of bi-iM&iBDX, pr. n. m. Antipater. 
Targ. Il/Estli. Ill, 1. 

O13T08, b^TDS, v. OTnw«. 

"^Fpfct f. (iv&TQXYj) sfore, capital of the business. 
B. Bath.'v, 1 if one sold a ship, he has not sold with 
it . . . 'XH r\X the funds and stores belonging to the 
business. Cmp. ib. 77 b (definition) !"0 ITW XptCS Ms. 
M. (ed. Sllisa'i) the business connected with it. 

"©"1~)F01X m. anthropeus (man), an assumed form 
for Sv&pwiroi;, for the purpose of deriving another as- 
sumed form(X*B™5X) anthropeia (woman). Gen.R.s.18; 
s. 31 did you ever hear people say gynios and gyneia 
(from yuvitj, woman), or anthropeus, anthropeia, gabra 
(man) gabratha (woman)? but you do say (in Hebrew) 
ish and ish-sha, both of the same root (as an evidence 
of the primitiveness of the Hebrew language). 

^BtTOl*, v. preced. 

JSITFQN! f. (XhPlX) woman, wife. Targ. Job XXV, 4; 
a. fr.— Lev! R. s/3'7, beg.; a. fr.— Yeb. 45 b . . . made a 
gentile woman perform the immersion's* Dfflb as a woman 
(after menstruation, not as a proselyte). 

"OS a' formative syllable, v. "S^X. Words not found 
under "bX should be looked for under "b^X. 

ON Ex. R. s. 15, v. CCX. 

^&5< to heal, v. i&x. 

&*©&*, J^b^I f.(?) (infin. of ids*, as noun) healing, 
remedy. Taxg. Jer. XIV, 19 (Regia l&X). Targ. II Chr. 
XXI, 18 'X n"to incurable. 

Hbfct, Stfb^ II m. (preced.) physician. Targ. 0. Ex. 
XV, 26 ^&X (TjbX); Y. ?|XbX thy &c. V. "'ON, X^bX. 

SSDStf III m. (contr. of XblX, v. bin) myrtle. Targ. 
II, Esth. II, 7; a. e. R. Hash. 23 a 'X bin hadas (Is. 
XLI, 19) is asa. Pes. 56 a STi 'X Ar., Ms. 0. (ed. XII) 
fresh (moist) myrtle. Ber. 9 b '31 'X miuOX'l you had to 
carry a myrtle-tree to the palace (when forced into public 
labor, v. X^55X). Snh. 44 a (prov.) '31 "fliS ^Spl 'X a 
myrtle between willows still is a myrtle by name, and 
people call it a myrtle.— Pi. X*bX. Targ. Esth. VIII, 15.— 
Nidd. 37 a (Bashi, sing.) 



K^MipOS 



!tf&i<, S^ffl^ m. (v..i0St,.cmp. may'Jttj';, StSlllJSt &c.) 
old. Qtltt. 69 a toSa 'St (Ar. StfflSt) old dog (in a charm 
formula); v. St03St. Cmp. Assyr. asi Kalbi, V, R. 8, 12. 

J<D*^., only in Stp12> TalOst (prob. fr. SO, Stab) to 
cawse a new-born child to vomit by putting one's finger 
into its mouth, to relieve it of phlegm; cmp. TjJri. — 
Sabb. 123 a , v. Ar. s. v. (Ms. 0., Alf., Ash. ^aiDSt, v. Rabb. 
D. S. a. 1.) [Rashi: to set an infant's limbs aright, v. 333 
Pi. — incongruous with the following pi1Bp">Sst ....]. 



[Keth. 1 



1 lmaost, *,:na&», v. stap.] 



*p7D:nDtf, l^taJJDS, '0 'tf 4c, a corrupt, 
of pBpilSiSt m. (equestris, equester) one belonging to 
the equestrian order, knight, nobleman (v. Sm. Ant. s.v. 
Eque). Esth. R. to III, 4 '31 na"pn bffl 'St TlSt (Yalk. a. 1. 
1054 .... hm lmBSSOiSt) I am the Lord's knight, for ... . 
my ancestor (Benjamin) was born in the Land of Israel. 
Talk.l.c. 'SI 'St 131 does aknight bow before a commoner? 

&nps*, rnps (rn&) f. (v. ip) %« ioi«e<? &>- 

#etter, ra/if. Ber." IV, 6 snosta (Ar. mo, Ms. P. stTOD&t, 
read SfHaDSt; v. infra). T. ib. 8 C '21 Sfn30st SOU 'X iTH 
asda, iskhadia (a^sSia) and rafsodoth are the same. Zab. 
Ill, 1 max. Neg. XII, 1 ITlOst Ar. (ed. mipDSt, Tar. 
SfHaOfct; V. St*"yn3p3St). 

^Jl^nnp^, !^?}iriPi8 f- 0*6) attestation, state- 
ment of an eye-witness. Tem. 18 b ITTntrio&t i&ta what 
is the object of his statement? Ber. 14 b . Teb. 64 b . 

IDS, v. StMOSt.-P/. ^llOSt. 

fcOptf, v. StllSSt. 

■pTTO», v. sadist. 

OTT'Tpltf pr.n.m. Severus, prob. Alexander Severus, 
Roman emperor. Ab. Zar. 10 a . Nidd. 45 a . V. Diaiaiaast. 

"J"iOfiJ m. (b. h.; OlSt, v. Oast) accident Mekh. Mishp., 
N'zik. s. 8 nma s6st 'it 'pst under accident is meant death 
(ref. to Gen. XLII, 38). 

nlSIO!^ f. pi. (b. h. hispst, Koh. XII, 11 5]0St) 
gatherings of scholars, councils. X. Snh. X, 28 a hot. 
Num. B. s. 14. Snh. 12 a 'St i^sa Sanedrin. 

"©IDIS; m., rP&l&S f. (Spst) foundling. Kidd.IV, 1 
(69 a ) '31 t|OStau) *s3 'St asufi is a child taken up from the 
street, whose father and mother are unknown, contrad. 
to i]3iraj q. v.— Ib. 73 a if this be so Kt»i s£> n^&IOSt 'St 
a male foundling ought not to marry a female foundling. 
B. Mets. 87\ 

-fipJS" m. (b. h., part. pass, of IpSt) 1) prisoner. PL 
tpiost, pIDSt.— 'stn ma (b. h.) ^mo». Gen. B. s. 91 ; 
a. fr.— 2) [Part, of "IpSt, q. v., forbidden.] 

"llOijl, v. '"fio'W. 

"flOSSi m. ch. (b. h. ni&X) We, cfew'w. Dan. IV, 12 — 
PI. plOSt Ezra VII, 26; v. IDT*. 

»"J1DN, KTIDN m., Snin&K f. same. Targ. 
Prov. T VH, 22 (ed 7 . Walt. 'OK). Targ/ps. II, 3; v. 10^8. 



K*n s l©S, v. Sfll&^St. 

sr^iDs, an^io's f. P i. (■««; cmp. «w*«) 

bundles, bunches. Hull. 51 b 'X bundles of reeds. Bets. 12 b 
StVvim 'St bundles of mustard stalks. Ib. 13 a fc&SB 'St 
when in bundles, they are Tebel (v. baa). 

1"H ! !D5$ m. pi. (v. llbst) prop, bands, esp. certain 
implements belonging to the wine press. Y. B. Bath. IV, 
beg. 14 c , for which Bab. ib. 67 b D">10a, Var. WIS.^; Tosef. 
ib. Ill, 2 p"ii\ Var. p^2\ 

IJ'HIDItf Pesik. B. s. 22, v. 110, a. 11SOB. 

NrflDS*, ID&J f. (t*t) ewe, remedy. Targ. Is. 
LVIII, 8. Targ. Gen. Ill, 6 (some ed. 0. TOT*); a. fr. 
B. Mets. 86 a top '31 Wl lOStl and Eabbi's cure shall be 
effected through him. B. Kam. 85°, a. fr. iTfflOSt ">Sta 
what is theremedyfor it? Sabb. 110 a perhaps the Rabbis' 
snake (excommunication) has bitten him 'X i"!" 1 ? if*?*! 
for which there is no remedy.— PI. "pip!*. B. Bath. 58 b 
"van St3St 'St }>3 ISJiia I, the wine, stand at the head of 
all medicines.— StnilpSt. B. Mets. 113 b irpnipst remedies 
for them. Lev. B. s. 37 -pllOSt (read ?]r-1DSt). 

J^iH'nTlpi? f.(ino) sitting around tlte table, banquet- 
ing. Targ. I Kings X, 5. Targ. I Sam. IX, 12 'St rrta the 
place of feasting (h. text hsa) ; a. e. 

uDN interchanging with "BSSt. [For wotds not 
found here below, v. s. 'ap^St, or "BSSt.]- 

NTtM&N, J-Q^DDtf f. (stativa, sub. castra) 
resting station. Gen. B. s. 10 end 'St iWS to take a rest. 
Pesik B. s. 31 SfDBOSt, read Stl^aBpSt. 

^npps, v. 'bot*. 

^bniapx, 'ss, y p^, y r>»n' t (dimmut. of 

Staap^St)' colonnade-like walk. PL nist^aBDSt, 'SSt &e. 
Erub. 24 a 'St 'St 'plffiS Mss. (ed. one 'St, v. Babb. D. S. 
a. 1.) planted so as to form colonnades. 

*£<ntfb;TQpJS> m. (stabulata, D. C. = stabularius, 
aw$Uxi\i) equerry. PL iBSt^aapSt. Esth. B. to I, 12 
'St tnalp (read O^aip) chief of equerries (comes stabuli) 
[prob. to be read ^lastBOSt]. 

TiT^pS, 'plH f. pi. (ISO, 510) rims, mouldings 
around a stove. Kel. VIII, 9; cmp. \sn\>, nsto, ni&to.— 
Y. Ab. Zar. II, 42 a bot. 'St 'jn ni^O *jn ed. Zyt. (oth. ed. 
rYTBOS) s'fiyoth and istagioth are the same; cmp. R. S. 
to Kel. I.e. [Tosef. Kel. B.Kam.VI,17 .. mstSStBD ... iai^ 
niiSO ed. Zuck. (Var. niSOI&O, B. S. 1. c. mst^BO), prob. 
corrupt, of tTist^ap.] 

VMUDK, %•$& ^ m. (Ispe. noun of fam) 
observer of constellations, astrologer. PI. 'p' 1 55aost, constr. 
i.3ii5BpSt &c. Sot. 12 b ; 36 b ; Ber. 4 a ; a. fr. Snh. 49 a , v. 

nwiaops;. 

*W^3l3t>», %% "^ ch. same.-P?. ir WDW« (?), 
St*5i35apSt &c. Targ. 'Y. Ex. VIII, 3; 14; 15. Targ. Job 
V. 13; a. e. 



rfi^DJIiap^, 'SIS, '^ f. (v. preced.) astrological 
speculation, planetary constellation. Sabb. 156 a inbsn&J 
'31 '2PX3 ed. (Ms. M. 'bita) I looked at my constellation, 
lb. '31 'Xa XS give up thy astrological speculations, for 
Israel stands not under planetary influences. Yoma 28 b ; 
a. fr — Snh. 49 a fflalS *m bv 'X fww Ar. ed. pr., Ms. 

Oxf. (ed. 'jiaup •OTSBSK) David's star stands as 

yet (has not yet gone down). 

TD&5< Y. Sabb. VII, 8 b bot., v. nxi*l3lalB&N. 
stfTJIp&tfl, II, v. WJBWWI, II. 

mito&», n^iita&N, v. >™. 
siTO$ v . w^'. ' 
abi^O a, v. sbtjwt 
"'Mobs, v. ■■vbdri, ii. 

*»l^' 1 ~lD1a1t2&^, Y. Sabb. VI, 8 b bot., also in 
two words 'a "IBM*, quoted from Aquila as a rendition 
of lUaail Ta (Is. HI, 20), read: KiiaaiBOSK (lvuxo[J.a^ia 
pi. of £vaTO|/.a^iov=£[j.jtX6xtov; v. explan. ibid, Diiai 
'31) an ornament of the bosom (stomach). 

iOQTGbsS, "IS I m. ((JTOjAa^Oi;) prop, orifice, esp. 
stomacti. Lev. B. s. 4 the food goes 'i6 XBETIa from the 
gullet into the stomach. Koh. B. to VII, 19 (incorr. 

fcODlDb^IL muscle, cartilage &c, v. Kiain&N. 
SS'lOTObSX, Pesik. E. s.31, read XliBa&K=NaiBXDD2<. 

-I3f HE3DN, v. istwwj. 

rpEba, TtapiA, v. w*. 

T3TB&X, v. -b%. 
MbK, b^ESSt, v. oibot*. 

nWK, v. rVJBBJt 

H^iaD^ Ex. B. s. 15, read aiDSX. 

"pEDEbN, yi^pE&tf, *W m. (axaxxov, sub. 
eXviov) o«£ iftai ntws off without pressing, virgin oil. 
Lev. B. s. 5 '3B&K )nW Mus., ed. 'pBt3X (Ar. 'pflbX) ; Num. 
U.S. 10 "jTiaBSK; Cant. B. to IV, 8 'pl&plBSt, 1BX (corr. ace). 

*JSTDt3&yt com., pi. xp^BOS OpSBOS Ar.) (Ispe. 
noun of 131D, 13b; cmp.b.h. >"P3tD, rV3tao)prop. embroid- 
ered figures; hence embroidered girdle. Gen. B. s. 19 (ref. 
to Gen. IH, 7) various girdles tWiD, ynbs '(* (Var. DiJIibS, 
Ar.ed.Koh. 'pilS) embroidered girdles (or girdle), wrapp- 
ing belts, and white linen belts; v. 'j'Mja 3). [PI. in sing, 
sense, v. 'pi^a.] 



btQbitf, pi. trtBos m., v. ^b&x. 

«$E&8, SbT^S^Xblia^, "^ f. (Ispe. noun 
of is, bba ; cmp. fi^B) »-o6e, garment. Targ. Y. Gen. IX, 23 ; 
a. fr. — Sabb. 128 a lb ST"l&rih 'X a robe becoming his 
position. M. Kat. 28 b (prov.) '31 'it ViiiD the grave is a 
fine robe for the freeman whose outfit is complete (well 
becoming old and virtuous age). B. Mets. 17 a ; a. e.— 
PI. "pbat)!*, ^b&x, lllbBW*, '2X &c. imJiaVi 'it. a suit of 
clothes.' Targ. Gen. XLV, 22; (ed. Berl. IjfcBWK; ib. Y. 
mail iTba&X, read ttJiaVi liaos).— Y. Ber. in, 6 d bot. 
(v. margin, note ed. Krot.). M. Kat. 24 a . Y. Snh. X, 29 b . 
Koh. B. to XI, 1 'JffliaVl 'K v. supra.— Cmp. rribBBS.— [Y. 
Shek.III, 47 c bot. am b® ^B&JS, read leftist; v. tfjriBTK.] 
[Although our w. coincides, in meaning and sound, with 
aToX-q in its poetic and older sense as 'an outfit', yet the 
form of its Hebrew equivalent (m^BbX) and the laws 
regulating the borrowing of words, as well as its appear- 
ance in so remote a dialect as the Mandaic (as xVaUS) 
forbid the derivation from the Greek.] 

rtax*, riwx, v. nw. 

"fytiStt, iblBDN, W f. (Was, v. preced.,=&^ 
q. v.) resting place, road- station: Y'lamd. to Deut. 
IV, 30 (quot. in Ar.) '31 ainsl iViabl* rflBS he put up a 
station for travellers, over which was written, "When 
this people shall go up &c." (I Kings XII, 27). — H. fi'MsBM* 
(fr. ri^BDtt). Num. B. s. 23 'X dflb laStt put up for them 
(the unintentional murderers fleeing to the place of 

refuge) resting stations '31 mi X laai (read n^BSK 

or y>B&!!t) and let there be an inscription over each of 
themitc. Tanh.Masell;ed.Bub.8; m'l&ibaiK, &i]?BiK.— 
Y'lamd. to Deut. Ill, 9 Di^B&iX 18)9 axial )VS» Am. a. 
Moab erected resting stations for the passing Israelites 
(quot. in Ar. s. v. *pl* 5). 

^1308, •b'i'Um, 'Q^II f. (a corruption of 
iVia&is&t' q. v.) letter, dying injunction. PI. rvWjBM*. 
mxiS ..'. Y.Sot.vn, 2i d bot. nffia tri> yrvte w and (the 

stones containing) the dying injunctions of Moses (Deut. 
XXVII, 8); (cmp. Bab. ib. 35 b ). Gen. B. s. 74 end Ar. 
(ed. a. Var. in Ar. iblB&iBX). *Midr. Sam. ch. XI (ref. 
to the five verses I Sam. IV, 13—17) tvb Wi »b pn 
■jibiB&iN i-naan ix f-i&in (read 'p&iD?) rfljjan iwriaa 
'31 i6st indeed so, not five pencils (writers?) or five mes- 
sages could kill him, but over the news of the captured 
ark his neck was broken. [Others read liWsOT* (stilt) 
styles used for writing on waxen tablets]. 

"ppQO^Taoa, v. apiBDbtetm 

rt^Da, '^, '^ f. <tt B , v. Kfep», m^B) 

1) wardrobe, esp. festive suit. Yoma VII, 1 'p.S 'X a suite 
of white color. Gitt. VII, 5 ir^BXN: Mish. (Bab- 74 a 
irfeBSiJ<, fr. !"feBSii<) my suit.Ib. 74 b sipfl xnbBSiJt fread 
in'. .... or in '. . . .). Y. ib. 49 a top rn*>B3«l*3 (read 
mb . . .).— 2) station, v. i^BOX. 

^D12DSS> m. 1) (Ispe. noun of dB&t=ti&n, v. Otett% the 
h. equiv." of our w.) forging steel, steel-edge. Ber. 62 b 'SO 



sbtlS'b (Ms. M. tfaiBbX read xalBbN, Ms. 0. XalBb, Var. 
rt», 'Six) what the steel edge is to the iron.— 2) front- 
let, v. XaBbiX. — 3) a word in a charm formula. Sabb. 67 a , 



]TDO^ S'mahoth XIII, end '£« >1, read pnsta IX..., 
v. HI**- 

^'l^'Ea&N!, 'SFTQ&5* "^ m. (Pers. ustddrdar, usta- 
ddr, Peri. Et.'st. p. 104) Meoj/or dotnus, vice-ray. Qitt. 80 b 
'SI tsbs DlttA ed. (Ar. TlbX) in the name of the gover- 
nor of &o. Kidd. 72 b "jWxrt TWa the governor of 
Meshan. 

tfi'frraaoK, v. ^aw?w. 

D^ttpN, v. t«m* 

*fp3 , oq», srtaiap^, rrptap^ t cpo=pn-, 

cmp. niaBBb">N) a system of information, sycophancy. 
Maco. I, 5'(5 a ) It SW rYOB&X Ms. M. (ed. niBBCHK, Mish. 
tiMbS, Y. ed. 1, 7 rVWatFK) this endless prosecution of 
witnesses on the information by other witnesses testify- 
ing to an alibi would be regular sycophancy. [Maim, 
reads fWBbX.] Tosef. Mace. I, 10 rPBiaCK, ed. Zuck. 
(Var. rWaBSN*). 

n 1 3H^pi2D!Sl, v. rpjBBbis. 
2TPt2Dtf, v. m?Bbx. 
^EJDCJN, v. w». 

fcOQQit, pl.fpBb!* 1) streets, v.XB/iBbX.— 2) theatre, 
v. ar'iBbi*. 

fcntSpN a com, v. tfjtntp*. 
n1^"lI3P^ f. pi. theatres, v. X^BbS. 
W^'iapSU-tB'T^*, v. mek 

"□i'H'itaQfcUBiiB'iBbx. 
b^nintgpi?, ston^pa , v . *«. 

"^VTQOX, 'O^S B. Bath. 143 a , read with Ms. 

iSitpBbl*. 

bTtfrrcaoa, Kbixrrcaos, v. nex t ™. 

OUibilI?DK ('mj '&*, M) m.(^xpoX6- 
yoi) astronomer; astrologer. ' Y. Sabb. VI, 8 d top Kin 
"W (read in) a certain astrol.; a. fr.— PZ. psftilBbK 
CSS &c). Targ. I Ohron. XII, 32 ed. Bahm. pSlVnkijS 
(Var. TiBSFK). Ex. B. 1; a. v. fr.— Cant. E. to VII, 9 
ibisibilBbX. [Yalk. Ex. 164 pViSnBbiX, a. other cor- 
ruptions, corr. ace] — V. also next w.— [As regards BX 
for Bb, v. Becens. Don. b. Librat ed. Eilipp. p. 9.] 



(aaxpo'Xo-j'ia) astronomy, mostly astrology, sooth-saying, 
astrological prediction. Y. Ab. Zar. II, 41 a top ■'an JTin 
n^TI 'SO. he foresaw by dint of astrol. speculation (prob. 
to be read pS . . ., v. infra). Pesik. B. s. 14 sVWiBbX 
(corr. ace; cmp. liJB).— PI. psftilBbK prop, astrologers, 
tmsf. astrological books, implements, horoscope &c. Gen. 
B. s. 85 'SI 'JO hrm nxil she saw in her astrological 
books (or horoscope). Deut. B. s. 8 DiSlVnabSO B^'a; 
Lev. B. s. 36 biisilBSIK, b^SI^ . . . &c. (corr. ace). 

S^ibi-ltaDK same. Y. Sabb. VI, 8* IW 'HbX 
plptt) his astrological books (or computations) lie. 

"J1TH3DX Yalk. Koh. 960, read pSiBlBbJ*. 

yO^^II^Oi^ adv. (<jTpoY7uXov, or axpoy-pXouv, 
S.) in a rounded way, circularly (opp. xexpa-yomv, or 
T£xp*7(bMtov). Pesik. B.s. 10, read: pUSIBB pS.W f<n S&» 

'si rt>iss> pis isns 'x x^x nsnx nuia ix they sat not 

forming a square or a long line, but in a semi-circle, 
like the shape of a half of the rounded court-room (v. 
pis), so that they could conveniently see each other. 
V. pniais. 

&*t2DiSi")t3P&f, 'D^tf (variously corrupted, v. 
infra) m. pi. (axpoip<o[ji.axa) pivots, pins at top and bottom 
of a door turning in sockets. Gen. B. s. 66 nihVih 'x fas 
'SI Ar. (ed. XBialS">1BbiX ; Yalk.Gen.l 15 XBIailBb^X) pivot- 
like, the doors could be doubled backward. [Yalk. 1. c. 
may be read XBIBIIBbX <7xp6<p<oxo«, v. LXX.Ezek. XLI, 24.] 
Midd. IV, 1 XBiajOIBXiX Ar., ed. rtBialBSiX (corr. as 
above). Pesik. B'shall. p. 86 b ; Yalk. Sam. 152 pVi&O 
XBalBax &c. (corr. ace) like doors turning in sockets. 

tftfTOtf, 'U?X, HTanCpNl c.l)(mterchanging 
with XBIbX, XB*b, trnsp. XlbbX; strata, sub. via, 
crrpaxa S.) paved way, public road. Targ. Y. II Num. 
XX, 17 rtB . . .; a. fr.— Y. Gitt. IV, beg. 45 c . Y. Snh. 
II, 20 a top 'SI 'X IS on the road he heard &e Tosef. Sabb. 
X (XI) 1 sq. (KBIb, XBIbX, Var. XBinbX with n). Ab. 
d'B. N. XXVIII life is like 'SI XiBIBbixV (read XB . . . .) 
a public road running between two paths &c. Koh. B. 
to VII, 7 "'B'lBbX SipS fcUiin I was bending my road, went 
out of my way. — PI S'JB'TBbS, (Srt'B'IBb^incorr. SJBTBI?!*). 
Targ. Y. Num. XX, 19.— ps"iBbs* usu. the city walks, 
promenades (between the colonnades &e). Y. Sabb. VI, 8 a 
bot. ta fiiiaa nn were promenading &c. Y. Kil. IX, 32 d 
top; Cant.B.toV,13;Y.Eeth.XII,35 b bot.p"lBb8. [Deut. 
B.s. 3 pBIBbX, read pliB^BbX.] [In Targ. mostly fDlbS, 
piBbK.]— 2) theatre. PI. nixa^BbX, v. XpBbX. 

niSQIlDDX M. Kat. 5 a , read with Ms. M. hix^B^BbX, 
v. S^BnabN. V. precea. 

rrarngcjN, v. x^^x. 

^WUlDUi^ Cant. B. to VII, 9 read X^B^BbX, 

V. NB'b''B'nBbK. 

«^T!QP«, 'P^I f. (axpaxsfa, in the sense of 
axpaxoirsSo^) camp, encampment, esp. an open space in 



front of the royal palace, court; also station on the road 
for Temple pilgrims. Erub. 26 a b^sia iti) 'X Ms. M. (ed. 
■jia) camp or court round the royal palace. [Men. 103 b 
-|ba ill) KilBb'W, for JWM&i|*(?), v. however tfjlBb!*.] 
[Lam.B. to III, 7 'K MTWS; Ab.d'B. Nath. XXVIII "wi, 
read XBIBbX. Targ. Y. Num. XX, 19 W;B1 . . . some 
ed., v. KBlBb!*.]— PI. rvi&OBIBbN. M. Kat. 5 a Ms. M. (ed. 
fflSB . . .); Mekh. B'shall. Vayissa ch. Ill 'X stations 
(=nisirii). [Erub. 1. c. ttrtD . . . fc^B . . . , read ana), 
or mxi . . .; v. Kabb. D. S. a. 1. note.] 

prop. arww/; hence 1) host (of heavens, cmp. LXX Neh. 
IX, 6). Num. B. s. 12 nbsa btiJ 'K; Midr. Till, to Ps. 
XOII, end Ib&t . . . divine army (angels, prophets &e> — 
2) royal suite, court-officers. Kidd.IV,5 "ia Vtt) 'X3 sroia 
recorded in the king's list of officers (daring Agrippa's 
reign, serving as evidence of legitimate birth; cmp. 
W*I). Lam. E. to II, 2 'BbN; Y. Taan. IV, 68 d hot. 
Ib'st the list of Barkokhba's suite. [Y. Ned. XI, 42 d bot. 
nTOlBbX read hiai'iBIBbiS: ; ib. 'psn nVBiabx read 
aiiBiabK. Y. Gitt. ill', 45* top. waiabK, v. nibiaiai*. 
Tanh. B'resh. 2 hlXiBIBbX, Var. nifcCiabtf, v. JTIBbX.] 

A^lDp^, W n Q"ll3D» m. (<rcpadj T iov) camp, 
regular garrison (=h. 32a), 'contrad. to stragglers &c. 
Targ. I Sam. XIII, 23; XIV, 1; 4; 6; 16; a. e. — Pl. 
■pia-iabX. Targ. II Sam. VIII, 6 (h. text d^SS). 

Targ.' i' Sam. X, 5 . . . ^BIBbK (constr.).— N*3 

Targ. I Kings IV, 5 'Jt i» chief of camps. 

' &15TOS (rtania&») m. ( ax P ax^6 5) «,.•- 

litary commander, general; (in later Greek) prefect, city- 
magistrate; also chief of body guards (<jxpaxr]-fCK xuW 
TtpaiasvTaXiwv, D. C). Ex. E. s. 31 (cmp. Gen. B. s. 58). 
Ib. s. 37, beg.; a.fr.— Deut. B. s. 10 '31 •p)PBlBb&6 (read 
bii ....); a. fr.— PI. •pj/BiBbi*, ^BiabS— Targ. II, 
Esth. I, 3 ■tntib-W (corr. ace.) generals. Y.Ber. VIII, 12 c 
top 'X ">3tl> two chiefs of guards; Gen. B. s. 3; a. fr.— B. 
Bath. 143 a ^BIBbKl ^13 Ms. M. (ed. lailabKI ^VlSSt); 
Y. Yoma I, 39 a top ">3iBlbX1 ibis (read ^BIBbXl ^13, 
v.^13n).Yalk.Koh.969l!jBynBbailaX(read^aiabj6) 
he ordered his guard. 

ai^ntapa, atai^triBpa, b^utniiapa 

m. (axpaxtu>T7]<;) prop, soldier, later Roman officer (D. 
C. Gr. s. v.); attendant. Y. Shek. V, 49 a ; Cant. B. to 
III, 6, end S^BIBbX (corr. ace). Y. K«th. I, 25 c top 
Wu . . , (corr. ace.).— PI. ^BYiplBbK. Targ. I Chr. 
XVIII, 6 (v. however Targ. II Sam'. VIII, 6). Tanh. 
Haaz. 2, read: 'X 1X3 the officers came to meet the king.' — 
niBiWBQSt. Y. B. Kam. IV, 4 b top 'x ™ nisian rrttau) 
(read ilttWDtt)) the Eoman governm. sent two commis- 
sioners. Y. Ned. XI, 42 d bot. WWlBbK; v. ^BIBbXII. 

I^unapx, bWtrrcap&t, bTTrrcaba, 

v. preced. 

Dlb^"lUb», v. next w. 

«Bbia"Tt2b« f b^tT^CK m. (axpatr)U- 
T7)s=roagister militum, v. Sm. Ant. s. v.) commander in 



chief, military governor. Lev. B..s. 16; a. fr. (everywhere 
corrupt, corr. ace). Y. Snh. X, 28 b top niB^BIbK (corr. 
ace.) his stratelates.—Pl. 'pab-'BlBbX. Targ. Esth. Ill, 12; 
VIII, 9 iblV>B1Bb!* (corr. ace.). T Gen. B. s.44; a.fr. (corr. 
ace). Ib. s. 78 "iJ>BlBbK, read laiialabK my stratelatoi. 
b-pltTTHPa, read bis 

bi^bE-iab^brpbtaiaba, v. ^aia^. 
K^taps, nnabis, ^nuptf, 'p^, *2&> 

S" 1 ^ f. (also NIBS!* m.) cacophemistic appellations of 
all kinds of gentile sports; cmp. the use of ftsaxpov and 
deaxpfce tv in Ad Corinth.I, IV, 9, a. Hebr. X, 33 ; af+lBbK &e, 
as if a denomin. of lib, cmp. Syr. SMIBbK, aTllBSK, P. 
Sm. 304 a. cit. ibid.; X311BSX, as if fr. SIS; ypllBSK 
(v. next w.) as if fr. lis, v. 'piBSpX; cmp. *)1i3)K) theatre, 
arena, gladiatorial shows, &c. Ab. Zar. I, 7 (16 a ) B1113 
'31 K111B2X (Ms. M. X311BSK, but in Gem. 18 b repeat- 
edly X*i1B2X; Y. ed. S^lBbiX; Mish. Nap. St^BSS, com- 
ment. iWiBXK) place of execution, of shows &e; v.Gem.l8 b . 
—[Men. 103 b -jia ill) KilBbiX the king's amphitheatre, 
v. SOBIBbX]. PI. niilBbS. Sifra Ahare Par. IX ch, 13. 
Tanh. B'resh.2 nixlBbXVar. (ed. rViXBiBb!*). Ab.Zar. 18 b 
rllXBlBb^b "fbfi xi il!)X Ms. M. (ed. nikiBIBi, v. Babb. 
D. S. a. 1.).— ^IBbSt, v. next w. 

Yh'nlBSX, '')i''1 aS ' ,i <i also ' with rejection 'of 'X after pre= 
fixes) m. (pi. of KlBbX, v. preced.; used as sing., sub. 
-n rV3 &c.) arena, theatre. B. Kam. IV, 4 (39 a ) nil) 
■pBSittn Ms. M. (ed. "pBSiK, Ms. H. a. B., a. Mish. Nap., 
a. Y. ed. f lab^K) an ox of the arena (that killed a per- 
son). Tosef. Ab. Zar. II, 7 '31 pIBbSS SlBWn Var. (ed. 
Zuck. "pBIBbiK, ed. ^IBb^X) he who visits the amphi- 
theatre is considered a murderer (countenancing blood- 
shed); Y.ib.I,40 a, pB2ii!t (interchanging with yHB^m). — 
PI. y^lBO* &c. Ab. Zar. 18 b 1"U) ^&a 'i6 'psiin ^» 
Ms. M. (ed. B^i 3S)ia ^3B» ^ilasxb ...., v. Bab. D. S. 
a. 1. note) you must not attend theatres on account of 
bloodshed. Ib. (repeatedly) IJilBSK Ms. M. ; Tosef. 1. c. 6 
•pSliBIBSiNSt (Var. ■pS^IIBSi, 'pVIBSi); 7 ^SlilBSisi 
(Var. 'p-niai, 1i31i1BSi); Ab. Zar. 18 b ^3i1BS6ti Ms. M. 
(ed. nlfcOBIB, En Yakob I msi1BSi«, v. preced.). [Y. Erub. 
II, 22 b bot. ■plBX b >X, pIBSX f. ruins, near Tiberias, v. 
•pB^!*.] ["flabX sometimes for ^albX.] ' 

bi^bnEba, v. xa^aiBbx. 
»bibj5ntap», v. *wdib. 

^©^ (=ibi\ Prank. Meb. Y. s. v.) pr. n. m. Assi; 
1) an Amora, mate of B. Immi, disciple of Bab and of 
Samuel. Sabb. 22 a ; a. fr.— Y. Ab. Zar. V, 45 a bot. ibS1= 
'X 31— 2) a copyist. Y. Keth. II, 26 b bot. ill&b -pW 1133 
'31 'N1 as for instance, if witnesses say, these are the books 
written by Assi, and like these (in handwriting) must 
the documents be. 

"P^, &<b^ (sec. r. of blK, v. b3X; cmp. B)">, m<, 
(1)3^ &c.; v. Ges. H. Diet. s. vv. fit!*, htoS) to be strong, 
well. [Act. v. to make well, v. infra a. ^bij.] 



Af. "<m to cure. Targ.O. Gen. XX, 17 (Targ. Y. ibst); 
a. iv.—Part. i&a, i&ita.— Ned. 49 a fi^&itV, mm iist&itb 
to cure him. Sabb. lli a i&a f13a Wit where there is a 
wound, it (the vinegar) heals it. Lev. B. s. 16, end, read: 
■>»lai> n$> X^&XO I shall cure him all alone. Gitt. 56 b 
•pba^ibita, v. next w. 

Bhpa. "W% Ithpe. "tor-PSt, 'nst to be cured, to recover. 
Targ. Josh. V, 8; a.fr. — Sabb. 33 a . Gitt. 12 b ^Ibf-lSt ""SQI 
tf2 for he wants to get cured with the money he re- 
ceives as damages. Yoma84 a iStbFiiitl gotcured. Keth. 62 b 
fiaV&fliSt she grew well. Koh.R. to I, 8 he went &c. 
Sti&StPPa in order to be cured. Crap. flbl. 

ON, JS'piS, sS"Qs5 m. (pieced.) physician, surgeon; 
also thaumaturg, [Ess'ene, Therapeut ?] Targ. Ex. XXI, 1 9 ; 
a. e. Y. Yoma III, 40 d bot. '31 'X 1h a certain thaum- 
aturg in Sepphoris. Y. Taan. Ill, 66 d '=1 "pbs6 1"p1St 
honor thy physician (with presents) ere thou be in need 
of him. B. Kain. 85 a '31 StpTll 'St if the surgeon is far 
off, the eye will be blind (before he arrives). Num. B. 
s. 9 'Stb .... StSlfl a door which opens not for charity, 
will be opened for the physician; a. fr. PI. St^bSt. Y. 
Naz. IX, end, 58 a — Stflllbit, StillSS, Targ. Gen. L* 2] a. e. 
Gitt. 56 h '31 IT^ l^baV'S physicians to cure B. Zadok. 

K n O!K or ^D1!S a word in a charm formula. 
Pes. lll a (Yar. lect. v. Babb. D. S. a. 1.) 

i^DN, H^DN, fcTD? pr. n. Aria. 1) Asia 
Minor, or rather the Boman province embracing the 
Western part of the peninsula of Asia Minor, bequeathed 
by King Attalus to the Boman republic. Targ. Y. II 
Gen. X, 3; I Chr. I, 6 (h. text W3t»St). Y. Kidd. I, 61 d top 
(twice for ^p); Gen. E. s. 44 (once for "Op, once for Tip, 
some ed. SY«BSt corr. ace). Y. Meg. I,71 b bot. (for »3fflit). 
Sifre Balak 131 (p. 47 b ed. Friedm.) SOast (corr. ace); 
v. Yalk. Num. 771.— B. Mets. 84 a ; a. e— 2) name of a 
town supposed to be Essa, east of the lake of Tiberias 
(v. Neub. Geogr. p. 38; cmp. Bap. Er. Millin s. v.). Y. 
Kil. IX, 32 c bot. Sabb. 109 a 'S (with hot springs). Yeb. 
XVI, 4 'S; Y. ib. 15 d top 'St; a. fr. 

}XX>X, v. k>mk. 

!$JTPpX f. (ibst) cure, recovery. Targ. Prov. 111,8 ; a.e. 

ID^P^ (v. Bib; cmp. bfl I a. bbp to be extravagant, 
squander. Targ. Prov. XXIII, 20 '31 yiBib&tl (Ms. TWMS1, 
v. infra) who are extravagant in eating meat, v. ilTl. — 
Part. Bibit extravagant. Ib. 21. — PL rw»t, v. supra. 

ITEPDStf Deut. B. s. 7, read Vio^ax. 

W^pN m. (ibst) physician. Y. Sahb. "VI, 8 C top 
'31 '11 rW«bX the physician of &e. 

b^pa, v . to*. 

jlH"P!S m. (5airj(j.o^, -ov) uncoined metal, bulion. 
B. Mets. IV, 1 '31 rttlp 'X the uncoined metal buys the 
coined, i. e. by delivering the uncoined, which is considered 
as goods, the purchase is concluded. Ib. 47 b ; a. fr. 



anrpa, v. wtoj«. 

fctrCHp!^ f.(v. N3bX a. ny-on) a receptacle for grain. 
Keth. ¥'; Ab7 Zar. 8 b 'Sta ilWial 13a from the time 
they put barley into the asinta (as the first prelimina- 
ries of a wedding feast). [Ab. Zar. 1. c. read rTWib&O. — 
Other opin. 'St=itfit>St mortar, for pounding barley,— 
trough for brewing beer— pot for planting barley for the 
wedding ceremony, v. Ar. s. v. a. Bashi a. 1.] 

50p"p?^ m. (redupl. of Ibst) granary, storehouse. 
PI. labUMt. Pes. 4 a KtrWfia 'St Stai tp3St on the sea-shore 
granaries are palaces. [Oth. opin., taking Stablest fr. Obit, 
cmp. ttittJit, I would establish (build) palaces. Oth. opin., 
reading SWbSt or taking our w. to be=S«bSt, at the sea- 
shore thorn-bushes (a thorn-bush) pass(es) for cypresses 
(a cypress); v. StlTfia.] [Gitt. 69 a , v. SUO"'b.] 

^"pN m. (b. h.; t)bit) harvest, crop.— PI yW?N. X. 
Shebi. II, 34 a top, six sowing seasons 'it SUBftJl and six 
crops in one Septennial. 

*5<&*pltf m. (=StQib) threshold. B. Kam. 104 b he 
consummated the transfer of the money (which he 
authorized him to collect) mrvai 'it aSSt (Sh'ilt. Ms. 
StBib, v. Bashi a. 1., v. Babb. D. S. a. 1. note 60) by trans- 
ferring along with it the threshold of his house (as 
immovable property); v. aJit. [Oth. vers. #£"&, end, ex- 
treme wing of the house, v. Bashi a. 1.] 

Jl^DSS! f. (b.h.fi&bit; Spst) 1) gathering, assembly. Y. 
Taan. I, 64 c top QS fl&i&St public meeting for fasting 
ceremonies. Gen. B. s. 98 ye shall be nfit* 'it one (un- 
animous) assembly.— 2)=tpbK. Hag. 18 a 'it laia stan an 
the festival that falls in the harvest season. Ib. tt"va 'it 
i1li5 ^ Ms. M. (ed. less correct Sl3s6a) is harvesting per- 
mitted &c.?, a. e.- — 3) (ref. to Num. XI, 22) the mere 
talcing into the house for consumption, without the ritual 
slaughtering (nBTHB). Hull.27 b . Num.B.s.19.— 4) being 
gathered in, death, use of the verb t|bst with reference to 
death. Ib. prt&t nsi&it the death of Aaron (Num. XX, 24). 
B. Bath. 16 b 'SO WIS the use of SIS a. CpSt. 

TDfcJ m. (b.h.; ~an.) prisoner.— Pl.)^bK. Kel.XII, 1 

'St bffl fillip prisoners' stocks (a metal frame in 

which the prisoner's feet were shut up). 

TDK, TON, KTDN m.(1bSt) 1) aspreced., im- 
prisoned, prisoner. Targ. Gen. XL, 3; a. fr. — 2) (part. 
pass, of Ibst) tied, connected. Fern. Stl^bit. Targ. Y. II, 
Gen. XXV, 1.— 3) forbidden. Targ. Y. T Num. XXV, 6.— 
PI. Tl" | t?St>."n' 1l ?St> St^bSt; fern. ll^bSt. Targ. Gen. XL, 3; 
5; a. fr.— Targ. II s'am. Ill, 34. ' 

{"TTDIK f. (preced.) imprisonment. Gen. B. s. 92 "pst 
'Sta 1^13 must not all of them go to prison? 

^r^DSS! f.(ibit=ibS ) bbS; cmp. ^11 a.rtsia) 1) mortar. 
Sabb. T 77 1 ' (playful etym.) KfTVWl 'St ed. a.Yar. Ar., it is 



called dsitha because it is caved out (Ms. M. a. Ar. 
Xrfti&n pious, submitting to blows). Hull. 105 b N33131 'X 
itam mortar and pestle for spices. Nidd. 36 b (Issi play- 
ing on Ms name) I am JTOrtSI '» a brazen mortar. — 
Keth. 49 b 'SI '» trb 1B3 invert for him a mortar in 
public (improvise a stand) and let him stand up &c. M. 
Kat. 22 b 'X 1S3 invert thou a mortar &c— 2) (from its 
shape) hip-bone, pelvic bone. Hull. 52 a '&M NS313 the pestle 
and the mortar, i. e. the rib sitting in the hip-bone and 
the hip-bone.— *3) (cmp. Nidd. 1. c.) trnsf. hard-hearted 
woman. Gen. R. s. 17; Lev. R. s. 34 'X Kin pl3ffi> Ar, 
(ed.XhfiSX, mn KnhiJS; Yalk. Lev. 665; Is. 352 SttffVK) 
divorce that mean woman. 

JS'HSpNl f.(<7iztia) raft, float; cmp. Sfa&X. Y.Ber. 

IV, 8 C top Sfi'TSW* (corr. ace). Neg. XII, 1 VaV.; Naz. 55 a 
KinpbX Mus. (ed. 'np&X; Tosef. Ohol. XVIII, 5 ffttDK). 

V. srnwba* a. s^pbst. 

"'blSpStf, 'p" 1 ^ f. 1) (a/oX?)) school. Pesik. Bahod. 
p. 101 b ; bant. R. to II, 5; Koh. R. to III, 11; Talk. 
Ex. 272 (all of which compare to arrive at a corr. text). 
Ex. B. s. 9. lb. s. 20, beg.— PI. wMsiSbN, tm. Cant. R. 
to II, 15. — 2) (scholse, sub. palatina3=scholares, B. C.) 
imperial body guard, royal officers. Deut. R. s. 2 ib">3bx 
riSIS (corr. ace.) Pharaoh's attendants; Cant. B.- to 
VII, 4 piipbSt (corr. ace, or read 'piist?!*); Midr. Till, 
to Ps. IV, beg.; Y. Ber. IX, 13 a Ti&lVsiX, 'pbi31!* ; Yalk. 
Ex. 167 Bltel!* (corr. ace). 

Nj^btSDN, v. v*. 

NFfiFDDi* f., pi. anassbK, v. snasipos. Y. Meg. IV, 
end, 7V XrWI!* 'K (='!*!*) on the lowest door-sills; Y. 
Yoma I, 38 c 'pbN ; [the entire passage is obscure], 

SOSbS, PTOplX f. (!5S&,y-]&,cmp.Gen.XLVIII, 
14) lattice-work of a fire place, grating, grille. Pes. VII, 2. 
lb. 75 a Mapiaa 'X (Ms. M. '•>$) perforated grille (with 
holes in the upright bars for the spit to turn in, v. 
Rashi a. 1.). Y. Pes. VH, 34 a hot. tbOGK ^S roasted over 
the grate.— PI. ntepit. Sifre Num. s. 158.— nixtebS. 
Ab. Zar. 75 b ; Tanh.*Hukk. 2.— Chald.pl. XrtebX. Targ. 
Y. Num. XXXI, 23. Cmp. hpWQ. ["Es^apa does not 
correspond in meaning.} 

*&tb3DN, 'tfR m. pi. (Eu),a,=axso7) SuXwo, v. Sm. 
Ant. s. v. Ships, a var. lect. quoted below) the wooden 
implements of a ship, oars, ladders, poles &c. Tosef. B. 
Bath. IV, 1 he who sells a ship "3biNri rW 13a (some 
ed. 'pbiK) sells implicitly the oars &e, (Mish. B. Bath. 
V, 1 yOTBa) ; B. Bath. 73 a (Rashi yis&X, Ms. M. N"k3bN, 
Ms. R. rbpo», Ms. 0. SMfejb'W, read '^teb'tt). [Comm. 
ladders=sca,lss. — As to transpos. of b3, cmp. BlBBlbSYl.] 

*ytQSp&< (flOSt^) f. (WO, v. P. Sm. 307 sq. 
b3bX a. denomin.; an adoption of <j^tj|«.<x, -aT04 would 
redd HfcjaiSbtf) planning, simulation. Targ. Prov. VH, 10 
(h. text WSJ); cmp. next *■. 



. Targ. Y. Num. XIII, ! 



SfflD3p^ f. (Mb) consent, agreement, targ. Y. 
Gen. XXXI, ! 14. lb. Num. XXXII, 25 Kin '83 in one 
thought; cmp. preced. 

fcOi©^, n"l2p5< f. (lib; cmp. Ps. LXIH, 12) 
choking, croup. Ber.8 a . Taan. 27 b ; a. fr. 

^"DOS*, v. X^BbX a. St;H|3bK 

b&5<, TD&J m. (Ao ; cmp. Gr. SoiMa) a pole or 
yoke carried on two or, more commonly, on one shoulder. 
Par. VII, 5 'S3 T-itUlpl and fastens the bucket to. the 
pole. Kel. XVII, 16 '31 13 unB WT a carrying yoke in 
which there is a (hidden) receptacle for money; Koh. 
R. to IX, 13 Vi«*. 

tfbpXl : 

XXIX, 3. 

tfbptf II, MbpN, ^bp? f. (k», **», dial, for 
i=SX, Sss>, cmp. ib*iij 1) foot-stool, folding stool. Sabb. 
I38 a 'si bpbia Xb3i tttia (Ms. M. xte-isi, Alf. xVpbix, 
v. Rabb. D. S. a. 1. note, v. bpblBj couch, folding chair, 
and foot-stool.— 2) privy, iron frame of a privy-stool cov- 
ered with leather. Kel. XXII, 10 fun (Var. in R. S. S&brl); 
Erub. 10 b '$ ed. (Ar. '*); Tosef. Kel. B. Bath. I, 4. 

ab&iMtftt, v. i»*. 

■piabOX Y. Ber. V, 9 a 'X3 pV^on, read pBlbX or 
pirtuK; Pesik. R.s. 23—24, p. 122 b ed. Fr. i-iBSXa'corr. 

•bm,y.Ab. 

^ITOOp^ f. CTjab) 1) swppori, reliance. Keth. 67 a 
Kin SS*iKSt 'wrbabX their reliance rests on the landed 
property. — 2) Scriptural text used as a support for a 
rabbinical enactment^ intimation (KlpS< ITfiabK 'they 
leaned their enactment against a Bible text'). Hull. 64 b 
xaiS3 'X Slpl "paTra it is actually a rabbinical law, and 
the Bible text (quoted) is a mere support or mnemotech- 
nical aid. lb. 77 a ; a. fr. — 3) (law) Asmdkhta (surety), 
a promise to submit to a forfeiture of pledged property 
(or equivalent) without having received a sufficient con- 
sideration; collateral security with the condition of for- 
feiture beyond the amount to be secured; e. g. A pays 
a portion of his indebtedness to B, leaving the bill of 
debt as a security in the hands of a third party, and 
agreeing to pay the full amount on the bill, if, at a 
stipulated time, he should fail to pay the due balance. 
B. Bath. 168 a OTp #b 'X asmakhta does not purchase, 
gives no title, i. e. gives the claimant no rights (because 
the law presumes that he who made such a promise, 
could not have meant it seriously but had in view only 
to give his transaction the character of good faith and 
solemnity); ibid. xnp 'X asm. is a valid legal transfer 
of property. B. Mets. 66 a ; 73 b . Ned. 27 b ; a. e.— Snh. 24 b 
applied to forfeiture of stake in gambling (inasmuch as 
it makes the gambler an immoral person disqualified 
for witness or judge in court). 



]^0p8= r watx. 

&0P&*, kCpliS m. C]dx=h. )tin, DbX) store-house, 
granary.— PI. N^?OSt. Targ. Joel I,' J7 (Var. 'WIS, fi). 

5W§N or ^DSSt m . (=h. .130, v. Ges. H. Diet, s.y.) 
1) thorn-bush, bramble. Targ- Ex. ill, 2; a. e.— Sabb. 67 a 
'X 'X Ms.M. (ed. n3Dn, nadfl) Oh thornbush! Ab. Zar.28 a 
'XI XT"M parings of the bramble wood. — 2) shrubbery 
fruit, bramble nut. Ib. b 'XT xniitfJp the stones of &c— 
PI. i.ibx a drink made of shrubbery fruit (?). Pes. 107 a 
(Ms.M. ^bX, Ms. M. 2 ijins; v. Eabb. D. S. a. 1.). 

NrpDDN f.=X3bX. Sabb. 109 b 'HI XYTtt Ms. M. (ed. 
XWbX)' 

ls33QfiS pr. n. m. (prob. identical with Assurbanipal, 
Schr. K- AT T. p. 376) Osnappar. Ezra IV, 10. Snh. 94 a 
(referred to Sennacherib). 

DDStf to found, Pes. 4 a , v. XSbidX. 

S]D^ <0>- h -; V*P> v - Ges - H. Diet. s. v.; cmp. Ttt, 
a. 13.XI) [Jo scrape together], to gather, harvest. Snh. 
Ill, 3 rW»l) iBblX those who harvest the fruits of the 
Sabbath year (for storage) ; ib. 26 a 'p&bix (opp. to •pfilb 
traders in fruits of the Sabbath year). 

Nif. C|OX3 1) tfo 6e gathered; to be taken away (by 
death). Num. B. s. 14 (p. 257 d ed. Amst.) biBbX!) firtl 
isaifib and they (the people) gather themselves to hear 
him' Ib. (p. 258 a ) WT9 d"*DSO dmbSSHJ Ian after their 
teachers have been taken away from them (when they 
are dead); Pesik. E. s. 3 ; Talk. Koh. to XII, 11; Tanh. 
B'haal., 15; a. e.— 2) to be picked up. Kidd. IV, 1; v. 
iSfibX. 

Hif. SpbXtt, mostly Spbin, v. Db\ 

^pS"* ch. same. Y. Keth. V, 30 b top xVl X-Qriba &6 
'31 "paWO (read 'pBbXS) it would be unreasonable not 
to consider students like harvesters, for they work (even) 

^J©P&* f., v. rwis&K. 

&©"HBp!!j*. m. (Pers. ispid-ab; Arab ispidag, Perl. 
Et. St. T p'. 48) 'white-lead. Gitt. 69 a 'XI Klix Ar. (ed. 
X3"PSbX) aloes and white lead. 

3"l£p&*> "^ m - ( 5SS > v - S ^ B6 ) sponge-cake, spungy 
bread. Targ. O.Ex. XXIX, 23; a! e.—Pl T?iBdX. Ib. 2; 
a. e. (Editions also 'SIBpX). 

rrjisps. f. h. 

pi., sub. rob)* 
'J1BDK, v. spx. 



same. Sabb. 78 b Ms. M. (ed. yiSBbX, 
r. KTMbS2). 



I^DlSbN, v. TbBiBX. 

I iDDsSm. (=h.1' 1 BD) [the glistening] sapphire. Targ. 
Cant. V,Y|. 

p"T)£5pl!$ pr. n. pi. Isporak. B. Kam. 94 a top )vn 
'X Ms. M. (ed*. Wl, Ms. B. VVAZft) who came from I. 

■"tSSpSS!, v. ipispx. 

fcTEB&N, rna&DB, v. troMrirc. 

"©&*$ to feed, Af. of iBD q. v. B. Bath. 21 a . 

pD^ElpM, V, M»? ? BOT*. 

*^^Dp k 5,^^Bp^, ^DD$ *1K f. (Ispe. noun 
of p:s)' the free-man's armor ' (for h. lisn" Simian q. v.). 
Targ. II Sam. XVIII, 11; a. e. [Syr. Xp^iBbX, XplBbX 
rubro colore tinctus, P. Sm. 313.] 

K^piBDS, v. efepro. 

TSbK, ▼. ■«». 

fiOTEOS, v, ks^^jk. 

0"1"©p!S m. (Ispe.nounof BIB, cmp.i-!b"lB) the front 
part of the foot (where it is split). Num. B. s. 4 "|Blr"l 
'31 'X he turned the front of his foot (put his foot on 
tip-toe) and danced. 

*n'$' 1 3£>pfef; f. (Isp. noun of X^>B) solemn declara- 
tion.— PJ.'niX^Bpx. Deut.B.s. 7, beg. '31 'X "i, 13 ttP 'jaX 
Amen contains three kinds of solemn declarations, oath 
(vow), consent, and confirmation; v. Shebu. 36 s . V. 

f-ix^Bn. 

JXTbBOX, 'O" 1 !* m. (Ispe. noun of iVB; Arab. 
Hbt>, to 'cut,' v. Ges. H. Diet. s. v.; cmp. IIS); a cut-off 
place, recess, whence 1) cave, cleft. Targ. Y. Ex. XXXIII, . 
22 (h. text nipJ). Targ. Ps. LVII, 1 (ed. 'bix).— 2)=ea;- 
edra (v. X'i'ibDX), recess in the house, sifting room in 
the shape of an open hdll, generally supported by columns, 
B. Bath. 7 a 'X ST>iBa Ifi one of the heirs received a hall 

as his share. Ib. 'XT xa Xp the other built a wall 

in front of the hall (debarring light and air). Esth. 
B. to I, 9 'X tva reception rooms.~^-Pl. "Wtox. Men. 33 b 
'31 Tb rvw 'X halls SBpported by coijjmns'. 

pTa*ib*p&«, v. T ^ m 

I^Sp^xrit^Bbx. 

&*3bBbK, v. next w. 

n* 1 ")?Dp^, '""JS! f - (-f' 1 ?s'?ab!$ or ni3i?ibx, ispe. nonn 
of »\>3 or fta;' cmp. xn^a, a'. "'Alpp.; B 'd'ialeet, for 3, 
induced by precedmg sibilant) rag, plaster, compress 
(for softening or healing). Sabb. IX, 2 (expl.ib. 1 33 b seven 
portions of fat and one portion of wax). Y, QrJ, III, 
beg. 62 d '31 'X ntBWtt he who makes a plaster of the 
fat of &c. Y. Sabb. VH, 10 d top 'XM nx hlaaM Ij* who 



atvobBps 



or x">a-sp&) 
.- Nidd. 30 b . 
jugh for the 



spreads a plaster. Tosef. ib. I, 23; a. fr. — Pesik. B. s. < 
B^BB^X (corr. ace). [SttXtjviov, in Hippocr., seems 
be a Greek adaptation of our w.] 

NrfObSDN, y D n !St ch. same. Targ. Job XXX, : 
Ms. (ed." Xri^sBBX, V. preced.); Var. X33X.— Sabb. 13 
'31 iat> yinVoi 'X a salve for all pains is 
of &c, v. preced. — 

!tf DSD**, W pr. n. (=Xa^B ; 
1) (prob. of Phoeii. origin) Hispania, Spa 
B. Bath. Ill, 2 '31 'X3. rVtPtt) *13 long e 
owner to be in Spain, while the present occupant may 
occupy his property for one year, and for people to 
travel a year and notify him, and for him to come 
back the next year (and raise his claim). Ber. 62 a . Yeb. 
63 a .- — 2) (=X^aBX q. v.) Apamsea, several towns, esp. one 
each in Bithynia, Mesopotamia and Syria. Y. Shebi. VI, 
beg. 36 a (h. ilip); Gen.E.s. 44, end; a.fr.— Gen. B. s. 60, 
beg. iTfiWanai 'Xa from Ap. and her sisters (country 
towns) (in Babylon or Mesopotamia); ib.s.30 X^aBlBBXa; 
s. 44 'BBaa (corr. ace.)— [Targ. Ob. v. 20 Ar. (ed.X^aBB)]. 
[B.Bath. 74 b 'X iffi nai=6iiaS as Ms. M.] V. X^SBBX. 

"OSDISl m. (v. next w.) Spaniard.— PI -psaox. 
Makhsh! VI, 3 'Xtt cVip the colias of the Spaniards, a 
species of thuny-fish (prob. to be read "'SB&in 'p). 

jrODpfrf, 'D* 1 !^ pr. n. pi. Hispania, Spain. Tanh. 
Vayetse, 2 'Sal tsWrtQ from Gaul, Spain &s.; cmp. Lev. 
B. s. 29 ; Yalk. Jer. 312, a. e. X^BSBX .— Pesik. B. s. 32 
(p. 56 a ed. Pr.) &15BBX3 (corr. ace; ed. Fr. s. 31, p. 147 a 
'aBBX).— V. X^aBBX. 

fcMB&fct, fcO^B&K Snh. 21 b , v. x :? BBX. 

^BONS, T^SON, v. nRMDW*. 

DlD&OpSpS,' Dl3^pSp5< pr. n. m. Vespasian, 
the Boman Emperor who, when general, conducted the 
war against the Jews which ended in the destruction of 
the Temple. Targ. Lam. I, 19.— Sot. IX, 14 bffl BiablB 
'X the Vespasian war. Y. Meg. Ill, 73 d ; Lam. B. in- 
trod. (B. Han. 1); a.fr. [Meg. ll a 12513135 .. . lax^XialDl, 
read with Ms. M. a. old prints -iBip 'St.] 

"^DiOpSpC^ (genit. of Vespasianus) Vespasian's 
(followers). Lam. B. to I, 17. 

Gi^P&DN, fcirpSpX, v. BiSX^BBBX. 

*&trpSpi< f. (reduplic. of t)B, v. ">BB; cmp. b. h. 
XlBBa/l) fodder for cattle. Targ. Y. Gen. XXIV, 25; a. 
fr. — 2) (in Talm. Bab.) any plant especially adapted for 
fodder, grass (Pers. ifsist, clover, prob. an adaptation of 
our w.; v. Snh. 93 a : 'to import 'SI X1T3 aspasta-seeH' ; 
Yalk. Dan. 1060 'Xa, corr. ace). Yeb. 121 b 'X ildp 
cut grass. B. Kam. 20 a ; Ab. Zar. 28 b 'XI nVTfi long 
stalks of asp.— Ib. 'SI Xfiffla (Ms. a. old ed. xaBIBXI). 
B. Bath. 28 b . 

■piribBba, v. ■**«?«. 



^ 1 ~lbj?Sp!S!, 'D 1 ^ f. (specularia) 1) window-pane 
made of lapis speciilaris, window-glass. Targ. Y. Ex. 
XIX, 17 ; a. e.— Kel. XXX, 2 'X lXtSStB iinah a (glass) 
plate which is used as window-glass.' — 2) Metaph. pro- 
phetic vision. Succ. 45 b '31 'S3 i^snbal who contemplate 
(Deity) through a lucid speculum. Gen. B. s. 91 HX"ill) 
'31 113.B1D 'SO (play on sheber, grain, and seber, hope) 
he saw in the glass of prophecy that his hope (Joseph) 
was in Egypt. Lev. B. s. 1 robilba 'X a dim glass 
(vision); opp. nnsmsa 'X polished glass (clear vision).— 
PI. nrv&pBBX. Ib. ; Yalk. Lev. 432 niS^pBtJ''!*. 

"13&B~lpBiDl!<, read T3BB"ip&X, v. iBBSpBX. 

*~lBDltf (TDD), Snh. i06 a si ias (Bins tvo b^i) 

'X 'f'Q'b ed. [missing in Ms. M. and added on margin; 
Ar. ed. pr. a. ed. Koh. 'X yvb; Yalk. Num. 771 fpsi xb 
'X] pr. n. m. (Aewv "Iaaopo*;, Leo Isaurus) Leo the 
Isaurian, Byzantine emperor, leader of the iconoclastic 
movement which caused a long-continued war between 
the East and the West of the empire. [The words above 
quoted are an interpolation of the eighth or ninth cen- 
tury, and refer to "the war between the lion and the 
lioness"' — words immediately preceding our quotation. 
The interrupted context in Bashi a. 1. shows that the 
commentary to our ws. is also a later addition and that 
in Bashi's Talmud text there was no such interpolation. 
As to the impression on the Jews of the iconoclastic 
agitation, v. Sachs Beitr. I, p. 78. Eor Var. Lect. v. 
Babb. D. S. a. 1. and Koh. Ar. s. v.] 

"©pit m. (IBB, cmp. 11BBX) Espar, a Hebrew 
name T for' Sestertius (cmp. IB^X &c). PI. const. ^BBX. 
Maas. Sh. n, 9 (Ms. M. 11DSX, v. X1*>nBiX, Asheri ilSSX); 
Eduy.I, 10 (he must exchange the fourth Denar) TO31X 
^B3 'X Ms. M. (ed. S31X) for four sestertii. [Oth. opin- 
ions (v. comment.), Sanpoi, supposed to be worth one fifth 
of a Denar. There is, however, no evidence of Saitpot 
being used in this sense in the days of the Mishnah.] 

brispa, v. *% 

*NTnSp5S!, mV)BQ«, 'Q^ collect, n, (prob. 
a contraction of explorator vice) forerunner, the com- 
mander's van-guard. Keth. 3 b (Tossaf. take it as sing- 
ular). V., however, "illilBX, "pIlllBX. 

ll~lSp!S m. (Saitpoj, ov) white, opp. •jY"ma(u,aup6s) 
Mack. Gen'. B. s. 7 'X ihi 'lla Ar. (ed. piia) a white 
fish and a black fish; (Yalk. Gen. 12 mm a. B31X; Y. 
Kil. I, 27 a bot. XB^sb a. Xpim). 

*]iqnBp», "pt^bSpi* m. pi. (Ispe. noun of BIB 
or tsisB, v. H.Dict. s. vv.) separate threads, hangings, 
fine fringes. Lev. B. s. 17. Yalk. Ps. 808 •pBiS&'W. 

*S0"H5p!tf m. (BIB; cmp. VT&QR) that which is to 
be split, log (h. TOpa). Lam. B.' to III, 12 'xb xallS3 
(referr. to yn arrow, taken in the sense of ^2n to split) 



•pE^oa 



; $ i- 1 



as a wedge for the log, i. e. the wedge (Israel) is struck 
hut the log (the hostile nations) is split. 

:6"i£t>N, v. h-m^- 

^D-©QK, "N (TDpB&K) m. pi. (v. Low 
Aram.Pfl. p. 152) smelling herbs, scent-box. Bets. 36 b 
'=1 'SO. (ed. '« IS) in the scent-box of B. A. ; Sabh. 121 b 
'SO. (Var. '1X3). Men. 43 b i»p12bS< ed. 

jOHSpIS ( y-fs to run, cmp. snt^w) quickly, di- 



^ap-©oa, 

^riSDX, " , 13SP^ f. (aicASr), spatha, spata p. C.) 
6roa<Z sword, esp. <Ae executioner's sword. Pesik. B'shall. 
p. 81 b '31 iDBOSO Ar. (ed. 1Bfi&">»; Yalk. Is. 302 beg. 
iBpB&St; corr. ace.) with the sword with which the 
Egyptians struck, were they struck.— PI. "priBDX. Ex. 
B. s. 15 'Si HB9 prepare ye the swords ; v. SlVlpiBO. 

"HASON m. (nita&apiot, v. preced.) carrier of broad 
sword, one of the imperial body-guard for which tall 
men would be selected. Cant. B. to II, 15 ■pintoBSSt 
(corr. aec.).— PI. "priSSX. lb. a province (or city) rirtaa 
"(Ms 'St was rearing spatharii for the king. [Gen. B. s. 65 
•jlopJS.] 

. JCTpDN, v. st^&st. 

K^lpP&tl, SbE3lp!T« m. (Isp. or Ithpe. of 
bwp=\nVi thumb) snapping with thumb and middle finger, 
flipping. Taan. 25 a ifflSStSt 'SO "b pia Ar. (ed. . . . "pina 
'1SJK; Ms. M. IStniSStSt) he stirred me up by snapping on 
my forehead.— J?J.."^U!|pOSt. Ab. Zar. 28" 'OSt "pfil» niTra 
Ar. (ed. ivy*) snap thereon (on the swelling) sixty times. 

40T2fipp!SlII f. (scutella, axooxXov) a salver or 
waiter ofnearlg sjware /ew.iKel.XXX,l. M. Kat.IJI,7. 

,^p^&blp&^,r,ead'i3D^. 

■n^ppa, v. w*. 

S^SIpP^, v. StMflppSt. 

riD^pOJSt, ' n !Sl f. (qpb, cmp. b. h. Cppaja a. Spl) 
cros«-#ieee; l)^ardof aship. .Tosef. B.Bath. IV, 1 ed.Zuck. 
(Var.HS^n&t); Y.ib.V, beg.l5 a in selling a vessel one has 
' : not implicitly sold /Xrt RSt. £he yard (because, it is taken 
■down when on land ; v. Sm. Ant. s. v. Antenna). Midr. 
•Till. to.Ps. CIII (the embryo in the womb) 1T0UJ.t)"lSt3 
'ai nsip&so (some ed.n3issa,.read rwabri hsipDsp)iike 
a , person seated on the yard on open Sea. — 2) lintel, 
threshold,,. gen. lower door?sill. Sabb., 6 a ; a. fr.; cmp. Y. 

Mmjr, :3?\ expi. t]d. ,r. SBh.,vi,23 b bot. .'stOTnstrraw 

make, me the threshold for the Law to pass oyer .me; 



i. e. let the law have its course at the expense of my 
life; Yalk. Ps. 688 St&lpDSt }!!!» (corr. ace). 

n&*lp&^, v. preced. 

NflDlppN, K^pOK, 'D^ ch. 1) as .preced. 2. 
Targ.Y.'Ex.XII,22; I. e. (0. StSp'a)).'— PI. StrlBlp&St. Targ. 
Prov. VIH, 34.— Y. Yoma I, 38 c , v. KBDWek Yoma 5a a 
'31 'St 'j&ITPa the thresholds .... were stained with 
blood.— 'pSlpDSt (better IWpCK). Y. Ab. Zar. in, 42 c top 
'St liSSTO . . . seventy doorframes were upset. — 2) meat 
hanging on a crosspiece. Y. Shek. VII. 50 c bot., ed. Bab. 
to VII, 4 rTFi . .. stSTOa (not WUBa) to wash his meat in 
the river; Y. Ab. Zar. II, 41 d hot. Sin . . ., read it*) . . . 

^Dlp©^ f. (pOJ) 1) burning. Targ. Y.Gen. I, 29.— 
2) offering^ Targ. II Chr. XXX, 14; a. e. 



fibpoa, ■ 



XSppSSl or n Spp!Sl f. (sxacpT), scapha) light boat, 
skiff. T PI. ni'st&ppSt. Tosef. Succ.III, 12 'pSi&^St, ed. Zu'ck. 
(ed. 'pB&St, corr.' ace). 

l3BpD«, ^SpOtf, v. next w. 

^apSppltf, n I2pD^pQ f. (oxercaoirVj, sub. S|*a$a, 
ax£7ta<jT6v=xa(j.apa; v. Poll. X, 52, Sachs Beitr. I, 171) 
tilted wagon, litter with canopy. Midr. Till, to Ps. 3 
iBIpDISt, iSp&X (corr. ace; read fobfia). Pesik. Bahod. 
p. 103 a 'bS-ipD Ar. (ed. i£)1S1p&, corr. ace). Koh. B. beg. 
iB&SnpD^X (corr. ace).— PI. nisfa&Sp&St, ni*BpSip& &c. 
Buth B. to I, 19; Lam. B. to I, 3 rili-jspbst ed.'(Ar. 
Tfpa&po, corr. ace). Num. B. s. 12 MStpbS ipbSaa, read 
'BDSipD "paa; Yalk. Num. 713 (corr. ace). [Lev.E. s.14 
iH&BipD iias rroa -jina Ar., ed. only nisa "pha, v. Midr. 
Till, to Ps. CIII, s. v. flSlpbSt.] 

i^ppfc* m.,pl.')i'ipt?S (-ipb=*ipT). [the hopper,] iskra, 
name of a species of locusts, horn without legs. .BI^uJl. 65 a 
Ar. a. Eashi sing., ed. pi. ; Yalk. Lev. 537 (corr.acc,). . V.i£t. 

^"IpD^, 'p^SSl f..(ipD,foesjBy=!=b..h. : .TnB,fr. l|ffi) 
prop, espying place, hence mast or rather yp.rd (where 
the captain sits for looking out; cmp. .SW'IIFl). B.,B,ath. 
73 a , explain, toren; v. supra. Taan.21 a 'Ka tab^tii I would 
throw myself (into the water) from the sail ya,rd. B. 
Mp.ts. fi9 b . Kfitb. fifl 1 " stnttal 'X mast-yard; Taan.21 a 
)0).— Neg. XII, 1 ; Naz. 55 a v. 



. 69 b . Keth. 
(v. Babh. D. S. a. 



ITEfHpP&t. f. pl.ch. l)=next w.Targ. 0^Bx.XYI,31. 
— *2) rea'dYSiaiDpa (jj,u$(uir^p£4 as LXXjZach-.IV, l,q) 
tubes, lamp-mozzles. Targ. Zach. 1. o. 

^IpDM, v. next w. 

V^lppSSl, '^ m. pi. (Ispe. noun pf fiftp; enrp. 
B^rjl a. denom.) /balls; a kind of .paste. ,Mekh. ^hajll. 
Vayas.5 iB^ppS fSS (read -,» . . .' ,). Hail, t.4 ; ; ^fs"s3K 
Y. Hall. Ill,, 57 d bot. plffll "pn^n .r?fk jsk r 'ritjn i a,rX^c.,..y. 



"1DX (b. h.; sec. r. of lie) to surround, enclose (v. 
Schr.KAT Gloss. II, s. v.)— whence 1) to chain, imprison; 
to sentence to prison. Ber. 28 b , v. Il&ist.- — 2) to harness, 
put the horses to. Mekh. B'shall. 1. Gen.R. s.55, v. SfiBK. 
— 3) to bind, obligate. Lev. E. s. 23 '=1 'St!D "^l^St had 
not the Lord bound himself by an oath ; a. e. — 4) to in- 
terdict, to declare a thing forbidden according to ritual 
law, opp. Tffi to loosen the tie, to allow. Hag. 3 b ibhft 
■pTma ibbm p&i&t the ones declare forbidden what the 
others allow. Lev. B. s. 22 ~\h irVttlrl "£> i3?l*T0fitUS Ma of 
whatever I have forbidden thee (as a class) I have allow- 
ed thee (a specimen). Erub. VIII, 4 V^S IBist he (by 
residing there) restricts the other (debarring him from 
carrying things around on the Sabbath). — Part. pass. 
-iTOit, f. rvjiBX (it is) forbidden. Ber. 35 a 'si IB dlstb tf> 'st 
one'mustnot' &c; a. v. fr — PI. SPl.iest, psiest; f. rmi&St. 
Ter. X, 12; a. v. fr. V. ll&St. 

JK/". lests to fee forbidden, to become subject to ritual 
prohibition. lb. 11 rViestS fiS'W rtieist affects other things 
which come in contact with it, but is not affected; a. fr. 

""iDSSj, "IDS ch. same; 1) to chain, imprison. Targ. 
II KingsXVII,4; a.fr— 2) to bind by spell, charm. Targ. 
Ps. LVIII, 6; a. e.— 3) to tie up, put on &c. Targ. Y. Gen. 
XLIX, 11; a. e.— B. Mets. 86 b illUl 'St itpl that he tied 
up (his wound) and untied it. Sabb. 81 b SGIStb ftPHBSt 
she tied (stopped) the ship (by magic spell). — 4) to bind 
the bowels, check diarrhoea. Gitt. 69 b iBiaK— 5) to forbid. 
Hull. 109 b '31 )b 'Stl i>5, v. preced.; a.v.fr. lb. lll b ; 112 a , 
a. fr. liBK, i^BX ^ is, tte^ are, forbidden— Ah. Zar. 37 b 
hib "TOia SfJBSt'pBli he ought to be called, 'Joseph the 
f orbidder.'— Y. Meg. I, 70 c hot. nth left to forbid fast- 
ing on the day preceding. — 6) Ho bind one's self by vowing 
a fast (cmp. Num. XXX, 3), or to be bound. Meg. Taan. 
XII, end, quoted and discussed Taan. 12 a (v. Var. lect. 
in Babb. D. S. a. 1. a. notes). 

Pa. ISSt to tie (sheaves). Targ. 0. Gen. XXXVII, 7. 

Ithpa. IBStriSt I) to be imprisoned. Targ. Gen. XLII, 1 9 ; 
a. e.— 2) (in Talm.) Ithpe. leFTO* to be forbidden. Targ. 
Y. Num. XI, 10.— Hull. 101 b "iorV& let it be forbidden. 
lb. 115 a nerrfc naiB nTOa what has been prepared on 
the Sabbath ought to be forbidden. Yeb. 33 a IBriia Stp 
ftas&aa he is forbidden from doing labor; a. fr. 

IDS, v. ™*. 

"IDS, S"lpS» v. iot*, stne-wi. 

SODS m. one who forbids, v. lest. 

Qi" l "l*lD!S!, /-| S m.=BTWBei!t (cmp. stradiot, D. C. 






o XI, 1 



rPlDfcjt f. (IBSt) ifte act of tying (the horses), harness- 
ing (the chariot). Gen. B. s. 55 '31 iesttt> 'St Stan the 
harnessing which Joseph did himself (in honor of his 
father, Gen. XLVI, 29) will stand against the harnessing 
by Pharaoh (to pursue the Israelites, Ex. XIV, 6); i. e. 
the merits of Joseph's filial love will protect Israel from 
the hostility of Pharaoh. 



srrnDS, v . sn&^i, 2. ■ 

STQ")0S, "W m.=StB*lBett, road. Targ., v.'BBSt.— Y. 
Shek. VII, 50 c bot." StriSlS-T'StYin Bab. ed. nn&tJl StpieiSt, 
corr. ace). Y. M. Kat. I, 64 b bot. ; a. e. (interchanging 
with 'v/o»).—Pl. 'pB'nBSt promenade, v. 'Best.' Y. Taan. 
IV, 68 a bot. Y. Yen.' XII, 12 d top 'jB'ie&tp). [jiB'TOX 
troops, v. 'B^St.] 

niTm, same, v. 'eist. 

S^IDS, 'O^I f.^BiaBstl, camp, station. Y. 
Shefc VII, "50 c bot. 

&WOS, 'D^II f. army, list of officers, v. 
stip^B&st II. 

"iJlTlba, v. bi^bbx. 

I0i" l I2"ipS, 'D* 1 ^ m.=BiiBnpest.-P/. niBiwest. 

Y. Pes. VIII, end, 36 b '31 palli) lifi 'St (Roman) soldiers 
were guarding the doors of the Temple in Jerus., and 
they bathed (as the ceremony of admission into Judaism), 
and on the same evening partook of the Passover meal. 
[Tosef.ib.VII, 13, rYPTlBSiSt ed. Zuck., Var. niBVniBSSt, 

"jTQHDS, v. twot*. 

DlblTON, SDb^lDS, v. KB^pesj. 

ptOHpS, v. StpnpSt a. ^B'lBiSt. 

SsTTIpS, v. Sfipnstl, 2. 

~!5?}pS (Ifchpa. 1 of "ISO) to be locked up, engrossed 
with, [Bashi: to be bewildered, silenced, not knowing what 
to say]. B. Kam. 40 a -Stn^apa "nines* IpatB Ms. F, leave 
us alone, I am yet engaged in the first question (Bashi: 
I am not yet ready to answer &c). [Editions a. Mss. 
isnest, prob. lowest. Ar. Twest 1 am sw*(?).] 

ann^oa, v. #rm* 

"IjTIpS m. (Ithpe. noun of 'Ira) [the bright^ Venus. 
Targ. Job XXXI, 26 (h. text list, cmp. ibid. snne=rTP). 
— Meg.l3 a why wasHadassa called Esther? "pip rt"lSt.. 
'St WilSt Ms. M. (ed. 'St dill) by) the Gentiles called her 

Ist'har (Esther), (ed after Ist'har); Yalk. Esth. 1053 

innest dUJ to Milan 3313 MrYiat pip called her Venus 

corresponding to Ist'har. [Cmp. istar=I"KrffiH>, Schrader 
KAT176sq.] V. StT«m 

fcnnsj&N, K"™dk, *™ds, v. > T «. 

SDDlFlbK, *N (fiOQ'lBO&O' m. (Ithpe. noun 
of "pB; cmp. StSalB) the thick part, or the protection of 
an organ of the body, muscle, cartilage &c. Hull. 50fc 
(explaining 'the inner stomach') SWD 1 ! 'St (Ar. 't)BS«) the 
thick portion of the rumen (?). Ab. Zar. 29 a Sta^n 'St 
the protector of the heart (or of the stomach), the car- 
tilago ensiformis, xiphoides, v. "^pMStl, 3; (other opinion 
rejected in Bashi: fleshy walls of the heart). 



JS^DinDS pr. n. pi. Istunia, a place near Pum- 
b'ditha,perh. identic with WStibll q.v.Keth. lll a . 

' QTiriDX, v. wo. 

rn^broa, rrabn&a, v. n^w^ 

J^^pN=W^Bt«, Straps*. Targ. y. 1I Deut. 
XXIV, "3' " : ' 

f\m h., MFK?«, 'Q^ ch. m. (Ithp. of 10, v. 
"pD a. plis) rte rfear or coW mwjo!, hence north-wind, North. 
Keth. 23 a ; Kidd. 12 b pbX TSS CIS the witnesses are 
in the North (Babylon; v. Tosaf. ib. a. v. X^IIX).— Targ. 
Job XXXVII, 22 Ms. (ed. X^tTOX); h. text ant).— Ber.59 a 
'31 XifiBX xnx (Ms. 'ix) the northwind comes and clears 
the sky. Brub. 65 a a Talmudic decision must be as clear 
'XI Xal*i3 as a north-wind 'day; Meg. 28 b . Sabb. 116 b . 
Cmp. xirpa 

»^3F!D«, y. «. 

so^ba, y. ^o«. 
T3ri&«, y. iiHwj. 

D^CK, v. tj&i* 
^EFIOS, y. 'bd^. 

ITQpnDX Ar. for yiMB&Sj!. 

~lj2?lQit (Ithpa. of 1pt>) to /ooA around. Keth. 62 b 
'it fTWH Ar. (ed. nab ild) she saw him looking around 
in her room (not knowing that a stranger had entered). 

"t?]bX (b.h.) pr.n. f. Esther, wife of king Ahasverus. 
Ex. B. s. 15 iTii|*i"il 'X iixai and Esther (bright star, 
v. IfWlbX) came and brought light. Meg. 13 a ; a. fr. — 
'X nWa, or only 'X, the Book of Esther. Snh. I00 a . 
Meg. 7 a , a. e. (controversy as to its canonic character). 

- n^jibTin&s, y. *«*#. 

D^iJiirDS, 'D* 1 ^ f. (Ithp. of pib) 'X rta desert- 
saitf, /bssW salt, contrad. to n^allb r&a sea-salt. B. 
Bath. 20 15 (Ms. Oxf. 'BbX). Bets. 39 a (Ms. M. milbpbx 
prob. from confounding with fpllilpbb). Men 21 a . 

WTanrtox, y. •■ 



ysS } iCfiN m. ch. (h. yv) wood, woods; also wooden 
handle. Ezra V, 8; a. e— Targ. 0. Lev. XIV, 4; a. e. 
Y.Sabb.VII, lO'top.v.n^N.— Pl.ywti. Targ. Josh. IX, 21; 
a. e.— Y. Pes. IV, 30 d top.— Hebr. pi. b^SX, beams. Y. 
Erub. I, 19 c ; Y. Succ. I, 52 a 

itD^.^ f. pi. (v.preced.) laths of a latticed window. 
Targ. T Jud. V, 28 (h. ajfflX). 

bSiil, Y. Sabb. VII, 10 c top, v. np^X. 

I^S, IS^SS. Targ. I Sam. XXV, 18. 



N5H!?stf m. (315>) occurrence, adversity— PI; TS1SK. 
Targ. T Ps." XXXIV, 20 Ms.; v. XS1X. 

^1 (b. h.; t]SX, cmp. M) also, too. Keth. 6 b ; a. fr. 
Xin tjk *Ae same. Aboth II, 6.— ">B hi) d,X.(abbr. B"SX) 
prop. e«e» follomng the dictation of; SJ bs t|X (abbr. 
J"3X) prop, even on the top of,=notwithstanding, although 
(the former mostly in Mishnah, the latter in Gemara). 
Keth. V, 1 '=1 llaxti) B"SX although the Babbis have 
said; a. fr.— Meg. 3 a Xth S& Ifiixl S"SX although he 
does not see it; a. v. fr.— p is Vs b,X nevertheless. Snh. 
98 a ; a. ir.—Chald. same. Targ. 0. Num. XVI, 13; a. e. 

v. fcfix. 

^S$II m. (b. h.; v. S]3X) prop, breath, hence 1) nose. 
Midr. Till, to Ps. XVIII, 5" (interpret, afafuni, ib.) IS^tt 
'X IS miSii the troubles have risen up to the nose. 
—2) panting, anger.— Du. n^BX. Y. Taan. II, 65 b bot. 

'31 E^BX "|1X t|X "pX, it does not read (Jonah IV, 2), 

Slow of anger but of angers, which means that He is 
long suffering both to the righteous and the wicked; a. 
fr.— 3) pr. n. m. Af, allegorical name of the angel ad- 
ministering justice. Ex. B. s. 41 end; s. 44; Deut. B.s.3. 
— *4) overheated condition, wearines. Maksh. Ill, 8 tiSffla 
5]Xn when the animal is overheated, Var. tfrP q. v. 

^|!S III m. (b.h.; t]BX), only in du. d^SX face (cheeks). 

SSStfl ch. c. same; 1) face, presence. Targ. Ez.I, 6; 
a. e.; V XBSX.— Gen. B. s. 35, beg. iXBX 156 "WTvab to 
see my countenance. Ib. s. 87 it is right "toa ttBX yiti 
that the face of this (idol) is covered.— M. Kat. 20 b BBxa 
in her presence, 'X X^a in her absence. — Transf. front. 
Hull. 47 a '31 riSX the front (of the lungs) facing the ex- 
aminer.— With -h, towards,opposite. Snh.72 a iXBsWphe 
places himself opposite me (for defence). Pes. lll b hi&xb 
rrtxaiDI (Ms. M. '115 rt*vb) towards, by his left side.— 
PI. 'ptes, X^BX, face (b. h. di&X, d^JB). Targ. Ez. 1, 6 ; a. fr.— 
Pesik. B. s. 21 'X3 'X face to face. Cant. B. to III, 11 
the angel has 'X ffiafi five faces. Lam. E. to V, 5 linan 
'X in darkness of countenance, in sadness. Y. B. Mets. 
IV, 9 C bot 'X \rf? Mb flax xVl but one must not say so in 
the presence of all (publicly). — 2) (only in pi.) modes, 
ways. Targ. Cant. I, 11.— Ned. 41 a xrobfi iQX methods 
of talmudical disquisitions. Lam. B. to II, 2 'X yvfl® sixty 
ways of interpretation. Ber. 4 b 'X XTjaha (Var. yphx, 
Ms. M. rtn Sqbx) in eight ways, eightfold acrosticon.— 
1THB&3 1BX3 for itself, separately. Snh. 56 b ;. a. fr.; y. 
XUJB?.— 3) esp. in the .pi. X^BX, Xi*BX character, nature 
Esth. B. introd. fcttlSiSn 'X impudent people' (h. d^JB US). 
Y. Snh. X, 28 c bot. and if the Lord will not hear me )>p 
fllB 'X all natures (divinities) are alike (proverbial ex- 
pression of distrust in God) ; Lam. B. introd. (B. Yitsh. 2) 
Ar. (ed. ?«;&X); Pesik. Shubah p. 162 b ; Buth B. to 11,14. 
Cmp. 1B1X. 

StfSsSill ch.=h. qxll, nose. Targ. Lam. IV, 20; a.e. 

JtfSN m. (contr. of XSBX q.v.) a striped wild animal 
(of the genus felis) of which the male (stronger) and the 
female species are distinguished, corresp. to h. S^OS q.v.; 



leopard, and hymna striata {striped hyena). B. Kam. 16 a 
(expl. SWISS leopard); ib. (expl. 5132); v. discussion ib. i 
Yoma 84 a VirO*\ 'X Ms. M. (ed. aWTi, corr. aoc.) a male 
afa. [Sot to be confounded with b. h. inSSS!*, v. Hold. 
M. Gr. p. 58 sq. note.] 

■^TBfct, y. \s*j*«. 

*O n OD"©tf , &1&DTT&8, *T|&», read&TO^BK ! 

m. (iiti8l£i04) dexterous, clever, refined. Num. B. s. 10 j 

(alludingto Laban, v. lab) he was surnamed (to his praise) | 

'»" 'the reflhed.' B. B. says SHTQ plba refined in wicked i 

acts. [In parallels Gen. B. s. 60; Buth B. to I, 22; Yalk. j 

Gen. 109 &1&3T11B read SiiDini'lSi (7repi3s?to<;).] j 

iCJBN m. (h. 'ftm, Pers.; v. Friedr. Del. Proleg. I 
p. 149, 'note) country-seat, mansion, palace. Targ. Jer. j 
XLIU, 10 (h. text Infill!).— M.Kat.12 3 . Bev.56 a . Keth.62 a 
'tkf fctbltfa h 35 sleeps in the shade of his palace (at home, 
in safety).— PI. "'S'lBS. Kerith. 6 a (read 'tfSS or with Bashi 
'»' bs). Keth. 97 a . ' 

$1E>$ to fcafce, v. *>**. 

nsss, v. t<BN. 

iSltf Lev. B. s. 30, read ^SIX. 
D'HTlBitf, v. »^6S. 

.■jiapbsisa, flnbbsiBK m . a^^a^) juice 

of the batsam-tree, balsam. Gen. B. s. 27 'X 'picaa Vn 
'31 t]tt)1 (read 'pBffi'l) they would take balsam and smear 
it on the stones (of the houses of the wealthy); Y. Shebi. 
V, 55 d bot. 'ta ^affill marked out with balsam. Y. Hor. 
HI,47 C Tiadba "totO (corr. ace). Gen.B.s.39, beg. 'b&lBK, 
•pa^dbiBlSI* (corr. ace). V. 'pa&'iBi*. 

l^nS«,v.nextw. 

*^P^58, ^j£fcj m. pi. (54-tavd;, sub W»o«, ob- 
sianus) obsidian beads' [Bashi : of gold, thinking of IS]. 
Sabb. 57 b Ms. M. TISK (ed. IS^nSX, Ar. s. v. 3« '13X; 
Var. in Mss. "1BK, T^BSt, v. Babb. D. S. a. 1.), expl. hBts'lB, 
of Mish., contrad. to NrtBiDprt Kmoin balsam beads, v. 

xpitfin. v. rjp&s. 

EfhTi&a, v. «wsk 

SttTlSSS or fctTllSfct m. (HB3 or MIB) stvelling, 
whence bulk, volume. Pes. 50 b IJTmjtiBK t»i&S Ms.0xf.(ed. 
in^tnBK, v. Babb. D. S. a. 1. note) their bulk is large. 

lllfcllDStf, read T^&six, v. Y^&BX; cmp. "WIBK. 

Ylp"13lSS$ Ex. B. s. 24, in a corrupt passage; cmp. 

War*' a. Num. B. s. 23, by combination of which the 

original version may be restored; perhaps; 'px 'JKjCfl Ira 

ijipnn &6 banc "p bn baa nsii six ■pwB'w fib ^pha 

.i2ioa ni&qyini&K drib 

D^DtSlS&t, TflD'O'llDSS, read 'tffia, v. dtaB. 

W3QTEW, y T29M, (^BIBN) f.pl.(putealia,or 
pHteanaj ewctosiwes 'surrounding a well, protected cisterns 
(inNoSfc's ark), Pirke d'B. El. ch. 23, expl. ib. Sibaafi 



'31 d^afi nias nx (not di&^Safil) which cover the wells 
andcanbeopenedandclosed. Targ. Y. Gen.VI, 14 JttjspSB'iBX 
(8tm;S....?). Tosef.Erub.XI(VIII),7 13B1BK ">b3 (ed.Zuck. 
diba'2!*, in oth.ed. omitted) tools for unlocking the puteal. 

DiBfiBieN, v. ™«. 

Itf p'H'DlBStf ed., DttlBlBN Ar., read sa^'TOB m. 
(Ttaxpiapjric,) patriarch, religious chief of the Samari- 
tans. Gen. B. s. 94. 

•D1BN (WK, "O^) f. (ibk, Tfch, cmp. rrin) 

return, exchange, equivalent, settlement (cmp. esp. Targ. 
Prov. XXIV, 29, a. P. Sm. s. v. -j&n). Lev. B. s. 34, end 
»■*! "jfi hTn '!* (Yalk. Lev. 665 pMB'W, pi.) where is the 
equivalent for the money spent? Ib. and of all those 
(praised for their deeds with ashr'e) fit «V» 'K bob vb 
(Yal. 1. c. "paWS!) none received the promise of an equiv- 
alent except this (Ps. XLI, 2). Gen. B. s. 4'2 on the day 
of th.e destruction of Jerusalem ^3&!* bsW lbtss Ar. (ed. 
"OB18) Israel received full payment for all their sins (ref. 
to Lam. IV, 22). Ib. nbllS'N ample, general settlement; 
Lam. E. 1. c. tvrbti 'H settlement in full. [Tanh. Sh'moth 
13, di&BIBK, corr. ace] Num. B. s. 13; Esth. E. introd. 
Buth E. introd. 'pa&IK (corr. ace). [Lam. B. to III, 13 13a 
131BK Mus., hostages; v. KaiBifct]— Pi. ntoBSi, rft^m. 
Y'lamd. Sh'lah, quot. in Ar.; Num. B. s. 17 a citizen 
was paving annonae 'K. 3H131 and writing agreements 
of converting (security for the case of forfeiture) ; v., 
however, rVHBJX. 

*$tym (&py®*) pr. n.pl. Apulia, the country 
in the T S : . E. of Italy. Targ. Ezek. XXVII, 6 some ed., 
oth. ed. a. Ar. fcrtm* (h. text b"»rQ). 

'j'PyibJK, Yalk. Ex. 365, read "I^BKB. 

babies, D^bis^, ffsnit m . P i. o>. h. ^ 

beans. Tosei. Ter.'x, ls'^'blB'is, •f&B'Vk ed. Zuck. (Var. 
t^ViS]*, ta^B^). Ib. H, 4 YbW* (Var. -^Bltt). V. 'pBK. 

.DTOlablDS, v. b^^a^BS. 

«QQ1&!}<, v. Ktnramt. 

&" l 'D 1 bl2l&i<, read Oia^a , 'BS. 

*^baiEa« 

jKi^Baii. 



Y. Ned. II, beg. 40 b , read St^BB" 1 !!?, 



"J'lBX m. bean (cmp. IslBK s. v. CbiBX). Y. Yoma 
IV, 43 c bot. txs IS only the size of a bean; v. IIBKri. Y. 
Ab. Zar. Ill, 43 a bot. M^rt 'X31 had the shape of a bean. 
— PI. diMBH, T'SIBS. Kel. Ill, 2 piVaah 'Jt Ar., Ms. M. 
(ed. n^asri) large beans; v. yfta_S. Sabb. XXI, 3 (143 a ) 
'» VlB 1SS5 (Ms. L. 'B»; ed. Sonc. '"pblB) the silique of the 
bean. Teb. Yom I, 5; a. fr. 

JTTJlBlS f. (=iTi31B q. v., funda) money bag, purse, 
suspended from the neck or from a belt. Y. Sabb. X, 12 c . 
Sabb.X,3 (92 ab ) Ar. (ed. IB) ; a. fr.— Trnsf. womb. Tanh. 
Thazr.3 rVIS'ffl&tti, rTilSIBX; ed. Bub. 5 n^31& (con-, ace) ; 
[Lev. B. s. 14 "pais]. 



rPTOE)«i-v.pKced. 

OlDISSt Hull. 66 b top; Ab. Zar. 39 a , a. corrupt, of 
OsraViBtir/jXaiMH) pelamys, aspeoiesof thunny or scomber; 
Tose£ Hull. Ill (IV), 27 eiaViB (read "-is). 

rnsn:m v. *fm. 

*&"toi'obi9St, biKtabiss* (var.&iaa&iB,'OB)pr. 

n. m. Apostomos (Postomos), one who is mentioned as 
having burned the Law [and put up an idol in the 
Temple]. Taan. IV, 6; T. ib. 68 cd ; Talk. II Kings 250. 
[Prob. an officer of king Antioch Epiphanes of Syria ; 
perh. a popul. corrupt, of owroerxoXo;, cmp. II Mace. 
VI, 1.] 

b^bisst, v. -poB'iBt?. 

TH*©"©^, '"'Sj! (frequ. miscopied 'B^BX, and with 
1 for 1) c. (uitoir66"iov) footstool to the throne or to a high 
chair of distinction. Targ. Y. Ex. XXIV, 10 (corr. ace).— 
Y. Hag. II, 77 c hot. after building the throne, he makes 
iVB '1BX his foot-stool; Gen. B. s. 1; Lev. B. s. 36 (corr. 
ace). Kel. XVI, 1 rmh ^sS3 blB 'X (in Talm. ed. bs>3) 
the people's footstool of the household (a folding stool, 
cmp. &6&XII). Ib. XXIV, 7 '31 'Xfi l»i ytapSB '1 (corr. 
ace.) there are three boards or tablets in use (v. Op5S), 
that which is used as a footsool is susceptible of un- 
cleanness by being trod upon, that with a receptacle for 
wax (writing tablet) gets unclean by &c. [Gen. B. s. 17 ; 
Koh. B. to III, 19, v. ynB^BX.] 

fiTPEnEHK, v. «w. 

pabbsisx, v. -i^^w. 

DlDBIBN, read 

^P&ISH, b^bD"©^ f.(aic6<paan,ait6«pav<ji(;)»er- 
dict, dispensation. [Variously corrupted: "p&BlBiX, 'Bb'IBiX, 
&B1B1X &c] Y'lamd. to Gen. Ill, 1 quot. in Ar. (ref. to 
Prov. XVIII, 7) the fools give out pbw ■p&BIBxn their 
own verdict. Pesik. B. s. 44 'p&IB&iX, Di&blBX (corr. ace). 
Ib. s. 46 (ed. Fr. p. 187 b ) ^IBIXB )tn read 'X *>BS he 
received his verdict (of expulsion from Eden). Y. Sot. 
VH, 21 d hot.; Y. B. Hash. I, 57 a hot. 'B^X; a. fr. [Tanh. 
Sh'moth 13 &1QB1BX l^aSffl, read ■'MBS.]— Midr. Till to 
Ps. XVII; Yalk. Ps. 670 two curiosi (v. TWflh) -psi 
0131Bfia (BIBISixa 1183) (read 6it3B1B«3) run (come) each 
with a verdict; v. 'p'jxa.— Lev.E.s.21, beg. nit)S1BX Ar., 
read with ed. bi&BIBX.* 

^iDlSSt Koh. B. to III, 19, v. TtopBS. 

"^BS^, "'p/© m. pi. (p&i, plB) exit, end (=h.ix:aia). 
Y.Pes.rV,'30 d top inanD 'X3 oh Sabbath night. Pes. 105 b 
xal^ 'X dismissal of the festive day with benediction ; 
a. fr.— Y. PeahVII, 20 b , top ipiBX (corr. ace.) a. iplB — 

ppl&X^, v. pBX.] 

"'pIBS* m. pi. (Af. of pB5) carrying out. Targ. 0. 
Lev.XXVI, 5 XS11 13 's6 until seed-titiie. 



blbpw iD^bpiBs; v. rfvm. 

yObplSSt, read TiapBbX. 
b">DTflB», v. Witt*. 

ptam&IS Lev. B. s. 25, beg. 'X "Ma, Yalk. Lev. 615 
■po-iBX, read 'paniBrt "SBa-, v. Sia^BL 

*sp;iiB8, sr;nisis* t (o™ P toua, do ^. 

Gen.E. T s.72 'X "OTa Sa'liaa nSBa Ar. (ed. SfTttm, read 
'IX) in the season when all kinds of fruit ripen. 

StSffiSSj!' f. (=XBX) 1) nose. Targ. Job XLI, 12 (9).— 
2) front of the face, forehead. Pes. 112 a '31 'XX Xli 
the hand on the forehead is one step to sleep. Ber. 44 a 
v. KXra. — Taan. 25 a rV*>1BXa out of his forehead. Ib. 
■•xniBX ed. (read 'eKS*), v. xVflpe'X I.— Ab. Zar. 26 a W'i*n£XX 
Ar. (ed. XJTiBX, Ms. M. iTVriBX,' corr.) on its (the chil#sj 
forehead. Sabb. 80 b , v. XB/'nSX. 

pTOSt, v. pnan. 

"'pTflBSt f. (Airo&ifjxii]) store-house, store. Targ. Y. I, 
Gen.' XXIV,~2. Ib. v. 10 '31 'X "Sftb the best things of 

his store (Y. H ip;rt&X , Ar. only T^rM; v. Gen: M 

s. 59).— Y. Sabb. IV, beg. 6 d bot., opp. to 3/ ; r»3 ;<$SSJ ftf 
dwelling rooms, cmp. pB&H— PI. h'. fii'X'p'*iiBS. Ex. Hi. 
s. 30 '31 'X -\b iB" 1 hast thou store-houses where to pat 
them?— Oh.XJpWiBX, ^PilBX. Targ. Y.ID'eftt XXXH,34-; 
a. e— Y. Ned*. IX, 41 c bot. 

^pTfi'BSjl f. (oTrod^xv)) l)pledge, mortgage ; an object 
made a security without being placed in the possession 
of the pledgee, opp. to , )i3tt5a.— B: Kam. 96 a rti&Ttt fr^ilU! 
'21 'X he made it a mortgage by saying, 'Yoti cast pay 
yourself only out of this thing'. Ib. ll b 'X 113* it©* if he' 
mortgaged his slave; a. fr.— 2) mortgage-document, deed. 
Tosef. Shebi. VIII, 6 'X 13 UW laiS (ed. Ziick. ip»iHln> 
a note (contract) containing a mortgage obligation. Esf. 
K. s. 31 '31 hs 'X •i 31rl3 give me a mortgage on titf 
eeld.— P?. nixp^niBX. b. Mets; i9 a '3i 'x rnxpw>i (Ms. 
M. 'IpifllBn, v' Babb. D. S. a. 1. note) wills, mortgage 
deeds &c. Tosef. Sabb. VIII (IX), 13 'XI 'pdi'm ^WB ed. 
Zuck. (ed. 'man, read 'Bill). 

TBJK (=b. h. HB) to donee, leap, sport Gen. E. s. 68 
(emphasizing bo, Gen. XXVin, 12 as referring to JScob) 
'31 13 Q^tSX sporting with him. 

"^©X, v. iS^llBS. 

S^tlS 1 ^ f., const. nriBX (MB3), with xnn grief, came 
of grief' ^farg. Y. II Gen. XXVI, 35 ed. T (Ar, }rp*\). 

N JtlSX m. (iriB) fe%, wantonness: Shh. 57* llrl^Trlllx" 
^a xpVAr. (ed. Ih^mix; Var. lect. v. Kabb. ft. S. a. 
1. note 7) the Bible text describes their wantonness, 
-Pes. 50 b , v. KffiSX\ 



W3B», v. XDB^X. 

*nY07l2BSt Koh. B. to I, 8 'X 13 las, prob. to m 
read XWJiDBX f. (denom. of 'pSi&BX) catering, CoOkting 



Xpi'TDISX 



STDYWSS? 



(for the Jew-Christians living in community of goods). 
[The entire passage seems to he corrupt or defective. 
V. Munz Gott. Vortr. p. 275.] 

apntam v. xp^ibbx. 

"^"HllDSS pr. n. m. Aftpriki. B. Mets. 5 a ~n max 
'X; Hull. 64 l >' .". . -WWll (Dostai) the father of E. A. (Y. 
Yoma IV, 41 d top '31 !YlhX iplTdB Patruki, brother of 
R. Darosa). 

tata&N, ^IDSK m. (=BlBirs; v. bb3) puppets of 
clay, a 'set of clay (or metal) pins to put pots on for 
cooking, pot-stand. Tosef. Kel. B. Mets. I, 12 13 ttJittJ 'X 
'31 a pot-stand containing metal. Tosef.Nidd. VII,3 iBBX 

"^Sitf Yalk. Deut. 810, read x;BB">X— Tosef. Nidd. 
VII, 3; v. preced. 

&n?BK, v. '^x. 

rri'OcfeN, v. 'dib«. 

n~lI3S!^ f. ("ihb, Nif. *tat>itopart; v.rnBBrt) 1) fare- 
well^ address, homiletic observations made on parting 
with the host that entertained scholars, toast (in praise of 
hospitality, charity, support of students &c). Gen.R.s.60 
S. Y. 'X rh las used the (preceding) text for a toast; 
a. fr — 2) v. XW1BBX. 

pbl&lTQS!^ Yalk. Gen. 9; XBIBSX, blB^BSX, 
fBIBBX, v. bigilBiBX a. follow. 

, .'SFll'ISDN f. (v. rTTjBK) prop, conclusion, esp. Aftarah, 
or Hafiarah, i. e. the prophetic lesson read in Synagogue 
after the reading from the Pentateuch. Pes. 117 b 'XI 
(the benediction) belonging to the Aft. — *Gitt. 60 a 'X 18b 
(or pi. XSTibSS:) prob. a book containing homiletic notes 

-' for toasts &c., v. SlIBBX. [V.Eapap. Br. Mill. p. 167.]— 
■" v : Cmp. rllBBh.' 

■■.:'■.■, " l S^,"|1apbl ^ Y.Hor.III,47 c bot., v. "(iat&aiBX. 

,:V,. "SN, HS?S (b. h.; yciK; v. t)B8) [to heat, darken, 

, ;., cmp. fan,] io fcafce. Keth. V, 5 MBixi and must bake. 

;.,: Pes. 116 a . Y. Ab. Zar. V,45 a bot. brilSh '5 'X baked three 

... ,. ovenf nils of bread ; a. fr.— Part. pass. isi&X baked, (as a 

r,. ; noun) pastry. Pesik. R. s. 16 '31 ins 'X (some ed. ^IBS; 

Pesik. Eth Korb. p. 58 b , Yalk. Num. 777 i-ntt) corr. ace.) 

I charged thee with the furnishing of one kind of pastry 

(to supply the governor's household).— PJ. B^IBX. Mekh. 

Bs'hall. Vay. 4.— Fem. STilBX. Gen. E.s. 67 (play on epho, 

Gen. XXVII, 37) -Kyis thy bread is baked, thou sbalt 

have to eat without labor. lb. 'X XfrailS (read "jrrailB), 

v, rVOliB a. ^5118. 

Nif. nBX3 *° & e baked. Cant. E. to IV, 11 (play on 
epho, v. supra) rtt lUra 'S "'a who is to be baked in this 
oven (hell)?— Men. XI, 1 ; a. «. 

Hithpa. MBXfitt same. Mekh. 1. c: ttSXtra rffi became 
baked of itself. SifreNum.89 113na b^BXns'fi things baked 
in the oven.; 



n DS<, 5<D!S! (fiStf) ch. same. Targ. Gen. XIX, 3 ; a. 
fr.— Men.94 a rib'XI yro after hebaked it. Sabb.63 b XB^ab 
to bake. — 'jBK, xn^BX baking women, bakers. Targ. ISam. 
VIII, 13.— Ber. 58 b 'X 'phis sixty bakers.— lb. 'pBXl and 
they used to bake. Y. Bets. IV, 62 c bot. MBIa nnx (read 
n&ia) she came in order to bake; a. fr. 

Ithpe. isxnx to be baked. Targ. Lev. VI, 10; a. e. 

a;ss, v. xex. 
ipr®*, v. r;sx. 

fcO*]'"©!^ m. (IIS) stable-floor, or cement formed on 
the stable-floor by moistening and stamping the dung. 
STidd. 28 a he burned the corpse 'SO KIT'S 5"S Ar. (ed. Y'S 
D"<1YlSX) over the dung on the cemented stable-floor. 
[Oth. opin. marble-plate, meaning a hard cemented sub- 
stance, cmp. \bi ^3.] 

*rril2i' 1 3?tf m. pi. (BIB) prop, able to talk (sensibly), 
hence children of about six or seven years. Y. Gitt. V,47 b 
bot. X^IB 'X ifyototh (Mish. ib. 8 referred to reads. H1BWB 
q.. v.) means little ones (v. NIB). Y. Maas. Sh. IV, 55 a 

'31 'X fh in& expounds the subject by analogy 

with the law concerning minors, forwe read in the Mish- 
nah &c, v. supra. 

rfiD' 1 '~| l O' , 5l$, read nibBilif&X. 

X5lTI2" l S^ 1) m. (ch. form=next w.) 1) guardian.ad- 
ministrato'r ; procurator (of a Roman district). B. Mets. 
39 a '31 "Wp^Y? 'X we appoint no guardian for the bearded 
(adults). Y.ib.III,beg. 9 a 'X fin niffis£> to appoint another 
person as an administrator of the hired or loaned object. 
Lam. R. to V, 12 SttllpV W?S 'X a governor (proconsul) 
entered a town.— PI. X*B11BiBX. Pesik. Asser p. 95 b yi^X 
'31 'X those Eoman proconsuls that go out visiting the 
country places (cmp. Ex. K. s. 31, end).— 2) fem. admi- 
nistratrix; v. x^biiepbx. 

oiBWBN ( /n sa, 'm ; qsn) i) m . (M. 

Tpojro«)sam'e. Targ. Y.Gen. XXXIX, 4; a. e.— B. Mets.39 a 
'X 'pTTDSH the court appoints an administrator. Y. Ter. 
1, 40 b bot. tfsisb 'X a permanent administrator (guardian), 
nSlBb 'X a temporary administrator (substitute). Ex. R. 
s. 46 'X i>2X nVttfia reared in the house of a guardian; 
a. fr.— Sabb. 121 a "^» bw 'X royal administrator (of the 
fiscus).— Trnsf. Keth. 13 b , a. e. WP13>b 'X fX there is no 
guardian (no means of guarding) against inchastity ; Y. 
ib. I, 25 d top wis bs 'x.— PI. b^bBi-i^sx, f bBiiifsx, 
-pBilBiBX T'B'IBBX. Targ. Y. Gen. XLI, 34.' Pes. VIII, i. 
Esth. R. to I, 2; a. fr.— Tosef . Ter. V, 7 'X nal^n T'rumah 
set apart by administrators in behalf of minors. Y. ib. 
1. c— Gen. E. s. 6; Yalk. Gen. 9 I^IBIIB^BX (con-, ace); 
a.fr. [Yalk. Ps. 771 blllp^BX twice, read our w.]— 2) fem. 

&TS™^, N&tWBSJ! ( y 1S^) f. administra- 
trix, guardian. Keth. IX, 6 (86 b ) (Mish. ed. XB . . ., Talm. 
ed. Xi& . . .). B. Bath. 144 a XB Y. Keth. IX, 33 a top 

XB11B1BX, XB1B&X a. bIBIBBX. Tos.ef. ib. IX, 3. 



nii^Bifes 



rtoSmt^S!^ f. (denom. of dlSIIBiSX) guardian 
ship, administration. Tosef. B. Bath II, 5 (hldlldiBX e< 
Zuck., corr. aoc); Tosef. Keth. IX, 3 iniDBIIBiBXa KS' 
when he has ceased to be a 



(T^DItfl f. CBX) baking. Y. Sabb. VII, 10>> bot. 'X 
biara^ niSin baking is a labor forbidden on the Sabbath 
as a species of cooking; v. axil. Men. 94 a ; a. fr. — PI. 
ffi»BX. Y. Pes. Ill, 30 b top '8 inffl 113 twice the time 
required for baking. [Y. Ned. VII, 40 b bot. 'it.il ",a mill, 
read niiBH as Tosef. Ned. IV, 3.] 

OTflD'^Sfcf m.(luiciaTpo4) veterinary surgeon. Num. 
E. s. 9. 

■J^DN, "J^PS (")»£?, ^£2?) =». C*K) 6afe- 
/W (cmp. rVBnSlb), a small fish believed to grow scales 
when reaching a certain age. Hull. 66 a bot. Ar. "jUBX 
(ed. 1»iSS>) ; Ab. Zar. 39 a 'p&S ed. (Ms. M. yKBS, read 
■|HSS, 1»iBS) ; Tosef. Hull. Ill (IV), 27 KiBSX ed. Zuck. 
(Var. Xi£0). 

. 5pB«, V. t]SX, 

b'BSS m. (b. h.; bm) slow to ripen, late in the season. 
M. Kat. 6 a 'Xlate produces, opp. I"©?. Gen.B.s.61, beg. 
'S3 511 sow at the advanced season. Fem. filjiBX advanced 
autumn, rainy season. Y. Taan. I, 64 a bot. — Pi. tiftiBX. 
Y. E. Hash. Ill, beg. 47 b sheeps which conceive late in 
the season.— b^m yp, v. 1=2!* II. 

NVtflK, tfbB/N ch.same. M. Kat. 6" -wm Xpl !*?=&!X 
'31 tib Ms. M. (ed. Xp 'X, diff. vers, in Eashi) it is a slowly 
growing garden and by watering he makes it fast grow- 
ing.— Pi m. i)?iB», i|>B». Targ. Koh. XI, 2 late seeds. 
Taan. 3 b ibiSX late clouds (after the rain), v. XBIfi. Nidd. 
65 b i^SXl ifiin earlier and later crops (in two succeeding 
years, so that the interval of time varies). PI. f. xrfjiBX, 
xrftsx. Targ. O. Ex. IX, 32. E. Hash. 8 a late conceiving, 
sluggish sheep, opp. XPiiBlti. 

TTT2X,, v.v««. " " 

n^SIS adj., v. b?X. 

JlTBSS f. (b. h. SiVsx) darkness. Gen. E. s. 89 beg. 
(mental darkness; trials &c); v. ^Bix. 

1 ^DS (abbrev. 'iSX) (=ifcix t|X) even if, although, even. 
Targ. Ps.XIV, 3 (h. text dS); a. e.— E. Hash. 25 a (read- 
ing df\X Lev. XXHI, 2; 4; 37 as, if dttX) 'which ye will 
proclaim', '31 'iBX dhX ye even if erring in the appoint- 
ment of the festive calendar &c, i. e. the appointment 
of the Supreme Court is definite and binding. Ber. 9 a , 
a. fr. '■fOrb 'X even if following the opinion of &c; a.v.fr. 
[Cant. E. end lailfittb 'X, v. next w.] 

J^BS, ']i" l V l BNl m. (dusiXuiv, iweiMaw, part, 
pres.of aiTEiXsa), prob. borrowed fr. Aquila to Ps.CIV,32) 
threatening. Y. Ber. IX, 13 c bot. lailfiffc laVwb 'X Xin 
He looks upon his world threatening to destroy it. Cant. 
E. end, that time '31 iailffi-6 lbiBX iY'Sph affllfi (read 



■jib^s 



'nr& yd?t$b ybi&tH) the Lord plans threatening &c. Y'lamd. 
beg. (quot. in Ar. with ref. to Ps. 1. c.) blB pi^iBSt Vsh&a 
dViS (read laViS Vs) He looks threatening upon His world ; 
cmp. Midr. Till, to Ps. XVIII, 8; Yalk. II Sam. 158. 

]ib"©N, ^bnSN II m. (iruXtbv, TtuXswv) gate-way. 
Ber.i6 b iv^isxb &333 Ar. (ed. yb*ta&, Ms. P. yrnan mb, 
read ISffii rrab, Treat. S'mah. I, 10 lihb). 

^I^Sfctlll m. (pilleum, iriXtov) /eff-eap, Aaf &c. 
Kel. XXIX, 1 tBXI *>tt) 'X some ed. (others fi^B).— [Sabb. 
1 20 a 'jlibiBX, yfbiB Ms., ed. tTpViBSt, read fi^BX, fibs q. v.] 

rn-b^m v . pr eced. 

rfPD"©N, Pirke d'E. El. ch. X, read niiJiiOSIS ; v. 

niiaisax. 

D"u"5H"SW m. (l7ri[xsX^Tr]i;) manager, commis- 
sioner . Tosef. B. Bath. X, 5 'alBX ed. Zuck. (ed. OTSiaVlBX, 
corr. ace). B. Bath. 144 b DIBblaVlB ed. (Ms. dlBi^aiB, 
oth. var. v.Eabb. D. S. a. 1. note 2 ; corr. ace). Men. 85 b 
dlBdlaVlB ed. (Ar. OIBiabB); corr. ace. 

O'Bcs, sS lD pr.n.m. ( Sarapis, 2dpairi?) Serapis, 
the Nile-god. Ab. Zar. 43 a the figure of 'X 161 npiaia 
ed. (Ms. &1&1&; v. Eabb. D. S. a. 1.) a nursing woman 
(Isis) and of Serapis. [Cmp. Sachs Beitr. II, 99 and illustr. 
in Sm. Ant. s. v. Coma.] [Tosef. Par. V (IV), 2 Di&xn ed., 
read with ed. Zuck. diXBH, v. iXBh.] 

* 5 IDD'Sltf m. pi. (iiuuToXai) message, injunction, 
last will. Ge'n.E. s. 74 end, ed.; v. iV>B&XII. Y'lamd. to 
Deut. II, 2 (quot. in Ar. ed. pr. ; oth. ed. i^IBCHS). 

*ri^b" , 12& ll 5(S f. pi. (iiriixTuXiov) architraves, lower 
members of an entablature. Y. Succ. I, 52 a bot. Mus. ; 
cmp. rrii^abis. 

HWElS, v. xi ? &bx. 

nwpriow rrnpTi&w v. ipnb&«. . 

^TIB^S, p1D1D», corruptions of ^tfiwj, 
■pOSiBX or of next w. ' 

■jTB^B!^ m. (itpfir-nriov, ephippium) saddle cloth, a 
figurative expression for the protuberances of the human 
buttock; v. -,1X1. Koh. E. to III, 19 (ref. to 'the advan- 
tage of man over beast' Koh. 1. c.) '31 li*>9 11B3 'jil&l&XI 
(corr. ace.) and an ephip'pium is pressed over it (the lock 
of the buttock) in order that he may not look as hideous 
as a beast; Gen. E. s. 17 'pIBiBX (and otherwise, to be 
corrected after Koh. E. 1. c); Yalk. Koh. 969 illBiBX 
libsi bs rt&llS (corr. ace). 

*^li* l B" 1 B^ m.(»11iBiB bs, v. XliiBiQ a. next w.) litter- 
carrier, chief lecticarius. Ab. Zar. ll a (v. XlliBifl for 
correct versions). 

ntwas, .nir^Bi*, 'hii^B t. P i. o^ 

nil— f. sing.)'C|/"lB, cmp. b. h. IBIB^Spa' to split; cmp. 
tilBlB, a. niilBilB, nixiBlB) split pieces of wood, laths, 
slabs used for espaliers, also as frames for decorative 



■po-fripTsa 



hangings. <Y. Sot. IX, end, 24 c ; Tosef. ib. XV, 9 fTOW bax 
•ai'flnfiWK Xlft :but one may make lath frames and hang 
thereon whatever decorations he may desire. [Bab. ib. 
49 b .-W^BB; -Rashi •tV'iBi'iB sing.] Kil. VI, 3 napa -is 
'X on a portion of the espaliers. Ib. VII, 3 'X inia the 
balance of the espaliers (on -which no vine is trained). 
•Kel. XVII, 3 '31 **K (Ar. "iB; Mish. 'IBS) frames for hang- 
ings to which reeds were fastened from the bottom up- 
ward (crosswise) for support. Tosef Kel. B. Mets. VI, 6 
(a. freq. in comment.) rvhWB'iB. Ib. '31 fiaiXUJ rYnx^B 
,a frame (baldachin) which cannot be taken up by its 
handles and carried through the door (outside). — Ch. 
xniBiB, ST^B. V. also X^B a. 'iT^EX. [1 softened jnto 

■'/cmp. rt-ixisn.] 

*01T&B^D« or &T1&B1EW Y. Ter. VIII, 46 b «A 
'31 'X "paa, prob. to be read '31 XT*abBb "jlBa xi they- (the 
would-be captors pf E. Isi) had not arrived at Palmyra 
before all of them (the royal court &c.) were gone (car- 
ried into captivity). V. wait. 

■pbmm r.-r^m- 

p*®8 (b. h.; pSX, ypti, v. pIS, ppB, pSi, p3S; a) to 
break through, go forth; b) to be a free man, ruler) 1 ) spring, 
rivulet (ch. XT>2E).— PI. V^-m. Ab. Zar. 54 b bot.— 
2) ruler. PI. as above. Cant. E. to V, 12 (allud. to qfike 
mayim, Cant, ib.) 51' is 'X tarra they (the scholars) are 
appointed officers over the waters of the Law. 

\$3l;Ip^$=Xa'i"ii3' 1 B. Y. Shebu. VII, 37 d 'SI mia 
(Y. B.,Kam. .VI, W, 5 cT 'S1). 

.P'lb'jplD.JS (?) . pr. n. m , Aphikolos. .Tosef . Hull. VIII, 3 ; 

cmp. rfsipax. V. 'p.ip" , BX. 

■jlnipBN, "palp®*, ¥ . nex t w. 

|J3 lp 'SN m.(l7rlx(0(j.ov=comessatum ire; cmp.Sm. 
A.nt.SiY.Gomissatio; Plut,H r 726,Fragm.ed.'Wytt.) 'to the 
aftermeal entertainment /'=our,' Remove the cloth' . Pes. X, 8 
-^t'htJBM IfiX -p-TOBa y>8 after the Paschal meal one must 
not wind up by saying, 'Now to the after-meal entertain- 
jneBt';, (einp.. Sf^BBX). Y. ib. 37 d top '31 xm.&6B} "jiaip^EW 
j jn jprder.that. pBe^hpuldnot break loose from his comp- 
any a and ( 4Qia another.— T^ipiBK m.pl. (£mxtou.oi) things 
.belonging, to the,afterrmeql,,(les.sert. ,IJ>.,Jbpt. '8 *<xa what 
jare epicomqi? „Mrmts,,s!tveet7m$QtsJto., v. latll. Tosef. 
,.jb.,Jl <3l,yia^BK,...,^^S,n,']"<X ed.,Zuck. (reiadftalp..) 
,we. must.upt .offer epik<mof,,.»s juits, dates&c. , [Pes. 119 b 
jS-UtVP 31 last ><X JXa^eems to be ^corrupt, text; prob. 
to be read: Vxiatt) lax 'X ixa '?\ X^aai *iax .,Xa9B ."iXa 
'31 fOs; cmp. Y. 1. c. top '31 X^IB 'X . . .; bot. 'X i»a 

■'sv»iffljt^iaa: .. . . t ] 

fcCpp"©!^ m. (IpB, v. next w.) an irreverentperson, 
scorner. PI. "'"OPSIN- iJS,ed..,23 a £1 & Tnsffll , for it occurs 
•'frequently' that disrespectful persons attack the scholars. 

"Dl'l'ip^ m. (Dips, .BDlarg. of *ipS, cmp. &3*&&e; 
cmp. • f DIpBJt) one irreverent of authority or religion, 



sceptic, heretic. [The peculiar form and also the mean- 
ing assigned to our w. found a ready support in its phon- 
etic coincidence with Epicurus, the philosopher; cmp. 
N.T.Acta XVII, 18. The derivatives of our w. and those 
of the plain root IpB interchange frequently.] Snh. X 
(XI), 1, the following have no share in the world to 
come ...'81 and theEp.; Y.ib.XI,27 d bot. )tllA laxi ]tVD 
'31 -X"lS& as the one who (speaking , of the Law) says 
(sneeringly) 'That book', or 'Those Babbis'. Bab. ib. 99 b 
(similar definition). Ab. H, 14 'stf> vm® na S*n that 
you may know what to reply to the sceptic; cmp. Snh. 
38 b ; a. fr.— P/.'^tnipiBX, a 11 *?...., "MpiBX. B.Hash.l7 a 
Yalk. Num. 764. Hag. 5 b 'Xa "jto iinTl ">8ahow shaU we 
henceforth cope with the heretics?, i. e. opponents of 
tradition (Jew-Christians; cmp. ^a a. Snh. 38 b ).— Cmp. 
XrfilpBX.— Denom. nittilipiBX, v. tWlipiBX. 

*"j"'lip' , SS, , ']"Tip"®K , only in '83 as ady. (v. preced. 
ws.) without restraint. Hull. I04 b 'xa ffcaxs rwasi Sps 
(Ar. 'pi . . ., ed. "p . . ., some ed. 'p">B>t, without prefix 3) 
poultry and cheese may be eaten without restraint, expl. 
ibid. '31 'Viaa &6a without intermission by -washing 
hands &c. *[A marginal note referring to the opinion of 
DlVipiBSt, Tosef. Hull. VIII, 3, has been mistaken for a 
var. lect. of our w., as &i>pS!S,. EnbplBK, ftlilp'-BK, DlbipSK, 
and another glossator, prob. thinking of facialis, tpaxio- 
Xrjs, added n^aa '"'B — all of which was interpolated in 
Alfasi a. 1., a. in Ar. s. v. •pTip'«X.] 

ril&nip" 1 ^^ f. (denoin. of OTflp^BX) licentiousness, 

scepticism. Kidd". 66 b 'X ia npltt (some. ed. n?£i-i ) 

scepticism (Sadduceism) came over him. 

^p^SS, .^rBtaj^BS (corr.'1BX)f.(^0X0T- 
raptiUtv) orig. playing at c'oitabus, or squirting ivine into 
a bowl; trnsf. (S.) the gourmand's practice of taking an 
emetic before meal; to vomit. Sabb. 12 a ; 123 ab . Ib.XXII,6. 
Tosef. ib. XVI (XVII), 22, Var. ed. Zuck. /pmapBX. 
Succ. 40 b ; B. Kam. 102 a ; Sifra B'har ch. I, end tnr*Bp ! 'BK 
(corr. ace). [A noun aitoxoxtdpiuii to which our w. 
would correspond, is not in the vocabulary,] 

wab^BS, Jt2^p^, ^i?b^B,m.pi.(ii A - 

iroxiXta, itoixiXxot, -ca) embroidered garments (quoted 
as Aquila's translation of napl Ez. XVI, 10; LXX 
TtoixiXa). Pesik. B'shall. p. 84 b . Cant.iB. to IV, 11; ,12 
Xnpi^BiX, XBp^BX (corr. ace). Lam. E. beg. - / p31»asin 
Xapbt) fllapbax (read obipS, and corr. ace. by striking 
out one of the two words as var. lect. that came into 
the text; cmp. Pesik. 1. c. note). 

,DiTp;&a, DHj^BS.'O'h'^ pr..n. P i.:^i- 

cmrus, a, town East of the Jordan (Ptol. V, 16, 9), in 
Targ.. corresp. to h. rtasa. Targ. Deut.,111, 14, 0. "'pBX; 
Y. II 'p^BX niilp (Y. I corrupt 0YT'p'iB3KV'«nip). Targ. 
Josh. XII, 5; XIII, 11; 13. 

.^bp^Bftjl, v. ytytrti*- 

Wm^BH, v. xr^p&x. ■ 

p^p^,']^np!S&<, v. r^psx. 



■J^T'EIX, Y. 1B11SK. 

)V-pBX, v. itnw. 

"IIQO - )"©^ T. Sliek. V, 49= bot., read fia&'IBl*. 

. Tpp&m nmpom v. tk»k- 

HD^ (b. h. i-jBrr q- v.) to iwrw, change, reverse, over- 
throw. T Kil. H, 3 say not I will plant ^Bilx 3"n!K1 and 
then turn the soil over (destroy the previous seed) Nbx 
TjSIX Ar. (ed. TjSin) hut one must first uproot &c. (cmp. 
b31K fr. bSK). Ter.IX, 1 ; Tosef.Kil.I, 16 TjBTi he shall &c. 
lb. end "ja^b ed. Zuek. (Var. ^Bib) to uproot. 

i&£) Af. TpBK, Pa. TjBK'ch. 1) to turn (act. a. neut.) 
also to turn around, to flee; to make turn around, to heat. 
Targ. Ps. LXXVIII, 9. Targ. I Ohron. VIII, 13; a. fr.— 
Y. Kil. IX, 32 c top "pBX "pSX turn around, turn around. 
Men. 25 b , a. fr. -JlB^St reverse it, or, I reverse it. lb. ^al 
(lb H3BX msa how can you reverse it? Gitt. 69 b rTOBSI 
let him reverse it; a. fr.— (With rWiaiB) fo reverse the 
oath, shift the oath over to the opponent. Shebu. 41 a in a 
case where the Biblical law prescribes an oath "l^aSa. Kb 
we allow it not to be shifted over to the claimant; a. fr. 
— Sabb. 31 a mb *pBK he reversed it, i. e. recited the 
alphabet to him in inverted order. Teb. 63 a fib 'N he 
said to her just the reverse. Gitt. 67 b iSBK Tjsna they will 
do the reverse; a. fr. — 2) to overturn, destroy. Taan. 25 a 
SHyv-ia Kabsb rTOBstt (Ms.M.aTnXI) that I should destroy 
the world.— 3) (cmp. nspiX) to have to do with, care for, 
mind. Y. Bets. I, 60" hot!; T. Shehi. IX, 38 c top; T.Brub. 
Ill, 21 b bot. (read:) '31 ^as rrVtiB )}> TjBBt Sia what does 
the law about wicks concern us when speaking of the 
egg, i. e. what relation is there between the two? Y. Ter. 
Till, 46» top '31 rrisa 'jb "ps !ia what relation is there 
between religious laws and sanitary precautions concern- 
ing snake-bitten fruit? lb. '31 113BK na (corr. ace.).— 4) to 
move about, travel, traffic. Ab. Zar. 31 b i3SX 5>"3 all 
the people are about, on the road. — 5) to pap in return, 
to retaliate, v. T]Bn a. iMBX. 

I^e.Tp&m^am, ^S to change off. Bets.lO b ^313r«!* 
1&nS (old ed. correctly ^BPlK, mod. ed. ^ISrtttS "OTBrtnX, 
Ms. M. "OIBiTl) they changed places. Deriv. "^ISX, X3B h N. 

^DBN, "pm, v. preced. 

nWN, v. ttmi. 

b&S, only in Hif. b^BKri (denom. of bat* q. v.) fo 
make dark, obscure. Sabb.86 a bot. Wnbaa b^SSa he makes 
dark by spreading his cloak (cover) over himself. Y. B. 
Bath. Ill, 13 c top Wl lal5> the tree stands there and 
takes the light away.— 2) to be late in ripening, giving 
birth, &c; to have Me crops. Y. Shebi.Y, beg. 35 d OT4J 
nibiBXa years slow in ripening, when the crop is delayed. 
Gen. B. s. 99 HbB8» SPrTtt) which has late crops. 



b&?tf ch. same. Pa. b^EX as foreg. Hif. 1). B. Bath.7 a 
ibs nbBSa Xp thou makest my building dark, obstructest 
my light. 

b£)S<I m. (]/t)!*, v. tpX; cmp. bas, ban) [thick 
vapory,] 1) (far/fc. Sabb.86 a , a. fr. 'X rva a dark (window- 
less) house. — fib^as f. dark place. Y. Naz. IX, 57 d 'top; 
Pes. 81 b 'SO, d^aa in water or in a dark place (cave). — 
PI. fem. HiVi&S. Lev. B. s. 9 IS rmiaa dark alleys; a. 
fr.— 2) heavy, sluggish, slow, late. Denom. biBKh, v. b&S*. 

bS^II (blE*J), 'K ]"lp pr. n. pi. JTerew 4/W 
(Dark-Horn), name of a height. Taan. 22 b '31 afflilB "IS 
Ms. M. (ed. Tiasiffl) until one sits on Ker. Afel and can 

bathe his feet in water. lb. '!* fip ib K-mwi ed. (Ms. 

KfOin uMifi) I have seen (that place) K. A. 



t. XbiBK. 



pbDi 



Tia&bsi 



ibDS, v. l^BS. 

"liDbB^ Syr.=-iii:-jQaN q. v. 

"}i">bS&<, tiT^B, "ji-'bD m. (pallium, iraUJov) _pafl- 
m«, a sheet worn as a cloak and used for bed-cover. 
Sabb. 120 a Ar. a. Bashi (ed. rYpbiBK, Ms. M. frb*<B, corr. 
ace). Y. ib. XVI, 15 d top •pV'B (corr. ace). Nidd.VIII, 1 
ttpb&a pi Mish. (Bab. ed. bliblB, corr. ace, Var. "|V>bS). 
Treat. S'mahoth XII iJlbSXa, read ijiibsM.' 

KBp^DS, Hnp'bStf, v. vafrvw*. 

OBbi, v. Tia&"isx. 

Stf'QSItf pr. n. pi. l)(=b^a&q.v.) Paneas in Northern 
Galilee" (Csesarea). Y. Kil. IX, 32 c hot. 'SH Xai the lake 
of P.— Y. Hall. IV, end, 60 b (?).— 2) Apamma in Babylon; 
v. SffjaSp!* 2). 

"''DDDX f. (oLTravtiQ=otTCaVTif)(jti)'^ encountering. — 'sb 
(=el4 aicowtirjv, h. n!s"ipb) fo weef, fo reeewe. Tanh. 
Emor 22 "]ba bffl 'sb to salute the king. Pesik. B. Ten 
Command. 1 '31 "]ba btt) 'Sb (some ed. iKBSSb, corr. ace) 
to salute his father the king. Cant. B. to I, 12 TOBsb 
(corr. ace): Y. Ab. Zar. II,41 b bot. ">BSB>; Midr. Sam. ch. 
VII imm iS'iBKb (corr. ace, or Var.^asb). [Yalk. Bsth. 
1058 iBaaxb some.ed., read: ^SSX.] 

*P'D n, D3S^ (auttVTY)<70M) go to meet (to join battle). 
Pesik. B. g.31 translating kadd'mapanav (Ps. XVII, 13). 
[Cofrect: naTp "i nalp Jinx xbs fib sniirib sit ttb yvt 
nb 'S VSB; v. Midr. Till, to Ps. 1. e] 

1 n D n "ip3Si<, "l^npDS m. pi. (transposition of 
'pOi'iBp, with 5 inserted) caper-fruit. . Y. Sabb. Ill, 5 d 
top 'X Ar. (ed. '&). Ib. I, 3° bot. WIpSB (read f . . .); 
Y. Ab. Zar. H, 41 d 'B. [In parallel places 'pS'^Bg q. v.] 

J^TlDD^, ^inD5 f. (HSB, v. MB; cmp. Xrtax fr. p|6t) 
upper, (front), a kind of legging connected with a shoe 



t|B« 



or sole over which straps are drawn for fastening; oor- 
resp. to h. issa. Taan. 12 b 'X iaH3a (Ms. M. "WM"& pi.) 
having put on appantas (on a public fast-day). Yeb. I02 a 
'31. tola '8 frb flirt (ed. 'B; v. Ar. ed. Koh. s. v.) the 
panta is one 'from on' (referring to Deut. XXV, 9 'and 
she shall strip his shoe from on his foot'), and the thong 
a 'from on' of a 'from on', i. e. panta and thong are two 
coverings. Ber.43 b 'X3 X^X llaX &6l (ed. 'B3) this applies 
only to the panta (upper). 

^rOSStf, v. laaax. 

OlD&t in. (b. h., v. next w.) [extremity,] ankle.— Dual 
DiiDBX.' Yoma 77 b . Cmp. Di&BIX. 

&S5< (&£>&$) (b. h., /&&, v. &&S to cut off) 1) to 
be gone. — [As a noun: there is an end of . . .] B. Bath. 
lll a filial (1131) &B8 (v. Babb. D. S. a. 1.) (the words 
of) Zachariah (to whom you refer as an authority) are 
(is) gone, i. e. they are no authority.— 2) homiletically 
used as though a Greek word (S.fs.i) let go, leave alone. 
Pesik. Vattomer p. 130 a (ref. to heafes, Ps, LXXVII, 9) 
. &iBX X"la3 Xlrt ■'Jli flttfe it is a Greek word,, as if you 
were to say, afes (let alone) ; Lam. B. to I, 2 lax X"la=1 
OSX (strike out laxl, a. read &i&X) ; Ex. B. s. 45 ywh 
rtiirt DS8 illi in Greek aphes means, (he) let go; Talk. 
Ps. 816.— [Gen. B. s. 40 (ref. to efes Jud.IV, 9); omitted 
in Yalk. Gen. 67,— an interpolation from passages quoted 
above.] 



DSNp 



i. Afes, an Amora. £ 



&D&J dialect, for ym q. v. 

■p1bB8, read: 

"j^1&S5<,']" 1 3i&SiN m.(6^iov)provision,market- 
ing. Tanh! Tsav i '31 "pilOSX innbffl 133 (some ed. p . . . .) 
I have already sent the marketing to thy house (brib- 
ing the market commissioner); Yalk. Lev. 479 '|13&B18; 
Ific. 555 ■'pi&BlX (cdrr. ace). 

*n* i nriDDN, Treat. Der. Er. Till, beg. 'pblrt IV) 
'31 'X nx (v. Var, lect. ibid.) a corrupt and defective 
passage, to be restored from Lam. B. to IV, 2 a. Tosef. 
Ber. IV, 8, our w. being a remnant of HflBDa. V. Koh. 
Ar. Compl. s. v. I, 224. 

fcT'D&Dltf Erub. 100 b , supposed to be pr. n. pi. 
(Var.inBabb.D.S.a.l.note60 XiBlUX, KOiSttJiX, Xi&i&lt)X). 
V. Neub. Geogr. p. .348. 

*nrpDp&N f, (redupl. of b&, v. b&B) rake or pitch- 
fork. Y. Sabb. VII, 10 a bot. if one works on flax stalks 
(on a Sabbath) '31 3Hf1 'X3 with a rake (spreading them 
apart), he is guilty of an act resembling winnowing. 

PpE&SS! f. pi. (iricrxazia, to.) the fruits of the 
pistac'hib-ir'ee. Y. Dem. II, beg. 22 b ; Y. Maasr. I, 48 d 
bot. 'SIX; cmp. 'plxVx. 

m^DSSl f. pi., prob. denomin. of bBX (DiaTbBX 



I Sam. XVII, 1) of Ephes. Y. Dem. It, 22° bot. 'X ^lan 
Ephes dates. 

|"^ODN m.(obsianus, dtyiavoc) obsidian, a stone used 
as glass.' Tanh. Naso 23. Yalk. Ps. 842 'pialSX (read 
',iit?&is). [Midr. Till, to Ps. XCI; Num. B. s. 12 V&iTjp.] 
Cmp. iJi^iss. V. miaisax. 

^TO^plDSS! m. (atfiiv&io^) absynth, worm-wood. Ab. 
Zar.30 a 'X la the bitter wine is that of absynth (absinth- 
ites); v. 11D31&S. ( 

Nn^&ElN, aOp&BN, v. XaipbBX. 

trpsm, v. aiosx. '. 

SOlDpSltf f. (ityumov, cmp. "(111&&X) provision, esp. 
supply^and pay for an army. Snh. 18 b 'X dlttJa "|ba the 
king (is excluded from the court deciding on the inter- 
calation of a thirteenth month) on account of the soldiers' 
pay (it being to his interest to create an embolistic year), 
lb. II, 4 : (2 l b ) (Mish. a. Gem. ed. 'SOX throughout the 
whole page, Ms. M. 'bBX) 'X )Ti^? 113 as much as is required 
for the stipends he has to pay. Y. Snh. II, 20° top XHJbBX. 
— Pi. niiJO&N (doubtful, prob. W303X). Cant. K, to I, 2 
'X -[brta rtifitt) (read pbfia, ed. riTOibBX, rtliJbiBX). Sifre 
Deut. 328; Yalk. ib. 946 hixiWBX. 

•sn^p&bx, a^psa, a a^bsa m . (a 00 r- 

ruption of axi'<pivo<;) (rope) twisted of palm-leaves, (v. 
Low Pfl. p. 118). Erub. 58 a ed. a. Ms. (Ar. Xaip&X). 

"I&SIS, 1p£|1|^ m- (p erg , afsarj FL tQ Le yy Targ- 

Dict.I,'418 b ; <{idMiov) bit. Sabb. V, 1; a. e. 

6HdD« 0*TpBN) ch. same. Targ. Y. Num. 
XIX, 2.— Trnsf. the means of taking possession, as pos- 
session is taken of the horse by seizing it by the bit. 
Kidd. 27 a '31 831X1 'XI IB© the deed is valueless in itself 
as it is merely the bit of landed property. B. Bath. 53 b 
XS181 'X isa. the balk is &c. (taking possession of which 
is equal to taking possession of the fields to which it 



. *p l nD5ltf, ;^pnOS^ f. (supposed to be an adapt, 
of oipo&Tjxr]) wallet. Gen. E. s. 70 when Laban could not 

see flinipn&SX i&X (ini , Yalk. Gen. 124 'piflbBX ' 

without iBX, Ar. omits 'iBX, Lonz. XinplOCHBX, Bashi 
'B&SX without 'iBX) even his (Jacob's) wallet. [Prob. to 
be read rtim ipitliSX i»H . . . or rtinipifflBX, cmp. Targ. 
Y. Gen. XXIV, 10.] 

5tfyD&$ m. (contr. XBX; corresp. to h. SWS; S»BK to 
color, cmp. rtBX) [the checkered,] hyena or leopard. PL 
X»S«JX. Targ. I Sam. XIII, 18 (h. text ttvbs). 

TWplA m. (b. h.; prob. fr. SBX, v. XiB^X; cmp., how- 
ever foreg. w.) [the foaming,] viper, adder. Bekh. 8 a . 
Gen. B. s. 20. 

^SSi'J (b. h.; ^C|X; cmp. 33X, qSM, £)B3 &c.) to swell, 
to bend; to press, to surrownd, to heat, to darken, (v. 



"ifil*, CJ3K, SBK, pBK &c). Midr. Till, to Ps. XVIII, 5, v. 
next w.— Denomin. 

")"©£>$ m. (or ■pBBK m. pi.) thick web. Midr. Till, 
to Ps. XVTII, 5 (explain.' afafuni ib.) when a woman 
weaves with two double 1 breads 'X ynfipS in they are 
called afafon (afkfin); so did David say '31 lilSBX troubles 
wove around me and came over me doubled. 

fSK, DBItf (y~t\H,-v,ZpH;cmp.ytift)topress,squeeze, 
contract.— -Part. pass. yiBN. Ohol. IX, 3 a gap which was 
filled with straw SlfflS!* IS* or was made narrower by 
squeezing the parts together (e. g. pressing the lid down). 
Tosef. ib. X, 6 hblSX a narrowing of the gap by press- 
ing. Y. Sabb.III,6 c risiBfcOwhen the wick is compressed 
in the candlestick. Ib. V, beg. 7 b tHXlB&a when the 
vessels are closely packed. Y. Pes. I, 27 c top niSIBX. 

ySN, f SI4 ch. same, esp. to use K3BX q.v., to dress 
or prepare with gall-nut juice. — Part. pass. 'pBS, Y^S. 
Meg. 19" top 'X &6l Ms. M. (ed. '5) a skin not moistened 
with gall-nut. Gitt. 19 a faiBXI Xrt Rashi (ed. piBK) in the 
one case it means when the parchment has been dressed &c. 
Ib. ll a ; 19 b .— Ib. 22 a ; Sabb. 79 a '5. 

^£>S<j &CZB? m. (preced.) [contracting,] gall-nut. 
Gitt. 19 a ; Sabb. 104 b 'X (ia) gall-nut juice.— PZ. TIB*, 
TSBS. Shebu. 41 b sq. Ms. PI. % ed. "S.—V. fES. 

pB£< (Af. of pS5 q. v.) to 6r% out, take away.— 
i£*l3l&'to the exclusion of. Ned. 41 a ; a.fr.=iBlSaS, XTiins, 



one's teacher)? Erub. 63 a i 
[Snh. 1. c. second time 'X il 



b (with ^rtina for ■nnia). 

5"il3, coir, as above.] 



b^lpBN, v. ^ip^t 

NHipSN f. (pBK, v. "pTffi*) tta£ mjWcA branches off 
the trunk, 1) week Targ. Y. Lev. VII, 30(20). Targ. I Sam. 
IV, 18 Ar. (Var. 'p^iBK, 'p-fi, itnipS).— 2) KSpifi 'S that 
portion of the palm-tree where the ramification starts 
(Oth. opin. the ramification, upper portion). Succ. 13 a . 
Nidd.' 24 a '31 DtnpSX. 

Mff'pBK, v. XaTp&SX. 

■pTnabpEN, v. «bVi?«. 

■jTDpD^, 'p' 1 DpSK, read papa&X 

^TCJpSI^ f. (spB) cancellation of obligations, ex- 
ceptional legislation. iOSaVK a special royal dispensation 
(with reference to the suspensions of rights connected 
with the Sabbath and Yobel years). B. Mets. 106 s ; 109\ 
— Ib. 39 a . 

arfi-lpSX (NiVnp^) f. (ipB ; v. b-Mp"W) mak- 
ing free, irreverence, contempt of the Law and its teach- 
ers. M.Kat. 16 a insXS 'pTSXS for contempt of the Law 
excommunication ispronounced forthwith (without warn- 
ing). Snh. 100 a 'pSK i= ytrFO Ta Ms. M. (ed. incorr. 133 
"13 "illfa) does that look like showing ' 



drp"HpBit, v. -|WpBx. 

*lD~lpBltf, Treat. Der. Er. X, Ar., read. into . . 



iTfitHpBi*, ffl&lp^S^ f. denom. of ?b~t£m q. v. 

^V^t^pB^ f. (v. &lTlpiBK)=Xn'np T B : !S. Targ. Y. 
Deut/l, 12T 

"'tHpBstf, " l &"1p" 1 S5< m. (v. preced.) of an irrever- 
ent, rebellious disposition. Y. Snh. X, 27 d bot. 

VP1p£$ T9!P^> 1 V?i?^> '^ f - p ] - 

(also used as sing.a.m.) ("ip6, withformat.t); v.bl^ilpTB!*; 
cmp.^pnax, TthpB, TP' 1 1 aG > ?P"!§^i a,.^na.II) undress, 
(negligee), whence underwear, the garment next to the 
skin, shirt, bathing or night gown, sheet. Y. Ber. II, 4° 
top '31 l"iTrt 'pTB!* he had an undergarment on beneath ; 
cmp. Pesik. B. s. 22.— Pesik. Shek. p. 15 b sq. 'pDilpiBK 
(sing. a. pi.); Lev. B. s. 24; (Ib. s. 2 y&plB, ^blpB). Y. 
Pes. VIII, 36 b top 'JG ITaSart he who carries a skeleton 
wrapped in sheets; Y.M.Kat.I,80 d top.— Ib.III, end, 83 d 
nS3Sa 'X T 11 * ( Bab - ib - 22b 'if*"^"'?**) his underwear 
(shirt) forms no check (but must likewise be rent; diff. 
in Bashi a. 1.). Treat. S'mahoth XII "pDilpTSK (Tur Yor. 
Deah 203 SptSIBIS). [Pesik. B. 1. c. bWlpTflS, QHWlpiBK 
corr.acc.]— Beriv. ni&'ipBX, "i|itk, underwear. Ber.23 b 
one may wrap up &c. &c. initripsxa Ar. (Ms. M."i*ipBxa, 
ed. 'pIBX) in his sheet. Nidd. 48 1 ' '&Q tplBT) is rubbed 
against their underwear (corset &c). Hag. 26 a S33 Test 
l3lri> i— X Ms. M. (read fiSBJ, ed. SBi omitted) even if 
his underwear fell into it, (the vessel remains clean). 
Mikv. X, 4 CinsaiU Vfl&plBI* SB llBpn Ar. ed. Koh. (ed. 
t^&p^Bnaj) the knot of one's bathing sheet which is on 
the shoulder. 

^ttJpBS^fcT^pD^ (Ms.M.) pr.n. m.Afkashion, 
Afkashidn' Yoma^'iYkr.^pm). 

fctripS^, v. xnipBN. 

*~lB!tf, Y. Bice. II, beg. 64 c bot. difflan % yntS'X—. 
The entire passage is corrupt, and allows no inference 
that *iB8 means (=*G») to pass, be past. The text, pos- 
sibly read: "4)8, niSVia NinUJ "Of flttWl difflah (p) TBN 

Tini wis n-o-inn- na nnia y\$i kimib -ai nmssi d-nutt} (p) 
'31 'iiin "1. [i"in 1-i S3!* a. -nti sax ibid, (read: inai sax) 
is a gloss referr. to S'mahoth ch. III.] 

■©&$ m. (b. h.; /C)S, cmp. pa«, fl&K) ashes. Ohol. 
II, 2 d^BIIlt) 'X ashes of persons burnt to death (by 
accident). B. Bath. 60 b ; Taan. II, 1 nspa 'S calcined 
ashes (symbol of mourning, supplication &c). Y.ib.II, 65 a 
pn2i SU5 ilBK the ashes of (the ram substituted for) 
Isaac. Gen. B. s. 49. Lev. B. s. 36; a. fr. 

*t&!Si m. ( j/l&, cmp. Ges. H. Diet. s. v. NIB) pasture- 
ground (outside of the town), in gen. meadow. Bets. V, 7. 



ip-Wt 



HBtf, !SnDNl (mS^) oh. same. Targ. T. II Ex. 
II, 3; 5" (Var! rri&SS; Targ.' O. MIS' 1 ). [Y. Sabb. I, 3 b 1h 

snBNn, rnes (anEW) ch.=h. >*«. T arg . 

I Chr. XXI, 15 's^'hipsn '» the ashes of Isaac's offer- 
ing, v. 1B8.— Y. Taan. II, 67 a a foolish son '31 W*a 'X 
is ashes in the eyes of his mother (Win by permutation 
K1BK; v. fV8). 

fcTJlBN, ^WISN, fi<^&J-)D&< f. (aupay!,, 
airpajia) 'inactivity, cessation of labor, holiday. Pesik. 
Sh'mini, p. 195 a (v. Buher note 66 to p. 193 a ) if hoth of 
us open (sales) at the same time &WS1K plOW 15.!* i*ih 
rtJilaa (Ar. Var. WS1S8, nSWBK, read STS1B8) we shall 
create a cessation of labor in the district (as all the 
laboring people will run to the market town on one and 
the same day; Yalk. Num. 782 bit from misunderstand- 
ing); Cant.E.toVII,2 V+vm (read &mi1B8 or SVnDSIBS). 

Pesik. E. s. 41 E, Yonathan had goods with him 

OWE!* hSV«hl (corr. ace.) and there was inactivity and 
dull business in consequence thereof [for which Yalk. 
Ps. 758 niSiab biai iTVl xbl— prob. to be read bia^BN 
fepaxoc -unsaleable]. 

wxm, s^nm wrm, &r\m v. 

preced. 

bjPBStf Mekh. Yithro 6 '8a, read, as Yalk. a. 1., nssa 
'B, v. iil16. 

OlDDITlBK, v. wesra. 

rnSSSt 1) meadow, v. TBK; 2) ashes, v. !f*p, 

JQFTlBN, v. »ms, ^nama 

^"HilS^ f.('A<fpobii:Tii) Ajihrodite, aGreekgoddess 
(Venus). Ab'.Zar.III,4 '8 bll 'prrta a bath where A. has 
a statue. lb. we do not say, the bath has been built ili 
'31 'fctb as an ornament of A., but we say, A. is an orna- 
mental attachment to the bath. Y. Shebi. VIII, end 38 b 
'X iVinb fDVra squirting water (as a libation) to A. 

yTTTI&a, read: 

I^TlT©^ m. pi., IJTilB* OlI'iB"'!*) f. pi. (v. 113 
"la"!?, SHll^B, sbiViB) those appointed over the outworks 
of a fortress, runners. Targ. Ezek. IV, 2 ; XXI, 27 (h. 
tms). 

inT~lS(S5 m. (b. h. rhSK; ni&)' &rood, yowwy Sire?. 
Bets. 6 b ;' Tosef. ib. I, 1; a.' fr.— Gen. R. s. 37 'DTK bianx 
yesterday a chicken, to-day an egg (lost prestige). 

Stfrn"©^ ch. same.— PI. yrFh&K Targ.Deut. XXII, 6 
(Var. yrnBK); a. e.— S^rrilBS. Y. Ber. II, 5 a . 

DIBIIBN, v. m 

DIDTlBIK, read bia'iBT*, v. fcOIBT*. 



X^SlQilSK f. (<pop(3s!a) Mtov Tosef. Kel. B. Mets. 
IV, 6 T s'q.' V. s^aai-iB. 

DIDIIBS^, read &1&&1SK. 

n niD5< Y. Sot. Ill, 18 c hot., v. TTnB. 

I^HnpSS;, v. xniiss. 

mT2Tt3"lSN, read with Mus.: 

mOTt3~lS^ 1 pi. (apparatus) military engines. Y. 
Keth. II, 26 dT ; T (Y. Gitt. Ill, 45 a top nVBlBpiX camps). 

"]tHB!S!, "]i"H"©^ m. (b.h."1B8;=lWB bs, 11B, TIB; 
cmp. Hll'iiBiBX, XII^S, SO'ilB &c.) [ow a /rawe,] /V-a»te 
and hangings of a palanquin, litter of parade, esp. for 
a bride in the wedding procession. Sot. IX, 14 (49 a ); 
Tosef. ib. XV, 9— Sot.l2 a 'SO naiffiin (Pesik. R. s. 43 
(■onisa), a. e. he placed her in the litter, arranged a 
wedding procession for her. Num.E.s.20, end, 'SO attJ"<b 
to take her seat in the litter (for the wedding proces- 

*KrHDS m. (TIB) [the leader],(axahit.) the king-beam, 
principal. B. Bath. 6 a . 

Wnm, v. next w. 

*P"lS& m. ch.=h. 1WBK. B. Mets. end tr*wa& 'K 
]lSaffl hb ed. (Ar. b"lb S^i'-iBS nib ian, Var. Kli-lilBiK, 
StiilBiK; Ms. M. •pBK. Ms. H. yp"iBX, v. Eabb. D. S. a. 
1. note) let a palanquin be put up for E. Sh., i. e. he 
deserves a triumphal procession. Cmp. &WS^B. 

D^"]£^ (b. h.) pr. n. m. Ephraim. 1) son of Joseph, 
progenitor of the tribe of Ephraim. Gen. E. s. 98 ; a. 
fr. — 2) name of the expected Messiah, also called the 
Messiah, son of Joseph, in contradist. to the Messiah 
of the tribe of Judah. Pesik. R. s. 36; 37. — 3) a dis- 
ciple of E. Meiir. B. Mets. 87 a ; Gen. B. s. 85 njMtfpa 'X 
E. the disputant. — 4) *E. the Scribe, a disciple of Eesh 
Lakish. B. Mets. end (Ms. M. nxfflpa '«,- v. Eabb. D. S. 

)1im, y. T^BK. 

(ajTncK) ynexi pr . n. P i. (*««, -a w ^) 

Africa] esp. Northern A., the Africa Propria or Vera 
of the Eomans. Y. Shebi. Ill, 36° hot. the Girgashite 
'1Kb lb "]bn emigrated to Africa (Carthage). Ib. 'a land 
like your own' (II Kings XVIII, 32) -tt'll that means 
A.; Lev. E. s. 17; Deut. E. s. 5.— Snh. 91 a SCpilB!* (corr. 
ace). Tarn. 32 a sq. 'X nsi*ra; (Lev. E. s. 27; Pesik. Shor 
p ; 74 a JOJiBlp, v. ?]ttSh). Lam. E. to I, 5. NpilSKl 61311 
Duke (military governor) of A. (Egypt &c). — Denom. 
tn*.p/-i3!S, ch. iXp T "i'nBX Africans (Negroes). Sabb. 31*.— 
Targ.' II Chr. XXI, 16. 

^p^HD^II, ^^p" 1 "!^ pr. n. pi. (supposed to be) 
Phrygia,'ia Asia Minor. Targ. Y^ Gen. X, 2 (h. textTai); 



Gen. E. s. 37, beg.; (Y. Meg. I, 71 b bot.; Yoma 10 a 
K^aalS,). [Y.Ber. IX, 13 c top; E. Hash. 26 a (of B. Akiba's 
journeys) — perh. belonging to preced.] 

acnes, oirnsa, v. w*. 

' O'H'D""©!^ pr. n. pi., prob. binWB&^rHp/'BK q.v. 
Y.Gitt.IV,46 a ao-m '» if a slave fled toEp., it is unde- 
cided whether he may be extradited ; cmp. &i"ia31K. 

■DTBN. XTDim, v. v% 

vO"©i<, Sabb. 45 a ed., v. Wj^ i3*iB. 

&3"1S!Sj transpos. of Went*. 

riDDlBN (DDIDSS;) f. (&31& q. v.) [the grinder, 
moving to and back,] the hopper, grain-receiver on top 
of the millstone. Hag. 3 a ; Hull. 89 a 'BfcG "31!* hlBS (ed. 
'B"i!*3) make thy ear like the hopper to receive the teach- 
ings &c; Y. Kidd. I, end, 61 d 11H &D"iSiX3 -|3tX ap3 per- 
forate (make open) thy ear &c. ; Pesik. E. s. 10 illlWin 
'31 "J31X shake thy ear, like a hopper, to receive &c. 

SQfcHSitf f.=next w. Targ. Y. Ex. XXXV, 28.— 
Kerith. 5 b \ E. Hash. 23 a . Ber. 43 a . Ab. Zar. 28 b Ms. M. 
(ed. Nh&BSK). 

Tta&nBa, ^tecns* Cpnbb&K) m . (v . t^, 

BsnB; cmp. also tto^a/yrabba) Dbalsamum. Yoina38 b sq. 
Y. Ab.Zar.HI, 42 c top; a. fr.— Lam. E. to IT, 15 'b&X.— 
2) balsam-tree, balsam-wood. Ber. 43 a . 

rot) peaches'. Maasr. I, '2 ; a. fr. V. pb'iB. 

T'l^nSS'? adv. (v. ip-in) on the back. Ber. 13 b ; Nidd. 
14 a 'H. 135 lies on his back. B. Bath. 79 a top. 



X" T jr©«, v. '^m. 

rfi&j?n£N=ni&"ipBi*. Ber. 23''; 24 b ed. 

©"©5$, adv., with "!? (v. 12Ti6) for a time to be defined 
(in the future), indefinitely, forever (h. !"l33b). Targ. Is. 
LVII, 16; a. fr. 

<1I1J"1S!!<, !"KZT)5}7 f. (She) 1) separation, setting 
apart for a sacred purpose, as theheave-offering(T'rumah, 
for the priest), or a sacrifice (Korban); also isolation on 
account of levitical uncleanness, or on ace. of sacredness. 
Trnsf. the thing set apart, offering, gift. Y. Yoma I, 
beg. 38 a ; Tosef. Parah III (II), 1 mhoa fr\ahai*(n) m 
'31 (Babli Yoma 8 b inffiilB) the one is isolated' for the 
purpose of purification (because of uncleanness), the other 
for sanctification (for the services of the Day of Atone- 
ment). Y. Dem. VII, 26>> hot. ina ilin depends on the 
act of setting apart. B. Kam. V, 7 'Vo "lil MJJl&h the 
isolation of- Mount Sinai prescribed as preparation for 
the giving of the Law (Ex. XIX, 13); a. fr.—Pl.hw^m, 
riitth&Sl. Y. Shek. II, 46 d top 'X fflblB three kinds of 
sacred gifts. — 2) crossing the Ocean; cmp. ttinB. Gen. R. 
s. 6 '31 mmi; Lev. E. s. 25 MlhB, 



./IttTISN, tfSVlEJlDit ch. as foreg. 1). Targ. Ezek. 
XLV, I;' a. fr. —PI. KW}«!hSK, constr. filtth&K. Targ. 0. 
Num. XVIII, 8; 19 (some ed. ms'nfflft sing.).' 

^rnDfcjt m. (perh.=b. h.) of Ephratha, Ephrathi. Y. 
Keth\ XII,' 35 a top 'N f]&V»; Y. Kil. IX, 32 b top '» W; 
(Gen. E.s.100 irYIBh).— PZ. bTHB!*. Euth E. to 1, 2 expl. 
"W^B courtiers, noblemen. — Ch. i^B!*. Targ. Euth 1. c. 
■pal 'X (in. Ms. our w. omitted). 

ffiSSS, ^S* 1 !^ m. (tt»K, yq«, cmp. ^Stl; corresp. 
to b. h. - 1BB3, v. Jer. XV, 1) des«Ve, pleasure; [only with 
personal pron. as suffix]. Naz.IV,5 '31 il!iffl* i» I will not 
live with an offensive woman. Keth. Xn,'3 '31 Wrb 'S IS 
I cannotleave my husband's house. Y. Yoma VII, 45 b bot. 
'31 1S511B '» i|* I do not want the Day of Atonement to 
bring me forgiveness. Y. Yeb. XHI, beg. 13 b -pSWSa 'X 
I am willing to marry thee. Num. E. s. 13 (alluding to 
Gen. HI, 22) 'X ijt DlX Tat* said Adam, I cannot (do 
penitence). Said the Lord, 'And now', — said Adam 'pen', 
'by no means', 'I will not'. Y.Keth.VII,31 b bot. httJK '» i» 
(read hfflxa). Y.Pes.VIII, 35 d bot. !-|3oni25 '» (read 'JOS). 
Y. Gitt. VI, 1 ; a. fr. Gen. R. s. 38 '51 1312JBN ^1* we desire 
neither him nor his divine protection. 

' ntim, v. n^. 
nnb©D», v. ^m. 

1 "K2JBN, "ItJS' 1 ^ ("II?j]N) m. (11BB) division, space 
betioeen, alternative', whence possibility; it is possible. 
J Targ. Job XIV, 14; a. fr.— Hull. II 1 ' 'X 'Sfl KMl where 
'■ it is possible (to ascertain facts), it is possible (we must 
[ do), but where it is impossible &c. Yeb.61 b sq. 'IS 'pi 'pK 
j 'X itiWQ we cannot form an analogy between a case 
! where there is an alternative and one where there is 
: none. Sabb. 129 a irb '« t& he has no means. Y. Sot. Vn, 
i 21 c bot. "vffft '» IN you cannot say. Taan. 3 b dbisb 'X ifct 
'31 the world cannot exist without &c; a. fr. 

StFOSl m. bread. Ber. 40 b quot. in Ar., prob. from 
misreading XriBi'i; v. Eabb. D. S. a. 1. Ms. M. 

itfPDN Ilf.(inB) extension, width, whence l)(archit.) 
a chamber or wing projecting from a building (with 
stairs from outside), balcony-chamber. B. Bath. 61 a (ex- 

i plain. S^Si). Hull. 92 a 'S vntfl 3"a a synagogue named 
'under the balcony'. — 2) (bot.) stole, tuber. Lam. E. to 

! 1, 16, end '31 tnpl 'x siiia like that tuber of cabbage, the 
larger the latter grows, the smaller gets the former.' — 

1 3) pi. ^riBX, only with Sfflo^, spreading of night, night- 

l fall. Y. Ab. Zar. I, beg. 39 a . Y. Bath. II, end, 13 c . Lev. 

1 E. s. 25; Koh. E. to II, 20.— Kfflal inBB="1 'N3. Y. Ab. 

I Zar. 1. c; Gen. E. s. 78. 

b^DTlS^, v. aiiiBiB^. 

I ' pffij^ V. 1BJW11IJ. 

I 5<jP?l5!!<, ^J^?l91n m. (pr*, cmp. pSiBfi) ladle with 

j which provision is 'dealt out. Snh. 39 a 'ta ws «na 



■ 1**4D* 



(Eashi hiph&Stt, Ms. M. hiphBha rV*fia) he (the servant) 
warned him (Ms. M. struck him) with his ladle ; (Eashi: 
struck him on his neckQ), v. SMrripBN). 

"P^SK Targ. Y. I Num. XIII, 21 Ar., v. fWB. 

2322S f. (b. h.;=SSSS; aSSS, /as, cmp. Job X, 8; 
cmp. Saa a. r,saa) l) /m#w, esp. index-finger. Men. ll a 
'« 11 with this (the fourth from the little finger) the 
measure of 'a finger' is taken; Keth. 5 b . Y.Taan.IV, 68 d 
bot.; Lam. E. to II, 2 'St i»alpa (ifi'iaa) who had their 
finger out off. (in evidence of devotion to the cause). 
Yoma I, 7 iYTlX 'K; Tosef. ib. 9 explained M^IIS 'X middle 
finger; cmp. Tanh. Bo, end, expl. niSXax.— Keth. 71 a 
'31 'st inis SOfi he (the husband) puts his finger between 
her teeth (and must expect to be bitten), i. e. has to take 
the consequences of not interfering with her vow in due 
time.— 2) any projecting limb resembling the shape of a 
finger. Hull. 61 a tiW IK the projecting toe on a bird's 
claw. Tarn. IV, 3 (31 a ) lasfi '». the lobe of the liver. — 
Pig. (like TO share, part. Y. Pes. IV, 31 a top; Y. Ah. 
Zar. I, 40 a top, v. SSaS.— PI. niSaSX. Hag. 15 a ; a. fr. 
(mostly in the sense of finger's length).— Pes. 11 2 b ; Nidd. 
66 a euphem. for membra virilia.—Dual b*saXX, b^saxx. 
Cant. E. to VIII, 11 'St Bfl^l one whose (index) fingers 
were lopped (stump-like). Ib. that whole trade of mine 
'eO j6k WSpi niis cannot he acquired except by learn- 
ing how to use the index-fingers.— Pes. 109 a , a. e. two 
finger lengths. 

\X2fejS&, 3?3SS ph. same. Targ.Ex.XXXI,18; a. e. 
— PtWasK. Tar'gi'Y. Gen. I, 7 ; a. fr. Targ. Ps. VIII, 4 
"IttlSasx. Ned. 49 b nTlSasxa with his fingers. Erub. 53 a 
we are S«3D*s smpa '» -is (Ar. Sthaxll*) as to reasoning 
like fingers on wax (hard to be impressed upon), hnaffliVl 
'31 but as to forgetfulness like fingers put in seed (leav- 
ing no trace), v. SOia ; a. fr. 

^IjHK m. of a finger's length, dwarf of the smallest 
size. Bekh. 45 b . 

■*ttra»t,..Y. xsaxa. 

TQSN' f. (v. mas, cmp.saXK) tongs, snuffers. Ohol. 
XIII, 4 (Var. ipiBDK); Tosef. ib.XIV,4 iPQX'wi, ed. Zuck. 
(Var. lnaxV S&l) and for the snuffers belonging to it (the 
candlestick). 

IfflJ Ar., v. WfflSK. 

SKl^tf, v. next w. 

^nSS l, pi. stnixst, sniiss (iis, cmp. ias a. aab) 
creeper,' vine. Pes. 89 a ' (expl. njiamti) S&pi'H StllXK Ar. 
(ed. StnilXSt, Ms. M. srv&X, read SttJlbK, E. Han. StlbSt, 
v. Eabb! D. S. a. 1. note); Keth. 50" SMSX. Erub. T 26 b 
KipTl Krwih NM1XX Ar. (ed. &6p'''rt omitted, also in 
Ms. M., cmp. Eahh. D. S. a. 1. note) arkablin are the 
prickling creepers of the palm-tree; v. fctt'in. V. XffllXX. 



■i^PinilSK, J^FnXitf t (nix) cry, noise. Targ. 
Ezek. T VII,"l4." 

NHIIX**, KIHISN f.rsK,/TS,cmp.asna.denom, 
a. MrpeSt)' trough, kneading trough; also a trough-full, 
the quantity of bread baked at a time, batch. Targ. Deut. 
XXVIII, 5 ; a. e. (also as plur.) Targ. Ex. VII, 28 ; a. e.— 
Pesik. B'shall. p. 91 a '=1 'St hs the entire batch of bread. 
Ib. b (correct ace. to Buber note 198; Var. Ar. -1XX, Nlrm&it, 
v. Koh. Ar. Compl. s. v.). Cmp. NXiXX. V." SWS!*. 

aromas, anrnxs, v. tm^. 
xrrm, v. wnxg a . arms*. 

"1222}$, for words not found here, v. sub 'BOX, 'BD^X 

or 'ax^St. 

Itf'TOlBS! m. (-ns) 1) destruction. Targ.Prov. XVII, 14 
(h. text sVith; for iSBK ib. read l^BSt, v.aaS).— 2) (caco- 
phem.) theatre, arena; prevailing vers. SO'iBXit q. v. 

' &lbnZN, v. next w. 

ffi ?13!!BK f. (Vba, v. HsB&Jt) covering, lining of a 
shoe. Tosef. : Kel. B. Bath. IV, 6 iai» rrt>B3Wi VbTO ed. 
Zuck. (E. S. to Kel. XXVI, 4 b^BilStn lVjiiffi ; Var. ed. 
Zuck. 'l^BXStn; ed. bl^sBXStn) read 'st rt>BtHI5 the lining 
of which is off. ; v. a-fl. 

fcCIES.*, v. srast. 

«ain&a"rtas«, v. ™™. ■ 

f. (-00, cmp.' SWiao'&t, SWIBXS P.'Sm,'304 a." quot. ibid. ; 
cmp. Y^ast) place of debauchery, an opprobrious name 
for the theatres, arenas ka. of theEomans, and a phonetic 
perversion of theatrwm, dsarpov. Ab. Zar. I, 7 (16 a ) you 

must not build '=1 K^IBXK talTlS (Ms. M. StailBXS*, 

proh. Stt^aX&t, v. supra; in Gem. 18 b repeatedly "laxst, 
Mishn. Nap. St^BXSt, in oomment. ib. tWlBSS), expl. 
ib. 16 b '=1 blTlS Vtt} ip^&a a building for public ex- 
ecution (court) or for public entertainment (amphithe- 
atre &c.)— PI. n+naBK.- Sifra Ahare IX, 13. [Men. 103 b 
-|\sa \HO Sfna&i&t royal amphitheatre (?), v. SfBiabl*.] 
[Tanh. B'resh.- 2 nixa'HBbX, Var. ni&TiBpJS; theatres.'] Ab. 
Zar. 18 b rflXBTB&ii6 -fih'xb Ms. M. (e'd'. rviiWflB q. v; En 
Yak. 'oin). [For the vers. XfraSit v. s. -v.]' 

TH1DSN, Tl^ty ^^..'D^n^BS^v.preced. 
end] f. (pr°P- P 1 - of 'st'iasjt, Slabs, v. preced., used as 
sing.) same. B.Kam.IV,4 (39 a ) p13.Xi5t!T-illl) Ms.M. (ed. 
T'laSK, Ms.H.a. E. a. Mish. Nap. ^"IBOJK, Y. ed. fiiabi)*) 
an ox of the arena (that killed a person). Tosef. Ab. Zar. 
II, 7 '31 .'pabsa attJl^n Var. (ed. Zuck.^ giflBbiiX, ed. 
T'Sab^) he who attends, the arena as a specif tor is like 
a murderer (countenancing bloodshed); Y.ib. 1, 40- a .S.lBW 
"ClasiKa (interchanging with ■jfiBKin ,theatrum). PI, 



T^asH* &o. Ab. Zar. 18 b "1"!2 iJBa '«i •psVfrl "f !S Ms. M. 
(ed. di'xi affila *<3Ba ■pJi'raXKi . ., v.Rabb. D.S.a.l. note) 
you must not go to the arenas on account of bloodshed 
(ed. to, theatres on account of 'scorners' seat', Ps. 1, 1). lb. 
Ms. M. repeat. ^BaK, -cmp. If-SK. Tosef.l.c.6 yWtnXixi 

(Var. ywriBxV fai^axi) ; 7 iwnaxiNi (Var. ywiai, 
-piii-iast), cmp. rYi^cna. 

SJJIiaSK m. pi. (fix) travelling ... 
vision. Gen.'B. s. 60. Koh. E. to XI, 1. 

■'rna , 'a"ia2», v.«B»torTBbK. 

»^2N, *W», *H« f. (■**, y. xmm cut, 

depression, (agric.) bed as' a measure, row. — PI. Kn^ax, 
XWXX, 'X1K, 'XT*. B. Bath.l2 a '31 'X hin (Ms. M. T 'X^, 
Ms. F. KrWPK(?)') three rows containing twelve vine- 
trees each; (v. Rabb. D. S. a. 1. note). lb. 41 b he en- 
croached on his neighbor's ground "IS 'Vftn ed. (Mss. "'X) 
two bed-widths. 

J S '3S& m. (b. h.; ixx orixD, cmp. six) the joint which 
touches the rib, elbow (with or without *r). Arakh. 19 b 
'!*rl 13 up to the elbow.— PI d^SS, constr. ^SK. Zeb. 
19 a top '31 'K IMS corresponding to the elbows (where 
the elbow in natural position touches the body). Y. Yoma 
V, 42 b bot,; a. fr.— (Chald.) Lev. R. s. 8, beg, tni^X!* fll 
f IB some ed. (read ST^XS) and the other has his elbow 
(arm) broken. 

^S^N, i^Sl?^ m, (y.-m^y matting used for 
bailing dates, cmp. irrilt. [Oth. opin : the flesh sticking 
to the stone of half-ripe dates.] Gitt. 89 a a woman was 
betrothed ximnn 'JO (Ar. SOXX) with &c. (an object of 

MTffla, «S^§ m. qrxx, cmp.xnilXK) a common 
oeZ&J weask bT Batii. 144 a &0&1ST1 'X H)i* Ms. (ed. 'S) 
even a pot in which fish-hash is kept. Meg. 16 a Tf2.1 'X 
Sdsn Ar. (ed. '3, Ms. O. KOTiS) night-chamber. [Targ. 
Esth. V, 1 XX1XS xsi-i, read 'OT . . . of the night-cham- 
ber.] Hebr. 'pSS. 

*]TP2!tf, Targ. Koh. XII, 11 a gloss of -paw, missing 
in ed. Buxt. a. oth.; v. 'J'SK. 

?!2!S! ( j/ix, v. iai) to protect, spare, exempt from 
taxes. B. Bath. 55 a , v. igb-wfiK.— [Bets. 14 a liax, v. ^ix.] 

b^ or 5SH (b.h.) pr.n.m. AteeZ, 4fc<4 mentioned 
I OhrorT. VIII, V sq.; IX, 43 sq. Pes. 62 b '31 '!*i '!* 'f=. 
(Ms. . . .''» la, v. Babb. D. S. a. 1. note, for var. lect.) the 
explanation of the repetition of I Chr. VIII, 29 to 38, 
and IX, 35 to 44 and the verbal discrepancies between 
the two records would load four hundred camels with 
discussion ; cmp. Rashi to I Chr. 1. c. 

b!2Sl(b. h.; }/"ix, v. iix, six) by the side of, near, 
with.' BMets. V, 1 'p 'jra iixx i"in thou hast wine with 
me instead, i. e. I owe thee &c. lb. 85 b Sph.iiris *>a 'X 
by whose side art thou lodged (in the world to .come) ? ; 
Koh. B. to IX, 10; a. fr. 



/pwaipa 



success, prosperity. Targ. Is. 



XXXIII, 20;' a. e. 

ibxa, v. •**. 

TTT^ii f. (b. h.; 1SX) clasp or brooch for fastening 
dresses on going out, in Talm. knee-band; v.ni*ii3. Sabb. 
63 b 'X It mrs . -what the Mishnah calls birith is the 
Biblical etsadah; modified ibid. '31 'it Mlh r^ra birith 
has the function of the etsadah (Eashi: birith around 
the knee serves the same purpose as etsadah on the 
shoulder, to save inconvenience in walking). 

*N£S&t or J*£2?N m. (DXK, v. da 1 ?) trouble, labor. 
Targ. Prov. XIV, 23 '-$ '»n p i33 (h. text 3XS) in what- 
ever is a trouble to thee. 

' NSStf , v. etra* 

"1Z2&5 (b. h.; sec. r. of 11X, cmp. 1&K) to lock up, hoard, 
gather; cmp. tSfl. B.Bath. 90 b nYV*S "HXiit those who store 
upfruit(for speculation). lb. '31 piaitf fa ; Tosef.Ab.Zar. 
IV (V), 1 0"iX!* a. 1XS used promiscuously) you must not 
hoard up (for speculation) such things as are necessaries 
of life; [correct diSOttJ W« -jISS STUB di-QI 'x yiJX 

rwsi ninisi]. lb. liasi (Tosef. "isxi Pi.). lb. las"? si 
Pi. (Tosef. -riX5£ !*il, read Sti; Var. fax? si). Gen. R. 
s. 45 end (play on ■iaKlldlM) '31 Tjasttl he locked them 
up in the desert &c. — Y. Dem. VI, end, 26 a ; Tosef. ib. 
VI,4; Ab.Zar.71 a ixiirt (ISIS) government's store-collector, 
commissary (apothecarius), or read ISIS q. v. 
Pi. IS^X, Eif. ^xitti, v. supra. 

""l!SS! I ~fflK ch. same. *Targ. 0. Gen. XLI, 35 
TllX^lj'Var. TTiavn, -jllXil). B. Bath. 90 b ^XS pl& 
'31 ii (prob. 138 Pa.) go out and buy up for me for 
storage &e. 

Ithpa. "iaiiOT*, I%e. issns to be stored up. Targ. Is. 
XXIII, 18. ' 

laLsS w. (preced.) i^B "iSS speculator in provision. 
Yoma 83 a ; B. Bath. 90 b . 

"ISX'II m. (preced.) contraction (h. 1XS). Bekh.21 b 
Sfllin 'S contraction of the womb (and consequent de- 
struction of the foetus). 

m'~)!2bt, nil '!S, read H11 niixis (v. 1X1K) stores 
of wind, name of the cavities in the, pearl-shell in which 
the pearls are seated, and which contain a kali; v. KJittJX. 
Y. Sabb. IX, end, 12 b top. 

^rip^> v. Kiips. 

StfWPpStf f. (ifip) bluntness or looseness of teeth. 
Targ. T Amos IV, 6 (h. text '31 )Vp i) "pill) rYpnpK==per- 
plexity. Omp. XllpN. 

*"jita^^ ) .timipjPK, m. (accnbitnm, teou- 
Phxo-j) dining couch of the Boman nobility of the im- 
perial period in place of the older triclinium. Lev. E. 



s. 7 '31 'X b» 3&ia (Pesik. Eth. Korb. p. 61 a ■prjiaipri; 
Yalk. Num. 777 'pitf; ib. Lev. 479 'Dip, 'Sip; ib. Ps. 791 
'5Sfi &e, corr. ace; Pesik. B. s. 16, p. 83 b ed. Fr. ■puaipln) 
reclining on his accubitum. — 'X dfii, or 'K(I) SflBil firead 
used at the meals of the nobility, fine bread. Targ. Y. 
II Gen. XL, 16 ?raapp MriBil (read TiaaippXI XnS^I) bread 
of the nobles (h. text i*ih). Pesik. E. 1. c. p. 82 a (ref. 
to SinBSl drf> Neh. V, 18) 'pBSpprl sub. brfc; Pesik. 1. c. 
p. 59 a yrMpp (corr. ace). 

("IfrO^pStf, B.Bath. 73 a bot. Ar., v. it^&ip a. ilWMp; 
cmp. ^a^px. 

&^P^> ^Cl?^ f - ^^ what blunts or Rosens the 
teeth, weakening; 'fig. (v. Mekh. Bo 18, end) refutation, 
arguments. PI. NrmpX. Yeb. H0 b 'X llpapl isni (Eashi 
Var. StttfJpK Ifipa) they were sitting and raising arguments. 
Cmp. aWPfipX. 

D^lDlpN, v. diamp^. 

."jlpN m. (deriv. of H3p, v. ps) 1) reed-basket, used 
as a /SsWs com/". Kel. XII, 2; XXIII, 5.-2) v. ,pK. 

. "Sl^plS! f. (SSp, with 5 inserted; Mand. XSaip, Nold. 
Mand..' Gr. p. 105) cupola, arched vessel PI. nisoaMpK. 
Tosef.Kel. B.Mets.II, 8 d^iaaSffl 'X ed. Zuck.(Var/3aipN, 
cmp. ilJOaip) cupolas on turrets (a piece of house furniture), 
ornamental vases. 

D^lpS, a corruption of b^Vip m. (xoXta<;) eoZias, 
name of a small fish. Ab. Zar. 39 a ; Hull. 66 b top ; Tosef. 
Hull. HI (IV), 27 s-*Vip. 

^Sfip^ m. pi. (qp5, t|p) curlings of the web, ant/thing 
sticking out of the web (threads, knots &c). . Sabb. 75 b 
'31 '!* VipUTl )iV2 "Kfi whoever takes threads out of clothes 
on the Sabbath, is guilty of an act of finishing; v. SJiBB. 
Cmp. 8WIBI38;. 

'ItfETIpK, y. WWp. 

. .waiemps, v. Kwppj*.. 

KEJIpfc* m. (H»p) hard, hard-baked. Targ. Y. Lev. 
XX, 10.— Keth. 39 b . Sot. 4 b , opp. SOW. Sabb. 65 a to 
'X ilia anything hard— PL "voipx. Sabb. 155 a 'X ^ailri 
ed., (Ms. M. WX 1 "!, Ar. XTOXI).— Targ. Ps. LVIII, 10 
IBJipX (some ed. ?ffijpx). 

~lit2pi< (iTtap^) m. (actor) actor publicus, an 
officer who had the supervision of slaves and state pro- 
perty.— PI. TTiBpS. Mekh. B'shall. Par. 1 ; Yalk. Ex. 230 
'IX.— Targ. Y. Ex'. XIV, 5 X'Topix. 

'. "jlSD^plSl, "jiBp" l t3p pr. h. pi. Ctesiphon, a town 
on the Eastern bank of the' Tigris. Targ. Y. Gen. X, 10 
fp (for Bibl. Kalneh). Yoma I0 a (for Bibl. Besen) 'X hi 



2 Ittftifi* 

(Ms. "jlB&BpX TT; Var.TlSbiap; blB&ia). Gitt.6 a . Erub.57 b 
'Ob^pX (corr. ace. ; Ms. M. "rap; v. Eabb. D. S. a. 1. note). 

iSpl JUpsS f, (Itsp) whatever raises dense smoke when . 
ignited', hence roots, twigs &c. Taan. 24 b bot. 'X sfwitiyi 
(Ms. M. adds. XlWia; v. Eabb. D. S. a. 1.) she used to 
throw twigs into the stove (to make people believe she 
was baking). 

"'pN, read: ipijji (etxe) make room! Y'lamd.to Deut. 
XI, 22 quot. in Ar. (v. Tanh. Ekeb, 4); cmp. Midr. Till, 
to Ps. XVII. 

&Tp!K, v. dTOpX. 

Dl^pS (Var. biVipS), pr. n. m. Akilos (prob. identic 
with bVipVq.v.). Gen. R. s. 1 E. Yudan relates 'X dtttt. 

■jis^D^p^, v. t^m- 

XpyX, v. x;ppx. 

"^P^> v - ^"tpX a. lip. 

aepinibplK, v. rutety>* 

J^T'.ppN f. (xXefc-Soc) key, lock, fastening. Sabb.89 b 
'X*l X33 (Ar.s.v.lip: XS3,Var., v. Eabb. D.S. a. 1. note 400) 
the tooth of the key, key-bit (Ar. 'the key-gate') ; Men. 
57 a ; a. e.— Kg. X*raa1 'X the key (to the store) of rain; 
aiY'm 'x the key (to the gate) of resurrection. Snh. 113 a 
(Var. ttrbp, XrinSa; v. Eabb. D. S. a. 1. note 30).— PI. 
fffypX, X^-iipX. Targ. IChr. IX, 27.— Gitt. 56 a ; a. fr.— 
Denom. lipX, v. lip. 

DIDbpltf, read biaixp, v. X^p. 

&5j?N Ithpe. of bip. 

^nS^pS^ m. pi. (aquiliferi) eagle-bearers, bearers of 
the imperial standard. Midr. Till, to Ps. XLV (some ed. 
'pix corr. ace). 

1"l^aptf , pJDpN Lev. E. s. 34 "pDilB 'X, read 
'i^apix, v. dip. 

JStriKlpX f, (dpK=dpS>, cmp. ffliaSS, SmattS; Syr. 
xnpa!*?, V. P. Sm. 243) spider. Targ. Prov. XXX, 28. 

1P^ ( der it- of hi P) to 9 row in stalks, produce stalks 
. Gitt. 30 a yptfi X3^S si (Var. flpXl lini) in the case before 
us it means that the seeds which had been despaired off - 
produced stalks (blades) again '31 JWiiia XMpS Sairfl Ifia 
when you might think this shooting up is something 
(enough to awaken new hopes of recovery), therefore &c. ; 
Taan. 19 a . — Denom. £W3pS growth of stalks ; v. supra. 

013p?tf, v. diJpiJS; a. STOpx. 

an*npl>?, v. Kr^SRK. 

fcttVPDpJS f. OSpn) being provoked. Targ. I Sam. 
I, 16 (v. ib! V. 6). 



an^a 



wsy possession, -whence 'S "^BlB or Ti "lotti an agreement 
by which one's landed estate is mortgaged in the form of a 
sale from 'date, independent of the loan to be consum- 
mated afterwards, so that at a certain date the creditor 
can claim the property, even if sold in the meantime, 
by referring to the priority of his purchase; deed of trans- 
fer (v. Bloch Civil-Process, p. 54, notes 5 a. 6 a. quot. 
ib.). B. Mets. 13 a ; H a ; 16 b . B. Bath. 172 a SnsiJpK SIBffi) 
(ilBIB, Ms. M. ib. a. B.Mets. 16 b SrY«ipS without "IBID). 
— "Viaa Strips transfers, or sales by symbolic delivery, 
v. Sja; -whence Aknayatha B'mane, adaptation of the 
name of a Babylonian festive time and fair (cmp. "ft;). 
Ab. Zar. 1 l b Ms. M. a. oth. (ed. "OUrlS smipS.Var. rVrYiSpK) ; 
[cmp. T. ib. I, 39 c where our w. seems to be rendered 
isms]. 

HrfOpbt, v. preced. 

Thrpptf, v. vvs*. 

Di^pp^, b^tOtf m. (Shoi) worthy, adequate. 
Gen. E.V46 'lam tiodShadday' (Gen. XVII, 1) is trans- 
lated by Aquila&lipSI &11pS Ar. (ed. bli&SS, BliOSS, corr. 
ace.) &£io<; and (xai) "xavos, adequate and sufficient (com- 
petent); cmp. ibid. '31 "pi*l it is sufficient for thee that 
I am thy protector. 

^9P$ v. next w. 

*Tr^^^PP^ f - P 1 - (Su^o7)=ay<iUox<™) pieces 
of 'bitter alo'e-wood'. Targ. Ps. XLV, 9 Ar. (ed. "jistsibs b"ipp» 
combine) (h. text hftrjs). 

PTjSpN, JTlBp/l f. (ISp, Hif.) getting excited, 
ebullition of temper, 'rashness. Num. E. s. 10; X.Ned. 
I, 36 d bot. they make the vow of a nazir ('!"[) 'S -pna 
inconsiderately. Y. Ab. Zar. IV, 44 a . Tosef. Gitt. Vll 
(V), 6 (opp. yiSia). Y. Naz. I, end, 51 c "flDpft, read;. 

SrfiBpN f. (tpi,?p)curling the hair. Targ. Is. Ill, 24. 

"JTtflppS, "j^^lpp^'v. -flew*. 

*^Pp!S f. (axaxia) the thorny acacia. Gitt.69 b Ar. 



(ed. Spf!*, o 



».). 



kClp^H f- (dialect, for S"lpri in Yer. dial. q. v. ; cmp. 
var. lect. bel.) fort, designation of various, mostly Babyl. 
places. Meg. 6 a MpsVirrl 'X (Ms. Qxf., L., F. SIpS; v. 
Eabb.D. S. a. 1. note); Kidd. 71 b , v. iJpablh. [Eashi : forti- 
fied ford.] B. Bath. 127 a Kidd. 72 a , v. Sa5S. B. Mets. 86 a 
Saasb 'SO from Fort (Agma) to Agma (Var. lect. v. 
Eabb. D. S. a. 1.). B. Bath. 73 b , v. KWart. Maco. 10 a , 
v.bipibp; a.fr. [The Gr. &yipa,orig. summit, is a phonetic 
coincidence.] 

"'Itfnp?^ m. (Sip, nip; h.-tf^pv) accidental, chance. 



E. Hash. 29 b 'SI «)*1 tva improvized court. Srh. 25 b , 
a. fr. sobsa 'S a mere chance. 

fctta-'Ejriptf , v. KBjngK. 

^P"Hp^ f- (Tip) [eroafcrj /**•<#• B. Bath. 73 b 
'S (Vari snipllps, &c, v. Eabb. D. S, a. 1. note 3) sWi 
'=1 IS a frog as big as Fort Hag. (others read ia, a frog 
which was in Fort H.). Ned. 41 a 'S to SS.TP1 saipS 
SIMS fiiasi (corr. ed. ace.) a scorpion sitting on a frog 
and crossing the river. 

fcttSTlpK, fcttSjlfc, ^I3^"1P m. (xpA&aros, 
grabatus)eowcft, raised upholstered seat. M. Kat. 10 b iS3a!= 
'X Ar. (ed. SBiBlpS, Ms. M. Slt^SlpS) to build up a 
raised seat (on a frame). [Eashi : SBi&llpS crib.] Kidd. 70 a 
'IpS la Wft sit down, Sir, on the couch ; (cmp. samps, 
the Chald. equivalent of our w.). 

S^"!^ to treat, argue, v. 1*1!*. 

JSIJK fowler, v. S1SIV. 

*^"IX, ^"iStf (Ms. M. "113; Ar. s. v. STraite: SIS 
or SIB) name of a /?s/s or fish-brine; perh. SiS1s\.R«ia) 
ray or skate. Ab. Zar. 40 a . 

51S~I^ m. (b. h., Is. XXXIII, 7,=isbs, v.>5>S, cmp. 
bsiOS)" messenger, esp. (in poetry) angel. PI. diesis. 
Keth. 104 a '31 diplSai 'S the Brelim (angels) and the 
mortals seized the holy ark (strove for the soul of E. 
Judah); Y. Kil. IX, 32 b top 'SI fiiplSi; Y. Keth. XII, 35 a ; 
Koh. E. to VII, 11 ; IX, 10; v. pSi, pSa. 

3"1H (b. h.; l/lS, v. IIS, cmp. SIN) 1) to press into 
holes, to make holes; to weave; join. 2) to look through 
a hole, to espy, lurk, lie in wait. B. Kam. 44 b , a. e. (ref. 
to Deut. XIX, 11) 'Si lb 'SI it says 'And* he lurks for 
him' &c, that means the intention to kill that man.— 

Denom. nans, sanis, 'bans, sais, snais. 

*U1N ch. same, part. S31S lurking. B. Mets. 101 1 '; 
B. Kam. 85 a ; B. Bath. 168 a thou appearest to me S^ISS 
'S like a lurking lion, i. e. I have no confidence in 

5tf ZHltf I f- (sis to join, cmp. wis, nain) boat, B. 
Mets. T 101 b Slanl 'S aboat-load of wine; a.fr.— Gitt. 6 a ; 
Kidd. 72 a 'SI Snujn 'S Ar. ed. Koh. (ed. S3iiJn) to the 
second boat of the (floating) bridge; cmp. Kidd. 1. c. 
'SI SJ-PSlii 'and jiow the Persians placed the bridge 
higher up'. [Oth. opin., v. SPOIS.]— PL i|ns. B.Mets. 72 b 
'SI.... iBiM the wheat in granaries and ships. 

1^2"^ II f. a small silver vessel in the shape of a 
trough\=tV^y$ Ar.) B. Bath. 34 b (Coinm.: ship). 

?$H"lltf layer, mesh, v. S3"i>is. 



iGl")S lurking, v. a*is. 



"wyw 



^SQ^^ta. pi. Arabs. Targ. II Chr. XVII, 11 (ed. 
Beck; oth. "WaiS). 

JliHS I m. (b. h.j til) locust (also collect.). Ex. R. 
s. 13; V a!fr. V. mis. 

■nsn»n,v.m-iT. 

*S$3 t l!2")^ m. (aiit, cmp. 3.1S) confounding of colors, 
thickness, whence feeble sight. Pes. lll b the following 
three things '=1 'it latn (Ms. Oxf. ttJUTO ; Ms. M. v. 
Rabb. D. S. a. 1.) cause defective eye-sight. 

ab^na, v. %]«. 

^iD^ill^ v. ftsaiit end. 

3iHi$I pr. n. pi. Arbel, Arbela, in Galilee, near 
Zepphorfs. T. Ber. I, 2 C 'it hSpa the Valley of Ar.; Y. 
Taan. IV, 69 b toil* (corr. ace). Y. Shebi. VI, 36 d bot. 
Koh. R. to I, 18 coarse linen 'Sta 'pstafi coming from 

bai^II (bl"l) (denomin. of next w., v. bal5>) to 
sift, shake. B. Mets. 26 b baistal ttbaiit iniijtl Ar. (Ms. 
B. 2Vi31KB, ed.baia Stpl=baiita) that he brought a sieve 
and sifted the sand. Snh. 39 a lilrtaiapl Ms. M. (ed. 
Sono. lilb 'ita itpl, oth. ed. liib lino) and shook them. 

Ithpe. baiiN (=yaiSttVK) to be shaken. Hull. 49 a tama 
Vail itltt it was shaken down (by the movements of 
the animal). [Targ. fen?.] 

'vtosr$, n^n, .^1? m.oi« l omp.™i«) 

we* teorfc,' sieve. B. Mets. 26 b ; Snh.39 a , v. preced— Mace. 
20 b xVaiita (Ms. M. iaisa); Snh. 89 b 'jta'.snan blast 
ate dates out of the sieve, i. e. did a harmless thing. — 
Targ. Amos IX, 9 i6aiS.— V. VitbaiS. 

"vlinN m. (bails; I) a native or resident of Arbel, 
Arb'eMte'. lb. I, 6.— Pi. T^a-lit. Gen. E. s. 19, beg.; cmp. 
Koh. R. to I, 18— [Tosef. Par. XII (XI), 16 'Xrt IBIS, v. 
next w.]— Fem. n^Slit. T. Peah VII, 20 a bot.; T. Sot. 
I, 17*;. IX, 24 b bot. 'X riito one S'ah of Arbelite wheat, 
[lb.. IV, end, 19 d top itaisa fillM itaplS la T31 Arbeli, 
supposed to be a place in Babylon. The entire sentence 
is spurious both from Mar Ukba's title of Rabbi as well 
as from comparison with Keth. 60 b .] 

"\rp$> m. (aiitl) coarse weft, opp. to yrme fine flax 
woo£ Parah XII, 8 'it blB UJ13 (Var. 'jail) the spindle.used 
for, spinning coarse material; [Tosef. ib. XII (XI) 16 ma 
"baiitri the spindle used at Arbel; cmp, Koh. R. to I, 18 
s. v. iaiiti]. 

wsn* v. Mivitt. 

n^"lpSib<, v. hsaiit. 
2?3~l!!< four, v. itsaisti a. nsaiit. 
^SQlM couching, v. nsaiitfl. ,, 



HS?]!"!^ I m., saiit f. (b. h.) four (frequently represent- 
ed by T '1)i Hag. 14 b '31 IbSSi 'it four men entered into 
theosophieal speculation; a. fr, — Constr. waist followed 
by singul. Y.Ber. I,2 C Va nsai&MpVa rWaiSt; Y. Yoma 
IH, beg. 40 b ; (cmp.Gen.E.s. 50).— PI. d^SSIS ('») f ort V- 
Sabb. VII, 2 nfiit IbM 'it thirty. nine.— Mace. I, 1, a. fr. 
'it nplb receives forty (thirty nine) lashes; v. ib. HI, 10. 

Wins m., 93nfc* f.ch.same. Targ.O.Gen.XIV,9; 
a.fr.— Constr. a) HSaiit" Targ. Y. ibid— b) isaiit, Tls'aiS 
Sabb. 73* (omitting the object numbered); a. fr. — Targ. 
Y. Num. II, 3; a. fr— Y. Gitt. V, 46 d top i?vns*1 "TOaiit 
four denars — Stnsalit, ittwaiit m. the fourth (day of the 
week). Gen. R.'s. 11; Pesik'.R. s. 23, beg. Ibid. p. 120 a 
ed. Pr. ifSaiit, ed. Prag itmsaiit. Ibid. p. 115>> rttWalip 
on Wednesday.— PI. 'psaiK forty. Targ. Gen. V, 13; a. 
fr.— Snh. 26 b rV*nsa 'it forty (lashes) rest on his shoul- 
ders, i. e. he is punishable (v. preced.) ; a. fr. — IDTaifct, 
iTDSSlit, lit? Saiit fourteen, fourteenth. Targ. Y. Gen, 
XIV, 5 ilbTalia; ' a. fr. Meg. 2 b 'ita on the fourteenth 
of Adar. Sabb!98 b — Mitl&aiit the fourteenth. Targ. I Chr. 
XXIV, 13. 

*fiS3"W II f. (sai) couching. Targ. Is. VII, 25; 
LXV, lV'it hTa (Var. JtsaiK, KWai) couching place (for 
animals). 

arpssna, a^ana, nwanx, v. «*■«. 

NFQHN, &*2~lltf f. (an*, h. nais, b. h. .. diais pi.) 
[the thickly interwoven,'] willow. Pes. 11 l b 'itl kVib Ms. 
M., Ar. (v. Rabb.D.S.a.l.; ed. '§) the shade of a willow- 
tree.— Pi itnaiit. Sabb.20 b (Ar.' itriitaist ; Mss. '?). [Gitt. 
6 a ; Kidd. 72 a '31 itaiit the second willow after crossing 
the bridge; v., however, itaiit I.] V. StaiSI, II a. SttjaiS. 

»i~l£S, constr. Slitm. (v. Ml, h. SIS) something desirable, 
. . 'iTlaiU the choicest of . . . Targ. Ps. XLV, 14. Targ. 
Y. Gen. XL V, 18. 

3TS (b. h.; j/18, v. aiit; cmp. SIM) to plait, braid, 
«>eaw. T Sabb.VII,2 aiistn he who weaves on the Sabbath; 
a. fr. — Metaph. (cmp. iia) to argue, conclude, spin out, 
deduct &c. Ruth R., Par. 2, beg. (play on or'gim II Sam. 
XXI, 19) they brought a subject up BSliit itlill and he 
carried it to a conclusive decision. Ib. las "pllii* Witt) 
they argued with him. — ^Num. R- s. 4 (play on argaman, 

purple) 'ai ja i'ilit nih stTltt) for it (the purple-covered 

altar) argued Israel free from sin (pleaded in his behalf). 
Ib. s. 12 (same play on the word) '31 51164 SliTl and He 
wove (planned) the world so that all creatures should 
come forth each according to its kind. Ib. '(Q 'it the Sun 
weaves (ripens) food. 

Nif. Sliti to be woven. Y. Ter. XI, end, 48 b . Ex. R. 
s. 50; a. fr.' 

*Pi. *y», part.. Slita (emp.nsilis). to follow the 
grooves of the garden bed, to range, esp. to select the 
green and tender onions (v. pbr Hif.). Tosef. Peah I,. 9 
Slitan, quoted in Y. ib. Ill, 17<= top Slliafl u (corr. ace. ; 
v. Ml^a) a. explained ibid, 'al p^bnaii ;he who ; takes 



ms 



out the green onions for sale and leaves the others to 
ripen for storage. 

J"1$ ch. same. Snh. 48 b '31 ■ TSS 'itl and where they 
weave a garment (directly) for a corpse. 

^IflN, y. 11WK. 

TiiHlStf l)-pr.n.m. (b.h.asi«) Argob. Targ. II Kings 
XV, 25.-2) v. s«isn&. 

, frOS-lipl^ m. (^h.h.ub^) Oiblean (v. bna); master- 
mason. : PI. 'jtftaTSnx. Targ. I Kings V, 32 (h. text trtSS) 
IIKings XH, T 13 (h. text tomb). Cmp. bb^n&t. 

(also 'i)i . . .)=b. h. T lDanst purple (garment). Ban. V, 7: 
a. e.— Targ. Ex. XXV, Y;' a. e.— Tain. 32? 'itn b pU3^ purple 
garments.— Prb^lljn'it. Pesik, E. s. 33.— nirnsnjt. Lam. 
E. to III, 19 maib 'it fine purple dresses (for females). 

1^, ^l^/v.'ll^. 

I-Hltf m. (b. h.; r. init with format, t; cmp. itan.it) 
ftocc, cftest (joined with tenons &c). Num. K. s. 4; Hor. 
12 a ; a. e. — Snh. 46 b fca&or (to bury, cover) might mean 
only '31 ,'X nasn Ms. F. a. Ar. (Var, Sns, ed. Tinx) one 
makes a chest and puts the corpse in. [Pr. n. pi. v. 
Npsnit.] 

S^^HsS f. (m) provocation, evil deed. Targ. Ezek. 
XX, 2Ypi^^1p 'it (prob. to be corr. SWaniS, v. next wj. 



. Targ. I Kings XXI, 



22; XV, 30. 

D^'QSnSS! m. (Ipjaxr^i) working man, common laborer. 
Y'lamd. Korah (quot. in Ar.) 'it iniit MIDST (read "TllS) and 
made me (Korah) a working man (Num. VII, 9); Tanh. 
ed. Bub. Korah, p. 96 "YIN. 

raia, arm np3n& (win) pr. n. P i. ^, 

4»^i0a'(pnN T Schr. KGF T 228; Eragiza, Ptol. V, 15, 14; 
modern Razek, Koh. Ar. s'. v.). Sabb.l9 b ; Erub. 63 a JKrYin 
'SI Ms. M. a. oth. (v. Babb. D. S. a. 1. notes, ed. Minn) 
Hadta (Newtown) [Harta] near Ar. [Eashi: Argiz, pr. 
n. m. the builder of the town.] Gitt. 7 a HWiit,. 'it 13. 
Zeb. 18 b Winx (Ms. M. ifllSit, Ms. B. SWijnst, OTS1K, 
Ms. K. JfWlK; v. Babb. D. S. a. 1.). 

"pttTlN, "jlttWlN, read l^llJinit, **$&* 
q. v. 

*OW, v. ftms. 

N^K. ^^, n ^"^ m. pi. (4p Y aX E ta, 
xa) tools,' implements. 'Ex. B.s.'40J beg. Lev. B. s. 23; 
T. Succ. IV, 54 c top ; Cant. B. to IV, 8 '=1 'it Wl iWl 
itself (the brick) and all the implements for making it. 
[Y'lamd. B'haaloth., quot. in Ar. 'it "to implements of 



TQaTIN m. (b. h.) ; purple-dye, purple garment. , Sabb. 
90 a . Kef. XXVH, 12; a. fr.; cmp. IllfW, . 

Tpniydb, v. next w., a. &iDl»init. ,.,-.•. 

•yevxapia, arg'entarium) silver-case, plate, table service (of 
silver or gold). Pesik. Bahod. p. 106 b faH*\» Ar. Var. 
CpBSlli* ed. Koh.; ed. 'piO'VlSX) ; Yalk. Ex. 271 ■'pB'WlK 
(cmp. versions ibid. a. Ar. s. v., in order to arrive at a 
correct reading of the whole passage). Y. Peah VIII, 21 b 
■pUSSit, "pniDSSnit (corr. ace.).: Esth. B. to I, 4 ' SiTBIilK, 
ifvve>it55nit (corr. ace). 

q^britf (Dtaojia, ehtib'njN) m. (a PT i- 

<jt?]<;) the brightening, epithet of various winds (cmp. 
Tttbit); West-North-West, West-South-West. Num. B. s.13 
'31 'it fill Niaa "flit I shall cause'to pass over the world 
an argestes in which both winds (the Northern and the 
Southern) shall do service;: Cant. B. to IV, 16 ''SIS; Lev, 
E. V. 9 SBbWK ;. Ar, Var. DiD&nSit. 

*p"T r l!2W"lN Koh. B. to XI, 9, v. iweoit. 

*"j1l5"l^ (read l,inisn!*) m. (SpT/opQM) a small silver 
coin, also called miUiarium. Y. Peah VIII, 21 a top na^ai 
'31 provided you do not refuse him his customary arg- 
yron (the beggar's penny) ; v. B. Bath. 9 a . 

TIN Y. Sot. II, 18 a top, read nnit q. v. 

&WHN I m. (Syr. itnns, v. Low Pfl.p.303) mushroom, 
morel. Keth.61 a Ar. (ed. i-nit pi.)— PI. tX*t% ^X. Pes. 
U9 b *)> vfhrnn Ar. (ed. ^^x, ^T^h "^T^ Ms - 
"b*ftX, v.Babb.D.S. a. 1. note')'; Y. ib. X, end, T 37^ 1^115 
(read ^"IS or ^> ip&). Ber. 47 a SfniK Ar. (ed. a, Ms. 
5t^"iSt). Ab. Zar. 38 a T18. 

5^1 jS^II prefix of Persian proper nouns, Arda. — 
Gitt. 14 b ' their names are bewildering ©iia . * . StJs^iNI 'it 
beginning with Arda-, and Arta-, and Phile-. * 

I'TIN, ^^"l^ f. (oipTapT), Syr. Nai^N, taahs) 
Artaba, a Persian and Egyptian dry measure (v.Zuckerm. 
Jiid. Masse p. 47; Sm. Ant. s. v.). B. Mets 80 b 8tyrW> % 
Ar. (ed. a^lit) an Artaba is an unreasonable additional 
load for a small boat called Arebah. Erub. 102 a Ar. (ed. 
xaiTiit, v. Babb. D. S. a. 1. note 20). 

&^2Tl^v.'^. 

bD^TllS, bDTliJ; oh.form«'bS"iWK( ft l , 1«)in,..ferpb. 
from a place or country, cmp. s'baia'ix) artist, artisan 
(v. P. Sm. 370 s. v., a. derivat.) esp. architect, 'key-stone- 
setter. B. Mets. 118 b 'tib . . . i&Oa (ed. TW) wheij the 
builder has handed the key-stone over to the architect 
(to set it). Y. ib. X, end, 12 c ' VbTlK. Gen. E.'s. 8 "IN; 
ib. s. 27 "IK.— PI. V^-WSt. Targ. II Sam. V, 11 (la,, text 
lip pit ittm); a.e.— Erub.26 a '?nN Ar. (Ms.M.'%?nitn; 
ed. 'nil*).— it^3innit Targ. Ps. CXVIII, 22.; a. e... '■■■'■.■'. . 



^<T^ m - (<Jimin. of STlSI q. v.).— PL iVws, 

bDT)N, v. te*r«*- 

" l "l£H"lN Targ. Y. Gen. XXX, 87' '81 XlVi, a corrup- 
tion; prob. 'pa'iS'll nil, y. fra-ism. 

^S'TlN, "OBVlN m, ch.=h. l^SWri; v. \sttpri. 
Targ. x". I, n Ex! XV ,~25. 

DDpIlN, read BbpTiit or 

^P|?U"^ P r - n - P 1 - Artaxata, or Artaxiata, capital 
of Great Armenia. T. Erub. Ill, beg. 20 c . Bab. ib. 29 a 
^^Tl? ed. (Ms. M. b-'R&TO, Var. blpbTlS, bpT(9, v. 
Rabb. 'D. S. a. 1. note). Tosef. ib. IX (VI), 4 bpbYtt, 
(Var. blpbTlS, ^p.0*T-l5>). 

"YwTlS pr. n. pi. Ardjir, formerly Seleucia, near 
Ctesiphon.' Gitt. 6 a 'St ia. Erub. 57 b . B.Bath.52 a , v. Tvtflin. 
Yeb. 37 b 1165^15="?^, sub. TWiri; Toma 18 b Clflll 

TIN C"i«; v. lis, cmp. ^q) fo/, JeAota. Dan. VII, 6; 
7; 13." 

iTfiTN f. (b. h. ITz'iS, ais) opening, whence 1) aw 
aperture in the roof looking to the ground floor (a.mw st- 
ing to the Greek hypaithron, Roman compluvium), con- 
trad. fr. vfefi agarretwindow in the wall projecting above 
the flat roof. Bets. V, 1 (3g b ); cmp. Rashi a. 1. Nidd. 20 b 
'S3 SalbS like a blind man finding his way down from 
the arubbah, i.e. hitting the truth by chance. Ohol. X, 1 ; 
a.fr. — PL mails. Ib. 4 sq.; a. e. — 2) the opening panel 
of folding doors. — PL as supra. Toma 76 a . [Sabb; 43 a ; 
153 b ; Kel. XV, 2 read with Ar. mails.] 

H|TN f, (518) web, matting. Y. Succ. I, end, 52 c 
fiSSB '8 a mat (of twigs &c. for covering the festive 
booth) that became unclean. 

' •O^Mi-fl*, TW3JT1N m. (dpwrmfrn)* «*• 
§ai[A<ov) ^e^jper o/ 1 sailors, Arogbnautes, a demon. Gen. 
R. s. 63; Y. Ter. VIII, 46° top; Yalk. Gen. 110, variously 
corrupted TWiTlS, TiBiSiSIS, ^BiJSIS, bilB^M!*. 

NTN, pi. sm-is, m-is, v. s^is Ch. 

Tfl&f, N1T]N m. mule, v. 1*W. 

. iTHN f. (b. h.; v. KJ7I8 II) manger, crib.— PL nivis.' 
Snh.^K' 

TlTN pr. n. pi. .4radws on the Phoenician coast. 
Gen. R.'s. 37 (to 4«;a<M, Gen. X, 18). 

"'NTYnN m. pi. (preced.) Aradeans. Targ. O. Gen. 
X, 18 (Targ. T. II ^"■p'T'BaS; I "W&Blb, Var. in Targ. 
I Chr. I, 16 ''SMbTj). " 



nwtin, v. w?^. 

N5TN. m. rice, v. sn 



*ND"n"]N, ND1TJN m. (a transpos. of ifTOSS, 
XIB&itf&aJfcr (Rashi). ' [Ar. cAaiw, Perl. Et. St. p. 21= 
PerV. arvis rope.} Yeb. 46 a '31 Ills IT* Wi Ar. ed. Koh. 
(ed. "'TIS, Ar. ed. STW1K) they put a halter around his 
neck (to prevent him from claiming his liberty). 

SjTlNm.fpl*) l)hng,tall,forting;v.mim.—2)(=1\r,2-, ' 
cmp. ^"is) well-arranged, well-balanced, thinker, a title 
of prominent scholars; cmp. ^"nst a. sa^it. [In legend 
intellectual eminence was identified with physical tall- 
ness.] Nidd.24 b Vina 'it arukh (the tallest) in his gener- 
ation. Kidd. 39 b '8 iVlSlt) bVl9 the world in which all is 
well-balanced (also called aiB *ttffi) i. e. *e hereafter.— 
PL d-W-iX. Yoma71 a 'it bm long life; a.fr.— Eem.rians. 
Ber. I, 4 'it hfiS one lengthy (benediction) ; a. fr.— Y. 
Hor.II,46 d 'ta by the long road, slowly; Shebu. 18 ab .— 
PL niSIIS. Y. Ber. II, 5 C top, a. e. M13p1 '8 long and 
short roads, i. e. in all directions. V. next art. 

NDTN, v. sa-jsiii. 

!"DT)Nl f. 1) fern, of Tj1"iit.— 2) (noun) long board, 
longslde of bedstead, bedside, 'succ. 15 b b">sns TiiBl 'it 
the long bedside with its two knees (supporters); 16 a . — 
PL mails. Ib.I,8 (Var. mails, v.Rabb. D. S. ib. ad 15 a , 
note 1); Sabb. 43 a ; ib. XXHI, 5 (151 b ) fiBBfi 'it (some 
ed. mans, corr. ace.).— [Kel. XV, 2 bialhtTJ bv 'it Ar. 
Var. the long ranging boards used by the bakers: Maim.; 
the prevailing versions are mails or m'a^it; Tosef. B. 
Mets. V,4 hiailS, (Var. millit) basins or moulds in which 
loaves or cakes are shaped. — Var. Ar. m'S^S.] 

. !"DT)Nll f. (b. h. rWftt, MSIS; -p8, v. Ges. H.Bict. 
s. v.) the web of new flesh or skin on a healing wound, 
healing, 'it rtbsh to produce a new cover, be restored. 
Hull. 77 a ; 125 a ; B. Kam. 91 b . 

DTlSS! i) v. ^s.— 2) v. bTis. 

NDTlN pr. n. pi. Aruma. Erub. 51 b ed., Ms. M. 
Sail q. v. 

nNUTllSt m.ch. Roman. K.^sains. Gitt. I7 a ; cmp. 
flSB^liJ. T 

"'DllN m. h. same. PL brails. Gitt. 17 a ; v. tfist, 

isns! 

1"h&$ c. (b. h.; f\H or i-U*, lAlS, cmp. ISIS, S31S, 
na^lS &c.) [joined together,] chest, box, coffin, freq. 
(=lt)'ii|5)n 'pis) the Holy Ark, in the tabernacle and the 
Temple, or in Synagogues. Yoma V, 1 'S^i Wlto reached 
the place where the Ark stood during the Eirst Temple. 
Y.Ber.IV,8 c top; Gen.R.s.55 (allegorical etymologies). — 
Keth. 104 a lB'ilprt 'S (figuratively) a good and learned 
man's soul; v. is-is— Kel. XII, 5 mbVti *>li) 'S the grits- 
dealer's chest. Y.Kil. IX, 32 b top; Gen. R. s* 100 Srim 



'31 (HSlpS) fiaipJ "Wi* let my coffin be perforated at 
the bottom. Snh. 98 b ' '31 '81 'X ^>3 ^ ^S there is no 
coffin in Palestine in which the Median horses do not eat 
straw (being used as cribs); a. fr.— P/. rwilK. Sot. 13 a ; 
a. fr. [Y. Keth. TI, 30 d bot. -pIKl, v. ^«I.] 

WllN (HDlUS;) ch. same. Targ. Ex. XXV, 10; 
a. fr. T Targ. GenTi, 26 (coffin).— Y. Meg. Ill, 73 d bot. the 
curtain 'K3 1* is over the ark containing the scrolls is as 
sacred as the ark itself. Y. Ber. II, 5 C bot. XpBS STW!* 
his coffin was carried out for burial. 

' "Oiiis;, "Oioa »• p 1 - (p r ° b ' p 1 - ° f w ' , " i!,< > s ° ° aiied 

from closing and opening like chests) name of certain 
plants growing in marshes and closing their leaves at 
nightfall. Sabb. 35 b 1J1N 11M jrta5&G 13115* Siaia Ms. M. 
(ed. iStflS S"N iS-fflJ . . . .; v. Babb. D. S. a. 1., Ar. Wl, 
Var. "Wis, Bashi ed. Sonc, Asheri a. B. Niss. early ed. 
"0X1K) in the desert you recognize the entrance of the 
Sabbath (on a cloudy day) by the ravens, in marsh-land 
you look out for arone. 

a^i-ia, v. ^. 
n^ins, v. mi-ws. 

"'pilliS, v. iplSIK. 
DllSSt, v. M*V*tf, II. 

to™, v. kw' ? *. 

^blTS, pb^T 1 ^ m: pi. (SIX) betrothal, prelimi- 
nary act of marriage, answering to theBoman sponsalia; 
promise in marriage, disting. fr. pKWiS, or fl&iSD, mar- 
riage proper, the latter consisting in conducting the bride 
to the groom's permanent (or improvised) home. [The 
betrothal carries with it almost all the legal consequences 
of marriage, excepting some modifications mostly of a 
civil (pecuniary) character, and is, according to Talmudic 
usage, preceded by a benediction ('&t fo'iS), while the 
act itself is performed by the bride-groom (or his man- 
datary) delivering into the hands of the bride (or her 
mandatary, or her father, if she be a minor) an object 
representing any value not below the smallest coin 
(P'rutah), whereby the purpose of the delivery is stated 
and assented to by acceptance.] Keth. I, 2 'Xh "]a ttSa'blK 
a widow whose betrothed died before marriage proper. 
Ib.V, 1; a.fr. Yeb.43 a , a.fr. '» H11S& the repast follow- 
ing the betrothal. — Metaph.of the relation between Israel 
and God, covenant. Ex. B. s. 15, end; a.e. 

fcwj^rw, v. Krjfls'i. 

fcnTl&t, Y. Shek. II, end, 47 a WO^S SOH&O,' v. tiTlX. 

■nru*, ainriN, v. ^. 

5~lN ( yis, v. 11X; cwp. tin) 1) to penetrate deeply, 
to take deep root. — 2) to be prickly, dry, hard. Sabb. I55 a 



"inxi I'm Zirin are called bundles of twigs which are 
hard, lb. 'K1 'pSttJ; [oth. opin., v. xnx]. Denom. Stt"ffl!S, 
MIIK, a. next ws. 

H!S! m.(b.h.) cedar. Tam.III,5 'IStisIB of cedar wood.— 
PI. 6in». B.Hash.23 a ; Taan.25 b ; a. e.— Metaph. prom- 
inent men, scholars. Sabb. I18 b I planted 'X i-roah 
five cedars (begot five sons who acquired renown). M, 
Kat. 25 b v. 3iw. 



Km ch. 1) s 
Zar.l4 a . E. Hash. 2 
Num. XXIV, 6; a.< 



Targ. Lev. XIV, 4; a. e.— Ab. 

.e.— PI. Tnx, s;ns, "his. Targ. 

. Ab. Zar. HI, 42= top. Sabb. 157 a . 
'ttl 131& "jiTit Zirin means twigs 



of cedars (Bashi XnXI); [oth. opin. v. V!!*].— 2) pr. 
pi. '& bft Tel Arza (Cedar-Hill), in Palestine, scene of 
massacres during the Bar Kokhba war. Yeb. XVI, 7.— 
3) pr. n. m. Arza. Tam. Vn, 3 'it p: Shek. V, 1 WKrt; 
Tosef. ib. II, 14. 

D^IDn^ f. (cmp. SOini*) arz'bonith, a species of 
locusts; cmp. »;aWlS a. tOWnS. Sifra Sh'mini Par. Ill, 
ch. 5; Hull. 65 a miani-t. 



jn«, v. » 



&G15~)N m. (=«nsnx) hammer.— PI. TsiTiK. Targ. 
I Kings VI, 7. 

■jinN, v. ttjk. 

SJO^lTlSS, v. ^nx.— ■'W-in, v. x^nint. 

^Pa m. (prob. plur. of nx) Joa;, cte£ (for collect- 
ing bone T s)~ Tosef. Snh. IX, 8 (ed. Zuck. 111X3, Var. yrtlKa). 
Treat. S'mah. ch. XII 'SO Kap&ta (one word inserted 
by a glossator to explain the other). Ib. fiYO (corr. 
ace). [Tur Y. D. Abeluth 403: dins.] 

m. (diinin. of SIS, KDIS) cratWe, hammock for watchmen 
in gardens. Targ. Ib. 1,8; XXIV, 20 (h. ilJlta).— Brub. 25 b 
"IS 13 XI-OSI Ar. (ed.'IlK; Bashi "HIS; Tosaf.'&IS) the 
roof of the shed has the shape of a cradle, i. e both sides 
slanting towards the centre. 

"^•J)"?^ m> P 1 - (' v - tWlSt ?• Sm. 374, cmp. SiSffilS 
Neub. T Ge"ogr. p. 396) of Arzomia. Taan. 24 b >«1 iSIK Ar. 
(ed. NJitlBI fBil-ll; Ms. M. iSttin&l) ships of the Arza- 
nians. Pern. ♦sttr^St'TK. Git. 70 a 'X 'pBTl Arzanian wheat 
(of a large size). 

NFE)'~I&<I f. (an) hammer. Targ. Judg.IV, 26.— Gitt. 
56 b . Meg. 25 a (Ms, «Bfit*xa). 

^Sn^IlC^nS^) f. (v. Sfit, a. i.?S?1^5in; 
cmp. L6w| Prl. p. 320)'Aj(peWcMW (barbatum), St. John's 
wort, a plant, said to be fatal to cattle. B. Kam. 47 b 
ISO Ar. a. Ms, H. (Var. SSTin, v. Koh. Ar.; ed. "1BK) 



.:rn« ■ 



^;a* 



under 'poison' is meant arzafta which may also be called 
pere (fruit, produces of the earth).: B. Bath. 20 a "'IX Ar. 
(Ms'. 'IX, changed into 'SX as ed.). Cmp..!|B b <Hn. : 

■H^ 0>- &•; V^S, 'V,"riK) 1) to go through; y.'m-ix. 
—2) to £o outside, to travel. .Part." mist q. v.— Denom. 
nrtopath.: 

Pi, rntt (Denom. of mis)- to" receive a guest, to lodge. 
Ber. 63 b mxari. Y. Ab. Zar. I, 39 c bot. ..imixV '.- 

Hithpa., a. Nithpa. msthn,, mxro to 6e received, be 
the guest of. Sabb. 13 b a. fr. Y. Hall. IV, 60 a 'Xfta 

■ -*?> "H^ cn - same, esp. to to&e lodging. Targ. 
Jud. XIX, .17. T [mx, xmx Yoma 82 b , a. e., Af. of rm.] 

JR%>e. mxi-ix, contr. mrix ;to AeeW as a stranger, 
sojourn. Targ.' Y. Deut. 1,6; v. IfiX. 

^nH&J, ^H"'^ m - (Pieced.) traveler, guest. Targ. 
II Sam. XII, 4.— [Y. Ber. I, 2 d top Vt XViX xm'X Wirt xi, 
oth. ed. xmx, read X^hB with oth. ed.].— J?, ^mx, 
Th-iix. Y. Peah VIII, end*, 21 b , (read as) Y. Shek. V, end, 
49 b 'x mi HIST he had guests. [xmx ^att, v. fctmix.] 

fctrjTS lath, v. xrmx.— •pmx, v. rmx. 

NI2 J« prefix of Pers. proper nouns, ^Irto-. Gitt. 14 b , 

v. x^x n. 

"jlSEDK, 1*QBTK Yoma ll»; Yalk. Deut. 844; 
Sam. 124— perh. a corruption of 'J'ismo (a Jewish) <H6w- 
«ms; cmp. b'WD'iX. [Or pr. n.?] 

W'HOniA, v. x^aa-ix. 

"WDinitf Targ. Esth. VIII, 10 Levita, v. i!jWS. 

. 1Dta"1i<, ^DEflN pr. n. m. Artaban (IV), the last 
Parthian king, friend of E. Judan han-Nasi. Y. Peah 
I, 15 d bot.; Gen. E. s. 35; Yalk. Deut. 844; Prov. 934.— V. 

■pllit. 

a^triis, aowjs, *wi™, wsitm' 

pr. n. pi. Artabania (named after Artaban, v. preced.), 
near "Pumbeditha. Erub. 51 b (Var. lect., v. Babb. D. S. a. 1.). 

P M^TSTtf Yalk. Esth. 1053, read SimanBD or "TOtt* 

(Esth. B. to in, i wsisiib, read 'a^a; v.'.YYaanx)/ ' ':'. 

ojpma, v. e?W t. 
bia^(p^b^j;v. rW i^. : 

*owix, pita&ia, owna, ek. b. s. is 

D3M 'XI, read: Siairia biii aall fNl but no juice enters 

into it, oi iapa mn xii nsis iffl iai s-iibss -p so was 
Pharaoh's heart made and it received not &c. ; v. Ter. 

X, 11. :.."'■'' 

iSDj^I0"IN m.(otpT6xQit04)M:er,'xma&afery. Midr. 
Sam.ch.XIX"litt!'Xma(Var.p&lpimx q.v.) a rendition 



of bethhallahmi, I Sam. XVI, 1) to his (Jesse's) bakery, 
"SI X3 Xlttffi (read with Yalk. Sam'. 124 '31 Xia^ XVll) and 
he (Jesse) shall come out (to the bakery) from Bethlehem 
(to meet Samuel there); Yalk. 1. c. 'jXSpS'iX, 'SIX (corr. ace). 

"HsK, D'HNi (y. next w. ; cmp. *I1X) prop, behold, in 
j most cases corresponding to b. h. i?, that, so that, be- 
: cause, if ; but. Targ. 0. "'"iX ; T,arg. Y. tallX;. v. fr. 

I "HStfl, ^~l5S! (.l/"ist, cmp. **ii) prop, to point, throw, 

hence (in a logical sense) to argue, question, discuss, treat. 

i B. Kam. 30 b iis "pi-iX Xpla Ar. (ed. pn^Jt, v. infra) 

since we pointed out the law about the dung placed in 

I the street as an argument against Bab. Keth. 16 a ,i a.fr. 

rib iixp 'iXB hi ilitpll and he who raised the question, 

I how could he raise it at all, i. e. the answer being so 

! obvious, what must have been the impression he labored 

| under, that he could ask such a question, or raise such 

an argument?— Y.Keth. VI, 30 d bot. ynfctl W lap TWif 

the heirs should rise and raise objections (go to, law). 

Af. i-Y^K same. Ned. 2 b yina *'t"& be does treat 
thereof.— Pes. 6 b , a.fr. -a il^XI ff^H incidentally of 
treating the question of... Kerith.l4 a , a.fr. (inx 13X3) 
i^a Xp the argument is up (about one limb). B. Kam. 
30 b 'p'niist ^S when we raised the objection (taking our 
argument from 'the dung', v. supra), it was before B. N. 
had given his opinion ; a. fr. — Deriv. X^*1X. 

"HX, (TIN (b. h.; Y'Mt, v. mx) [to create a gap,] 
to pluck, esp. figs. Shebi.1,2 'SVmifeth the gatherer and 
his basket. B. Mets.89 b day laborers 'b^xna )-rft» lihttJ 
Ar. (ed. TVO; v. Babb. D. S. a. 1. note 300) engaged in 
picking figs. Y. B. Bath. V, 15 a bot-; a. fr.— Num. B. 
s. 20 Tanh. Bal. 4 (homiletic etymology of arah, Num. 
XXII, ■ 6). 

"HNiIIj ^."}^ m. (b.h.; ii», v. preced.) [the light- 
colored] 1) lion.' B. Kam. 16 b tiffin 'X a tamed lion; 
a. fr. — Transf. brave man; distinguished scholar (opp. 
isittJ). Yeb.l22 b . Kidd.48 b ;Snh.8 b . Gitt.83 b ;Y.ib.IX,50 a 
'31 'X!l nx ^aiffla ^X you must not argue against a lion 
(scholar) after he is dead. B. Kam. 117 a ; a. fr— PI. 
nifis. — 'xi 35t a tail to lions, i. e. the least among the 
great (opp. head to foxes). Ab. IV, 15; Y. Snh. IV, 22 b 
bot.— Hull. 3 b , a. fr. 'X ^TO, v. IS.— [Gen. B. s. 28 W1B&5 'X, 
v. X'iDba.]— 2) Leo, Lion the fifth sign of the Zodiac (cor- 
resp' to the month of Ab). Yalk. Ex. 418. Pesik. Dibre 
p. 116 a ; Pesik. E. s. 27 (28, p. 133 b , ed. .Fr.); v.'iit^St.— 
3) homiletic surname of the Lord, Israel &c. Pesik. 1. c.; 
Pesik. E. 1. c. ; Yalk. Jer. 259, v. ix^X. 

"H& iTT» (tf]T$) oh ' same - Tar «- Num. XXIV, 
9; a." fr.— B. k'ets. 101 b , a. e., v. aiX. Ned. 62 b ifTliaxi 
'X to drive the lion off, i. e^ to get rid of the tax- 
collector.— Shebu. 22 b , a. fr. (lis yffft Xin 'X a lion lies 
on it, i. e. it is unavailable because it is forbidden. — 
Ab. Zar. 31 b , a. e. 'X 13 son of a lion (of a great man). 
—Hull. 59 b the tiger is "wiiS "ffi 'X the lion of the forest 
of Ilai (v. Schorr He-Haluts VII, 32 ; cmp. Koh. Angelol. 
p. 103).— PI. KrYj^g, l^nx. Targ.IGhroh.XI,22; a.fr.— 



=T!!$ 



Lam. E. to I, 9) 8hH1181'8 the lions of the Law (scholars). 
Y. Shehi. IX,39 a top. Y. Sabb. I, 4 a top '8 VS. 8UJ11 ibsa 
to put one's head between lions, i. e. to argue against 
the opinions of great men. [Yalk. Num. 771 '81 iXrai, v. 

argument, topic,' subject. Kerith. 3 b '31 181 !lini13 iaa 
in speaking of K'rithoth, where this (the punishment of 
extinction) is the subject proper, I may say, the general 
term of Sabbath &c. is introduced (relying on those places 
in the Mishnah where the respective laws are treated 
in detail). Yoma 74% a. fr. '8 8b 8h DllBa 18 were it only 
for this, there would be no argument (no difficulty). 
Kerith. 1 8 a , a. fr. '31 13 '8 18a why is the argument brought, 
up only on the presumption (that he has eaten? Supposed, 
he had not eaten, would not the same argument hold 
good ?). Sabb. 1 01 a , a. fr. 'X T*u is this an argument (i. e. 
how can you compare two cases so unlike each other)? 



bur 



N'HNl (b. h.) Ariel, Divine Light (cmp.Ps.CXVIII, 
27,v.i18II); poeticsurname oftheTemple and Jerusalem. 
Pesik. Dibre p. 116 a . Pesik. E. s. 27 (28, p. 133 b , ed. Tr.) 
mi8 Klpaffl matt (read b8i18) the Temple which is called 
Ariel (Is. XXIX, 1). lb. b8i18 81piffi! b81ffli (read IH18); 
b8i18 81p51» aira (read 1H18); b8i18 bill 11131 (read 
ST«1»; Num. XXIII, 24; Amos III, 8);. v. H.118. 

XHi& m. (ai8) something woven, web. Sabb. XIII, 1 ; 
a. fr. 'yT M. Kat. Ill, end, 83 d , what is meant by iini8? 
Ans. S1183 when it looks as if woven. Meg. 26 b , a. e. 
'8b lilts spinning the flax so as to prepare it. for weav- 
ing (indirect preparation or designation); Snh. 48 a illB 
fiii18b, (Bashi ai18b). 

nj"H!tf f. (v. preced.) weaving. Y. Yoma III, 40 c bot. 
U511p3 fnail8 their weaving must take place within the 
sanctuary. Snh. 48 a , v. preced. 

*V7$? Y - ''"I*!.— iflS Y. Snh. X, 28 d , v. 11118. 

TlFTHN (prob. corruption of tti18) pr. n. pi. Cant. 
E. to II, 17 (ref. to Itts ilh: ibid, 'mountains of cutting') 

'8 ins niisban ibunB us (not ibnuu, v. Matt. Keh.. a.i.) 

that the (Roman) governments may receive (their pay 
for) the massacre of Ar. (cmp. Joseph. B. J. Ill, 10, 9 sq. 
or perh. ref. to the Bar Kokhba war; cmp. ms&ia, Tp 
yiSaffl a. oth. Y. Taan. IV, 69 a sq.). 

Sjl'HN! pr. n. m. (Gen. XIV, 1) Aryokh, 1) homiletic 
surname of Nebuzraddan. Lam. E, to V, 5 (allusion to 
118).— 2) (cmp, Dan. II, 14) Aryokh, a title of Samuel, 
the contemporary of Eab.. Sabb.53 a . Kidd.39 a . Men.38 b . 
Hull. 76 b (prob. a Persian adaptation for judge). ., 






:.*Di^ i pr..n: 

Deut. 802. 

,^t2&Tn^,'v.iaeins.:.- : 



: Deut. 13; Yalk. 



n" 1 ")!^ m,(ni8) l)bond-timber, also smallbricks, which 
are placed at intervals between the rows of bricks (v. 
8m, Ant. s. v. Paries II); lath (of half the width of a 
brick). Erub. I, 3; B. Bath. 3 b ; a. e.—Pl. TtH1«. Y. 
Erub. I, 19 a top lims (corr. ace.). — 2) ariah, a term 
used in rules for writing certain passages of Holy Sraipt- 
ures metrically arranged, the short space filled out with 
writing, opp. Iiaab (brick, the larger space); v. E. Niss. 
to Meg. 16 b ; [Eashi: '8 the writing, rt53b the blank). Y. 
Meg. Ill, 74 b bot.; Bab. ib. 1. c; Treat. Sof'rim XII, 10 
'31 'b i"$ '8 small brick (lath) above brick, and brick 
above small brick (lath); e. g. (Ex. ch. XV) 
bis ... winsa is-. -ib muss lasb iia8ii 

ib Mil ni man its . ■ 313 nai 13311 

lb. '31 '8 y$ '8 small brick (lath) above small brick and 
brick above brick; e. g. (Esth. IX, 7 sq.) . 

nsti Knisiuia 

n8i ttsbi. 

IT")^ QVM* N'HN)pr.n. pi. irwA; [Tarichsea, 
South of 'Tiberias, Neub. Geogr. p. 21 b J. Y. Snh. X, 28 d 
'8 nnaiS; Sifre Num. 131 'XI KH3ia; Yalk. Num. 771 
81181 (Y. 1. c. ed. Zyt. ni18) Gufta in the district , of 
Ariah. Tosef. Kil. I, 3 ; Y. ib. I, 27 a bot. '8 .Dlfih district 
of A. 

JKFTTS, Stfh^Nch.(=h.rm8)faift, bar,pole. Targ. 
Num/xill, 23;/a.' e. (h. tsia). Bets. 32 b 118 fib b&3 
8115na ed. (Ar. 8)118) a binder of the brick wall fell into 
the stove.. Sabb. 129 a a house '81 8i3i3b 3U51 the width 
of whose walls was seven bricks and a half; a. e.—Pl. 
K;ni18, Tl?t%, T"!8, "j"»n«. Targ. Ex. XXV, 27; a. e. (h, 
3113)/ B.Bath. 3 a 1H18 I'lbno K'fissinare bondlaths. Y. 
Erub. I, 19 a top (also grills). - 

?|* "N I (b. h. T|18) to be long, to project. Targ. IKings 

VIII, 8, :: H Ohr. V, 9.— Y. Ab. Zar. I, 39 c top, v. 8aa18. 
A f- .TjTtf 1 *' -P«. tp8 !) to be prolonged; to lengthen. 

Targ. Ex. XX, 12. Targ. Y. Deut. XXVIIL67 1318a make 
appear long; a. fr.— Y. Taan. IV, 68 a "pali f1318a to live 
long; Koh.E.toVn,7.— 2) to be tall. Snh.loV b ."jusa 13 
when one was tall.— 3) to farry, wait, hope. Targ. Num. 

IX, 22. Tafg. Job VI, 11.— Y. Yoma VI, 43 d 1H32 !p3118 
wait a while. Y. E. Hash. I, 57 a bot. '31 !i3lia mm 
she waited a whole year. Ib. "|i3na 'llh. Y. M. Kat. 
II, 81 b top "(b 8311a 8&bi8 the ship will wait for thee. 

?pTS! II m., !AD"n!S. .f. (preced.) 1) long. Targ.Ezek. 
XVII,' 3.— Targ. Prov.'xiV, 17 mniSIln '81 whose in- 
trigue is long prepared (h. mata 11J18). V. 83118— 2) (part. 
pass, of ^18 to arrange) right, befitting. Ezra IV, 14.— t 
Succ. 4 b '8 kb 18 '8 is it right or not? B. Mets. 75 a '81 
and it is proper to do so. Midr. Till, to Ps. I, 2 ^IS '81 
is such a thing right ? 

?P~IIS m. (preced.) prolonging, retarding* Targ. Y, 
I Num. XIV, 18 (H liani '8, read nimi). 

h V.^$ mi (denoim. of ^11811, 2) preparing, dressing. 
Sabb. '33 1 ' Ili111}i3b flib'8 8p.8in wasdressing! (cleansing). 



his body. Keth. 103 b '31 S5311K1 I would dress parch- 
ment rolls of deer skins. 

fcO '™lfct m. (preced.) [one who arranges arguments,] 
Arekha, "title of a lecturer. Sabb. 59 b TK rtai SliS a 
great man, a lecturer. Esp. known R. Aha Arekha. lb. 
lll a ; a.e. Ber. 33 a ed. (Ms. M. Hiya) ; Abba Arekha (Rab, 
v. 3.1). [In legend: tall, v. T]n*.] 

*fcO*HjS! f. (preced.) theme of a lecture. Midr. Till., 
beg. 'S ills 133 used that idea of B. Yudan as a theme. 

SCfHiSt m.(v.^1$IL) long, prolonged. Bets. 30 b Kali 
'S Ms. M. (ed. Sh3i1S); Succ. 45 b 'X Sail an adjourned 
day. — Fern. KFpilS. Ber.4 b 'S r&Sn a continued prayer ; 
'KFiVtttt a continued benediction on redemption, v. IrfelSS. 
— PI. sraiis. Keth. 8 a 'S nUB the six lengthy bene- 
dictions. 

rD"H5$, rfiD'HN! f. {-pst.)prolongation,length; (sub. 
&S, or trts) forbearance. Koh. B. to VII, 8 "pisrnD 'X 
'SI the forbearance which Samuel showed. Gen. B. s. 70 
SiJB '!*.• T. Hag. n, 77 b hot.; a. e. dial's length of days, 
long life.— Gen. B. s. 64 dial 'S lapse of time. 

SiTfD'HN; oh. -same. Targ. Is. XXXVIII, 11. 

NrFD'HJS; f."(v. tpK II, 2) preparation, future (v. "pi, 
Schr. KAT p. 549). Targ. Jer. XXXI, 5. 

D" 1 ")^ (D'HISt), pr.n. Arim (Arum). Y.Hag.I, 76 c 
hot; Y. Pes. Ill, end, 30 b 'Sffa rYiito,-v. »>"$&; (Sifre 
Deut. .41 1113; Talk. ib. 681 DiTSIS; Kidd. 40 b rifl-0). 

TQ 1 "}^ m. (Ipi)|i.a, ti) desert, wilderness. '» dlpa 
a settlement in a desert. Lev. B. s. 35 (ed. 'pai'ffi*, Ar. 
flails, corr. ace). Cant. B. to VII, 11.— Talk. Jer. 257 
•paiiis, cmp. nsiaiiii*. : .- 

D*HK I'm. (bis) something tied to the body (itspi- 
ajxjxa), whence a» emblem set in a ring or chain (cmp. 
Deut. VI, 8 ; Prov.VI, 21, also Sm. Ant. s. v. Amuletum). 
PL 'libilSJ. Deut. B. s. 3 'X t?"0tt> li rlbijsn (read i3t!5) brought 
into his house two emblems (of. faith); the king, too, 
'X 13U3 flMS !lV t]pT had two corresponding emblems 
set for her. Ib. Abraham delivered to his children 
'S iJIB two emblems (which they should guard, Gen. 
XVIII, 19). 

. &"H&$ II m. (bis) prop, bound, engaged, esp. tenant 
who tills the owner's ground for a certain share in the 
produces, contrad. fr. "iisn tenant who pays the landlord 
a certain rent in kind, irrespective of the yield of the 
crops. Y.Bicc.I,end,64 b . Y. B.Bath. Ill, 14 a hot. .WirTO'S 
'S a farmer letting to a sub-farmer. Ex. B. s. 43. Lev. 
B. s. 1 itJilK his (the king's) tenant, i. e. Adam (in para- 
dise); a. fr.— PI. diems, 'T&ini*. Y. B. Bath. 1. c. ,Y. M. 
Kat. IU, 82 b hot. Deut. B. s. 7; a. fr.— Cmp. 0119. 

, DTfeJ, ■XD'HS, ^to^N.ch. 1) same, also field 
laborer. T Targ. Y. Deut. XXlil,'25; 26 Levita (ed. isifc). 



Targ. Cant. VIII, 11.— Ab. Zar. 21 b 1i39p hihlbiis 'S the 
gentile tenant working during the Jewish festive week, • 
works for his tenancy (not as the Jew's employee). Hag. 
25 b '31 'S . . . SIM WiT it is the tenant's business to pro- 
cure kegs &e— *B.Bath.55 a "31 IS iSOIBI XbilSI Eashb. 
a. 1. (ed. snibilK, Var. ^IISI, fisto . . ., IKiBilSI, v. 
Babb. D. S. a. 1. note, Ms". M. 'tBilSI) that the tenant 
of the Persians is such only up to forty years (after 
which time he is considered a legitimate owner); v. Nim. 
Jos.to Alf. a.l. [It seems that the Pers. Jews pronounced 
siaiis a. snwjiis, cmp. sjnizjii a. s;w*r.]— PI. kjoiis. , 

Targ. Job XXIX,' 23. ^toil's, v. supra. [Lev. B.'s. 28, 

v. SBbilS.]— 2) betrothed, v. bis. 

0"H5*, N&^l&t poison, v. bis oh. 

fi&'nSj Tosef. Kel. B. Bath. IV, 8 ; v. HOilS. 

fflD'HISs f. (biisll) tenancy, ' condition of the Aris. 
Peah V, 5 'S3 as a tenancy; a. fr.— Pi WOilS. Y.Bicc. I, 
end, 64 b 'X iis>3 owners of tenanted properties, v. nii3fi. 

^fflD* 1 '!^ ch. same. Lev. E. s. 5. Ab. Zar. 21 b ; a. e. 
B. Bath. 55 a , v. SOilS. [M. Kat. 22 b , v. SfiizJilS.] 

STS&'HN m. (corrupt, of SBiBOilS, apia-n^t) break- 
fasting, 'in gen. invited guest. PI. ''pOOilS, SiiapiiS. 
Koh. E. to I, 3 '31 'S pi3(B let the guests eat (some ed. 
■piaOHS, our guests?). Lev. E. s. 28 SUbilS (corr. ace). 
Lam. E. to IV, 2 'S iJiS among the seated guests. 

pibianab'nN, oibnlDCns pr . n . m . ('A pt - 

<tt6(3ouXo<;) Aristobule, brother of Hyrcan, son of Alexan- 
der Jannai. Men. 64 b ; B. Kam. 82 b ; a. e. 



■'pWn^ read: 



yilDp"Hi$I m . (Spia-trov) orig. morning meal, later 
principal meal, dinner, repast. Y. Ber. IV, 7 b hlltt "ps 
'3 's "]13)^> if ye are invited to a dinner, and the day is 
advanced, &c. Y. Snh. Ill, 21 c top 'S IS during dinner. 
Ib. VI, 23 c ; a. fr. 

"jlDp'HN II pr. n. m. Ariston. Hall. IV, 11; Y. 
Shebi. VI, end, 37 a (a Syrian land-owner).— Y.Yeb. XVI, 
end, 16 a 'S in one Ariston. ['One of the fiooM) apKJTuiv 
mentioned Cod. Theod. Lib. XII, Tit. 888, Frankel M'bo 
p. 65 a .] 

iTI^'nbt f. (lis) cursing, imprecation. Y. Ber. IV, 8 C 
(play on Aron, the ark) from there d^l5& flSSli 'S curse 
goes forth into the world (for transgressors); a. e. 

afernaj or vNfHtt, ^wd^in, 'jWS'nw, 
^m v^sbiis, T 

f. (1!51S,'v. bis) prop. 'obligation, hence '(sub. rYllSb) 'a 
meal which creates an obligation, a meal which is given 
in the expectation of receiving invitations from the 



yppM 



reciprocating members of a social club, opp. SOSTffl the 
entertainment in reciprocation for invitations received. 
M. Kat. 22 b 'ffiHIiK Ar. (ed. SttllOilK, Ms. M. KniUBIX, 
read 'WIN). 

NTfn&t (nfthk) m. 0™, /i«, cm P . »™*i) ■««*, 

channel, dyke Targ'. Ps. CVII, 35 (h. text dSN) ; a. e — 
Hull. 107 a iStVll '« dyke for irrigation. B. Kam. 50 b sq'.— 
B. SPrm» CB^X). Targ. 0. Ex. VIII, 11. Targ. Ps. 
LXXVIII, 44. (h. text is 1 ;); a. e. Cmp. pi-in. 

I Iff? ( ]/"iN, cmp. 51N) to jom, weave; whence to 
arrange, plan; v. -ps.— V. TpXII, nam &c. 

•J")N or :J~11K (b. h.; J^-iN, cmp. Schr. KAT p. 497 
SIS; cmp. also ^1S to jjfe^, to 6e tall) to be [pointed, 
stretched,] long, tall 

Sif. Tj^Sh 1) to prolong, be long in doing. Ber. I, 4 
Tp'iiSh? Ilax they commended a lengthy benediction. lb. 
34 a ; cmp.lS-lN. Yoma35 b irfsSna fm staid long in prayer. 
— ftiai Wto live long. Meg. 27 b ; a. fr — Ber. 8 b , a. fr. 
TVQi IWNa his life will be prolonged.— bi3S, nil 'Stln 
to 6e long-suffering, forbearing.. Y. Shebu. IV, beg. 35 b ; 
a.fr. — Y.Taan.II, 65 b bot. when collecting debts (punish- 
ing) naim "plKa he is slow in collecting (punishes in 
long intervals, gives extension).— 2) to be long, last long. 
Num. B. s. 20, end bt*Qn 'itn the point of the spear grew 
longer, v. infra; a. fr.— 3) [to lengthen the carrying pole,] 
to make heavy. Nidd. 16 b lii^S IWiatii Mas how heavy 
thou hast made our burden (through restrictive laws) ! 

Nif.^^ to be prolonged, grow longer. SifreNum. 131 ; 
Talk. ib. 771; (Num. E. 1. c. -pWl). . 

TO v. ipM. 

:j jN m. (b. h.) only with t|N, t)iBi* long-suffering, 
forbearing. Y. Taan. II, 65 b ; a. fr.; v. t]X. 

fcOTtfl m. (-1X; cmp. aa-m); pi. 13/1JJ; meshes, 
ranges', intervals. Sabb. 50 b . Gitt. 69 b . B. Bath. 3 a v. 
S3-lilN.--Targ.Bsth. VIII, 15 ihlShittl in its (the girdle's) 
meshes. 

&0"l^ II, fcOlltf, HD~I^ f. (-ps) duration, term, 
limit; extension of time. Dan. IV, 24 (prolongation). Ib. 
VII, 12 (set term).— Targ. Gen. VI, 3; a. e. 

fcCH^III f. (=h. iiDJilN) healing, restoration. Targ. 
II Chr.XXIV, 13.— PI. yona (f=11N). Targ. Ps. CXLVII, 3 
(ed. Vien. 'xahX). 

KiTQinN f. (33*)) (a rider,) the uppermost layer 
of a clay dam around a field. B. Mets. 103 b 651313 the 
first, xn&ti the additional (middle), 'K the uppermost. 
[Targ. Y. Lev. IX, 17 read SP-lS^St.] 

(D jN f. h. (v. tonsil) extension, a certain time. 
Num. T B. s. 14 (p. 259 a ed.. Amst.) '31 'N tan!: )n allowed 
them a certain time but finally punished them. 



rn^"!^ f. (331) l) the leg from under the hip-bone 
to the ankle, the knee and its surrounding parts (contain- 
ing three sections each of which is called 'N and defined 
bya different surname). Hull.IV,6; v.ib.76 a (alsortSttl); 
a. fr.— 2) anything joined, joint. Kil. VII, 1 1&S3ttJ 'Nrt 
(Tosef.ib.IV.il, Var. 3&&3.1D. naiian) thatpartofthe vine 
which is bent dowh and laid in the ground to rise at 
another place. Y. Meg. I, 71 c bot. T'a^ itt) 'X the lower 
joint of the Lammed. Kel.XIV, 8 '31 '& ^!B nn&a (Tosef. 

ib. B. Mete. IV, 15 WOO~\ Masil) a key with a joint, 

broken at the joint— PI. niMfflK. Nid. 30 b . B.Mets. 105 a . 

fcKTttDl&t ch. same. Targ. Bsth. V, 9. [Y. Maasr. V, 
end, 52 a JtViETl SK313N, read JS3131N or miSS; Y. Ned. 

III, 37 d bot.; Y. Shebu. Ill, 34 tl .]— PI. KrBeiK. Targ. 
Koh. XII, 3. Targ. II, Bsth. VI, 11.— K*SWlSt Targ. Job. 

IV, 4.— v. txeats"). 

pIB^DIS, v. ««is. 

■jiDHS, WID")^ m.oh. (=h. yjIKq.v.) ruler, elder 
Targ. IChr. XI, 2 {h. text TM). Targ. Job. XXI, 28 (h. 
text a-v»); a. fr.— Y. Ber. V, 9 a 'X "OS an elder passed 
by.— PI. T>?13"!N. Targ. II Chr. XI, 11; a. e.— Y. Peah 
VIII, 21 a (defective sentence); [h. pi. niablX, v. "jaSet). 

DilODiD"!^, &t33lD"l^ m.(S.px^,-osxoi) archont, 
city-magistrate, prefect. Y. Taan. XV, 69 a top. Lam. B. 
to II, 2; IV, 18. Gen. B. s. 76 OWfilK (corr. ace). [The 
office of a city mayor or senator in the Boman days 
was often ruinous to its occupants ; v. Sm. Ant. s. v. 
Senatus.] 

^"D"!^ m. (tpi, cmp. t|ia*i») prob. a screwing 
contrivance for bending wood; engine of torture, stocks. 
Bsth. B. to I, l b ; v; X&iiWI*. 

" I "?1^ I f - ("P 1 *' v - ' 1 ? M !? > an ada ptation of ap^rj, cmp. 
■|3-iN) term of office, office, court of elders. Num. B. s. 9 
whoever was signed as a witness '31 hSUJi 'HO (Kidd.IV,5 
i31S q. v.) in the old court of Zepphoris.— Y. M. Kat. II, 
end, 81 b b^slj rtsa he (the gentile) takes the deed 
to their (gentile) office for recording. Y.Gitt. I, 43 d top. 
— Buth B. to I, 3 npmi -|3a bffl 'X the time of thy son's 
accession to office presses. Deut. B. s. 2 '31 'N S^Jfl surr- 
ender thy office to Joshua. Ib. a prefect ibtt) 'iO nifttt} 
who was in his office; a. iv.—Pl. hi^it Buth. B. 1. c. 
p 'X 'X the terms of office are predestined (cmp. Sabb. 

30 a bot. '31 nisba 1181). [hisois, v. is^s.] 

^P~lXlI,pr.n.pl. 'X tV*-!pKiryathArkhi(=~ttiS) mip); 
v. preced. Targ. Josh. XV, 15; a. e. 

"0"1S$III (Greek pref. ap^t— ) chief of (gem followed 
by a pi.) as SiJii^ia 'S chief of the castle guard. Pesik. 
Bkha p. 122 b Ar. (ed. HWla il*J«, corr. ace); v. respect- 
ive determinants. 

" l p' 1 T 1 D"18< , Gen.E. s. 50 beg., Mus., v. IpTli. 

"]1 :, D'~I^ m. (Ap^etov, archivum) prefecture, public 
building] archive. Tanh. Ki Thetse 9 he went '31 VlB 'i6 



fTOj^^S 



into the Egyptian archive; Pesik. Zakh. p. 27 a 'X mb 
Ar. (ed. yraist, corr. ace); Talk. a. 1. "pels (some ed. 
yraiK, corr. ace). Bath. E. to I, 3 11S1 'X Xlrf; as in 
the State-house of Gadara. [Ex .R. s. 5 fralK r^a corr. ace] 

architects) architect, engineer. Gen. E.s. 24, beg. K)M» 's6 
'31 to be compared to an engineer that built the forti- 
fications of a principality; Num. E. s. 9, beg. "paip i3ixb 
'IXDp (corr. ace, and insert MlBSSlB) to an architect that 
was appointed &c. ; a. ir.—Pl psiaptrtsix, popD/DiX. 
Y. Ber. IX, 13 a top "papa (corr. ace)! 

1' v aiD^n«, ■pbittb^, . . , d wb w, 

b^TDb^DnX m. (apxAV^O chief robber, leader 
of a gang. Gen. E. s. 48; a. fr. [Frequ. diab^SIX, 
divide in two words, v. "OIXIII, a.biBbi)j.] [Yalk.Ex.255 

■pdlBb^VoiX, "paid . . ., read pp^VQOT*.— Midr. Sam. 
s. XXV, end biBd^iaiX some ed., v. b^3bi31X.] 

*1"Hl!B'v' 1 0"H m. (read in two words, v. 'OIXIII, 
a. iSils) chief of the body-guard, executioner; cmp. 
11£&lp">Sb. Pesik. B'shall. p. 91 b 'plBi}M31X Ar. (ed. 
•pE^BIX, Var. flirt pix, laix yiW^yiVtoiaiX, v.Buber 

0" , TQ<P"'D~l!^ m. (6pxr)<m)0 ttecer. Y. Succ. V, 55° 
top ; Y. Sn'h.ii; 20 b hot. bab31X ; Num.E. s. 4.— PI. T»trt3lX 
or T'DiatWK. Midr. Sam. s. XXV, end b^lBO^Sia/ya'r. 
b^Bb^ix (corr. ace). 

•birtosnob 1 :™, oip^^rna m . (i . m . 

GxpaiTrfloz) commander in chief; also 'chief magistrate 
(v. dilPBlBbX). Gen. E. s. 58; (Ex. E. s. 31 'BIBdX). 

bUPTOb'D-li*, Gen. E. s. 58, corr. as preced. w. 

D'HBb'OIK, v. tmwis. 

"JTEa" l p" l P~l^, read liBptt"OlK. 

bD1», v. teixi. 

*P"]&$I m. fpX, an adaptation of apx<ov) elder, 
magistrate. B. Bath. 164 b a letter of divorce dated tWBa 
'X 151^3 (Var. pis, ^SOIS v. Eabb. D. S. a. 1. note 3 sq. ; 
cmp. h ?lS) in the year when— was magistrate ; v. yWi.— ■ 
PI nisisix. Cant. E. to VII, 9. Oh. p'six, xsisix. 

"|3~li$ II m. (tps) owe ^mwy long prayers, opp. ^p. 
Ber. T 34 a ; Mekh. B'shall., Vayassa 1 pIXa (read 'X na). 

ISSVDDTtf f. flail* I) office. B. Bath.. 164 b (Var. 
'32*iS, T v. 131X1). 

5<b3"lS m.(bai)fM*,tt>e«-fc«ea<ted. Men.43 a X1i»n 
'X thick ieaven of barley flour. 

■■^OBObniA,- bTOD""ltf, readb^paix. ' . 



*£"CH^P r - n-vl. Arkhath, Warka, S.B. of Babylon (v. 
Schr.KAT p. 94). Yoma 10 a (expl. EreJch, Gen. X, 10) 
'X 11 Ms. M. (ed. niS^llX, v. Eabb. D. S. a. 1.; Tavg. Y. 
Gen. 1. c. bin; Gen. E. s. 37 pfi; Yalk. 62 dIK). 

*!tfb~)l!<=X^1S.— PJ. l^S, 'paVlX. Targ. Y. II, Gen. 
XXXIV," 31 some ed. 

QlN pr. n. (b. h.) 1) Aram, son of Shem. Targ. Gen. 
X, 22; a. e — 2) Aramaea, Syria. Targ. I Kings XX, 1; 
a. fr.— 3) (a disguise for Kail) Rome, Roman empire 
(cmp. dilX).. Pes. 87 b 'X niilftX nillS bapb ed. (read 
'X ^!» . . . \>iabb; in Ms. M. 1 only 1"M Via&V, Ms. 2 I>1»'. . . 
d""al1; oth.var.,v.Eabb.D.S.a.l.note; Gitt. 17 a d^allX) 
to endure the severe decrees of Eome. 

NEH!$»- n^SHS m. (=h. "WIS) Syrian. Targ. Gen. 
XXV, T 20;'a.e.— B.Kam. 59 a 'X ttbpl Ms. (ed. 'XI corr. 
ace) Syrian palm-tree.— Fern. XhiHIX. Targ. I Chr. VII, 
14 (ed. Eahrn. xnialX).— PI. m/iXJaix. Targ. II Chr. 
XXII, 5; f. xrWalX. Sabb. 29 a Syrian- (dates).— Cmp. 



^HiK, I^^N f.=XhlalX 2). Targ. Ex. XXIX, 24 ; 



rn$im§ v. *$%. 

mUltt, v. next w. 

^an^^a^h., *wik, ns™, nan™ 

ch. m. (=b. h. i'sIX) Syrian^ in gen. gentile, Roman; 
cmp. W 2). Targ.' 0. Lev. XXV, 47.— Y.Shebi. IV,35 ab 
^alia 'X in (Y. Snh. Ill, 21 b t!M ia in). a gentile in Eome. 
lb. '31 ""IIP IX (prob. plur.) either be Jewish Jews (liv- 
ing as Jews ought to) or gentile gentiles (EomanEomans). 
Y. Ab. Zar. Ill, 41 c top '31 X*">a1X the leather bottle of 
an Aramaean (or gentile) hurst open. Yeb. 45 b nxaix ia 
son of a gentile. Hull. 97 a ; a. fr.— PI. ixaix. Targ. Y. 
Deut. XXXII, 24 (Eo»«»s); a.e.— Ab.Zar.31 b .— Gitt.l7 a 
ixaiix (Romans). Gen. E. s. 63 TXalX. Koh. E. to 
VII, 11 palX.— Num. E. s. 7 d^XalX T (Kel. I, 8 dl"3S); 
a. fr. [Lev. T B. s. 34 "pxalxa "jinfit, read TXalPa, v. W.] 
—Fern. XrWalX. Yeb. 1. c. V. XB1X. 

"]1DTtfI m. (b. h., prob. fr. d1X=din) enclosure, 
palace (poetic). Ab. Zar. 24 b praised 'X l^aia in the inner- 
most of the Palace (Temple). [Ex. E. s. 5 'X !n"ia ; Pesik. 
Zakh. p. 27 a , v. , )i'»3"lX.] Cmp. dIX Schr. KAT p. 536. 

yiUll^II pr.n.pl. Armon. Yeb. 45 a captives com- 
ing from A. (v. Neub. Geogr. p. 371; prob. ident. with 
Ti*0,q.v.). 

]iQ"lNlII m. (v. pais) platanus, the oriental plane. 
d^iiaix.' Gen. E. s. 15, beg.; (E. Hash. 23 a ; B. Bath. 
81 a 'IS)- 

^D1D"li<, "IK f. (bll) 1) raising, rising. Tavg. Is. 
XIX, 16; a. e. — 2) waving, heave-offering. Targ. 0. Ex. 



orons 



XXIX, 27; a. e.— PL XrYranx, const. HWS. Targ. 0. 
Num. XVIII, 11 (Var. nwn'st sing.). 

^SinSSl m., n»!t f. 1) (b. h.) 4ra»wfflea?i, Aramaic, 
Ghal'da'ic! [Targ. II kings XVIII, 26.]— 'S yn»i Chaldaic. 
Sabb. I2 b ; a. fr.— 2) (^aiiX; v. b^K 3) Romish, Roman, 
heathen. [Owing to Christian censors as well as timid 
Jewish copyists, many of the passages originally referring 
to Romans, Christians, &c, have been altered by sub- 
stituting Arammi, Kuthi, Qoy &c.,so that only by keen 
criticism their real application can be ascertained.] — 
'E&ra. gentile woman. Ber.8 b (Ms.M. rVSWIX). Snh. IX, 6; 
a.fr.— Y.Meg.I,71 c top moist Latin; v. «ia.— FLtrmii* 
Meg. ll a (some ed. Qii&IB; Ms. M. a^ailj'sifra B'hukk! 
Par. II, ch. 8 bliiibBbX). V. "WlX. 

SSilvDnNl f. (preced.) gentile ways, Romedom, idol- 
atry, &c. Meg'. Ill (IV), 9 (25 a ) whoever translates (I/ev. 
XVIII, 21), 'Of thy seed thou shalt give none K"OSj6 
'S3 (Ms.Lond. KmalN "i-liasxi, v. Var. in Rabb. D. S. a. 1. 
note) to become with child in Romedom (identifying 
Molokh with Rome and misinterpreting I'haabir for the 
purpose of making it applicable to sexual connection 
• with Romans) must be silenced with a sharp rebuke (v. 
ClS-nS); cmp. Targ. T. Lev. 1. c— Ab. Zar. 70 a "p^ri 13 
irfnaisa (Ms. M. NrVma -Wl) when we were yet in our 
heathendom (prior to our conversion). 

■wis, j^q-in, v. -wi*. 

Dl?" 1 /^"!!^ pr.n.m. (a disguise of Romulus, 'Pcojau- 
Xo4=Rome) Armilus, a mythical person age, representative 
of wickedness, answering to the Christian Antichrist. 
Targ. Is. XI, 4 ' SW1B1 '» A. the wicked. Targ. Y. Deut. 
XXXIV, 3 DlS^alX (corr. ace); cmp. rtsyWJK. [V.Book 
of Zerub.; SaadiaEmunothVIII, 2; Graetz Gesch. d. Jud. 
V, p. 496.] 

fcW'G"^ pr. n. Armenia, the plateau of "Western 
Asia. T tam. : R. to I, 14— Targ. T. Gen. VIII, 4 name of 
a mountain and of a city. 

^ETl&jl (denomin. of next w.) Nithpa. riitfiKro to 
become' a widow (a Chaldaism). Keth.11,1; V,l; v-'lafeK. 
Yeb. 42 b ; a. e. 

abarB*, MbDiN, N^rnsst f . (=*«*«*.. &<» ,• v. 

Tia>«; v. P. 8. s. v. 39i) widow.' Targ. Gen. XXXVin, 11 ; 
a. fr.— Y. Sabb. I, 3 d top; a. fr.— PJ. ^alS. Targ. Ex. 
XXII, 23, a. e.— Y. Keth. I, beg. 24 d — Msn'sbalJ*, isrtaix. 
Targ. Job XXII, 9; a. e— Y. Meg. Ill, 74* top; a'e.' 

btibn-iN, v. uftwst 

ibnis, nibnnx, srtana f. (v. xW) m 

widowhood. Targ. Is. XLVII, 8 sq'.; a. e.— Keth.' 75 a , v. 
snsa.— T. Ned. V, 39 b top; B.Bath. 98 b Ms.; ed. WBais. 



arb™, v. «vn«. 

IblK, v. Tiais. 



^DDTS, l)v.St;sia1«.— [2) Targ.JdbLlNahmanid. 
in comment., Ms. SO^BSBttJIp, ed. yv, v. next w.j 

n!S '|U~llS! pr.n.pl. Armannia (Romania, New-Rome, 
Constantinople). Targ. Lam. IV, 21 Var. (h. text 'pS).— 
Deriv. pi. iJVwaalN. Targ.IChr.1,17 ed.Beck. (ed. Rahm. 
"SalK corr. ace.)'. 

DTJXj JsS pr. n. m. (represent a tribe; v. preced.) 
Armanius.' Targ. I Chr. I, 42 (h. text yiS). 

, fcT^QHi* m. Armenian 0). Y. Gitt, VI, 48 d bot. "1 
"X apS^'Y'. M. Kat. Ill, 82 c top '8 1 (insert apsn). 

■w^aia, wsaix, v. h^wis. 
■paVvo'™, 

"]H1>$ m. (b. h. ; j/nst, cmp. Tl!rt) pme (Assyr.")1S cedar, 
Schr! KAT p. 411).— PL tTOIK.' Par. Ill, 8 (R. HaiGaon 
y\X). R.Hash.23 a bi3'ilX(Var'd^ilS). B.Bath. 81 a 'S. 

&W*l!tf m.ch.(=h. Tins) chest. Sabb. 32 a pIT'ttV-plplB 
'Si who call the holy ark, 'the chest'. 

S3T8 m.=na ? ™ q . v. 
&q3nS,-v.W5as-i«. 

n^"liS! f. (b. h.) hare; [pr. n. f., v. next wj. Meg. 
9 b . Lev. s. 13 I'll' It '$n Arnebeth (Lev.XI,6)is an allusion 
to Yavan (Greece); cmp. next w.—P?. biaim. Sabb.27 a ; 
Men. 39 b . [Assyr. Annabu, Schr. KAT p/498.] 

SPM"!**, SG3"1« ch. same. Targ. Lev. XI, 6; 
a. e.— Lam. R. to II, 10; Ned. 65 a S031S.— Y. Meg. I, 71 d 
bot. '31 StroiK .... lain ill) lax (corr. ace.) King Ptolemee's 
mother was named Hare (kufutc,); cmp. Meg. 9 b where 
the King's wife is named arnebeth. 

l"0""l!tf, Tanh. B'midb. 18, read laps, v. ND3SJ. 

*PD"I^I m. (deriv. of fiis) chest with many cases, 
trader's chest. Tanh. B'midb. 2*0 IV«B CfEJliaaS-iS bixi 
msist ill5 'K li Ar. (ed. incorr.) like a trader that had a 
chest containing (common) glass beads ; cmp. Tanh. ed. 
Bub. 23a. note; Yalk. Num. 692 (where tP538 must be 
read yoiK). 



Wi3"]K, il3l3")i< f. (an adaptation 
jCmp.fcttiSN a.Xp&E) [chest,' treasury, v.preced.] 
tax from crops and other farmer's produces delivered in 
kind. Y.Keth.XIII,35 d niisbia 'X annona and poll-tax.— 
Pes.6 a '!* nana cattle subject to the annona (v. D. 0. ed. 
Hensch, s.v. Annona: 'capitur etiam in pecudibus') ; n&i» 
'X dough made of flour subject to annona. — PL Miami*, 
niwm, VWTX. Targ. Y. Deut. XXVIII, 36. Lev. R. 
s. 29. Y. Shebi. IV, 35 b ; a. fr.— Y. Snh. Ill, 21 b top lai^a 
•pia-H* to collect taxes. Pesik. Shek. ll b (description of 
Roman extortions) tpaiaist '"WK bring thy annonae. 

DlUjnsS m. (ornatiis, opvaxo;) decoration. Lam. R. 
to iv, i arit T iia '&6 nam ninia (ed. oaiix, stanst) who 
was (to the nation) like a gold decoration. 



DW)N, v. preced. 

^DS - liS^ Talk. Gen. 47 *fmp "WHS, read 7mpB"q1i*. 

"ttflS, v. bi 3 11X. 

^]5D"1!!< ch.=next w. B. Bath. 8 a ; a. fr — Trnsf. ' 'K 
Xfilan bag, i. e. membrane of the brains. Ber. 19 a — PI. 
T531K. B. Mats. 84 b . Keth. 67 a . 

"T^!^ f - (P ix > "> inserted for Dagesh) merchant's 
bag suspended from the neck, cmp. "•bspost; in gen. money-, 
bag, purse. Y. Kidd. I, 61 a bot. Lev! R.s.14; a. fr. [lb. 

S)b3 Sffl 'K, read tfJpJIK.] 

"j^SpO"!^, V. KSpBI!*. 

S$rO~)ltf X. Meg. I, 71 d bot., v. Xl-OilX. 

&"]N!, b~T5$ m - (V^i v - 0! ?^; as to modification 
of meaning cmp. Lat. virus) prop, drop, fluid, esp. poison. 
Y. Ter. Ill, beg. 42 a the serpent '» la Wjfl threw a drop 
(of poison) into it. Sabb. 62 b (play on t'akkasnah, Is. 
HI, 16) b1S33 blND (readD^S /fctt; v. Var. Rabb. D. S. 
a. 1. note) like the serpent's poison; a. fr.— Y. Maasr. V, 
end, 52 a an onion tmi lb "pXtB (read tmt) which has 
no penetrating moisture.— PL pOIX, yVj^- Y. Ter. VIII, 
45 ed . Cmp. 0^. 

D~)N, NtTP^ ch. same. Targ. Y. Deut. I, 31 ; Gen. 
111,14'^ g'omeed.' K&TiK; a. fr.— P£ pb1"i!*. Targ. Y. Deut. 
XXXII, 24 (ed. Vien. 'ib^lX). 

fcHS* (b.. h. blX Pi.; /""is, v. 11SK) fo bind, join; to 
betroth. Part. pass. Wis}, f. Whs betrothed, engaged. 
Keth. 13 b lifiWlKl Wll* a betrothed couple. Y.Hag.IL77 d 
"WlK my betrothed, i. e. my beloved citizen. 

Pi. bis, hi" 1 !* 1) to betroth to one's self, engage in 
marriage. Y. Bets. V, 63 a bot. D1&6. lb. bit}*; b1&6 KH 
but betroth he may; a. fr.— Yeb. VI, 4 '31 blitf he be- 
trothed a widow. Keth. I, 6 ^n&IS}, trnblS}; a - fr - I As 
to the legal status of betrothal, v. VW*}.]— 2) to give 
away in betrothal (of the bride's father). lb. IV, 2.— 
Part. pass. rtDliKa. Snh.VII,9; a.fr.— Ex. E. s. 33 (play 
on morashah] 'beut. XXXIII, 4).— 

Hithpa. a. Nithpa. nbixnn, itblKn? to be betrothed 
(only of the woman). Keth. Ill, V-Ja,. e.— Yeb. IV, 10 
'31 Iblitfyi m&Olffiin those who have been married before, 
may get betrothed (before the expiration of three months 
after separation from their husbands by death or divorce), 
and those who have been betrothed (and not yet married), 
may get married (during the above term). 

0~l!^, Pa. DIN, fut.W?, ch.same. Targ. 0. Deut. 
XXVIIL'30; a.fr. — KblJSa (Kbis) betrothed woman. Targ. 
Y. Lev. XX, 10. Targ. Ex. XXII, 15 (16).— *Cant. K. to 
IV, 12 i-nrernx or rfnWS (Chald. suffix) his betrothed. 
—[Lev. R. s. 34 "piDIKa yiinsVi, read ■ISiWKa, v. b38, or 
■parnia linsi, v. lai.] 

Ithpe. bnxn:*, contr. WHS (cmp. b5K Ithpe.) to be 
betrothed. W*!< na marriageable. Gitt. 43 a ; a. fr. 



"DCHSS!, v. 'Bb^tt. 

ll^pD"!?^ Koh. R. to I, 7, end, perh. a. corrupt, 
of ■jlbibpiil' 1 !* m. (ipi6£oXov) cotton. [The entire sentence, 
however, seems to be misplaced, and a repetition of a 
preceding one.] 

&^P<D"1&4 pr. n. m. Ursicinus, a Roman general 
delegated against Judea by Gallus who, as Constantine's 
nephew and associate emperor, resided at Antiochia. Y. 
Yeb. XVI, beg. 15 c ; Y. Sot. IV, 23 c bot. fc»ba '« tf. the 
king (royal governor?). Y. Shebi. IV, 35 a '&6 . . . . ifia }Vnft ; 
Y.Bets. 1, 60 c bot. '31 '&6 SttVS illrl (insert i&a) the sages 
allowed to have bread, baked on the Sabbath for (the 
army of) U. because his intercession might be needed. 
[Diff. explan. of latter sentence, v. Erankel Mbo, p. 56 a .] 
Y. Ber.V, 9 a . Y. Meg. in, 74 a top '31 l^plX 'X TJ. burnt 
the scrolls of the Law of the congregation of Zennabris. 
3?~l!tf ( ys*i, v. SS>1) to strike against. Nif. S1N5 to 
come in contact with (cmp. Sill), to happen, befall (gen. 
of evil occurrences). Ber. IV, 2 '31 SlNS &6l» (Bab. ed. 
28 b '31 lai SI!* 1 ; &6lB) that no (religious) offence may 
happen through me (by an erroneous decision &c). Yoma 
I, 1 VlDB la SIX" 1 Xaffl lest something may occur to him' 
to unfit him for services. Esth.R. toll, 7 bstiar bS Sl&Cffi 
(read lart 51K"H») will happen to Israel; a. fr. 

Pi. 5mt, Slil* to strike, befall; (neut. v.) to occur. 
I Y.Kidd. I, 58 d top HfflSa 'X s6l no accident (illegal act) 
| occurred. Gen. R. s. 84 '31 mb STWD na *o whatever 
befell the one, befell also the other; a. fr— M. Kat. II, 1 
I ^3!* 1S1"W (Ms. M. ia S"V«) mourning in the family befell 
! him; a.' e.— Y. Shek. V, 48 d bot. S"m "J31 "|3; Y. Dem. 
! 1, 22 a ycm* .... (read ISIi&t) so and so it happened to him. 

Part. Pu. Slixa q. v. 
| Hithpa. Slitrri to be added to, to join. Y. Sot. I, I7 a 
| '31 tintkb nSIMTa nnx one (sin) is added to the other, 
j until the account is full; Num. R. s. 9. 

| ¥1R I ch. (in Targ. Y.; in 0. usu. SIS q. v.) same; 
I to join, meet, find; to attack, visit. Targ. Y. Gen. XIX, 19 
| i)WTT may befall me Targ. Y. Deut. XXXII, 10 (h. text 

»Sa).' Targ. Y. Ex. V, 3 (h. SSS). lb. IV, 2 (h. ttJlS;.ed. 
; Vien. J»1S1 read smi). Targ. Y. Lev. V, 7 h^r SIKrl xb 

he will not be able, cannot afford (h. text '31 Sijn, cmp. 

Ill KXarY); a. fr. [Targ. Y. II, Ex. XV, 9 yirWYi iT9^ (I 
{ S131, S131) read SliXI and I shall meet them.] 

'ithpa. Snsn*, Mj3e. contr. SiniK, S^i} or Pa. yy* to 

be met; to meet. Targ. Y. I, Num. XXIII, 15 SlSrlX (h. 
; textn"l|3X). M.Kat. 18 a , a.e. Kn^ia im Sin^X an accident 

befell him (death in the family).— Lev. B. s. 37 re"W 
! smsffi) it so happened. Koh. R. to XI, 1 '31 'rOS MSI!* it 
j happened to be the season when the Israelites travelled 

to Jerusalem. Y.Dem.I,22 a 'JIST'S, v.preced. Targ.Esth. 
; Vni,8 pM-^SISrin; Targ.Y.Gen.XLIV,34 nan (corr. 

ace). [Sins to be shaken, weakened, v. SSL] 
; Af. Slis=Pe.Targ.ButhII,3; a.e.— Targ.Ps.LXXXV, 

11 11S11K (some ed. 'pSIN Pe.) meet each other. 

! 2?HS II .( l/"S1, cmp. S11, Hif. S^lrt, cmp. Nip a. 

I rt ^) to proclaim a festival. Sifre Num. 147 ^3Kaa tern 



D^bplK 



'SI proclaim it (as ffllp Xlpa) with special meal and dress; 
v. Mekh. Bo 9, beg. 

Pu. Slix to be proclaimed. B. Bath. 113 b with WTO-il 
BSUJa . .\ (Num. XXVII, 11) 'SI bs TO11X the whole 
section has been proclaimed as of a judicial nature; (Ms. 
M. rtSTM, v. si 1 ;). 

2"1IS! II (Targ. Y., 0. usu. 2-13 q. v.), Pa. SIX, SIX 
same. Targ. Y. Lev. XXIII, 2; a. fr. Targ. 0. Num. X, 2 
HS1S> ed. Berl.(oth.ed. XSIxV); (Targ. Y. XS1S>, XS1S>!). 
[Targ. Y. Lev. XXIII, 4 IWIlrP *«!, corr. ^SIXtT^I. lb. 21, 
a gloss ion ifl 'yaiipl T"ri ref. to the festive benedic- 
tion '=1 l&tfpi la^TlS-lU}.]— Denom. SSIXa, KSISa. 

3?Hit fawd, v. XS1X — Six nether-, beneath, v. SiKSix. 

Stf2~)&* m. (31X1) accident, occurrence. Targ. Ruth 
II, 3.— [*PZ. Xi*S1x'«)i7s, diseases. Targ. Y. Deut. XXVIII, 
60 (prob. to be read X*S1a).] 

Stf2?~)sK f. ( ]/S1, h. yiX q. v.) [the brittle] fawd, eartt, 
ground'; field. Targ. Gen.' I, 1. Targ. Y. Gen. XVI, 5; 
a. fr.— B. Bath. 29 a 'X X1H one field; v. X3X2.— Bekh.25 b 
XSlfflhl 'X a land of darkness (Babylon) ; a. fr.— Sabb. 65 a 
'x Its (a Chaldaic adaptation of TCoSaypa, podagra) gout, 
sore on the toes.— 'SI xas^ixn US, v. fix.— PZ. -JS1X, 
■XS1X, T*S1X. Targ. Jerl XXVIII, 8 Levita, Targ. II Esth. 
IV* i. Usu.' XS1S1X. Targ. Gen. XXVI, 3; a. fr.— B.Bath. 
12b; 61 b fields'.— B. Kam. 7 a 'X Iplh, 'x' Mill (Ms. M. bit, 
sub. la 1 !) land fell, rose in price. V. 51X>. 

fHKSHN, rPSHN m. (preced.) earth-ward, that 
which, he who, is below, nethermost. Targ. Josh. XVI, 3; 
a. fr.— Y. Kil. IX, end, 32 d 'X rklB to put off the under- 
garment. Y. B. Mets. X, beg. 12 c XiiSIX who lives in 
the story below.—Pi TXS1X, "WIX. Targ. Gen. VI, 16; 
a. e.— Lam. R. to I, 16 'sY'XS TOS deal with the in- 
feriors (females) as thou didst with the superiors (men); 
ib.toIV,19; Y.' Succ.V, 55 b (incorr.vers.).— Eem.WW]». 
Targ. Ez. XLI, 7 ; a. fr.-Y. Maas. Sh.V, 56 c top.-PZ. XtWlX, 
xrWIX. Targ.Ez.XLII,5; 6. Y.YomaI,38 c ; Y. Meg. V, 75° 
bot* v. .XM^X. [Targ. Esth. WO SIX, v. 51X>.] 

"^N m. (Sixl) chance-, occasional, temporary, v. ixis. 

ITPSHIS f. (v. preced.) lower portion, bottom. Y. Kil. 
VII, beg. 30 d . Y. Shebi. I, 33 b top; a. e. 

StfiTPSHItf ch.same. Men.ll a ; Yoma 48 a nWIX (read 
mrHSIX) the bottom of the reversed vessel. Keth. 77 b 
xrriaV'X the skull (!).— V. nxsix. 

iTO'DS"^, read XIplSISTO. 

DOSTltf '(DSi&N) m. (SpitoMSpipwag, h 9 Ttk- 
■yiov) clepsydra, water-clock. Kel. XIV, 8; XXX, 4 'IX 
Ar. (ed. 'BX). Gen. R. s. 4 'IX XSii get me a clepsydra. 

riDDDI^, read n&S-iSX. 

"PIS! f. (b, b.; pi; Oh. a. oth. dial. SIX fr. SSI to 
press' together, stamp— -from the rugged appearance of 



the surface after the subsidence of the waters) earth, dry 
land; country, land, field (opp. to town). Ex. R. s. 13.... 
threw dust upon the waters 'X ntSWi and earth (crust) 
was formed.— bxiffl 1 ' 'X (abbr. i"x) Palestine, opp. nSTi 
'x^, or Vn Win foreign countries, or distant countries. 
Gitt.1, 2. lb. 6 a ; a.fr— yyxn Palestine, Hull.l6 b lbSSiffla 
'X^> since entering Palestine (under Joshua); a. fr.— dS 
'Xii (abbr. Fl"S) country people, hence illiterate, coarse, 
unrefined (often applied to an individual); pi. 'xn iJaS, 
opp. ClSH liabn. Sabb. 63 a . Hull. 92 a ; a. v.fr— Esp. fi"S 
those not observing certain religious customs regarding 
tithes, levitical cleanness &c, opp. 1SH q. v. Dem. I, 2 ; 
a. fr.— Pit. MSIX. Shebi. IX, 2 'SI 'X* fflbffl Palestine is 
divided into three countries with reference to the laws of 
the Sabbath year. Keth, lll a ; a. e., v. <1&iS; a. fr. 

ri1!2~l5< f. (=rflX^X, i2-i, cmp. SlXSlii) persuasion, 
surrender. Sot. 4 a firfflxlXl itnxalB ">1S time required 
for her pollution (by improper contact) and her surrender 
to the seducer. 

Pl^» P*J^.> P"$ m - (P"«*> cmp.. pin ; pIX, pIS, 
cmp. p"in) a perforated vessel, a sort of clepsydra used 
in sick rooms. Erub. 104 a pIXa 'pfciBBl Mus. a. oth. (ed. 
plX^a read 'X To, Ms. M. "pIX, indistinct, Ms.' Oxf. SIX, 
Ar. pis a. pIX, v. Ar. ed. Koh.) you may, on the Sabbath, 
let water drip from the Arak for a sick person; Y. Erub. 
X, 26 d top p1»a -pS-tola C]i&iaa); Tosef. Sabb. II, 8 la 
pIX ed. Zuck. (Var. pIXJl). 

l^p~lK I f. (=XS1X, cmp. ppl, v. fix) earth. Jer. 
X, 11.— Pesik. Bahod. p. 155 a ; Gen. R. s! 13; a. e. 

5tfp"l(^II pr. n. pi. ("Apx7],'Apxat) Area, also called 
A. Gms'area, Cms. Libani, at the North- Western foot of 
Mount Lebanon. Gen. R. s. 37 (interpreting iplSrt Gen. 
X, 17) •pybn 'X (some ed. bplX). [Cmp. hSSi nplS.Bekh. 
57 b , v. Neub. Geogr. p. 33; 299.] 

atSnjTlH, v. XBBp!=X. 

StfDDpHJtf, read preced. 

Iisbipn^, v. 'pix. 

.. W^pT!*, l^^lpnX m. V l. HerculianiMly 
of guards instituted by Diocletian, together with the 
Joviani, to supersede the prsetorians (Gibb. 1, 434 ; v. Sachs 
Beitr. I, 113 sq.). Esth. R. to I, 3 'p 1ST isVlSi (corr. 
'1X1 "0X1S1" 1 ). 

pTpIN, l^^plX, read l^lp&X m. (aoxauXrn) 
per former. on the bag-pipe. Targ. II, Esth. I, 3 W 'X 
'SI a bag-piper, walks at (over) the head of all (ref. to 
the wind passing over the flax stalks on the field; in a 
riddle on linen). 

PP"!^ m - P 1, crocus plants. Mass. Kallah, quot. in 
Hebr. Diet! fr. Gitt. 70 a , v. Xp^lia. 

Vbjn«, v. r*p^. 

. &^?p~IS<, read tsi^plX pr. n. ,m. Seraclius, the 
of Maximianus, the associate emperor of Diocle- 



weeps 



tian. Y. Ab. Zar. I, 39 d top '31 'bpil MS I, Diocletian 
the king, have instituted the annual fair of Tyre in honor 
of the genius of my brother Heraclius (Heracles). 

,J$ITjpHS$ I f. (ppl) beaten, wrought metal, opp. HCBO 1 ^ 
q.'v. Sabb. 59 b Ar. (ed. tttjpilK, Var. KhJMI, v. EabV. D. 
8. a. 1. note). 

JAST!|?~lN,II f. shoe-thong, v. xpis, Xhpis. Yeb. 102 a , 
v. NPOBJt.' 

CNlTlp JsS III f. (cmp. preced.) name of a parasite 
worm in'the bowels, perh. fluke-worm. Sabb. 109 b ed. 
(Ms. M. XhXpl!* pi., Ms. O.ShpllK, Ar. "IS). Cmp. Xpfe. 
[Mus.=h. )ip-\^ jaundice; cmp. 'pplX.] 

"Hit (b. h. ; y*\X, sec. r. of 11N, cmp. Tin, to break 
through, to make holes, meshes &c; v. aiX, Six, nix, 11X, 
mx, "[IK &c.) I) to dig, stab; v. TJiK.— 2) to ^oirai ow£ 
for execration, [or fo set outside] ; (cmp. Bin a. api, a. 
also "pa) ; fo curse.— Part. pass, 111JJ, f. fffds, pi. t^llix &c. 
Shebu 36 a ; a. fr.— *Y. Sot. II, 18 a top fiKIa Vol' ""3 
HX V'n tfia (read "OX) you might infer from the word 
me (Num. V, 18) that it must have the color of water, 
therefore the root arar is used in connection therewith 
(i. e. water in which the curse written with ink has been 
washed off and is recognizable in the mixture) ; '51 "I1X "'X 
(read 11X) from arar again you might infer that the 
drink must have the color of ink, therefore we read me, 
which means the color of water and the color of ink 
(a colored thin fluid); cmp. Bab. Sot. 1 6 b (where the same 
argument is used with reference to blood). — Part. pass. 
f. hillX cacophem. for idol. Ab. Zar. 51 a Xisa^a 11 '&6 
Ms.M. (ed.T'sV) so much the more for that cursed (idol). 

Pi. "list, II^X to curse. Gen. B. s. 36, end I^Ka. Cant. 
B. to IV, 11 '31 fillXIU which Joshuah had cursed. Pesik. 
B..s. 26 mtt1»;V. fr. 

Nif. a. JVtfApa. 11&U, lixhi to be cursed. Num.E.s.14 
'31 1T1K5 xb they were not cursed before seventy verses 
were completed (Gen. 1, 1 to III, 14 ; Esth. Ill, 1 to VII, 10). 
Y. Sot. IX, 24 b bot.; Tosef. ib. XV, 2 IllXtU 

~l"1Nl ch. same. Targ. II Kings IX, 34 XhlllX the 
cursed.— X^IIIX, 1111X m. pi. Arurs, the Bible" chapters 
containing the word arur (Lev. XXVI, 14—46; Deut. 
XXVIII, 15—69); [Hebr. mtlDin or rYlVbp].' Y. Meg. Ill, 
74 b hot.— Meg. 3 l b 'SO . . . . biala Xp read the arurs in an 
undertone. Koh. B. to VIII, 3. 

TT$' lT" 1 ^ m - (v - '"'- X) da 99 er - Snh. 30 b ; 41 a 
"IS '.li. (ed. a. Ms.'"flX). [Oth. opin. club. Var. pilX.] 

*£T)!tf (b. h.; Ps. XXI, 3 ; yiX,' cmp. &1X a. ffllh) 
fo weave, arrange, trnsf. fc> j>&m. Gen. B. s. 9 blip 
'31 tfJIX); &t'bli5 IS before yet my tongue prepares a word. 
[In later liturgic poetry fflIX is used in the sense of 
meditation, devotion.] 

JT^QISTIfiJ pr. n. pi. ('Opdtoaia.; I Mace. XV, 37) 
Orthosia, a Phoenician seaport, Sputh of the river Eleu- 



theros. Gen. B. s. 37 (translat. ofhas-sini Gen. X. 17; 
Targ. 0. ib. iKMMX, Y. I iX&iaiX, II "WM1B3). 

yPBlpimN, read^SipioIX m.(apTOY.om6-i)bakery, 



}XTvT\#, ^5iT!"l5< m. (-[hi) chariot, vehicle. Targ. 
II Ohr. X,' 18; a. e — PL T^enx, T3h1X. Targ.Y. I, Ex. 
XV, 4 (Y. II '3ih1). 

ES^ c. (b.h.; ffifflX 1) 1) /ere. Sabb. ll a ; a.e. hlisii 'S3 
as destructive as fire to the flax. Sot. 48 b hllMa 'S3 like 
fire among flax, i. e. inflaming the senses. Gen. E. s. 39 
'X 'bffl tea (v. tea) destruction by fire.— Num. B. s. 2 end 
rYWlh 'X fire from outside of the sanctuary; a. fr. 
— PI. him. Yoma 21 b ; a. fr.— 2) fever, hlass Ij© 'X. 
Gitt. 70 a . 

N^N, N^N,!*^, SWN,*N f. ch. same. 
1) fire. Targ. T Gen. XV, T 17; a. fr.— B. Mets. 85 b "plisa 
XU5X1 torches. Men. 53 a '31 XffliX may fire consume him. 
—2) fever. Targ. Y. Gen. XXI, 15.— Yoma 29 a '31 XhttPX 
the fever in winter time. Sabb.66 b sq. XhVh 'X tertian; 
Xhliaa 'X inflammatory fever, sail na 'X quotidian. 
Yeb. 71 b ">X rTWi"i fever fed its' vital energies. Snh. 108 b . 



a£a oh, v 



X181X. 



3ffl^=aiiJri. Part.Ithp. atixa respected, v. asSh Ithpa. 

"jnilUCJN, lltHE^N m. (1310; cmp. nipa)' collection 
of icater, pond; cavity for reception of water, opp. fffra 
slope. Pes. 42 a 'X talpa place where water poured out 
would remain stagnant. Ab. Zar. 72 a ; Ohol, III, 3, opp. 
OIBBp. Toh. VIII, 9; a. e. 

2T"QE!N, read SilSttJX. 

PT^S, JTl^H f. (15U3) current phraseology (v. 
IISllj part', pass. ofV^j)— l™^ 5 «T^«5» (V) current phrase 
not meant exactly (arising from one's being accustomed 
to use a certain word in association with others). Y. 
Meg. n, 73b bot. ; Y. Ber. H, 4 d . 

7tiX, itiX, TBfrj. ( Y^, y. ^TUi v. H. Diet. s. 
v. UBS) to pour out, to shed (blood), to deposit (ashes). 
Targ. Lev. XVII, 4; a. fr— Sabb. 156 a Sal TUB!* a shedder 
of blood.— Part. pass. Tum shed, spilt. Targ. Mic. I, 4; 
III, 10; a.e. 

tfrrm^tf, v . *$*?$*■ 

Srj^N f. pi. (iiii5=h. hii 1 ;) tofera/ supports, arms. 
Targ.Yltiugs X, 19. 

TVffiA f. (b.h.; v.ttJiK, BiS), const. hUJS, woman, wife. 
Pes. VIli,l. Ab.Zar. 25 b h^S tlfwi ^3 'X woman carries 
her weapon with her, is protected against murder by gent- 
iles (who wouldrather assault her innocence). Ib. haitDh 'S 
a woman of high rank (influential). Ib. IhlaiBa ihias his 



si^irw 



wife's presence guards him from wrong-doing; a. fiv — 
PI. t™ (hTOi) q. v. 

nyiS burnt-offering, v. fittest. 

nittjK, rmtfa (awu *ntf«) f . <*«», cmp . 

StrnBSt a. BtniSJSt) siew, reeJ, clue, esp. s'foyf around which 
the wool is put, spool. Kel. XXI, 1 the wool which is 
on the distaff 'Stai Ar. (ed. 'Sta corr. ace.) or on the spool. 
Tosef.Kel.B. Bath. 1, 6 iTlllBStn 13S Vsiii 132 ed. Zuck. ( Var. 

TlTOISj m. pi. (Syr. ashuha P. Sm. 406, mil)) prop. 
the bending, a genus of weak (female) cedar, disting. fr. 
nst male cedar. Sahb. 157 a (Ms.M. WB). [Opin. in Ar. 
cypresses.] 

mfix, v. hjti«. 

^3N cuouk, v. lW* 

"jTCfej, W^S tod, v. •)**. 

MTOiS m. (b. h. 111% v. IBS, -jaw) dewse vapor, 
steam; vapor-room in the bath (sudatio). Y.Ned. IV, 38 a 
top he who bathes in the small caldarium (v. Sm. Ant. 
s. v. Baths) 'St a05 takes away vapor (and does not benefit 
his fellow-bather by his presence). Y. Shebi. VIII, 38 a 
top 'S& I'b frife»St take it up for me to the vapor-room. 
Gen. R. s. 33. 

"fiONj, interj., with St"«h (11113) go on, make haste, 
quick! Gitt. 34 a SWi fib lan 'St make haste, give her the 
letter of divorce; quick! Sabb. H9 a SWI 'st SWi 'St. 
Ber. 57 b ipilS 'St Ar. (ed. 1B1H1) run, ye pious ones. 

Trow pr. n. (b. h.) Ashur, Assyria, Assyrian nation. 
Gen. B. s. 37; a. fr.— Toma 10 a ; Keth. 10 b pbt) T\ 'St 
(Stp"fe))Asliur means (the later) Seleucia (ad Tigrim). Snh. 
106 a (referring to the Parthian kingdom). [Yalk. Bzek. 376, 

v. m« 3).] 

"H-1^ m., CTH^N f. Assyrian, esp. the modern 
form of Hebrew type (square), supposed to have been 
brought along by the returning Babylonian captives, and 
made to supersede the older Hebrew (Syriac or Samaritan, 
113S) characters. Y. Meg. I, 71 b '=1 Sfi3 1*> ffl-i 'it the 
Assyrian (trans-Euphratic, Chaldaic) language had a (de- 
veloped) type of writing, but no tongue (cultivated gram- 
mar) &c. [See the whole discussion, ibid.] Cmp. Snh. 21 b . 
Meg. 8 b . Esth. B. to I, 22; a. e.— Meg. 1, 8; Y. Sot. VII, 
beg. 21 b millUSt theHebrew language in its modern type. 

DlttJItf Ar., Kltt^St ed. f. (b. h. niUSt Ps.LVHI, 9; IlilSt 
or 121»St, v. lSU3St2) [groping, cmp. l»ii, ffltttt,] mole. Gen. 
B. s. 51 (alluding to esheth Ps. 1. c.) '31 It 'SO like that 
mole which sees not the light. Kel. XXI, 3 'Sttt hTiSa 
the bow for shooting moles (v. Maim. a. 1.). M. Kat. 
I, 4; cmp. ib. 6 b .— Y. ib. 80 c , explained irfen. 

«Tfltt5»eh. 
LVIII, 9. 



.Targ. 0. Lev. XI, 30. Targ. Ps. 



ISfflipX, const, hllBSt f. pi. C"W))- 1) meshes, trnsf. 
tricksVTaxg. Is. XXV, 11 (h. text niaist).— 2) v. Stmttt. 

p!25N m. (NT©, cmp. still? a. llUSt) winnowing, Targ. 
Y. I, Gen.'xXXV, 16 there was yet '31 Strife* 'St ''SSIb 
(comment, to Targ. Y. a. 1. reads 'jllfflSt) much winnowing 
of the produces of the land &c. (h. text mas, cmp. Gen. 
R. s. 82, a. Pesik. B. s. 3, explaining Gen. 1. a), [Targ. 
Y.II '31 alia; Targ.Y.Gen.XLVIII,7'31 StSISt TSSID IISI] 

-finHJItf pr. n. m. (b. h.) Ashhur, Sot. 12 a (I Chr. 
IV, 5). : " 

■ iratam v. TiiBwjN*. ' 

""SJItf pr. n. m. Ashshe, 1) E. A. bar Sinai, president 
of the academy of Sura (beginning of the fifth century), 
generally accepted as the redactor of the Gemara (v. 
Stlaa). Gitt. 59 a . B. Mets.86 a ; a. ft.— 2) Other Amoraim 
by that name. Sabb. 75 b ; a. fr. [Y. Ber. I, 3 a top STOSt.] 

]*0ttJN, ^fiX, ]^ti# pr. n. m. Ashyan, name 
of several Amoraim'. Y.Ter.IJ41 a . Ber. 14 a . — Y. Ab.Zar. 
HI, beg., 42 b A. Nagra (the carpenter).— Y.Yeb. XI, 12 a 
bot. Y. Meg. I, 71 c bot.— V. ■£«£. 

MFD^N! a word made up as a disguise of KWiaaj, 
oath (cmp. ai'lU=SaiB). Ned. 10 b ; cmp. StplptBSt. 

TttJS, T% v. must. 

ni" 1 ^ f. pi. Snh. 108 b Ar., v. W8J1BS. 

XQ" 1 ^, fiD^N. (b. h.) pr. n. m. AsUma, idol of 
theHam'attieans. T Y. Ab'.Zar.lII, 42 d top (ref. to H Kings 
XVII. 30) '31 SOoiSt A. is represented as a lamb, as you 
read el hddsham (Lev. V, 16); Snh. 63 b called 'bald 
buck' (goat). 

■p^v.rast. 

WTON, Snh. 96 b , StllHI 'St, v. Stf ia. 

ssi* 1 ©^, pi. stji ,, s?«, n^st, v. stfti" 1 ^?^. 

. JlT^JSl, H"]^ f. (b. h.) Asherah, tree (grove) 
devoted to idolatry (v.Mov. Phcen. p. 567; Sm. Bibl. Diet. 
s. v.). Ab.Zar. Ill, 5; 7. Succ. 31 b fllBal 'St an Asherah 
to which the Mosaic law refers (remnant of anti-Mosaic 
idolatry). Pes. 27 a ; a. fr. PI. tWt&t, hillBK. Ab. Zar. 
Ill, 7 ; a. fr.— SilUJSt. Pirke d'B. El. ch. XXVI. 

SSSnn" 1 ^, ^"l^iS ch. same. Targ. 0. Deut. XVI, 
2 1 ; a. f r.— PZ.'stilliaJSt, "pl^K, S^ttKJ, IttJSt. Targ. II Kings 
XXHI, 14; XVII, 10- Targ.' Is. XVII, 8; a. e. 

^I^SSt m. (cmp. next w.)jug. Sabb. 141 a 'Stl . .. . s6 
I plrt^Ms". M. a. Ar. (ed. Stl^lli) you must not squeeze 

a cotton stopper into the mouth of a jug(on the Sabbath). 

B. Bath. 144 a SthlBal 'St ed. (Ms.M. StlUlBSt, Ms. H. StliJiffii) 
| a jug of oil. [Pes. 36 b fUBilBSt (q. v.), according to Samuel, 
j identic with our w.=Stlam SOU.] 



«)m 



n2jPI252$ f. (b. h., BIDS) anything made compact and 
substantial by pressing, whence 1) cake, pan-cake (in Bible 
pressed raisin-cake). Pes. 36 b excluding from 'bread 
of misery', 'XI Hlifl pudding and pan-cake. [Talmudic 
etymology, ibid., 'one sixth of an epha of flour made into 
a cake'.] Y. ib. II, 29 b bot.— Bab. ib. 1. c. Samuel says 
'31 aan '8, ashishah,(n-Sam.Yl,19) means a jug of wine 
(v. preced.).— PJ.nitBiim(b.h.). Hull.124 15 lilaad dVTl Til* 
'K3. to me to-day the Bibl. words apply, 'Support me with 
cakes' (Cant. II, 5); Bets. 21 a . — 2) pi. dUDHUX, "|" l l5" , aiX 
cakes made of boiled lentils impregnated with honey. Ned. 
VI, 10; cmp. T. ib. 40 a bot. 

1"HEJ1tt3!S! C h. pi. as preced. 1). Targ. Y. Ex. XVI, 31 

(h. nw)." . ■ 

D^ttfet, "pMS!> v. ™^2). 
ZVl£# or rfiES&J, pi. nii^x, v. marts. 

arrtis or ntp^' arntiw t (=h. ^ j er . 

L, 15, K'thib miBX; iltt), cmp.' niffi) [messes, to/ers, v. 
XrTOK a. «ai1N,] frame-wall. B. Bath. 7 a . Ib. 59 a SiriTi 
iXilHUX my framework will be shaken (by the hammer- 
ing). Ber. 56 a i&M 'X (read xiS31 ; Ms. M..8rY""Q WS1) 
that my wall fell in.— PZ. XniilzJ!*, fcttliBIX, SttV^SJilSt, also 
Knim, NniTOW. Targ. Ps. XV 3 (h.text ninV)/ a. fr — 
Ber. 28 a "31 XhifflX the walls of his house. B.Kam.20 b .— 
[Not to be confounded with m foundation.} V.NHim, 

njttfct. T - TT • 

NS^lB&t^ttjttji!* six.— PL "pFiiuiit s«c$y. Y. Taan. 
IV, 68 d bot.'lpiF|ilUX, l&ft'lBSt sixteen. Y. Sot. V, 20 b bot. 
IPTl nUBN corr. ace. 

^jlEjItf m. (b. h. ; denom. of ttjix) testicle. PI. di31UK. 
Bekh.' VII, 5 (44 b ). Tosef. ib. V, 4.— Denom. 13«5l«a owe 
/jawra^ large testicles. Bekh. 1. c. (Gem. ed. pffinsw, v. 

iasiB). 

NTQSESfct I f. (apffi) %% doM)w, death. Keth. I03 b . 

ISFQIDtiJN II f. (preced.) butcher's shop. 'XI 5»i3p 
butcher's dissecting knife [Tosaf. slaughtering knife], 
B. Mete. 116 a ; Sabb, 123 b . 

bl32J^, bi>E5l$ m. (b. h. cmp. ito) bunch, cluster 
(of grapes). Y. Nazi II, beg. 51 d '31 'xi nxip STTin the 
Bible calls the (berry in the) cluster must (tirosh, ref.tols. 
LXV, 8) while people (at present) call the dried berry 
must (i. e. in common parlance abstinence from 'berry' 
means from grape-juice, must &o.).— biXS ill) il31!)K the 
ovary (of birds). Tosef. Zab.V, 9; Bets. 7 a — Midd; in, 8 
3iTT ill) 'X a gold imitation of a cluster of grapes.— 2)Trnsf. 
a distinguished scholar (opp. /pis leaves^the ignorant); 
v, infra. Cant. B. to 1,14, a. e. (play on the word) U)iX 
13. ?3lnll) a man in whom all is contained, i. e. universality 
of knowledge.— PI. fliiiBtffX,' niiisipx. Hull. 92 a S13.1D 'X 
'31 the grapes thereon (on the nation), that means the 



scholars; cmp. Lev. B. s. 36.— Esp. the scholars of the 
early Maccabean period. Sot. IX, 9 (47 a ); Tern. 15 b . Y. 
Sot. IX, 24 a top, v. niiW; Tosef. B. Kam. VIII, 13 nii3!I)iX. 

Ch. xianx. 

n 30^, v. ibumx.- 

bltX, v. Matis. 

^SON Ar., t]3WlX ed., m. (v. XS3;U1X) [the saddler,] 
a genus of edible, locusts. Hull. 65 b 'xn Xiaili to imply 
the ashkaf (among the dsip). 

NSD1DN, Keth. 77 b 'XI 11115 Ar. ed., read XSUJX as 
in Ar, ed. Koh. s. v. 115, v. note ibid. T V- 

N13t5is m. (prob, a denom. of 13) a wagon, wagon- 
toad; T [b. 'h. 131UX gift, tribute; cmp. Is. XVI, 1]. PL 
■)i13U3X. Targ/ls'. V, 10 (h. text las). Targ. II Esth. 
I, 3 'pbSloi 'X (read '»1) loads (gifts) of &c. (after Ps. 
LXXH, 10). 

5i~l3125!St m. (v. P. Sm. 408) box-tree or ebony tree 
[prob. a' denom. of -pBX=^8)tt, cmp. -Xlplffla]. Neg. II, 1 
'=1 dUiritt) xi 'X3 like the eshk'roa, neither black nor 
white but of an intermediate color. B v Bath 89 b ''31L'X 
ed. (corr. ace, v. Babb. D. S. a. 1. note 30). Ypma III, 
9 (8) 'X ill! niillS ballot tablets of box- wood (cmp. Sm, 
Ant. s. v. Buxum); expl. Y. ib. 41 a top 'pipDa='opiS 
(utevov). 

5tf2?i~)2>©sSt ch. same. PI. f SilBlUX, yS1?l!BX. Targ. 
Is.XLI, 19'(h. text HlDXln); LX, 13. Targ. Ezek.XXVII, 6 
(h. text di111B»-nai). 

" i rH3!£)£$ f. (prob. fr. its color, v. preced.) mole (?). 
Hull! 6> Ar! Var. s. v. iXISIp; v. niXS. 

512JS m. (b. h.; itl)X to be firmly rooted, "|/lDX, v. 
U)11)X; v.Ges.H.Dict.s.v.) 1) tamarisk, symbol of strength 
and eminence.— Pi!, diilBX, const. liujx. Y. B. Mets. I, 
end, 8 a '31 yon?n 'X the eminent (old) among the Baby- 
lonian scholars are hut like the pidgeons (the young) 
among the Palestinean; cmp. Y. Ned. VI, 40 a hot. — 
2) plantation, pleasure-garden, tent. Sot. 10 a ; Gen. B.. 
s. 54 end (ref. to Gen. XXI, 33, v. Targ. a, 1.).— *3) pr. n. 
Eshel, a river in Assyria. Snh. 92". Yalk. Ezek. 376 
11115X). 

£<btj^, J^b^ ch. as preced. 1). Targ. I Sam. 
XXII^6. ! — PL liW.— 13131 'N great men (v. preced.). Ab. 
Zar. 7 b '1 'SO Niih it hangs on high tamarisks, i. e. 
originates from great men. Bets. 27 a ; B. Bath. 31 b . 

!jOC£^ m. (iiii) to draw up) rope, tow; net. Targ. 
Job XVIII, 10; a. e, Gitt. 69 a Spins Wf&ft 'X a rope 
of an old litter, Keth. 85 a 'OQ iii nnaa he pulled it with 
a rope. B. Kam- H6 b 'K in one rope's length away from 
the shore. — PL littix, N^itisi, "|llii!J«. Targ. Job XXXVIII, 
31. Targ.Y.Gen.X, 26; T a.'e. [Targ.IChr.1,20 StiilUIX.]— 
B. Kam. I.e.— Succ. 16 a 'K SllUa to twist ropes fora couch. 
B. Mets. 107 b ; v. Ulna,— Bekh. 8 b '31 '« 'Vf*» bring ye 
ropes and measure. Keth. 67 a , v. SWap. 



ablBN 



•nferia 



»P{0?S m. (abw) a kind of alkali, or mineral used as 
a soap'. Nidd. IX, 6; Sabb. IX, 5; Snh. 49 b 'XI X^iiap 
Ms. M. a. oth. (ed. "fJlBX). 

SJ3tiJS, W 5125 ch. same. Nidd. 62 a (explaining the 
as/ife# of 'the Mlshnah) '31 !TaU5 'X (Ar. Xliffi) its name 
is ashl'ga, and it is found in the holes in which pearls 
sit, and is scraped out with an iron nail; Sabb. 90 a XlbB 
Ar. .(Ms. M. Xlblffl, ed..St3&»ltt5). Y. ffll rYrax. 



•]hm, 



'■ &vx. 



IIQ^OX, SrfiDbttJN (Kraals, pi. xrmabm) f. 
(DblB=h. tnxisa) ^{finishing) I) fitting, setting". Targ. Ex. 
XXV, 7; XxVlII, 17; a. e.— 2) initiation. Targ. Y. Lev. 
VIII, 28. lb. 33; 34; a. e. Omp. TplS'Tl. 

D©S (b. h. ; DattJ) 1) to be waste (cmp. Ezek. VI, 6 ; 
Hos. XIV, 1). Snh. 97 a Dtt»j£. (in parall. passages dW); 
v. I^as.— 2) to neglect, be guilty. — Denom.: 

, U ©is m. (b. h.) guilt; guilt-offering, asham, a special 
kind of offering. — ^Pi 'X (Lev. V, 18) an asham to be 
offered when you are in doubt as to the commission of 
a sinful act. Kerith. HI, 1; a. fr.; (ib. 17 b differ, opin. 
as to thenature of the doubt). Ib. VI, 3 DTtorvbtBX the 
asham offered by the over-scrupulous because they may 
have transgressed. — iKTi 'X the asham for the undoubted 
commission of certain offenses, which are: a) mVtl 'X for 
illegal appropriation of private property (after pecuniary 
reparation; Lev. V, 25); b) tYl^Sa 'X for misappropriation 
of sacred property (Lev. V, 16); c) SlBVin hriBtfJ 'X for 
carnal connection with a slave betrothed to another man 
(Lev.XIX, 21);— d) Tni 'X the offering of a nazarite when 
interrupting the days of vowed nazaritism by levitical im- 
purity (Num. VI, 12).— Deut. B. s. 1, beg. (alluding to 
&atoxi Deut. I, 13) SVO aaaix 1 ] it is so written that you 
may read v'ashmam (and their guilt); if you listen not 
to them '31 I'fth fiattJX (read baffix) their guilt shall fall 
uponyourheads (you will be answerable forwhat offenses 
they may commit); differ, in Sifre Deut. 13. [Our'Bible 
editions, however, read ba^BX!, plene.]— PI. niaBKt. Kerith. 
VI, 4. Sifre 1. c; a. fr. * 

(SDtpS f. (=h. fratffX) guilt. Targ.Y. Lev. XXII, 16 

snttJN, ansa (satis) m. (=h. &$*) gum, 

guilt-offering. Targ. 0. Lev.'V, 15; a. it— PI. 'paffiX. 
Targ. II Chron. XXVIII, 10. 

n SQ^!!<, ^fflfiX m. (v. bU5X 1) waste (in mind); 
ignorant, neglected; cmp. "lia. Kidd. 32 b 'X IpT an uncultur- 
ed, rough old man. Sifra to Par. Ill, ch. VII iiaiBX (as 
noun). Cmp. fiaUfX. 

n Sia2JS, ^"lOtiS pr.n.m.(Pers.Aeshma,Aesh- 
madad, Kohut Jiid. Angel, p. 72; Bapap. Er. Mill. s. v.) 



Ashm'day, chief of demons. Targ. Koh. 1, 12.— -Pes. 110 a . 
Gitt. 68 a . Num.B. s. 11; a. e. 

riQ©S f. (b. h.; bttSX) negligence, guilt. Shek.VI, 6. 
— Gen.B'.s.49'3VX ijpl elders in coarseness (cmp. "'Nam) 
which is (in Chaldaic) elders of shame.— PI. tviarax, v. 
teux. 

. rniatia, rniatia f. (b.h. **&■&*, maiax; *mv>) 

night-watch, ivatch,'a certain portion (three or four hours) 
of the day, called a watch (v. Sm. Ant. s. v. Castra). 
Ber. I, 1 '31 'xn fcp& the end of the first watch of the 
night; a. fr.— PL niliaaJX. Y. Ber. 1, 2 d top '31 'X. (ri)S3nx 
the day is divided into four watches, and so is the night ; 
cmp. Bab. ib. 3 a . 

fc^DttJS pr. n. pi. Ashmaya, in the district of Tyre. 
Y. Dem. il, 22 d top (corrupt.; for X*>a U5X1 read: '81); 
Tosef. Shebi. IV, 9 -fcraun ed. Zuck. (Var. 'XI). 

■njQttfS, v. «. 

"JI2JS ( ]A5X, v. ffiffiX; cmp. *jrr&, iVX, 115?, STX) fo Se 
substaniial,dense,strong,hard. — Part, (as adj.) "pfflX, XJi'rx 
Ar. (ed., Ms. M. ^m. XiTOX). Hull. 136 b , opp. -p-J lb.' 
76 a . Sabb. 155 a '31 ^mi yaiTl Ar. (Ms. M. X2TOX, ed. 
^USIpX) carob fruits which are hard .... aftermath which 
is hard (dry). Cmp. ]10\ 

sSJlZJSs pr. n. pi. Ashna, supposed to be near Tyre. 
Esth. T B. to I, 4 (Var. nam). 

*]2j5S m. (b.h. ; S)tffl, v. PI. to Levy Talm. Diet. 1, 283 lj ) 
enchanter, (astrologer).— PZ.tai&lBX. Tanh. Mikketz 2 (ref. 
to Dan. II, 2) ^tan 'pnVTCS "&X 'X*= the Ashshafim, these 
are those who press (lay stress) upon the planetary con- 
stellation, pm )Wh 'X pas for the root ashaf means fo 
firess (ref. to S]Xt», Amos VIII, 4). 

*f$$< ch. same. Dan. II, 10.— PI. 'pfflsx, X*Bs;x. Ib. 
H, 27-" V, 11; IV, 4. 

SStiS m. (XBffi, C]BlD) dressed skin. Keth. 77 b 
'XI XT"|il'the shavings of a hide when it is smoothed. 
[Ar. s. v. Til I ed. XS3SX, ed. Koh. XSfflX.] 

n&tiS, HSti^S f. (b. h. n'siox; rtsai, nsaj, to &e«p 
«p, cmp. Is. XIII, 2J Ps. XXII, 16) jnfe,. dunghill. Y. 
Keth. I, 25 d bot. "iX. Hull. 12 a ; a. fr.— 'XH 1S1B (b. h. 
n&fflxn 115, nBffln 'ill) ff^i Gate, name of a Jerusalem gate. 
Sabb. 15 a ; a. fr.— PI. rviSKUX. Ex. B. s. 10 'X S31N four 
heaps (of dead frogs,=b. h. di"ian); a. fr.— Euphem. 
'xb imsa using means to prevent conception (applied to 
both, man a. woman). Keth. VII, 5. (Ib., 72 a , ace. to 
Boraitha, literally, 'to draw water and pomr it out on 
the dunghill' — as a foolish act). Gen. B. s. 85, ref. to Gen. 
XXXVIII, 7.— [Homiletic interpretation of iriSfflX i», 
Lam. HI, 13, 'the sons of those laid low' (conquered); 
Lam. B. a. 1., Esth. B. to I, l b , v. X^Six, XS^IX.] 

"HlStiS Ab. Zar. 20 b , X1BU5X. 



rnSfflSS! f. (=h. rtpja q. v.) basket, as a measure, 
emp.SMSis. Y. Dem.li,'22 d top.— PI. nr&BUJX. Ibid. (ed. 
nrfjfflSX, corr. ace). 

~©©Stf m. (b. h.; IBB, omp. x"jB1'fi) a goodly piece 
(cmp. !*5ti£;), a certain quantity of meat, eshpar. Pes.36 b 
'31 inx 'X an eshpar is one sixth of a bullock (as if com- 
posed of tiitU and IB; cmp. 1B6K). 

fcVlS^N! m. (IBB) ffie scourer of dresses. PI. '•iBBi. 
At). Zar. 20* (Ms. M. i-PBl»X, ed. "niam). 

TB2M, DB^N'f. (b. h. 'iux, v. HB1B8) Ae 0J3 , j>ife, 

dunghill. PI. riin's^x, 'tfjix. Shebi. III.V— Sot. 42 b "ix 
'31 bt! "W piles of slain. ' 

nj^pEJ^ (ftppE^) ashkukah, a fictitious word 
as a disguise ofnsia'Jf, otrfft, I swear (omTp.ipty*, ■fciB'W). 
Ned. 10 b -dlte las xb 'X if one says ashkukah, he has 
said nothing (his vow is not binding); v. nplpllj. 

1"i5(5E5N pr. n. pi. (b. h.) Ashkelon, a Philistian 
< town. Y. Shebi. VI, 36 c ; Sifre Deut. 51, v. xnsiS; a. e.— 
Deriv. ijftptUX m. Ashkelonian. Y. Peahl, IS top.— Pi. 
CMftBttJS, pi .... Kel. XIII, 7 Ashk. levers; a. e. 

^?DjptJJ^ f. (ipffl) transaction, sale. B. Bath. 48 b 
signed as one of the witnesses 'XXI XSIlaX both on the 
owner's protest against the forced sale and on the deed 
of sale. 

ppm/^^, ^«, *&& m.(v.K| ? l ? B) Ofm 
pfae«, sfVeef. Targ. II Esth.VI, 9; 'a. e.— Y. Taan. III,66 C 
hot.— PI. ^ppfflX&c. Targ. Esth. IX, 14 X=ba 'X the royal 
markets. Targ. Y. I Deut. XXIX, 16; a. e. 

"HEJ^ ,(b. h. /ax, cmp. next w.; v. Ges. H. Diet. s. 
v., as to opinions on etymol.) [being,} who, which. Ber. 
ll b '31 ina.'X who hast chosen us; a. v. fr. (in prayer 
formulas).— In Talm. mostly prefix-IB. 

~)0&$ (b. h., l/ax, v. UitSJx) to exist, be strong, happy; 
v. -«j\ T 

Pi. Ili^X, 11BX (b. h.) 1) to eawW, praise, declare happy. 
Pesik. B. s. 45 d^ffiXa Winn he commenced by declaring 
them happy; v. "^ltSXy — 2) fe> substantiate; to verify, attest 
to. Num. B. s; 14 -ynn nx "llBfcA to, give strength to the 
legal decision, Y. Gitt. IX, 50 c bot in!D"ll»">X (iniilfflix) 
we have verified it in the presence of &c. — Part. pass. 
"iSSXa 1) firm, strong. Gen. B. s..< 15, beg. the bux-tree 
is called -ffiBXFl because it is '31 'Xa the strongest of all 
(cmp. blSJX). Y. Succ. Ill, 54 a top; Y. Meg. I, 72 a top 
'31 -,1:33113' 'XOh the strongest (expression) of all, is Halle- 
lujah. — 2) substantial, good, rich. Gen. K. s. 90, end (ref. 
to -11BX 1=2 nx Gen. XLI, 56) dna'tB TpffilXan the best 
stores of all. lb. s. 28. — Snh. 22 a is called Ashurith rVlliilXatti 
anaa becauseits characters'are substantial (Ar. -ilBlJtaas); 
Y. M'eg. I, 7;i b bot.; Y. Sot. VII, 21 c top. 

Hithpa. -iffixnn to be setup, be erected.. Sifra K'dosh. 
beg. (play on bi'iBJK) d^inxa d^xna dni» d© b» because 
they are put up by others. 



""©&$ oh. same. \Ithpe. IttSniX to be strengthened. 
Targ. Y.' Deut. X, 2 1lBHii ) pro b. to be read 1SW, v. 

Pa. IffiX 1) to make strong. Keth. 10 b ; Gitt. 70 a (dates) 
■pffiXa give strength. — 2) to confirm, verify; also to credit, 
{consider true). Keth. 21 a '31 'iiTO-iiBX we verified it &c, 
v. preced — Gitt. 30 b (prov.) '31 'x'n">a -pan if you are 
told, 'your friend is dead', believe it; 'your friend has 
grown rich' IlKXfl xl= don't trust. 

"lOfiS m. (b. h.), only in plur. constr. "^rt!3x the hap- 
piness of!, happy is he, are they &c. Pes. 117 a ; a. fr. — 
Midr. Till, to Ps. LXXXIV i&OIBK happy am I.— Yoma 
VIII, 9 tD^TOX happy are ye. ±b/87 a d'p'nslj dn^UDX 
happy are the righteous; a. fr. 

fcotsa, v. x^x. 

"'^H^ m - p 1 - ( y - ""??? Pa -) sale ° n trust > deWs f° r 

goods sold. Pes. 113 a '31 'X "ha in all sales on trust it is 
doubtful, whether it (the money) will be forthcoming or 
not, and if it is, it is bad money, (partial payment, bad 
coins &c).— B. Mets. 63 b '31 'X ilri> hTK he has debts to collect. 
B. Bath. 22 a 'SI 'X ))> ri^X we have outstanding, debts to 
collect (and we must stay until we have collected them). 

'i&nttfx, v. ^x. 

FHtSN, f. legal attestation. Y. Gitt. IX, 50 c bot. 

'psii'in ffym; v. xrniEX. 

fV$#, v. m*. 

^WHE^ f. (i-fi») causing to dwell, dwelling. Targ. 
Is. LXVI, T 1; a. e. 

fcO"]^ m. (-I115X; cmp. XffiX) wall. Ezra V, 3. 

fctTnttJX f. (-I1B8) strength! health!, a greeting ex- 
tended tolaboring men; cmp. -iC'JX. Gitt. 62 a . 

JSfTllSX, Stf'T^ f. (-iSJ») 1) legal attestation. Keth. 
21 b ,a. T eNi b '' 1 TTX theattestation by judges (h. u ,ijii-in h^X, 
v. n"lffiX). B. Bath. 163 a 'xb di*IS -pa (Ar. a. Ms. XIBX) 
the space between the signature of the witnesses and 
the legal attestation.— 2) (cmp. i«S) outstanding debts 
for goods sold. Gitt. 14 a R. S. had '31 iVa-iST 'X money 
outstanding in Mahuza for garments sold. 

fflli)^ (b. h. r.) 1) (]/"BX) to glitter, be polished; v. 
BX a. next ws.— 2) (sec. r. of ffilX) to be thick, substantial; 
to' be pressed, dark, v. •)««, XU1U3X, nifflx, bwx, 11t!X &c^ 

Pi. lSia^X to make firm, found. Part. pass. UJffilXa. 
Pesik. Bahod. p. 101 b ; Cant. E. to II, 5 (play on ashishoth, 
Cant.l.c.)ni!B®1Xan main well-founded decisions. V.'iilX 
XffilX. 

2J©!^ m. (preced. l)acrystal or'ball reflecting the light, 
reflector (v. next w.). Y. E. Hash. II,58 a bot.if the reflection 



StfrPJMfc? ch.same;v.8rptt5lBS. Num.B.s.l2Smi!)SlD 
KVnapl (read ! 1B«). Yalk.Ex.'lSe'sniDS; (Tanh.Vaeral4; 

Ex. b. s. 12 tarns). 

n©5< Y. Ab. Zar. II, 41 d bot. bTip 'S, v. flfflin. 

^D^ f. fire, v. am— [Yalk. Ex. 186, v. Striate.] 

Xl!)ti# six, v. SMTS. 

HlSFlE^ m. <Ae s^ft. Targ. I Chr. XII, 11. 

&n?K2JN,- 'l£*<# (contr. of S^ SFiia, with 'S pref.) tfws 
year^Y. Maas. Sh.'lV, 55 b . 

"I^ri^^, "l^nril^iS! m.(^WU)resistance, rebellion. 
EzraIV,15'; i9.— Targ." Lam. 1,1 'S nsniri (read's"! S3in). 

!tfffl v 3FllE5lSI f. (^1!)) being cast about, shaking. 
Targ. fs. VII, 2 (Ar. filVWS). 

SOIDE^ Ithpe. of illl). 

^EJiFlUJItf m.(bati), v. next w.) confusion, nonsense. 
Hull. 84 b '31 "iasp 'X he talks nonsense, let his inter- 
preter (S^ias) be taken away from him (v. Bashi a. 1. 
for diff. version, a. conception of Silas). 

DQiiTlJZ^, 'l^S (Ithpe. of bail); cmp. Dan. IV, 16) 
he was confounded, siood aghast. Hull. 21 a ; Sabb. 47 a . 

DIDlnfflX Yalk.Lev.568'S!l 1H1, read rraibpfflSfi nj. 

"lini23!S!, HiFl255 pr. n. m. 4s/ifor. Y. Bice. I, 64 a 

'^MJS, v.'^S. 

StfQ^?l©Nl m. (bill)) mart, distinction. Ab. Zar.4l a 
'=1 'S "YOb inpsa Ar. (ed. Ka^fflB'*!*) at first it was 
thought the ring in the hand of a statue was a mere 
distinction (not typical of any religious idea), but after- 
wards it was found out that (it represents the idea that) 
he (the bearer of it) seals himself for death as a vicarious 
sacrifice for the whole world. 

■prWv.i™;. 

fcClTlIEIS! pr. n. m. Ishtitha. Erub. 52 a Ar. (ed. Sttnil^S, 
Var. *ini2)iX, Ms. "TUDiS; v. Babb. D. S. a. 1.) 

^n^lTpiril^ f., constr. MpbttlBS (Tibll)) fainting. 
Targ. T Ps. CXLH, 4. 

2HiO^J8 I (v. next w.) 1) to satisfy one's self from 
the evidence 'of friends, to have one identified: Yeb. 39 1 ' 
'31 ninaa iTTOIlaniBS Ar. (ed. IttnSHlaniDiS) we satis- 
fied ourselves about him that he is the brother &c. — 



2) to recognise. Targ. Gen. XLII, 7 ; 8 ; a. fr. — 3) to be 
recognized, known. Targ. Y. Ex. XXI, 36; a. fr.' — 4) to 
introduce one's self, to befriend. Targ. Buth II, 19; a. e. 

2niQ?KIJ^ II m. (Ishtaf. of the form snia) one who 
proved himself a friend, acquaintance. Targ. Ruth II, 1 ; 
III, 2. 

NfflSJliD^^ f. (v. preced.) 1) partiality, pre- 
ferment. Targ. Is.' III, 9 (h. text biJS. M3I-I).— 2) that by 
which one is recognized, distinctive feature. Targ. Y. Gen. 
xlix, 5 (h. text 'ni-oa=='rYh3a). 

IDDFlttJStf, fctD^DCHZ?^ f.(baii)) desolation. Targ. 
Zeph. II,"l3;'a. e. V 

"l&iTlffiltf (contr. of nbS StllUs, cmp. l&iSIK) sixteen. 
Targ.~i : Chr:'lV, 27; a. e. 

^ill^Snffl^ f. (*>SU)) narration, tale, speech. Targ. Y. 
Gen. IX, 2V Targ. Y. Lev. XVI, 6; a. e. 

IQD^FffiJItf f. (basil)) devastation. Targ. II Chron. 

xxrx, T 8"!" 

"Ij?F©X 1) (contr. of risa'ip SW1?) last year; cmp. 
S u jFill?S. T Y.''Gitt. Ill, end, 45^ 'H bll)a )W 'old produces' 
means last year's crop. Bets. 5 b ; a. fr.— 2) (contr. of 
"ip StSB) previously, ere this. Targ. Y. Lev. XVI, 21. 

^WH^ip^, corr. sni^Pias. Targ. Is. VII, 2, ed. 
Ven. 

T\ &t, tD J n i&Athbash, a method of interchanging 
the first letter of the Alphabet (S) with the last (n), the 
second (3) with the last but one (11)), the third from the 
beginning (3) with the third from the end ("1), &c. Num. 
B. s. 13.— lb. s. 18 ha ll»"nS3 "|1D1D Sheshach (Jer. 
XXV, 26) represents Babel by the rule of athbash. 

™ricS formative prefix of the Ithpa., Ithpe. and Ithpo., 
and corresponding nouns; in Talmud mostly ~TptA; cmp. 
"61* a. "b"iS. [For words not to be found here v. sub 
-ffW, a. vice versa.] 

FlNl c. (b. h. BS f.; contr, of rOS) thou. Targ. Gen. 
111,1 l;a.fr.— Y.Snh;I,19 a top'pn la nsi and thou sayest 
so?— [In Talmudic argumentation "lalS ns (ntlS); Chald. 
lax ns, la nx thou sayest, rrb nil a nut thou callest it, 
frequently applied to Scripture texts as though address- 
ing an opponent.] Lev. B. s. 10, end Una bx lalX nsi 
'31 and yet the Scripture says, 'To the entrance of the 
Tabernacle'l i. e. how is this possible? — Y. Pes. V, 32° 
psxb rpi-n la nx Scripture says 'And it shall turn into 
dust'.— Y. Kil. viil, 3i b top rtab max Kb las ns*> p 
las ns, [add the respective bibl. verses after each las a. 
read PrtaS for filaS] there where it reads, 'thou shalt 
not' &c. (Lev. XIX, 19), the text gives ho reason why; 
therefore it is repeated (Deut.XXII, 9 adding the reason) ; 
a, fr.— [las nsl contr. Ha m q. v.]— PL ?ins Cjtti), (WX) 
m. fFiS f. ye. Targ. Ps. CXIV, 6 "prun Ms. (omitted in . 
ed., and third person). Targ. Is. Ill, 14. Targ. Ezek. 



XIII, 20; a. fr.— Y. Snh. VI, 23 d top flM fin Hal (read 
'proa) and what is it ye want ? T. Keth. XII, 35 a -JlPitt 
■jimax ^esaid so; a. fr.— Snh. 109 a iasi VIXI (v. Bashi 
a. 1., Ms. 13S JYW 1SM1, v. Babb. D. S. a. 1. note) that 
ye are thieves. V. tinx, MX. 

na, na, arwi, ainx . (=b. ^ nix ; fr . nxn, 

or ixn, sec. r. of fix or IX ; as to reject, of radical 1 or 
Si, cmp. 3N, nk &c.) sign, type; letter (v. nix II). Targ. 
Ex. XIII, 16; a. fr.— Targ. Is. VII, 11; a. fr.— Pi. fm, 
Xinx. Targ. Gen. I, 14. Targ. Ps. LXXIV, 4; a. e.— 

-pinx, 'pinx, aniinx, ixinx, xniinx (ins). Targ. Ps. l. c. 

Targ. 0. T isrunj.Yl,'2 ed* Berl. '^nx. Var. "jinx, ^inX; Y. 
■pinx (v. Berl. Targ..O. II, p. 39); a. fr.— KoU B. to I, 13 
■jXinx Tl five letters of acrostics— iiinx (iiinx, iiniX). 
Num. B. s. 13, end '31 "pill 'X the letters composing the 
one word (TilSp) are the same as those composing the 
other (nsip). 

SIS, HS (b. h.; cmp. mx, hi; v. Ges. H. Diet. s. v.; 
cmp. hixlll) {essence], a particle of the objective ease, 
but also used as a noun, the thing (which) (cmp. Koh. 

IV, 3, v. nix in). Ohol. II, 4 libs » nx that upon 

which Zeb. 72 b ; Bets. 3 b lUTO rYUoV teTUB nx we 

read (Orl. Ill, 7) that which it is customary to count 
singly, opp. '31 13111!) ia whatever is sometimes counted 
singly; a. fr.- — Ber. I, 1 Sail) nx y*Vp we read the Sh'ma', 
a. v., fr.— [The fact that hX as a particle of the objective 
case ' may be dispensed with, and that hX (fr. FiFiN to 
join) may have the meaning of with, gave rise to a method 
of Biblical interpretation by which, wherever hX occurs 
in the Bible, esp. in laws, an amplification by implication 
is looted for.] Pes. 22 b '31 rYO"lS> hX the word eth (Deut. 
X, 20 [with] the Lord thy God thou shalt fear [some 
one else] intimates that we must pay reverence to the 
scholars next to God. lb, 11)111 &6 hX "pixl and as to 
the other authority (that differs) ? He does not interpret 
eth (as having a particular meaning); a. fr.— PZ. bin*, 
"pHS the word eth occurring in Scripture, as a substratum 
for interpretation. lb. '31 'x )>5 Bill mn used to inter- 
pret every eth in the Law; a. fr. Num. B. s. 10 Mix ft 
'31 'X "xo this is one of the three eths &c. 

#£$1 letter, sign, v. rt*. 

fcClX, 5*n^ll ch. (b. h. tinx, xnx; sec. r. of nix I 
q. v.) [to join,] to come, to arrive; to occur to. Targ. Gen. 
XIX, 9; a. fr.— Y. Peah III, 17 d hot. '31 Xia 1 © iXhX the 

case came before Gen.B-s,68 (ref.to Gen. XXVIII, 

11) Stfflatt) 'X the Sun (Jacob) has arrived. Snh. 98 lj 
rWOlTX X^l \1ii he (the Messiah) will come, but I do 
not desire to live to see him (to pass through the trials 
preceding his arrival). — "1 ii ihiR may it come home 
to me that I did — , i. e. I believe to have merited divine 
reward. Meg. 28 a ; a. fr.— xVl iVs HY" may it come home 
to me that I did not- — ; a formula of assurance, surely, 
indeed. Y.Ber. II, 5 C bot.; a. fr.; (v. i^S Xiai, s.v. Xia).— 
Y. Shebi. VI, 36 c top "1 Tin (sub. 'bty.—Imperat. Xh 
(Y.. xniX). Gitt. 57 a a. fr, iff! Xn ; Y. Dem. VI, 25 b top 
iah xmx;. in Bab. usu. Sail) xn (abbr. iB"n) come and 



see, come and hear, i. e. »I will prove it.— "3 XihX it 
comes like, i. e. it is in accordance with the opinion of. 
— Y. Naz. VI, 54 d bot.; a. v. fr.— Xiihl=XihXl. Ibid. c 
bot. ffptn iJhl X1J13 XiTI (ed. Krot. incorr. XWl) 
iFl.— Y. Keth. IV, 28 d top '31 "pixm (read "inX!) and 

those differences of opinion correspond to .— XTX 

iilipB mips the expression pahad occurs in two Biblical 
passages, (iltel illtel Xinx and the expression zakhar 
occurs in two passages, i. e. draw an analogy between 
the respective Bible laws in which the same expressions 
are used, so as to cast a light upon each other. B. Hash. 
ll a ; a. fr. [Xi&3 xnx Y. Meg. II, 73 b , a. e., read SOWSttiS* 
q.v.] [Targ. Y. II Deut. XXXIII, 16 ',ir«,3rd pers.fem.futj 

Af- hr !^> T> h & T 1 ^ to bring, carry, cause to come. 
Targ. Gen. IV, 3 ; a. fr.— TlTl XSa (SOTia, pa) whence 
wilt thou bring (evidence), how will you prove it? Y. 
B. Mets. Ill, beg. 9 a ; a. v. fr.— Slhiia, Tiia, tft bring- 
ing, to bring. Y. Peah I, 15 c top '31 'a ii>a he desired 
to bring it to them. lb. Tfihiia rfitei xb I cannot 
bring it.— Tiiib, Tib let him bring. Sabb. 109 b ; a. fr.— 
iiiinix^, iiiihx^ (cmp. hX) to bring in, to include, opp. 
ipl&xi; v. pBX. ixa '»i what is to be implied (in addi- 
tion to what is explicitly stated)? Tem. 2 a i(*a "Vb bsfl 
what does hakkol (all) come to imply? a.fr.— Haf. THin 
same. Dan. V, 13; a. e. 

Ittaf. inifiX (Tinx, ThX) to be brought, offered. Targ. 
Gen. XXXIII, 11. Targ. Lev. XIII, 2; a, e. 

£tri!^ Ill f. (b. h. E5S, eji») the constellation called 
the Great Bear, Ursa Major. Ber. 58 b Ms. M. (ed. XrYii, 
v. Babb. D. S. a. 1., a. Ges. H. Diet. s. v. IBS). 

^wans, s^wri^ m^wfm t. (i»av« 9 t«) 

immortality^ Cant. B.' to I, 3 ( T referr. T to ma-bs, Ps. 
XL VIII, 15) '31 'X 'ps S5in Aquila translates it athanasia 
(nia-^X), a world in which there is no death ; Y. Meg. 
II,73 b Xi&3 xnx (combine into onew.); Y.M.Kat.III,83 b 
bot. Ar. (ed. Xlt) Xinx corr. ace); Lev. B. s. 11, end 
(ed. incorr. transp.). 

CSiD 'rips f. (U511) stamping upon, trampling. Targ. 
Is. XXII, : 5.' 

t\7^ m., nx f. (b. h.;=riniX, v. teSX) thou. Ber. ll a ; 
a.fr.— lalx nn'x, v.nx.— PI. anx, }mye. Ber.I, l; a.fr. 
— B. Hash. 25 a '31 diaSB "S 'X 'X 'X three times attem 
is written (tirix, without 1) ; v. *feiBX. SifraEmorIX, 9 ; a. fr. 

'llTlX, v. mix. 
init ye, v. nx. 
!J<iri!Sl sign, pi. ixinx, liinx, v. nx. 

mrm, v. » 

11?l|^, v. XMnXII. Dan. HI, 6; a. e. 

W^l4fli««», v. &;inx. 

WIPlX II m. Onx, sec. r. of mx, v. rm) 1) (cmp. 
■|BX, ]w-, X311BX) fire-place, stove. Targ. Ex,. XIX, 18; 



a. e.— Keth. 67 b '31 '& Nllnrt a fire-place of which the fire 
has been scraped out. Esth.B. to 1, 12 fTWljsa '^215 pl*i" 
cast sulphur into his stove i. e. inflame his passion. — 2) v'. 

win« (wina, ■ wipust, **. wwa) m. ( v. 

preced.,=h. "jlCX) density, intensiveness, essence. Targ. 
Prov. XX, 20 SOTOITI 'K -ps as darkness itself (h. text 

■payja with a). Cmp. ir™. 

"lIFlfct, t'ln^ ch.=h. 1S11BK. Targ. Gen. II, 14; a.e.— 
Deriv. HS^nx, rrw'WiK Assyrian. lb. X, 11; a. e. 

yHlnjS; m.pl. (=h. d^lffiX; 11B=1TO, v. irniFtbiX) 
ankles, footsteps. Tavg.Ps.XL, 3 some ed. (oth. iinab^). 

^inna, v. bnn. 

^rjipfliTl^ f. (inn) beginning. Sot. 41 b top; a. fr. 

srownri^ or am 331x4* t opn) ^a^. T arg . 

Ps. XXXI, 2V. ' 

spflfc? m. (-jW) etwrf, hardened, fastened. Targ. Job 
XLI, 16 (Ms. •qVO, h. text pisi). 

mm, v. next w. 

> WTI8, W1PW (coir. «■*«), rDTlK pr. n. pi. 

(iid5jvai, ace— uc,) Athens, the capital of Attica; inTalm. 
liter, freq. mentioned for wisdom and wit. Bekh. 8 b "OB 
"l!"lN til the elders (sages) of the Athenian school. Lam. 
E. to I, 1, s. v. Babbathi, freq. nbipix a. bJTiX. 

^ffiDiTI&t f.(-ni) smelting, casting. Targ. Job XXX VII, 
10 (some ed. t\»). Targ. Y. Lev. XX, 14. Targ. I Kings 
VII, 24. 

absn^v.^w 

WiOS, JSDISDSriNl f. (SM) humiliation. Targ. 
Jer. m,' 25; a. e/ 

8CT&0D2OSI f. 0*3) bending. Midr.Prov.toXXII,6 
'X ni ni» can be bent. 

&" l 'D' 1 b!rii< m. (a&X^TTjc) athlete, prize-fighter. Gen. 
E. s. 77 'kS (Ar. Var. 'n» — PI. ^B^m. lb. s. 22 — 
diB^ns; Ex. B. s. 21, end. T'lamd. Emor (quot. in Ar.) 
•pt»S3 pB^nXil 3'TlNl ftirm pspin first the trumpet is 
blown (signal), and then the fighters enter (metaphor 
of the sounding of the Shofar on the New Year, conquest 
of sin on the Day 1 of Atonement, and carrying the palm 
on Succoth ; v. pJKa). 

^nQriJS m. (lnar\) strangeness; strange! it sounds 
curious; sometimes used as a mere exclamation mark. 
Gen. E. s. 4 '31 '« ffiOT and God made?! Is it not by 
his word that things were created? lb. s. 5. Pesik. E. 
s. 31; a. fr. 



blQ^ oh., v. teem-. 

bUTDSDriltf f. (-pa) humiliation, lowliness. Targ. 
Ps. CXXXVI, 23. 

fcOlbDniS! m. (-pa) counsel, plan, plot. PI. ptftom. 
Targ/jer. XVHI, 23. 

^^JOElX f. (^a) counting, being counted. Targ. 
Nab..' I, 12.' ' •'-•..-.. 

)T$, v. w 

fcCn&t, Y. M. Kat. Ill, 83 ,J hot. KTt) % v. &TO3l*nx. 

(SlDri^, MFlX, fcODISt f. (h. ")ini*> she-ass: Targ. 
NumTxXII, 21 T ; a.fr.— A^SPK, 13™ fW), K*?n« ('nx). 
Targ. Gen. XXXII, 15. Targ. I Sam. IX, 3; a* e*. ' 

'DFl&Wij'w fix thou art it. Y. Yeb. XV, 15 a . 

&^ri«, v. »S. 

n^b^jri!^, read Sl^WM*-, v. STOSKniS;. 

"jDriiS m. (b. h.; run to A»Ve) harlot's hire. Tem. 
VI, 2 (29 a ) (as ' 



:.^tar8$ 



(h. h.=in d 



'• rtq) & 



previous occasion. Y. Bets. II, 61 b bot.; 



n*f wfi& K^Dsrus, v. « 

nJJOJDH f. (iffli) oblivion, forgetfulness. Targ. Is. 
XLIX| 15! : 

Xrj^l^D^ f. (lis) inciting, exciting the funeral 
escort to weeping. Targ. Job III, 7. 

rfiJPSnjS, Num. E. s. 13, beg.. '3t '1 'X read Itftsntt, 

v. &■$. • . 

abffiprw, v. M^ptjM. .'..;' 

fcO^jTlit f. (bap) iffiwj. Targ. Jud. VII, 18 Ar., 
ed. Buxt.Y. oth. &&Bpa. 

rniDpHSS! f. (nap) cutting of, destruction. Targ. 
Ezek. Vli.'25. 

XPfijSTlN, /sTPN! f. (f)ph) seizing; whence refutation, 
objection. B. Bath. 129 a ; Hag. 9 h "1 'X objection raised 
by ... . 

iriJJ,' "0$, ^"[1?^ o. ,(=1Sh«, denom. of S«, 
corresp. to h. dipa, fr. dp) place, town. Targ. Gen. 
XXII, 3; a. fr.— Ber. 63 a . Gen. E. s.39 (prov.) PKb mm 
'31 removal from house to house (costs) a shirt ;— from 
town to town, a life. Ex. E. s. 45, end '31 ^ irftsa fins* 
my (the Lord's) place is an accidental attribute to me, 
hut I am not accidental to my place; cmp. dipa.— Ned. 
49 a , a.fr. '31 rfnret.'tt la the one follows the custom of 
his place and the other that of his. B. Bath. 124 b ■•pins6 
to our place.— PA pnm, WTP&. Targ. Jud. XIX, 13; 
a.fr. — Y.Ber. II, 4 C pSd 'K }p from many places (passages, 
authorities); Pesik. B. s. 22 -Wn« bWl (corr. ace.)— 
Denom. snllfilS local custom. PI. KniTnns. Gitt. 89 a 'X 



attaa 



IHJiS the customs of the places are divided.— nnxa, nwa 
in place of, instead; inconsequence of, because of, for(ooi- 
resp. to h. MtPi). Targ. II Chr. VI, 10; a. fr.— Targ. Job 
VIII, 4; a. fr.— V. 103.— inx )>$ (contr. nrf?K q. v.) on 
the spot, presently. Y. Ber. I, 3 C . lb. II, 4 b , a. fr. 

ISDI^inrfiSl f. (a-o-i, Palp, of an) itoarf, jpWde. 
Targ/zech. XII, 7; a. e. 

atfynrei m ., «Rtt3?ir)rN f. (»n) «*«; «<>% 

crowd,rioi. Targ. Jer. XXV, 3 i . 'Targ. Is. XVII, 1 2 ; a. fr — 

PL l-wnnx, ^tt5win«,f. 'Kniamnst. Targ. JobXVln,ii. 

Targ. Ezek. XXXIX, 16; a.'e. 

3i"Tft$ m. (Sin=Sia3 q. v.) [the shining ^ fflhrog, a 
kind of' orange or citron used with the festive wreath 
on the Feast of Booths (=110 ys ilB Lev. XXIII, 40; v. 
Targ.). Succ. Ill, 5; a. fr. Gen. K. s. 15. Lev. E. s. 30, 
end.— PL "pjiin*. Maasr. I, 4. Succ. IV, 9 ^niSVirtta 
with their ethrogim (which they had brought into the 
Temple); a. e. 

!Wrn$, fcUtTilS ch. same. Targ. II Esth. VII, 10 



(tree; fern.).'— Pr^WlM*, V$- Targ. O. Lev. XXIII, 40. 
—Targ. II Esth. Ill, 8 SOiSilrt* our own citrons.— V. mV\. 

!SJ|3 ! nriS m. (an affected pronunciation of SUTini*; 
v. KSWlfi; Pers. turundj)=!Aiiins. Kidd.70 a 1* naiVl ^3 
'31 whoever says jEX/srwwj'a betrays a third (goodly) portion 
of haughtiness; either say Ethrog (hebr.) as the Babbis 
do, or Ethroga (ch.) as the people do. Cmp. Kni'VUM, 

mrm, P i. m^ m , v . ^ 

#2ft^n&m.(Yr'y reliance, trust. Targ.Is.XXX,2;3 
(ed. Vien. SWSWnntJ). 

&'Hi?)X=b'm™;,.v. tm. 

DD^in^, v. t=^s. 

I'lFlijU'jsristtTSt; 5nru*=»^Mri6ii ; v. snxi.„ 

StfCVPttJ'T^ f. (Wi) slacking, faintness. Targ. Jer. 
XL VII, 3. ! 

J$STlJ$, v. mrtem- 



J Beth, the second letter of the Alphabet. Its sound 
lies betwen p (S) and v (1), whence its interchange with 
either, e. g. "Ip&f1 and IpSrt; K3 (KS!*) and Nil.— a also 
interchanges with a, as Nniabia a. snizAa;' cmp. b. h. 
a'ba a. ab&. 

J often rejected as a last radical letter, e. g. 1h=3ir\ 
i&3=a&5. 



^a 



i numeral letter, two; v. '5 



"21 1 prefix (b. h.) in, within, on &c. WQ 13 on that 
dayj'Dlpa IMfca in that very place; i-P31 ftijia from it 
and in it, i. e. out of the very thing. B. Mets. 101 b 
!li31 Tftha . . . X1SX she hired carriers, paying them from 
the very wine which the man had placed in her store- 
room.— ■patina. T. Ber. II, 4 C hot. ; a. fr. 

"21 II (contr. of 13) son of. JCT! "na son of B. Hiya. 

Cmp.'iana. 

fctSl J m. (=S«3») *1) father. Targ. 0. Num. in, 24; 
30 S<a T nia an (and through the entire chapter ed.Berl.; 
oth. ed. S3!*).— 2) pr. n. m. Ba=Abba. Y. Ber. I, 2 C top 
(interchanging with X3X); a. v. fr. in Y., v. K3KII. 

&G II m.=sria, house. Targ. Is. V, '8 ed. Ven., oth. 
ed. Nfra. 

!tf2lIII m. (part, of Kia) coming, future, xafi sVw 
(abbrT M1"1S) the world to come, futurity. Shn. X, 1 ; 
a. fr.— l*a?ft (Bab.), vsb (Y.) in future. 'Vi i&oa (-pia) 



from this date and further, opp. SlSais retrospectively, 
or svipisa in the past. Pes. 7 b Saffla tb it refers to an 
act to be performed. Snh. 27 a '31 fiVi pia he becomes 
disqualified as a witness from now and in future (previous 
being effected). Y. Ter.I, 40 b bot.; a.fr. 



3tf2l,v.3a. 

^5^21, JW21 m. (513 dial, for p13, cmp. spa) valley, 
plain; (=h. fiSpa) a group of fields belonging to several 
owners, rural community. B. Bath. 29 a one single field 
'SO rrtl33 (Ms. H. a. 0. hViaa) in the whole plain. B. 
Mets. 22 b '31 fcensta 'a we need not presume an entire 
plain to be the property of minors; a. e. — PI. i5!Sa,"i&a. 
Pes. 8 b those students '33 i-p-nft that are lodged in the 
rural districts (and come to town for their studies). B. 
Kam.ll3 b (v.Kabb.D.S.a.l. for diff. vers.). B.Mets.73 a ; 



fctrfUiG, Succ. 52 b , v. nxFraa. 
S2 1 JK21 m. (v. »iv&) 1) cavity ir, 



the field, pool. PL 
iSSsa. B. Kam. 61 b top, Ms. M. iJS&O q. v.— 2) (cmp. 
Sipal, a. Spa Josh. IX, 4) broken or burst water-vessel. 
—PL as above. Ber. 58 a Spirt iSSxa Ms. M. (read »•>)>, v. 
S"I; ed. ijja, read IMS; Ms. P. iJJiS 'SHUT iJSSO, read: 
'3 (ft3ni)5 ©11 '3, v. iMSO) whither do the broken vessels 
go? (i. e. what has the blind man to do here?). 



■psa 



ISO 



")"P^> 1^2) 1"3 t pr. n. pi. Badan, a Samaritan 
place noted for its pomegranats. Tosef. Kel. B. Mets. 
VI, 10 'X3; Kel. XVII, 5 ]X13. Oil. Ill, 7; Bets. 3 b . 

T\\82, Targ. Prov. XXIV, 12 read ipsa, v. Xp3. 

(lUJWS f. (b. h. &HDX3) [sour,] an inferior kind of 
grapes, unripe grapes. Y. Maasr. I, 48 d '1X3 IXlpiffla 
(corr. ace.) when they are called b'ushah; v. UJxa 4).— 
PI. ■pBH&a. Maasr. I, 2 Y. ed., v. "|11B31X. 

riliSS f. (na3; cmp. Lat. noctua) I) night-bird, owl 
(for nattSl-l- Lev. XI, 18). Hull. 63 a Pfl&lSaffl 'X3 (Ar. 
nxi3) the bavath among the birds. — 2) groper in the dark, 
mole or salamander (for nafflsn Lev. XI, 30). lb. '3 
DixianU} the bavath among the reptiles. [Targ. 0. for 
1): XPrta; for 2): XWlttJX q. v.; v. also X'TOalsb.— Var; 

in Targ.'o. to Lev. xi,, 18 xnaa, xnia, xriia,' xaia, v. 

Berl. Targ. 0. II, p. 34.] 

TiltO, W v. wan. 

■p^ttO, v. next w. 

"]"l^t?!<S m. pi. (Pers. bazyaran, PI., B. Hai Gaon) 
falconers. Sabb. 94 a "31 (X01&) Ar. (some ed. 1 for 1; ed. 
■jWl ^3, Ms. )i-m ia, TlXHt 13, corr. ace.) the falconers' 
horse (used for carrying falcons, hawks &c. on his back). 

NEl!tf3, Nt3S m.^a-zoz) prickly roach, a forbidden 
fish.— r -Pl. ^OXa/iDa. Ab. Zar. 39 a '83 PliV„i"ip mm ed. 
(Ar. iaa) that he (the Gentile) called the brine bate. 

"TQto, ^talS pr.n.m. jSa«. Gitt.ll a as an un- Jewish 
name, v/prta.' Ib.Zar.76 b ; Kidd. 70 b (iaa) B. bar Tobi, 
name of a freedman. 

"TT2&0, Yalk. Ps. 662 '3 X^p Pfi, read fbiasipN. 

^^S, I^Sl m. (pdi'ov-paic, a Coptic word; de- 
nomin. (SatNoi;; cmp. I Mace. XIII, 51) palm-leaf , palm- 
branch. Lev. B. s. 30; Pesik. Ul'kah. p. 180 a "p5X3 (read 
•p3iX3 pAtvov); Tanh. Emorl8 'pSX (corr. ace; ed. Bub. 27 
115X [!]); Talk. Lev. 651.— Midr. Till, to Ps. XVII X31; 
Yalk. Ps. 670 yva'n (corr. ace); v. ^Miax. 

nQ" 1 ^ (=naix 13) pr. n. pi. JB'imaA or lmah. Y. 
Orl. end,*63 b ; Tosef. Kil. II, 16 Sialx ed. Zuck. (oth. ed. 
xaix) ; v. next w. 

JlD" 1 ^ (=rtiiK 13) pr. n. pi. B'Inah a. B'Imah (v. 
preced.), two gentile conclaves in Northern Palestine. Y. 
Orl. end, 63 b . Tosef. Kil. II, 16 fi3S ha (Var. tva); cmp. 
rYOS ni3, n5S PP3 Josh. XV, 59; XIX, 38. 

"l^v.^a. 

tnt&, ^xa, ttfsa.ch. (h. **$ d a, &« bad, 

displeasing. Tar'g.Gen. XXI, 11; a. fr.— Y.Sabb.VIII, ll a 

bot. '31 ""* 25X31 it displeased B Y. Ber. Ill, 6 a bot.; 

VII,ll c top;a,fr.— 2) to he ill, grow sick. Ned.40 a top.— 
3) (with xab, W»y or XUS3) to be displeased, angry, 



troubled. Targ. Deut. XV, 9; 10 (some ed. BX3i Af.). 
Targ. I. Sam. I, 8; a. e.— Lam. B., introd., end "ffiSi 
"rVs Xiflixa thou art discontented. 

Af. UJX3X, ttJiX3x to make bad; to do evil; to harm 
one (with b or 3 of the person). Targ. I Sam. XII,. 25. 
Targ. Is. XIV, 20; a. fr.— Targ. Gen. XIX, 9. lb. Y. 
XVI, 12; a. fr. 

fctlEPfctjl c. (preced.) sick, a patient. Ber. 22 ab Pilrt '3 
'31 KS!=ip3 Ar. (vers. quot. in marg. note to Ber. 1. c. 
PiTPi '3 f.) (ed. X131S PiTPi Xfflixa, v. Babb. D. S.- a. 1.) 
there was a patient in the anteroom of &c. Sabb.30 a 
'a iapa for the sake of a patient. Cmp. ttjia. '. 

TWW2, v. rndwa. 

n^xa t, t. wha. 

n^S part, of ma. 

.fcC^S, SOS m. ch. (=h. iia, cmp. V131) growth 
(of grass); whence prairie, pasture ground (in moun- 
tains &c.;' cmp. Job. XL, 20 expl.in Lev. B. s 22).— Hull. 
80 a '31 US wild goats. V. xbaiWi. 

awjibaa, v. K#a. 

"W2 m. (part, of "bl, contr. of bp)3, cmp.b.h. Pflpfca) 

1) hurrying: Nidd. 26 b iplXT'3 he came in a hurry.— 

2) chasing lb. 17 a 13TH '3 (Tosaf. i)sa) chased the flies 
off. [Var. i*>X3, v. 1^3.] 

"Oita pr.n.m.5aK(06(i>.Y)4,BQcXri«,7^ews). Ber.25 b ; 
Taan. 18 a . Sabb. 17 b ; Ab. Zar. 36 b . Cmp. OiVn. 

* n QSG, "'DSD (Mus. a. Maar.), Cant. B. to III, 4, 
read: ima&lpp Pixuba Wife iropi/r] iraXaiqt xaxoa^r)|j.s, 
thou ungainly old harlot, '31 PiN lrta (not ina) what 
thinkest thou of thyself? Cmp. iJ'I'iB. 

1"HI23&G, read "("iBansta m. (farctum) the stuffing of 
sausage. Y.Sabb.VII,10 a 'bot. '3 Spffla 13 when he puts 
the stuffing in (on the Sabbath) ; v. Na153. 

' ™% v. i?a. 
ItfD&G, v. n«n. 

. ^StfS part, of KSa. 

."Ifcfi ( yxa, v. Xia) 1) to break forth, come to light. 
Denom. 1X3; cmp. Spa. — 2) to be open, clear. — Pi. 1X3 
(b.h.) to proclaim (cmp. Deut. I, 5), to explain; to make 
clear (to one's self), to understand clearly. Y. M. Kat. 
Ill, 83 b top IPiSlBa 1X3b to explain (argue on) what he 
has learned. Koh. B.'to VI, 9 better is he "ttGaSMhtt) 
'31 IPiSUJa who dwells on his studies to make them clear 
to himself, than he who learns to recite fluently.— Part, 
pass. lX3a proven, clear. Yed. Ill, 1 laiPi 'a (Talm. ed. 
'IPl P\S< 'a) from this fact it is proven. 

1$3 ch., Pa. 1X3 same. Y. M. Kat. Ill, 83 b top. X^> 
Plixaa "jiaaPl know not how to make clear (argue). 



"1IS!3, ~)*iS!3 f. (b. h., preced.) we//, spnny. Gen. B. 
s. 93;" a. fr.— Erub. X, 14 (104 ab ), v. Igrt. Taan. 9 a '3 
tnia inista the well in the desertwas given to the Israe- 
lites for Miriam's sake; a. fr.- — Transf. origin. Y. Sot. 
II, 18 a (play on "(WO, Koh. XII, 1) remember '31 r^xa 
thy well (whence thou earnest), thy pit (grave), thy Creator; 
Lev. B. s. 18, beg.— PI. niixa. Y. Erub. II, beg. 20 a 

Spn 'a, v. iprj. v. Tiaii. 



JS")*** ch. S 



i. Targ. Cant. I, 1 



3"lSS3 m. (dial, for itp'ia, 'v. pia a. deriv.; cmp. &OX3 

a. KSpa) sparkling, effervescent; white-shining. Ab. Zar. 
30 a '3 lah pirra Ar..(ed. '3 in) by 'sweet wine' we under- 
stand effervescent wine (liquid) (mulsum vitmm or mulsa 
aqua, v. Sm. Ant. s. v. Vinum). -Snh. 98 a 'a XiOlOquot. 
in Eashi to Ab. Zar. 1. c, Ar. s. v. Xp-ti (ed. Np'IS) a 
white-shining horse. [Deriv. fr. Pers. barah is refuted 
by Xp*i3 being used as an equivalent of our w.; v. also 
Fl. to Levy Talm. Diet. I, 284 a .] 

"HStf3 pr. n. pi. B'erai, 1) ident. with "^a in Galilee. 
Pesik. *B. s. 28; Midr. Till, to Ps. CXXXVII; Yalk. a. l.> 
—2) '3 ia in Babylon, v. im. 

fflivS (b. h.; ]Axa, v. xia) to be disordered, bad 
(cmp. sn). 

Hif. BJ'san- 1) to cause decay, to make smell badly. 
Ex. B. s. 26'; a. e.— 2) (with ffnai, or sub. o'nai) io wse 
insulting language. Koh. B. to X, 1.— 3) (neut. v.) to 
deteriorate, ferment, decay. Ter. X, 2 faia fitt) S"SS 
■plhla Ms. M. (ed. Wa V»ia corr. ace.) though the barley 
has begun to ferment &c. Cant. B. to I, 2 b ditfjixaa D^an 
liquids grow stale. Pesik.B'shall.p.81 b '3a J1 ill-smelling 
fish.— 4) (v. FittJiiKa) {to begin to ferment, to boil,] to be 
in the early stage of ripening, to be b'ushah. Maasr. I, 2 
grapes are subject to the law of tithes 'afiffla from the 
time they would be called b'ushah, cmp. Y.ib.48 d . Shebi. 
IV, 8. Tosef. Maasr. I, 1. 

33, 3SS3, SS33l m. (reduplic. of !*3, v. OT3; cmp. 

b. h. f"ixa a. xiaa) Entrance, door, gate. Targ.Esth. V,14. 
— Sabb. 32 a , v. xnasifi a. KSWal. lb. 156 b 'as "np called 
at thp door (begging). Erub. ll b ; a. fr.— PI. '"aa. Ber. 
58 b ; a. fr. Men. 34 a laxa.— Trnsf. (of writings) section, 
clause. XliW'3the clause of the first proposition. Sabb.3 a 
top ; a. fr.— Hence »ap. '3 (abbr. p"3), X»i2a '3. (a"3), 
Kirn. 'a (3"3) BabaKamma, Baba Metsia, Baba Bathra 
(first, middle, last section), names of three Talmudic 
treatises of the order of N'zikin(.civilla.w) ; v.pll. [Tosefta 
Kelim is likewise divided into three Babas with the same 
names.].— PI. as above. B. Hash. 33 b 'a i^isl Wpn the 
tune T'kiah in all the three sections. 

33 II, XirO 33 pr. n. Bob Nahdra (Gate of the 
Biver) name of a tributary ora canal of the Euphrates. Ab. 
Zar. 39 a '1 / 31-(Ms.M. K1.131); Succ. 18 a (Ms. M. 1 NiriMI, 
2 SOfi3 bl51 r cmp. Yeb. 16 b sq.). 



IS33I, t. aai a. arvna. 

IS33 II pr. n. m. 1) Baba (ben Buta), a disciple of 
Shammai, blinded by Herod. B.Bath. 3 b . Kerith. VI, 3. 
(Cmp. Jos. Ant. XV, 7, 10.)— 2) B. father of B. Ju'dab. 
Eduy. VI, 1 ; a. fr. 

|TI33 f. (b. h.), only in pS rna the pupil of the eye. 
Ex. B.T s. 30 hSV^SSi '$ 'a (some ed. M; corr. ace.) the 

Lord's &c. v. arvnai. 

133 ("133) f. hatred (only in Targ. Y.,=«KM; 1 
rejected through false analogy, v. K33^). Targ. Y. Gen. 
XXV, 11; a. e. . 

rilS'33 (in Babli), ^313, rraa (in Y.) f. (onomatop., 
v. Fl/to Levy Chald. Diet. I, 419 a. Fried. Del. Assyr. 
Stud. 1, 142 ; v., however, Utrvna) reflected image in metal, 
water he; image, shadow. Ned. 9 b .^tt) 'a33 V&an&ai 
(Ar. with two 3, corr. ace.) and I was looking at iny 
image (in the water); Tosef. Naz. IV, 7 (Var. ^313); 
Y.Ned. I, 36 d bot. tmfQ; Num.B.s.10 snia. Yeb.l22 a 
'31 '3 a shadow of a shadow. Ab. Zar. 47 a 11J& Xp '3*> 
he worships the image (in the water). Gen. B. s. 4 '3 
SrVllS magnified image. Treat. Sof'rim. 111,8 TbtiS '3 the 
outlines of an effaced letter. 

IS* *33 f. (v. preced.) prop, mirror, hence (from its 
shape) a musical instrument, a little drum, tympanum 
(used at orgies, y. Sm. Ant. s. v. Tympanum). Y. Taan. 
I, 64 b bot. 

"33,v.^a. 

tf n*33l Nfr33_ (^n**33) f. (cmp. 3a a. rra)=h. 

naa, [the innermost,] with XVV, pupil of the eye. Targ. 
0. T Deut. XXXII, 10 'S naa T (plur.) the pupils of their 
(the Israelites') eyes; [Targ/Y rraTOI X33 Ar. (ed. 133) 
the innermost or the gates of His thought, v.aal]. Targ. 
Prov. VH, 2 Kfiaa (Ms. MrWaa). Targ. Koh. XII, 2 "D3 
-]SV (some ed. 153, "n>, corr. ace). Gitt. 69 a xmaa. 

*SSrf33lI or Nn n 313f.(v.a-n a. preced.) jwtter, 
outlet. "Hull! 85 b SOal 'a Vs Ar. (ed. "13) over the outlet 
(wherein the flax is put) ; v. S3" 1 ?". 

"J'iTOS m. pi. (fr. xaa or fr. rvn) gate (or lodging) 
money, contribution for the support of traveling poor. 
Y. Dem. Ill, beg. 23 b . 

>33 (b. h.) pr. n. Babel, the city of Babylon; Baby- 
lonia', a country of varying limits, chiefly comprising 
Mesopotamia, a portion of Great Armenia and some 
neighbouring countries east of the Tigris (v. Neub. Geogr. 
p. 320). [Owing to the continued political disturbances 
in Palestine. Babylonia gradually became the oentre of 
Jewish scholarship; hence both the frequent comparisons 
and jealousies between the East and the West (Babyh 
a. Palest.); cmp. y^», mill, ' "TiaVl". Kidd.69 b ; 71 b . Sot. 
49 b . Y. Snh. I, 19 a '; : Y. T Ned. VI,'40 a bot. 'aVitttn '3a ^3 
(sarcastic imitation of Is. II, 3). Snh, 24 a '3 V>U5 fTllailn 



Babylonian method (Talmud). '3 ^15 those coming from 
Bab. to visit the Temple, pilgrims. Ned. V,4 '3 '$> bitt 131 
that in which pilgrims from Bab. (i. e. Jews living abroad) 
have a share, as the Temple Mount &c. [Mace. 24 a , a. e. 
'3 bffl man, read ""ail as Ms. M. ; omp. W] 

n*ta, ^bna, &obn|, fco^na m. C h.=h. 

■tea, ^Babylonian. Targ. Josh. VII, 21 '(some ed. ^33). 
—Sabb. 105 b '3 0, thou Babylonian! B. Mete. 85 a xia5 
'3 (Ms. M. ^331 miiabn) the method he had learned in 
Babylonia; cmp. preced.— Y. Sabb.YI, 8 a bot.; a. ir.—Pl. 
1^33. Targ. Ps. CXXXVII, 3. Hull. 45 a '3 .'pan our 
Baby 1. colleagues. Keth.75 a , a.fr. ^XfflBa '3 foolish Babyl- 
onians.— Fem. Nfrtaa. Targ. 1. c. v. .8.— PL Kn^33, 
KH^aa. Targ. IIEs'th. I, 10.— Sabb. 81 a . 

"P^OS, pr. n. (BajMwv) Babylon. Cant. B. to I, 6 
(a legend about the origin of Borne) and they called it 
'3 'lain Rome-Babylon. 

•^Dil m. (preced. ws.) Babylonian. Pes.66 a 11 V>"n 
HOlel the Babylonian ;a.fr.— PZ.tn^33, T^33. Yoma66 b ; 
Men. 100 a . Cant. E. to VIII, 9; Lam. R. to I, 13 'pV&Bb 
'al 'a 'pfrtba students' seats in Palestine occupied by Babyl- 
onians ; [for Tl3la Lam. B..1. c.prob. to be read •pfiola]. 

WfySl, v. nrias. 

"jlp^b^D, read Tip^aa m. (Babylonicum) Babyl- 
onian tapestry. Talk. Josh. 18 'a NIMBUS; (Gen.R.s. 85 

&rt>33). 
Sffbai, v. rigas. 



anna, v . m«a. . 

33, 3 33 "JZl pr.n.m. Ben Bag Bag. B.Kam.27 b ; 
a.fr. Kidd. 10 b Joli. son of B. B. 

&S33, v. WKa. 

132 (b.h.; v. infra) io act violently, to rebel, be faith- 
less. Snh. 37 a (allud. to Gen'. XXVII, 27) s6k 11153 h"K 
Viaia do not read b'gadav (his garments), but bog^dav 
(his faithless ones). Y. Peah I, 16 b top; Num. R. s. 10, 
beg.; Cant.R. toT,16, v. rTTiSa.— Mekh. Mishp., N'zikin 3 
'31 Jl3 'affl Irixa (b'bigdo bah,' Ex. XXI, 8) since he &c, 
treated her contemptuously (opp. to the interpretation of 
1123 as his garment, SV»bs 11.13 IffTBlB he spread his bed- 
cloth over her). [From Targ. renderings as well as from 
Agadic interpretations it appears that the primitive mean- 
ing of 153 (1/33) is, to tear; also to despise, corresp. to 
the meanings of /l3; v. Targ. Job VI, 5 ; Is. XXXIII, 1 ; 
' Prov. XXI, 18; Snh. 94 a , oit.s. v. X11T3; Esth. R.to 1,10, 
cit. s. v. 113; Mekh.]. c; cmp. also K'thib 53 for K'ri T3 
Ezek. XXV, 7.— 153 seems to be a piece, web, corresp. 
in meaning and use to cpapo<;.] 

"I«Q m. (b. h.; preced.) web, garment. Men. 40 b UTi 
'31 '3 SiB if (the garment) itself is a web, but its borders 



are of leather. lb. the principal element piSa '3 must 
be a web (in order to require Tsitsith). Mekh. Mishp., 
N'zikin 3, v. preced. Sabb. 26 b ; a. fv.—Pl. CH153, constr. 
■nsa. Gen. B. s. 20 .IST'st '3 Adam's garments, v. Sitf II, 3. 
Yoina 60 b 'flh '3 the Highpriest's white garments (for 
the Day of Atone, Lev. XVI, 4), contrad. to 3ilt '3 gold- 
embroidered &c. lb. 68 b ; a. fr. 

M33, v. smii, 

Jl$2, Gen. B. s. 98 "pi '3, read )^ bwa pr. n. pi. 
Migdal Ton, near Sidon; v. Neub. Geogr. p, 295. 

rR.Q pr. n. pi. Bagdath (prob. Eski Bagdad, Neub. 
Geogr. "p. 360), birth place of R. Hanna. [Kidd. 71 b , v. 
WISH.]— Hence: 

n&$rfl3Sl m. of Bagdath. Yeb. 67 a ; a. e.— Suoo. 52 b 
Ms. M. (ed.' Nnl5xa, corr. ace). 

1^2133, "pKl33, read TTa^ia or JU^aia m. pi. 
(farcimen,— ina) stuffings of sausage, sausages. Y. Sabb. 
VII, 10 a bot. '3 3>BpO 13. when cutting the sausages 
through (dividing them off), v. "plBi&O. Y. Bets. IV, .62 c 
bot. the sausage-maker is foibidden to work on a Holy 
Day '3 SBpa dlttja because he cuts the sausage-bags 
apart; v. NIlpiO. 

TTVXZL 1. (153) faithlessness, rebellion.— PL ni^sa. 
Y. Pe*ah I, 16 b top (play on bigdothekha, Ps. XLV, 9) 
'31 r\153VB flllija to all sinful acts thou hast eommitted, 
shall (after repentance) be like myrrh &c; Num. R. s. 10, 
beg.; Cant. B. to V, 16. 

*~P;|3, "l|2 m. (153) rough. Targ. Y. Gen. XXVII, 11 
quot. in Tosef! Yom Tob to Keth. Ill, 8, a. e. (ed. psd). 

■«&&, v. ^ ? . 

*l"|TE3^3 ) Ms.-Oxf. ■niBStha, Sabb.l03 b , a corrupt, 
of Nlia^ trtsia (or S^XSia) (vocalis litera) open sound, 
vowel. '31 'a itirWi fro since it has merely the value 
of a vowel letter, one is guilty for writing two A|ephs on 
the Sabbath (v. B. S.'s opinion ib. iia fcttmsiB rokba" 
naiipna). [Differ, in commentaries.] 

")33 (j/'aa, v. X5K3; cmp. rvnin) [to be rough (of sur- 
face, voice &c.) ;] to be wrinkled (of a female's nipples), 
whence; to become of age (at twelve years and a half). 
Keth. HI, 8 HiJian a girl of beginning maturity (v.. Tosef. 
Yom Tob. a. L). . Nidd. V, 7 flisaffl yfo as soon as she is 
mature, v. bas. Pes. 113 a (prov.) '31 '3 -|!">3 has thy 
daughter become of age? Set thy slave free and give him 
to her (as husband) ; a. fr.— Tosef . Keth. Ill, 8 Ija^Fi (Nif .) ; 
Y. ib. 27° bot. 1153ft 

")33 ch. same. V) to be of age. Targ. Y. Num. XXX, 11, 
sq.— ijto be rough, harsh,husky. B.Bath. 167 b &6p Sib 153 
her voice has become rough (from old age). — Denom.lisa. 

Af. 153$ to produce a rough surface, to heat and 



T& 



)vrte. 



bruise by friction. Nidd. 66 a nb 1S3a i1*lS3iSi hlSlSUJ Ar. 
(Var. 'Mo .'aS6t, ed. 'Mm 'IBS) will not a tube bruise her? — 
Keth. 65 a nb 153a (the ropes of the bedstead) hurt her. 

~|JS m. (preced. ws.) age of majority (of females). 
Y. Kidd. I, 59 '> 'an niai the period of majority. Y. B. 
Bath. IX, beg. 16 d . Kidd. 4 a rttnbiiSI '3 majority of a 
barren (or wombless) woman (who has no ' signs of ma- 
turity and becomes of age at twenty years). Keth. 38 b 
13p3 'a ttJi can the legal consequences of becoming of 
age enter after the woman's death? [Other form: IJia. 
Y. Keth. V, 29 d Sllia msb after her becoming of age.] 

v. Misa. 

"liQ f. (preced.) a woman of age. Tosef. Keth. V, 1 
nsiaro 'an (read to, Var. ed. Zuck. wana niaian) 

she who is of age when asked (by her betrothed) to be 
married; Y. ib. 29 d SlStt» 'an (corr. ace). lb. '3b pSMi 
'31 a girl of age is allowed twelve months for preparation 
for her wedding. — Ch. v. 1iJ3. 

TTUij Lev.R.s.28, end, '3 &1aip, read 'jiaa.ilS biaip 
(x6[Air)4 7iptouax(ov)=cowes privatarum, v. "pan. 

SrPinJS f. (v. 153) womanhood, (after twelve years and 
a half), opp. to 111123, maidenhood (between twelve and 
twelve and a half) and nilbi childhood (from three to 

twelve years). Y. Yeb. I,3 a top '31 'an ttmrb pa p« 

between the period of maidenhood and that of woman- 
hood there is no more than a six months' interval; 
Keth. 39 a ; a. fr. 

"^S, "^il prefix (comp. of 3 a. 1=h. "ttja, blZS) 
1) concerning that (those) of; at the time of; treating of 
what refers to. Sabb. 112 a isntiia in the case of those 
(sandals) of the travelling merchants (Arabs). Yoma 78 b , 
v. SSin. Hull.' 20 a lins sbia "Winl our Mishnah treats 
of a case when he did not turn. Gitt. 49 a '31 pfVa we 
go in our assessment by (the property) of the injured; 
a. v. fr.— 2) if, when. Targ. Y. Gen. XLIII, 5 nibia 
unless. Targ.O.Deut. IX,4 13FI113; a. e. 

*"& I=1?S. Targ. Y. II, Num. XXI, 29 TirYiai (Var. 
|Wffl==w). ithpe. liars, v. las. 

"13 II m. (11a) olive press (cmp. ma), tank. Shebi. 

VIII, 6 133 pS you must not press olives in the 

tank (in the Sabbath year). — Tan ni3 the building contain- 
ing the tank and all implements for pressing olives. Sabb. 
I, 9 'an '3 nilp the beam of the press; a. fr.— Bets.l9 a ; 
Tosef. ib. II, 7, v. 3.S.— PI. biia, pia. B. Bath. IV, 7 
'an rV«. Toh.IX, 7 'a "W IS ins la a quantity of olives 
for one tank or for two; a. fr. 

*Q III m. (b. h.; 113) 1) single, separate. Ber. 63 b 
(play "on baddim, Jer. L, 36) 'a '3 paiBlUB who study 
separately (without interchange of ideas). Kerith 5 a expl. 
Ex. XXX, 34 'aa 'a.— 2) with pref. b, 13b : (b. h.) alone, 
only. Sat. 8 a STOb nnis Aer (Num. V, 19) indicates her 
alone (each separately); a. fr.— 13^3 (adv.) only. Ber. 1, 1 



'3 11 sbl (usu. with lias) and not only in this case did 
they make such a rule. Meg. I, 5 '3 .... sbs ... p3 pS 
there is no difference between Festivals and the Sabbath 
(as to forbidden labors) except only as to the preparation 
of the necessaries of life ; a. fr. — lab31 but only, provided. 
Zeb. V, 8; a. fr. 

"DlV m. (b. h.; 113) chosen, fine linen. Zeb. 18 b '3 
'31 p13 blfi inni) wherever the Law speaks of garments 
of bad, it means that they must be of byssus, new &c. 
Ib. how do we know Sin SOtVO '3 ism that bad (as 
material for garments) means linen (and no other fine 
stuff)? Answ. Something which grows 133 13 in single 
stalks (v. preced. a. next w.); Yoma 71 b . Ib. 35 a bad is 
used four times, intimating '33 in3la the choicest of &c 
(for diff. vers. v. Eabb. D. S. a. 1. note); [cmp. Targ- 
Jer. XL VIII, 30]. 

"G V m. (113) single stalk, twig; also (b. h.) pole, 
bar. Zeb.;i8 b ; Yoma 71i> ; v. preced. Keth. 17 a &in bffi '3 
myrtle twig. Succ. 44 b even one leaf ins 'ai and (on) 
one twig. B. Mets. 24 a anything on which something 
is suspended nib lip '3 is called bad.— PL b"wa. Y. Yoma 
V, 42 b bot., a. e. 'an pa between the bars projecting 
from the Ark (i.e. their corresponding place in the Second 
Temple). B. Mets. 1. c. 'si paho 19a poles of peddlars 
for needles &c. Ib. 113 isa what does baddi mean? 
Answ. Twigs.— And why do they call them badde? Answ., 
v. supra. V. SilisiS. 

Mil ch.=h. 13 II.— PL SWjSi Targ. Joel II, 24 Ar. 
(ed. SJlia). Snh. 95 a '3 13 »in under the wine press 
(Var. SHt> ia). 

MS II m.-h. 13 IV, fine linen woof. Y. Sabb. XIII, 
beg. 14 a . 

M2, &TB, v. 113. 



(IMS, fcO^pl m. ch.=h. iXia. Hull. 63 a smn 
mn Sliia (corr. ace; Yalk. Zech. 578 nsi3) that man 

rflMa, v. nuia. 

""M^S m. (1131) 1) liar, misrepresenting. Snh. 89 b 
(prov.) '31 '3 b<B IffiSIS "[3 such is the punishment of the 
liar &c; Ab. d'K. Nath. ch. XXX; Gen. K. s. 94 131D na 
nin '3 bllJ; v. 3i». Kidd. 49 a he who translates a Bible 
verse literally (v. nils), '3 m im is a liar (misrepresent- 
ing the sense).— 2) invention, fiction. Deut. E. s. 5, a. fr. 
'3 blB D1131 fictitious words (mitigating the original 
report) ; ib. 'a 1131.— PI. QiSia, pSia. Y. Gitt. IV, 46 a bot. 
'3 fciiaih lSsaH things turned out to be false. B. Bath. 74 a ; 
Snh. 110 ab Moses and his laws are true "3 pi and they 
(euphem. for we) are liars. Tosef. Keth. II, 1 15S O (ed. 
Zuck. p113a) we have been telling a falsehood. 



■pna, v. w 



■via- 



113 (b. h.; l/"ia; cmp. 13, to enter into, split, 
separate; v. Via, p"Q, 11a &c.) 1) to scatter. Y. Yoma 
V, 42 c top "ferns Wilis he scatters it (the frank-incense) 
with his foot (shoves it apart).— 2) to dig out, create, 
choose, invent. Denom. la II, biia. — 3) to be lonely. Part. 
Ilia lonely. Pesik. B. s. 29 (30), expl. tn (Lam. I, 1)= 
Ilia lonely, forsaken. Part. pass. 1113 exiled. Lam. B. 
to I,' 1 D11113 Dilaa Ar. (read '"Has) garments of the 
exiled (hVll iVa, Jer. XL VI, 19); [ed. 113 1113, a. flia, 

Hithpol. Ilianri to be exiled, homeless. Lam. B. in- 
trod. (E. Alexandri 1) (ref. to Ps. CII, 8) as the bird 
'31 lliatia is driven (separated from the rest) from roof 
to roof. 

113 m. (b. h. ; preced.) loneliness, (adv.) in a lonely 
state, in exile. Snh. 104 a ftafflia 'a trim the exile shall 
be their dwelling. Lam. B. to I, 1 'a ilia garments 
(outfit) of exile, v. preced.— PI. Qi-Ha, -plia. lb. 'a ilia 
(plur. abstr. as DTl &c). 

113 m. (denom. of lall) olive-treader, workingman 
in the olive press. Gitt. 62 a .— PZ. "plia. Toh. X, 1 sq. 
Sabb. 19 b '31 '3 bffl ^aiD the oil (remnants in corners) 
belonging to the pressers, and the mats which they use. 
B.Kam.ll9 a '31 pa rtlp-b 'am (read pin-rana, v. Eabb. 
D. S. a 1. note 40) you may buy from the oil pressers' 
(Bashi: oil producers') wives &c. Tosef. Maasr. I, 10 'an 
'31 'ppi^'TOf!"!) the oil pressers who take their lighting 
oil (alternately) from one press and another. 

smiis, v. n T ia. 

1113 m. pi. (preced. ws.) stocks of prisoners. Tosef. 
Kel. B.' Mets. X, end (ed. Zuck. -pill, v. "plla). 

. TO, v. -nan. 

113, v. next w. 

"12113 (Arab, dubr, back) with one's back to.— Ber. 6 b 
(speech of an Arab) '31 rfflup 'a Ar. (Ms. M. 13 'TO, ed. 
13 113, corr. ace.) with thy back (to the Synagogue) 
standest thou before the Lord? : 

rvrms, v. n^a. 

SMITHS m. (ma) merry-maker.— PI. iniia. Taan.22 a 
'31 '3 HIMiK we are merry-makers and cheer up the sad. 

^11113, &MT113 m. (v. preced.) cteer/Wwes*. Targ. 

Ps.CL^XIYIiab pYal2}a1Ms.(ed.incorr0irplirfal -psad) 
which are sounded for rejoicing. lb. LXVIII, 32 Kl"l1133 
Ms. (ed. dm iiaa). 

T&, v. 113. 

fullS m. (b. h.) b'dolah, name of a jewel, also of 
a gum, bdellium. G«n. B. s. 16, beg. '31 '33 1136 hX 
you might think, b'dolah (Gen. II, 12) means the druggists' 



bdellium — let its neighbor (next word BmiBn "pit) ex- 
plain it (correct, ace. to Yalk. Gen. 21). 

SSll-PllS ch. same. Targ. Gen. H, 12; a. e. 

^p^llS, read i^plia. 

fc^pllS m. (pis) searching, penetrating.— PI. N*pna 
'ilS. Targ. Y. Num. V, 19; a. e. 

"pllS m. (pla) one requiring examination, i. e. one 
whose father is unknown, usually ipWitB. Kidd. IV,' 2 
Abba Saul called the sh'thuki 'a b'duki. Y. ib. II, 65 d 



bot.; 



). ib. -, 



"HIS, ^"1113, "Q m. (113) 1) dispersion, scatter- 
ing. Targ. Is T . VIII, 22 (ed. Vien. Ilia), a. e. — 2) one 
exiled. Targ. II Sam. XIV, 13 sq. 

i^nns, "pnbim v. j6hib. 

S^illlS f. (1131) fiction, mistake. B. Bath. 145 a , 
a. fr. Vtl '3,. . 11 Nil E. . . .'a account (or opinion) is 
a mistake. [Ar. reads KHIia q. v.] 

1113, tT13 (denom. of |/m, v. Wni; cmp. Klta) 
to 6e deerful.' Targ. Y. Ex. XVIII, 9 ; a. fr.— Ber. 30 b , 
a. fr. uaiB '3 was very cheerful. M. Kat. 17 a "W151 xrpia 
I feel happy. Sabb. 77 b .— *Hull. 32 a !H3 SOmia mn xi 
'31 I could not make light of my uncle so as to ask him 
(Ar. ed. pr. Mpiia). 

Pa. flia to cheer up, make laugh. Taan 22 a , v. xnila. 
Ned. 51 a have I not cautioned thee 'jUian sVl not to 
make us laugh? Ib. 50 b bot. "(Milan (En Yaak. iman). 

"'IS, 5*13, JllS (b. h., /IS, v. 113) to dig out, 
whence 1) (cmp. N13) to take out (a piece of dough) and 
shape, to form. Men.V, 1; Sifra Emor Par. 10, ch. XIII 
'31 rtlia IIXBSl he gets the leaven required for the loaves 
out of themselves (taking a piece of dough out of that 
intended for the loaves). — 2) to create, invent. Ned. 10 a 
'31 1132) TIBife terms (for vows) which the Scholars have 
(arbitrarily) invented (as disguises). Lev. B. s. 9 ilia ywb 
an invented expression. Gen. E. s. 100 Diijiia Diiai 
fictitious words. Ib. s. 48 nulla (sub. EH131, some ed. 
rnxia). 

Pi. Kli3, rtlia 1) same. Y. Meg. I, 71 c top '31 )tfo ia 
made up for them a false Latin translation (of the Bible) 
from the Greek; v. Iia.— Y. Keth. II, 26 b bot. ljun pISa 
we have been inventing, i. e. speaking in fun; Tosef. ib. 
II, 1 13M pliaa (corr. ace; Var. dixia). [Y. Kidd. Ill, 64 d 
'=1 am pISa, prob. ^o be read "pin "p.] [Y. Shebi. IV, 
35 b bot. difflina plsa, v. flfia.]— 2) to disprove, refute. 
Tanh.Balak,14;,ed. Bub. 23 (ref. to baddim, Is.XLIV,25) 
'31 pISa they frustrate their predictions. 

Blthpa.trrsnnto be tempted to a falsehood, turn a liar. 
Ber. 4 a ; Der. Er. Zut. ch. Ill train thy tongue to say, 
I do not know, '31 fiiatin &WBJ lest thou be induced to 
tell a falsehood and be caught. 

"'IS I, JtflS ch. same, to invent. Targ. Y. II, Num. 

xvi,' 28 mia T (Var. niia). . ' ' 



Via 



Ithpa. iiaris io fie declared wrong, to be mistaken. 
Y. Teb.VIII, 9 C niarYW -pre St-fen Tftia fVOS thy story 
crossed three rivers (coming from Babylonia) and is found 
to he a mistake; T. Sabb. II, 9 a top latYW (corr. ace). 

"HS II, Pa. 15a, nia (dialect.=iia) to despise. Cant. 
E. to VIII, 1 (ref. to *b TQi i& ibid.; read:) ni3a IT rrts 
1^ there is none can despise me (for kissing my brother) ; 
[Ex. E. s. 5 beg. corrupt]. 

"H3, Talk. Deut._913 'pDb^S '3, v. i^Efl. 

"^TTS m. pi. (i-n) fictions. Bekh. 8 b '31 iMa ed. 
(Ar. *l5, En Yaak. 13113) some stories. 

l™2 m. (113) digging instrument, spade, mattock. 
Kel. XXIX, 7 'an 1i the handle of a spade.— P?. fTHa. 
Y'lamd. Sh'lah quot. in Ar. Mia3 / a(?). — 2) rw£, ca«% 
(cmp. nextw.).— PL as above. M.Kat.4 b ; Tosef. ib.I,2; 
ih. Shebi. I, 7 '31 ilpisa'HJ '3 the cuts around the roots 
of trees; v. SliMN. 

fTTHS, iTp'Tfi f. (113, v. la II) small olive press. 
Sifra B'har ch. I one may grind the olives in the large 
tank '13b &1J301 and then put them into the small press ; 
Shebi. VIII, 6 "TOb.—Pl. riiliia. Gen. B. s. 31 Ar. (ed. 
1111113, nfTia, corr. ace). 

rfi^S, rfiMi f. (113) fiction, falsehood. Lev. B. 
s. 9. Gen. B. s. 48 T , v. X13. 

m% v. nia. 

JStTnlSl f. (h13) joy. Oonstr. tirnia. Targ. Esth. 
VIII, 17.' ' 

Snin^'lil f. (v. preced.) cheer. Sabb. 30 b '31 NSiMj 
something humorous. Ber. 55 a n h i> KnaSa nininila its 
very cheerfulness frustrates it (the good dream). 

"'"O'HSl m. (contr. of "V^l 13) prop, court-house, in 
gen. government's building, public building, treasury. 
Ber. 56 a '=1 toMjl '3 ed. (Mss. XVP\ 13, S«1iia q. v.) the 
king's treasury shall be broken into. [Perl. Et. St. p. 25 
refers to Pers. divan which, however, seems of too late 
an origin for the Talmudic date, v. Cycl. Brit. 9 ,h ed. s. 
v. Divan.] 

5 "HS (comp. of 3, 11, a. b-h. Mia) as to what refers 
to— whence; on account of, for the sake of, in order 
that. Targ. 0. Gen. VI, 3; a. e.— Lev. B. s. 28, end M« 
ij«Mj '3 he went for (the sake of getting) a bather. Y. 
Kidd. Ill, 64 a '31 11331 stMl '3 in order that he may not 
deny his owing a cup. Yoma75 b '31 N31 '3 (v. Eabb. D. 
S. a. 1.) through the merit of the teacher is the scholar 
supported. — "'Via, TjMia &c. on my, thy account &c. 
Targ. 0. Deut. Ill, 28; a. e. (Y. M>}3; b. h. )yvb). 

TTTH!2> f. (Mia) separation. Tanh. Mishp. 17 '3 *,irl= 
an expression meaning 'creating a partition'. 



"p"l£ by right, v. pi. 



p'to, ^T^ m - P 1 - < h - Dnr ! 3 ; v - '•"'a, 113) fictions, 
whence lying oracles ; trasf. conjurers. Targ. Is.XLIV,25. 
Targ. Lev. XX, 27; a. fr. 

ri|?" l 'lSl f. (pia) search, examination, test. Pes. I, 1. 
Y. ib. T I,'beg. 27 a ' T/ 3 tinn npi13 search (after leavened 
bread) made in day-time is a (valid) search. Kil. IX, 7; 
a. fr.— Num. B. s. 9 nilil 'zb referring to his search; 
i. e. intimating that the test by the 'bitter waters' (v. JVJ1&) 
will also affect him (the adulterer) (Sot. 28 a ftS*T<\>).—Pl. 
hipiia ; esp. cross-examinations of witnesses as to minor 
circumstances; v. rtlipft. Snh. V, 2 (40 a ); a. fr. 

Csrnp *~3 f. ch. same, esp. examination of slaught- 
ered animals as to the condition of the lungs &c, v. 
pia. Hull. 48 a '31 '3 M-ib ni^i no examination will avail 
them to make them permitted; (ib. 46 a npiia' Tf? iMi). 
lb. 10 b '31 '3 "pixa declares an examination (of the 
slaughtering knife) necessary &c: a. e. ; 

rfKDj?" 1 "© m. '(v. pia Pa., end) detective, police 
officer. T Tian. 22 a SON '3 Ms. M. (ed, SOplTT, T,jt|>ttt). 
[The description of that officer's doings provesthe correct- 
ness of the version of Ms. M.] 

k^THS pr. n. B'ditha, name of a canal of the 
Euphrates', v. KrjiiaasiB. M. Kat. ll a 11113 iN3V'3 (read 
'33, Alf. Nni13alS3)' in the B'ditha the fish were laid 
dry. [Var. KrVHS, Xnni3, v. Babb. D. S. a.l.note 300.] 

~~2 (]^13, v. Iia) to separate, divide, distinguish; 
(neut. v.) Mia to keep aloof. Pes. 87 b '31 foxy Mia with- 
draw thyself from (touching) her. Y. Hag. II, 78 b top 
naimn •p Ma KS-nB Ha in order that he may be careful 
in handling T'rummah. B. Mets. 59 b it seems to me 
'31 QiMia biiantU that the colleagues hold themselves 
aloof from thee (i. e. thou art excommunicated). Ih. 89 a 
dilana '3 to separate (with a tool) dates which stick 
together (cmp. Bashi a. 1.); Y. Maasr. H, 50 a top Mian 
d-nona (read Vl13!l). Ber. 5 a '31 -pMia -pll&i pains will 
stay away from him ; a. fr. 

Hif. (b. h.) Mian 1) to sever, set apart, distinguish. 
Hull. 21 b Ml3a 13150 pMa he nips the bird's neck but 
must not sever a limb or cut with his" nail deeper than 
required (Lev. I, 17). Ib.I,7 '31 " ( 13-Ml3an He who estab- 
lished distinctions between (the) sanctity (of the Sabbath) 
and (the) sanctity (of the Festivals); a. fr. — 2) (denom. 
of fiMQN or ii^ian) to recite the benediction Hanvmabdil 
on. the exit of the Sabbath or Festival, to say Sabdalah. 
Ibid. 'jiMlaa 1313 what formula must yon use (at the 
exit of the Sabbath and the simultaneous beginning 
of a Festival)? a. fr.— Part. Hof. M^aia separated, dist- 
inguished. Num. B. s. 10 beg. '31 CfMaia are different 
from the doings of other nations. Naz. 7 a ITa 11 rviMiaia 
are separated one from' another. Tosef. Peah III, 5 ; 
a. fr. 

b"l3, T"Q ch. 1) as h. Kal..(neut.) Hull. H6 1 ' ^Mra 



~m 



'31 we abstain from them. lb. '31 ib^a s6 do not abstain; 
a. e.— 2) (as foreg. Hif. 2) fo say Habdalah. Erub. 40 b 
rtia "va hast thou said Habd. ? . . . SOVna -pa yes, I 
have &c. ' 

1"T&, v. yiKla. 

fCD, r.TW>. 

p"E (b. h. j/^3, v. 113) <o split, break into, pene- 
trate. Keth. XIII, 9 p}ia nBVJ man the removal to a 
better residence (and style of living) penetrates (the 
body and creates disease); v. ib. 110 b '31 bfct1a\!)l3 'a iKa' 
what does bodek mean? Answ. As it is expressed by 

Samuel a change of the mode of living (v. tlbl) is 

the beginning of abdominal disease. — Esp. 1) to search, 
examine, investigate, try. Sot. V, 1 as well as the water 
'31 !"iniX "pplTB tries her (eventually makes her sick), so 
does it try him (the adulterer). Pes. I, 1 ystrfn T\tA "2 
leavened bread is searched after (for the sake of remov- 
ing it). lb.9 b p ! l*ra (f^S) a house which has been searched. 
Snh. Ill, 6 DWH njs'3 the witnesses are cross-examined. 
Ib. IV, 5; v. riffi-m Sabb. 139 a 1i"«na pba '31 investigate 
the doings of the Israelitish judges. Keth. Til, 8 SOU 
'31 ftplia he has her examined (as to bodily soundness) 
by his female relatives. Ib. 75 b 3"XK . . . "pX npm 
ipTia the presumption is that nobody will drink out of a 
cup, unless he has examined it (will not marry a woman 
before ascertaining h,er physical condition). Kidd. IV, 4 
'31 smni* piiab -px must investigate her family records 
up to four mothers &c. Ib. 5 '31 ya "ppTa "pi* no family 
records are searched beyond the altar, i. e. the ascertained 
fact of a person's admission to priestly services is suf- 
ficient evidence of unblemished descent for marriage pur- 
poses. Nidd.30 b ixsal -jpiai (read issoi 1p131) they (the 
scholars) examined (made a post mortem examination); 
Tosef.ib.IV, 17; Bekh.45 a ; a.fr.— 2) to tend, cure (plants), 
esp. to cover with earth or manure. Tosef. Shebi. I, 12; 
Y. ib. IV, 35 b bot. 

Nif. P52? to be examined &c. T. Gitt. I, 43 b ; IX, 
end, 50 d dttjfi 'i the report was traced. Nidd. V, 6 sima 
"ip'nna her vows are subject to examination (to find out 
whether she knows the import of a vow); a. fr. 

p"lS, p^lS ch. same; 1) to split, burst, break into. 
Hull. 105 a '31 kpiai K-raiS JWl (Ar. NpTW) he saw that 
a sewer had burst into his field (inundating it) ; v. Xpia. 
—2) to examine, espy; to test. Targ. Judg. XVIII, 2; a. 
fr.— Yeb. 65 a \WB3 pTCfl» I will test myself (as to my 
virility). Y. Ned. II, 37 b bot. fTTflpWa rtSPn TSa Hefa 
wanted to sound his knowledge. Taan. 21 b ; a. fr. — 3) to 
cure the body by means of a purgative. Ned. 50 b nin 
'31 STHBB5 pi"ia purged himself with &c; a. e. — Part. 
pass, p-^a tested, sure, known. Y. Sot. V, 20 c bot. xb 
^? flp^ia nilin was unknown to me (I had not experi- 
enced). Taan. 23 b ■£ inp-na &6 (not lrppTO) ye are un- 
known to me (as to your honesty).^-6t5p" , *!a I am sure, 
Iknow. Pes.lll b 'slxW.laa ma sttp'na I am sure you 
do not know (Ms. M. '31 fr* 'a, Ms. .2 Oxf. i«ipa, v. 
Eabb.D. S. a. 1. note). *Hull. 32 a '3l l JT3 SOp*n5 Slin \sh 



Ar. Var. (ed. XilT ,k 13) I was not so familiar with my uncle 
that I should have asked him. 

Pa. p^a to discover (by sorcery), to find out secrets. 
Targ. 0. Gen. XLTV, 5; 15 . Cmp. S-lK3p"na. 

p~il (b. h., preced.) 1) breach, defect. — 2) attendance, 
repair. n^3H 'a (II Kings XII, 8) keeping the Temple in 
repair.' Y. Pes. VIII, 36 a top. Tern. I, 6 'an '3 iffilp 
(Mish. ni331p) offerings for the Temple repair, opp. to 
hata "tsnp objects dedicated for sacrifices. Ibid. VII, 1; 
a.fr.— Pf.Dip'ta, constr. ip-ia. Sabb. 32 a niTra '3 breaches 
through which death enters, i. e. sins for which one is 
visited with death; v. p^fii. 

p"fi ch. same, defect, sin. Targ. Y. II Num. V, 19 
these waters searching "pbifctfl "jb the defect. [Probably 
a corrupt reading.] 

^"G, ^(21 "S m. ch.=h. pna 1) breaking into, 
freshet,' bursting' dam. B. Mets. 66 b '31 '3 xnK a freshet 
came and overflooded &c. B. Bath. 41 a '31 "13 bplU a 
freshet swept his field (taking away the fence). Hull. 105 a 
'31 KIIJis Ar. a channel caused by a freshet, v. p53. 
Snh. 7 a strife is likened '31 (fcOal) "Ol SVT012& to an 
inroadmade by a burst (of water), once enteringit widens 
more and more; a. fr.— PL ip^ta, h pTS. Erub. 21 a Waim 
"Ol where freshets are of frequent occurrence. — 2) breach, 
defect. Targ. 0. Gen. XLII, 9 (h. ilTO). Targ. II Kings 
XII, 6sq. — PI. Targ. Lam. I, 8 fctflp^a her shortcomings 

(h. nrv-a). [B. Bath. 6i a Kpia, v.Np'iain.] 

~l"tS, Pi. Wa as following. Euth E. to II, 15 H^n 
'31 155a scattered coins. [Prob. to-be read Ipaa or 
iipaa.]' 

"Y1S (|Aia; cmp. 1t3, 113) 1) to scatter, strew.— Pa. 
1-13 same, also, to distribute freely. Targ.Ps.LXVIII,31; 
a. fr. — Hull. 54 a '31 xab fib 1113 iX if a powder is strewn 
upon its wound, it may recover; [Kashb. toB.Bath.74 11 
quotes "Hrras tH? lasi]. Gitt. 56 b 'sl^rpaB^ 11131 and 
scatter ye his (my) ashes over seven waters. Y. Ber. IX, 
end, 14 d '31 113 "p11»3a1 ttSlM when people gather (are 
willing to listen to instruction), distribute (teach) ; when 
people scatter (throw religion away in, neglect), gather 
in (live in retired study). Cant. E. to VIII, 9 'jtoialJi ma 
disperse ye (do not stand in crowds).— Part, pass. 113a 
scattered. Y. M. Kat. Ill, 81 d top 71130 "Ifiia "p5.b trw 
'31 there are more than those (twenty four cases) scat- 
tered in Mishnah and Boraitha. Sabb. 20 a , v, infra. — 
2) to shake (in a sieve). Targ. Amos IX, 9. [Ibid, pnrra, 
prob. "pinaa.] Cmp. Vita.— 3) to tread olives. Targ. Mic. 
VI, 15 (perh. 113?). 

Ithpa. "ffiarYii*, 113"«; Ithpe.*naTP&, Ttqis to be scatt- 
ered, to disperse. Targ. Is. XXXlII, 3 ; a. fr.— Sabb. 20 a 
imaia tnp (v. Eabb.D.S.a.l.note300, ed. piaa) loose 
staves in the stove will fall apart (and may require 
stirring). Lev. E. s. 6 and the denars began 'p'TiSna to be 
scattered. Gitt.33 b ^•na'iX -VMsA (not TTnai«j let them 
disperse (so as not to be found together). Snh. 8 a bot. 
ITOWi and they (the judges) dispersed. — Denom. 1W3, 
SliWa./ 



ans, srrna, v. ina. 
^sns, v. -in. 

1113, IfUS f. (b. h.; ina) chaotic condition; always 
with inn. Gen. B. s. 2; a. fr. 

1("Q=inax. Ber. 45 a ; a. fr. (Ms. M.). 

"1HS ch.=lina icitt, in them. Pes. 72 h ; a. fr.; v. in. 

srDins, v . w#*™. 

' Iin3, v. -ma. 

S^THS f., (ina) confusion. Targ. Prov. XXVI, 21 
ed. Wil. (Ms. snitta; oth. ed. SttWra). 

TQ, SHIS, JinS (b. h. ; j/na, cmp. xia, to Je 

broken into; to gasp; to burst forth, v. pna, ina; v. Ges. 
Hebr. Diet. s. v.) to be stirred up, confounded, in disorder. 
—Gen. B. s. 2, beg. Kniai Win; ib. fem. xniai sum 
bewildered and confounded. 

*Eif. nnan to clear (the field), cmp. TOa. Y. Sabb. 
Vtr, io a top' ohutd n-aan (read nn3an). T Y. Shebi. 
IV, 35 b -piaal (read "pnaal or nnaal) ' you may clear 
thickets (in the Sabbath year) ; v. ^13 Pi. 

^nS ch. same. Part, ina, fern, soro chaotic. Targ. 
Y. II, Ex. XII, 42. Targ. Y* Gen. I, 2.' 

" in riS, Targ. Prov. II, 7, read 603& (as in Pesh.) or 

-rina&=ed. Wil. iinaffl. 

ITllS f. (3hS) haste. EzraIV,23. Targ.Bx.Xn.il; 

p^llS, Sj^TTS (pna) bright, distinguished. Targ. 
Cant. VII, 3 ; a. e. " 

"PHS, ~!iriS m. (ina; b. h. "VTO) white, white 
spot (cloud).— PI "pT™. "i*" 13 - Taan - ?b ( ref - t0 Job 
xxxvn, 21) 'svnaina ynw-misnv) nsca ibs Ms. 

M., even when the clouds stand in white spots, there 
comes a wind &c. ; edit, 'ina 'ina HBW3 S>ip1U the sky is 
made (to appear) full of white clouds. 

fcTPnS, pi. "nTlS same. Targ. Job XXXVII, 21 
'31 ^a 'a white clouds without giving rain &c. 

iTnS, v. nna. 

JllS (b. h.; jAna, v. ina) to hurry, be excited, anx- 
ious. Part. pass, 3ina excited, pressed. Pes. ll a sq. bin, 
'31 Nlrt '3 man is excited when his property is at stake. 
Ib. 72 b 'a 13aT his time (for doing the thing) is pressed 
(it cannot be postponed). Yoma85 a , a. e. ina 39 '3 anx- 
ious to save his dead relative from the fire. 

Pi. 3rra to agitate, frighten. Y. Yoma VI, 43 c bot. 
IS^naa nnx nab why dost thou agitate us. 



Hithpa. a. Nithpa. bnann, Srtara to fee excited, con- 
founded. Num. B. s. 14 (ref. to iibbahel, Koh. VITI, 3) 
'31 bnanFl ?N be not intimidated by his wrath, Ib. 
nuiMa "|H '3 X3 he was not carried away by her (tempt- 
ing) actions. Ib. '31 iJOSa '3 S3 he was not confounded 
on account of his being alone in the house. Pesik.B. s. 36 
trtnanal DUBSino were in commotion and alarm.— 

Part. Eof. 3naia, or Pual 3fiiaa confounded, hard to 
pronounce or remember. Gitt. 14 b '31 'aia "nimaffi Ar. 
(ed. 'iaa) their names are bewildering, beginning with 
Arda,Arta,Phile.— [Deut. B. s. 9 nasaia IHSI, read rifiMO 
his mind is confused, he cannot collecthimself for prayer.] 

5HS, ^JlS ch.same. — Pa. Wiaijto be precocious, 
inconsiderate, hasty. Targ. Koh. V, 1; a. e.— 2) as h. 
Piel. Targ. Job XXIII, 16; a. fr. 

Ithpa. snanx, Ithpe. Brians*,' inar™ i) to be hurried, 
to hurry. Targ. Esth. II, 9. — 2) to be agitated. Targ. I 
Sam. XXVIII, 21; a. fr.— Y. Keth. I, 25 a is it possible 
that the whole town '31 nbnana was excited on account 
of Naomi? 



nbns f 



f. (b. h.; bna) suddenness, sudden calamity, 
shock'. Y. Bice. II, 64 d top; S'mah. Ill, 9 nnia di3ll)3 
'a pttJ death after two days' sickness is a shocking death. 
— Y. B. Mets. II, end, 8 d a rending of garments 13"wr 
'31 '3 3B which is not done under the influence of the 
first shock (after the sad news) is considered as if not 
performed at all. — PL nftna. Num. E. s. 11; Tanh. 
Naso, 10 'aai fcClSSXa as a forced duty and in a hurried 
manner; a. fr. 

DHS ( n QnS?) m.(denom.ofnextw.)co«/e-(fwer, 
cattle-raiser, driver. Deut. B. s. 3 ins> dnam and the 
driver (leader of the ass) was with him. *[Y. Ned. XI, 
end, 42 d iJrVtt 13B ta^an (=Dna) my stable-man (a gentile) 
has seduced me. Ib. 101X DNian "pit (not Tibs) (do you 
believe) the stable-man's connection with thee has no 
restrictive consequences? [V.Noda Bihudah, 2 nd ed., Eb. 
Haez. Nr. 12.] Gen. B. s. 86 lana (Yalk. Gen. 145 .dIK, 
prob. bna).— PL cnana, pana. Y. Pes. I, 27 b (in gen. 
servants}. Cant.B. to IV, 4 (play on -nanaai Deut. VII, 
14) there shall be none barren (of knowledge) among 
thee, d33125 'aa i&K even among your cattle drivers; Deut. 
B. s. 3; a. e.; Gen. B. s.32 mania (corr. ace.)— Y. Maasr. 
II, 50 a bot. 'pana? Vim (not ^iinn) give the. drivers 
(field laborers) oranges to eat; [Erub. 53 b pan53 IJilnX 
in diff. connection]. 

riDnS f. (b. h. ; ana, JEthiop. to be dumb; j/na, 
v. ina) cattle, quadruped domestic animal (mostly of the 
horned race); in gen. dumb beast, opp. to man. Gen. B. 
s. 20 m512>1 n^n '3 domestic animals, wild beasts, and 
birds; a. fr. — n&5 'a large cattle (of the bovine race); 
T\p1 'a small cattle (sheep, goats &c). Bekh. 8 a ; a. fr.' — 
313a nana, suijik 'a s.c, v. Jflsa, K3i3-)ia &e. — PL niana 
Gen. B.'sl 86; a. fr. 

mCnS m. (b. h.; Coptic p-ehe-mau, water-ox, Ges.) 
in Babbin. lit. Behemoth, a legendary animal reserved 
for the righteous in the hereafter; cmp. '[Fni!?. Lev. B» 



m 



s. 22 in place of the? forbidden animals from which you 
here abstain, S]5n "illiia '3 (I shall give you in the here- 
after) 'the b'hemoth on the thousand mountains' (Ps. 
L, 10). lb. s. 13 '31 )n*bl '3 b'hemoth a. leviathan are 
the game of the righteous &c. lb. '31 ymi '3 b'hemoth 
shall attack the leviathan with bis horns &c. 

pflS (b.h.in pH3; j/Ha, v. irO) to shine with a pale 
light, he white,' glisten. Bekh. 45 b piiia one glistening 
(with unsteady eyes, albino), diff.fr. p5 white-complected. 

Hif.p'TGn 1) to shine, be bright. Y. Pes. I, beg. 27 b top 
d^pirOa. TVllD flSU)3 when the candles burned brightly, 
lb. HipTTQa; Gen. E. s. 31 rWOa'fof glistening jewels), 
lb. s. 40 '31 53 npihan the whole land of Egypt was 
brightened by her (Sarah's) beauty; a.fr. — 2) to brighten, 
make bright. Snh. 100 a .— Part. Hof. pfOla distinguished, 
prominent. Kidd. 33 a 'ail iaia when his teacher is a 
distinguished scholar. Gitt. ll a "ppfpla iniatt) names of 
a distinctly gentile character (which Jews do not assume). 
[Sifra Thazr. ch. I nprOla rlKBJ, read with E. S. to Neg. 



) sAtwe. Targ. II Sam. 



pflS ch. same. Af. pTi 

xxh," 13. 

pHSl, v. pnia. 

S^J^JlS (P 1 - ''Pd 3 ), "'f?^?, SrYWO f.=h. Ulna. Targ. 
Y. I, IILev. XIII, 2; XIV, 56;' a. e. 

Iprfi m. (pfO) owe afflicted with bohak (Lev. XIII, 
39), owe having an eruption resembling leprosy, v. piiia. 
Gen. E.s. 98 '31 'a Xinii> ia one who is a bahakan is hot- 
tempered. PI. T?p T iia. Ib. (ed. 'Ilia) 'a pa Sia^l (ref. to 
Gen. XLIX, 7) he let rise among them a large number 
of bohakanin (hot-tempered men). V. next w. 

^Dprp, ^pfliS m. same, one full of whitish 
pustules'. Ber.58 bT Ms.M.(ed.trtpH3 plur.). Pern, rmpiia, 
'ilia, fem. rYWpfia/'ia. Meg.24 b '3 W one whose hands 
are &c. 

iTtH (b. h.; jArO, v. ">rO; cmp. preced. ws.); Pi. 
irfra or ffi/. Won to shine brightly, be glossy; trnsf. 
to make one's self conspicuous, to boast. Lev. E. s. 15; 
Tanh. Thazr. 11 bahereth (Lev. XIII, 2) that is Yavan 
(Gra3C0-Syria)'31 5l> nirOa ilrViilB (orniiiaa)that lorded 
it over Israel by her decrees; v. ftp. — [Pi- 1>T2 to make 
clear. Pesik. E. s. 33, v. 1ha.] 

irpl ch., Shaf. IfOllJ q. v. 

anna, anrjn, v. m^. 
"Np^-im, v. xp^n. 

rn?"Q f. (b. h., IrO) bright white spot on the skin, 
eventually one of the symptoms of leprosy. Neg. I, 1 
l5lI53 HIS 'a bahereth means an intensively bright spot 
(sparkling) like snow. Ib. II, 1 '31 il7» '3 an intensely 
bright spot appears faint on the skin of a Germanus 
(Teuton), and the faint spot appears bright on a Cushite; 



(Sifra Thazr., Neg. ch.J, ed. "Weiss '53, '33; Talk. Lev. 551 
'alii, corr. 'alia, 1115133); a. fr — PI. rYhrO. Neg. VII, 1. 
Ib. VIII, 6; Tosef. ib. Ill, 12. 

fcttTTS, *y% anm oh. same. Targ. 0. Lev. 

XIII, 2;' a. e.—Pl. ^rta. Ib. 38; 39. V. Xptta. 

nr&, rpr& (y>o, v. ^^) i) (=n. &&, cmp. 1^1 

a. Bfi1)*l)fo 6e confounded, abashed, ashamed. Targ. 0. 
Gen. XLIX, 8; a. fr— Y. Shek. I, beg. 45 d (in Hebr. 
phraseol.) rPrOS i6l Klpl p (Bab. ed. rTOSl . . . Klplrl.) 
can we read this and not feel ashamed? Y. Keth. XII, 35 a 
top ; Y. Kil. IX, 32 b top, if I rise among the righteous, 
Mriaa «5 I may not feel ashamed. HOXiasa rVrO X3K rial 
(read 11131S3) why should I be ashamed of my doings? 
Y. Kidd. IV, 65 c top '31 TWO they are ashamed of one 
another. Y. Orl. I, 61 b top iio 53r*a hi(l3 is ashamed 
to look at him. Lev. E. s. 31 TWO !S5 yet are not. 
ashamed (to worship them). — 2) (=tVS2) to be bewildered. 
Keth. 62 a (prov.) a woman used to abortion (or loss of 
children through death) Sihrta x5 is no longer besides 
herself (when it reoccurs ; Ar. : is not ashamed). 

Pa. two, Af. rVIro:* 1) to put to shame. Targ. Ps. 

XIV, 6. Ib. CXIX, lifif a. e.— Y. Shebi. IV, 35 b bot.; 
Y. Maas. Sh. V, beg. 55 d 13S11 rrt TWGal and bend 
the tree down as if in shame, in order that it may bear 
fruits (cmp. Sabb. 67 a 'that people may pray for it'). Y. 
Kil.; Y. Keth. 1. c. if I rise among the wicked rVrOS S<5 
(or HiiaS) I may not put (them) to shame. — 2) to frighten, 
confound.— Y. E. Hash. II, 58 a bot. '31 rttan !*5 con- 
found not thy Master's children (the Israelites). 

Ithpa. rvnara*, Ithpe. n^Tans, contr, riirtatj to be put 
to shame. Cant. E. to II, 5 '31 'aha Kim and he felt 
ashamed and went away. Y. Sabb. VI, 8 C top Sflrtaa 



arrfi, arfffrja, xrnm f.(h. nea ; r™, w) 

shame, disgrace; nakedness (=h. Sill?). Targ. Job VIII; 22 ; 
a. fr.— Snh. 102 b ; Gen.E.s.49 Ol^ab elders of disgrace, 
v.fiaHJS. Hull. 56 b IrT^nna ij&IT* their shame (diseased 
conditiou) has been revealed. Targ. II Ohr. XXXII, 21 



12, v. -a. 

X"fi (b. h. ; yta, ha, v. "TO, to enter into, split, in- 
sert; v. xaa, TO; to be vacant, clear, v. ISO, 1Q; to be 
disordered, v. ffi&a, 11513) 1) to enter, come. E. Hash. I, 2 
dVlSM ^xa those come into the world, i.e. mortals. Hull. 54 b 
dl5ltO 33N13 be welcome!— Tanh. Vaera 14; Midr. Till, 
to Ps. LXXVIII, 47, a. e. (play on 5airi3 ibid.) 5a jri K3 
[5a li5 K3] it (the locust) comes, encamps [rests], and 
plucks. Y. Shebu. VIII, 38 e top, a. e. nxailS 31pa3, v. 
n-lia.— Y. Peah 1, 15 c top, a. fr. '31 ft* ^ x'a^ may (evil) 
befall me, if—; cmp. Shit; Koh. E. to X, 8 '31 W »5 dS 
(corr. ace.).— 2) with 5s (b. h. with 5x) to have sexual 
connection. Kerith. I, 1 ; a. fr.— 3) with 1^5 or i^5 to 
fall into the power of.—Aboth. II, 1 irh S3 rinx T ,x1 
illOS and sin will have no power over thee. Yoma 86 b 
'31 131 vrt X3 (not hita) he had the power (the chance) 



to commit a sin &c; Kidd.39 b ; a. fr.— H501 K13 come and 
see (I will prove). Yoma 1. c; a. fr. 

Hif. SOarj 1) to bring, carry. Gitt. I, 1 '=i SWaart he 
who brings (as a messenger) a letter of divorce from 
abroad ; a. fr.— 2) to offer. Bice. I, 1 ; a. fr.— 3) to draw 
an object toward' s one's self, opp. TpVin, v. T^in. Hull. 
II, 3 "n &6l -pVin he put the knife out (in slaughtering) 
but did not draw it backward; '31 xVl f\ or drew it 
toward himself but did not then move forward; a. fr. 
■ — 4) to bring about, produce, cause. Aboth I, 17 sfaa 
tttiH begets sin; a. fr.' — 5) to had, procure admittance. 
Ab. Zar. 20 b Torah '31 *hrb nxi3a (v. supra) leads to 
careful conduct &c. lb. 18° •'31 ''SKiaa fins wilt thou 
procure me (promise me) admittance into the world to 
come?; a. fr. 

rfera, v. mta. 

fc^HllSl m. (Syr. bubia sartago, P. Sm.; prob.=T3 
XiSX, S softened through assimilation, cmp. S^SM a. 13 
i&n) a frying pan, sometimes nsed as a coal pan con- 
taining the coal over which things are roasted. Pes. 30 b 
'313 Wl (Ms. M. 2, Ms. Oxf. Ar. and old ed., v. Eabb. 
D. S. a. 1. note 10); Zeb. 95 b (Ms. E. 1 «iaa, corr. '13; 
Ms. K. »i313). Sabb. 29 a he threw the date stones 
amtk Ms. M. a. Ar. (Y. Bets, IV, 62 c n^SSrfe, v. Eashi 
to Sabb. 1. c.) into the pan. [Editions vary betw. &0313 
a. X1313.] 

^"DID, !T2*D, Lam. B. to II, 2, v. JKa^a. 

. 1WTI2, v. iswsa. 

rraia, v.'»;a»i. 
wtois, v. Krtt^. 

"11212 <Ae word 3133- reversed. Sabb. 104 a . 

*"03"Q, Targ. II Esth. IV, 1 p*X iaS.13 '3, Var. 133.13 
'X '3, 'X la^si isaiB, read 1*>Ba3Bis(!*) or pBaSB'ii (stu- 
Ta.jiiaTa/nati.^^ara) commands, ordinances; v. Nala^l. ' 

"iJjia, v. isa.-M-niia, pi. niisia, v. iaa. . 

*5<^n ! lil c. (denom. of la V) a mat of reeds. [The best 
versions, however, read SO"tt3 q. v.] 

rm% v. rrrna. 

NlTnS, v.xiiiia. •' 

iniiy.-s.ra."- 

l^fllS pr. n. m. Bohdyon. Pes. 57 a (Ms. M. p. 113); 
Tosef. Tb.II (III), 20 (Var. IVl 133, y«n 133 p). 

plHiS, pf~fi m. (b. h. ; pro) w/wfe scwr/". Neg. I, 5. 
Sifra Thazr., Neg.y ch. X. 

X0TH ch. same. Targ. 0. Lev. XIII, 38 (ed. Berl. 
St|3ni3). " 



^rria, rp3j£ri3, v. ^a. 
xrnia, v. w 

112 (b. h., |A3, v. 113). I) to £razd mjjom, whence 
despise. Aboth IV, 3 13 Mrt ha despise not &c. — 2) to 
divide; v. 1313. 

112 ch. same; 1) to plunder, ransack. Targ. Gen. 
XXXIV, 27; a. fr.— Esth. E.to I, 10 (play on XMa ibid.) 
hW3. 113 plunder his house. — 2) to tread. lb. (play on 
&«-a3X1 KM3 ibid, as if from 33, cmp. 133) 13131 113 
tread and shatter, (v. Targ. Esth. a. 1. ; cmp. Sttiia). [Most 
of the forms may be derived fr. 1i3.] 

' ffiSJIil m. the Buzite. Targ. Job XXXII, 2; 6. 

*&W JiS m. (113, 113) plunderer. PL twria. Yalk. 
Jer. 28 T l T (Lam. E. introd. E. Yits. 1 XMiia).* ' 

IXtfrQ, (tiTPZl) f. (v. 113) contempt, contumely. 
Targ. Ps. CXIX, 22.— V. Nfail. 

"iTQ m. (bhal) prop, aversion, sickness, hence (cmp. 
ttJK3). a certain stage in the growth of the fig (inter- 
mediate between 133 and bas), when its head becomes 
white; trnsf. the stage of female puberty intermediate 
between childhood (mibi) and full womanhood (mlJ3). 
Nidd.V, 7 the Scholars have introduced figurative terms for 
the stages of womanhood: paggah, bohal &c; iai ibx '3 
rf*Yl83 bohal means the days of maidenhood. V. ^H3. 

JKESia pr. n. m. Buta, father of Baba, v. K33II. 

I3t3ia m. (BBS) bright spot (cloud, v. ITS). Targ. 
Job -XXXVII, 21 (Ms. .pais). 

fctUql:-!, U< , D" |, tai3'Bi. (v. preced.), X1131 '3 spark 
(blossom of light/cmp. h.-ps^).— PI. 1BB13, 131313. B. 
Mets. 85 b 'si nvna '31 13B13-. . . ; Ms.M. (ed. . . .'1313 
rpTral, corr. ace.) two sparks came forth and struck the 
eyes of &c. Ber. 58 a 1131331 '31 '3 1pS3l ritDtt) '1 lax xrfsis 
rWSb Ar. ed. Koh. (Ms.' M. KrHBl3 p&31 Xr&ia rP3 31 
'31, omitted in ed., v. Eabb. D. S. a. 1. note) B. Sh. 
spoke a word, and there came forth sparks and blinded 

" l T2 ! £l m. pi. (BB3) the poor {broken ones). Gitt. 37 a ; 

v. &iB13iia. ' 

ataxia, v. KBBia. • 
nMia, v. -KBiBa. - 

S^ri" l l2ia, MrO'EHS f. (BB3 ;■ cmp. SKBBia) ftower-bud 
of the caper tree, capers. Ber. 36 b K11B1 VS2F& ST^piDl 
'13 {f«m Ar/ (ed. dupiJKl "^31 XrllBb ... Ms. M. X&ib . . . 
'i3 OTfll SM1B1) the blossom of the caper was cut off, 
but the bud survived. [lb. 58 a X1131 '13 Ms. M. read 
XB1B13, v. KBBia.]— PL snjBSB, Sn^a. Hull. 59" '3 3ffl 
'31 seven blossoming capers (Eashi: stones of the caper 



fruit). Y. Maasr. IV, end, 51 c 13 . . . 'paiia to remove 
the buds. [Y. Pes. I, beg. 27 a 8tVBl3 ^183, v. 8B1B3.] 

"jbtDlil, NlbtSlS m. (boa) 1) idleness. Targ. 0. 
Ex. XXI, 18 (being incapacitated).' — 2) indemnity for 
loss of time. lb. v. 19. V. aWa. 

fcOS'lil m. (taoa, /Ma, v. next w.) 1) terebinth (fruit 
and free), pistacia terebinthus (v. Sm. Ant. s. v. Tereb.). 
Targ.0.Gen.XXXV,4;a.e.— PL (Hebr., fr. fiaBia) ^laBia. 
Y. Kil. I, 27 a bot. '31 'am ^llbri nuts and 'terebinths 
combined produce pistachio. — Chald. "VOWS. B.Hash. 23 a 
'a di3i>=8 ed. (Ar. 'a tn:na!>x; .Gen. E. s. is iDT>a troibK, 
B. Bath, sob isaia, Ms. M. iaaia), v. Tfeg" fia^8l.— 
2) pistachio (tree or nut). Shebi. VII, 5 Ar. s. v. r&8 (ed. 
H3.aa); v. next \r.—Pl. ^aBia. Targ. 0. Gen. XLIII, 11 
ed.Berl. (oth. ed. a. Y. 'pBia). 

fcOOIIHl m. (b. h.nsaa; laa, yza.to be hollow, 
swell, v. Ges. H. Diet. s. v. ^aa) pistachio (nut or tree). 
Shebi. VII, 5 Ms. M. a. Y. ed. (Bab. ed. H3B3), v. preced. ; 
Tosef. ib. V, 11 Sisaia;— PI. ^Saia, ijaia. Targ. Y. (a. 
0. some ed.) Gen. XLIII, 11; v. preced. B. Bath. 80 b ; 
v. preced. 

MKfiSlII m. flaa) swollen belly, swelling. Lev. E. 
s; 18, end; Num. E. s. 7. 



njI3l3 pr. n. Batanaa, town and district east of 
the Jordan, reputed for large commercial fairs (Till). 
Y. Ab. Zar. I, 39 tl ; Gen. B. s. 47 -|3B3. Cmp. "\V& (b. h.) 






sadyij/iJiBBjv.'pbia: 



v. itti^a. 



?pB oh. (b.h.; /laorria, v.i?ia,biiS)fo rwn to cmd/Vo, 
fie agitated. Part, Tpa, f. 83iia. Gen. E. s. 87, beg. 
(expl. '31 fTvoitt Prov. VII, ll/sTMal 8in 83iia Ar. (ed. 
8HBSt»; Yalk. Prov. 940 H313, corr. ace.) she runs about 
(revelling) &o. Y. Taan.II, 65 b (ref. to Mic.VII,4) (read:) 
'31 11331 "ps^a "px. 81 IS la therefore we are now in 
trouble. And they wept &c. Euth. E. s. 3 (before I, 18) 
■pans smiia hp (read "p3H3) the sound of people rail- 
ing in excitement (on business). 

Mam v. a 5 3ia. 

JTDIlH m.(~13; v. P. Sm. I 526 sq.) l) the weaver's 
shuttle ;'2) ffte spider. Succ. 52 a ; Snh.99 b 'a blS Bin the 
thread of the shuttle [or spider-web], [Snh. 1. c. 81313, 
Mss. vary betw. 81313 a. 81313 q. v.] — [3) coal-pan, v. 
soaia.]— Cmp. "wa. 

IKS Jm2 m. (v. preced.; 1 formative, cmp. lai^n) 
the weaver's clue. Sabb. 96 b ed. a. Ar. (Ms. M. '313, Ms. 
Oxf. 1Xi;3ia, Ar. Var. 181313). 



I^DU, Y. Shek. VII, beg. 50 c , v. Qii^oia. 

fcODfa, &0&O13 m. (Syr. *6pia; 133, »>pa y'-p, 
pa to Iplit; cmp. Ges. H. Diet. s. v. 835) 1) a efefc, a 
stripped smooth pole, bar. Brub. 102 a nla8p 'a (Ar. ed. 
Koh. 833a) you speak of a club (with a handle used 
as a door-bar).— PI. 1.38313. B. Kam. 93 b it says (in the 
Mish.), 'If one robbed pieces of wood and made utensils 
out of them' '31 13H1TI '33 Ar. (ed. 'a with one 3, Ms. H. 
1383133) it means that he made them into clubs, that 
is 'he polished them'. — 2) esp. a club (with handles) used 
as a pestle for crushing olives &c. Sabb. 77 b (playful 
etymology) H3381 813 60313 (Ar. ed. Koh. 838313) it is 
called bukhana, 'come and I shall strike'. Y. Bets. I, 60° 
bot. IT'S fills 11 S133131 and concerning a club, for he 
pounds with it; Y. Sabb. XVII, 16 b top M313a3 (read 
(133133). Nidd. 36 b I am '31 sVllSI '3 an iron pestle 
which breaks the copper mortar. Bets. 14 a '13 (Ar. ed. 
Koh. '33). — Trnsf. the rib resting in the pelvis, hip-joint. 
Hull. 52 a , v. 8t1i&8. 

njDlB f; h. (preced.) the peduncle (or upper stem) 
deeply seated in the Ethrog (like the rib in the pelvis). 

,Succ. 35 b irissia, expl. db"isi. 

fcOOt&I m. (133) l)=h. liaa, first-born. Targ. Ex. 
XII, 29"; a. fr.— Hull. 44 b ; a. fr.— B. Bath. 126 b 8^36 '3 
(h. SlBllD 1133) foolish (wild) first-born, i. e. a first-born 
by his mother butnot by his father (having no privileges); 
— PI. 8*1313, T13ia. Targ. Ps. OXXXV, 8 ; a. e.— Fern. 
8H1313. Ber. 6 a '3 H3 '3 a first-born cat whose mother 
is a' first-born— [2)=h.rtisaa. JR^lMa first fruits. Targ. 
Y. I Deut. XXXIII, 14. (Targ. Y. II 8133).] 

fcnOlil II f. (v. preced.) the first, i. e. lowest layer 
in the clay dam; v. 8FQ318. B. Mets. 103 b . 

*«n?isi, rnsia. (whs* at.) ( m. P i. ?) f . 

(baccar/baccaris; (3(fot)(apt,;=&<japo.v; v. Sm. Ant. s. v. 
Asaron, Low Pfl. p. 370) baccar, an aromatic plant sup- 
posed to be hazelwort or spike-nard. Shebi. VII, 2 (Ms. 
M. 811313). Tosef. Kil. Ill, 12 1H3113 ed. Zuck. (oth. 
ed. 1111313, 1H1313). 

5131 to mix, v.Va. [Y.Snh.X,-27 d '3 nip read bia.] 

51H2II (v. preced. a. Vba) 1)' something kneaded to- 
gether, a handful, ball, lump. Sabb.-67 b ; I28 b n^a baj 'a 
a lump of salt. B. Mets. 90 a "pah lM8a '3 a handful 
(fodder) of the same species; v. infra.— PL fiipsia, dibia, 
l^ia clods, v. next w.— Gen. E. s. 13 na18 PttJ "a -a clods 
of moist ground. Num. E. s. 2 sand is thrown into the 
fire DiVlS 181S1H1 and he brings it out as lumps (of glass); 
v. b^ia.— 2) fodder. Lev. E. s. 22 (expl. dim bl3 Job XL, 
20); T Tanh. Pinh. 12. 

b^SlII (prob. fr. ^33) Bui, the biblical name for the 
eighth month (Marheshvan) ; v. "jlttJTTia. E. Hash. I, 56 d 
bot. (etym. of 313) '31 rfej!3 MtoHli) ' the leaves decay 
and the ground is cloddy; v. preced.— Tanh. Noah 11, 
the month is named but, '31 maroV p^iaiB mi the 



&* 1 'Kj ! fib ; fl, DDIilblS m. (corrupt, of p oXeoi%) 
senator. Y. Taan. IV, 69 a '31 bB3i31i* (corr. ace.) archont 
or senator; v. bB3iia.— PI. tBiaiia. Gitt. 36 b sq. (ex- 
plain. ViabVlS) h Biai "il3 bllB (prob. a Baby], corruption 
of iBiaiia iilS itpbc, PooXt) (iooXsoTaW) before the council 
of senators. lb. 37 a (as if two words) '31 '131 "iia bule 
are the rich, bute (as if fr. aB3, play on B35>) the poor 
(broken ones). 

Q"Q5*j1 m. (poXpo?, bulbus) in gen. bulbous root, 
esp. bulbus, a delicious kind of onion, or musk-hyacinth. 
—PI. ^baiia ('siia). t. Dem. H, 22 c hot. (ed. ■pbaiia, 

corr. ace.).' Ukts. HI, 2 yeai-D Var. in Ar. s. v. "pbSia 
(ed. "pbiia, fblis; Maim: a^li:* "333= SWawwm nigrum, 
r. LowPfl. p. 296 a. 393). [Gen.E. s. 41 b13iia some ed., 



rr. DWbto 



3 (in 



read: biaiia.] 

porta, oHTiibsia, 

61a . . .) m. (PouXsutt]i;, v. bBiaiia) senator, council- 
man. Gen. B. s. 76 this one is rich 6a IWiaSJ (Yalk. 
Dan. 1064 blaiia, corr. ace.) let us make him a senator 
(to ruin him, v. blBSia-ll*). Koh. B. beg. blBllia (corr. 
ace); Cant. B. beg. bIBliila.— Sifre Deut. 309 blabvia, 
blBbVKia; Yalk. ib. 942 blBbtib, corr. ace— PI. TBIliia, 
lB3iia, K^B . . ., rT»B . . . Y. Hag. II, 77 d bot. Lam.' B. 
toll, 2. Ibid. •pB'nifia'esV) ana^i, read b^ari-ia sias^i; 

v. &iBSWl«. Y. Peah 1, 16 a ■pIB'^l S-nBlliia the council 
of Sepphoris. Lev. B. s. 11 biriTiian lis (read ya....). 
Y. Sabb. XII, 13 e bot.; Y. Hor. HI, end, 48° KiiBltVia 
family heads entitled to seats in the Bule of Sepphoris. 

"ppSbin, v. oiaya. 

nanta, n^ta, v. ^ 

OBlta, v. baaiia. 
Diblil, v. bid. 

^D^b^S f. (aia, v. iia ; P. 8m. 533) crumbling, 
corrosion, 'being worm-eaten. Targ. Job XLI, 19 'a Kbip 
(read "31) worm-eaten wood. Targ. Prov. XXV, 20; 
XII, 4 Ms. (ed. Ki^aia, Pesh. 6a). 

"tHI pr. n. pi. Buli (prob. the assembly building 
of the Senate in Sepphoris, cmp. baaisQ end). Y. Shek. 
VII, 50 c bot. (Bab. ed. 6lD, oth. -wiis, N!T>ilp, ed. Just. 
'3; v. Babb. D. S. a. 1. p. 62, note 30); Y. Taan. I, 64 a 
bot. 'aT struB'M assembly (or synagogue) of B. — Y. Ab. 
Zar. Ill, 43 b bot. "31 Nais (ed. Krot.'bl) a statue (idol) 
in front of the Bule(?). 

^3 II f. (PooXvj) council, assembly, esp. senate, city 
council. Y. Peah 1, 15 c top lilt) 'a ib ^JBa in the presence 
of the whole council over which he presided; Y. Kidd. 
I, 61 1 ' top. Ib. 'a .IBB, v. biiwhaB. Y. Yoma I, 39 a top 
tilS. (corr. ace). Y. M. Kat. II, 81 b '31 'ai -pTOtn bK 
if they have mentioned (nominated) thee for the bule, 



let the Jordan be thy neighbor, i. e. hide thyself in the 
bushes near the Jordan. Ib. *aa IB&ili to be exempt 
from serving in the bule; Y. Snh. VIII, 26 b top. Gen. 
B. s. 6 brazil 'a senate and people (senatus populusque). 
Ex. B. s. 15 bite pi bWi pi (read iiia) and so did the 
people and so the senate. Gitt. 37 a , v. bBiaiia.— PI. 
niviia, J-vixiia. Y. Ned. Ill, 38 a top; Y. Shehu. Ill, 34 d 
bot. '3 1"3 twenty four city councils, i.e. cities or districts 
having their own councilmen; [Tanh.Vayikra 7; Matt. 1 
nrfis bi3i»'a];Pesik.B.s.22miit(readnii<iia). Gitt.37 a . 



DIBlta, D^ta, v. b^aaiia. 
p^ta, v. r »To. 

nta, ota, v. bya. 

OijQ^lISl m. (PouXtjxos, bulimus) 



bulimy, esp. faintness from fasting. Yoma VIII, 6 (83 a ). 
Koh. E. to VII, 11 (some ed. incorr. hi . . .); a. fr.— 
Trnsf.tvn-is ^ "^ morbid carnal appetite, sexual passion. 
Gen. B. s. 51; s. 41; a. e. 

&blil (OiblSl) m. (bia; cmp. SaXoc, SsXoO a 
shapeless mass, a glass-ball. Num. B. s. 2 b^iia WSial 
(v. iia II, some ed. b^iia). Y. Ber. I, 2 d top b^ia -pll 
(corr. aee); Gen.E.s. 12 b^ia p2SlO(read: '3 -jbli, v. Ar.) 
casts a lense; v. ^MtJ. — Pesik. Par. p. 39 b odb biiiis 
'3 T"ih3; Pesik. E. s. 14; Yalk. Num. 759 '3 'pi"» b^SX 
perspicuous (clear) as crystal; cmp. Num. B. g; 19 yVD 
STO& a. Mat. Keh. a. 1. 

!SD~l2 ch. same, esp. glass-lump, unshaped and 
prepared for casting into vessels. Sabb. 154 b Xbliaa Ar. 
(ed. Sbiiaa, read, as Bashi a. Ms. Kbiiaa, v. Babb. D. S. 
a. 1. note 1) what is meant here are glass lumps (which 
may be broken without loss).' — PL x"^bil3, fbiia crystals 
or glass vessels. Y. Kidd. I, 60 c top '3 )^H those glass 
vessels (what is the law concerning their division among 
heirs)? Ib. pSb 'poilS .... bteh (corr. ace) thou art 
known to have plenty of glass vessels. 

fp&biSl, v. fcp&Tia. 

"pO£>b"Q, Tosef. Kil. Ill, 12, v. biaiia. 

DpblD, Y. Taan. II, 66 a , v. btpib. 

NH^ia m. (follis, follera; v. next w. a. Sm. Ant. s. 
v. Senatus) follera, name of a Boman land-tax, adopted 
by the Persians. B. Kam. 1 13 b 'si JCTD1 'aa Ar. (ed. xiiai 
JU"D1 5»1X, read '31 JtiU'nS '33, Ms; M. '31 Slxiiaa, Ms. 
B.' S313K1 S«51S1»1 Klliaa, corr. ace) with reference to 
follera, annona and oharga of the ensuing year. 

" J™2 m.(cpoXXsp6v, S.) obol, a small coin. Cant. B. 
to I, 1 if one drops '3 IK sib (Ar. ed. Koh. yniia, ed. 
■pVo) a Sela or (even) a folleron. V. lii&. 

"J^lbia Gen. B. s. 8, v. ^mia. 

"TaDtObli, v. BBfflia. 

nffibia, v. fiiaia. 



re- 



yi2, 1 pr. n. m. Bun, abbrev. of "13K; name of several 
Amoraim. T. Shek. IV, end, 48 c '3 "11 113X "n. Y. Ber. 
Ill, 6 C pS some ed. (corr. ace.); a. fr.— Y. B. Hash. I, 56 c 
top, a. fr. B. B. bar Hiya.— T. Ter. VIII, 45 c , a. fr. E. B. 
bar Kahana; v. Fr. M'bo p. 67 b sq. 

TQ II to understand, v. pa. 

sJW^S pl.^a a handful, v.fcO©.— Sabb.67 a OTlaa'a, 



roiap 



i.). 



. m. Bunah, abbr. of f 
3 '3 (ed. Krot. ni^iu nr 



;. Y. Gitt. 
. marginal 



"Ol^l or "O^fi pr. n. m. Buni or Pwnai; 1) name of 
one of tbe alleged disciples of Jesus of Nazareth. Snh. 
43 a Ms. M. a. ed. Ven. (omitted in later ed., v. Graetz 
Gesch. d. Jud. in (2 d ed.) p. 243 ; Ecesch Jesusmythen 
, otherwise 
Taan. 20 a . 

fcW'fi Bunia, a bird. Hull.62 b ed. (Ar. JOS3). 

&i v. Wffl. 

vm% v. aosa. 

Dp"Q m. (b. h, dfea; d&3) /toor, perfume, spices. 
Snh. 108 a 'art mpa (Var. WDiao). place for spices, opp. 
riSliBrt dlpa.— [Tosef. Kidd. II, 4 d&13 rtBJSS, ed. Zuck., 
read d&s.] 

Dpis, ^awa, Naps, Dfein, antoto, ; to 

ch. same. Targ. Ex. XXX, 25'; a. fr.— PL paWa, i^apii'; 
'iBia, 'pa, -tea. lb. 27; 34; a. fr. 

"JQp^Q m. (preced.) aromatic fluid for sprinkling.— 
PLpiawa, constr. isawa. Num. E. s. 13 3"J '3 (some 
ed. 'la) the aromas of paradise (carried by winds). 

V. jwasa. 

IjDP^B, p3 f. (preced.) art of making perfumes, 
Targ. O.' Ex. XXX, 25; a. e. 

fcWDbia, )^U^% ^ISI m. pi. (preced. ws.) 
aromas, ointments &c. Targ. I Kings X, 10. Targ. Euth. 
IH, 3; a. e. - 

"IpIS m. (b. h. "ipa, -©a ; 1&3 II) half-ripe fruit, 
esp. grapes. Shebi IV, 8 '31 tfianffla 'art the boser from 
the time it contains liquid. Gitt. 111,8 (31 a ) n&i32 nsffla 
'33 d^art when the liquid is beginning to gather in the 
boser; (oth. opin. when it can he put in water for making 
vinegar; v. Eashi a. 1.). Pes. 53 a '31 '3 SKlrt boser indi- 
cates the same stage of ripening as gerua, v. S'nS Hif. 
Y. Maasr. I, 49 a top; Succ. 36 a "art Slinx a half-ripe 
Ethrog. Y. B. Kara. VI, 5 h bot.; a. fr. 



PI. Ijadia. Targ. II, Esth. I, 2. 



VII, 19. 



sh.same. Targ. Ps. L VHI, 1 (h.text ifi); a.e. 
i. (1031) contempt; v. XntflHa. Targ. Ezek. 



cUrDIS m. (Pers. bustan) garden, orchard. Sabb. 
30 b . T Eriib. 25 b .— PI. liMMa. B. Bath. 61 b . — Targ. II 
Esth. Ill, 8 &05PIW3 our orchards (collect.). 



Vl^P&, i 



KpFisa. 



SHUl, * l ^l- ( j/33, cmp. saa, ^3, aa) to weS, ftwrst 
/brtt, whence (of sound) to shout, rejoice. Targ. Is. XIV, 7 
(h. text rtSB). lb. LXV, 19; a. fr.— Part. f. StS^a. lb. 18 
(Var. KSia), 

NjhII f. (v. preeed.) swelling, abscess, mostly applied 
to tubercles of the lungs. PL TSia Hull. 46 b sq.; a. fr. 
V. KrOTai. 

NTO, v. next w. 

fcHSHS m. (133) forc7i, fire-signal. Targ. Is. XXX, 17 
(Var. Xlsia, v. also XrlSialll). Targ. Job XII, 5 (Var. 

"133). V. iwa. 

*^r§ ! lil I, (Ni!7l!l) f. (v. sewa) aoscess. Snh. 84 b 
'313 HrtS'iab Ar. (Var. Ar. Xni3, ed. Stins) to cut open 
an abscess. [Targ. Prov. XXIII, 29 (Var. KriSllS).— PI. 
KrWfi. lb. XX, 30 (Var. SttTSYlB).] 

SSn^QlI f. (313) bursting forth, rejoicing. Targ. 
Job XX, 5. Targ. Ps. XLIII, 4 "W3 (prob. '313). 

ItfrC^QlII f. (313) alarm-post, signal-pole. Targ. 
Is. XXX,' 17 Ar. ed. pr. (h. yv\, taken fr. ",3"l; .oth. ed. 
Ar. SWD-, Targ. ed. ISTiSia q. v.). 

yQ I (cmp. 313) fo seceM, bubble, burst forth, shine. 
Pilp. ^323. 

'pQlI m. (b. h.; v. preced.) linen, byssus. Yoma 



VII, 1 (68 b 



!•)■* 



I3IV; i 



. Targ. 



713, fc^S ch. 1) same. Targ. Esth. VIII, 1 
Gen. XLI, 42; a. e— PI. pssa. Targ. Job XVIII, 1 
Var. (ed. T^xia) Hwew garments (h. text 15a).— 2) (v. 
ySfla) «»«*. Targ. Is. XLII, 3; XLIII, 17 (Var. p213 ; h. 
text rtnil)&).— 3) swamp, v. N33. 

^TITD, Tosef. Sabb. VIT (VIII), 1 a word in a charm 
formula; v. &Oaa\ 

fcWXEl, v. wwa. 

■{TO M^S (l^in)m.(fr. r 3toshine;orig. 
a plur. of sena) l) wicks; v. XXia.' — In gen. candle, lamp, 
light. Targ/ 1 Sam. Ill, 3 ; a. e.— Cant. E. to III, 4 (expl. 

is. xxi, 5) '3 npiVii* xrroa naipx thou hast put up 
the lamp, lighted the wicks. Sabb. 30 a JOISI '3 rnaab to 
put out a lamp (Ms. M. omits KTai).— Snh. 14 a KTrt-n '3 
bright light (wise man). Gen. E. s. 85 (play on SIB), Gen. 
XXXVIII, 2, v. niSia) jnnxT '3 the light of the town 
(leader) ; a.fr.— Pt'sjJiaia. Targ. Ex. XXX, 7 sq. ; a. e — 
2) (in Bab. dialect; cmp. irsa) a young pumpkin, contrad. 
to 6t"ip the full-grown one. Ber. 48 a (prov.) mjipa '3 '3 
Sili Ar. a. Eashi (ed.rtiSopa; Ms.M. Sli rtiBa.ipa wsp, 
v. Eabb. D. S. a. 1. note) the young pumpkin is known 



rftm 



by its shaft [by what oozes out of it, mBQipa], i. e. the 
future scholar is recognized by his utterings in child- 
hood. Succ. 56 b a young pumpkin (now) is better than 
a large one (later) ; (differ, in Tosaf . a. 1.) ; a. e.— PI. K^aia, 
■>3iSia. Targ. 0. Num. XI, 5.— Ned. 66 b (a misunderstand- 
ing of WSia betw. a Babylonian husband and a Palestin- 
ean wife). Yoma 78 a '33 ")3Bsa Ms. M. (ed. Xpira) 
cooled his hands with young pumpkins. — Meg. 12 a sq. 
(prov.) '31 I1p3 lma (Var. '131 13; Sot. 10 a '=1 I'IKp ia) 
the husband between the old pumpkins, his wife between 
the young ones, i.e. a faithless husband makes a faithless 
wife.— *3) (from its shape) SCiiTm '3 the pivot (Rashi); 
the hole (socket) in the lower millstone (Ar.). Pes. 94 b 
(Var. suis). 

rrws, arpsrai, v. *% 

VfrSffr, KJjS3 m. ch. (h. isa, v. bsa) omon.-H 
Xibsia/ibXia, '33." T Targ. Num. Xl's.— Kidd. 62 a ; a.e.— 
X. Shebi. II, 34 a bot. '31 !*i1&13 '3 country onions which 
mature no seeds; Gen. R. s. 82, v. b23. *Ib. s. 95, end 
'3 nbpl peel the onions (i. e. take all we have); [the pas- 
sage seems to be corrupt; the explanation beginning with 
i& is a glossator's note].— Kidd. 62 b ; v. next w. 



62 b ; - 



n. (v. preced.) onion-like plants, leeks. Kidd. 



MS 1 © m. linen garment; pi. p3:iia, v. KXia. 

8tcra, T .ifwi.. 

n^ln, y. next ws. 

fTTXlS pr. n. pi. (b. h. h1S3, v. 123) Bozrah (Fortress), 
an Idumean town, the home of several scholars. Y. Naz. 
"VII, 56 a bot.— Denomin. 

jrnria, rnsia, narcria m . of Bozrah. 

Y, Ned. T VI, beg. T 39 c .' Cant. R. "to VII, 1. Lam. R. to 
IV, 20 hKlxa.— Fern, h. hilSia. Y. Bice. Ill, beg. 65° a 
Bozrah fig. 

&SrrKiH, v. xtwiaa. 

IKplS m. (cmp. pia«, b. h. piapa for which LXX, 
(Boxoif, pixoi;; cmp. &»13, p313) 1) a» earthen vessel, 
pitcher.— PL ipia. Ab. Zar..37 b , a. e. '31 '3 iTO ibhh Kb 
hang not empty pitchers on R. N., i. e. do not pronounce 
him the author of such an absurdity; a. fr.' — 2) (fr. its 
shape) hind leg, thigh. Hull. 42 b ; 54 ab ; v. Kara*. [Ar. s. 
v. B»5 quotes 60313.] 

iCpl3, '2 iTSl pr. n. pi. J3ett JSwfcya. Yeb. 84 a . 

"jl^plS m. (Pooxxtcuv, bucco; v. Sachs Beitr. H, 121; 
Sm. Ant. s. v. Atellanas Fabulse) bucco, the clown in the 
Atellanse Fabulae of the Romans. Ab. Zar. 18 b ; Tosef. 
ib. II, 6 'piplal '3; Y. ib. I, 40 a ynBla ynpla (corr. ace.) 
Bucco and Macchus. 

by yn, corr. wfcya (« &;^a) f. P i. (!»<*», 



PoxavY)) bucinm, horns used in the Boman camps_ to 
proclaim the watches of the day and the night. Cant. 
B.toI, 12 he appointed over them (read:) 1211251 '33 yevbp 
(v.Yalk. Cant. 983) criers with bucinae and Shofar. Lev. 
B. s. 29; Pesik.Bahod.p.l52 a ; Yalk.Lev. 645; Num.782; 
Ps. 840 (corr. ace). [Midr. Till, to Ps. LXXX1, 4 dUi pBO, 
read pMiBbbl '3 rVDIp.] 



a&bpm, n&bpm, v. wbpa. 

Ipl'S, v. ipa. 



NilplS, v. Khpa 






1*3 1.( yna, v. hh2) to be empty, waste, uncultivated. 
Y. Dem.VI,25 b top i"N lian Kb© in order that Palestine 
should not lie waste. Ib. '31 bxi 111311; (read as) Y. Ab. 
Zar. I, end, 40 b 11131 let them rather lie waste than rent 
them to a gentile.— Part. 13, hia a. h112. B. Mets. 101 a 
1113 h13 XhhlB in order that the field may rather lie 
waste in his own possession; cmp. Y. 1. c. [Bashi fr. 
113 to be clear and firm in his possession, by buying it 
•back from the gentile. B. Han., in Tosaf. a. 1, hlis, 
lying waste in the gentile's possession; v. Babb. D. S. 
a. 1. note. 90.] B. Bath. 168 a h1133 ["TBK1] K311S Kb (v. 
Babb. D. S. a. 1. note) it means to say that even in the 
case of an unbroken field being rented, the tenant has 
to pay the scribe's fees; Bashi: even if the field will 
have to lie fallow for some time to come yet. [Cmp. 
part. fern. hbih fr. bin.] . 

Hif. TOr/a. Win (fr. 13i, or last) to let lie waste; to 
neglect. Arakh. IX, 1 (29 b ) hliah ('in) if he let it untilled. 
Ex. B. s. 27, end rmaih. B. Mets. IX, 3 'in (Y. ed. 'ah). 
Gen. B. s. 82 T^aa Oliaia; Koh. R. to IV, 6 l,1^aa Pi.). 

Pi. 1i*2 1) same. Koh. R. 1. c, v. supra. Ex. B.' s. 32 
(play on HUB in -jhUDK Jer. Ill, 19) tfiia2S> DRI^a ye 
neglected yourselves (mentally).— *2) (denom. of 113 II 
or 1ia) to prepare a pitfall, to entrap. Lev. R. s. 19; v. 
nwa 2). 

"113, T3 ch. as preced. Kal. Targ.O.Gen. XL VII, 19. 
—Part, 1113.' Taan. 6 b '31 11113 Kb the halls (academies) 
are not empty (oth. expl.: the gardens do not lie w|iste). 
Lev. R. s. 1, beg. he sees '31 hliia hibph (Var. Kina) 
his field waste (in the Sabbath year) &c. 

Af. 1131N as preced. Hit— B. Mets. IX, 3; Ib. 104 b ij* 
hb K313la if I should let it lie waste. 

*lthpe. law* to become empty (stupid). Targ. Jer.X, 14 
(h. text TSaiy 

ll3ll m. ch. (cmp. Iial) 1) something waste, wild- 
growing, whence weed, brier. Targ. Is. VII, 23 ; a. e. 
(always with iK31h q. v.; h. text hUtJl lia©).— 2) (adj.) 
coarse, indigestible. PI. plia. Koh. R. to I, 18 the one 
ate '3 pba coarse food. 

"1113 to choose, v. 113. 

l!3 Im. (v. 1131) uncultivated, an uncultured person, 
mannerless, ruffian. Aboth. II, 5; a.fr. — Mikv. IX, 6 bffl 
113, v. &1K33 — PI. dilia. Num. R. s. 3, beg. 



"IIS II m. (rarely fern.) (b. h.; v. 1131 a. 183) 1) pit, 
cistern, often=1X3. Erub. II, 4 contrad. to 1X3, v.ib. 18 a 
nun ma ixa . . .' vwoa '3.— B. Bath. 64 a 'nii&ro '3 
5or means a pit or well gained by mere digging (without 
masonry), v. nil. B. Kam. T, 5 (50 b ), a. fr. J-llSal HUB '3 
a narrow pit (about ten hand-breadths deep), a lengthy 
ditch, and a spacious cavity.. Y. Sot. II, 18 a , v. 1XS. 
B. Kam. 6 a fiiain 'a the word 5or proves. Taan. 8 a , v. 
flllslri. — Trnsf. obstacle, danger (v. Ex. XXI, 33 sq.). B. 
Kam. 6 a ^fajrvah '3 a moving danger (e. g. a rolling 
stone). — M-Wl '3, v. h1i&.— Vmsi '3 the Large Well, 
S-lVftn '3 the Pilgrims' Well, names of cisterns in the 
Temple premises. jErub. X, 14; Midd. V, 4.— riiiSO '3 
rvniSbabx the tank of sweet water in Alexandrian mer- 
chantmen. Ohol. VIII, 1 ; Sabb. 35 a ; a. e — [lb. 77^ '3 
Xp3H, v. XpSinia.]— 2) a receptacle for oil or. wine in 
the press. Maasr. IT, 1 "pp '33 like an oil tank on a 
small scale. Ab. Zar. IV, 8 / sb 11HS5 IS until the wine 
comes into the tank.— PL nilis. B. Bath. 17 b ; a. fr.— 
Brub. 104 b Mlpri '3, v. IjSrj— [Y. Snh. I, 19 a bot. 13 X . 
"pl31=-|X1131 I and thy Creator.] 

NH"Q m. (b. h. Xia; X13) Creator. Ab. IV, 22; a.fr. 
Y. Snh. I, 19 a bot., v. preced. 

fctTfil m. ch.=h. 1131. Targ. Prov. XII, 1; XXX, 2 
(h. text IS!?). — PI. [1113. lb. XXII, 3 Ms. a. ed. Ven. 
prob. a gloss for 113451.] X*113. Lev. B. s. 18, beg. (opp. 
K113I-I). 

StfHllH II m. (doubtful): 1) little cavity, hole. Sabb. 
103 a Xlpl ^ Ar. (ed. Koh. Kliai, ed. Xlpa q. v.).— 
2) female's pudenda. lb. 140 b Rashi,Var.(prob.cler. error; 
ed. X113), v. Klla. 



ybma, v. 



i^>3113. 



ym (i§"}ia), om m . ( ™p T !ov, ^0, 

buigusj £t#Ze turret, isolated place of residence, often 
used as a station for travellers (castellum; v. Sm. Ant. s. 
v. Mansio). Lev. B. s. 7 '31 '3b SiJil he arrived at the 
first station &c. ; Pesik. Eth. Korb. p. 61 a Ar. (ed. ^33113, 
Yalk. Lev. 479, end ")M 113, corr. ace.).. Midr. Till, to Ps. 
X, l.—Pl. trails, "piSllS. Y.Meg.IV,75 c bot. '33 11H he 
who takes lodging in &c. (contrad. to ip131S). — Y. Brub. 
V, 22 b bot. '31 nlisa i"S on account of a connected Sabbath 
line bymeansofundergroundwalks and of turrets ; (Tosef. 
ib.VI(V), 8 rYlVtta)'. Erub. 21 a b333'3 ^X the law as to 
stations in the neighborhood of towns eventually counted 
as outskirts for measuring Sabbath limits, cannot be 
applied to Babylon &c. lb. 55 b 'pin3115 '3ST1 Ms. M. (ed. 
roiH3tt5) and the station houses in the fields (containing 
provision and lodging rooms). Maasr. Ill, 7, v. niQplsX. 
Mekh. Yith.Bahod. 1 '31 paSTOrl nxi •p&3113n nx .../lirl 
(read 'pialian ilXl) ye are now forced to keep in repair 
the large and small stations for those going to the royal 
vineyards (prob. to be read ffOIS fortresses). — Lev. B. 
s. 37; Brub. 64 b ; Y. Ab. Zar. I, 40 a bot. Cp113, corr. 
ace); Tosef. Pes. I (II), 27 13X '3 hw (iV^Sl) hHUSa I am 



one of those station guards. Lam. B. to I, 4 it does not 
read (the roads are in mourning) ■paibia i^3a '3 il>3a 
(Ar. 'jiBlita, read 'pB&ifea) because they are not guarded 
with turrets and catapults. [Midr. Till. 1. c. •jSliart, v. 
i?aiia.] 

yUrm, v. preced. 

']3"1 ! 13> v. 11J113 a. next art. 

tl^^yiH, v. next w. 

"O^TIliil m. (denom. of - ( i3113) keeper or resident of 
a station house. Midr. Till, to Ps. X, 1 when it grew 
dark, 13113H *b S3 (read 13 . . . .) the burgani came to 
him. lb. "an ^28 . . . . Ilfi he turned back and came to the 
burgani. Y. Ab. Zar. IV, 43 d 1133113 S-P33 xnx ed. Krot. 
(oth. ed. H133113, read 133113 or 113113) a station guards- 
man (burgarius) came to him. 

iTUJrnD, v. preced. 

"" liHlB m. (burgarius) castle-guard, station soldier. 
Gen. B. s. 36 ; v. next w.— V. preced. 

D ; l~l5~l ! !2 f. (denom. of preced.) station. Gen.R. s.36 
Noah is X called 'a man of the ground' (Gen. IX, 20) 13113 
O bfflb as the burgarius is called by the name of the 
castle; (Yalk. Gen. 61 nini3113, Ar. tir his station). 

Tir\^yi3,, ^SlplS pr. n. pi. Burgatha, Barkatha, 
a Galilean place north of Samaria; v.Neub. Geogr. p. 173. 
Y. Ab. Zar. V, 44 d ; Bab. ib. 31 a 'p13. 

' ^p" 1 ^"!^ m. (Parthicus, Llapdixoi;) scarlet-colored 
(sub. pellis, 8sp[j.a) leather, scarlet-dyed dress. Y. Keth. 
XII, 35 a top '31 '3 I311i5i3bx dress me in scarlet (which 
is) neither white nor dark; Y. Kil. IX, 32 b top 8pi1Hi3; 
Gen. E. s. 96 Xpi131 &1S133; ib. s. 100 !lpi131 pxa. 
Yalk. Job 924 Xlp113 (for which Sabb. 114 a "jilbljxn i13a). 
Cmp. "|il^1K a. xraisifi. 

yrrra, "Kpn-rD p es . 4 », v . ^ m 

IS 5'T1 ! Q, fcO n Tl!ll m - (a corrupt, of flagellum, cmp. 
VsiS; late Lat. burdillus; cmp. late Greek (BoopSooXiiUtv, 
Sachs Beitr. II, 88 note) club, whip— PL T^lia blows, 
lashes. Pesik. B'shall. p. 81 b ; Yalk. Ex. 225 IHlblia 
(corr. ace. ; Mekh. B'shall. 1 ni3a).— K^iflia. Mum. B. 
s. 13 '31 XiBlli) FVan she beheld the rods and whips. 

DTl'fi m. (comp. of 113 a. ni) [well of blood,] 
dysentery, bloody flux. Ned, 4i b piiara ^Xl "|iip3a "ps '3 

10115 (Ar. mix 6113) we must not visit (one afflicted 

with) burdam, ljor mention its(real)name. [Rashi quotes 
a vers. t>1113.] 

D (TO, v. preced. 

"jwiia, v. ?t? ii3. 

^pllln Pes. 40 b , v. 13313X. 



nil3 f. fallow ground, v. -foal. 

nniB f. (1131) emptiness, senselessness— '3 113I un- 
meaning things, nonsense. Nidd. 69 b ; 70 b . 

Nj^HH'fi m. (a comp. of 113 a. Spl^t, v. pSl) a 
leaping we'll, i. e. a well which springs forth periodically 
to disappear again (v. Is. LVHI, 11). Sabb. 77 b ed. in 
two words (oorr. ace; cmp. 61113; Ms. M. Mp*«t 113, corr. 
ace.), phonetic etymol. ip3 111 113 this well is empty. 
[Syr. Xpil 13 ocrea, XpJil 113 iiam, P.Sm. 586 sq., Nold. 
Mand. Gr. p. 20 (cmp. fliliS, 1^3112) have nothing to do 
with our w.] 

*S^t3"l ! l3-m.(aoorrapt.ofverutum 1 pTipuTTa,S.)sjBi<. 
Sabb. T 146* '33 . . . TOTo> to break open a barrel (of 
dates) by jamming a spit between the splices (Ms M. 
'il311p, Alf. ed. Cost. XrYnia). Snh. 27 b top '31 xnp the 
handle of a burtya. 

"HiS f., pi. nisiia, niniia (1131) frees wfcicA fail to 
thrive after transplantation. B. Bath. 95 a ItBS I^S b3pa 
fliKab '3 Ms. H. a. Ar. (ed. mnil3, nviia, Ms. M. niKOB 
ttKOb corr. ace.) the owner must be prepared for ten 
failures out of one hundred trees planted (and has no 
claim on the contractor). 

"Hi3, "H3 m. (v. 113) 1) strength, health, normal 
condition. Y. r- Gitt. VII, 48 c bot. Villa "IPa pnniBJ lost 
his speech while in his normal health (suddenly), opp. 
Vim ViMa. Y. Nidd. I, 49 b ; Y. Keth. V, 30 a bot. 1B11& 
11113 (iiia) "jlria the child ceased to suck while in normal 
health. 'Mekh. Mishp. N'zikin. 6; Y. Keth. IV, 28 c top 
(expl. inSSlBO bs Ex. XXI, 19 'on his own support') bs 
11113 restored to his former health. Mekh. I.e. 13 V13 to. 
— 2) cmp. liBS) certainty, evidence, assertion. Y. Sot. 
I, 16 d -H113 b» ilaS stand by thy assertion (be not in- 
timidated). Gen. B. s. 70 V113. bs lniN -pTOSa they 
establish it (the law) on its strength, i. e. arrive at a 
final decision. 



anfi I eh. s; 



. Targ. O. Ex. XXI, 1 



ate, 



*&OT]3lI f. (v. I21;=h. rfjsin, rtena) reed-matt- 
ing used for partitions, coverings &c. [Var. fcOlia, against 
Syr. N1113 a. best Mss., v. 13 III.] Succ. 20 b ; aa ",i=3&a 
Ms. M. 2 (ed. a. Ar. with 1, Ms. M. 1 '33) you may cover 
the festive, booth with matting. Bekh. 8 b . B. Mets. 67 b 
XH13X1 ilatl ed. (Ms. M. '1113 tel, v. Babb. D. S. a. 1. 
note) dates spread on mattings. Eruh. 8 a an alley. "p13 
'3 (with 1, ed., Ms. M. with 1) surrounded by a partition 
of matting.— lb. 102 a '31 '3 *jl13 W go and fold the matt- 
ing up (for the night), but leave a handbreadth of it 
spread.— PL NS1111S. Succ. 1. c. Ms. M. xnillS a. KST113 



(Ms. M. 2 



mia). 



tf^in, fcTTfi Creator, v. «i12. 

p^i3, v. pia. 

rP")l3 f. (b. h. rvna, contr. of mis 



a sort of soap, lixivium, Nidd. IX, 6. Sabh. IX, 5. lb. 
90 a ; Nidd. 62 a , v. br]X, siilN, Kill? II a. Xni123. Kerith.6 a 
riVUBID 'a a borith won out of a leek. 

rni3, v. ^ 

Tf)% v . ^a, 

XiRlS, 5$n3""fl3 f. (v. -pa) something hollow, ab- 
surdity; cmp. 113 L Keth. 63 b ; Hull. 88 b ; Shebu. 12 b 
'3 Xil this is entirely unfounded (or absurd). fVTOlia ixo 

(Xtl ) wherein does its absurdity (or hollowness) consist? 

— [K3113 knee, shoot, v. K313.]. 

"l^^DIID, Tosef. Kil. Ill, 12 ed. Zuck., v. 5C1313. 

"p^nia, v. nisi?. ' 

Vbyfc, v. >6iia. 

5<b~l13 B. Earn. 113 b Var., v. KlVia. 

■piinn, v. ^1113. 

• sSZDH^Zl m. (Q13=d1S, cmp. P. Sm. I, 616) a wedge. 
Lam. B..' to III, 12, v. X&ilQSX. 

)Jl 3, v. r-a. . 

"^"lISl (1513) f. (A iBopvU, sub. vao.4) Liburnian (ship), 
a light fast-sailing vessel. Targ. Is. XXXIII, 21 ; Yoma 
77 b (citation of Targ. 1. c). E. Hash. 23 a . B. Mets. 80 b 
'31 '3b yro '5 an addition of three Jchor is a culpable over- 
load for a large lihurna. [Y. Kidd. I, 61 a bot. rYrtlla, v. 
fiia.] [Targ. Y. Gen. XXXVI, 2 SttVnjIia some ed., v. 
Sti.113.] 

"O^fQlI pr. n. pi. Burnt, a place near Lydda. 
Snh.' 32 b . 



T5T 3 ' v - 



[Y. Ab. Zar. I, 40 a bot., 



*f"'^"l ; l3, '3 "1HD pr. n. N'har (canal of) Burnits, 
in Babylon. M. Kat. 4 b ed. (Ms. M. VOillia or pWVn; 
oth. var., v. Babb. D. S. a. 1. note). 

nTJJD~n3, Cant. B. to II, 2, read 111111510113, v. 
NliaiXlQilB. 

NTplaDTQ, Lam. E. to I, 5 Var., v. WVWHS. 

* i lT) ; ]3II (^tTQ) m. (j3opaeo<;) tanner. Kidd. 82 a 
(Ar. 1013, ed.ip0113 q. v.) read: '31 yii* '3!ll ^arfl 21511 
(v. Tosef. ib. V, 14; Kes. Mish. to Maim. M'lachim I, 6). 
Keth. 77 a blU '3 a tanner on a large scale, ',TJp '3 on 
a small scale (who collects the excrements himself). 
Tosef. Kidd. II, 2; 4 ip0113 ed. Zuck. (Var. 1&113). Pes. 
65 a ; Kidd. 82 b ; a. fr.— PI. 011&113. Slice. 51 b Ms. M. (ed. 
ClilOlB). . 

"©HIS II pr. pi. Bursi, prob. identical with tp&lia 
q. v.* Kidd. 72 a . 



*yiwa n 



jv) tannery. T. Sabb. V, 7 b 
;c.) hide from the tannery. 



5 ]" , &"}l3. (^bblS) pr. n. pi. (BopaiTnta) Borsif, 
a city near the site of Babylon, frequently identified with. 
Babel. Snh. 109 a (phonetic etymol.) nS12J 113 Ar. (ed. 
^asffl, Var. K^ato; Talk. Gen. 62 11&123, Var. IBS, v. Eabb. 
D. S. a. 1. note 5, a. Schr. KAT. p. 124; p. 278 sq.) 
an empty pit. Sabb. 36 a . Gen. B. s. 38 (calling it Bolsif, 
by play on n&O V?i, Gen. XI, 9). Ab. Zar. ll b 133 ma 
1&1133 ed.(Ms.M. ytrTnattJ 133 Tf% corr. ace.) the temple 
of Nebo in Bors. (v. Babb.J}. 8. a.l. note). Kidd. 72 a niB 
■<&1131 the Euphrates land near B.— Toma 10 a m& 11 nbs 
SpbllSI. 

^iPP"}^ f - (pupCTixri sub. texvt)) 1) $e tanning pro- 
cess, tannery, [fr.(='3 bsa) the tanner; v. ibisfi]. Sabb. 
I, 2 O^ &6l nor must one enter the tannery (to look 
after the process, shortly before Sabbath). lb. 9 b n?nnil 
'3 the beginning of the tanner's work. lb. rfcTO '3 a 
tannery on a large scale; v. ^3113. B. Bath. 21 b '3 IxVl 
nor to put up a tanner's workshop ; a. fr. — 2) Bursilte, 
a suburb of Tiberias. Cant. E. to I, 4. 

XT1B, v. veer*. 

^"Hil morning star, v. pia. T. Toma III, 1 Mish.; 
40 b ; T. E. Hash. II, beg. 57 a . V. ikplS.. 

^"lISlI, ^^"lia'pr. n. m. Bor'kay, an Amora. 
T. Kidd. ni, 63 d bo't.; a. e. Koh, E. to IX, 9; Talk. ib. 

979 ispis. 

fcOpTD, Talk. Job 924, v. KpTllS. 



!"[Tm"D, read KlTttp. 

flTTfQ, Targ. Job XV, 33 s 

f. SIMS. 



e ed., read ST^bia, 



0"fi (b. h.; j/Va, v. fifiS); (as adj.) m. confounded, 
abashed, ashamed. Zeb.l01 a/ 3l 12513 i6l miri he confessed 
and was not ashamed so as to say, 'I have not learned 
it', but he said &c; ib. b (v. Eabb. D. S. a. 1.).— Hag. 22 b 
i31liiS= b '3!*tt513; Tosef. Ohol.V, 11 "WtSSa. Kidd. 81 b iril23ia 
she is too bashful to &c. Keth. YIII,' 1 ^12)13 1SN we are 
confounded (to find a reason) ; a. fr.— trtB 11)13 (not rHD13) 
bashful, chaste. Aboth V, 20. 

Pi. B3i*S to put to shame, insult, disgrace. B. Kam. 
VIII, 1 'ilUTi HN li3i?3an he who exposes a sleeping person 
to shame. Ib. '31 p^til he injured and exposed (a person 
at the same time). Ib. lipisnohl Onil i&b ban all (the 
fine) according to the social position of the insulter and 
of the insulted. Succ. 53 a happy our youth '31 ,112^3 a6tt) 
which casts no reflection on our old age; a. fr. 

*Hif. UJiairi (cmp.1i3ifi fr.113) to trouble, spoil. Tosef. 
B. Kam. V, 12 ed. Zuck. (Var. W*iOn, v. tli!*3, as Mish. 
V, 3). ' ' 

Hithpa. a. Nithpa. la^anfi, avians to be put to shame, 
be exposed, insulted; to be bashful. B, Kam. I.e. Ned.20 a . 



Num. E. s. 15 'paBi-Jl 'anfi he felt ashamed (to offer the 
king common accommodations) and hid &c. Ib. ■'tllB^afO ; 
a. fr. 

J1I25151 f. (b. h. ; preced.) shame. B. Bath. 75 a fib iix 
'3 nm& Oh, for that shame! Zeb. 113 a . T. Shebu.VII, 
38 a top '3f1 "OBo in order that they should be ashamed 
of each other (to swear falsely). T. Ned. V, 39 b ii&o 
'ain in order to make reparation for putting his neighbor 
to shame; a. fr. 

'3(u*3 a word in a charm formula, supposed to 
mean night; v. 131B1X. Sabb. 67 b (Ms. M. ipfflia). 

JOI^S f. 0>iDS) 1) warm and moist (of a fresh stripped 
hide). T Sabb. 79 a '133 tjriri Ar. (ed. 1-6112)^33, early ed. 
ribll)133, v. Eabb. D. S. a. 1. note) there a fresh hide is 
meant (not dry enough for the first process of tanning). — 
2) PI. "^123ia ripened fruits. Ber. 40 b noraia '3 Ar. (ed. 
fctlaa) figs ripened by shrinking (placed in the ground, 
Ar., overripe through exposure to the sun ; Eashi). 

"inn, v. sub. ^Qi3. 

nSJiS, nHJ3. f. (b. h.; 12313) (freq. with ffns) shame, 
insult'; bashfulness, chastity. Ber. 32 a ; a. fr.— Keth. 67 b 
'31 ^12) SFll23i3 the shame of a woman (in remaining single). 
— Trnsf. (sub. lal) indemnity for exposure. B. Kam. 
VHI, 1 sq. Ib. 85 b '31 rV*b .pll O an indictable insult 
(without physical injury) is (e.g.) spitting in one's face. 
T.Teb. VI, 7 b , a. fr. -art ma pudenda. Lev. E.s. 14 dlpoa 
SB12J3 near her pudenda. 

' m, v. ma. ' ' 

*&&< 1 3riiH, D^XfiiK?) pr. n. m. a. pi. Bothneas, 
founder of Sidon. Targ'. IChr. 1,13 (Var. bSWD). Targ. 
T. Gen. X, 19 (b-nSWD, h. text pTS). 

^rria, n^nia, v^rrfr, "pnti, *^2_na 

pr. n.=h. ^llia Bashan, country East of the Jordan; cmp. 
ri3Bl3. Targ.T. IIDeut. XXXII, 14. Ib.la.il, XXXHI, 22. 
Targ. Ps. LXVIII, 23 (some ed. '3).— T. Maasr. IV, 51 b 
bot. 'parva T. Maas. Sh. IV, beg. 54 d 'STD (corr. ace). 
T. Peah I, 16 a (read:) ">N3r>ia, v. JKrVUh.— V. isna. 

N"im2, Targ. Job XV, 33 Sfnnia Ms. a. Eegia, read 

rnio'o, v. Kiwa. 
13, v. na, »a. 

utta i, n, v. >>» i, ii oh. 

W2, v. «fo. 

"WS m. pi. (v. sjia, KStTS) clefts, breaches. Snh. 95 a 
'3 lis'iaV pB3 (Var. 1312&, 'v. Eabb. D. S. a. 1. note) he 
went out to fill up breaches, v. 13b. [Oth. opin. '3 13123 
name of a place; Talk. Sam, 155 '3 IBS, ed. Salon. 13123 
'3, v. Eabb. l.o.]. 



J^^St'3, m. (in) plunder, spoil, ill-gotten goods.— PL 
KJISata. ' Cant. B. to VII, 7 (expl. -|mitas Dan. V, 17) 
'31 Tp.tiaia thy ill-gotten goods ; you are plunderers, sons 
of &o. 

ISIS (Pilp. of 13, v. K13II, a. b. h. SJ3 in H. Diet.) 

1) to divide, distribute. Tosef. Meg. IV (III), 21 aist pK 
ia2Sl= l^m 1313a (v. ed. Zuck. Var.) one who distributes 
(honors) must'take none to himself.- B. Bath. 142 a a con- 
vert died '31 113131 and Israelites divided his property 
among themselves (he having left no legitimate heirs). — 

2) to give away liberally, to give charity on a large scale. 
Keth. 50 a '31 lata 1 ; ^X taiaan he who wants to be liberal, 
must not give away more than &e. lb. 113131 13113 map 
'minors' 'wrote' and 'gave away' (ref. to the order of 
three traditions concerning minors, transfer of property 
and charity, related ib. 49 b sq.). B. Bath. ll a '31 1313B 
who gave away to charities his own and his father's 
treasures; a. fr. — 3) to spend unnecessarily, squander. 
Gen. B. s. 80. [4) to divide spoils, to plunder, v. lla, 

xiiata &c] 

1213 ch. same; 1) to shatter. Esth.B. to I, 10; v. lia 
ch. — 2) to give away, to squander. Targ. Koh. Ill, 22 Xab 
'31 '3a fcOK why should I waste money in doing charity? 
—Keth. 67 b '31 rfnata he gave away (on charity) half 
of &c. T. Sot. Ill, 19 a , a. e. '31 iltataa niltt was squander- 
ing the estate.— 3) (v. Ma) to treat lightly. Y. Ter. XI, 48 b ; 
Y. Sabb. II, 4 d top (read:) [rVTPaa] XfflaiD pin la aVoi 
SWIpm Stataa and all this discussion arose from that 
servant [in B. Ammi's house] dealing lightly with sacred 
property. 



vm, v 



). II, 4 d top, v. I 



JT5SQ, rP^fa m. pi. [breakers], name of mes- 
sengers from Sodom [orEdom] ; a word in a charm formula. 
Sabb. 67 a (ed. !T>13 13, v. Babb. D. S. a. 1.). 



7 a a word in a formula of incantation ; 



' WOP, v. next w. 

£02111 m. (Pers. bazwan, bazban, Perl. Et. St. 
p. 117 J collector of bridge toll. B. Bath. 167 a Ar. (ed. 
'1313; Ms. M. SOTTO; for oth. var. v; Babb. D. S. a. 1. 
note). 

&W0 m. (313, cmp. fcOna) that which is divided off, 
whence sheaf, bundle. Huil. 52 a straw '3 msi (Ar. ed. 
Koh. "pa) made into bunches. 

^rPJD Y. Kidd. I, 60 b top (ed. Krot. &tmil3), v. 

nm,v.^a. 

Ill2 m. (113) robber, plunderer. PI. tntita. Gen. B. 
s. 1 'a^UJ nam a nation of robbers. 



NVlia ch. same. Targ. Prov. XXVII, 19.— PI. ptit3, 
i.nia, T X^rita. Targ. Ps. XXV, 3. Ib. CXIX, 158; a. e.— 
Snh. 94 a (ref. to '31 1531 Is. XXIV, 16) '31 '3 TIKI IS 
until the robbers (of the Holy Land) shall have come and 
those that shall rob it from its robbers. Keth. 112 b .— 
Lam. B. introd. (B. Yits. 1) '3a aab Mil I" 1 !* (some ed. 
DWiaa, corr. ace.) what an affliction has come to us from 
the plunderers; v. Xilia. 

^1112, T2 m. (113) robbery, plunder. Targ. Is. 
XXIV, 16. 

^rPliD (&*rP3"il2) f. (v. atitaj plunderer. Targ. 
Ps. OXXXVII, 8 (Ms.' '5113; h. text HWB !). [Targ. Job 

xv, 21 itwita, Titiia, 'nifta, read xtita'.] 

S^rillD, v. preced. 

2^2, v. Sim. 

112 (b. h.; Y^ to divide, cmp. Stall, Sia, iaia, SS3) 
to distribute, to make spoil. Y. Mace. II, 31 d bot. STTI 
1113 made booty.— Part. pass, ilia, f. flllia robbed, illeg- 
itimately conquered. Gen.B.s. 1 dDTO Kiii '3 it is robbery 
what ye possess (ye have no title). 

512 1 ch. (ta) same. Targ. Hos. VII, 9; X, 2; a. fr.— 
Bsth.'B. to I, 10, v. 113. Cant. B. to VII, 7 (prov.) take • 
presents from ah heir T.'b p-131 ]n &6l but not from one 
for whom they make spoil (king). 

Pa. fta same. *Num.E. s. 12 '31 P13 X1H1 he robs (the 
youths of) the noon-day lessons (transl. llliT Ps. XCI, 6) ; 



to be plundered. Targ. Is. XXIV, 1 
-Ib.16 pnpa= 



Af. rai* to ca 
raa (Var. raa). 

Ithpe. t^tansst to be robbed. Ib. 

■pinna. 

*1VZLII to be shy, v. 113. 

tfffllD, Targ. Job XV, 21, v. SWtita. 

&W112, Targ. Ps. CXXXVII, 3, v. Spta 2). 

^D, HIS (b.h.; yxito tread, v. 113) to tread upon, 
whence to despise, spurn, degrade. Ab. d'B. Nath. ch. 
XXIX '31 linn ni* ntian he who spurns his neighbor 
(rebuking him) for a sacred cause. Ib.^aasa plia )ft they 
make themselves contemptible (neglecting their appear- 
ance). Part. pass. ^113, f. !T;1ia. Y. Sot.V, end, 20 d nnifllU 
'3 1HX135 his prophetic gift was degraded (by him). Buth. 
B. to I, 1 111313 'a H1TV11 ia he who becomes contemptible 
through his own words (in not practicing what he teaches). 
Cant. B. to VI, 5 '3 11 IS Ha as the goat is despised -[3 
'31 p^lia so were the Israelites made despicable atShittim 
(through debauchery); a. fr. 

Pi. nra, ilia same. Ab. d'B. Nath. 1. c. Y. Sot. 1. c. 
he (Isaac) is called Buzi, '31 hX "OB) because he made all 
idolatrous temples appear contemptible (by his willingness 
to be sacrificed to the Lord). Gen. B. s. 30 (play on 113 
Job XII, 5) Vbv &ijaa TS1U5 they sneered at him. Snh. 65 b 



»»)?if& 



itwa thou hast insulted him. Abothlll, 11 'SI nx hnafi 
he who disregards the festive weeks (treating them as 
week days) ; a. fr — Part Pu. njGa, pi. fXOa. Ah. Zar. 
Ill, 3 '3aPl common vessels, opp. 'paiaa ornamental; 
Tosef. it. V (TI), 1 y**sa ed. Zuok. (Var. '3a); Y. ib. 
IH, 42 d ; a. e. 

Hithpa. njanr to be despised, humbled, exposed. Y. 
Taan. II, beg. 65 a you cannot compare "'31 la25>a i"Wanan 
one who humbles himself to one who is humbled by 
others. Keth. 97 b . Buth. E. to I, 1 '31 yyana m ■WW 
when are the words of the Law despised by the people 1 
When the scholars make them contemptible (through 
their conduct); a. fr. 

"'TSl, ItfDl ch. same. Targ. Prov. XIII, 13; a. fr.— 
Targ. Y. Lev.' XVIII, 8 sq. (interchanging with Pa.) inn &6 
not expose. Y. Hag. II, 77 d hot. '31 itain xb despise not 
the children of thy Master (thy fellow-creatures).. — Part, 
pass, ija, f. rVJta. Targ. Y. II Gen. XVI, 5. 

Pa. 1*3 same. Targ. Cant. VIII, 1 ; a. fr.— Gen. E. 
s. 63 '31 "jWain tib never despise, v. lii^lS. Meg. 25 b if 
one is ill-reputed ^"ffil te"isa niil-tab rnb i-ffiJ you are 
permitted to show him your contempt with Gimmel and 
Shin (v. comment.). 

, Ithpa. iram, !%>e. itanix, contr. itaitf fo 5e despised. 
Targ. Y. I, Gen. XVII, 5 ilpil* nrVl (read iiarmi).— 
Keth. 97 b ^tanim that she (his wife) should be exposed 
to publicity in court. Ib. ilia^l that they (his heirs) 
should &c. 

"'H, t&Yll II (=5>ta q. v.) to break, divide. Part. pass. - 
Pes."lio a JK^lb &6lpn ed. (Ms.M.2 "pta iVlpilpl., v.Eashi 
a. 1. a. Eabi>. I). S.'a. 1. note) a broken basket.— *Num. E. 
s. 12 '31 Kta film for he breaks into (compels to interrupt) 
the lessons of the day (as a ref. to Sop, y. Its). 

Pa. ija fo dwwfe, cftam#e <#. B. Bath. 37 a ' iil-ta i«1 
Ms. M. (ed. iffftta iTtOI, read with Eashi nita i&WSI or 
iXl-13 ; v. Eabb. D. S. a. 1. note) he divided the usufruct 
of each year betw. the trees of each division of the 
orchard (so as to have actually been in undisturbed pos- 
session of the entire orchard for three consecutive years. 

*Jthpe. "flan* to be divided, cut apart. Targ. Job X, 1 
rVWDHS Ms. Var. (ed. Vien. man!*, Ms. niltthS; h. text 
STOpi). 

n», v. rot?. 

ITQ, ^2, m. (b. h.; fit a) contempt, disgrace. Y. 
Ab.Zar.'lII, T 42 a '3 )rtj 131 a common vessel (v. ilia Part. 
Pu.). Y. Sabb. XI, 13 a top, a. fr. "3 'a Sfii to treat dis- 
respectfully. Y. Hag. II, 78 a top '33 1»35> Sfii conducted 
himself disgracefully. Snh. 47 a ; a. fr. 

$21% fctiTirS ch. same. Snh. 46 b DIM mop 
'3 is burial required in order to prevent disgrace (to the 
dead and his relatives)? Ib. S>3 i6 Klfi '3 dllBa J*"!* 
'31 (Ms. M. ba . . tfti 13 . . .) if you. say, burial is re- 



quired in order to prevent disgrace, he has no such power 
(as to prohibit it by his last will). Ib. 45 a [read:] PTOHO 
'SVSpS ttSW (the prevention of) disgrace stands to man 
higher than bodily ease (absence of pain), i. e. one would 
rather suffer protracted agony than exposure ; (Var. lect. 
v. Eabb. D. S. a. 1. note 8); Sot. 8 b . 

vqvul *qwn, vcv] % w^} ^m. ( i? 

a. soft; 'v. yitll a. KJiitll) place or means of detention, 
whence l)prison. Ber.56 a Ms.,v.iiii'Ta. Erub.ll b X33K tip 
SOi^t m Ar. (in ed. last two words omitted) placed him- 
self at the prison gate. — PI. W^a. Sabb. 32 a (prov.) at 
the gate of shops (you have) many friends . . ., '31 "2 aax 
(Ms. Oxf. '3 lax) at the prison gate— no friends &c. — 
2) (pi. as a sing, noun) lock, clasp, buckle. Sabb. 57 b what 
is ist'ma? Answ. WO. "What is bizyune? Answ. &ri>3 
ifiVS) what imprisons the flying (curls), v. XaapiX. 

HD 5 !" 1 !^, II m. (ijan, v. NSld. Mand. Gr. § 119) slit. 
— P/Jwta, i.^tia. Ned. 56 b ; Snh. 20 b a couch is called 
mittah, '33 ipl&Kl iVwiK when the straps go in and out 
through slits (incisions in the boards), contrad.to XPipaX; 
(Ms. M. emendation W "a, Ms.M. iDiili3; Ned. Lc'iitij 
v. Eashi to Snh. 1. c). 



Ppl m. shy, v. TtS. 



fcfPG m. 1) (part. pass, of tial) despoiled. Targ. Is. 
XVIII,' 3; 7 (h. text fi&oa).— 2) sneerer.—Pl. Targ. Ps. 
CXXXVII, 3 Sitita (Ms. "Its, ed. Vien. StStta). 

^rl2, " l B)3 m. pi. (v. tan) prob. distributors, 
hence=K3itS (cmp. stpPEX) vessels, dishes with handles. 
Targ. Y. Ex.'xXV, 29 liiita Ar., litaia Mus. (ed. ii3i}3). 

^PO a word in an incantation. Sabb. 67 a , v. "pna 

'fcTO, v.ita. 

rpja, v. ^ r a. 

" 1 3" l ^2, v. &oiitan. 

^Q, ?JI3, m. (in, with format. I -|; v. tpta) vessel, 
dish, 'censer (b. h. tp). Tarn. IV, 3 entrails. '33'trtlrtiri 
which had been put in a vessel. Ib. V, 4. '31 fiifi Ofil 
in the larger vessel was the baz., filled to the brim with 
incense. Y. Yoma II, 39 c ; a. fr.— PI. fiW3, T^ta. Men. 
XI, 5; a. fr.— Num. E. s. 4 (expl. b. h. hiSS) fiUia^ 13113 
censers. 

?pQ, N^12 (^3, JOja) ch. f. same. Targ. 
Num.'vil, 14 T ; a/fr.— A'^^ta^ ^-ta, S'Sta, lb. IV, 7. 
Targ. Ex. XXV, 29; a. fr. ' 

.^"•D, v. sswaii. 

N^IS f. (S»t3) rem*, i>ar«. Targ. Koh. Ill, 7.— PI. 
1»' 1 !a. T Targ. Y. Ex. XIV, 21. [Hebr. bwa, expl. iJ^ta 
in Eashi to Snh. 20 b .] 

^I?" 1 ©, v.Xgta.— d^pita, Tosef. Ned. 1, 3, read ««!. 



Tina 



r\\2, $212, v. ti^a h. a. oh. 

>I3, j]H3 (Pa. of Via, yn, v. Kjan) fo scaler, 
fc distribute by shaking (cmp. 113 Pa. 2). Sabb. 66 b 
'31 S-rtwailM Ms. M. a.oth. (ed. wb\Tdb, mblia'b) let him 
shake it (the ant in the tube) to pieces and carry it off. 

^ y. •*,■*. 

SJSl ( yn, v. i.iail; cmp. Ssa, 5>2S &c.) to spMi, per- 
forate,' rend. Targ.' Gen. XXXVII, 29 (ed. Berl. Pa.). 
Targ. Ps. IiXXVIII, 13; a. fr.— Y. M. Kat. HI, 83 d top 
list Si and rent them (his garments); Y. Snh. II, 20 a top 
l-WOl (corr. ace). Lev. B. s. 6 ; Lam. B. to II, 17 (expl. 
iniaa SSa ib.) "3 tirmnto He rentHis purple (allowed the 
Temple curtain to be out through by Titus). 

Pa. Ma same. Targ.Ps. LXXVIH, 15; a. e. (Var, Pe., 
v. supra).— Part. pass. S«a Targ. Josh. IX, 4.— Y. Kil. 

IX, 32 b top; T. Keth. XII,' 35 a top ywaa iliXa his gar- 
ments torn. Y. Kidd. I, 60 a top tvH-a KS-raa Ktll and it 
(the wine botte) bursts in his hand; v. infra. 

Ithpa.MZftxJthpe.Wzm, contr. Staix to be split, rent. 
Targ. Num. XVI, 31 ; a.' fr. Y. Ab. Zar. Ill, 42 e top 'X 
'31 Nai the lake of Tib. was split. Ib. Wane. Ib. II, 41 c 
top rtipil nSiatlK his wine bottle burst. Ib. V, 45 a top 

irnia asraia ami, v. supra. Bekh. 36 a rmsus waist 

his lip was slit; a. e. 

p)3 m. (b. h.; v. next w.) [shattering, splitting,"] 
lightning. Y. B. Mets. V, ll a top (citing the Mishnah) 
'ail ftpiiaill [not 'ai] and lightning struck her (affecting 
her feet, v. fiptast). 

pj3 ( yia, v. Hall ; cmp. p!3) /o &re afc, mtsA. Erub. 

X, 14 (104 a ) '=1 rfta 'pplia you may crush salt (lumps) 
on the steps (that the priests should not slip). Gen. B. 
s. 50, beg. (expl. piari nxiaa, Ezek. I, 14) plia KlriB rift 
'31 as one who crushes pieces of peat in the stove (when 
the flames break forth).' 

*Nif. piai (cmp. pia) to be split in flashes, to flash 
(used of the divine spirit). Gen. B. s. 26 tlplM SOU mm 
'31 the spirit flashes in (seizes) one of man's limbs, .... 
E)lSh baa the entire body. 

p?3 ch. same.— Pa. p»a to cast (or shoot) a mass of 
fragments (as from a catapult). Snh. I08 b KISS lina 'a 
'31 Ar. (ed. piUB Jllhl) he shot at them with dust and 
it turned into swords &c. *B. Bath. 73 a piaa 13 Slim 
&6llai 11113 PSaiS and there was a flash as if one shot 
forty arrows of iron (v. Koh, Ar. Compl. s. v.pia, note 5). 
—Ed. KWini il^S 'SIX iaa 13 like one scattering forty 
s of mustard [from a confusion of which two 



the 






a Ar. £ 



D. S. a. 1. note.— Ar. piaia3 Ithpe.]. 

Ithpe., contr. piiai&j; to be broken. Yoma 22 b how do 
you know that Bazeh (I Bam. XI, 8, v. next w.) is here 
used piQial X.wb in the sense of being broken (a frag- 
ment of pottery) ; perhaps it is the name of a place ? 
B. Bath. 73 a Ar., v. supra. 



pW m. (preced.) fragment, piece of pottery, pebble 
(testa)'. Yoma 22 b , v. preced. Tanh. Ki Thissa 9 'a irial 
'31 what is bezek? Answ. he took a pebble &cl 

5<pD, X(5} n 3 ch. same. Targ. Prov. XXVI, 8 
Ar. (ed.'l*Spi£'Ms. StpOiJ). — PI. X^pta. Pesik, Shek. 
p. 18 a when they were poor, "i/'pWd Ar. (ed. Kipua) 
they were counted with broken pieces of pottery, when 
rich with lambs (ed. reverse order); Num. B. s. 2 ST^pia. 

llpD, Y. Kidd. I, 60 b top, v. Stp/tm. 

""152 (b. h., yo, v. 5>«) to strew, scatter. Kerith. 6 b 
Rllia Ar. (ed. incorr. nilia, v. Bashi a. 1.) he scatters 
it, lest it may decay. 

Pi. Iia same. Part. pass. IJJQa. SifraB'har ch.I Vast 
'aan )V 12ia finst ed. Ven. a. oth. (Var. Ip&iari) but 
you may gather (in the Sabbath year) the grapes from 
(broken) branches lying scattered on the ground, opp. 
■pfcta llaUJn the vine seated in the ground (Y. Shebi. 
VII, 38 b top ipaiari). 



IGc 



. B. Bath. ', 



'■ Ra. 



"N"l53, N^Il m. (=NS11 13, v. Nold. Mand. Gr. 
p. 55? seed. Ta'rg.Y.Gen.I, llsq. (0. K311 13). Ib.v.29.*- 
Snh. 93 a , v. XP&S&S. B. Mets. 74 b "Q aifli K&ilSt the 
tenant furnishes the seed; a. fr. Erub. 53 a &HTO Ar. 
(Mss. a. ed. Sf-na, v. also Babb. D. S. a. 1. note 1); v. 
SWS2&t. B. Bath. 73 a ; v. Xp T 13.— Sabb. 140 b '31 'a Dip!) 
Ar.' (ed. reversed order a. 6*113, Var. Jttia, K11&, a. Stlia 
MtoMI, v. X113 II) he (B. Hisda) took a (valueless) seed 
grain in one hand and a pearl in the other; the pearl 
he showed to them (his daughters), but he would not 
show them the seed grain until they were excited, .and 
then he showed it (as an illustration of the folly of 
curiosity). [Ar., with a Var. itlia, translates, a valueless 
'pebble=ti!^1ji q. v., which seems to be confirmed by the 
vers. StSWll Xlia (read 13 for'ia) a fragment of an earthen 
vessel.] [Bashi's interpretation is grammatically forced 
and out of harmony with the natural reserve of a father 
towards his daughters.] [Ib. 103 a fctlpl Tab for (putting 
in) the seed of a pumpkin (Ar. XHaV, ed. Koh. 8W&, Ms. 
M. Xlipl jmab as a cavity for planting &c.).]— PL iltS, 
'tia. Hull. 51 b 'a YQSI when the flax stalks have seminal 
vessels. Ib. 60 b 'a fpa JOB) Ar, (ed. iJira) he put seed 
into it. 

!S3"lG, NJ^r^ m - (collect, noun, v. preced.); pi. 
1311a, 'ia various' seeds. Kidd. 39 a . Hull. 60 b ; v. preced. 
Beta. 15 a '31 (111S) the folds (pockets) wherein the seeds 
are carried, Gitt. 68 b . 

SSDJi f. (113) disgrace. Targ. Job XII, 19. 

an ; n 1, v. k™. 

"fifD m. (b. h. ina) 1) chosen. Sabb. 105 a (ref. to 
as, Gen. T XVII, 5) I have made thee ax a father of the 
nations, '31 "pntii "2 I have made thee a chosen one 
among the nations. Gen. B. s. 76, beg.; a. fr. — 2) young 



man, youth, unmarried. Keth. 7 b , opp. fia^S*. — Gen. E. 
s. 39 pia nVinai '3 a young man and a virgin on the 
one side (of the coin). Hag. 14 a ; a. fr.— Pern. nima. 
Gen. B. s. 71 ; a. e.— P£ Dilina, f. niTina. Num. B. s. 10, 
beg. '31 hip rnb to the young (the strong) 'the voice of 
the Lord (at revelation) sounded with might', opp. dUDn; 

a-nrD, pirn, v. XT ™. 

Xmirn Targ. Y. I, Num. XXI, 27 (28), some ed., 
read xnima, v. Nfrpfi. 

Till (omp. ^na) to look out, be cautious. Lam. B. to 
I, 16 beg. '31 final "p^itf (expl. in a. gloss liiianiX) the 
cautious did not go out. 

-pm, «frrs m ., ante f. prey u=h. ™*, 

ITS, chosen, select. Targ. II Sam. XXI, 6; a. e. — PI. 
T~mz. Targ. Ps. CT, 6; a. e.— T. Snh.VI, 23 c bot. 'pan 
'3 "paw eighty select (young) men; T. Hag. II, 78 a top 
"m (corr. ace.).— Pern. TJira. Targ. 0. Ex. XIV, 7 — 
2) (cmp. "jra) tried, purified. .Targ. Ps. XVIII, 3 1 ; II Sam. 
XXHI, 31. * 

JirnS f. (ma) selection, being chosen. Y. Meg. I, 
72 d top 'ijl'^UJ '3 iia as the selection (expression ina) 
used there &c— 'an m (also with omission of n"a) tte 
Temple of Jerusalem. Snh. 20 b ; a. fr— T. Toma I, 38 c 
hot. '31 on 1331113) your witness, the Temple, shall prove 
it (Bab. ib. 9 b iilia). 

ISFTPrQ f. ch. (v. preced.) B'hirta (selection), sur- 
name of the Talmudic treatise named Eduyothor Ediyoth 
(mil!)). Kidd. 54 b bot.; Bekh. 26 a . 

briSl (b. h. ; j/ha, cmp. yna s. v. ina) [i) to be 
disordered, sick; whence bnia q. v.].— 2) (denomin. of 
bffia) to be in that stage of ripening when the fig is called 
bohal; cmp. ttixa. Nidd. 47 a (quot. fr. Maasr. I, 2) diJXnn 
'31 liiabiTO .... ^haiffia figs are subject to tithes from 
the time they are called bohal, which B. . . defines, from 
the time their heads grow white. 

Pi. VP3 (Wlia), Sif. VTOn same. Shebi. IV, 7 '31 &nia 
(Y. ed. sftirna). Y. ib. 35 b bot.; Y. Maasr. I, 48 d (rtrWl) 
'31 nri^n iWlia i«a what is bih.? It (the flg) creates 
aversion (v. Wl), as we read (Zech. XI, 8) &c. Maasr. 
I, 2 sfcirniUSa (Y. ed. iVirraiD), v. supra. [Cmp. 133 as to 
spelling in Talm. Y.] 

^PD II (=Va, v. Prov. XX, 21, cmp. preced.) to 
hasten. Pi. bfjia to come early. Mekh. Bo, Pisha, 2 ia 
831 aiax ed. Livorno (oth. ed. bt\ 13 corr. ace.) when the 
ripening of grains came very early. 

Sif. binan to advance growth. Y. Sabb. VII, 10 a top 
Woa SiniB 'iai ba (notWiaa niniB) whatever is done for 
advancing the fruits. Ib. Worlb (ed. Krot. ^nanb, corr. 
ace). 

ItYTZl (b. h.; Kna, v. Ges: H. Diet. s. v.; cmp. na s. 
v. ina) prop.fo distinguish, examine (cmp.')ia,iin), hence 
to try, probe (of metals); to find out. Snh. 107 a iJjna 



try me.— Part. pass. ^na. Pes. 87 a i]i3ina Ms. M. (ed. 
-paw, v. Babb. D. S. a. 1.) thy tried servants. Ib. b "Wia 
my tried servants. Yalk. Hos. 515; a. e. 

Pi. irjia to inquire. Yoma 73 b ; Shebu. 35 b lsma xb 
they did not ask distinct^ Y. B. Kam. IV, 4 b bot. 1"aii) 
'31 pn3a for the court (appointing him guardian) in- 
quires after his character. 

Hif. Iifian to distinguish. Snh. 8 b a. e. '31 fa pianls 
in order to be able to distinguish between the ignorant 
and the willful transgressor. Yeb. 42 a ; a. fr. 

"]flS ch. same. Targ. Koh. II, 6; a. fr.— Y. Maas. Sh. 
V.beg. 55 d (read:) '31 nib fljirai by whom every Mishnah 
has been critically examined. 

Ithpe. inanx to be tried, tested. Targ. 0. Gen. XLII, 
15 sq. (Var.'inanx, v. Berl. Targ. O. II, p. 15). 

"llD (b. h.; l/na, v. preced.) 1) to try, examine; v. 
infra.— 2) (with a) to choose, select, prefer. Tanh. Mishp. 1 1 
'31 imi biTftia tnrja thou didst prefer sufferings to 
poverty. Mass. Sof'rim XIII, 9 ; a. e.— Part. Hof. IfOla 
chosen, 'an 'ja of the best, the best way. Bice. I, 3 ; a. fr. 
— 'an la mxa the most preferable way of performing a 
religious act. B. Kam. 78 b ; a. fr. — 'an "a 'a the very 
best. Y. Pes. VI, 33 b top '31 nnil 'a for doing a thing 
(in the Temple) in the preferable way, you may set aside 
(the Sabbath law); for doing it in the best way, you 
dare not &c; a. fr. 

Pi. Ittia to examine. Pesik. B. s. 33 (ref. to max Job 
XXIX, 25) iinaal tf>Xlffl Win I was in the habit of in- 
vestigating and examining it; [ed. Er. emends iinaal, 

v. ina]. 

"iflS ch. same; 1) to try, test. Targ. Jer. XVII, 10 
(h. text "ina); a. fr.— 2) to choose, select. Targ. Ps. XXXIII, 
12.— Part. ina. Targ. Job XV, 5 (not I'm).— V. 11)13. 

*Af. ina!* to pick out. Y. Sabb. VII, 10 a bot. inaa 13 
Snn&1?pa when one picks out (the pieces of garlick) in 
the husks. Ib. inaa 13 (corr. ace). 

n^nflS f. (v. Iina) youth. Tana d'be El. ch. XVIII. 

ffinS ( ]/>0, v. }na) 1) to search, examine; v. next 
w.— 2) to stir, to go to the bottom of a thing (v. P. Sm. 508). 
Ber. 38 a ; Sabb. 156 a , v. hinttj. 

12Jn_S ch. same; 1) to search, examine. Targ. Y. Gen. 
XXXIX,' 11 '31 Uimaiab to examine ... . the accounts.— 
Sabb. 152 a SOltfina, fctilia:* kViS I am searching for what ' 
I have not lost (of the aged man's unsteady walk and 
bent figure). B.Mets.5 b '31 '31 13) until I may search and 
find it. Ib. 86 a '31 niinax Bin3 (not IDTO, v. Babb. B. 
S.a.l.note90) search for him and find him. B.Kam.97 b . 
, —2) to stir. Targ. Esth. I, 14.— Sabb. 30 b ijWa 1DTI3 itp 
Ms. M. (v. Babb. D. S. a. 1. note) he shook the trees. 
Ib. 140 a . Gitt. 45 a '31 )tdrQ stirred a (hot) pot with their 
hands. Ib. 69 b top. 

XOlS m. (preced.) 1) stirring ladle, pot-ladle. Pes. 
lll b [read:] S*3a31 N13 13 lim '3 13 iffm ' N 



•pta 



and lie (the shadow-demon) looks like a ladle turning in a 
vessel &o. — *2)rakings, hotashes. Snh.39 a [read:] nrQTflSt 
'a Vflh she placed it (the roast) under the grate (in the 
ashes); (Ar. *Wl->aa map mhaTiltf; she placed it before 
him with the raked ashes clinging to it; Talk. Gen. 23 
'a STifen VtT\ "iamx, v. Babbi D. S. a. 1. note).— [-n»na, 
quot. in Ar. fr. Ab. Zar. (60 b ), 'a inifi, read S^llttJ i|, 
arm-pit; v. T. ib. II, 41 a bot.] 

NttlS, v. ^aa. 

^p^l^TDD, Ex. B. s. 11, read T^KBg. 

tal^tDS, flS^D m. (v. next w.; cmp. b. h. pia) 
^ewp. T. Ab. Zar.'V, end, 45 b/ aa; Bab. ib. 75 a '35; 
Nidd. 65 b .— Tosef. Tohar. XI, 16 pasa. 

12513111 (Pilp. of aia or Baa, v. iaa) to swell— Hithpa. 
aaaatVi'; Nithpa. aaaans to sweB, #tom>. Tanh. Mishp. 9 
as the bite of a snake is not felt fb» '31D IS until a 
swelling sets in, so is usury not felt T*bs naaaanall) "IS' 
until it has grown upon him (the debtor). Ex; B. s. 31 
BSanaaS, corr. ace). 

tfTBa, v. *Soa. 

^m, bim, x&m, v. ^a. 

J^lHlS m. pi. (iaa)=h. ftaail, iaa*, column-like 
receptacles (of water). Lev. B. s. 25 (ref. to FYlFIBa, Job 
XXXTIII, 36, taking a as a radical letter, 'receptacles 
of wisdom') O lYlhiaa IFia what is battuhoth? Aiisw. 
Bitvaya. [Ar. reads KBliaa, taking a as propos., v. Koh. 
Ar. Compl. s. v. KilBiB, IV, p. 27. Mat. E. guesses at SOla 
as a name of a bird, as parallel to ilSlS.] 

JSOItQS m. (iaa, cmp. Cant. VII, 3) rounded sheaf, 
bunch.— A isiaa. Hull. 51 b . 

"pTO'v.-jtaa. 

fTES (b. h.; j/aa, v. ^aa; cmp. trn) to 6e at ease, 
without trouble, whence to trust. Ber. 6 b '31 rriaa^ V"in 
he ought to have trusted in the name of the Lord, but 
did not trust.' — Part. pass, rfiaa assured. Y. Naz. IV, 
end, 53 c .' — Lev. B. s. 31 "1115115 'a he may rest assured 
that &c; a. fr., 

Hif. rmnri to assure, promise. Ber. 17 a fW nnaafi 
the assurance which the Lord has given. Pesik. B. s. 1, 
beg. '31 yT^aaan malD S"SX though those who gave the 
assurances, the prophets, are dead, but the Lord who 
promised (through them) is ever-living; a. fr.. — Part. 
Sof. naas!a(=rji|Ba) confident, sure. Ber. 4 a '31 "p lifct 'a 
I am sure that thou rewardest &c. Ib.* l5> 'a may rest 
assured. Gitt. 58 a 



FTE23l ch. same. Taan. 22 b S"sa 'a Stpl Vwn since 
tie trusts in idols. 

Af. naais;=preced. Hif. Targ. Buth II, 13. 
Ithpe. Praam to /W sa/fe. Targ. Jer. XII, 5. 

nmir, nma ("maa) m . (naa, ^a, v . G es . 



H. Diet. s. v. naa; cmp. STipa) a hollow column-like re- 
ceptacle of rain water near the house. [Maim., a pro- 
jection in front of the window to stand upon in climbing.] 
Ohol. XII, 3 fiaan (Ar. Var. fiaax). Tosef. ib. XIII, 3 
'lEsas (ed. Zuck. laais, corr. ace). [Cmp. iniB for MiTlS, 
"tea IV for MSB.] V. WJIBB. 

"jiniSa, 'lETS m . (b. h.; naa) frwi, faith, hope. Y. 
Ber. IX, T 13 b bot. 'i Hrh 1»i there is hope for them (that 
they will not be punished, if they repent before dying). 
Sabb. 139 a -a Dlinaa lin they put their trust in &c. 

'CDS ( j/aa) 1) (v. iaa) to sivell, burst forth; to 
shine. Denom. aaia, aaaia.— 2) (=yyt>, cmp. Tia) to 
tread, to dash to pieces. Denom. XB^aa. — Cmp. IBaa. 

"^ v. TOW. 

^TSD, KIDS, STQS (b. h.; /aa to Z>e hollow, to 
swell; v. iaayBBai), T ^aa &c; v. Ges. H. Diet. s. v.) to 
talk inconsiderately, make hasty vows. Erub. 64 b (ref. to 
Prov. XII, 18) haian ba whoever vows or swears in- 
considerately. — Denom. "WIS. 

122 f. (v. preced.) 1) bottom, bathing basin; v. ''aaax. 
— 2) bottom, depth. Gen. B. s. 68 Ar. (ed. ">aaax); s. 50; 
s. 86 (ed. iBtl) ; v. SB*)*. 

tVlSfc, J 2 "jil pr. n.m. Ben Battiah, nephew of R. 
Johanan b. Zaccai, one of the leaders of the terrorists 
during the siege of Jerusalem by the Romans. Koh. B. 
to VII, 11; Lam. B. to I, 5; (Gitt. 56 a 8t*ipb sax). Kel. 
XVII, 12. 

&nm (rmltala) f. (aaa) cleft, grotto; ruins. 
Gen. It. s. 31 S-p-QBl 'a SSina Ar.' (ed. 'ia) in the grotto 
(or' ruins) of Tiberias'; cmp. t^Sbx.— *Pl. NPBiaia. Y. 
Pes. I, beg. 27 a S<ai STTbl sniBl'a (corr. acc'/the ruins 
of the large colonnade (of Tiberias); cmp. Midr. Till, to 
Ps. XCIH, s. v. ^BTfti. 

^I^Di pr. n. m. B'titay. Y. Ber. V, 9 C bot. 

b^Ull, v. has; ^aa, v, tea. 



b^OSln 



.(Vaa) i)loose, demoralized (=niisari labaa). 
Targ. O.'Ex. XXXII, 25 (h. text SIS, v. Eashb. a. 1.).— 
2) wife, uai». Pi. ^aa, pVaa. Ib.V,9. Targ. Koh.V,2. 
— 3) idle, resting. Targ. II Esth. Ill, 3.-4) invalid, void 
v.Voa. 

^^tpS f. (!5aa ; h. bsiaia) *<Jfc«e88, foss o/iiiw. Keth. 
105 a 'a "UK indemnity for loss of time. Ib. NTOIan 'a N21p 
(in the case of) Kama, the loss of time was ostensible 
(i. e. all knew that the fee he took for judging was 
needed to indemnify him for his loss of time). Y. Ned. 
IV, 38 c bot. I^aa 13ia (in h. phraseol.) indemnity for 
their loss of time. 



p£fi, v. pa. 



S$rO" f GD, Targ. Jud. XV, 15, v. Xtma. 

3Efi I (b. h.; v. "raS) [to be hollow]; 1) for 6e void, 
abolished, suspended; to cease to exist. Keth. 103 b nbaa 
niBTlp sanctity of life ceased; [oth. opin. : the levitical 
law concerning the contact with a corpse was suspended 
in favor of Babbi; v. Tosaf.a. 1.]. Ab.V, 16 nbaa "tin 'a 
'31 as soon as the (sensual) attraction disappears, love 
will disappear. lb. 21 as if dead QblSrt jO "SI 1SS1 and 
passed away. and disappeared from this' world. Y. Meg. 
I, 70 d top, a. e. rvwn nbaa nbaa the Scroll of Fasts 
has been abolished (the festive commemorations enum- 
erated therein are no more observed). Sot. IX, 9 (47 a ) ; 
a. fr.— 2) to rest from labor, be at ease, be idle. Ab. IV, 10 
'31 In Stela OX if thou choosest not to study the law, 
there will be many disturbances (excuses) to assist thee, 
lb. I, 5 "Via baia he neglects the study of the Law; 
a. fr. 

Nif. baa? 1) to be abolished, suspended. Y. Meg.I,70 d 
bot. boa'* 'pins (=b»la'-rib) shall in future be abolished 
(neglected). Gitt. 32 a , v. infra.— 2) to be excused, be ex- 
empt, lb. II, 16 thou art not a free man rtiaa baanb so 
as to he exempt from life's duties.— 3) to remain single. 
Gitt. IV, 5 (41 b ) baa 1 ; shall he never marry? 

Pi. ba^a, baa 1) to abolish, suspend, cancel, undo, 
neglect. Ab. II, 4 '31 "plan tea set aside thy will for 
the sake of the Lord's will, in order that He may set 
aside the will of others (euphem. for Sis will} for the 
sake of thy will (withdraw evil decrees at thy prayer), 
lb. IV, 9 '31 teaart he who neglects the study of the Law 
on account of his wealth. Sot. IX, 10 (47 a ) tea Sin fc)8 
ptisan nx he also abolished (the custom of) the wakers, 
v. "TO. Sabb. 63 a Plteaa he (the observer of the Law) 
will cancel it (avert God's evil decree). Mekh. B'shall., 
Amalek, 2, v. bipitsBW. Mace. 24 a . Ab. Zar. IV, 7 nab 
nteaa laij* why does He not destroy it (the objects of 
idoi worship)?— Gitt. IV, 1 ibaab bl3i -15^ aUD he can no 
longer annul it (his letter of divorce). lb. 2 in former 
times a man could summon a court in a strange place 
teal and declare it (the letter of divorce which he had 
sent off) void. lb. 32 b liail teaal 115P "WS a word 
(declaration) comes and cancels a word. — Ab. Zar. IV, 4 
(42 b ) an idolator (gentile) '31 lb© Vte teaamay(by mutil- 
ation &c.) cancel his own or his neigbor's idol (so that it 
is no longer subject to the law forbidding Jews to derive 
any benefits from idolatrous paraphernalia), but anlsraelite 
cannot &c. lb. '31 'a bibs 'aan in cancelling an idol, one 
has at the same* time cancelled its attachments ; a. f r. — 
nTOTi 'i to resign possession, a legal fiction by which the 
carrying of objects on the Sabbath from one's own place 
to one common to several persons, may.be permitted. 
Erub. VI, 7 lfiltB-l nj* teaa he (the brother who forgot 
to lay the Erub, v. ail"©) must resign his share in the com- 
mon property. lb. 68 b 'aal pilrtl fteaa you may resign 
your share to your neighbor, and then he may resign to 
you; a.fr. — yan 'a to renounce (by declaration) the pos- 
session of anything leavened that may have remained 



one's possession. Pes. 6 b "pS plian 
tea 1- !!" after one has searched the house for leavened things, 
he must renounce (whatever he may have failed to find); 
a. fr. — Part.pass. baiaa, f. nbaiaa. Erub. 69 b 'aa TfflBI 
"(b my possession be resigned to thee (for Sabbath pur- 
poses). Gitt. 32 a if a recipient says, Oa 11 nana 'this 
donation be void', tea - * 'shall be void', opp. to nbaa 
N" , n 'is a void one', i. e. has been annulled/ — Eduy. I, 5 ; 
Gitt. 36 b a. fr. '31 'ab bis*- "l"a •)■■» no court can repeal 
(overrule) the decisions of another court, unless &c> — 
2) to neutralize an admixture of forbidden food &c. in a 
certain quantity. Hull. 108 a teaal . . . ima IDiXBI and 
the portion of the mixture which is not its kind is prevail- 
ing and neutralizes the forbidden portion (as if did not 
exist at all); a. fr. — 3) to disturb, cause suspense, inter- 
fere with. Erub. 63 b ; Meg.3 a '31 Wte">a ye interfered with 
the daily offering; a.fr. — Ber. II, 5 '31 "Oaa baab to suspend 
(shake off) the yoke of heavenly government even one 
minute. 

Hif. b^aa/i to cause interruption, to order suspension. 
Succ. V, 5 '31 ton n!S biaanb to cause the people to 

Hithpa. a. Nithpa. baann, baan to be interrupted &c, 
v. Nif.— Tan. d'be El. I, 5; II, 3.'' 

blQS, TIDS ch. same; 1) as h. Kal 1). Targ. Lam. 
V, 15; a. e.— Sot. 33 a '31 MVras nb^aa the decree en- 
forcing idol worship in the Temple has been repealed. 
Meg.Taan.XI on the twenty second (of Shebat) fctpvas 'a 
was the decree &c. revoked. Sabb. 139 a , Snh. 98 a tea ij* 
'31; v. XffliaaK. B. Hash. 18 b Kn*l3"l!* nb^aa (Meg. Taan. 
VII nbiasnl*, read 'ana), v. XH-ia'-X; a. fr.— 2) as h. 
Kal 2). Targ. Y. Ex. XVII, 1 [read:] ■jln'-TW lb">aa"l when 
their hands were lazy &c.' — Part. pass, b^aa annulled; 
neutralized (in a larger quantity, v. preced. Pi.). Hull. 
100 a , a. fr. (in Hebr. phraseol.) 'a tfbmaa "pa in a mixture 
of homogeneous things (of which one is forbidden) the 
rule of neutralization by quantity takes no effect. lb. 99 a 
'a Kaiia it is neutralized in any larger quantity (than 
the forbidden ingredient); a. fr.— lb. 100 a top V"BSn1, v. 

Pa. V-aa as h. Pi. Targ. Ps. XXXIII, 10 (some ed. in- 
corr. b^aa); a. e— Erub. 66 b bios'"? )XZ& to whom should 
he resign his right of usage (for Sabbath purposes)? 
'31 biaapb shall he resign &c? lb. 67 a biaaa . . iblaa. 
Pes. 6 b n"teab let him renounce it (the leavened thing). 
lb. saixa 'ntea^l let him renounce it at four hours of 
the day. Gitt. 36 b histea* I would repeal it (that law), 
lb. 32 a ntea ibioai that he revoked it . (the letter of 
divorce); a. fr. 

Af. biaax l)=Pa. Targ. Y. Gen. VI, 7 biaas I will 
undo (h. text nnai*); a. e.— 2)=h. Hif. Targ. Is.' XXX, 11 
-a XMbaas make ye us free from tradition. 

Ithpe. biaanx, contr. biaais. l) to be abolished, re- 
moved, undone. Targ. Job XVII, 11; a. fr.— Gitt. 32 ab 
baa has two meanings biaaibl Safflal baai Saffla it may 
mean 'it is void', and may mean 'be it declared void'. 
Hull. 100 a S*ana V-aani (or b^aari) let it be neutralized 



a*a 



in the larger mixture ; (why is it not &c?) — 2) to be 
disturbed, to be forced to be idle. Targ. Koh. XII, 3; 

b T b33, II, ^TQi m. (preoed. m) 1) null, void; vain. 
Gitt. IV, 1 Kin 'a" is void (revoked); v. baa Ithpe.; a. fr. 
— P;. di^aa, pbaa, 'iaa.— 'a dil3l vanities, absurdities. 
Ab. Zar. 16 b ; a. fr. — 2) «cWe, unemployed, not needed. 
Snh. 21 a one horse 'a fctlSTl when not needed (for war). 
Koh. B. to VI, 8.— PI. as supra. Y. Meg. I, 70 b hot. 
3'Tliab . . . "pbiaa illUW (where there are) ten men at 
leisure for attending Synagogue, v. ibaa. Ber. 16 a Kim 
Ihaxbaa '31B provided they stop working. lb. 17 b fi'Ti 
'a scholars have to abstain from work; a. fr. — Fern. Slbaa, 
iibiaa. Ab. V, 16, v. baal. Gitt. 32 a , v. baal, Pi.; a' fr. 



nbm_t 



I f. (preced.) vanity, idleness. Keth. V, 5 'an 
'31 insiia'a idleness leads to immorality. Ab. 111,4 TOSan 
'3b 13b who turns his mind to vanities. Y. Ber. VI, 10 a 
hot. 'ab tt5"ffl liDlrtb to pronounce the name of the Lord 
for no purpose.— Y. Keth. VII, 31 b hot. 'a btt! di131 use- 
less labors (as carrying water and pouring it out again). 
Gen.B. s. 91 'a bffil 131 irrelevant argument. Y. Naz. IV, 
53 b '3rt bs> for no use. Kidd. 16 b 'a 1311) compensation for 
interrupted labor; a. fr. 



■jibias, v 



1 51313 m. (baa) unemployed.— PI. trt'baa, "psbaa. 
Snh. 21 b 'an di&l& horses not needed for the army. Y. 
ib. II, 20 c . Meg. I, 3 O flltDS ten persons having leisure; 
v. Y. ib. 70 b hot. 

W 313131 ch. same; idler, lazy ; unemployed. PL'pi^aS. 
Targ. T Bx. V, 8; 17— i.Sbaa. Pes. 51 b ; 55 a ; Ber. 17 b . * ' 

n^blOS f., liblSS m. (baa) idleness, loss of time. 
Treat. Abad. ch. II iiibaa; Sifre Deut. 118 'iniibaa his 
idleness (during sickness), 

ltQ% "]" 1 P.4 ( v - hDa ) *° & e pregnant. Targ. Prov. 
XXV, 23.— Gen. B. s. 98 (play on triyah, Jud. XV, 15, 
as if Tpta, three) "pltl Sliaa she was going with two 
(making together three). Lam.B. to 1, 1 Ti31 (TWO in 7). 
[Targ. Jud. XV, 15 Nrfliaa, v. KTOiB.] 

^Efi m. (b. h.; v. iB3) M&. Nidd. 31 b . Sot. 28 a 
'si 13aa' the belly of the adulterer; a. fr. 

&ttl3l32 ch. f. same. Targ. Jud. XIII, 5; a. e. 

"WTSS Botnai, name of a bird. Hull. 63 a . 

n^lDS, v. HOttai.— H. fifsaa, v. also next w. 

1 u133[ m. C]aa) a musical instrument, a sort of bag- 
pipe; (oth. opin.) cittern fastened around the body; (oth. 
opin.) workingman's pinafore. Kel. XV, 6 (Ar. tmaa, 
oth. vers, "plaa, 'plTaa, v. Ar. Compl. ed. Koh. s. v.). 

"013131 J3o«, name of a bird. Hull. 63 a (diflf. fr.i&OB3). 

tVOUSl pr. n. Botnith. Pes. 57 a Abba Saul ben B. 



JSrpJ'Cfi, '2 n 31 (prob. a geogr. term) (a hen) of 
Be Botni. b! Mets. 86 b 'a 13 ., . . arat a black hen &c. 
[Kashi xr\i3B& fattened; Ar. s. v. sttttT: xnaaSia, Var> 
SD1B3& -13, VSrtvNB -ia ;Ms. M. xmiBS 13, Ms. B. 2 KmiBBia ; 
v. Babb. D. S. a. 1., Koh. in Ar. Compl. 1. c] 

1313S, v. iiiala. 

fcHlSlSl (^"TOll) m. (=81BS ia, v. KlaiS) space 
for spanning one's hand around, an object— h. SitpBft or 
Jljinx. Hull. 50 b .— PI. 11B3. Ib. 76 a (ed. 1 for I, as B. 
Mets.' 39 b SlBiS for KlBiS). [Differ, of opin. as to mea- 
sure : one finger or four fingers.] 

125133 (v. Baa 2) to' tread; to kick, knock down (with 
one's foot), crush. Targ.Y. I, Ex. XXIV, 10.— Sabb. 116 b 
XSIfflb '31 K-ian KhN the ass (offered to the judge as a 
bribe) came and knocked the (gold) lamp over. B. Kam. 62 a 
'31 XnStoa 'ai who kicked the money box aside so that 
he threw it into the river. 

Pa. ttJiaa to stamp. Targ. II, Esth. Ill, 8. — B. Kam. 99 a 
he hired him Hfflaab (Bashi a. Ms. B.) for stamping; v. 
SMOBia.- — Transf. to treat with contempt, sneer at. Targ. 
Y. T Num. XIV, 9.— Briib. 54 a top. *Shebu. 30 b j-pa 115B3 
■T'sb iHaplXl (Ms. F. only . . SliaplX) he insulted the 
ignorant man and made him stand up; v., however, tt5fia. 

Ithpa. ttJaanx to be stamped in, mixed up. Targ. Y. I, 
Ex. XXIV, 10.' 

WfiqX v. wim. 

"S 1) (= _ ai) in, with, at. Targ.Y. Num. XXII, 28 
XTOUJ JOUrl ia at that time. Targ. Cant. I, 9; 13, 14 (ed. 
Vien. jreina).— 2) (=)"0) between, among. Sot. 10 a ; Meg. 
12 a ; v. Wisa.— Sabb. 109 b ibbia 13 (Ms. 'a3) between 
the embers; a. fr.— HBatt) ia (=h. mfflaiBn pa) during 
sunset. Ber.43 b IB 131 KfflTTp the Kiddush said on Friday 
night. Keth. 103 a 'IS ia ba every Friday night.— 3) (=311) 
son of; v. Taia. Y. Ber. IV, 7 C hot.; a. fr.— 4) (=rna) 
house of, school of; home, place of &c. Targ. Job VII, 9 ; 
a. e. — . . . '1 131 ton (sub. lifi) a student of the school 

of B taught. Hull. 42 a ; a. fr.— Ab. Zar. 6 b '1 1313 

'IS (Ms. M. 1"a) in (the Boraitha) of the school of B. 0. 
— Yeb. 21 b inai SWK i31 one of the family of the grand- 
mother (whether mother's or father's mother). Ib. N3K 131 
1131 of the grandfather's family ;1111 i31one of the uncle's 
relation.— 31 131 the Boraitha of Be Bab (Sifra). Hull. 66 a 
(v. Bashi a. 1.); a. fr.— "pal 13 college. Ber. 17 a ; a. fr. 
[For other compounds with 13, v. respective determin- 
ants.] 

«J3, XT% T\% n^S (n^)f.(via,lateGr. 
p(a) highway, road. [As regards the import, in theBoman 
government, of the office of commissioner on highways, 
v. Sm. Ant. s. v. Via.] Y. Hag. II/77 C bot.;,Midr. Till, 
to Ps. CXIV, beg.; Yalk. ib. 794; Gen. B. s. 12 (corr. 
vers, by comparison) rtiHal HJila (Dpal dlpa) "jb pK 
ibffl '3 bS hilaa D1« (ttJij*) nb (lb) pxffl there is not a 
district (place) which has not an officer appointed over 
its highways; v. SIpilSK a. &1B1S5K. Ib. do not read iria- 



■rate but laffl n^a (Y. 1. o. ni 13 corr. ace.) (the ! 

of) 1W (the maintenance of the world's roads) in His 

name; omp. dipa. [For flia force, v. j*i;|II.] 

n&0!3ll f. (b. h. M«3; sia) 1) coming in, entrance. 
Men. 4 a ; Sifra Metsor. Neg. eh. IV, Par. 7 (ref. to 3251, 
Lev. XIV, 39 a. 831, ib. .44) '3 KM 11 na^Ii son 11 the 
same rule applies to his coming the second time and to 
his entering (after a week). Cant. B. to II, 6 (ref. to 
"|rra . . ., Deut. VI, 10) (on the door post to the right) 
of thy coming from the street to thy house. Yoma 86 b 
'33 . . . "ifctlVi oh, that the going out (of office) be (as pure) 
as the coming into! Ib. sq. MSW3 '3 . . . oh, that the 
coming home (from court) be (as sinless) as the going out 
(for holding court) ! B.Mets. 107 a dbisb '3 birth. Y. Naz. 
VII, 56 d top, a. fr. IDIpan fisoa entering the Temple. 
Yoma 53 b rrapil '3 entering (the Holy of Holies) with- 
out incense, i. e. needlessly. — lDaiB Jwa sunset Ber. 2 a 
'31 IfflattJ '3 the sunset of his last day of levitical un- 
eleanness prevents him from &c, i. e. is indispensable 
for his permission to eatT'rumah,v.inD: a.fr.— PJ.nistia. 
Kidd.37 b '31 '3 11a&« bibl. passages mentionning entrance 
into the promised land; a. fr. — 2) (v. xia^nVija) coition, 
connection. Kidd. 1, 1 ; a. fr. — fills n&VQ incestuous con- 
nection. Y. Yeb. II, 3 C bot.; a. fr.— nixa '3, v. fllSa. — 
PI. as supra. Kerith. II, 3 ; a. fr— Cant.B. to IV, 12 WSJ 
'3 two ways of &c. 

*DK%V. SITS. 

■nara, v. **». 

3 -, 3 m. (313, v. 33) pipe, gutter, canal. Erub. VIII, 10 
(88 a ). Ab. Zar. Ill, 4. Gen. B. s. 12 rtnhS te naia its 
water-spout over its entrance. Ib. 1313 man's spout (nose). 
Ex. B. s. 36 '3 XSa he strikes against a gutter; a. e. — 
PI. dWa, para. Y. Hag. II, 77 d bot. '3 dlp>»3 on a place 
where there were sewers; Gen. B. s. 1.— Ex.B. s. 6 tfilS 
'3 cleaning sewers. Koh. B. to I, 2 VCtta (corr. ace )— 
tliaia. B. Kam. 6 a ; 30 a . 

&G"S ch. same; duct, underground walk. Y. Taan. 
IV, 68 d Wwal '3 la !-rt> biXS; (Lam. B. to II, 2 >ite 
'13133 fntl corr. ace.) he came up to him from the duct 
of the besieged fortress.— [Lam. B. to 1, 5 nQKfl, v. 151a.] 

WS, V. ^3. 

1*Q n D pr. n. m. Y. Gitt. VII, 48 d '3 1, read as Y. 
B : Bath. VIII, 16 c top, 'pa. 

"^"^-(vive) long live! Lam. B. to I, 5 '31 WtoH O 
Ar. (read "0"vq11, vive domine imperator) long live my 
lord the Emperor. [Ed. Iluteit ilJta K3131, Syriac, corr. 

■■woo 

"O^, "'i'CPil, "OS pr. n. m. (b. h., v. Ezra II, 11; 
Neh. VII, 16)~Bebai. Shek. V, 1 133 p; Yoma 23 a 'i3. 
Ib. 34 b '3 '31 B. B., an Amora. B. Bath. 36 b ; a. e.— [Y. 
Maasr. V, 52 a 1313 tea, read "33 q. v.] 

* 1 3D' l il m. (=133 13, v.i?3) bath-house. Y. Ter.VIII, 
end, 46"; (Gen. B. s. 63 TO "3). Y. Sabb, VIII, end, ll c 
'3 15. in (the water of) the bath house. 



~j"3 m. (vivarium, Pi^apiov) vivarium, an enclosure 
in which live game, fish &c. (also wild beasts) are kept. 
Snh. 39 a '3b WilDb must be thrown into the vivarium. 
Ib. '31 irmtt} they threw him &o. but they (the' beasts) 
did not eat him. Bets. 24 a ; a. fr.— PI. Diia^a, Tnaia. 
Ib. m, 1 ; a. fr. V. SOiaTa. 

" 1 "ll' 1 D, Hall. 127 a , read 113 "Q, v. iJ*1ia. 

H^U% WTPfZ m. pi. (pi. of vivarium, v. 1313) 
animals kept in the vivarium, game. Pesik. B. s. 16; 
Pesik. Eth Korb. p. 58 b ; Yalk. Num. 777; Kings 176; 
Koh. B. to II, 7 (corrupted 'ai2S, '313 &c; expl. diiaia 
dioast I Kings V, 3 chosen, fattened) '3 ijia various kinds 
of game (deer &c.) from the vivarium. V. !*;iaia, end. 

tXTft, Pi of sm 

M"^ m., ITS f. 013 1; cmp. 'pa) fiction, false 
report, information. Y. Sbt. IX, 23 c bot. ; Y. Yeb. XVI, 15 c 
'3 ^ prtbia YrrsnuM and they were all taken prisoners 
owing to the information against them. [Eabad Seder 
hak-Kabb. a. other chroniclers have erroneously 1 hteffl 

nna 111a xTnuj, read . . . SYra fa or ma.] 

it|, arvrra, v. -wkd. 

. pT2,v.r.a. 

StfFfflJTS 'f. ch.=h. nbna. Targ. 0. Lev. XXVI, 16; 
a. e. (ed. also xrfcina). 

Nffi/TS f. (una) shame. Targ. II Chr. XXXII, 21, 



understanding. Targ. Prov. II, 3; a. fr. 

Lev. E.'s. 19 Ar. '3 pinb X&il pin lal [sV] (ed., v. b^« 
a. SSlTa).— Pf. ilia. B.Bath. 74 a ; Snh. 110 a ilh n 1 * iinit 
'3 Ar. he showed him two clefts in the ground (ed. 
W3 iin ifcttn); Ar. ed. pr. Var. pitel StlW iKttl . . . 
nsia jean (Ms. B. SWiTD, v. Babb. D. S. a. 1. note) I saw 
a cleft out of which smoke rose. — 2) ruin, destruction. 
Targ. Is. LX, 18 (h. text 1l25); v. next w. 

w% aG 11 m., anr-i, an-a f .=h.n.ia « 

m^; plunder, spoil. Nah. Ill, 1. Targ. O. Ex. XV, 9; 
a. fr.— Lam. E. to II, 13 '31 &031S3 in Arabia they call 
spoil (Xnra) aditha (with ref. to "piSS ib.). Cmp. MIS. 
[Targ. Is. LX, 16 (h. text itii); v. preced. w.]— Trnsf. 
xniia ro&fc'ed woman. Midr. Till, to Ps. I, 2 stt-Qlte '3 an 
this poor robbed woman; Yalk. Num.750 (incorr. vers.). 

SK-'Paill m. (sniia f.) (113, cmp. itiia; cmp. iffl, IB) 
feeder, whence pap, breast. Targ. Y. Num. XI, 8 (brisket, 
v. Hama; h. text Ittk, cmp. Iffl).— -Y. KU. I, 27 b top H^ 



'31 B cursed be the breast which nursed such a man.— 
PI. SWTa. Targ. Job XXI, 24 iiHa (Var. WTO).— Gen. B. 
s. 5 '=1 '5 ■pBiib, v. supra; Pesik. Zakh.p. 23 b (Ar. sing.). 
Y. Hag. II, 77 d bot. 

m% v. Mta. 

/"H* 1 ^ f. (b. h. hJ3; IB) spoil Num. B. s. 13, end 
BYl h-TB spoil made at the Bed Sea, d"iisa '3 made in 
Egypt; a. e— PZ. hi?B. Lam. B. to II, 13 (ref. to -p^SI* 
ib. ; cmp. Xh-VB s. v. SWB II) 'SI '3 h03 how often did 
I give you the spoils of your enemies. 

Sl-rS, "it m. (SB) rending, rent. Targ. Joel II, 13, 
— [shwo, v.' «sra.] 

'^P% R'l'fo m. (^BII) rag, wreck. Gen. B. s. 30 
K3d '3 old rag (contemptuous designation of an old man). 

ri&J'TS f. (v. XtBIII) brisket. Gen. B. s. 34 Ar. 
ilia blpbil 'a 1B31 (ed. hW "pill, which is the interpret, 
of our w. in Ar.).— [The orig. vers. prob. read hSO &WB3 
,1X5 bpb'il bS with a fine brisket on a fine plate; v. 
Yalk. Gen. 60; Ps. 697.] 

}^% v. 'ja. 
WIT3, v. 'm. 

^Pit, /"Ppl m. pi. CB II, b format.) cuts, rents, 
whence disconnected outskirts of a community. B.Bath. 
68 b (expl. ni-iiiffi) iVtB. What is bizle? TO ipb 1 *, v. 
XSSa; Y. ib. IV, 14 c bot. !T*B ["hlHD (read rm&). 

N^rSl (H3?r^) m. (SB) rewf, spW, efe/1 Ab. 
Zar. 70 a XttJ'B 'a nin there was a crack in the door. 
Cant. B. to IV, 14 (Koh. E. to X, 18 Wpa), v> b^S; 
Lev. E. s. 19, v. SWBI.— PI. WS. Taan. 21 b hB tTWI 
'3 "3 Ar. s. v. Shims (ed. Sita rrihl 801p, Ms.M. v. Babb. 
D. S. a. 1.), v. KhVbia. Num. B. s. 18 '3 "TO iStWTl iVt«; 
Snh. 110 a , v. S>MBI. 

srfa, v. *$% 

*£&$% pr. n. pi. Bez'tha (contr, of Shi B Olive- 
town), T iiear Pumbeditha. Erub. 52 a B[3] Wttffl Kilh 
Ar. (ed. NhJisa; Ms. M. NhiT -03 read B3; Ms. 0. 8ttlTO; 
v.Babb.D.S.a.l.) my central point for Sabbath distances 



"fcTCftma, v. xtiqa. 
b^m, v. irja. 

12*Q, ^"2*0, Y. Shebu. HI, 34 d bot., read XSB. 

.fcfEPill (prJTa) .Beta, second letter of the Greek 
Alphabet" Shek. Ill, 2. Y. ed. (Bab. XtY'B corr. ace). 

" I *lt2* l 2, " l *l'"2il m. (iD3) «>a»», wsefess teft, ref. to 
vows and oaths which neither benefit nor injure any- 



body; B hSBtti a useless oath, contrad. to 1*111} '12 a false 
oath or one asserting something impossible. Shebu. Ill, 
9sq. Ib. 49 b ; B. Mets. 36 a an oath imposed in court ^K 
B.nsiatB dlUJa h3 does not come under the law of vain 
oaths (as to sacrifices). Ib. dih&tB '3 erroneous statement 
without legal consequences, oppos. to *paa iYVSa whereby 
somebody lost money. [Y. Nazi. I, beg. 51 a hSBlU ilbBttJ, 
read ^ISBll).] 

5112*3, 12*2 m. (boa) interruption, loss of time; 
abrogation; relinquishment, renunciation. Kidd. 33 a haip 
'3 il3 "pXH) rising (in honor of an elder &c.) which causes 
no interruption of labor. — Ifllh '3 neglect of the study 
of the Law. Sabb. 32 b ; a. fr.— Men. 99 a sq. P&ltsBlB d"a9& 
'31 sometimes the neglect of the Law is its establishing. 
Sabb. XVI, 1 a"h3 '3 neglect of lectures (through read- 
ing at home). Y.PeahlV, 18 b , a. e. d'TO B loss of time to 
the poor (when compelled to wait for their share in the 
crop).— Erub. 66 b hllin '3, v. baa Pi.— Y. Gitt. IV, 46 a 
top, a. fr. mail i-niS B neglect of marital life.— Y. Ab. 
Zar. HI, 43 d bot. '3 his ffli can be cancelled, v. ib. IV, 4 
s. v. boa Pi.— Pes. 4 b '31 Xabsa '33 a mere relinquish- 
would be sufficient. ; a. v. fr. 



S^b-ita*!^, '££[ ch game _ Targ _ j> roVo XV] 22.— Ab. 
Zar. 53 b . 

■jinta'a, v. iih ? a. , . 

"WlL, v. ^D3. 

NPTfll -3, v. KrVWQ. 

^iDTS \*1 f. Cjd3) pregnancy, growth of the embryo. 
Lam. T B. to I, 1 van ('hxa tn6) Wfifl Ol iff-n )^$. 
(strike out one of the two terms). 

Itfttj"^, fcttttoil m. (1DB3) stamping, fulling. B. 
Earn. 99 a ('SB) '31 B B for every stamping manipulation 
one M'ah.— PL *2 Ib. (Var. iffl1.B3b), v. lSOS. 

^5=hB, v. ^3. 

&0*£l (via), v. KB. 

fcP"£HI, }"H"3 f. (p£a) 1) force, act of violence,, ex- 
tortion, wrong. Gen. E. s. 93 (play on bi, Gen. XLIV, 18) 
imbS IBSa fttMS. B thou passest violence over us (thou 
treatest us unjustly). Ex. B. s. 20 '31 B . . . xallJ do I 
ever wrong any creature ? Deut. B. s. 2 (play on hi<33 
Ez. Vin, 5) '31 XaisSi) X31 B Xh Oh, this great wrong 
in this world, v. infra. *Y. Ned.III,38 a h^B ihb1113 . . . p 
that is the way one says to his neighbor (read "iWia 
-^api^sc^at (3i'q0 to do a' favor perforce (ref. to an in- 
vitation accompanied with a vow in case of refusal). — 
2) interj. (=h. 11) woe! help! Yoma 69 b '31 B B woe, 
woe, it is this (the tempter) that destroyed the Temple &c. 
Yeb. 97 b '31 hsa B B woe, woe over the brother who 
is &c. Lev. E. s. 17, end (play on h»33, v. supra) B B 
'31 fcGhlh woe, woe, that the stranger dislodges the owner 
(idolatry in the Temple). 



mapVa 



XXHl, v. K^ja. 

']'0" I "Q, read -pana, v. Tpa. 

2#P3, v.n^a. 

5"P!2 l) road, v. N*a; 2) wow?, v. x^a. 

fcO" 1 ^ m. ("pa ; cmp. naaa, KHMS) we*, head-dress. 
B. Bath. i46 a 'small presents', Knaabi sona mi rraain 
Ar. s. v. HOT* (ed. Sana, Ms. M. '31ia, Ms. H. SOTO, cmp. 
t. 'a pS; v. Koh. Ar. Compl. s. v.) said B., This 



bf% v. **. 

y3' /y 2, Tosef. B. Mets. IX, 14, v. ^3. 

"pa, v. Tffl oh. 

T^-l^, T% v.^aih.a.ch. 

"1*^2 m. (denom. of "Ha or 113, cmp. 113 Pi. 2) 
SMperinfentZent o/ £Ae weZZ in rural communities. Shehi. 
VIII, 5 'Dl '3^ &6 "pJiTii -jist (out of the money realized 
from the fruits of the Sabbath year) you must not pay the 
■well-master &c. ; ninttft db Kin 'jrVO tatf hut you may pay 
the well-master a fee for giving you water to drink. 
Tosef. B. Mets. IX, 14 '31 itaitl 'an (Y. ib. beg. 12 a ed. 
Krot. 'an, corr. ace.) the well-master, the bather &c. when 
collecting their fees from the owner (individually), may 
attach only the owner's sharein the produces. Ib. VIII, 11 <1 

top 'an -ja nbM); [Bab. ib. 97 b rmarra nia )>txana}>, 

read STHjaa ch.]. • 

"p3, "TSm.(Tia)imWfed, waste ^rowwrf. Targ.Deut. 
XXI, 4 (virgin land, h. text fTp*).— Targ. Is. XXVIII, 25. 
Targ. Jer. XII, 13 1i3(!).— Lev. B. s. 1, beg., v. 113 ch. 

^iti^a, v. i#a. 

JT'ET'O, T. Bets. I, 60° bot., read Kijttjia. 

I©* 1 ^ m. 1) (1B13) bashful, chaste; chaste person, 
bashful man. Ned. 20 a 'a XlffilJ Q1X3 fi&i laHa it is a 
favorable indication in a man that he is bashful. Ab. 
II, 5. 'an he who is ashamed (to ask questions at school) ; 
a. e — PI. biSltfiia, ysitiiia. Yeb. 79 a . Y. Snh. VI, 23 d 
■p31»iiia(?); Num. B. 8.8; Midr. Sam. ch. XXVIII; Midr. 
Till, to Ps. I.— 2) v. I^ia. 

nw^a, ^% v. *#% 

t>tP% v. efrra. 

Diri' 1 " 1 ^ f. pi. (denom. of tiia) animals lodged (at 
certain seasons) m sfteds within town-limits. Bets. V, 7 
(40 a , Ms. M. rVM*i3); Sabb. 45 b ; a. e. 

"'SO'S m. (v. NJMa) name of a spider. Tosef. Par. IX 
(Vni), 6 e'd. Zuck, (Var. iS*3ia corrupt, B. S. to Toh. 

ix, 2 -wais). . ■ 



mi3% v. moa. 

T3 h., Hif. Vrain fo wicc, v. next w. 

5^2, "3 ch. (cmp. b. h. Vta) to mias, knead; trnsf. 
(cmp. BIS, ttJTi) fo study thoroughly. Men. 65 a (play on 
•jlBta, Neh. VII, 7 ; cmp. lata) aWl .... V«a iTlrl he studied 
languages and explained them. 

*P«. ta?a same; trnsf. to discuss. Y. Ab. Zar. HI, 43 a 
talis taaix ism 16<a (read V*;as) he who reads in the Mish. 
(111,5; v. "pa Hif.) obil, means, Let us discuss the subject. 

SliJTi, Tl&% (b. h.) pr. n. m. Bilgah, chief of a 
priests' division; whence, fem. (sub. flfiSlfia) name of a 
priests' division, v. lattSa. Succ. V, 8 'al tibvb O the 
Bilgah division at all times distributes its shares of the 
show-bread in the Southern part of the Temple courts. 
Ib. 56 b ; Tosef. ib. IV, 28 KaVra ed. Zuck. 

I'Hb'O, Targ. Y. II Num. XII, 7, v. itaK 

(ITS f. (=nV>ta, fr. *>ta, cmp. STli? Lam. I, 8; nbis 
a. nlsita) thorough mixture, even distribution of mixed 
objects. Zeb. 80 a 'a UJi a mixture is considered evenly 
distributed in all its parts. B. Hash. 13 b 'a px tab none 
of the mixtures named is a real mixture (of even distri- 
bution), except wine and oil (being liquid). Hull. 83 b , 
a. fr. '31 "J? il&On ta wherever from the proportions 
and properties of the mixture a perfect fusion is possible, 
the real act of mixing thoroughly is not indispensable. 

nTD"Q, Targ. Job XXXVIII, 37, v. nil!>iS. 

■jib* 1 ^, Bekh. VII, 1, v. u |fti3. 

ambis, v. asiita. 

*0'lb'Q or &lb"D, Y. Sabb. VII, 10 b bot. 'a hiffia 
(Var. '3), read llA tsiffla V<n. [Bead the passage as follows : 
wb aiiaa ann pitaa iit» man iiiu pupiis psssi inn 
—all of which belongs to line 26 fr. bottom ] 

. "'Qb'Q, Pesik.B. s. 21, read lata, v. bta. [Bead: xn 

iatai imaia -pom ns* -iniian-jVniiia behold, I created 

for thee thy company; thou and thy neighbor (were 
made) in my image &c] 

P n n, Bekh. 43 b Ar., v. ftaS; Kel. XX, 6 Ar., v. Vital; 
Targ. Y. Gen. XXV, 25 Ms., Lev. a. oth., v. itaa. 

^3, v. is^a. 
'Q&b'O, v. oaiata. 

p9 '3 (pta Ar.) pr. n. m. Billah, in conjunction with 
p^in, p|n, fictitious names for any men (similar to our 
'Tom, Dick & Harry'). Hull. 19 a '21 Ti ah SSX I know 
no Hillak and no Billak (I know of no authorities or in- 
dividual opinions), I only know a tradition. Snh. 98 11 
inV itafct '31 Ti (margin in Ms. M. pta ptal) shall H. a. B. 
(any persons indiscriminately) enjoy it? 

ffl!tfpb*Q, Sifre Deut. 36, read niXp^Uja, v. ip^i&a. 



■ ■pb'o, y. f i*a, 

^jQ^S, Ab. Zar. 16 b ,=next w. 

nQ^il f. (cmp. naa) elevated stand for public meet- 
ings (for speakers, readers, holding court &c). Sot. VII, 8. 
Succ. 51 b . Ab. Zar. I, 7 (ib. 16 b !Wa). Gen. E. s. 76 as 
if seated pi O ta upon the platform and holding court. 
Lev. E. s. 13 O nssa lWtt niXISl and gives itself the 
appearance as if holding court (givingthe form of legality 
to robberies). Gen. E. s. 37 Stt)1 ta) '3 the court of in- 
justice (Borne).- Koh. E. to I, 8 (Ab. Zar. 16 b blllS; 
Tosef. Hull. H, 24 naa); a. fr.— PI. (of sati) niwaia. 
Pesik. B'shall. p. 84 a (Ms. 0. nixb3 ; Tanh. ed. Bub. B'shall. 5 

bitasa) (wooden) platforms.— niaia. Meg.32 a 'am nimta 
(Ms.M.niaani; T.ib.ni,73 d bot. fnnbi nai3) the tablets 
(in Synagogues, prob. used for announcements) and the 
raised seats (for readers or distinguished persons to speak 
from). [Ar. s. v. ffla3, ref. to Meg. 1. c, explains, ninib 
the board-covers of books, m»3 wooden stands (lias) for 
exhibiting the Torah scrolls during the services; another 
opinion quot. in Ar.: ffttfb the blank margins between 
the columns of the scroll, nia3 the upper and lower as 
well as the front and back margins; cmp. CD")!* a. fijab.] 
[A derivation of our w. fr. ^(Aa is excluded, because 
the sing,, in that case, would be Xai3 or Xbai3 a. the 
pi. f oai3 or niKB»is.] 

DID" 1 !^, 0EP3 m. (an adaptation of $(o\xoc„ treated 
in inflection as a cacophemism=dl!*ia 13, v. Tosef. Ab. 
Zar. V, 6, quot. bel., cmp. SOIUSiS; Syr. Nbaia, Oh. Kba|, 
StoaTa, SKbiaa) pedestal of idolatrous statuary. Ab. Zar. 
Ill, 7 a stone originally hewn '3\s for an idol's pedestal. 
Tosef. ib. V (VI), 8 b3.S3!B 'a. a broken bomos, (contrad. 
to toro); Bab. ib. 53 b bot. '31 pK 'a a bomos is made of 
one stone, an altar of several. Tosef. ib. VI, 10 ; a. fr.— 
[Y. B. Mets. X, end, 12 e 'a i3S ta ntan, read biail.]— 
PI. ntebwta, nixibiaia, nwiaTa, "baTa. Ab. Zar. IV, 6 
(53 b ) dista taj 'Z(v. Eabb. i>. S. a. L, Mish. K. niibaia) 
pedestals temporarily put up for the reception of princes 
(governors). Ib. 54 a laffin WSIBa niiObaiS Ms. M. (v. 
Eabb. D. S. a. 1. note) idolatrous pedestals (or altars) 
erected during (the Hadrianic) persecution, laiBniU S"»X 
lta*3 Hh on Itiim baa although the persecution has been 
repealed, they (the Eomans) have not cancelled these 
altars; v. taa Pi.— Gen. E. s. 53, a. e. (some ed. nidaia) 
altars. Tosef. Ab. Zar. V (VI), 6 nixiibla 13 ed. Zuck. 
(Var. nTOaia). [Ab. Zar. I, 7 (i6 a ) niWibiaia, nii&aia, . 
read with Ms. M. a. Ar. inWbia^.] 

" , D" I S pr. n. m. Bimi=^^. Y. Ber. IX, 14 a top 
'a '11 xix read: "3 13 K1K; Y.Taan. I, 64 b top '»13ix 13 
('aia^); v. Frank. M'bo p. 62 a . 

pD"Q, Talk. Ps. 670, v. f iJ*3. 

oa% nto*, m'aws, m'W3, v. 



NtO 1 ^ ch.=h. bia^a. Ab. Zar. 53 b . 

"j"Q, I'lSl (b. h. ; j/Via, v. K13) to pierce, split, pen- 
etrate; whence, to discern, understand; v. Hif. 

*Polel 1$ia (cmp. f3) to cause to penetrate, to saturate. 
SifraVayikra,N'dab., Par.l2,ch.XIV(ref. to Lev. 11,13) blS-i 
insian from bammelah I might judge, 'thou must thor- 
oughly saturate it, trban tan therefore it says, 'timlah' 
(thou shalt strew). Men. 21 a (quoting Sifra 1. c.) "Wa 
ltiiiati what does the word t'bonnehu mean? Said E. b. 
TJ. ptD ISSiani taai p'"n (taking n as radical, as if im- 
perat. of a verb pn, denom. of pn) it means, I might 
suppose, he must mix it up like straw in clay (v. infra). 
Said A. to him frt Wa 13313ni tY'X if so, then it ought 
to read (in the Sifra) yithbonennu (third person). But 
said A. (taking it fr. tlSS) f 1333 132)2)1 taji I might suppose, 
he shall heap the salt upon it like a building (a pile). 
Said E. to him, frt iSaTa 15331 )-|"X then it ought to 
read yibnennu. But said E. (you must correct the Sifra 
so as to read) WOln taai (corr. imran) thou shalt make 

it savory ftraa WO 13 )fp he shall put a taste 

into it as does understanding into a man, v. dSH. [Yalk. 

Lev.. 464:. titan .... tjiui pna istani taji inssni ixa 

wnsn taji . . . taa insai n"K . . . f 333 i3u»i taai ...... taa 

.nsiaa bsa la in* taji .. .— Ar.ed.Koh.: inisan taji 

. . . Biaa pna (titaa ta-tn) utani iia* .... m^an ixa 
bs»a la ini biai, correct: 'ai in* ins^an bis\] 

jro/. *1) faitl (cmp. Iiain, s. v. Iia) (denomin. of 'pa) 
• to mediate, to be interpreter. Ab. Zar. Ill, 5 (45 a ) i3K 
■jiSSV 1pi« (v. Eabb. D. S. a. 1. note 8) let me be thy 
interpreter (let me explain what you mean) '31 blpa ta , 
(the words 'SI Qiltin ta, Deut. XII, 2, are explanatory) 
wherever thou findest a high mountain &c, know there 
must be an idol. [In the version '21 pats n^nx iJX, 
paist is used as a part, of a verb fax, denomin. of fa, to 
act as a mediator or interpreter.] . 2) fan (b. h.) to 
perceive, make intelligible, esp. to find analogies (between 
two cases). 131 "pna 131 'n prop, to bring out one thing 
from between another, i. e. to form a conclusion by 
analogy. Sabb. 31 a '31 nn33tl hast thou cultivated thy 
mind to conclude &c. (ref. to n»1 Is.XXXIII,6). Snh.93 b ; 
a. fr. Hag.n,l(ll b ) insia faa ban (notfaai, v. Eabb. 
T>. S. a. 1. note) a student able to speculate by himself, 
a thinker.— Ib. 13 a hot. tattina f 3a ,1M speculated over 
the hashmal (Ezek. I, 27); a. fr. 

Eithpo. a. Nithpo. IJiann, IJl'ans to understand one's 
self, to be careful, to reflect. B. T Kam.27 b bi3113 piannb 
to look around on roads (to be prepared for something 
in their way against which they might strike). Gen. E. 
s. 34 1313n3 *iro pil the word pil (he built, Gen. VIII, 20) 
may be read vayaben, i. e. he reflected, argued. 

■p3, 1*13 ch. same; v. infra.— Pa. f?3, fa to teach, 
make' wise. Targ. Ps. OXIX, 27. Targ. Job XXXH, 8. 
Ib. v. 9 S3H 1-13131 explain the law (ed. Vienn. f3i3i, Pe., 
understand). 

Ithpe. fans to reflect upon, to understand. Targ. Job, 
XXXII, 12.' Ib. XXVIII, 23; a. fr. 



Ithpol. isiainx to be considerate, cautious. Lam. B. to 
I, 16, beg., v. 'tta: 

T3 m., only in constr. "pa, "Mia (b. h. ; preoed., cmp. 
"pia, ^83) something split, or placed between; prep. 
between, among.— b . . . p3 px there is no difference betw. 
. . . and . . . Meg. I, 5; a. fr.— rffiBaffln "pa (abbr. B"ri3) 
at twilight, dusk; v. ^a. Ab. V, 6; a. fr.— . . . 'a . . . '3 

both ...as well as B. Kam. IV, 3; a. fr.— Yeb. 23 a 

'31 lb d^laii* '3 whether the law says to thy father . . ., 
or &c. Koh. E. to VII, 11 '31 SfA "m "pa owing to the 
difference between vay (woe) and vdh (ah), B. J. escaped. 
■ — SOia'b iS^aa: d"<*i31 private affairs concerning him (the 
husband) and her (the wife). Ned.79 b ; a.fr.— Dm. b^STa, 
d^aa, fiiifrspa, d^raa (for dinisia) between two, among, 
amid. Gen. B. s. 4 d^wai a^a in the very centre. 
Y. Ber. II, 5 b top. Y. Maasr. I, beg. 48 e TOaa Via take 
from what is between the two, i. e. qualifications com- 
mon to both ; a. fr.— Constr. -1313. Nidd. 67 b )m^ ripb&a 
intervening between; a. fr. 

1 n 2 ch., usu. pi. ijia ch. same. Targ. Gen. I, 6; a. fr. 
—Hull. 114 s ; Sabb. 132 b X^3iaa tfinx from between the 
two (from both cases combined) it may be concluded.— 
l!Tp3i3 i|*a (abbr. 3"a) wherein do they differ? X31JS 
lfi^a (ahbr. a"») they differ as to . . . B. Mets. 15 15 ; 
a. v. fr.- — "^ai iJia a) in the-meantime. Yeb. 71 b ; a. fr.— 
b) tf/*e difference between (these and other goods). Bets. 7 a ; 
a. fr.— Hull. 47 a '31 '3 Nlfifi a case (of an abnormal lobe) 
between the normal lungs. [Targ. Am. IX, 9 Waa, Var. 
Waa, read i"i' , 3 h aa from between its. meshes.] 

W^I, JSirO^Zlf. ch.=h. ftpa. Targ.Ps.XLlX, 4. 
Targ. T Job XII, 12; 13; v. &OT3. 

X^lilll m. (v. P. Sm. 519) tamarisk, (comment.: 
willow). *Gitt. 68 b '31 KJiailttJ (perh. a tautography of 
MiaTHB?). 

i$y% III m. (pa, cmp. pa) a thin thing, hair; -a 
Xia1 T (cmp. xaiJ) leech. PL 1313. Gitt. 69 b . [Sabb. 67 a , 
v. Nhrai a. II.] Cmp. arppa. 

nj'3 f. (b. h.; "pa) intelligence, wisdom. Nidd. 45 b 
(play on "pil, v. pa Hithpa.) the Lord has given to woman 
fntii '3 greater (earlier maturity of) judgment. Ber. 10 a 
'3 dlpa3 at the place of understanding (near the heart) ; 
a. fr. 

"O'l".!! m. (p3) central, mean (between extremes), 
average. Y. Sabh. I, 2 d bot. '31 rb ab neither wet, nor 
dry, but between the two (moist). 'S d*lX a man of 
average strength. Y. Ber. I, 2 C bot.; a. fr.— Sot 42 b '3 
lififcOtt) the middle betw. his brothers (the third of five). 
— PI. bij'tria, d^313ia. Lev. B. s. 30 fiSinatt i3i3ia people 
of the middle class, opp. ibVtt; Koh. B. to IX, 7 bi313i3ri; 
Tank. Emor 22 Wia (corr. ace.). B. Hash. 16 b 'a those 
between the very good and the very bad; a. fr. — Fern. 
rrtiSia. Gitt. V, 1, a. fr. (sub. STUD) a field of average 
fertility; betw. niYW a, rYnian.— Y. Taan. I, 64 a bot. 
Oft the intermediate rainy season.- — Y. Ber. V, 9 C bot. 



there are three things of which too much or too little 
is obnoxious FTS"' IFpsisiai but a reasonable quantity 
good. Kel.XVII, 7; a.fr.— PA rWJl'Sia. lb. 10 O IVl were 
mean cubits; Y. Shek. VI, 49 d top rWSab S*1S1; Y. Sot. 
VHI, 22 c bot. niil3i33 (corr. ace). 

^rj^" 1 ^ f.=K3p3I. Targ.IIEsth.1,2, beg. taA M3tl. 

Np n 3 pr. n. m. Binza. Bets. 28 b (Ms. M. X3btl; v. 
Babb.'D. S. a. 1. note). 

^;n, v. pa ch. 

^y% pi. of xpaili, a. of «nsia. 

\^y% )":T^.> ^.T^. m - P 1 - CP 3 ) intervals, empty 
spaces between the rows of vine. Y. Kil. IV, 29 c top (B. 

s. to Kil. IV, 5 twa). ib.beg.29 a , v. pa*ia. Cmp. armra. 
]^T 3, )]??!, v. "033. 

Stfrf^S f. (cmp. Npalll; P. Sm. 520) binitha; 1) a 
small fish '(collect.). B. Kam. 19 b '3 bosn tnan an ass 
that swallowed fish (something unusual). B. Mets. 79 b 
bot. i6pn fWlbfct '3 according to the size of its belly 
is the weight of fish (if you buy by weight, have the 
belly first removed; diff. in Ar.). lb. 59 b bot. (prov.) if 
one has a hanged one in his family, say not in his 
presence '^3 tppt hang the fish up; Yalk. Ex. 349 Stroma 
(corr. ace); ib. Lev. 617 Sttroa. Gitt. 69* (maso.l) '31 '3 W 
let him take fish and roast it in the smithy.— Bets. 28 a 311) 
xrraa (Var. NrpjS'ra pi., SrWO, v. Babb.D. S. a. 1. note 9). 
—2) name of a worm. Mace. 16 b K313 til '3 (Ms. M. 
KrYfla) a worm found between cabbage. [Sabb. 139 b '3 
some ed., v. SttV«:ns.]— 3) hair; v. Xhpail. 

&CP"Q transp.of X33ia=X33 "Q, v. S33 a. SrlSS. Cmp. 
Syr. X3 T 313=Xb313 P. Sm.' 465; 471. 

*" I D3" I 2, Y. Taan. Ill, 66 c bot., read JW3pa(?). 

TQ% rO^S, v. ^a, pa. 

J^rO^ understanding, v. SMTal. 

&Srp"Q I f. collect, noun, or sthpa pi. (v. rlpa) tte 
wm'de jiwif, whence if^e kernel of seeds. B. Bath. 18 b bot. 
'33 is* as to the grains (of mustard). Gitt. 69 b IrVTPJ 
'aa let him guard against swallowing the seeds. Sabb. 67 a 
S01a3 131a Ms. M. (ed. iJia) cumin seeds. 

Stfirt]^II(xnWaAr.s.v. p32) f. (v. Spain) thread, 
a single hair, (collect.) hair. Targ. Jud. XX, 16 nra 
!**1»1B.— Sabb. 140 a ^fflSIl '3a from the hah- of my head. 
Naz. 39 a '31 S3piS the root of the hair, Ol 'ffiHI the top 
of &c— Yoma 69^ '31 '3 tsiafrtBi* (Ms. M. rttVM) a hair 
of his beard fell out. Ber. 8 a '31 '3 bnfflaa (ed. xmn) as 
easy as taking a hair out of the milk. — PI. 1313. Sabb. 67 a 
seven cumin seeds (v. preced.) and XSpila '3 1 seven 
hairs from the beard— Srlpa. Targ. Job IX, 17 'a iBlfi 
(h. text STlSiB 1). 

dwiv.^a. 



StfD"Q c. (MK&1S ia) 6asw for kneading the meat- 
offering. ' Men. !*■} 24 al >. lb. 57 b ima ffiVrai '5 a basin in 
which, to knead. 

!tf&"Q pr. n. m. Y. Gitt. IT, 46 a top, read St&iS. 

1 & 1 1 thorns (Ar.), v. Kb^a. 

*" 1 &' 1 3 f. (Sin, v. , W?a) fo-ay for wine cups. Lam. 
B. to III,' 17 'SI '31 '3 to '•)» Ar. (ed. b^BB) from each 
tray (which was handed around) one cup. 

DO'S Pi. of bb3. [Freq. ineorr. for b&">3, v. bbla.] 

fqtfa, v. i«tti. 

kOt^S pr. n. m. Bisna. Keth. 100 a ; a. e. V. !S»">3. 

5<j5"l?l&' 1 2, '03 c. C=«t5^PtoN; 15, Ithpe. noun of 
plb) receptacle of hackled or hatcheled wool, whence 
mattress, cushion. B. Kam. 117 a O in Ms. B. (ed. Sin 
fern.).— PZ. T7?TS> 'b3. Targ. Y. Dent. XXXIV, 6 "SS 
FlVva (not '33) with fine woolen mattresses. — B. Kam. I.e. 
Bekh. 8 b . Taan. 21 b bot. 1 inb "pKa Ar. (ed. -|a) laid 
down before them mattresses (to sleep on). Teb. 63 a . 
Snh. 95 a . B. Bath. 58 a (=60111*1 iXrfiSn in an enigma). 

$% m. rejoicing; v. Nnsi3 II. Targ. Is. XVI, 10; 
a. e. (Var. S?S ineorr.). 

Xr3'(^3),part.f.ofm 

a?^i, rtfa, *wzi, ans>2 f . ch . ( =h. ***-, 

313) e^-. Targ. Job VI, 6; a. fr. — Y. Ned. Ill, 38 a top 
(Y. Shebu. Ill, 34 d bot. pilb, corr. ace.) JWV&nal '3 1153 
as e. g. one swearing of an egg that it was a pearl (as 
an instance of 1p<B nsiaffi). Yoma 69 b tfaf tl3 '3 a fresh 
egg of the same day; a. fr.— PL ps^a, SW3, isi|, 'S3. 
Targ. 0. Deut. XXII, 6 (Y. piTO); a. fr.— Keth. 61 a top. 
Bets. 6 b sq. imsi '3 the eggs of a cackling hen, opp. 
those found in the killed hen. lb. N13111 '3 eggs from 
a hen impregnated by a cock, opp. Kjnsrta jo&bl '3 by 
friction on the ground. Hull. 93 a Knbiffln '3, v. sVnlJfl. 
Sabb. 109 a '3 1S1&S1& beaten eggs.— Lev. B. s. 16 ; a/fr.— 
!*nsia b33 pi to buy (the hen) with all the eggs, i. e. to 
do a thing thoroughly. Lev.B.s. 11 ; Ruth B. (introd.) to 
I, 2; Esth. B. beg. !*ni3 (corr. ace); v. MSia. 

IQl^S m. (»S>3) stamping, kick. B.Kam.l9 a . [Targ. 

is. LXinj 3, v. aisa.] 

"W3. m. (15>3) removal. Maas. Sh. V, 3; Shebi. 
VII, 1, a.fr. (removal of the fruits of the third and sixth 
years of the Sa - bbath period).— fan '3, v. ISa Pi.— PI. 
piwa. Y. Hall. IV, 60 a bot. '3b as to laws of removal 
of fruits. 

iCfi^S ch. 1) same. Pes. 6 b .— 2) clearing, taking 
off the last 'olives. Targ. Is. XVH,6; XXIV, 13 (h. S)pb). 

NiTO 1 ^ m. (v. SttttWa) fright. Targ. Job VI, 4; 
a, e.—Pl. )W1 Targ'. Is. XXI, 4; a. e. 

Nrt?3, NflFE egg, v. J^3. 



fcttlSpIJ} rejoicing, v. &ttWan. Targ. Ps. XXXII, 7. 

SSfVinSpit f. (ra3;=b. h. nnsa) /W#«, v. ara^a. 

Pes. 3 ab b'^ail '3 fear of falling down from the camel's 
back; tfiMn '3 fear of the night. Sabb. 41 a StlhSI '3 
fear of being drowned. Gitt. 68 b n^STD O h^ nin he 
was afraid of him. Sot. 20 1 * fear (Kins) detains the blood 
(menstruation), '31 'a sudden fright loosens (produces 
menstruation). Nidd. 71 a . 

*"pS, pi. b^a Mus., v. yytn. Y. Kidd. 1, 58 d . 

aspa, pi. m , v. ma. 

n2sp3 swamp, v. nsa. 

l"l2p3 f. (b. h,; 'pa, pasa) l) [the bubbling,] egg. 
Bets. I, l"; a. fr.— Sabb. VIII, 5 (80 b ) tiip '3 a light (easily 
boiling) egg.— 2) an egg-shaped object, ball, lump. lb. 
Iijn STOpa Ar. (ed. Y<bh) cement (lime) in a lump; Tosef. 
ib. VIII (IX), 20 nsfattJ Ian, Var. n2t33 tons), when it 
is as compact as a. ball, opp. b13tt. — Par. V, 6; Lev. 
B. s. 23, end b^12T>n n2">3 the potter's lump' of clay. 
— 3).trnsf. germ, root, esp. '3 SpSp to stamp out, to ex- 
terminate (the last germ). Y. Ab. Zar. IV, 44 a top. Lev. 
B. s. 26. Ib. s. 11; Buth E. (introd.) to I, 2; Esth. B. 
beg.; v. SBpa pi.— 4) Betsah, name of aTalmudic treatise, 
beginningwiljh that word (in Tosefta 31b faf).— PZ.bTSia, 
d">23, constr. 1213. Sabb. VIII, 5; a. fr.— Ab.Zar.3 11 ; a. e. 
bTO is'tt, v. n|i3.— Y. Snh. XI, 30 b bot., [read as] Cant. 
B. to II, 5 )HO bn b">23 ifilfflrte scrambled eggs are here, 
i. e. confusion of persons. Y.Shebi.V,35 d bot. bijra rtlBS 
a. nai3 niUS if the leek has formed bulbs. Ib. VII, 37 b 

bot. abn p 1213, v. psain. 

5 ! I22* I 1S1 m. (SSa) adjustment, compromise (usually 
niBQ). s'nh.6 a . Y.ib.i, i8 b ; a. e.— [PZ. p^a^a, v. rwsa.] 

^^^S, 5<Pi? n Zl m. (saa)2>«'ece, morsel, crumb.— PI. 
pSJilSia, ^SlS^a, ISSia. Targ. O.Lev.II, 6; a. e— Sabb. 140 b 
'3 5>23ib Xb he must not eat it by morsels (but enough 
at a time). Succ. 26 a W3 fbn IK VfT\ Ms. M. (ed. W3, 
v. Bashi a. 1.) two or three morsels. 

"1^13 (-,23 Pi.) besieging, trnsf. (by play on 1S3 
Ps. XVIII, 7) beseeching, entreaty. Deut. B. s. 2, beg. 
(in Yalk.Sam.157 our w. omitted; Talk. Deut. 811 123). 

fctPrarS, v. tnroi a. xriT2a. 
^n!S^^ pi. of mvt% 

RTH^'Zl f. of 1^23, the lowest. Targ.Y.Ex.XI,5. 

n 1 ^" 1 ^, D^IS f. (v. .123) dyke-boat, lighting boat, 
Babylonian name for Palestinean IVWi. B. Bath. 73 a ; 
Tosef. ib. IV, 1 '13; T. ib. V, beg. 15 a "13 (v. Babb. D. 
S. to B. Bath. 1. c, note 5). 

Stfrra'S, fctrfffia ch. same. PI. snsrepa, xn^a, 

'iia. b"! Bath. 73 aX ed." "13 (Ms. M. '13, Ar. xnii213); T S T abb. 
101 a "jlUial /h 3 the canal boats of Meshan. 



fcCS" 1 ^, pi. 12S13 morsels, v. XSISiia. 
^2%-)^T2 ditches, v. WZZ. 

*^^" 1 S m. (ppa) incisions in muddy ground. Sabb. 
147 a bot. Ar. s. v. tte (Ms. 0. Spin, ed. Xpi&), v. SalV*. 

^J?" 1 ^, l^lpS m. (Spa) 1) splitting, chopping. Kel. 
XIII, 3 '3 ma that part of the spade (or shovel) which 
is used for chopping. lb. XXIX, 7; Y. Meg. I, 71 b top 
'3 bli) dlllp an axe for chopping, opp. 11)1513 bffl (a hoe) 
for weeding ; Y. Ned. IV, beg. 38" iSpa *>ti) dllllp (corr. 
ace'.).— 2) (v. Spa) trimming the (olive) tree. Sifra B'har, 
beg. 

"ftp^S m. (Ipa) 1) examination, investigation. Pes. 
96 a ; Arakh. 13 b ; Men. 49*> '3 'jlSB requires examination 
(as to physical defects). Hull. II, 3 (32 a ) "3 TS as much 
time as the examination (of the slaughtering knife) re- 
quires; ib. 9 a ; [ib. 32 a bSh *«B 11pi3, read dSfi 11pi3 or 
bl» illpia]. Kerith. ll a (ref. to rtlpa Lev. XIX, 20) -33 
rtMh she must first be examined (whether she can endure 
the punishment required by law).— 2) visiting (the sick), 
visit. Ned. 39 b 'SI ^X trfjin '3 the duty of visiting the 
sick knows no limits (of time or rank). B. Mets. 30 b ; 



2n'11p ) ' 1 3, pS f.(b.h.h1pa, v.preced.) 1) examination, 
assessment. '3 max a public announcement inviting buyers 
to examine the property assessed, i. e. an announcement 
of public safe=iTj13!*. Keth.XI, 5 (99 b ); a. fr.— V. tF\m. 
—2) (b. h. punishment). Kerith. ll a (ref. to Lev. XIX, 20) 
rtplb aWraJ laba rtirtrt '3 there shall be bikkoreth, this 
teaches that she shall be lashed. 'SI SOttJ^ '3 'jilrtl piSial 
how do we know that this bikkoreth has the sense of 
chastisement? Answ.rtitfilpa Xrtrt ...Kashi(ed.iX1pS)she 
shall have the Bible verses read to her (as customary 
when chastising in court, v. Mace. Ill, 14); oth. homilet. 
interpret. Xrtn 11pia3,v. preced. [Tosef. M. Kat. II. 11 
mipi3 ed. Zuck., v. rtllpa.] 

^P" 1 ^ f. (vicia, p(xiov) vetch, Y. Maasr. V, end, 52 a . 
Tosef. lb.'lll, end Xipa. Y. Hall. IV, 60 b rtiipa. 

" ! 3?p 1 D, Y. Ned. IV, beg. 38 c , v. Slpia. 

fcClp'O, Ab.Zar. 28 I >, v. Kp/iaH. 

NsHp^S, v. xsipa. 

"PS m. (=13) son. Targ. Y. Ex. I, 15; a. e— Ber.5 1 '; 
B. Bath. 116 a this is the bone (tooth) '3 rtKIUDSH of the 
tenth son (that died).— PI. constr. ilia. Targ. Y. Num. 
XXXIH, 31 sq. NhpS '3 (h. text. p5>i 133 !). 

TQ, JSTIl c.ch. l)=h.1X3. Targ. Gen. XVI, 14; a. e. 
Ber. 56 a . 'Sb ?&31 Ti» i3rt 13 '^p&S iS3i» Ms. M., thy 
goods will be sought for like something fallen into a well 
(i. e. thy business will thrive ; diff.vers. in ed. a. Mss., v.Babb. 



D. S. a. l.note). Sabb. 66 b db XniB b&3 Dyer's Madder, 
as a remedy, has fallen into the pit (is not practiced). B. 
Kam. 92 b (prov.) 'SI rtirtlBI '3 cast no stone into a well 
out of which thou once didst drink (never despise what 
once benefitted you).— Hull. 106 a Mnlia Ha a little gutter 
fed bya well.— Pl.^TI, *T&- Targ. Gen. XXVI, 15 ; a.e.— 
2) (=h. 113) pit, hole. B. Mets. 85 a 'SI toba -3 ... the 
cavity (created by the taking out of a radish) stood full 
of water; [Ms.M. Jfol '3 is like a well; v. Eabb. D. 8. 
a. 1. note].— PI. as above. Targ. Gen. XIV, 10 (h. text 
niTXa); Gen. E. s. 42.— Snh. 7 a (prov.) 'SI "3 311) seven 
pits are open for the righteous man (and he escapes), 
and one for the evil-doer (into which he falls). Sabb. 110 b . 
—3) sn^a pr. n. pi. Bera (prob. ident. with Wrs 2, a), 
native "place of E. Simlai. Y. Taan. II, 65 d bot. '!» "1 
IT; Y. Meg. I, 72 c bot. '31; Koh. B. to III, 14 K1H1131 

lH£}% fP^S m.(v. next v,.) of Berai, surname 
of TJlll. T M.' Kat. 26 a ; a. fr.— Y. Meg. II, 73 b ; Y. M. Kat. 
Ill, 83 b bot. XJ^a. 

^"]%, ^T% ''T? f - (denom. of lia, 1X3) 1) wfer- 
im^ 1 station, esp. in Palestine for Temple pilgrims. — P/. 
Hiltfyra, rflniia, Wlia. Erub. II, 1 ; a. fr. Y. ib. 20 b top 
niTtl^ &6l "w-rat (read Wiliab j6l MniiSb) for water- 
ing stations but not for cisterns; v. Bab. ib. 18 a .— 2) pr. 
n. pi. Berai or Beri ; a) in Galilee. Yeb. 83 b . B. Mets. 
84b h ^ a h:n the inhabitants of B. (Ms. M. "pla 13 133). 
Y.Pes. IV, 30 d top. Y. Shebi.VI, 36 c top anal HH3 (a 
border-town); (v., however, Hildesh. Beitr. z. Geogr. 
p. 21).— b) B. or Be-B. in Babylon, native place of Ulla, 

E. Dostai, a. oth. Ab. Zar. 40 a . Erub. 56 a trt anuria 
'SI '3 the ascents between Berai a. Narash. Sot. 10 a ">3 
11X3. Erub. 45 a 'iTO. [Hull. 127 a 11)151 11313, read 13 
11)131 1113.] 



'pblTQ, read i^aiia. 



iTTS f. (b. h.; 113, as n^ia fr. Md; cmp. nilia) 
cut off, surrounded, whence 1) castle, fort. Gen. B. s. 39; 
a. fr.— 2) a group of buildings forming one residence. 
B. Bath. 61 b rtVm '33 nia a house in a large residence 
(court). Bets. 25 a '331 'pni&BS; (ib. 24 a M1i33'»3); v. 
rT4)ta 1, 2.— 3) (=lnlinan rV3, 1 Ohr. XXIX, 1 ; 1 9) the chosen 
Divine residence, Temple. Zeb. 119 a '3 i$3 Xiil doe's it 
not require a chosen residence (Deut. Xn, 18)? Y. Pes. 
II, 35 a top 'SI Irt ^S the whole Temple mount is named 
Birah; Pesik. B. s. 14. Zeb. XII, 5 (104 b ) '3fl ni33; v. 
Gem. a. 1. — Yoma 9 b 'art SSiTS your witness is the Second 
Temple (which has not been rebuilt; Y, ib. I, 38 c bot. 

niinan). Ed. vn, 3 xiisn niia (Ms. M. 'nisrt) Fort 
Haflaya(?).— P/.nilia. Bets. 24 a , v. supra. Zeb. 11 9 a 11)^11) 
'SI '3 there are three Divine residences, Shiloh &c. Ch. 

Nrilia.— Denom. "jiiia. 

TV2, Y. Pes. IV, 30 d top, read ilia, v. iXlia. 

1 1 l Pil, in"13. f. pi. cypress trees; sing. Xrtiia, v. 

s*ma. 



T^ma 



"yOlTS m. (fJrjp&XXiov) beryll, a precious stone. 
Targ." Job XXVIII, 16. lb. 18 (some ed. T^ttHS q. v., 
Ms. Var. ywn&). Targ. Y. II Ex. XXVIII, 19 ybfVZ 
(corr. ace). V. !*Vlia. 

DI'T'S m. (birrus, pEppo?) birrus, a travelling cloak, 
v. 'p&'-a. ' Tosef. Meg. IV (III), 30 ftlfS, Sm (oorr. 

fTPS, IpTfi m. CpS) heaping, crowding. PI. 
DWIia, "pS-llia, '13. Men. 88 a '5 or nrian iSllia the 
quantities' which remain, when filling from a brimful 
measure into smaller ones. Y. Shek.IV,48 a bot. '3^ goes 
to the collection of &c. lb. rib iSllia the remnants of 
the overflow of liquids, U53i '3 those of dry things emptied 

^■ffiTil m. ch. (J5thiop. 113 pX, v. Ges, H. Diet, 
s. v. ttipa) chrystal. Xarg. Job XXVIH, 18 ; v. y^ma. 

"iTTa, "I'nS m. (113) 1) clearness, correct sense. 
Yalk. Ps. 658 fi^Jrt ^>ffl '3 (cmp. ilia) the true sense of 
the law.— 2) PI. yiwa, la arbitration. B. Mets. I, 8, 
a. e. '3 ilBttJ documents referring to the choice of ar- 
)aip; [anoth. opin. ib. 20 a NWSB HB1B 



records of evidences, minutes of 
3) rvrtah 11113 exact account oftvine measures, whence, 
the surplus in the shopkeeper's wine account arising from 
measuring quickly and not allowing the wine to settle 
in the measures. Bets. Ill, 8 (29 a ) ed. (properly omitted 
in Ms. M., v. Bashi a. 1. ; Var. in Bashi Ms. 12113). Ib. 29 a 
three hundred gereb (v. 311) of wine 'an '3a from the 
surplus found in his account. 

fbyrs, v. yvina. 

"'TQ, v. 1X113— [11^3, Hull. 139 b , v. 11131.] 

Stf* 1 "]* 1 ^ I, v. 'trniia a. frnia. 

&^T2 II m. pi. (p(p>a, pi. of pfp>ov) birrus, a kind 
of cloak, V. yCtta. Y. Kil. IX, 32 d top quoted in B. S. to 
Kil. IX, 7 (ed. h'i13, corr. ace). 

arurrs, v. anmia. 

FTTH, XTfe f. creature, v. n;ia. 

)VT?1, K3i T T3 m. palace-guard, v. '13. 

"""Til, v. istiia. 

^TP^ P r - n - m - Biryi, an Amora. Y. Ter. X, 47 b 
bot.' (Hull. 98 a dii1i3). Y. Pes. II, end, 29 c (Asheri to 
Pes. H, s. 13, quotes i&OS). 

TFrrb, v. ™iia. 

d^rn, v. iiiia. 

llDn" 1 " 1 "!^, Y.Snh.II,20 a top, read piiliS, v.Kiiia. 



fctlEP'Til pr. n. pi. Beresha (prob. Baris), in the 
territory "of *Buben. Targ. Y. Num. XXXII, 37 (h. text 

t)irPlp). 

n^TIl or rfH^Sl f. (ni3, cmp. hiia) something cut 
out; ring', hoop. Tosef.Kel.BJffiets.V,7 n'linB nilian !s3 
n'»»B nffinina ni13 ed. Zuck. (Var. fiilia, rYllia) every 
thing cut in circular form is clean (not susceptible of 
levitical uncleanness), except the hoop of the plough 
(cmp. SiaiiTl ibid.). — Esp. knee-band, garter. Sabb.VI, 4. 
Ib. 63 b "3 of the Mishnah is the Biblical ni5!2K. Y. ib. 
VI, 8 b 'SI Kirtffl )Q 'i3 it is called birith when single, 
Kbalim, when the two bands are coupled with a chain. 
[Ar. ed. Koh. "13, oth. ed. Fliia. Cmp. Assyr. birltu chain, 
Schr. KAT 542.] 

V&Vn, tKETpZ, v. wia, araia. 

SiH" 1 ^ knee, shoot, v. Tpa. 

iO"!" 1 !!!, fcOH^H m. (|3r]puAXoO beryll, a precious 
stone, prob. the Ohrysoberyll or yellow emerald (h. brtB). 
Targ. 0. Ex. XXVIII, 9; 20; a. e— Targ. Cant. V, 14 
(some ed. Kbia).— PI. y>113. Targ. Esth. 1,4— V. yVllia. 
— Targ. Y. Ex. XXXIX, 13 V&n riblia sand-colored beryll. 
Ib. (I) XXVHI, 20 itfsfi nvVliai, prob. to be read 'pallia 
&&H1; Ib.(II)xriVlia(corr.acc.). [Ex.E.s.38,endyp*I*1B, 
prob. a corrupt, of our w., cmp. LXX]. 

D™l a pr. n. pi. Biram, also called Beth Baltin. B. 
Hash. 23 ab , a signal station for announcing the New Moon 
(betw. Syria and Mesopotamia, Neub. Geogr. p. 354). 
Kidd. 72 a .— Snh. 108 a Ol ifiai BtSISl Ms. M. (ed. mr&\, 
corr. ace.) the Great (hot) Spring of B.; v. Hildesh. Beitr. 
z. Geogr. p. 29, note 206. 

lfi~j% v. WWTO. 

rT'JTil f. (b. h.; denom. of niia) 1) castle, palace. 
Pes. l'l8 T|> (Ms.M. 2 niia).— PI. rvftllia Ibid, (description 
of Borne; v. Babb. D. S. a. 1. for Var. Lect.).— 2) (cmp. 
"(■iiia) a palace-woman, court-lady. — PI. as supra. Lev. 
B. s. 19 '=1 '3 aUDin (Yalk. Kings 249 '3 bUDl) he placed 
court ladies in Jerusalem (forced them to leave home 
and serve at the palace) ; '3 ina what is meant by (why 
are they named) biraniyoth? "31 pus pna (not pus), 
he laid a trap for them, he caught them (ensnaredthem). 

ItfFpTa ch.=preced. 1). Targ. Esth. I, 2 (h. text 
hlian); a. ft.— PI. Sttjillia, '13; constr. riiJIia. Targ.Ps. 
XLVin, 4 (h. text yalX).' Targ. Am. Ill, 9 iVltb&O hiiia (!). 
—Targ. Y. Lev. XXV, 29 yilia masc. (some ed.'y'lliia) 
fortified places. 

NSTE m. (pa) brim. PI. &012113. Ab. Zar. 74 b 
>iniiS1iax inb dififfi (some ed. '113X) and sealed the kegs 
on their brims. [Gitt. 69 b KS113, some ed., v. X213.] 

SSJ2"] 1 ? pr. n. pi. Birka, in Babylon. Kidd. 7 2 a , v. Xrilia. 

Npl^i, Ab.Zar. 28 b O xrtina, v. Xpiail, 2. 

. NrfT! f. well, v. 113. 



?$rrP;il f . ch.=h. fTTa Ezra VI, 2. Targ.IIEsth.IX,6, 
v. JtmVa ; a. e.-Ereq. asm- »• P 1 - -Po*"'- T. Ber. II, 5 a top trpa 
'=1 Mia the royal fort of Bethlehem; (Lam. E. to I, 16, 
end JKTO tniS). Pesife. Shim. p. 117 a ; Yalk. Jer. 263 15 
fialB '5. S-ma taWn (read SttfHa) when a capital declines, 
it is still called the Capital.— Sot. 38 b •nifflDI '3 (illrVUBI) 
theEort of Shihori. Y.Ab. Zar. V,44 d fipT* rWQ (Bab. 
ib. 31 a Spi-iCi rmi (not STO; Ms.- M. ">p1i& 'a) Eort 
Sirikah in Samaria. Kidd. 72 a SfiBbl '3; ib. ni51 O Ms. 
Qxf. (ed. only X^y%) opprobrious by-names of Babylo- 
nian places (v. Graetz Messene, in Progr. of Bresl. Jew. 
Semin. 1879) ; a. fr. [T. Peah. VII, 20 a bot. Stratum 'a, 
v. SWnlia.]— [PI. Kn^a(?). Targ. Prov. I, 21, prob. to be 
read'semia str eels', v. Nold. Mand. Gr. p. 17.] 



prrPS m. pi., v. s*rra. 

nTn"Q f. (v. preced. art.) of ' Birtha.- 
Z. Pes! ill," 30 a , v. Waaip. 



-PI. r 



ID" 1 ^, I, 'fctC 1 ^ m. (v. B>i&G).&ai, wrong (of persons 
and deeds); also ill, sick. Targ. Gen. VI, 5; a. v. fr — 
Lev.B.s.22 (prov.) '51 "& aa when thou hast done good 
to a bad man, thou hast done evil (to thyself). B. Kam. 
115 a Xffltl yjh Hanan, the bad man.— B. Mets. 75 b bot. "ST 
'51 rrt> he who fares badly in one place ; a. fr.— PI. y^a, 
8F&IS, tfto&iz. Targ. Gen. XIII, 13 ; a.v.fr.— SWl^a freq. 
the sick. Koh. B. to IV, 6 Ob fcttb&al and distributes 
(the apples) among the sick.— Y. Bets. I, 60 c bot. Klpaa 
'fflia (not 'ffiwa) to visit the sick.— Eem. Xffiia, KPn^a 
1) (adj.) bad; 2) (noun) evil, wickedness, illness. Targ. 
Gen. XXXVII, 20 ; a. fr. — Ib. VI, 5, a. fr. nttjia constr. 
— Sabb. 129 a '31 ^a '3 can bad be good? Y. ib. XIV, 14 c 
bot. '51 Xfffliab aa (vinegar is) good for a sore, but bad 
for a sound tooth. Lev.B.s.33, beg., from it (the tongue) 
comes the good 'a na^ai and from it the evil; a. fr. — 
PL xniijia, 8MTOT3, y^a.— Targ. Gen. XXVIII, 8 (ed. 
Vien. a JWa, corr. ace); a. fr.— Snh. 7 a happy is he 
who hears (himself insulted) and keeps silence rtl&bn 
SlXa trVWQ (corr. SfllB'ti IhlS^n, v. Eabb. D. S. a. 1. 
note 7) a hundred evils pass by him (he escapes &c); 
a. fr. 

l^BlI, "2 "l£>3 pr.n. pi. K'far Bish, prob. Capha- 
rabis in upper Idumtea. Lam. R. to II, 2; Gitt. 57 a . 

^a, rwzrn, mt&z, 'i^aa f. (^d d bad 

quality. Targ. Jer. XXIV, 2; a. e. — 2)' wickedness, evil. 
Targ. 0. Gen. XXXI, 52; a. fr.— Sabb. 156 a *& am one 
quality on the bad side; Ob iVd all bad. Lam. B. to 1,1 
(inai) '51 WtiS lliya (not i<iy<D) have I done wrong that 
I &c? Pesik. Zakh. p. 24 b [read twice:] X&Kb liizb 
STTfittJia; (Tanh.KiThetse6 fTWl^a, ed.Bub.ib. fT'tWO) 
to repay the bad man his badness. B.Kam. 115 a d&IIBa 
Ob notorious for vice. — Men. 52 a '51 ywiDiaa of our 
shortcomings they speak to them. Ab. Zar. 65 a 'a . . . WS 
the eye which desires to see your misfortune. Keth.25 b ; 
Mace. 5 b nifflia 'X "lb ST«in lift he turned around and 
-ooked at E. E. with displeasure; Pes. 53 b O . . . ima Kffi 
t,Ms. M. 2 a. Oxf. tlima, v. Eabb. D. S. a. 1. note 400). 



— Y. Taan. Ill, 66 c bot. ilWxaa i&TSt KWnal and the 
city perishes in wickedness (by pestilence). 

b#a, ab^ a, v . -im. 

ffi^, .8^2, v. wi-a. 

DtS n 3l, v. btoa,.— Pesik. E. s. 21, read a&%, v 

I^^ ("J©" 1 " 1 !} pr.n. pi. (contr. of )XS Wi, v. ^Bi) 
Beshan (Scythopolis), in Galilee. Y. B. Mets. X, 12 c top 
'51 xpn-n the dwelling houses of B.— Pes. 50 b ytma "M 
(Ms. Oxf. yfl"h, Ms. M. IffliB). 

"^3 ("Ota^D) m. (v. preced.) 1) inhabitant or 
native T of Beshan. Meg.24 b (ed. Win, Ms. M.1S1BS, corr. 
ace.).— PI. ywia. Y. Ber. II, 4 d bot.; (Meg. I. c. i|DSK. 
1S1B mn).— Cloaca. Y. Meg. in, beg. 73 d .— 2) beshani, 
name of a species of olives. Peah VII, 1 an olive called 
'5 . . . . (Ms. M. "iia) beshani. Y. ib. 20 a top iJGI JTW 
'51 BaaO "iaia some would say, it means really a beshani 
(named after Beshan), others would derive its name from 
the fact (v. ttiia) that it shames its neighbor (trees by 
its richness). [Oth, opin. a dry olive, not used for manu- 
facturing oil.] 

antnn, v. aotoa. 
-vcrfcr% m. 

KethJei* 



:d.) fleshy, stout— PI. iiniaia. 



SSritlJ" i a, v. ^aifem., a.HiJia. " 

D ^ JBett, the second letter of the Alphabeth. J. 
Sabb. XVI, 15 c top; a. fr.; v. t)"!>!*.-Y. Ned. Ill, 38 a bot. 
'51 iin rT'^a the Beth (in pns^a Gen.XXl ) i2) intimates 
two, a son that is destined to inherit two worlds. Lev. 
E. s. 19 t)"5 '5 hBIS nnx dS if thou changest the Beth 
into a Kaf ; a. fr.— PI. 'pma. Sabb. 103 b one must not 
write . . "pes ^3 (Ms. M. )ie&) the Beths so as to be taken 
for Kafs.— Chald. strra Cant. E. beg.; a. fr. [Shek. 
Ill, 2 Mish. ed. $rm, read Su^a.] 

TrSl, nS, inf. Ma (sec. r. of !Aia) to go in, lodge, pass 
the night. Dan. VI, 19. Targ. Gen. XXXII, 22; a. fr.— 
Pes. 107 a nna na (Dan. 1. c.) he went to bed without 
tasting food. Snh. 95 a (prov.) '51 Kill na if punishment 
is procrastinated, punishment is gone. Taan.24 b iVl5 in^a 
'51 go ye all to bed fasting. Pes. 42 a imai st^a (Chald. 
transl. of the ambiguous W^tti BTD) water kept in. vessels 
overnight. Ber. 60 b Siaia na he slept in the open field. 
Snh. 63 b .— Ib. 109 s top Mini ISKJ he wanted to stay over 
night; a. e.— Part. hi«a. Targ. Is. LVIII, 5. 

Pa. hi?a same. Erub. 73 a (opp. to taking meals). 

Af. niax to keep over night, postpone burial. Snh. 47 a 
inab n^ n^aa dare one postpone the burial of the dead? 

rPSl m. (b. h.; cmp. preced.; v. Ges. H. Diet. s. v. as 
to various etymological attempts), constr. Ftta, |>& d^Fia. 
1) house, household, home. Yoma ll b trH? mra a 



iw»a 



bayith means a building intended for a dwelling. lib. ia 
lb Vtfi IrVnaW (Var. v. Babb. D. S. a. 1. note) he who 
devotes his house (its contents) to himself exclusively 
(unaccommodating); Arakh. 16 a '31 invattJ *Q. — '3rt bS3 
(abbrev. n"3>3) oamer, landlord; host; private man, opp. 
to trader, artisan &c. Ber. 46 a '31 5>S13 n"S3 the host 
breaks the bread, and the guest says the blessing. Tosef. 
ib. IV, 14 n"53 ill) home-made (bread), opp. 'ppG'fcS; Y. 
ib.VI, 10 b bot.— Sabb. I, 1 n"S3 the donor, opp. W the 
recipient. Gen.B.s.22; a. v.fr.' — 'a "p inmate, attendant. 
Ab. I, 5; a. fr.— 'an bl&S the degraded (slave) of the 
house. Gen. E. s. 70.— 2) Esp. 'a(n) tte Temple. 15S3 
'an in days when the Temple exists, 'an ^33 &6ffl when 
it does not exist. Hull. V, 1; a. fr.— -"TO '3 or "pin St 'a 
the Second Temple. Cant. B. to VIII, 9; a. fr.— '3n in 
Temple Mount, v. "in. — 3) school, college, (collect.) dis- 
ciples; bb.1 ma Hillelites &c. Bets. I, 1 ; a. fr. Treat. 
Sofrim IV, 1 '31 'a btt) those of the house of &c. [T. 
Shebi;II, 33 d bot., a. e. 1 . . mai, usu. til, v. 13].— 4) body. 
Ber. 44 b '51 '3b lb list that human body (Bashi: stomach) 
is to be pitied where vegetables are a constant guest 
(being the only food).— 5) wife. Toma I, 1 '31 It IrVtl 
'his house' — that means his wife. Ib. 13 a IrVtl istb "pi 
SOn but this one (designated for him in case of his 
wife's death) cannot be called 'his house'. Sabb. 118 b ; 
a.fr. — 6) Euphem. pudenda; marital intercourse. Y. Sabb. 
IX, 12 a top; Mikv. VIII, 4 WS nst nfflatU she had inter- 
course. Ib. '3n ns* niaa she washed &c. T. Sot. I, 16= 
bot.nntlb nil&St is forbidden to her husband. Nidd. 5 a 
ilimk llama she hastens to perform her marital duty. 
T. ib. I, beg.48 d . Omp. Iin. — 7) store-house, store-room. 
, Di2X>n rVS wood-room; 'jinn '3 straw-magazine; Ipan '3 
stable; &c. Yoma ll a ; a. fr.' — 8) (geogr.) place, town, in 
compounds (for which see the respective determinants), 
e. g. Kipia '3 Beth-Bukya &c— 9) (anat.) limb, organ, 
in compounds (v. supra 8)), e.g. ns>ib3n'3 oesophagus, &c. 
—10) shed for plants, covering. Shebi.II,4(pl.). T.ib.33 d . 
— Y. Sabb. VII, 10 a . — 11) in compounds, denoting recept- 
acle, cover &c.,. e. g. "Pin '3 inkstand. Tosef. Kel. B. Mets. 
IV, 11; 1"> '3 sleeve, v. ibpsistll, &c— Men. 34 b a. e. cases 
of the T film. 

Chief compounds: ax tva, pi. niax ifia 1) paternal 
home, family. Snh. 38 a 'K "3 ">3t» two families (dynasties) ; 
a.fr.— Tosef. Ter. II, 11 rl13St ira='st '3 iSPISt hereditary 
land-tenants; B. Bath. 46 b .— 2) priest's division. Taan. 
11,6; a.fr.; v.ttJiSSj pi.— 3) origin Of a law, rule kc.; cmp. 
3St II. Cant. B.to 11,4 nabn bffl 'St '3 the origin (principle) 
of a legal rule. Midr. Till, to Ps. CIV, 29 wherever the 
root -1BS1 is used, it means cessation of government, WStl 
'31 bilbttJ 'St '3 and where is the origin (determining the 
meaning) of all of them? (Answ. Jer. LI, 29). Lev.B. s. 1, 
beg. '31 inbllJ 'St '3a from the chief passage (Hagg. 1, 13 
'Haggai, the messenger' &c.) we learn that prophets are 
called messengers (or angels).— ywi rVO (abbr. 1"3) court. 
— instl bisaiB bttJ 1"3 or bTljn Y'3 the Great Sanedrin 
of seventy one members. Snh. I, 5. Y. ib. 19 a bot.; 
a. fr.— ntJli 1"3 court of an odd number of judges. 1"3 
blplB of an even number of judges. Snh 3 b . — tt.fl® 1"3 
a permitting court, opprobrious name of a court too lax 



in religious affairs. Y. Gitt. VII, 48 d top; Y. Nidd. Ill, 50 d 
bot.-[Eor all other compounds not self-evident, v. respect- 
ive determinants.] [in hi3, v. IWa— Gen. B. s. 12 tV3 

ibis, bbis biB ni3, v. st*a.] 

KTPSlI, CTT^a, fctrP?2 oh. I) same. Targ.Ex.XII.3; 
a. v. fr.— Meg. 16 a '31 OB ill woe inside, woe outside ! 
Gen.B.s.32 Stnbpbp '3 Stlrtn that house which is a ruin (a 
Samaritan's designation of the Jerusalem Temple). Y.Snh. 
I, 18 c 5*ibl '3 ^n that house down there (Babbi's college) ; 
Y. B. Hash. II, 58 a bot. StmO ',ni.— Yeb. 109 b nwal 
"rol (TWO 13 for his (the trustee's) house is like his (the 
neighbor's) own house (he is familiar with the interior) ; 
a. fr.— Pi. 'pna, SWHa, "Vtz. Targ. Ex. I, 21 ; a. v. fr.— 
B. Bath. 61 b sq. Ib. T 67 a , V. StFill.— Ber. 6 a the case of 
T'fillin, v. preced. [Playful etymol. na airrst Stl3. Sabb. 
77 b J— 2) night-lodging. Gitt. 57 a stmaistb '3 "Gni stb 
they would not designate a house as a lodging for strangers 
(Lam. B. to II, 2 SfflbSSt Stb3pa filfi Stbl). 

fcWPlIlII f. (=h. na) bath, a measure. Targ. Is. V, 10. 
Targ.Ezek. XLV, 11; a. e.— PI. -pPHS, I'm. Ib.14. Targ. 
I Kings VII, 26. 

fcCf 1 !^ night-bird, v. hista. . 

fcttVa v. n"a 

DlD^S, OlrPS pr. n. m. (Bobbie.) Boethus; 

1) the founder of a sect similar to that of the Saddueees, 
named 'pB'irma Boethusians. Ab. d'B. Nath. ch. V.— 

2) father of one Martha or Miriam, a rich woman in the 
days of the siege of Jerusalem by Titus. Gitt. 56 a . Lam. 
B. to I,. 16 Una; Y. Keth. V, 30 b bot. Sttlla.— 3) B. ben 
Zonin. Y. B. Mets. V, 10 b top; a.fr.— 4) B. B— Y. Erub. 
VI, 23 c bot. 

Ib'in^S, '^11 m. Bo'ethusian, v. preced. Sabb. 108 a 
inx '3 bstffl (Mass.Sof. 1, 2 Hist bst!», corr. ace.) a Boefchusian 
asked. Tosef. Yoma I, 8 (Yoma 19 b ipl1S).-^K. trowa, 
V'Oima, ""a. Men. X, 3. Y. Yoma I, 39 a bot. '3n iJSa 
(for which ib. a. Bab. Yoma 1. c. d^plisn); Tosef. I. c. 
[Ar. ,ed. pr. f) tTQ, )"<o TTiJ, read as one w., like Tosef. 
1. c. Var.] 

mrfo, t. I?™. 

^^^^1 f. (ni3) dwelling. Targ. Job XXX, 23 Ms. 
(Var. a. ed.'sh113p TKi). 

DTl^D, ^K}^, Tosef. Yoma I, 18, Var. for "*inis. 

~)?l* l 3 pr. n. pi. (prob. a contr. of 8S1H rii3) Bithter 
(Bt&9-7)p a), known as Bettar, a town in Southern Palestine, 
renowned as the centre of the Bar-Kokhba revolution 
against Hadrian. [As to its situation, v. Neub. Geogr. 
p. 130; Graetz Gesch. der Jud. IV, 168). Gitt. 57 a '3 "|13 
the Portress of B.— Y,Taan.IV,69 a top. Lam. B. to II, 2 ; 
IV',18; a.fr.— Y. Ber. 1, 3 d , a.fr. '3 Win those killed in the 
Bar-Kokhba revolution (whom Hadrian would not allow 



«W33 



I 13 IBa *>3 (Ms. 



to be buried). Hall. TV, 10 (11) (Y. ed. lima; ed. Nap. 
Unfa, Ven. lima) mentioned as a place not belonging 
to Palestine proper. Cant. B. to II, 17 in ma. 

"HETtl pr. n. pl.Bethre. Sn 
M. iltJia) when they came to I 

Jirntl" 1 !}, T. Succ. I, 52 a bot., read, with Y. Erub. 
I, 19 c top; Y.Kil.IV, 29 b , Khlfah ma or fin ... ., name 
of a field or an estate. 

*©a, roa, v. «. 

"IfcOTDD, Yoma 25 a , v. &iib313. 

TDi m. (b. h.; 153) first-born (opp. tsittJB, a plain, 
unprivileged son); also of animals. B. Bath. 126 a 'a 
BltBBl; a. fr.— Y. Pes. X, beg. 37 b )>•&« iTBTl '3 Mlh was a 
first-born and yet did not fast (on the eve of Passover). 
— Yeb. 16 a ; Y. ib. I, 3 a bot. "JtattS '3 (play on pp) the first 
in obstinate dispute.— Gen. B. s. 91 (ref.to Gen.XLH,37) 
'31 STOW '3 lit lift is this a foolish first-born son! are 
thy children not my children? [HDHU O a first-born son 
by his mother, v. K1513I.]— Bekh.VIIXl, a.fr. ribrisb '3 a 
first-born with the privileges of a double share of in- 
heritance (Deut. XXI, 15 so..), "pJf '3 one who must be 
redeemed from the priest (Ex. XIII, 2). Ib. IV, 4 nK ilXI 
'an examined the first-born animal (and declared it de- 
fective); a. fr.— Pttafyfoa, niliaa. Ex.B.s. 18 aiisa 11133 
the first-born of Egyptian cattle; ib. nilisa nsa the 
plague of the first-born in Egypt; Num. B. s. 4; a.fr. — 
Beth. IV, 5 he who receives payment '3 rtstll ffFtb for 
examining first-born animals (as to bodily defects, v. 
supra) ; a. fr.— [Y. Shek. Ill, beg. 47 b "I33M, read niliSan.] 
Oh. KIMa. 

ST131S f.ch. (=nextw.) early fig. Targ. Hos.IX,10. 
Targ/ls. XXVIII, 4.— PI. flOS, VtpGb m. /»-si /nwfe. 
Targ. Lev. II, 14; a. e. 

171132, '3^3 f. (b. h.; 153) early fruit, esp. fig.— 

1) P^niliiaa. Geii.B.s.22 '31 '3n i>3l!* rtffl ate the early 
fruits himself and offered the late to the king. Snh. 91 b ; 
Lev. B. s. 4 maa '3 fine early figs. Ter. IV, 6 '33 at the 
time of early ripening. — 2) PL Qiliaa m. (b. h.) first 
fruits (to be offered), (sub. nnia) offering of first fruits. 
Bice. I, 1 ; a. fr. — Biccurim, name of a treatise of the 
Mishnah, belonging to the order of Seeds (biSIt). 

iTTiDUl f. (b. h. ; 133) 1) first-born. PI. niliaa. Ex. 
B. s. 18 'ah niapsn the first-born females (in Egypt).— 

2) first birth, birth-right. B. Bath. 123 a '51 pixia '3 *>a! 
took the birth-right from Beuben and gave it to Joseph. 
Ib. '31 '3 nmrt miKI the first birth (of Jacob's children) 
was destined to issue from Bachel. Ib. 124 a a pbn the 
share of the first-born; a. fr. — 3) the law appertaining 
to first-born animals, v. lisa.— Bekh. I, 1 '33 anh is sub- 
ject to the law &c, '3H ya 11BB is exempt from &c; a. 
v. fr.— PI. niliaa, v. supra a. 1153.— B'khoroth (Bekh.), 
name of a Talmudic treatise, belonging to the order of 
Kodashim (bUDIp). 



3, birth-right. Targ. 0. Gen. XXV, 



acviTDa ch. . 

31-sq. T ; v. KWroa. 

*S<^ ! 13!3 m. (=&tt»13 la, v. l»31155; for Syr. 5 
SW», cmp. P&W) knocker for giving signals for worship. 
Y. Meg. Ill, 73 d bot. (Var. Kltfiaa). 

m0%, v. xmsa. 

^D3, nD 2 (b. h.; y"-|3 to fireafc through, split, v. Ges. 
H. Diet. s. v.[ v. 133) to weep. Hull. 7 b ; a. fr. Ohol. 
XVIII, 4 "'pa'ia (TUB weepers' field, a place where the 
funeral cortege disperses; v. M. Kat. 5 b y+VBtZOS jnltt) 
Dina na (Ms. M. fvv&BaB)) where the funeral addresses 
are held. 

Pi. naa l) to cause to weep, make cry. Lam.B.to I, 2 
(ref. to naan naa) nas ©"na nasal nai3 she cries and 

makes the angels cry with her. Ex. B. s. 1 "pasa lffi 
mix they made it (the Egyptian child) cry.' — 2) to mourn, 
lament (Ezek. VIII, 14). Tosef. Kel. B. Bath. II, 8 niaaa 
imma lament their dead. 

22, fc02 ch. same, also (act. v.) to lament. Targ.Gen. 
XXHI, 2 ; a. fr.~ Part. "03. Ber. 5 b S»i33 Up... XISIB tdtHnh 
I cry over that beauty that it should rot in the ground. 
Ib. maap "Wax why criest thou? Ib. 133 Kp mm (v. 
Babb. D. S. a. 1.) that he was crying. Lam. E. to I, 17 
fctnrti ni33 Xpte msa weeping she (Israel) goes up (to the 
ruins of Jerusalem), weeping she goes down. Y. Yoma 

II, 39 d top "paa "pUB all the people began to cry — 

Y. Hag. I, 76 c bot. fftusa 133 blear-eyed.— Taan. 5 b i3l 
KfjMa 133 1133 Ms. M. (ed. llSto) is it for naught the 
weepers wept? Gen. B. s. 68, v. next w.; a. fr. 

"02 1 m. (b. h.; preced.) weeping. Gen.B. s.68; Lev. 
B.s.8,'a. e. (playing on niHB133, Ps. LXVIII, 7) miUDl '3 
weeping and songs, '31 laix i»31 "]j*a he who loves (his 
wife) sings, he who does not, weeps ; Snh. 22*. 

"02 f. ch. same. Targ. II, Sam. XIII, 36; v. Kni33. 

"DSln, '2 b$2 ('2 1^) pr. n. pi. Baalbek (En- 
Bekhi, later Heliopolis), an ancient city of Syria, renowned 
for its temples and bazaars (Iff 1 ). Ab. Zar. ll h Iff 
'3 "psatt) the bazaar at En B. (with its idolatrous rites). 
Maasr. V, 8 '3 'a dill) Baalbek garlic. 

"22 m. (b. h. X53?) a species of pears, prob. the 
pyrum Syrium of the Bomans (cmp. LXX a. Vulg. I Ohr. 
XIV, 15). PI. tafias. Y. Kil. I, 27 a . 

&T32 f.=i33. Targ. Is. XXXVIII, 3; a. e. 

&032 iri. (fa3) weeper, waiter. PI. «ii53. Taan, 5 b , 
v. 133 ch. 

<"P32, JT"p2 f.=fJ3I. Y. Taan. IV, 68 d top 'H33 
mSsn S\0; Bab. ib.'29 a ffifl >115 133 weeping for no cause. 
Gitt. 58 a , a. fr. 'aa 1SS they sobbed loudly. 

fctrfPtfi ch. same. Targ. Y.I Gen. XXXV, 8; (II ib. 

nemoi), v, : xmsa. 



nf 02, v. wm. , 

1*^02, "|^p2 m. (preced. ws.) weeper. Targ. Esth. 
II, 21 T (Bsth. B,'. ib. iia"ia). 

"]"D2 then, v. I?. 

"I* 1 ^ m. li. a ch. (b. h. iftSa; haa) mHy, first-ripen- 
ing, opp. fflipb or V«S. Snh.' 18 b '=1 fflipVl O tiX when 
the early and the late seeds blossom simultaneously &c. ; 
Y. ib. I, 18 c bot.; Y. R. Hash. I, 58 b bot. (oorr. ace). 
Gen. K. s. 61 ; Koh. E. to XI, 6 (ref. to Koh. ib.) WH bK 
OS if thou hast sown in the early season. Ib. 'all the 
early seed. Ib. to VII, 26 Ol O t^abb UTp*> (read tk)>) 
the latest of the robbers is the first to be hanged.— Fem. 
h. IT^sa. Y. Taan. I, 64 a bot. '=1 OH the early rain sets in 
on the third (of Marheshvan), v. W^. [Y. Sot. Ill, 19 a 

top 'a tvfiixn, v. n-flsa.]— PI. rvhisa. Y. Dem. I, beg. 21"= 

(Tosef. ib. I, 3rvh*Da). Y. B. Hash. I, 56 d top OH lV>X 
those are the early -bearing sheep; ( Y. Shek. Ill, beg. 47 b 
m-iiaaH, oorr. ace). 

ItfrfiTCfi, ^^"02 f.ch.=h.H7iS3 2). Targ. Gen. 
XXV, T 31 (ed,' Berl, T 'iaa');"a. fr.— Ber. \ b HiniTaab HiOt 
(notHi»T).he(Esaw)sold his birthright; Ib.HirVnisa lipttJ 
tpf^ HtlHil HiiiQ Ms. M. (read HtaHil ; ed. incorr;) his 
(Eeuben's) birthright was taken from him and given to 
Joseph (v. Kabb. D. S. a. 1. note). Sot. 13 a iran ''Hi 
Ol ihlliaai though I sold my birthright, have I ever 
sold my plain heir's right? 

^rpD2 (Hri ; lD2) f. ch. (=h. htta, rVta) weeping, 
mourning.' Targ!" Gen! L, 4. Targ. Deut. XXXIV, 8 (Y. 
SXtVoa); a. e. — Gen. K. s. 15, end, Ar. (missing in ed.); 
Pesik. Bonni p. 142 b ; v. Utrfty*. 



ffcCta TfcB'ta,v, T wfe ? . 



*O02,"v. (BM. 

"IDS (b. h.; y-p, v. iaa, cmp. Ipa) [to break forth,] 
to be early. [Kal prob. not used.] 

Pi. "©ia 1) to be early, produce first fruits. Tanh. 
Vaybi 14; Gen. B. s. 99 (HWVfc) rTiaaa has early 
crops, opp. ntupba, rfjsxa. [Ib. end bH'ini"ii&a psaa 
read "pasa, v. 1S3.}— 2) fo 6etw- /or £Ae /»-s£ iiwe (of 
animals). Bekh.I.s'sq. H'la'O xiffl that never before had 
given birth; a. fr. — 3) (neut. v.) to be first in ripening. 
Bice. Ill, 1 and sees H'jaaffl H3KH a fig which is first 
ripe, "Qtnl) VotBK a cluster of grapes which &c. Y.Maasr. 
1, 49 a top oi »iiaa -sa^taa, v. alias. - lb. rraa iTiaiaaJa 
saa, v. ma. lb. wsia,' snaa^ffla (v. bna as to spelling). 
• — 4) (b. h.) to recognize as first-born (liaa). B. Bath. 
130 a sq. 

Sif. TiSQHsame. Bekh. in, 2 nrraaaH those animals 
which have given birth for the first time. 

fiithpa. "sarin to hasten. Yalk. Gen. 161 msana swi© 
H-irvni&a, v. supra. 

"02 ch. same. — Pa. "IHa 1) to produce, mature. Targ. 
Y. Deut. XXXIII, 14 Ol &03?»1 which his land pro- 



duces.' — 2) to recognize as first-born. Targ. 0. Deut. 
XXI, 16. 

Ithpa. "Sanx to be dedicated as the first-born. Targ. 0. 
Lev. XXVII, 26. 

&TD2, V. SWDi&I, 2. 

.arai.v.^a. 
wnrba, v. *«*. 

iT~l2_i, v. x^aia. 

5a (b. h.; cmp. "to, v. Ges. H. Diet. s. v.) not, frequ. 
used, in connection with a verb, in the sense of a pro- 
hibitive law. Erub. 100 a S1JH ba Vs laiS he transgresses 
the law which says 'thou shalt not diminish therefrom' 
(Deut. XIII, 1). Pes. Ill, 3 '31 HKTi baa I^S tainfflraUJ 
concerning which we are cautioned by the law prohibit- 
ing leavened things to be seen or to be found (Ex.XIII,7 ; 
XII, 19); a. v. fr. [Our w. is also applied to Bible texts 
in which sb appears.] 

52 pr. n. Bel, the Babylonian deity. Ab. Zar. ll b 
baaa'o n^a the temple of Bel in Babylon. 

52 m. (contr. of ^Ha, cmp. ^fcta) care, anxiety. 
Dan. VI, 15. 

tf 52, v. ttau. 

&02 m. destroyer, v. bsba. 

i02 to be worn out, v. i]?a. 

Mba, ab2 iMttoi^ v. $>, *\. 

ni^52, Dl" 1 52f.pl. (of "6a; "to) outworn garments. 
Keth. V^ 8 Ol llfinisiaa H&atia she wears her winter 
- clothes in their outworn condition in the summer. Ib. 65 b 
O "ima the entirely outworn clothes (=6^0115 Mish. 1. c.) ; 
a. fr.— 2) the woman's right to claim compensation for 
Hhe wear or ruin of the things ivhich she brought along 
as her property (v. Slba, a. bna 11*2). Yeb.X,l O xVl..'. 
nor can she claim compensation for used or spent prop- 
erty (but may take the things in what condition they 
are, v.comment.). Keth.XI,6.— [Y.ib.V,30 b bot.; XI,34 a 
bot., as in Mish. ib. 7 Wrta.} 

" I !^52, Ned. 91 b Ar., read with ed. iS&S. 

"W2 m. pi. those of (the family or town of) Bela, 
in Babylon, (prob. a nickname). Kidd. 70 b ; v.. ^B. 

D^5 t 2, D^i52 m. pi. (b.h. d-wtfs, "ifta, v.nw'ba) 
fragments, rags. Succ. 15 b sq. biba ''Si'ba torn pieces of 
garments. Ib.V,3; a.e.— Hull. 107 b ninaH ifc6a fragments 
of wine bags.— Kel. XXVII, 5 Ot HBS ^fta(leather)pieces 

TW52 ch. same. Targ. Jer. XXXVIII, 11; a. e! 
&D1252, read 003^3. 



Safe* 



rvnsfaa 



bilbS, bilb^S (Pilp. of Kfc or ViS; cmp. Vna) to 
»»«e «p; to disarrange, upset, disturb. Bekh. 38 b (expl. 
Wary Lev. XXI, 20) '3Y fafaan "Df something which 
disturbs the arrangement (of the white and the black) 
of the eye. Snh. 108 a '31 JlS fafal las (Var. ItSl) he 
upset the bridal canopy. Sot. 46 b nfaVa &6 did not 
disturb the town (by pillaging, removing the inhabit- 
ants &c). Y. B. Kam. IV, end, 4 C one struck him fatally 
ftaVai "flipri J*31 and the other came and made him 
senseless (accelerating his death).— Part. pass, fataa, f. 
nfataa. Succ. 22 a "SB naiO a festive booth the covering 
of which is disarranged, v. fan. [Pesik. R. s. i fafat"0, 
v. fafa.] ' 

bilbln ch. same. Targ. 0. Gen. XI, 9. Targ. Is. 
XXVIII, 28 fafaal and mixes up (the grain with the 
chaff, h. text dart) ; a. e.— Part, pass. fafaa. Bekh. 44 a 
■jfafaal dllBa because they (the white and the black of 
the eye) are mixed up, v. preced. — Denoin. Str^fafaa 
mixture of white and black (h. Waty v. preced.). Ibid. 
(Ar. ed. pr. anaa). 

I%>aZp.contr. fafaiK to be disturbed, mixed up. Hull. 
26 b ifafaia they (water and wine) mix well. M. Kat. 9 b 
d"ilhB Faisal? thy table (meals) be disturbed (by the noise 
of children). 

D n &ib3, ^fcObi, v. t«n> a. Teste. 

arpsbn, ipsba, v . k^i. 

J3Q, Deut. R. s. 9 nafala 1WI, read Hernia, v. 

H3ba, v. n^a. 

"'JPD, Yoma83 b "WS1 'a WflhK ed. (Ms. M. 1 iJ!*fa; 
2 a. Ar. -Ulfa; Ms. Oxf., Talk. Deut. 959 Ms. iab, v. Rabb. 
D. S. a. 1. note), take a as servile letter, v. XW&. , 

rl 33, m?'3 m.(veredarius, (3sps§o(,pi,o<;, with change 
of liquida) courier. Y. Taan. IV, 68 e bot. pB3 nW>l nTS 
'31 n"rtfa could the courier go in one day and night 
from Jerusalem to Tyre? Gen. R. s. 10. lb. s. 78 ; a. e. — 

pryn^ia, ■pOTte. Esth.R. to 1, 8 am dianan (strike 

out either of the two, v. Pesik. Shek. p. 14 a , Cant. R. 
to in, 4). Ib. '31 TinnVpfcrtia rtttJI and sent couriers 
(after them) and had the letters brought back. 

I" 1 QTl -?? P r - n - P 1 - ( a corrupt, of Brundisii, Bpsv- 
rsaiov)' Brundisium, a port in Calabria, Italy. Erub. 
IV, 1 (41 a ); 43 a Ms. M. (ed. ■pDTtftB, Var. •ptmbB, •p&IJIS, 
■pb^S, lirjiTTfi; v. Rabb. D. S. a. 1. notes). Cmp. 

nba, v. -fa. 

"D3 f. a tax (cmp. Assyr. biltu, v. Schr. KAT Gloss. II, 
s. v. fa'l). Ezra IV, 13; a. e.— B. Bath. 8 a expl. capitation 
tax; Ned. 62 b . Gen.R. s. 64; Esth.R. introd., v. ymQIIB. 

* 1 ta"ll!3!3(?) pr. n. m. Balvati. Avakh. ll a . 



*JSQJ T 1>2 f. (dlfa=obfa, doa) drinking of spiced 
wines, whence (cmp. doa) frolic, carousal. — PL rvittaisifa. 
Lev. R. s. 12 a 1MB dtt) V*Tl (Yalk. Jer. 320 rvmfa) two 
excessive rejoicings took place at the same time. [Num. 
R. s. 10 a. Midr. Prov. to ch. XI have ilhtlX.] 

12133 m. (afa) 1) acorn, nut.— PL dTMfa, "palfa. 
Men. 63 a tnvil icfifa Grecian nuts (nut-ben ; v. 8m. Ant. 
s. v. Balanus). — 2) oak. PL as above. Y. Keth. VII, end, 
31 d ; Gen. R. s. 15, expl. d^fest (v. next w.)— 3) (v. Sm. 
Ant. s. v. Porta) peg placed in the door-bars when quite 
home in the socket. Pesik. R. s. 6 if the gate-bars were 
wanting Ihfct a only one peg. — PL as above. Ibid. — 
4) key-bit. Y. Sabb. VIII, ll b bot. Blfa (corr. ace); 

▼■ tin. , , 

ISlbSl, NTSlbUl ch. same, oak. Targ. Y. H, Gen. 
XXXV, 8 (h. text yb*); a. e.— PI. Ttrtfa, "^fa.— Targ. 
Ezek. XXVII, 6.— R. Hash. 23 a Ar. (ed.'iaaia 'a. itJlfa 
transposed; v. KarMa); B. Bath. 80 b . 

D^iba, v. bvfa. 

3153 m. (bfa) 1) m«'a;ef7 up, v. Ws.—2) efow%. B. 
Bath. 147 a , v. Ilia. 

pbibn, v. w. 
awiba, v. w^fa. 

&W133, Cant. R. to I, 10; Yalk. Cant. 983 iWlfa, 
tmnfa, read SjrtB, v. 8;Sib a. nrl. 

n j?!313S m. (=ipS'S>S -a, v. ifjAs) jwJes /or carrying 
burden's to market; cmp. ^pMKl, 2.— Y. Dem. II, 22 e bot 
an la nplfa when buying from the retailer's stand, opp. 
nji^n "ja directly from the garden. 

aoibn, v. *&>• 

pSDlbl, v. r&B&a. 

' TOlbil f. (sfa, v. "^fa) vorfea;, gulf. Snh. 108 a a 
11S1 CMs/O. IIISI. nsifa, v. Rabb. D. S. a. 1. note 300) 
the gulf of G. 

posnbn, v. -poDiifa. ■ 
■mba, v. nsta. 

^"'"llbS pr. n. f. jB'fona (Valeria). R. Hash. 17 b , a 
proselyte. Cmp. S;"fl13. 

Di*llba, fli'nbS, Gen. R. s. 28; Yalk. Zeph. 566, 

v. ninsfca., 

*1" l ~l"lba, THblD, read ^nsfa f. (balhearia) bath- 
house. Gen. R. s. 8 ; Yalk. Gen.' 13 /aittJla nns a HKT1 
saw a bath-house cast down.— [Ab. iZar. 18 b , v. 'plfa] 

rfHvS f.(^,]/~A,-<r.'9A)somethingtwi8ted, whence 
1) cAaiM, rope or weatt (v. P. Sm, 1, 532 S1lfa=h. niUSa 



nWa 



dffipa, a. tOlto vinculajugi).— P/.ni's'lto. Gen.B. s.28; 
Talk. Zeph. 566 aht bffi 'a (Gen.B. 1. o. some ed. ni*to) 
thick gold chains (as translation of "ifl" 1 , Job XXII, 20). 
— 2) plait or looks, esp. the long hair worn by the Boman 
and Greek youths of the upper classes and offered to the 
gods on arriving at puberty (v. Sm. Ant. s. v. x6(at)). 
Ah. Zar. I, 3 irv-itol UpT niton Sf the day of shaving 
his (the gentile's) beard and cutting his locks (v. Maim, 
a. 1.). lb. 29 a . Tosef. Sabb. YI (VII), 1. Deut. B. s. 2 
'31 '3 SittJISrt he who grows a wig does so for none but 
an idolatrous purpose. Lev.B.s.23; a.fr. — Snh. 82 a SlUJSn 
Pin^ltoa he seized her by her plait. . 

&ttVHl53 ch. same, woman's plait. Targ. Y. I Num. 
XXV, T 6(ref.'to Snh. 82 a , v. preced.). 

JSttt3 ! l53 m. (ato) search, examination. Targ. Ps. 
LXIV*7. 

KBffra, ntiibs, v. *$?, mto. 
traba, v.'«Bt*a. 

*t"!53 (cmp. b. h. to in nto, a. ira), fl"i/. rton 

to be unsteady, daggle. Y. Pes. I, beg. 27 a . 

Tinte, v . ™>. 

12 53 ( j/to, v. to; cmp. ito, fcto, to; cmp. Assyr. 
aba to toe, Schr. KAT gloss. I, II) 1) (neut. v.) to stand 
forth, project; to be cut in relief, opp. SplD to sink, be 
engraven. B. Hash. 24 b E&ia nam™ nsaa Ms. M. (ed. 
incorr.) a ring whose seal is cut in relief; T. Ab. Zar. 
Ill, 42 c hot. Gitt. 20 a sq. Sot. HI, 4 nitsVia ftiJiS her eyes 
protruded; Num.K. s. 9.— Yoma54 a 'paVoi fprm press- 
ing forth and protruding (from behind the curtain); a. fr. 
—2) (act. v.) to drive forth, beat. Y. Sabb. XII, 13 d tsiiaa 
'31 aroft dlpa when he beats out the place of writing, 
opp. ppllt. 

T25S ch. same. Part. pass. Dto Targ. II Chr. V, 9. 
Hull. 45 b ^ato, ib. 76 a itito protruding sinews, opp. 
ijto sunk in the flesh, indistinguishable. 

fcOYVtabS, read nilSJiaa. Cant. B. to n, 15 fWip 

tarVBiB fit iniB'wi wi to 'a "ja brr»ns rpaixi'Ti ntoa 

tlFPIHX, read, ace. to intimation in comment. Mat. K., 

as follows: rvniDsa diT*» x^sia T'nn pa^ni ywp 
va arms* a^xan iib ni iiia^nn a'Tinti (the passage 

through the Bed Sea and the coming of the noble Egyptians 
afterwards was) like the order of the kynegion (the 
actors in the fights of the arena) and the theatron (the 
spectators), as it says (Ps. LXVIII, 7), 'He leadeth forth 
the captives with their outfits', and then come the spec- 
tators, as we read (Ex. XIV, 28), 'who came after them 
into the Sea.' 

v3, Y. Ned. m, 38 a top, v. 11b3"i-ia.— Pesik. Bahod. 

p. i07 b , v. to?. 

^53, Hb3 (b. h.; /b, v. to; cmp. taa) to be 
crumbled.; to be worn out, to fail, decay, perish. Koh. 



B. to I, 4 nMa Klrt it (the generation of man) decays 
(dies out), nVfa fijist it (the earth) does not grow old. 
Taan.9 a (play on *1 to 15>Mal.HI,10) SaininBlU to?» IS 
11 lalba until your lips grow tired from saying, It is 
enough; (Y. ib. Ill, 66 d bot. ito 1 *, v. to); a. fr.— Part. 
pass, to outworn. PI. t|i"to. Midr. Till* to Ps. XXV, 1. 

Pi. rto to wear out, outlive, survive. Lev. B. s. 4 
'31 itoa IDSSn the soul survives the body. Ib. s. 19 (play 
on -|rto' )•*», I Sam. II, 2) ^rto!= pX there is none to 
outlive thee. Koh. B. 1. c; Cant. E. to V, 15 one erects 
a building mil* itoa IriKl (not itoa) and another man 
ruins it. Snh. 105 a , v. Hsto. 

Nif.th'Si, Nithpa. itona to become outworn, fadeaway. 
Esth. B. hitrod. ntofl*? yifTS (Gen. E. s. 42 ntob) are 
destined to decay. Deut.B.s.7, end tons (the garments) 
were worn out. B. Mets. 87 a niuan '5 her body was with- 
ered. B. Bath. 146 a ntoib 'pllUS made to he used up. 

11 53 1, !tf53, ITT53} ch. same. Targ. Deut. VHI, 4; 
ib. Y. XXIX, 4 iobs/var. laba, read nba; a. fr— Lev. B. 
s. 19 ito lVo all goes to ruin. Ber. 5 b , v. 833. Ib. 6 a . 
Bekh. 9 a VltKl Ihb tol they failed and went to destruction. 
Ab. V, 22 na (tol a^b grow old and frail in it (the study 
of the Law).— [Targ. Ps. LXII, 11; XCI, 2 Ms., v. to I.] 

Pa. to as preced. Pi.— Targ. Is. Ill, 15; a. e.— Ah. 
Zar. 20 a that this beauty S*19S O dust will destroy. — 
Part. pass. f. atoa. Lev. B. s. 33 (interpret. S'fcsB to 
Ezek. XXm, 43) Aquila translates ■KaXa.A rcipvn (old 
harlot), KIKiiS fcttoa K1SYT ed. (Ar. KifTO Oa SW, 
Yalk. Dan. 1061 only xtoa Utrifl) which means, a wasted 
harlot (wasted through fornication). 

"OS II m. pi. constr. (preced., cmp. nito, dito) 
rotten" pieces of (wood). Targ. Is. XLIV, 19 (h.'text bia, 
v. Bashi a. 1.; Var. to^). 

11 53 (b. h., v. preced. ws.) prop, destruction, naught; 
not; v. >tato. Ber. 44 b IIBa 'aa if without meat. 

OTDT52, v. &aa^a. 

*Wi" , 5 - 3, NDl n 5^3 m.(to, formed like HOVa) [de- 
struction,] a, cacophem. for idolatrous phylactery, amulet 
(v. Sm. Ant. s. v. Amuletum). JKpDBUJim 'a (Ar. JOilto) 
an amulet (stone) set in a ring. Gitt. 57 a 'a ilhnal is 
'31 so that the stone of a ring could be distinguished 
(as to shape, legend &c.) at a distance of a mile (from 
the illuminated town). Ib.58 a '31 '3 iap5(Yalk. Lam. 1242 
KJiibia, 6l3) they took an amulet (believed to effect the 
begetting of healthy and handsome children). 

rrhbia, T . ™\*. 
arrjbs, v. anto. 

nb'vS f. (to, v. itoa) mixing, mixture. Y. Maas. 
Sh. H, 53 c: ; Y. Dem. V, 24 d top '31 xbx O ■)■»« b'lilah (an 
even distribution) applies only to wine or oil. Men. Ill, 2 
'31 fias ftfjbto 11 the one forms a thick mixture (one 
Log of oil td one Issaron of flour), the other forms a loose 
mixture (three Log to one Issaron). — PI. nftto. Tosef. 



trta 



dba. 



Dem. II, 7; Men. 18 b ; Hull. 132 b on the priest's mixing 
the offerings (Lev. II, 5; a. fr.). 

D'vlH part. pass, of dba. 

T\TTbZL (TV2 "bil) f. (b. h., y. iba) [nothing,] air 
(fr. Job XXVI, 7). Num. E. s. 14 'a hi^Sd *tt» (some 
ed. na ">ba)the ten heavenly spheres (omp. Sepher Yetsir. 
beg.). Ex. E. s. 15 '3 b5> dblSn T*«* bs . . . he rested it 
(the upper story, the sky) on the atmosphere, on b'limah 
(Tanh. Haye 3 mian bx> na bs). 

blD^Pl, Pesik. E. s. 42, read dimblf. 

^S, v. ^ 

"pTO^D, T. Snh. X, 29 a top, read fl^ba 

.■rntab^a, v. -^p^- 

pTDD^bD, Cant. E. to II, 14, read TBb^3; omp. Ex. 
E. s. 21. 

STQD^ (»"ltanb3) f. (ballistra, piXwxpa) 
catapult, awar engine for throwing stones, or (b. manualis) 
for arrows. Lam. E. to II, 2 '3 ^sax stones thrown from 
thecatapult. Y.Sot.Vm,22 b bot. , ]ribB) KIIHS'ta 1532 TO; 
(Mekh.Bshall. s.2 niaiadba, pi.; Yalk.Ex. 232 tVWIBi&ba, 
read 'abiba) the hail stones correspond to the catapults 
in the warfare of men. Pesik. E. s. 17 ; Pesik. Vayhi p. 67 a 
KlUdbs 1J3K (corr. ace). Pesik. E. s. 29—30 (p.l39 b ed. 
Fr.) ST-lfctrtn pKri ns (read 'b3n ps.). Lam. E. introd. 
(E. Josh. 2) ona&iba ■>»!* (read XI . . .); a. fr.— PI. 
ni&OB&'&a. Yalk. I.e., v. supra. Tanh. Bo 4 ; Shof tim 14. 
Mekh. 1. c. Midr. Till, to Ps. XVIII. 

■nab/^a (■nlablbn) m.(ballistarius,paW- 
pio^) attendant of the catapult, also archer. Hull. 60 b 
fPh 'a IX ... . was Moses a hunter or an archer (to have 
known the nature of animals so well)? 

arawba, v. ^a. 

nSpbS f. (Sba) 1) swallowing, gluttony. Num. E. 
•s. 14 (play on 5>ba Gen. XXXVI, 32) he sold his birth- 
right insi'ba btHB3 to satisfy his gluttony.— on ma (Eso- 
phagus. Toh. I, 1 ; a. fr.— 2) wrtec, v. n^bs. 

n Spb5l, J !D ">it m. (=h. ns>iban ma, v. preced.) 5>MZ?rf, 
whence (omp. BlBl) straits (prob. Scylla and Charybdis). 
Bekh. 9 a .— Snh. 110 c H"ip*j iSlba (corr. ace.) the chasm 
created for Korah. 

Jsjl 53 m. (b. h.) availing nothing, wickedness. Snh. 
111b '(playing on bis) 'a T)3 means '31 it* . . . d*>J3 sons 
who shook off the yoke &c. 

JtrCplbS f. ch. (=h. nsnba) swallowing, Targ. Y. I 
Num/xxVi, 11, constr. HS^i 

amtastfo, antaxiba, v . k^ 

blp^bi, v. D^pb> 



NrPbS f. (iba) ro?, «Ar«i. Sabb. 134 a . Hull. 8 b 'a 
K&ISrT a'shred of a curtain (soft rag). Kidd. 48 b 03 Tfts 
tied up in a rag.— PZ. SWJfjba. Yeb. 120 a (some ed. xrrio). 

bbS (b.-h.; l/ba; a) seer, of bl3, b^a; yp fia, cmp. 
■pa, to penetrate, break through, v. aba ; b) ]/ba fo crumble, 
soften, cmp. j/Vo; v. "to, b32, ob3 in amabia) to mix 
(with oil), 7mead, stir; to mix fodder. Zeb.XIV, 3 (ll2 b ) 
Wart the priest who kneads the meat-offering with oil, 
v. ttWja. Dem. V, 5 balHI bbia (strike out *>51«1 in Bab. 
ed., Ar.Var.1*i13) he mixes the fruits and takes the tithe. 
Y.B. Kam. IV, beg. 4 a bibab to mix up (coins in a hag.) 
Y. E. Hash. I, 56 d bot; Tanh. Noah 11, v. ^3111; a. fr. 
—Part. pass. b>ba, f. nite. Snh. 24 a (play on baa) 'a 
'31 SOpaa mixed up (confused) in Bible study &c. [Y. 
Yeb. Vm, end, 9 d bb33 nailp, read Moa.] V. Ma. 

Nif.Vyyi., Hof. bbain fo &e mia;e^. Y.Maas.Sh. II,53 C , 
v.'J&ri. Men.xn,4 (103 b ; 18 b ) ^bbas diffiui) sixty measures 
of flour can be thoroughly mixed; v. fib's, lb. dibiai 
bb^fib.— Y. Shek. VI, 49 d bot. 1BSO fibbaia* ttJ&t fire mixed 
with 'fire.— [Y. Taan. Ill, 66 d bot. '3V ilbba^U) 19 until 
your speech shall become confounded from repeatedly 
saying, Enough; v. "to.] Y. Ber. VI, 10 a top (play on ba) 
'D1 *lbbai all blessings shall be kneaded thogether— Pilp. 

Db^I (b. h.; denom. of diba, /ba, bba, fodder-bag, 
nose-bag, muzzle) to muzzle, restrain. Yalk. Num. 743 
(read in place of '31 dlba 11=:) fiffla bffi lasb dfe liB 
brta Iri&t bffl lilies dibab Xlfi bl3i the mouth of the 
people of Moses is tied up (we dare not talk), but can 
he tie up (disable) the nail of any of them (the Canaan- 
ites)? Hull. 89 a (play on na^ba, Job XXVI, 7) dbiaffi 
'31 who restrains himself in strife (refrains from violence, 
keeps silence &c). — 2) part. pass. d*iba (cmp. dbx) unfit 
for use, lame, sore, swollen, closed by a tumor. Bekh. 40 b 
•a 1i& one whose mouth is swollen (one opin. in Eashi: 
shrunk); niafel3a TbSI (Pu.) one whose feet are swollen 
(shrunk). lb. 43 b '3 laaiH Ar. (ed. bbl3, corr. ace.) whose 
nose is obstructed. — GKtt. 67 a '3 131K a packed treasury 
of knowledge ; v. dba. — Part. Pu. dVlia, v. supra. 

*mf.tA'lr\torestrict.. Y.Hag.II,78 a bot. diba^iaiabai 
1!nBiS>b provided that (when cutting &c.) he does only as 
much as is needed for his dough for the offering; [Tosaf. 
to Hag. i7 b , s. v. xbx, cites intra nbsiffl, v. nba.] 

D53ll (v. preced.; cmp.Syr.Xab3 halter) to attempt 
to get rid of the halter; to kick, strike (of an unruly horse). 
Pesik. Zakh. p. 24 b (ref. to 'Ps. XXXII, 9) thou puttest a 
bit on him dbi3 ttVTi andhe strikes. lb. '3 KliTI tfoH? a^lp 
(strike out «b, as Tanh. ed. Bub. Ki Thetse, 6 a. Yalk. 
Ps. 719) you come near him and he strikes; Tanh. Ki 
Thetse, 6; Yalk. Deut. 938, Ps. 1. c. (with var. vers.). 

Db!l ch.=h. dba I.— 1) Part. pass, d^ba tied, mute. 
Targ. Is. XXXII, 4;' a. e. [Targ. Y. Deut. XXIX, 4; v. 
ibai.] — 2) (cmp. "p3) to put meat betioeen bread, wrap 
up. Hull. 107 b KSaiK rvb '3 wrapped up a piece of meat 
for him (v. Tosaf. a. 1.). 



m 



*anba , 



m. (preced.; v. dia) halter, tnjsf. guard, 
protection of the borders of a field, as fences &c. ; cmp. 
K'lOSX. B. Mets. 103 b '31 'a IpiS \b whatever is essential 
for guarding the limits, the landlord must provide. [Ms. 

M. 'alba, Ar. iaba, v. JttAa.] ■'.'••-' 

1?3» "Q^S m. (fSaXcMsos) bathing master, bathing 
attendant (who receives a small coin as fee, cmp. T^lpix). 
Shehi. VIII, 5; v. T*a. Y. B. Bath. IV, 14 c hot. Oil'dlpa 
the bathing master's station (the income therefrom); 
a.fr.— PZ.'p&S. Sabb. IV, 2 'art WHip the beams whereon 
the bathing masters are stationed. 

f^, WVlS, W3, ^ch.same. Lev. E. s. 28 
'a V*ia Vis he went after a bather. lb. nSdl 'a liasM* 
has become a bather and hair cutter; Esth. E. to VI, 10 
0£>a); Pesik. E. s. 18. 

fc^talDbS, Sifra B'har Par. 5, ch. VII (Talk. Lev. 666 

xpabaa), v. «pit?p^ a. Xp'tt&f 

■oVa, ^_b&, v. i^a, ite.- 

J~3, "3 "5 II m. pi. (balnea, balinese) bath, bathing, 
T. Ber. vi, io° bot. ijiia ina sian tubi p-ina (read 

li^a) as if one drinks wine after bathing (for medicinal 
purposes, when the wine which he drinks after meal 
cannot be considered as a continuation of the draught 
taken before meal; v. rVBJiftsiI). T. Maas. Sh. IV, 54 d 
bot. as much as one will ask (for the fruits left over) 
on a hot summer day 'a "VQ after bathing time (when 
he is anxious to sell). — *Denom. MVO^a f. pi. (=balnearia) 
bathing apparel. B. Bath. IV, 5 (67\ Bab. ed.) 'art hXl 
(Var. his^l q. v.). 

fcOTjbl, T. Sabb. VI, 8 b bot., transl. of ttblft Is. 
Ill, 19, read K^?^?. 

1"H]]bSl (p'lbS) 1) constr. i^O (in>a) m. pi. (bal- 
nearia/fcattiw^ apparel, bathing utensils. T. Kil. IX, 32 a 
bot.; T.M.Kat.III,82 a diffiS 'a women's bathing clothes; 
Sabb. 147 b ilVa (some ed. i-ilta, corr. 'J^a); Tosef. Kil. 
V, 16 insta (corr. ace.).— 2) bath-house, v. yrbl.—V. 
ni^a. - • ' 

DbS ( y\a, v. Wa) 1) to mix with all sorts of things, 
to mix indiscriminately. Part. pass. Wba, f. rtdlba. 
Sabb.76 b 'art&iS adough of unsifted flour (with bran&c). 
B. Bath. 58 a '"3 1S1X a store room of mixed things (lumber 
room).— Gitt. 67 a 'a 1S1K a mind full of all kind of knowl- 
edge (oth. vers. dlVa, v. dba).— PI. )•&&*. Mikv. IX, 5 
'an utensils soaked with a mixture of colors (stains 
from use), opp. 6"«pS shining, polished.— 2) (cmp. ^a) 
to rot. Gen. E. s. 28 dibsfta MISl!* store of spoiled 
fruits. 

rpfffeba, v. 'jwtf*«?%a. ' 

D&bS, "jlDbbS m. (d&a, with inserted Wl; hence 
pAXuajxov which was readopted as ytixka; cmp. Stalifaa) 
balsam, aromatic gum. Gen. E. s. 91 (interpr. ilX) tidVa 



t|Bp the gum of the balsam tree.—Targ. Cant. VII, 14. 
Lev. E. s. 31; Cant. E. to I, 15; a. e. Cmp. Tiad>B a. 

lias-la*. " 

fcOD^SbbS f. (pXa'cr<pTi|j.fa) blasphemy. T'lamd. to 
NumT XXVIII,' quot. ('BtJiba) in Ar. — Tanh. ed. Bub. 
Tol'doth 21 rtW^a (corr. ace). 

llb^Q^DbbS, read pd/ai&t&a (£pXa<j(p^|j.Y]<jev) he 
blasphemed. T'laind., ref. to I Kings XXI, 13 quot. in 
Ar. (interpret. Tpa). 

5bS (b. h.; |/"ba, v. W>a) to absorb, opp. rate; to 
swallow, consume. Y. Shek. VI, 49 c bot. . . . sbia mxrtlD 
^S^ia . . , : nsMa the flame absorbs a portion of the oil, and 
so do the wood and the kettle. Hull. 110 b the liver when 
boiled with other meat 'a niiJXI htabls gives out (blood) 
but absorbs nothing from the other pieces. T. Sabb. 
XIV,14 d top; Tosef. ib.XH (XIII), 9 but he may sip vinegar 
sViai and swallow it (opp. ate to spit it out). T. Ter. 
VOL 45 b bot. Slte3 distei what is chewed is to be con- 
sidered as swallowed. Hull. '71* rt^lte rtXalB an unclean 
object (food) that has been swallowed.— Snh. 110 a ysitert 
those (of the band of Korah) that were swallowed up. 
Kel. IX, 6, v. fTf*; a. fr. 

Nif. S^as to be swallowed; with "pa, to be absorbed, 
disappear.' Sot. 36 b ; Tanh. Vayigg. 4; Talk. Gen. 150 
(interpret, the name Bela, Gen. XL VI, 21) MaWl ya '3115 
for he (Joseph) has disappeared among gentiles. Gen. 
E. s. 94; Talk. 1. c. Tiaa steUffi) he disappeared to me. 

Hif. S^art to cause swallowing, to make absorb. Ex. 
E. s. 33 (T-ipia Flairs thou mad'st (the earth) swallow 
Korah. Ber. 24 bT irYi'tea is^tea he hides the spittle in his 
cloak; T. Sabb. VII, 10 b top. Hull. 113 a d^ata D1 "aa 
causes the blood to remain in the meat (prevents it from 
flowing out).— Trnsf. to sell something in connection with 
other things, in a lump, in the bargain. Bekh.3l b I5>itea 
'31 he sells it (the meat) in the bargain with the hide &c. 
B. Mets. 64 a ; B. Kam. 118 b one who robs his neighbor 
■jiaiUrta "\b '111 and makes up for it implicitly on settling 
his accounts. V. rtstert. 

Hof. steirt to be swallowed up; to mingle with, v. 
supra Nif.— Part. ste^a. Ber. 31 b diffiJX pa 'a mixing 
with people, expl. '31 "|TnX tib neither very tall &c. (of 
average qualities). Erub. IV, 6 "(rt^a 'a his property is 
enclosed between theirs (reaches into the limits of each). 
T. ib. IV, 21 d bot. nistelart WTO inland-towns, opp. 
border-towns. T. B. Bath. VII, 15 cd rta 'pstela fields 
which are enclosed by others belonging to the same 
estate. 

Htthpa: stetirt to be swallowed up, to disappear. Midr. 
Till, to Ps. XIX, beg. '31 la 5>!?ana he disappears from 
the world (forfeits his life). 



s?ba i 



Targ. Ex. VII, 12; a. fr.— Hull; lll a 

'a "ftrt B^SI i3irt 13 as it gives out, so does it again 
absorb; a. fr.— Part pass. S^a, «S^a. Ib. xal XSiVa 
filled with blood. — Snh. 110 a VllpT ^Slba, v. ^S^a.— 



*&■ 1 

Trnsf.fo receive blows (cmp. 5Bb). Men. 7 a trta iaXB ifiVip 
'si I received many blows at the hands of Ab. over &o. 
Arakh, 22 a . Ber. 56 a .— Targ. II, Esth. Ill, 7 yfliK IS^a 
ffQ they are swallowed up (bound to be destroyed) by 
my hand. 

Af. Stas;, as h. Hif. Hull. 67 b "b »ba:* let me swallow 
them (put them in my mouth). Men. 17 a , v. infra. B. 
Mets. 64 a yaiffra trh "Stl, v. preced. Hif. 

Ithpe. xbsrnx, X&a^as h. Nif. 1) to be swalloioed up, 
to disappear. ' Tafg. Y. Gen. XL VI, 21 rrta 'ah!* he was 
swallowed up (disappeared) from his side; v. preced. 
Targ. Josh. VI, 5 'SI StarV> shall sink into the ground 
beneath it; a. e.— Y. R. Hash. II, 58 a bot. ">1alp ya 'arl^ 
(the moon) disappeared from his sight. — 2) to be given 
to eat; trnsf. to be taught Ber. 24 b ^ KS^ax KnVva &Ui 
'SI ia v. Eabb. D. S. a. 1. note) this I have been taught 
in the school of R. &c; (Men. 17 a 'SI "b S^CUS !«rfrta Ml 
this has R. H. taught me). 

jBm. (preced.) 1) absorption, natural loss, leakage. 
B. Mets. Ill, 8 (40 a ) '3 -rtSMal Ills a Zo^ and a half is a 
reasonable leakage (absorbed by new vessels); a. e. — 
2) pr. n. m. (b. h.) Bela; v. sba a. rtf>a.— 3) sia or 
»|a (cmp. " l V a ) a nothing, a mote. Tanh. Vayak. 7 (ref. 
to Sfeaa Num. IV, 20) "pSa iBIS XlritB rTttt 'aS; (Num. R. 
s. 5 ySU yo) as much as a mote which enters one's eye. 

2??3 m. swallower, glutton. Num. R. s. 14; v. W^a. 
Snh. T 105 3 , v. ClS^a. 

2^3, N3>b3, Jl3?ba ch. m. (cmp. ste) tte tt% 
swallowed, choking fit. Y. Ab. Zar. H, 40 d il'ttJ rtS^a IhX 
in a choking attack it is allowed (to apply remedies on 
the Sabbath) lb. Sba tfY»U had a choking fit; Koh. R. 

to x, 5 sefca nn rrt srifi. lb. SYv&a xps&tb to get out 

what he had swallowed. 
TW3, Y. Dem. IH, 23 b 'ai -ibina, read f^a=n^sa, 

V. 5». 

U3J53 (b. h.) pr. n. m. Balaam, the gentile prophet 
of the Pentateuch. Snh. 105 a tsS S&a 'a Ar. (Var. in Ar., 
a. ed, Nfea) devourer (destroyer) of the people; other 
homilet. etymology ibid. dS rfeatD he ruined the people 
(through debauchery; Rashi-.^aba). Gen. R. s. 65. Ab. 
V, 19 (as type of false teachers) ; a. fr. 

USOil (Sba with b intens.; cmp. bba, GSb); Ithpe. 
bsVanx to be choked, to choke. Y. Ter. VIII, 46 a 'SrTW, 
■pDsisrYW (corr. ace). 

fctSTIl pr. n. m. Baltsa. Ex. R. s. 29 *i hx 'a *>!SU1 
tt^pS T [prob. to be be read Vl ''b&<=^"1 VrisK, cmp. Y. 
Ber. IX, 13 c ; Midr. Till, to Ps. XVIII; CIV end]. 

P^v.pW. 

p33 (b. h.) pr. n. m. Balak, King of Moab. Ber. 7 a . 
Num. R. s. 20; a. fr. 

DTiopba, ■p-pBpbs, pn....,v.^ia(coi- 

lectarius), and 'p'tiBpibB (^apaxxrjpei;). . 



wpba,y.»;ttt^- 
*nbs, v. k-jvo. 
■nb|, v. r^a. 
■jrnbi, v. -p*. 
m'nb|, v. iwfoa. 

plbjl, Ab.Zar. 18 b y^ai 'aMs.M. (ed.only •p'fa; 
Y. ib. I, 40 a ffnb^a 'pV'a, added in Ms. M. 1. c. as '^"iba 
piVal; Yalk.Ps. 613 'phtal y^'a) corruption of ^Via^ 
(liberates, sub. ludi, orliberalia) Bacchanalian games (v. 
Sm. Ant. s. v. Dionysia). [The preceding pVtb br.^ilb 
must prob. be read 'plb ludi.] V. "plVoto. 

EJ33 ( y)a, v. Wo) 1) *to hack and break the clods 
of earth (v. iiall; v. Sm. Ant. s. v. Raster). Lev. R. s. 36 
on setting a vine 'Si rttVW "pttfcia (read ■')««) you first 
break them (the large stony clods) under it and then 
you plant it. Cmp. Sffiftas^— 2) (law) to search (for con- 
cealed goods &c.) to hold a visitation. Denom. isfta &c. 
—3) (milit.) to patrol. Midd. I, 7 'SI life!? to patrol the 
Temple. 

ffl5!3 ch. same; to search, examine. Targ. 0. Gen. 
XXXI, 35; a. fr. 

Pa. U%a same. Targ. Is. XXII, 5 "psjlbaa. (ed. Vien. 
. T'ttftaa Af.); a. e. ' 

Ithpa. tsksri!*, Ithpe. ttji^ans £o be searched, ransacked. 
Targ. Ob. v. 6, quot. B. Kam. 3 b ; a. e. 

StfttjbS, Ntt5lb3 m. ch. (v. next w.) searcher; con- 
stable. Nidd. 52 a 'SI O TUB he sent a constable and forced 
her to leave her (second) husband.— Pi. pajfija, iX^Uifta. 
Targ. Zeph. I, 12; a. e.— Ber. 44 a ifflfta Ar." a. Ms. E. 
(ed. ■'ffiftsa). 

"l©53, "^lEJ 5i m. (fflia) detective,investigator, search- 
ing tax-commissioner, constable. Y. Dem. VII, 26 a i>pa 
n (notVpia) the commissioner's pointed staff (with which 
he searches). Y'lamd. to Gen. XXXVIII, 1 quot. in Ar. 
'si Iba "wiBia the constable delivers the prisoner over 
to the executioner.— Pi. fSj^a. Kel. XV, 4 'ail bpa, v. 
supra.— T^tt&a. Y'lamd. to Num. XXIH, 7. [Var. in Hai 
Gaon iib>a.]' 

I3S25bil pr. n. pi. Belshafat (contr. of BBttrttt 'a), 
a staple town in Susiana (Khazistan), Syriac name Beth- 
Lapetha=Ahwaz (Neub. Geogr. p. 380). Taan.22 a asls ia 
ed. (Var. BS*>ia, iBBB^ia, v. Rabb. D. S. a. 1. note 8). 
B. Mets. 73 b BBffl^lt ed. (Ar. BBtt&lb, Ms. H. BBttta); B. 
Bath. 98 a BBUJ ill ed. (Ar. 1»^>; Ms. M. BStt&T; Var. 
BBffl ^1, 115^1, BBttJi'b, BBfflib ia, v. Rabb* D. S. a. 1. note). 
[Yohasin s. v. Xplia: BlBttS^S 'QJ 

nffl?3, ri©?13 f.(a)ia) reconnoitring troop, quar- 
termaster's division, marauders. Bets. 21 a ; Tosef.ib. LT,6. 
Ab.Zar.v,6 (Y.ed."ia). Y. ib.45 a top nahbaai'ia blViaa 
'ia the Mishnah means when the troop comes in peace, 



or when it comes with hostility. Sabb. 145 b ed. '13, 
Ar. '*>! 

Tiba, i^ibi, i&jba, 'n rro P r. n . P i. Bem- 

Baltin &c, v. dS^a. R.Hash, H, 4 (22 b ; Ms. M. vb*2, 
Tlte; v. Rabb. D. S. c. 1. note). lb. 23 a bot. '3 rYO i«B 
(Ms. M. 1 Ti^a, 2 tlta, Ms. L. -prlVa) what is B. B.? 
Answ. d1*i3. 

"^12^122, Y. E. Hash. I, 57 b , '3 tfTrft, prob. to be 
read: 'paaisaiB"'!* ynro (uuo^vr) (jurat) like the minutes 
of the court proceedings, opp. to preced. I p1 h *i, read fp^ 
(Mxt), PL). 

"IS"T73S1, '2 ~l£>D m. tte fourth book of Moses 
(Numeri). ' Gen. B. s. 3 ; a. e— MSI '3 the fourth book 
of Midrash Eabbah (Num. B.). 

JlDB f. (b.h.; prob.fr. 8*13) entrance, gathering place, 
ascent (cmp. b. h. xiaa a. ntea) ; esp. Bamah, name of 
the legitimate altars prior to, and of the illegitimate after, 
the establishment of a central sanctuary (at Shiloh) and 
of the Temple at Jerusalem; temporary or improvised 
altar; v. Zeb. XIV, 4— 8.— Meg. I, 10 nVns '3 national 
altar; iiatsp '3 local altar (during their period of legit- 
imacy); Tosef. Zeb. XIII, 17 sq.; a. fv.—Pl. tliaa Zeb. 1. 
c. lb. 114 b '3n IrVfl nst»a at the period when bamoth 
were permitted, v. supra; a. fr. [Meg. 32 a / SS"fi fYlirfcil, 

v. naia.] Omp. na^a. 

i<Diaa, v. x&aa, 

SPina, v. «noa. 

mSDb" l DD, Midr. Thron. Salom., Beth-Hammidr. 
ed. Jellinek V, 2, read hiKbiaia, v. SiffS, 

SDQ2 m. ch.=h. Oiaia affiar, high-place. [Targ. 
Y. II, Deut! XXXII, 13 Kbaa, read anaa.]— PL Kjbaa, 
■poiaa, fc^biaa (K*b»a) idolatrous places of ivorship. 
Targ/ll Ohr.XIV^ 4; a. e. 

THPID2, Cant. E. to VII, 10 some ed., read rYiM Tai3S. 

SH?^ f. ch.=h. riaa. Targ. I Kings III, 4; a. e.— 
PI. xrraa T (Kniaa). Targ.ib.2; a. e.— [Targ. II Chr. XI, 15 

x^naaY 

l2 m., constr. "]3 (b. h. ; naa) offspring, son, child. 
'ain 3>13U5 the male child's week, a disguise for circum- 
cision day, adopted during the Hadrianic persecutions. 
Snh. 32 b ; Y. Keth. I, 25 c ; a. e.— 'an SW a disguise for 
-,an ■fii'is. B. Kam. 80 a .— . . ill) iaa the son of, v. bw. 
t^Vfp ill} ' ( ;a descendant of holy men. Ab. Zar.50 a ; 
a. e. — PL b">3a, constr. iaa. Ab. Ill, 14 dlpai 'a chosen 
children of God. Gen. R. s. 82 nilri btt) !t\aa children 
(followers) of the Law. — Trnsf. belonging to, fit for &e. ; 
e. g. hiia iJS those belonging to the colony of exiles, 
Babylonians &c; W>S iJ3 Galileans; ffciDX i» things fit 
to be eaten &c [For such compounds as are wot self- 
evident, see the respective determinants.] [^Ip^S *M, v. 

yip^sa.] . 



S33, v. •». 

sHStfiS m. (contr. of Utaia) 1) 6fliAer. Targ. II, Bath. 
VI, 12 T Ms. (ed. S^aaa).— 2)'pr. n. m., v. "wail. 

n S3S m. h. a. oh. (TO) gmjZoV, wasow. B.Mets. 118 b ; 
a. fr.— Y. Hag. II, 77 b top O 1*1 ninaalX this boy's trade 
should be that of a builder. Sabb. 156 b '31 -nhdl "a (shall 
grow to be one) who builds and destroys, destroys and 
builds (restless). lb. U5«; a. fr. V. te^")«.— [V. trewa, 
T^M.] 

■waan, rK$33, a. ^s-n (='a ^ pr . n . ». 

Bannai, Bannaah, Babbannai, name of anAmora. Keth. 
50 b . Ber. 38 b . [lb. 55° Ms. M. W«. B. Mets. 2 a , a. e. 
'a 1 !, Ms. M. wan, v. Babb. D. S. a. 1. note.] 

D" 1 !^!^, p^ifi m. sing. a. pi. (contr. of dTO p, v. 
nxa) owe of becoming conduct, refined, a cultured person ; 
opp. 113; (cmp. Sabb. 114 a top, as to a scholar's duty 
to pay attention to dress). [Foroth.opin., v. Sachs Beitr. 
II, 199 ; Erankel Monatsschr. 1846, p. 855.] Mikv. IX, 6; 
Sabb. 1. c. 'SI 'a Vffl the garments of a Banna'im, if stained 
with pitch on one side cannot be immersed for levitical 
purposes before the stain is removed (because their owner 
is more fastidious). Tosef. Mikv. VI (VII), 14 (where 
nVfiS a. nsap refer to the stain; as to correct vers. v. 
B. S. to Mikv. 1. c). Sabb. 1. c. 'a ijw what does B. 
mean? Answer: 'SI list it means the scholars who are 
engaged in building up the world (of civilization) ail 
their lives (as if fr. nsa). lb. (dresses of the B.) tftt< 
'31 d"^3 are the court-garments imported &c, v. 'p'lViK. 

"jinWlil, p i. of KStta. 

S01JS. m. (ija) builder. PL ^iia. Yoma 10 a TO '3 
'31 shall the builders (of the Temple, the Persians) be 
delivered into the hands of the destroyers (the Romans)? 

nlD2 p i. of na. 

^22, nDS (b. h.; seer, of)*V) [to combine,] to build. 
Sabb. XII, l T njlian he who builds (on the Sabbath). lb. 1 02 b 
njia dltOa (isguilty) because it is one of the labors classi- 
fied under 'building'; a. fr.— Metaph. to educate, train. 
Ber. 64 a (ref. to Is. LIV, 93) T^aia X^M: ^aa n"S read 
not banayikh (thy children), but bonayikh (thy builders, 
trainers); v. diJWa.— Ex.- R. s. 23 (play on b'noth, Cant. 
I, 5) '31 niiia the authorities directing the building of 
Jerusalem; v. Pi.— Hull. 78 b 38 nJ3 fit, v. as, a. ^ia. 
[Tosef. Par. VII (VI), 4 i5«a ed. Zuck.,'v. lia.]" 

Nif. n.335 1) to be built up. Y. B. Bath. HI, 14 b , a. 
fr. niiain|,' niaa^.— 2) (d'enom. of p) to get children. Gen. 
E. s. 71. ' 

Nithpa. nsaM (denom. of )Z)to be adopted,naturalized. 
Pesik. K. s. 43 ^XlttJiS wans they became full Israelitish 
citizens. 

Pi. hsia to lay out, plan a city, determine its limits. 
Ex.B.1. c. the Great Sanedrin held sessions HrflX d^Wal 
(not bniS) and determined the limits of Jerusalem; v. 
Snh. I, 5.— Part, Pu. n|13a cultivated; built (of human 



w 



stature), well-proportioned. Keth. 112 a ; Sot. 34 b tww\ 
'31 )>$ il513a it (Hebron, in spite of the rocky nature of 
its soil) was seven times better cultivated than Zoan 
(one measure of its land yielding as much as did seven 
measures of the soil of Zoan). Ib.42 b (play on benayim, 
I Sam. XVII, 4) bla ^Da '3a his build was without blemish. 

^i:s, v. is**. 

"OS, }$2% ch.=h.S-i5a. Targ.Deut.XXT, 9 (Y.riaS'i); 
a. fr"— Part. \a3. Targ. Gen. IV, 17.— M. Kat. 10 b ■Wa 

I%e. TJatli* as h. Nif. 1) a. 2). Targ. I Kings in, 2; 
a. fr.— Targ. Gen. XVI, 2; a. e— Y. Ber. II, 5 a "^aaria 
■will be rebuilt; a. e. 

■J^T^v.srroa. 

"^ J JP3H1 pi. (benignae, sub. interpretationes, opp. durae, 
v. Harper's Lat. Diet. 1882) favorable side, mitigating 
circumstances. Ab. Zar. 4 a bribe 'a IBpSJ* ed. (Ms. '133; 
Ar, iM^DS, taking S for a servile letter as do the com- 
mentaries) I shall search for what can be found in their 

JT3S, 1T^% I m. ch.=h. i&MS, builder. Y. Yoma 
III, 40» fy. Gilt, VII, 48 d bot.; Y. B. Bath.VHI, 16 c top 
iXrC+Wn 'S a builder of the law (forming ingenious con- 
clusions). — PI. p^a. Y. Ber. IX, 13 a top; v. '"jaW. 

iTHSSlI pr. n. m. Bannayah, an Amora. Y. Peah 
I, 15 b bot.; a. fr. (Bab. B. Bath. 57 b rist|3, v. isan). 

a^2,v.ra. 

SWOS, Y. Shek. VI, 49 d top, v. 131313. 

Stfrf^lll, #&*0% f- pi. C»; cmp. SIS, SIX a.denom.) 
net-work, veils, curiains&c. Ber.61 a ;Sabb.95 a ; Brub.l8 a ; 
Nidd. 45 b '3 sn^sVpi p11p STl tttsS pliS (v. Babb. D. 
S. a. 1. for vers.) at the sea-towns they call all net- works 
binyatha; Koh. E. to VII, 2 srwaa (Var. xms«a). 

I^Sl, ^D^m. (b.h.; Mas) 1) building, structure; 
eredion. Suc'c. 51 b ia^iSS a'TD n»1 s6l» ia whoever has 
not seen the Temple in its finished state, expl. ibid. p33 
bVTilh the Herodian Temple (Ms.M. a"m p33 Msn ....'. ; 
v. Babb. D. 8. a. 1. note).— 'Sri Tfm, v. rtBX.— Sabb. 102 b 
"jSS 'S I'll such kind of labor belongs to builders' work, 
lb. 'Si W it looks like builders' work; a. fr. — SX "pas 
standard rule, v. S!J; v. Hull. 78 b , B. Kam. 77 b rias hi 
SX this (Ex. XII, 5) forms the rule, wherever illfi is 
used &c. (v. Tosaf. a. 1.).— Sabb. 114 a bblS bffl 13^33 the 
preservation of the (mental and moral) world. — 2) human 
frame, skeleton. Ohol. U, 1 la^aa 31*i the greater portion 
of a corpse as to size of limbs, contrad. to 13ii3a 3Ti the 
larger as to the number of joints and limbs. 



W 1 ^ 



ch. si 



. Targ. Koh. HI, 8 



ND'OSl m., SSriD^S f. (b33) sour; angry, sad. 

PI. ps-h's- f. anbiaal Targ. y. Gen. xl, 6 (O. ybtja). 

Targ. Prov. XXV,^! [Y. Shek. IV, 48 b bot. pb^as, read : 
•jirwa, v. pa ch.] 

'jO'02, Y. Keth. XII, 35 a 'S . . . . "flan, v. KltiT3. 

PJP^DSI (^p^Ml) m. (beneficium, [kvscpixiov) 
favor, grant] esp. the rights of a privileged person con- 
cerning the protection of his character. Tanh. Korah (ed. 
Bub.)addit.2(cmp.Tanh.ib. 8) ^bah nS blB haiSlDlttA iffla 
-jban la ppiS ias iBptitt) (corr.acc.) this is to be compared 
to a sponsor of the King's daughter who claimed satis- 
faction of the King on the ground of his privileges. He 
said to the King iJ>1B "3 5>31M yy& bX if thou wilt not 
stand up for my privileges &c; Num.B. s. 18 ~\b$) ppB33 
(corr. ace). 

pnjJ^b^Zl m. pi. (beneflciarii, pevecpwaXioi) the 
commander's attendants, orderlies. Sifre Deut, 317 ("^3 
p-ipiS, binp1& iSS corr.acc); Yalk.Deut. 944 tsn^TU '3 l!>!* 
those are their (the Boman) beneflciarii. 



»rj:a, v 



pi. ( ]/"^S, v - *22) cavities dug around the 
ye the water,=h. "Via 2). M. Kat. 4 b . 



73H1 pi., v. itflia.- [V. also 13.] 



Dj3 (sec. r. of b3, v. bbS) to ferment, get sour; trnsf. 
to be angry, agitated. Dan. II, 12, Targ. Y. Gen. XL, 2. 
Targ. Bsth. II, 21 IfiSpl IbaS (ed. Vien. 1B33, corr. ace), 
lb. IV, 17 '31 bbai (ed. Vien. '31, corr.acc, h. 'text 13S11 !) ; 
v. bba. — Part. pass, b^aa, v. Xb^aa. Denom. p&3. 



5*033 n 



(preced.) anger, ill-humor. Targ. Job XVI, 
, some ed. Xbaa). 



I^Bffl/^pEaa,^ 



ppiaiaa 



DTHSSl f. pi. (=p^&3; cmp. (kvfapiv for (Mviapia, 
S.) bathing apparel. Gen.B.s.45 '31 '31 tJiiVi (Ar. rvfi*iS3, 
some ed. tlVflfi) buckets and bathing apparel did she 
make her carry &c; Yalk. Gen. 79 hWiViib (corr.acc). 

fctrP^Hifi f. pi. ch. same. Y. B. Kam. VII, end 6 a 
rT'tlii'nSS 3iba X3X I will carry his bathing clothes (i. e. 
I will be his servant; cmp. B. Mets. 41 a ; Brub. 27 b ; 
Snh. 62 b ). 

r O"lDi, y. Kii. ix, 32 b top, v. p't^m 

SSrCfi* "JPJJS, pi. of sera. 

D^D3, v. pa, pa. 

JlpTOn, Y. Snh. VII, 25 d , v. ripiria ch. 

^DS, v. VX 

*Jnt3X&D, Pesik. E. suppl.(p. 197 a ed. Fr.), v. XBbrj. 



" I !3D2DD, Num. E. s. 10, v. ^abab. 
M CQ a mnemotechnical device, representing hah3, 
■jTlbn, fnlM and SttlTin. Hull. 42 ab . 

"iJltDH, Lam. B. to III, 7 KiiaiS bffl '3 (Yalk. a. 1. 
niiais its (S131S) 155.) prob. to be read:'"«bh the lock- 
ing up of Jerusalem by the Arabs, v. ib. to I, 5.— [For 
VPWIB >1B KIBbp ibid., read d^ail.] 

S'iHIDS m. (tibS). sweet-meat, delicacy.— PI. "vo-lba. 
Brub. T 82 b ;'Meg. 7 b '=1 'ab xnill Ms. M. (ed, sing., Var. 
in ed. Nata, na^ba) for delicacies there is always room 
(appetite). V. W1D3. 

.0103, read WOa. 

fcOiOS, NTTliba, y. itoa. 

STIIOS f-, pi- hiTiba (Ib3) first-ripe fruits, first 
priestly gifts. Keth. 16 b 'a bffl bis Ar. (ed. STVffiQ), expl. 
fiai^n i«5 p*< bis. Y. ib. n,26 b top hiniba hw rvan (ed. 
Krot. nmaja). 

Sjs'uDB m. pi. (pE<JTta,pl.=vestes)^ar»MeMfe. Num. 
B. s. 7 'il'diVs. [Prob. our w. was a gloss to 3^3.] 

02, ^03 (v. bba) to trample upon; hence (with 
-a) to despise; v. "jai; cmp. ttiaa. 

Pa. ^&a 1) same. Y.Ter. VIII, end, 46 c "Wia xb ^baa xb 
'31 (read " 1 &Qh) despise neither a Boman of low stand- 
ing &c. ; (Gen'.E. s.63 plan Kb).— *2) (Arab. Ba) to drive, 
instigate. Gen. B. s. 79, end, heard an Arab say to his 
neighbor '31 "D h&aa MS ha (some ed. '3a, corr. ace.) 
why art thou driving me? and he meant to say IIS Ha 
ia nte»a (Tar. h&5>a) why wilt thou force me?— from 
which they learned the meaning of bhlbSl, Mai. Ill, 21. 

&Op3 (Ar.), 5T012 m. (v. preced.;=h. hSisS?) m- 
difference, willful negligence. Targ. Y. Ex. XXII, 8 '13a 
(corr. ace). Y.B.Mets. V, 10 b bot. '33 hha if the animal 
died through negligence; Tosef. ib. V, 10 SWtna ed. 
Zuck. (Var. '3a). B. Kam. 116 b '31 '133 (Var. '33; Ms. M. 

stjbiaa, '133). 
'JtO, y..im 
013^03, 01 Jlb^OS, read tri-Vta. 

Oifct^OS ((3a<JiXeo>£, Genit. of PaaiXeuc) ; v. bi^ba. 
Y. E. Hash. I, T 57 a bot., v. bisnSX. 

ITTDS 1) m. (PasiXeioM, to) royal seat, palace. Y. 
Snh. II, 2*/ '31 rT>T>1 '3 bs aw X3ba (read '3 •n) the 
King sits in his palace, and thou sayest thou art the 
King?— 2) (genit. of [fosiXeta, Ta) of the palace, or of the 
royal affairs. Gen. B. s. 93 '3 plBB (iraTpwv tuW paai- 
XsJiov) swpen'wtowfeMt o/ &c. 

Ot^OS, OI^OS m. (PaaiXsu;) Ainiy. Y. Ber. 
IX, 12 d "bot.[ Gen. E.'s. 8 T (corr. ace). 

" 1 j5T l p3 ( n pb03) f. (PauiXuy), sub. aToa) basilica, 
a building with colonnades for holding courts, also meet- 
ing place for merchants, exchange, forum. Yoma 25 a 



flVna '3 pa3 was built in the style of a large basilica 
(semicircular). Tosef. Succ. IV, 6 (describing the Alexan- 
drian Synagogue); Succ. 51 b . Gen. E. s. 68 '31 '3b b^VlS 
one goes up to the basil, and finds the King holding 
court. Ex. E. s. 15; Tanh. Haye 3 '31 'a bSX stall} per- 
haps he wanted me to wait for him near the basilica 
(on the forum). Esth. B. to I, 3. Toh. VI, 8 ; Tosef. ib. 
VII, 12; a.fr. [Y. B.Bath. IV, 14 c bot. ^pbb3, v. bi3b3.]— 
PI. nixp^ba. Ab. Zar. 16 b '31 pi 'a tl)blt> there are three 
kinds of basilicas, for Kings (holding court), for baths, 
and royal treasuries (to fiaaiXtxov, sub. tocjasiov, S.). 
Tosef. Ohol. XVIII, 18 selling wheat 'pbtZ} '33 in their 
(the gentiles') exchanges. [Lev. E. s. 34 ipbb3,read "'pV'Ba.] 

D'OS, v. taba. 

D^oa, aeroa m., aa">p3, m&vz t («») 

boiled, ripe, whence 1) (Var. b^bi, b^&a, Xa^b'a) sweet, 
pleasant, well-seasoned &c. (=h. 3"©). Targ. Ps. OXLI, 2 
(h. text 31S, translated in both senses); a. fr.— Keth. 104 a 
top WlilX '31 t/ety-Kft which lies high and whose air is 
pleasant (temperate). E. Hash. l 21 a '31 K^UJ3H '3 (Ms. 
M. 2 margin '3 ha3; v. Eabb. D. S. a. 1. note 80) how 
well tastes the food of the Babylonians on the day when 
in Palestine they observe the Day of Atonement! B. 
Mets. 60 a '3 mfl xb (the wine) was not good. Ib. 69 b 
'31 '31 SCWl that there is good and bad wine. Ber. 56 a 
-pan '3 thy wine will be good.— PI. pff<ba, fern. )&%&, 
Sha^bS (alsoasnouns, as h.WB'W, ma^SJ). Targ.Y.Num. 
XXXlil,28 sq.; a. e.— V.^ai&a.— 2) (cmp. xbn) ferment- 
ing, sour. Y. Maas. Sh. IV, 55 c top b^ba puna .... siah 
this man's (thy) wine shall turn sour (ferment); v. p&a. 
Lam. B. to I, 1 (bi^njta in 7) b^ba-l im and one bag 
with sour wine. Ib. b^bn xaibai the dripping of the 
sour wine bubbles. Ib. pixni3 "in) biba n^13 piBSI and 
it will all turn sour. 

fctXTDSl* ^H&^ m- (v. preced. 2) fermenting wine, 
wine turned into vinegar. Lam. E.' to III, 40 'niblSI "pi* 
sian xaib3 piia Ar. (ed. s^an sa^bi '3 insnb n^x; read 
'13-1 pa, strike out Sa^bl) when the endive (the cabbage) 
is bitter, the fermenting wine turns sour (sin begets sin). 
Cant. E. end, if the vineyard is cut before its time, "'SS 
'31 n*>ab3 even its vinegar is not good. 

nEPpIll f. same. Y. Pes. Ill, beg. 29 d formerly..... 
the wine (in Judsea) never turned sour, and they put in 
barley to make it sour, whence it was called DOaT-ft 'a 
Southern vinegar (fermentation,=h. Tffrwn pain). 

^niD^&S f. (ptsl) sweetness. Targ. Ps. XXVII, 4; a. e. 

N'Q^OS m. pi. (bba;=h.bia3n) embalming process. 
Targ^ Y. Gen. L, 3. 

"ppS m. pi. (bsa) vinegar. '33 S321 pbn 3bJia h« 
thou wilt take lettuce and dip in vinegar. [Prob. b^bS.] 

pTa,v.w». 

b^pS m. (bia, bb3; formed like "pSS) anything to 
tread upon; footstool, stand, base (=b.h. ■jB/haiaa). Kel. 



XI, 7 'am rriBfi the bud (receptacle of the candlestick) 
and the stand. Lev. E. s. 2fi ; Cant. E. to V, IS like a 
column which has '31 iBaba '3 a base beneath &e.; Tank, 
B'har 1. Y. Ab. i!ai\ Ill, 42 d top '3 p^s* "paiia when 
there is upon them (the idolatrous emblems) no stand 
(indicating that they were intended for practical use). lb. 
'31 fip-fii MD3 Oft (corr. ace.) if the eup serves as a 
stand for the dragon (idolatrous emblem), it (the cup) is 
forbidden; a.fr. — Trnsf. (in Sabbath law) whatever is sub- 
servient to another object, e. g. the case in which a book 
is kept, the table upon which a lamp is placed, Sabb, 1 17 11 
"Ylbxn lyih '3 subservient to an object which must not 
be handled on the Sabbath; a. fr.~V. ^CS, rwoa. 

D^DS, ND" l DS f, ch. same. Targ. I Kings VII, 30; 
a. fr.— y! Sabb/XVII, 16 b top i-r^m 'a its (the delphioa's) 
pedestal. Y. Succ. V, 55 b bot. whatever (structure) stands 
isolated being one hundred feet high 'SI '5 ^Si requires 
a buttress (in the shape of an ascent) of thirty three 
cubits on eacli side.— Pi. KJSnoa. Targ. I Kings VII, 27 ; 

^OXB, rPD^DS. rPDDS t (=oioa ; ooa.) /W- 
stool, base', standi step'.— PI. riiwroa Ar., (ITO. riTO&a. 
Kel.XXIV, 6 "{n 'Ha aftli) (Ar. "OS) there are three stands, 
one before the bed (step) &c. Num. E, s.10, beg. hW&a, 
v. CHa. 

"PpS in., kCPtS f. 1) (laa) (itfi) contemned, con-, 
temptike. Targ. Ps. XV, 4; a.fr.— PI. "fnrbZ, fem. ynfas. 
Targ. Mai. II, 9; I, 12. Targ. Jud. IX, 4, v. SOJaail.— 
'. 1CS II. 



SiTfiTpS f. (preced,) contempt. Targ. Ps. CXXIII, 3. 

^pboD, v. 1?bm 

QpS, QttKl ( J/^, ffi3 > cmp. Viia, to fcoiV, Wjwm, te 
warm, ferment) to be sweet, pleasant, phasing. Itam. E. 
to 1, 9 "|i> Q&a^l "]b lISi may (the sacrifice) be sweet unto 
thee (Moloch), may it be pleasing unto thee. Gen. R. 
s. 85 '=1 BlClai tfit a-Oi (Talk. Gen. 144, Josh. 35 Db3">) 
may (the wine you drank) he sweet to you, may it well 
agree with you. — Denom. H&ia. 

Pi. &HS, fi&^a, B^a to make a person look well, esp. 
(denom, of b&ia) to perfume with oil &c. Mx, E. s. 2a a 
bricle nrflfct .T^saan nnlSX ^maps is adorned and made 
handsome (her toilet is attended to). — Part. pass, fi&iaa, 
f. nawaa, 'iffiaa perfumed, sweet &o. Nam . R. «. 20 hmuipa 
'301 in full' toilet. Tosef. Ber. VI (V), 5 it is not becom- 
ing for a scholar bbiaa XSNU to go out with perfumed 
oil on his head; Ber. 43 b li)iaa. B. Bath. VI, 3 'aa yi"i 
sweet wine (guaranteed as not sour). [Pesik. B. s. 21 
DV»n D1IP3; Euth. E. beg. bDtl, read &&ia, v. 6&a.] 

Eithpa. ssanrj,. isanri; Nithpa. Bsan, 'iBaro \) to 
perfume one's self with oil &c. Gen.E.s. 17.— 2) to ieeotwe 
exhilarated, to feel the wine. Koh. R. to XI, .9 finiDn ^aiK 
tlfll he ate and drank and felt well. — 3) trnsf. to grow 
better, improve. Gen. E. s, 67, end rbv Wl iiat?ap; 
hia character grew better (play on na!»a Gen. XXVI, 34). 
—[lb. s. 66 bVish Huaro, v. tea.] 



DOS ch. same, Targ. By. XV, 25; a. fr.— Part. pass: 

twa, v.' a^&a. 

Pa. d^ba 1) to sweeten, season; trnsf. to mofce happy, 
to delight. Targ. Y.Hum. XVIII, 19. Targ. Ps. OXIX, 122; 
a. e. — Succ. 51*; Arakh. ll a wip instead to sweeten the 
sound (by means of instrumental accompaniment). — 2) to 
embalm. Targ. T. Gen. L, 2; 26.— Part. pass, BB3a. Targ. 
O. XXX, 25. 

Ithpa. Wfiarfw, Ithpe. Bbarnst, contr. fti&aist l) to be 
sweet, wet^seasoned, prepared. Targ. Job XXIV, 20. Targ. 
Y. Ex. XXX, 25 QtsariH; a . e.— 2) to be embalmed. Targ. 
Y. Gen. L, 3.-3) to 6e cheerful, feel the wine ; cmp. Katlba. 
Snh. 38* MOa*^ "jTa when they were feeling the wine. 
Sabb.66 b . B.Bath. 73 1 * bot.— Meg. 7 b "Wf&aV H»"*< Wr^n 
'31 (=i»1t:a^isb, v. fiashi a. 1.) one must cheer himself 
up with wine &e. lb. Ol&aiS they were feeling the wine 
(v. Eabb. D. S. a. 1. note). [Targ.- Cant. II, 5 Q&ah!*, t. OSS.] 

D£Q> D^5 m. (preoed.) 4e«?er in, or manufacturer 
of, spices, perfumes &c,; druggist. Kidd. 82 h . Tosef. ib. 
H, 2; 4. Y. Ber. IX, I3 C bot. B.Mete.56 b if one sells his 
(cancelled) notes 'ib to a druggist (for wrapping paper); 
a, fr.— [Tosef. Ber. VI (V), 8 ed. Zuck. Dli)13.]— P^H&a, 
•pa&a, 'to. Sabb. 81*. 

5AJ3&S, v. xait?^. 

DpS (sec r. of b. h. S*Q) to tread, stamp, pile up. 
Ukts. I, T 5 stalks of eatable plants (straw &o.) ^13 )VcaaO 
which the owner packed in the barn; Succ. 14 a l ]t}6a ^Ko 
what does this b'sasan mean? E. . . . says lCaa '5 he 
really stamped them (threshed); E. . . says- past Tnn 
he untied them (for the purpose of piling the stalks 
closer by treading upon them). [Pesik. Hahod. p. 45* ; 
Pesik.E.8.15 rnDW3 Y*\, read with Nnm.Rs, 11 niftbia, 
v. DM.] 

.Pi'DSia (denom. of trtXi) to establish firmly, to fosmd, 
to put on a secure basis. Cant. E. to I, 9 S^ISh '3 ioi 
and who gave'the world a firm basis?; (ibid. VII, 1 ; Ruth. 
E. beg.; Pesik. E. s. 21 dt^3, BCD eorr. ace.).— Part. 
pass. &»aa ^rw»i^ established. Num. E. s. 15; Tanh. 
B'haal. 11 lisa^'aa lisSS (not tt&13a) His throne is firmly 
established above, whBn Israel &e. 

Nithpa. tfearo to be firmly established, to rest safely. 
Num.B.s. 12 after the Sanctuary was erected t&Wri 'ahs 
the world became firm. Ib. as soon as they made a 
third leg for thB table (v. ipCilB), 'MIS it stood firm ; Tanh. 
T'rum. 9. Gen. E. s. 66 tfcw Qfflaril (corr. ace,); Yalk. 
Ps. 811. 

DD3. oh, same. Part. pass. S^ba based,. firtp. Targ. 
. Cant. V, 15. 

Pa. Oi&a as preced. Pi. Targ. II Chr. Ill, 3. 
Ithpa. OSaW as preced. Nithpa. Targ.Cant. II, 5 (not 
6D3n«). 

n^p&S, v. nisiaa. 

"IDS I ( j/ba, v.-Gba) to tread upon; trnsf. (T.osa) 
to contemn (with>S>); to be .overbearing (with a). Ex. 



1D3 



R. s. 42, end ^S ITn&ia hrVSl "p so did she slight me. 
Ib. s. 3 beg.; s. 45 "aYitt mitt 1&13 he will treat his pro- 
phetic mission lightly. Tanh. Bkeh 1 pts. TO have I 
become overbearing because I observed thy commands ? 
(Tanh. ed. Bub. 2 ih1B3, v. note a. 1.). lb. Mikkets 10 
'31 nS1D3 1&13 Xfnn xls be not haughty in happiness, so 
as to refuse to pray. lb. (ed.Bub.) Emor 29 *jrV&9 1013; 
Tanh. ib. 20 (some ed. 1H13, corr. ace.) thinks lightly of 
them. — Part. pass. "fltta, fem. ttlTOS contemptible. Tanh. 
Sh'moth 11. ' ' 

Pi "teTa same. Ex. B. s. 1 iv4s 'ai (some ed. 19131) 
and he despised it (idolatry). Tanh. Ekeb 1 some ed. 
TYlC^a, v. supra. 

IDS ch. same. Targ. Ps. LXIX, 34; a. fr. 

Pa. ii&3. 1£>3 same. Targ. 0. Num. XV, 31 ed. Berl.; 
a. fr. ; [in ed. sometimes 1U»].— Targ. I Sam. XI, 12 Ibaa 
~\ZM& spoke sneeringly.— Y. Ber. II, 5 C hot. STiaW 1SJ 13 
ffb S1&30 one whom his mother (Palestine) despises and 
his stepmother (Babylon) honors; v. HK. Y. Snh. 1, 19 a top ; 
Y. Ned. VI,40 a 'jinmoaa KS3 Cprrtoa»; read 11(13 103a) 
he wanted to despise them (reject their authority). 

~ltS II ( j/ba, v. d&3) to begin to boil, to be in the 
first stage of ripening; v. next w. — Denom. I&ia, ttli&3. 
— Trnsf. (v. itoa) to be glad. Gen. E. s. 34 end (play on 
1tt)3 3^>, Ezek. XXXVI, 26), [read as] Yalk. Gen. 61 ab 
ll^an itt) lpbnai&13 a heartrejoicingin the good fortune 
of his neighbor.— V. liffil. 

"IDS cb ~ same - !) Part - I" 1 *? 3 m -< *t?®2 f-. P 1 - IT* 1 ? 
in the early stage of ripening. Targ. Y. Ex. IX, 34 

p^53 . . . SfMlSD Ar. (ed. S*1**3 . . . . Slflfi, K1t>3, read 
K11D3; h. text aiax).— 2) to be cheerful; v. itos. 

"ID^IH, ^"l&S /M, v. lias, sito. 

!!<1"H& 3, Pesik. Bahod. p. 154 b , read Sfwi&ip. 

itnW'l&S f. (1031) contempt. Targ.JobXJI,21; a.e. 

~|"?]D3 (read 'a&s) m. (vestiarius, peiruoipios S.) 
the keeper of the (royal) wardrobe. Pesik. B. s. 10. 

*!tf]2?C3 ('DID) m. (reduplic. of pD3=pt3; cmp. 
Mand. »poW=KpW, Nold. Mand. Gr. p. 62; Syr. Xnotl= 
tffTO, P. Sm. 520) jug, pitcher; cmp. 7]ja. Hull. 49 b . 

KH*92, v. ansa. 

2?1SS3 m. (v.next w.) easting bubbles, bulging, bulge. 
Mikv. X, 4 (of garments dipped in water until they are 
soaked through) 'jSiasaa IttlJiland cease from bulging* 
T'bul Yom II, 8 rparnii) '3 (an imperfection in an earthen 
jug) a protuberance. 

?S3?£ (Pilp. of S!S;' cmp: pasa) 1) to cast bubbles, 
to form protuberances, to bulge. Mikv. X, 4 isasia"!© IS 



until they (the garments dipped in water) form bulges; 
v. preced. Yalk. Sam. 157 ; Midr. Till, to Ps. XVIII, 3 
(read:) 1^5> 11111 SSS3a ttntDatt latt) mniB the oil' of. 
anointment camebubbling down upon him. — 2) to struggle 
in the water, swim. Y. Sabb. XIII, 14 b top. ; Y'. Sot. 
Ill, 19 a top. '31 '3a pTJifi a child struggling in the river. 
Y. Yoma HI, 41 a '31 'aa Wtnn commenced casting up 
bubbles from under- the ship (Bab. ib. 38 a nS3Saaj. 

3?33~1 ch. (v. "TO) to ask entrance, knock at the door. 
Lev. E. s. 21; Pesik. Ahare, p. 177 a S3S3a mil used to 
knock. [Ar. reads S3S3, quoting Lev. B. 1. c. also for a 
Hebrew verb S3S3b; Bashb. to Pes. 112 a quotes S3S5.] 

1V2, (Arab.) to keep off. Imper. IV ISax. Cant. B. 
to IV, 1 (ref . to 1S3a ib.) '31 131S 'b it is Arabic; if one 
desires to say to one, Make room for me (or, Let me alone), 
he says ^ 1SQIS (some ed. 1S3a). 

?lSQ,y.'«3. 

'12S, ^ffl^S f. (T»a) prayer. Targ. Jer. VII, 16: 
Targ. II Sam. VII, 20; a. fr.— 1»aa (in prayer) I pray 
(h. ia, 8.1). Targ. Gen. XIX, 7. Ib. XLIV, 18; a. v. fr. 
[Targ. Ps. XLIII, 4, v. JSU1S13II.] 

tGIS'S m. (£JS3) 1) treading grapes, or trodden grapes. 
Targ. Is.'X, 33 ; Targ. Joel IV, 13 (ed. EilSa); Targ. Is. - 
LXin, 3 BW1-2) a kick with the foot. Y. Taan. IV, 68 d 
bot. '31 'a 1h rri> art* he gave him one kick and killed 
him; Lam. E. to II, 2 mlttia JWSa in. 

TB&, &0193 (TS&) m. (1SS) tow/i, /?re (h. 1^)- 
Targ. 0. T Gen. X XV, T 17 (Y.Vsaa); a. e.— J?, yiwa, sjisisa. 
Targ. Nah. II, 5 '-isa (ed.Vien.). Targ. Job XLl' ll"; a.e. 
— B. Mets. 85 b KttJsh '3 (Ms. M. 1131). 

KSTO&, y.wa. 

T32III (/sa, v. 313) to swe«, 6«%e. Midd. Ill, 8 
siasa"! sAtt) marg. vers, (or Wasa 1 ; Nif.; text BSa^ sing.) that 
the walls should not bulge. 

T2§3ll (b. h.; y?Q, akin to p, B3) to trample, 
strike, kick. Y. Yoma VIII, 45 b top mis iriosa a mule 
kicked him. Ex. B. s. 30 ^"©3 'a knocked against the 
prison door (burst it open). Ab. Zar. IV, 8 fiawa n5 a 
wine press packed with stamped grapes. — Trnsf. (with a) 
to resist, reject. Sabb. 104 a , v. D"ns. 

Pi. OS'S same. B. Kam. II, 1. naS3a rihirt if the 
animal kicked. Ber. 32 a ; a. e. — Trnsf. to kick against, 
rebel, be contumacious. Sot. 22\ Y. Ber. IX, 14 b bot., 
a. e. 'pll&iia EiSaa bearing suffering with contumacy 
(instead of showing repentance). Pesik. E. s. 47 ; Yalk. 
Job 908 '3a birtnn (sub. ^no^a) began to be contum- 
acious (challenging the Lord). 

ta?!3, ta" 1 ^ ch. same. Targ. Hos. IV, 16; a. e.— 
Y. Saob. VII, ll a bot.; Y. Shek. Ill, 47 c rVa '3 rejected 
his authority. 



Pa. QSa, isiya to tread {grapes). Targ. Lam. I, 15. 
Ithpe. aisanjt to be trodden. Targ. Joel IV, 13; Targ. 
Is. LXIII, 3; a. e. 

"]E5£l m., ri n D T ^3f.(preoed.)^a6iiMa^«er, 5m«- 
jmy. B/Mets. 80 a ; Tosef. B. Bath. IV, 6. 

n SO, TVil (b. h.; /Sa, akin to na, 13, v. tfO, a) to 
eraser iwto, split; b) to 6e empty, bare). Part, nsia, v. infra. 

Hif. inSSlri to fa# feflfe, destroy the crop. B. Kam. 1, 1 
nsaart damaging the crop (ref. to Ex. XXII, 4). lb. 3 b 
Rab says dlfct nt ilS3a the damaging force in theMishnah 
means that of a human being (ransacking, searching); 
for we read (Is. XXI, 12) TOa IVSan dlx if ye desire to. 
enter &c. (where !"I53 refers to human action); Samuel 
says, "pen HI il5>3a the mabeh of the Mishnah refers to 
the tooth, i. e. to an animal's eating up the crop, for it 
says (Obad. 6) VOSSa 15>3i its hidden treasures were laid 
bare (made empty,' — which refers, to eating up). lb. 
(argument against Samuel) nsai "Wlp ^a the Mishnah 
does not use the Nifal (which may mean eaten up); 
(argument against Rab) TOia tlhp "*a the Mishnah does 
not use the Kal (which may refer to human action) but 
theHifll "to cause damage" — through the animal. — Tosef. 
ib. IX, 1. 

■&S1 1, NS^ ch.(v.preced. ; cmp.'pa) 1) to search, in- 
quire, ask, examine. Targ.Jud.VI,29 (h. text U)p3); a.fr. 
— Ber. 2 b '31 ijtrt Xi»aa rb ISai and put it as a question (not 
as an argument), Does this uba hash-shemesh mean &c. ? 
(opposed to preceding '31 "'Still i&taal how can it be proven 
that &c). T. Hall. I, 57 b fTO . . . pi the Eabbis of . . . 
asked. B. Kam. 33 a 'SI aia . . . 5W3 E. asked B. N.; a. v. 
fr. — 2) to ask, pray, frequ. 'padl 'a to ask for mercy, pray. 
Targ. Y. Num. XII, 13; a. fr.— Ber. 8 a lam tCJiS iSa?J 
man should pray &c, v. 56l3T. Ib. 10 a imite ia)Tl isa 
'SI pray thou for them that they may repent ; a. fr. — 

3) to ask, want, desire; to require. Targ. Ex. II, 15; 
a.fr., — Pes. 9 a flpi13 isai and it (the house) requires search- 
ing over again. Keth. 39 b *\b -WSS tib I do not want 
thee. B.Kam. 102 b/ S1 JWS3 13">i1pi i&I want neither your 
honor nor your disrespect; a. fr. — Pes. 2 a ilYOtt} 133 must 
give praise.— xaix nisa i», usu. aaii* niyaix, v. msa^x. 
[T. Yeb. XII, 13 a top tb inn 6WS, please, give us.]— 

4) (ellipt.) to beg leave to say; to remark, assert. Y. Ber. 
I, 2 b top. Y. Peah II, beg. 16 d ; a. fr. 

Ithpe. ^sanst 1) to be searched for, to be wanted. Targ. 
Jer. L, 20; a. fr.— 2) to be urged, hurried. Targ. I Sam. 
XXIII, 26. Targ. II Sam.. IV, '4 PRWanxa when she was 
hurried; v. SSa. 

Ithpa. contr. "©aix 1) to be asked. Pes. 4 b , a. v. fr. 
lilV i*;saijji it was asked by them (the scholars), i. e. the 
argument came up. — 2) to be required; it ought to. Ib. 7 b 
ifb isa^a la KSi it ought to read yatsa bo (he has- done 
his duty). Ib. 15 a tfb 'a mala it ought to be midd'barav 
(not middibrehem); a. fr.— B. Kam. 2l b ipte^ irb 'X 
sns>1 he ought to have borne in mind ; a- fr.— IKTSaia ib 
there is no question. 1V1BX xV. . . . . 'a s£> there is no 
question as to . . . ., but even . . . .; not only .... but. 
Pes. 4 b 'si xbx...Sinsa 'a Vb not only in a place where 



they pay no wages for searching, but do it themselves, 
(is there no cause for withdrawing from the agreement,) 
because a man likes to perform a religious duty : but even 
in a place where they pay wages, (there is no cause &c.,) 
for a man likes &c. B. Kam. 54 b 11U3 'a i6 lasp %xb 
'SI the Mishnah states a case of 'not only'; not only for 
an ox . . . is he responsible, but even &c. ; a. v. fr. — 
X'jsaia is there any question?; v. XFHBi. 
Af. isax to let burst forth, v. stt^ a. S33. 

""SElII (v. isa, i-isa) to open wide (the mouth), to 
yawn (of leopards). Targ. II Esth. I, 2 y^sa "plai. 

CVS/ZL m. 1) (preeed.) yawn, gap. Constr. 15a. tab '3 
greed. "Targ. Prov. XXI, 4 (h. text 3^> am). — 2) (isai) 
question. PI. iTSa. Snh. 106 b 'a niNa '1 four hundred 
questions. Ib. '3 "Waa^ StrYOI is there any greatness in 
asking questions? 



.&TS?3 fpsa) pr. n. 
publican, "snh. 44 b XbSlx 
tssia 'a. 



]. Baya (Mayan), name of a 
'3 (not 's^a); Y. Hag. II, 77 d 



(S^SS f. (part, of i5>a) desirous. Y. Taan. I, 64 b bot. 
'SI '3 X3X I want to see what I can do to relieve him. — 
PI. m. i^a. Ib. a top iS3 X1S1 ">">5>a "jinsO na^X whenever 
ye are desirous (that he should come), he is willing to. 

ansa, v. **% 

UVZ, v. asa. 

JTD^B f. (asa) 1) fcictty-. Y. B.Kam. I, beg. 2 a (of 
animals).' Bab. ib. 27 b fflan '3*> for kicking with' one's 
foot &c. 2) beating (with one's fist). Men. VI, 5 (76 a ) 
■pana '31 ilB"HI3 rubbing and beating refer to the prep- 
aration of the wheat of the meat-offering (prior to grind- 
ing); E. Y. says pS33 (Mish. S)j* incorr.) beating refers 
to the dough. Ib. Gem. Var. pS33 '31 diB"»ra fiSTO; Tosef. 
ib. VHI, 14. 



b^ss, v. 



tea a. xtea. 



ny^il f. (tea) sea»aZ intercourse. Keth. 3 a WHO 
nwn\isa.in^sa5 pi the Eabbis (in this case) have 
declared his coition (by which he wanted to establish 
marriage), a mere act of prostitution (annulled his mar- 
riage). Ib. 73 a , a. e. rYtti rfjisa inbiS3 SIBIS BIX p!* the 
presumption is that nobody wants to make his inter- 
course with a woman one of prostitution (but wants to 
make her his wife thereby).— Ib.4 a ffixa nteS3 the marital 
duty, i.e. first coition; frequ. rfllttijn '3. Y.Macc.II,31 d ; 
a. fr.— PI. nfttJa. Sabb. 72 a ; a. fr. 

fSSlffl, v. xss>a. 

""yB II m. (part. pass, of a verb ^53, denom. of 
XSSa) tinned, wrapt in tin-foil. Targ. Jer. XXXII, 11 
(a. 14, in some ed.) b">nm '3 3"ins written, wrapt in tin- 
foil and tied up (v. bnpl) with a seal, opp. to WflfiB KIHtt) . 



T?3,v.nsa. 

"l" 1 ^,.^"}" 1 ^ ch. c. (b. h. *rt&; ISa; cmp. also 
fnsa) grazing animal, cattle. Targ. Gen. I, 24 sq.; a. fr. — 
Y.B. Mets. II, 8 c bot.; Lev. B. s. 27, a. e. iStpipl '3 S»»a« 
caftfe; v. nana.— Pesik. B'shall. p. 93 a 'a'lb pn« get an 
animal ready ifor me (for travel). Snh. 105 a (in Hebr. 
diet., play on ll'sa). 

JTS£, v. nsa. 

5«?3 (b. h.; jAsa, y. nSa, to e»tor mfo, take posses- 
sion) [in b. h. to fee master, protect;] to have sexual 
intercourse (both legal or illicit), to embrace a woman. 
Kidd. 9 b '31 la^a ftbSM 'and he embraced her' (Deut. 
XXIV, 1), this intimates that woman can be acquired as 
wife by intercourse, v. JWa. — tela Z<wef, adulterer, con- 
trad, to tea husband. Sot. V, 1, a. fr. teab WilbNlB bffiD 
teiaV .... as well as the woman suspeoted of adultery 
is forbidden to he* husband (who must separate himself 
from her), so is she forbidden to the lover (who cannot 
marry her after leaving her husband). Yeb. 103 a SatB 
'31 '3 niV<5a that wicked man had seven sexual connect- 
ions &c; a.fr. — Part.pass.f. r6lS>a one no longer a virgin, 
opp. to SiVinS; married woman, opp. to fiblix, v. b^ix. 
Keth. 10 b ; a. fr.— PI. hftwa. Y. Kidd. I, 58 b bot.; a.fr. 

Nif- fiteaj she had intercourse. Keth. 5 a . . . tiKii!" 1 : 
'31 ntea?! is married on the fourth day and embraced 
in the' night of the fifth day of the week. lb. 3 b teain 
'31 I&SbIj must first be surrendered to the (Roman) officer 
(jus primse noctis) ; a. fr. — Masc. teai (of the hermaphro- 
dite). Tosef. Bice. II, 5; Y. Yeb. VIII, 9 d bot. 

353> ^ n ?^ oh. same. Targ. O. Deut. XXI, 13 ; a. fr.— 
Keth. 6 b tea^aV "Wi because he is anxious to perform his 
marital duty. lb. V^sa xVl T*"ib1 he is excited because 
he has not &c; a. fr. 

Pa. tea, part. pass. f. tfteaa married, having had inter- 
course. Targ. Buth I, 12 ; a. e. 

Ithpe. xteaiK as preced. Nif. Yoma 19 b Ha3 ksasfl, 
'31 (Ms. M. VWW) and how many virgins have been 
seduced (to-day) in Nahardea! 

5S3 m. (b. h. ; preced.) 1) husband. Kidd. I, 1 and 
she becomes her own master 'afi nn">aai una through a 
letter of divorce or on the husband's death; a. v. fr. — 
2) the idol Baal. Y. Ab. Zar. Ill, 43 a bot. ff^i ffliCi 'a 
'31 nifl the Baal was the phallus and had the shape of 
a bean [read*|lSi«l].'— 3) [the fructifier,] rain (v.Taan.6 b ; 
cmp. Is. LV, 10). 'a ms a field sufficiently watered by rain 
and requiring no artificial irrigation. Tosef. M. Kat. I, 1 

'an (nia) stub. B.Bath.in, l. Tosef. Succ 11,7 'a bw rats 

(sub. nia) a willow in a naturally watered field. lb. 
Shebi. II, 4 'a Vtl>n (='3 bw maa), opp. ipHi) bv. Num. 
B. s. 16 the Egyptian gods bfl 1pti5 ilB (read iplB) are 
gods of artificial drainage, but those of Canaan bin 'a !>tt) 
are gods of rain; (Tanh. Sh'lah 13, through misunder- 
standing, (13 itea . . ynpttJ. — 4) (mostly in compounds) owwer 
of, master of , possessed of, given to &c; e. g. -rrras 'a 
owner of alostobject; irnsa'amasterof Agadah, lecturer; 



pi 'a opponent in court; v. infra. Pes. 86 b iSK blUM "a I 
am so named. — P£. b^tea, "ptea owners; mostly as sing. 
owner. B. Mets. VIII, 1 ; a. fr. [Y. Dem. Ill, 23 b bot. 
T»te3, read pteaK] 

Compounds: niaiDha 'a He who knows man's thoughts. 
Snh. I9 b . — Ib/a^tea those entertaining considerations (of 
fear), hesitating to do justice. — naiffl 'a gray-haired. Ned. 
Ill, 8.— naiffin O repentant sinner. Succ. 53 a ; a. fr. — 
niaiiBn 'a a man of many objections or excuses. Gen. B. 
s. 20 beg. — [For other compounds, not self-evident, see 
the respective determinants.] 

&02I3, constr. Visa, tea ch. same. I) husband. Targ. 
0. Ex. XXI, 3 ; a. fr.— Taan. 6 b '31 'a XTja the rain is 
the husband (fructifier) of the field; v. preced. 3). — 
2) Baal. Targ. Jud. VI, 25 ; a. e— PI. X'jtea. lb. II, 1 1 ; a. fr. 

n'553 f. (preced.) mistress, owner &c. Gen. B. s. 52 
(rendering ntea, Gen. XX, 3, as though ntea) fiteai JBTia 
her husband's mistress. — Compounds are mostly self- 
evident, e. g. BSh ntea the woman receiving the letter 
of divorce ;— WiaiK 'a an animal of large build. Ber. 32 a ; 

v. tea. 

2?>Q (v. HSa; cmp. bfia) to be excited. — Af. Sax to 
hurry. ' Targ. I Kings XXII, 9 fTWo 'K Ar. (ed. S>an, h. 
text nirta) bring .... quickly. Targ. Ezek. XXIV, 5.— 
Part. pass, saa, KSaa ('aa) quick. Targ. Deut. XXXII, 35. 
— PI. pSaa. TargVNum. XXXII, 17. 

Ittaf. sanx to be in a hurry, be anxious. Targ. Ps. 
XXXI, 23 irtisajrap Ms. (ed. TOattsa), Targ. II Kings 
VII, 15; Targ. II Sam. IV, 4, v. .*m I. 

f'S'Sl 1) (dialectic for DSa) to tread. Targ. Ps. XCI, i3 
pisan some ed. (oth. DISan).— 2) to wrap in tin, v. "psa. 

f 23 m. (cmp. pa, v. pas a. lASaiX) tin, plumbum 
album; Kel. XXX, 3 'aa pa 1X1DS if he mended it either 
with &c. B. Bath.89 b (diff. fr. last, a. StlBbiJ, cassiterum, 
v. Sm. Ant. s. v. Plumbum). Men. 28 b ; a. fr. 

JKSISJS, V" 1 ^ ch. same. Targ. Ezek. XXU, 18. Targ. 
Y. Num. XXXI, 22 Ar. a. Levita (ed. WlBtip, O. SSax). 

~#3 (b. h.; j/>a, v. rtSS; cmp.ixa) [to clear,] 1) to 
6«r» (act. a. neut.). Ex. B.'s. 2 n'lSia'lDX burning fire, 
lb. '31 ISia MSbiiffl bttJ3 as the bush is' burning &c. [Num. 
R. s. 9, end 1"5>a bilSiab, read biTbiaV v. "lOial, Var. 
b^lSia^.] — 2) to 6e em^fy. Denom. 1?a.— 3) to eaf wp. 
Denom. TWa. 

P«. nS^a 1) to clear, remove (out of existence or out 
of possession). Pes. 6* 1Sa^> plpt is bound to remove (the 
leaven by burning or otherwise); a. fr. — Shebi. VII, 7 
'a'b 3TI is bound to remove (dispose of the fruits of the 
Sabbath year in due time). [Num. B. s. 9 (p. 230 b ed. 
Amst.) ywi Si!* bfnsaa, read with Yalk. Num. 708, Sifre 
Num. 11 ynsnsaj oth. vers, pliaa, v. Tia.] 2) to clear, 
eat up. B.Kam. 2 b )Wft 11 nsai 'and it clears"' (Ex. XXII, 4) 
this refers to injury by the tooth (animal's eating). [3) (b. 
h.) to start a fire, enkindle. V. fTJSB.] 



Hif.*tV*3n to start or entertain afire, to clear a field. 
Sabb. 20 a (ref. to '31 lisan &6 Ex. XXXV, 3) "«.... isa 
I^Saa nnx 'in all your dwellings' thou art not permitted 
to start a fire; v. fTTSSl. B. Kam. 60 b "WISarflB nisan 
the fire which I set (toZion). Ib.55 b (reft toEx.l.c. 5) is 
l^saa 'pSS 1^351 only when he acts like the one setting 
fire (to clear the field, i. e, criminal negligence) ; a. e. 

Hof. isa*in to be rekindled, to turn again. Sabb. 37 ab . 

H2?Sl I, "PSS ch. same. 1) to burn. Targ. 0. Ex. 
m,2~1S.a ed. Berl. (oth. ed.isa, Part ). Targ. Is. LXII, 1. 
Targ. Ps. XVIII, 9; a. fr.— 2) to remove; to dispose of. 
Tes. 5 b '31 JAIian VTOS dispose ye of the leavened bread 
of the (gentile) soldiers (deposited with you). 

Pa. ISa to enkindle, ignite. Targ. Ex. XXXV, 3. Targ. 
0. Lev. VI, 5 (Mss. a. some ed. ISS? Af.). 

Af. 1S3!* same. Targ. 0. Lev. VI, 5 (v. supra). *Targ. 
Y. I Gen.' XV, 17 f^atti 1T»a.. 

"lyS II (cmp. ^Sa II) to open the mouth wide, to low 
(of oxen; cmp. 1SS). Targ. II Eth. I, 2 "pSia (some edit. 
■pSS). 

nnlSSl f. (b. h.; ISa) /ire, conflagration. B. Kam. 
VI, 4 '31 i->S 'an nx rtlttSl he who sends out a deaf and 
dumb, an idiot or a minor with burning materials (live 
coal &e.) thus causing or ordering a conflagration. lb. 
'an W* nilffin he who starts a fire (himself). lb. 60 b , 

v. isa. 

E525l=«58Srfo displease (in Targ. T. II). Targ. Y. II 
Deutf XV, 10 (ed. Vien. ffisa). lb. XXVIII, 54 BSatl 
(read ttiSSS) ; 56. 

STlS'S (b. h. -|/Sa, v. n»a; interch. with rtta q. v.) to 
startle. [Hot used in Kal.] 

Nif. H93S to be startled, frightened, confounded. Num. 
R. s. 18; Tanh. Korah 6 '51 yn» S191t3 Aaron trembled 
and was alarmed. Y.Shek.I,beg. Bab. ed. n^Sa?, v. nna. 

jB*/. n^san io frighten, bewilder. Yoma V, 1 (52*>) 
'31 fTOanb xbli) in order not to alarm the people (by a 
long delay). lb. 39 b *;a:£S Prts>3a ntlM nab why wilt thou 
be the alarmer thyself (predicting thine own destruction; 
Ms. M. a. Yalk. Zech. 578 "jaSS «*, incorr. ; Ms. Oxf. 
-|aS5>a; Y. ib. VI, 43° hot. wbnaa, v. Eabb. D. S. a. 1. 

Hithpa. nsann to be agitated, excited. Y. Sabb. VI, 8 b 
top nsana Kinttj for he is excited. 

rK?> ^' 1 ?2 <=h. (v. preced.) to be excited. Nidd. 66 b 
StfVSaV bllDa because she is excited (afraid of falling down). 

Pa. n-wa, nsa to frighten. Targ. Ps. XVIII, 5 (Ms. 
nnisa Pe.).— Keth. 77 b ^ nnsaa xab^i lest thou frighten 
me. Hull. 53 a sq. iTBlS VSaa Up ifflSa they frighten 
each other. Nidd. 66 a innsa b^T go and frighten her (by 
a sudden noise). 

Ithpe. msam, nisa-W to be afraid; to be agitated, 
anxious, in haste (cmp. b. h. Iin). Targ. I Sam. XXI, 2. 
Targ. Is. XXII, 4. Targ. II Kings VII, 15 lihttlMSrwa 
Eegia (ed. fMTYlSahKa) ; v. SSa a. 'i»al. Y. Ab. Zar. 



V, 44 d hot. nsana Mlhl and he is afraid (to touch the wine). 
— Meg. 3 a rYwaW 'JXa itfn when one is suddenly seized 
with fright. Ib. lrTOaiK. Keth. 106 a inisa trb hWO ffln 
he ran anxiously to meet him; cmp. Targ. I Sam. 1. c; 
a. fr. 

&$rfi?!2 I m. (preeed.) terror.-— PI. JWSa. Targ. Ps. 
LXXXVIH, 17, v. KWlSTa. 

^P3?2ll f. (S30) urging, stimulation. Targ. Prov. 
XIII, T l"; a. e. (h. text niSS).— Ih. XVII, 10 some ed. 

xnawa. 

fi&D, Y. Meg. I, 72 a top, v. hST?. 

5<12S, ^S ( ]/ya=pa, S3; cmp.SSa) [to split, break 
through;] (cmp. i»a I) to search, ransack. Targ. Prov. 
ii, 4 (ed. Wii. niain, read nisan). Ib. XXV, 27. Ib. 
XX, 27 (Var. K^Sa).— Part. ^SNa 13a. Ib. XXV, 2. 

I%e. ^aam, contr. ">xais$ to &e searched, found out. 
Ib. 3. Ib. XXVIII, 12 iJtaa. 

5?<2|S, «£"& (WHS) m. (=h. hra) swamp, pond. 
Targ/job VIII, 11 (Var. Kltfti). Targ!Ps.LXIX,3 XS13 
xnVisai Ms. (ed. »ia).— PI. fsa, x*sa, ~>a. Targ. is. 
XIV, 23. Targ. Y. II Ex. VIII, 1 (ed. Vien. H^a). Targ. 
Ezek. XL VII, 11. 

■pfiSil m. hemp, v. Biaoa. 

fS!21Sl (Pilp. of '('la or ySS; v.Xsa) fo 6reaA; through, 
bubble forth, burst forth. Sot.Hi>; Ex.E.s.l TSasaa Vf, 
'31 they burst forth and came out of the ground. Keth. 
lll b the righteous (dead) '31 psasaattS will break through 
(the ground) and rise in Jerusalem. — Pes. 13 a fan n^n 
'aa the leavened bread crumbled through the bag. Num. 
E. s. 18, end; Gitt. 56 b KSVn 'aa dl blood bubbled forth. 
Hull. 56 a 'aa bX if the brains bubble through the hole 
in the scull. 

fipD ch. same. Hull. 46 b XSSiOa ij* if the lungs 
(on being put in water, or water being put on the dis- 
eased spot) cast bubbles when blown up. 

nsa, d'qei, v. wtt. 

fl^a, !"[*ra f.(b.h. ) , pa;v. xsa; cmp.ns2a, a.nbt2a 
Ezek. XL VII, 11) channel, marsh, pond. — PI. EPSa, 'ia. 
Par. VIII, 10. Tosef. Mikv. I, 14. Snh. 5 b a teacher spoke 
of S^a ia the liquid of eggs, and the students under- 
stood &">Ba Ar. (Ms. ¥. ft^aia, ed. twsa, v. nssa). v. 
niya. 

fcnnriSa f., pi. nixip^sa (redupiicof i2a)=niTij 

a. SlBtsfia'; cmp. iXniiaa. " Y. b! Bath. Ill, end, 14 b (for 
which Tosef. ib. Il" 17 hlKIBtTW). V. next w. 

JTCTlSa f. (reduplio. of isa; cmp. nisiSh) a com- 
partment surrounded with bars,balustrade, balcony. Midd. 
II, 5 '31 'a niSipni and they surrounded the cell (n35S5P) 
with a balcony so that the women could sit above, while 



n»sa 



the men were seated beneath it; [Succ. 51 b JHCHIM, Ms.. 
M. msiBfltt; Tosef. ib. IV, 1 'IS tt)btt)].' [The variations 
amiSS, K1B212:)&c.,v.Babb.D.S. to Sabb.96 a , Erub. 78 b 
notes, a. Ar. s. v. KIHtlM, are clerical errors induced by- 
assonance with the synonymous XIUTltS. E£ib<JTpa as 
balcon}/, for h. trb», Symm. II' Kings I, 2, is itself an 
adaptation of XIBtltt.] 

ninsisa, rrinrjxs t. P i. caa, v. preoeao «*■ 

gines of siege or defence (v. tf^tVA). Pesik. Hahod. p. 47 a ; 
Shub. p. 163 b (for Var. Lect., 'v.' Bub; notes a. 1.); Pesik. 
B. s. 15. Midr. Till, to Ps. II, end iJS 'SI hl">bn!* Sail) 
"pis do I need camps and engines (for demolishing the 
world)?; Yalk. Ps. 623 nvmiS (corr. ace). V. nWtt&p. 

ri"]iH3 f. (b. h. nika, 11123; 123) scarcity of pro- 
vision, dearth. Ab. V, 8 '31 'a bffi 3S1 a famine in con- 
sequence of high prices, when some are hungry, others 
are satisfied, '3 btill Halrta ba 331 a famine through 
political disturbances and through dearth. Gen. B. s. 33 
'3 MlB a year of dearth. Taan.111,1 'a h3a, expl.ib,19 b 
'a T^b fwaati M3a a calamity which will produce dearth 
(want of rain in season). 

Snni2& (N?™% m%% '^) ch. same. 
Targ/jer. XVII, 8 ('ed. Wil. KhVsa) ; 'a. fr.— Taan. 19 ab 
'31 'a NISlJit MlhS when provision has to be imported 
on rivers (canals), it is called 'a, when from one country 
to another it is called &UB3. Keth. 97 a .— PI. Killisa. 
Targ. Jer. XIV, 1 (some ed. Xni2ia). 

■-.armsa .(xnTsa, anmirn) f.=h. mta, 

balcony {v. S112123). Targ. Ezek. XLI, 13 sq.; a. fr.— 



tF3&, v. hsa. 



]"S3l m. (b. h.; "12a) vintage, harvesting. Peah 
VII, 7; a. fr.— Y. B. Bath. Ill, 14 a top '31 'a . . . . . d^UJ '5 
three undisturbed grain crops, three grape harvests &c; 
v. Bab. ib. 36 b . V. rrn^a. 

TSSlI, "PIS ch. m. (123) &'m»mM,sma#; (adv.) 
less,least. Targ.Y.Gen.I,16;a.e.— Snh.l08 b . B.Mets.21 b 
isna 'a less than this; a. fr.— V. Kfr"p2pa. 

TES to be less, v. ixa.. 

»TSb,' v. 123, end. 

JIT'Spl f.=-|isal. Sabb. 17 a 'an nssiaa when they 
are cutj'a/fr— P£niT>2a. B. Bath. 36 b 'a 'J llSaTB IS, 

v. i^sa. 

322^1 ( "l^f 3 ! om P- ^ ss ) *° l> ee '/ fo *pM> branch off. 
Lam. E. introd.; Koh. B. to XII, 7 (interpret, '■pin taftt 
Ezek. XXI, 26) rnbsai Has (b«) an arm which branches 
off (direction post on tbe cross-road). 

Ithpe. V'Sa'W (denom. of xbxa) to grow bulbous. Erub. 29 b 



top Sinft "V* (ed. Pesaro a. Ar.biSBK, Var. bi23!*) the 
bulb has grown to the length of a span. 

b33 m. (b. h.; v. preced.) onion. Nidd. 17 a ; a. fr.— 
Maasr. V, 7 (8) fi&31 blD 'a, expl, in Y. ib. 52 a 'the stalk 
of which is pressed inward'; oth. opin. 'which has no 
acerbity', v. tfyk.—H. S^bsa. Shebi. n, 9 bulbil 'an 
which produce no seeds. Ib. V, 4 SillSipil '3 summer 
onions; a. fr.— Ukts. II, 8 '3 1J31 "a^S the leek-like sprouts, 
and the central sprouts of onions. Gen. B. s. 82 (ref. to 
Obad. 6) '3 nsrtp (not iVbsa) like peeling onions (laying 
bare Esau's shame). 

»bS3, v. abaia. ' 

b^b^S pr. n. m. (b. h.) Bezaleel; 1) the artificer of 
the Tabernacle. Ber. 55 a . Ex. E. s. 48; a. fr.— 2) B. B., 
an Amora. Cant. E. to III, 11 '3 "1 dlU3 H"i313 "1 (Num. 
B. s. 12 !-&S3; Pesik. Vayhi, p. 4 b lib ; Yalk. Ex. 369 only 

'1 BB3). 

tDT2, v. preced. 

D^HD," '2 "by pr. n. m. Ale B'tsalim (Onion 
Leaves')/ Y.Bnh.Vl| 23 c bot.; Y.Hag.II,77 d bot. Miriam, 
the daughter of A. B. (prob. a nickname). 

blipSlS m . (dimin. of bxz)dwarf-onion,(pallacana). 
Kil. I, 3; v/Y. ib. 27 a . [Maim.: desert onion.] 

.yiHl (b.h.; yyi; cmp.Sta, Sp3, SSB) l)to cut, break, 
esp. to break bread and say the blessing. Hull. 7 b Tro^a 
'31 bs '3 Sib never said grace over a piece of bread which 
was not his own (never accepted an invitation). Ber.46 a 
'31 Mtia afT'Sa the host breaks the bread and the guest 
says grace after meal. Ib. 47 a '31 Sl33b "Wl S213!l p&t 
he who is chosen to break the bread, must not begin to 
break until the Amen of those that respond (to the bless- 
ing) is finished; a. fr.— 2) to split the difference, to ad- 
just, compromise. Snh. 6 b top 3123b law after the 

legal proceedings are closed, thou must not act as an 
arbiter in a compromise. Ib. 'ab 11&X the court is for- 
bidden to attempt a settlement (you must let the law 
take its course). Ib. 'ab !ll2a it is a meritorious act to 
bring about a settlement. Ib. (before having formed an 
opinion the judge may say) WSai 1X2 go out and settle ; 
a. fr. 

Pi. s»aa to adjust. Y. Snh. I, 18 b top XEJ1H ssaairthe 
judge who settles a case is a sinner. Ib. SS3b : (interch. 

with 3123b). V. sistta. 

9SH ch. same. 1) to break. B. Bath. 91 b '3 mil 13 
'31 KplJi when a child broke apart a piece of St. John's 
bread. Sabb. 140 b , v. SMSTa.— *2) to tear away, rescue 
(cmp. i*&). Targ. Job XXXIII, 18 S23"< Ms. (ed. Sia"). 

Pa. SS3 to break. Targ. 0. Lev. II, 6 (Var. SS3 Pe.). 
[Y. Taan. IV, 69 b ; Y. Meg. I, 70 a bot. SSaa (Cant.B. to 
I, 16 MSJSa) read: 32ia, .13233, v. 32i.] 

n^S f. (32a, cmp. naa) ditch, dike, pond.— PI. 
ti^Saa^ .'pSSS, ^3. Tosef. Snh. Ill, 4 fS23 1MB ed. Zuck. 
(Var. -pSlSia); Shebu. 16 a '31 I31S23 13115 Ar. (read TW, 
ed.yssia, Ms.M. ^SSa) there were two ponds (re 



P^a 



m 



Jerusalem, the upper &o. Sabb. 31 a biall iSSa pa 
the dykes (of the Nile). Snh. 96 a '31 i?Xia. 



7^!3 (v. faaa) to 6reafc through, divide; to ooze, 
trickle^ drip. X. Pes. VII, beg. 34 a ppffla psxia tPSsn bs 
all other sorts of wood (used for roasting spits) will drip 
moisture. T. M. Kat. I, beg. 80 a ; Tosef. Mikv. I, 13 
pXSia di-ifin (ed. Zuok. pl£i3) the mountains are trick- 
ling (sending the rain water into the rivers ; omp. preoed.). 

pXS m. (b.h.; paa, ]/"yS, to break open, split, v.Deut. 
VIII, 4; cmp. plb a. denom.) dough. Pes. Ill, 2 (46 a ) "3 
ttilrtl deaf dough, i. e. having no indications of rising 
(which makes it doubtful whether or not fermentation 
has set in) ; [oth. reading iBIfiil 'a hard and smooth as 
a potsherd]. lb. 4; a.fr.— PI. Viipxa. Ib.40 a . 

"1^3, (b. h.; Yyz, cmp. 5>2S) to cut grapes. Pes. 3 b 
STliliaa 'j^a'ia one must cut grapes under the rules of 
levitical cleanness. Gritt. 57 a 'SI "|S-nalS ns . . 1123 the 
gentiles held vintage in vineyards soaked with Israel's 
blood; a. fr. 

Nif. 123? 1) to 6e cut. Ex. E. s. 30,1jeg. pais S^Snai 13 
123i!? untii their (the nations') time has arrived to be cut 
(ripe for punishment). 2) to be cut off, diminished. Tanh. 
Noah 18 '31 la trpxas cut off from the world (destroyed). 
Gen. B. s. 38 bfia 123i shall be denied them. 

Pi. 12a, 12iS to e«i off, whence (cmp. 115) 1) to sur- 
round, fortify. Part. pass. 1S»a. T. Pes. VIE, 35 b "bot.; 
T. Shebu. VIII, beg.. 38 b 'aa'jj a roof surrounded with 
railings, v. nixiaa.— Neg. I, 5 ni213a an eruption sur- 
rounded with sound flesh; ib. X, 2 sq. 1213a (of the hair 
in the flesh affected by the eruption). Deut. E. s. 1 (ref. 

to 112a trs Ps.lx, 11, a. 123a ib. oviii, ii) msisatu lis 

"Si the city (of Rome) which is well fortified &c— 2) to 

diminish. lb. ^snirt nisaai nii2aiD (Mat. k. nisaai, 

Yalk. Ps. 779 S12aa ch.) the city which troubles and 
diminishes Israel. 

Nithpa. 123ns to be railed around, be set apart. Meg. 
14 a ; Snh. 110 a ;' Num. E. s. 18 'SI hflb '3 blpa a place 
was set apart for them in Gehenna; Koh. E. to VII, 2. 

H.O (v. preced. a. next w.) to be diminished. Keth. 7 b 
IMS BITS M1231 who has less than one day's (celebration 
of marriage with benedictions pit meals). 

~)|23> ~'" 1 >s^ on - 1) (neut. v.) to be cut, lessened; to be 
small; to want. 'Ab. Zar. 9 a psa has (Eashi piXS) how 
much is wanting yet? Targ. Prov. XIV, 28 Sa5> 1123 the 
population is diminishing.— Hull. 42 b Sin ir& 123 there 
is, according to him, one less (than the number stated) ; 
a. fr.— 2) (act. v.) to diminish, lessen. Targ. T. Deut. 
XIII, 1; IV, 2 (Var. )!flSMl Pa.). Targ. Job XV, 4 — 
Nidd. 65 a Sin rib 123r& to allow her one night less; a.fr. 

Pa. 123 to ctrf o/f; to diminish, deduct. Men. 37 b iSM 
UTa'Wb inpaai isa he who cuts one corner of his cloak 
off.— -Targ. Koh. Ill, 5. Targ. Deut. IV, 2, a. e., v. supra. 
— Ab. Zar.9 b 'SI 183S1 we let him deduct therefrom forty 



eight. B.Mets.l03 b "p p23 I let thee have it for less.— 
Denom. S1123 one who uses the vowel letters sparingly. 
Ab. Zar. 9 at> and as a mnemonical sign (for remember- 
ing when to add and when to deduct) 'SI 'a S1BO the 
writer of Bible copies writes many words without the 
vowel letters (defective) which the Mishnah teacher writes 
plene. 

I^S m. (b.h.) I)=1i23 crop, trust means of support, 
(family-) trade. Ex. E. s.40, end 1123 ma ...... dVb* 

one should never give up his trade; Pesik. E. s. 6, end 

11123 spina (Arakh. 16 miam msaisi iniiais). Ex. E. 

1. c. '(insert Job XXII, 24—25 as text) the Lord says, 
'SI psa .... p123 StTl iJS I am your support, give ye 
never up your support (faith) ; but also the support of your 
fathers ye must not give up (labor) &c. Pesik. E. 1. c. 
thou art our God 1pi231 and our support (ref. to Ps. 
XOV, 6).— 2) pi. bpX3 fort. Ex. E. 1. c. (ref. to Job 

I. c; cmp. Targ.) -pniaTI SHDS31B He will be thy forti- 
flcation. [Talk. Deut. 811, v. 11213.] 

nana, rnsa &,., v. >**. 

iCfcZl pr. n. pi. Betseth, a Phoenician border-town 
(perh. identical with Bassa, Neub. Geogr.p. 22). T.Dem. 

II, 22 d top; Tosef. Shebi. IV, 9 (Var. nSS; Hildesh. p. 34 

723). 

Jtfpil m., S^ripi f. (ppa to enter into, search, v.' P. 
Sm. 573; cmp. sVaill, StrpJia a. IBBttJQ) gnat. Hull. 58 b 
Kali ia 'a m> no gnat lives an entire day. Ib. trb lin 
'SI "J? they suspended on the gnat's proboscis sixty &c. 
Ib. Spai 'npa isias Ar. (ed. Spaa 'a Slas) the she-gnat 
quarrelled with the he-gnat, v. ''la. — PI. ipa. Succ. 26 a 
'3 blffla on account of the gnats. Sabb. 77 b , v. lUSnfe. 

2$pS, ^pS ( j/pa, v. preced.; cmp. S23, a. 'pa; v. 
ipa, fflpa &c.) to search, investigate, examine, find out. 
Part. ipa. Targ. Prov. XVII, 3 ipa SB1X Bxt. (ed. ipJ). 
Ib. XXIV, 12 "ipsa Ms. (Bxt. a. oth. 123; corrupt. Visa; 
h. text pai).— B. Mets. 84 b 'si "]13S3 ipa (Talk. Prov. 
964 ppa) find out what thy father is doing now. Pes. 3 b 
mill isa ipa Ms.M. (ed.plia) find out his ways and man- 
ners. Gitt. 69 b 'SI ipai^ let one search for the body of one 
who died on a Sabbath. Koh.B. to XI, 2 (read:) p^SI IS 
'SI 1STTI pin pips (strike out ppBJl .... piS3 pits) while 
they were searching (for the grave), two serpents of fire &c. 

fctrfflpS, Y. Snh. VII, end, 25 d , read Srlllpa. 

^bbipa, v . abbpa. 
riTTipn, rrnpa, v. nn R a. 
nnipi, v. niipp. 

n pS, v. spa. 

^pS, ^"'pS m. h. a. ch. (Spa) expert, versed, famil- 
iar. 'Targ. I Chr. XI, 11.— Kidd. 10 b mm Tina 'a well 
acquainted with the chambers (intricacies) of the Law; 
T. Keth. V, 29 d hot. 'SI iirtQ 'a. Snh. VII, 2 !r|ifi sVlB 



a'jjja 



ns>{;si 



'a 1"3 the court -was not -versed in the law. Yoma 49 a 
niSlBia '3 an expert in medicine. Yeb. 102 a nnx Dl^>3 
'31 "13 '3 art thou acquainted with E. &c.?; Tosef. ib. 
XII, 11 '31 "13 "j*> rm '3 ed. Zuck. (read "1 "^ 'in '3 as 
oth. ed.) was R. . . . well known to thee? Keth. 6 b ; a. 
fr.— PZ. T&Opa, i!*ipa. Targ. I Chr. XII, 32 (Var. ysipa). 
Hull. 4 a '31 '3 y« (the Samaritans) are not so well versed 
in the details of the Law as &c. Gitt. 86 b . Kidd. 30 a 
IJWpa a£> "fi» . . . ; '3 Wi* they (the ancients) were 
versed in Biblical orthography (in defective and plene), 
we are not.— Fem. ns*ip3. Hag. 5 a . [Targ. X. II Gen. 
XLIX, 12 -ftdjsra yipa Ar., ed. ins, incorr., Levita in 
Tishbi psipa"; Y. I DObn ^ 'pT 51 ] 



»;j?3, lF§£.vdck,Y.V!Wa. 



STpSlI m. (Sp3; cmp. nS23) /jsswre, (KfcA, esp. s»o« 
pond for washing clothes. M. Kat. 8 b 131 113133, expl. as 
NniJ. 131 NniJ a large pond and a small pond. Tosef. 
B. Bath. 1,2. Ib. M. Kat. l,90...1lt* IT Nibrekheth 
a. B'kia are the same; Y.ib.I,80 d '31 nttttn JKintB t>3 any 
permanent cut in the ground is called Sipa (fissure, a 
grave, wash-pond &c). [Another opin. in Ar. / 3= / 3 "as 
a flat stone whereon washers beat their clothes; Y. 1. c. 
'31 KlrittJ i>3 any stone fixed in the ground is called 
a b'kia.~Ms. M. a. ed. Ven. Sip3, v. SgS.] 

^"'JpSlH m. ch. (Sp3=Jrtp3)=Xipa. Snh. 5 b iala3 'a 
(Ms. M.'sipB) an expert in judging bodily defects. B. 
Bath. I64 b S>ip3 some ed. (Ms. M. ip3, F. SipS).— PI. 
•pSipa, ^pa. Targ. I Chr. XII, 32 Var., v. ipa. Shebu. 42 a 
"too ijipa nirS)3n no3T (some ed. "Wp3, Ms. F. '3) the 
majority of the experts are supposed to be better versed 
(than the minority). 

fc^pSl m. (Spa) that which is demolished by chop- 
ping! T^qy. E. s. 19, v. D^S. 

n^pi f.(Sp3) deleaving, cleft; that which is cloven, 
a log! PZ.VflSipa. Koh. E. to II, 23 'a WO & Spa chop 
for me two logs; (Gen. E. s. 27 nVSpa, v. JlSpa). Koh. 
E. to X, 9; Gen. E. s. 55, end '31 Spatt) '3 WO -131153 as 
a reward for the two pieces of wood which Abraham 
Chopped (Gen. XXII, 3).— 2) crossing, passing over. Sabb. 
101 a BW nSipa the crossing of fish under the ship. 

■"py^a, T^J* (tD5)pr. n. pi. S'&mm, (K'far) 
P'kiin, modern Fukin, a place in Southern Palestine 
between Lydda and Jabneh, residence of E. Joshua. Y. 
Hag. I, beg. 75 d . Snh. 32 b ; a. fr. 

fctp^p2 m. (pp3; cmp. Sp3, XSipa) a broken piece, 
potsherd. ftf.-jipipa. Targ.Y.Ex.XII,12;Num.XXXIII,4. 

I^J^bpS, Cant. E. to I, ,12 '31 &13'ipl3 '3, read <pa&6p. 
'31 'p133, v. $p.; v. Yalk. ib. 983. 

*&*D!3p2, ^^pl^l m. (t&p3, ^p3 with 6 intens., 
as OSia'a. Sl>3; "cmp. Syr. xbpia P. Sm. 474; ypa, 
cmp. Insp3) club, shepherd's crook. Gen. E. s. 38 3D3 Dp 
rPbipa (or S!D^p3) he stood up, took (his) . crook and 



broke the idols, '31 Kt&pia 3JVH and placed the crook 
into the hand of the largest of them (Eashi N0pbl3, corr; 
ace.).— PI. loipa, idbtfa p&Vipa). Zeb. ios a s-ft itsipa 

'133 Eashi (ed. i&bipS3 ; Ms. M.' t&pa, Ar. s. v. tibp, i&Vlpa, 
Ms. E. 1 iDJipa, Ms. K. i&Jlpa) they seize it (the Sacrifice 
to be burnt) with crooks (while standing outside). 

2?p^ (b. h.; ypa, v. Np3) 1) to split, chop; to break 
through. B. Mets. 99 a 13 '3; (Kidd. 47 b Spia) if he chopped 
wood with it. Gen. E. s. 55, end; Koh. E. to X, 9; II, 23, 
v. fiSfpa. Ex. E. s. 21 '31 tmb Spia 138 I am going to 
split the sea for them; a. fr.— Lam. E. to II, 2 ISpS 
'31 lTfl^na broke through the lines of N.'s armies; 
Y. Taan. IV, 69 b top -prf> inia.— 2) to cross, make a 
short cut, pass over. Y. Pes. I, 27 b bot. Di3intD ISM 
'31 pSpia a court which people use for crossing. Erub. 
16 b ; Sabb. 101 b (a low wall) '3 '31 DUianil) over which 
the kids pass; v. nsp3.— 3) (cmp. paxa) to break through 
the ground, esp. as a legal fiction for a levitical impurity 
the cause of which is underground, but which affects 
the things above and beneath. Ohol. VI, 6 nSpia H^aiB 
'31 the impurity breaks through the ground and rises, and 
breaks through and goes down; a. fr.— Koh. E. Ill, 16 
rtVlSI '13 din STTi the blood broke through and rose. 
Midr. Till, to Ps. LXXVIII, 45 113M fit* '3, 11S3 '3 break 
through (take root in) the rock; a. fr. 

Nif. Spa? to be split, to burst open. Ib. yiSpM fBi&n 
'31 the door sells were burst before them. Ib. btlo'n '3 
l'toxa the vessel went to pieces of itself. Gen. E. s. 55, end 
'31 B^n SpanV nai he was rewarded by the sea being 
divided before the children of Israel. Hull. 14 b Spai t*aiB 
113n the wine bottle may burst; a. fr. 

Pi. Spa, Spia 1) to split, chop, tear. Kidd. 47 b , v. 
supra. Y. Bets. I, 60 a bot.; Y. Ab. Zar. II, 41 c bot. ISpiaiB 
'31 arib (ISpatD) of whose flocks the wolves had torn more 
than &c. Bets. IV, 3 '31 'pSpaa f« one must not split 
woods (on Holy Days) etc. Sifre Deut. 183 (ref. to Deut. 
XIX, 5) Spaan y$n )n from, the splitting wood (the handle), 
opp.Span»np>nthe sprawood(the tree). Tanh.Vayetse9 
'31 isp3 chop thou &c— Part. pass. S^Oa. Ab. Zar. 65 b 
niSpWa grapes burst open. — 2)tojam in,wedge. Sabb.67 b 
disi3 lispsan (Eashi Var. nS3pan, Ms. M. Diss) one 
who squeezes egg-shells &c. (a superstitious practice ; 
Tosef. ib. VI (VII), 18 bni33 D1S3 roniSft). 

Hif. Sipan 1) to cut, clear. Shebi. IV, 5 bwa ?ip3an 
'31 he who cuts olive-trees down (in the Sabbath year) 
must not cover the stump with ground. — 2) to lead a 
line crosswise. Y.Kii.III, 28 d top '31 Sip3nb to plant four 

Hiihpa. Spann to be split; to burst, break. Sifre Deut. 
183, v. supra.— Sabb. XVI, 5. Cant. E., to VI, 4. 

PpS m. (b. h. ; Spa) [a split,'] beka, a weight and a 
coin, equal to half a Shekel. Gen. E. s. 84; a. e. 

S^^pS, v. xnspa. 

n3?pit f. (b. h.; Spa) cut, notch, whence valley, plane; 
a group of fields ;^f. &WX3; esp. a short cut for farm- 



vpn 



snpa 



laborers &c. Toh.VI,7, a.e. '31 nahn nW3 'an the path 
through the fields in summer-time (whe^n used by field 
laborers) is considered as private ground with regard 
to Sabbath laws, as public with regard to levitical purity. 
B.Bath.61 b when one sells ... a field n!=115 '33 within a 
large group of fields (all belonging to the seller). lb. (in 
a place) where they call '3 '3!=1 '123 nittfc a field sadeh and 
an estate bikah; a. fr. — Trnsf. an unguarded field, moral 
danger. Erub. 6 a ; 100 b ; Hull. 110 a '31 KSa '3 31 Bab found 
an unguarded field and fenced it in, i. e. found people 
transgressing the law in ignorance and instituted prevent- 
ive regulations.— PL nwj33. Gen. B. s. 98.-2) (constr.) 
nsp33 pr. n. pi. Valley of—, as S>KS"ni '3, Vm '3&c, for all 
of which see the respective determinants. 

''S'pO, T. Ned. IV, beg. 38 c , v. S^a. 

n^pS f. (Spa) l)chip,piece of wood; log to be chopped. 
B. Earn. 32 b '31 '3 nVd a chip slipped out (of the carp- 
enter's hand) and struck his face; Y. ib. Ill, end, 3 d . 
Y. Mace. II, 31 c bot.. Y. Bets. IV, 62 c hot. HX "psao 'pK 
'an you must not extinguish the log; v. D&3. Sabb. 29 a 
top; a. fr— PZ. (cmp.pl. of flqi'S) ni*Sp3. Hull.37 b -**« 
'3 rtolK even if strong enough to bite wood. Koh. B. to 
III, 17 (a gloss expl. ymi). Gen. B. s. 27, v. nsipk— - 
2) dial, for TOpB q. v. 

J$ri?p!jl, '5J5S ch. same. Targ. Y. Num. XIX, 6. 

KJl3J^a, '3>pS, fc^pS f. ch.=h. nspS. . Targ. Gen. 
XI, 2 T ; 'a. fr.— 'A Knspa.— Y. Shebi. Ill, 34 c top, v. 

nssipQ.— Cocstr. nsp|* pr. n. Valley of Gen. B. s. 10 ; 

a/fr. ' 

"IpS (b.h.; "j/p3, v. Spa) to enter into, to clear, split; 
whence 1) (=153) to eat up. Denom. 1p3 (=1"<sa). — 
2) (=1S3) to break forth, shine. Denom. IpL 

Pi.lp^a, Ipja (b.h.) 1) to enter into, examive, search, 
distinguish (cmp. 'pa). Keth. 106 a faia "'Ipaa those 
entrusted with the examination of sacrificial animals. Y. 
Bets. II, 61 c top ycTfcm ')1p' , 3 , l and had them examined 
(and declared free) from bodily defects. Hag. 9 h pX 
'31 silpa dMalX we do not say, Examine ye a camel, a 
swine &c. (i. e. only the deeds of distinguished persons 
are scrutinized) ; a. fr. — Part. pass. 1p13a examined and 
found fit. Y. Ber. IV, 7 b top dil^OB D^ia lambs which 
passed examination.— 2) to inquire after one's health, to 
visit the sick. Ned. IV, 4 (38 b ). ilp3^> D3331 and comes 
to see him. Snh. 68 a ; a. v. fr. [Buth. B. to II, 15, v. 
infra.] 

Eithpa. 1|H2iTi, Nithpa. l]?arfl l)tobe examined. Gen. 
B. s. 81 nipstli ISpSS his account is examined (his sins 
visited); Tanh. Vayishlah 8 nipsrra. Gen.B. s. 84, read 
with Yalk. Gen. 141 ibpJS 'ani my account &c. 2) to be 
visited, attended to. Num. B. s. 18 as all sick persons 
"p1]sS!n» are tended (by physicians). 

Hif. I^pan (Y. Dial, for l^psn, v. IpB; v. next w.) 
to give free, to resign ownership, to declare a property 
ownerless. Y. Ned. IV, 38 a ; Y. Peah V, beg. 1 9 b [read :] pa 
imiBla SUP 131 *fp3» tftxm as soon as one declares a 
thing to be free, it has gone out of his control ; Y. Dem. 



in, 23 b bot. ipan nipsn . . . ttsii ... 'a diws yps as 

soon as one gives a thing free and it has left his posses- 
sion, his act is valid; a.fr. [Buth.B. to 11,15 1p3a, .toa, 
prob. T>p3a; v. 113.] 

Hof. Ipam to be declared free, to be free. Y. Peah 
VI, 19 c top'.— Part. 1&3W Ib. 19 b bot. '31 nipata ilffl 
(Tosef. Maasr. Ill, 11." 'Sla . . iin) my field shalibefree 
for one day &c; a. e. 

~*01 ch. same.— Pa. 1p3 1) <o search, examine. Targ. 
O. Lev.' xm, 36; a. fr.— 2) to clear, glean. Targ. Y. I 
Deut. XXIV, 20 (II '3nn, read )TpSn, h. text IK&n).— 
3) to let the herd graze (cmp. 133), to drive unmuzzled 
animals. Targ. Y. Gen. XIII, 7.-4) to visit the sick. 
Targ. Y. Ex. XVIII, 20; a. e.— Y. Sabb. VI, 8 C bot.; a. 
fr.— 5) (=preced.Hif.) to abandon, leave unclaimed, declare 
free. Targ. Y. Ex. XXIII, 1 1 Ar. (some ed. IpBM, read 
1p3ni). Y. Shebi. IX, 39 a top )lWV\p nip3X1 and I will 
declare it free goods in their presence. Ib. nip 'pljsOal and 
declare ye it free property. 

"IpS, "lp"Q m. (b. h.; v. 1p3) morning, early day; 
metaph. light, salvation. Y. Taan. I, 64 a top &ipil2£P '3 
'31 a morning for the righteous, a night for the wicked. 
Buth. B. to ni, 13 '31 dp-133 '33 'in the morning'— that 
means in the world which is all-good. Esth. B., introd. 
(ref. to Deut. XXVIII, 67) '31 ?33 ?1B nip33 in the morn- 
ing (ascendancy) of Babel thou shalt say, Oh that her 
evening (downfall) would come! Gen. B. s. 21 (ref. to 
Dan. VIII, 14) '31 11p3 niBSJttfab when the morning of 
the (persecuting) nations shall become evening, and tjie 
evening of Israel morning; Tanh. ed. Bub. B'resh. 23. 
Mekh. Bo, s. 6 in order to define it! '3 PtH 11p3P at the 
very break of morning; Y. Ber. I, 2° top. — PI. S11p2. 
Yoma 33 b '3 iSttSi lnppfi divide the acts prescribed into 
two mornings, i. e. let another act be inserted between. 
Ber. 27 a '3 15U5P Tlppn take only one half of the morn- 
ing hours. Y. Pes. V, 31 d top t^lpan "p3 lan Itfia *$> tvv< 
then it ought to have read there ben hab-Vkaraim (as 
you read Qi31Sn "pa, Du.). 

"Ipil m. (b. h.; v. 1p2) a beef; (collect.) oxen, cattle. 
SifraVayikra ch. II, Par. 2 '31 '3 XPX nan33 "|P pit under 
b'hemah for offerings (Lev. I, 2) are meant only beeves 
and sheep; a.fr. '3 "]3 young cattle, calf. Ib. ; a. fr.— iSH 
'3 herders (suspected of feeding upon other peopled fields). 
Snh. Ill, 2 '3 '1 na&lfl i?S pSaM (if one. says) I have 
faith in (the arbitration of) three herders. 

"ipn m. (preced.) neat-herd, cow-herd; cattle-driver, 
Y. Bete. V, 63 b , v. PS1. 

5<"1pil I ch. same. B. Mets. 42 b .— PI. ilpa. Sot. 48 a 
'31 NiaT the song of the drivers (at ploughing). 

^1J?5 II m., pl.^lpa (v. Ipa, cmp. b.h. 15)3 a. 1131) 
[empty,] light-minded, thoughtless. Targ. Jud. IX, 4 Ar. 
a. Kimhi (ed. ^TCa). 

S$"lp!| c. (1p3) herd. Targ. Y. Deut. VH, 13 Wpa 

-|i1in T (h,"text "|1S^X 151B). B. Mets. 84 a iliri '3 a herd 



rwnj?a 



of oxen, (Var. Jtt1&, v.Rashia.l. a. Rabb. D.S.a. 1. note 2). 
— PI. m. "plpa, constr. ilpa. Targ. 0. Deut. 1. c; Targ. 
ib. XXVIII, 4.— Eem. ppa. Targ. Joel I, 18; Is. VII, 25. 

rfi-lJS f- (1$) cattle-yard, cattle-farm, stock of cattle. 
M.Kat. 12 a ; Tosef.ib.II, 11 Tffp-a (Var. rV)1ip3, mips); 
Y. Pes. IV, 31 b top trnpa. T. Yeb. IV, 6 a bot.; Y. Nidd. 
I, 49 b top; Gen. R. s. 20 [read:] WS1B5K rVQ i© mip3 

">3i ma bffl rviipa ruaa (t^nns) ls^ami maw nrm the 

herd of the estate of A. passed by and (some oxen) thereof 
covered the herd of Rabbi's estate; [perhaps the second 
nl1p3 is to be read nilp T 3 fem. pi. of illpa; v. Var. 
lect. in 1. c] 

£$rfi"lj?H I ch. same. Lam. R. to I, 9 Iftl jXlsa in 
'aa one is employed in the fold and one in the cattle-farm. 
Y. Snh. vn, 25 d bot. '31 Nrvfipa 'fc bM 3M (corr. }a . . 
trb Min^KI '1p3) he stole a calf from the yard and 
brought it to him. 

- ^ri1"lp5 II, &trMl|£l f. (v. S'ipail) levity, thought- 
lessness. Targ. Jer. XXIII,' 32. Targ.' I Sam. XVII, 28. 

rn^s. v. sip?. 

V-lpjl (b. h. ; i/p3, v. Xp3 ; corresp. to ch. 153) ; Pi. aJp^a, 
iBjKa to seek, desire, beg, ask. Kidd. 65 a "31 'pltfpaa the 
court begs him to give her a letter of divorce, opp. to 
*p&13. Ber. 12 b '31 Siapb iilijps they (the Rabbis) intended 
to insert the chapter about Balak &c. Gen. R. s. 84 '3 
'31 attS^b he intended to live in peace ; a. fr. — d^ahl '3 to 
pray (for mercy), v. TO. Ber. 1. c. B. Bath. 91 b ; a. fr. 

Hithpa. UJpanri, Nithpa. liigans to be sought, to be 
hunted for (by detectives) ; to be summoned. Taan. 29 a 
(a disguised warning given to R. Gamliel) DBinn ^33 
IBgana the well-known man is wanted; v. tJBfrl. B. 
Mets.' 86 a , v. naiw\ 

f"TO|?3 f. (b. h.; preced.) desire, prayer. Ned. XI, 12 
'a "pi in the way of a request (to give a divorce, v. 
preced.). Ber. 9 a , a. fr. '3 yw)> }6s Si "put the word eO 
in the Bible means prayer (I pray &c). Ib. 57 a ST^n 
irna^a his prayer is held in suspense (its fulfillment is 
doubtful).— -|aa 'as I pray thee, v. 533. Ib. 9 a . Gen. R. 
s. 75 end; a. fr.— PI. friiapa. 

fctiTipS, iSf)]?"^ f. (=xns!p3,v.W!«3a.riSp3)wa&y, 
short cut; group of fields. Ber. 34 b bot. I consider him 
arrogant '33 '^Sal ^a (Ms. M. a. Ar. snpEQq. v.) who 
prays in a valley (where people pass by). Keth.54 a ; 103 a 
inpi33 »Vl W33 'in my house' ('as long as you will 
spend your widowhood in my house' — the marriage con- 
tract reads) but not in my estate, i. e. she must be 
content to live in her late husband's house with his 
heirs, but she cannot claim a separate residence. [Com- 
ment. inpS=ifip5> 13 house of my distress, narrow house, 
i. e. when there is no room for her and the heirs, she 
loses her claims, v. Sabb. 77 b , etymol. of '3=KtnpS> ">3 
narrow place.]— ^a 13 (fl3) one of the same rural com- 
munity; trnsf. of the same class or category; neighbor. 
Men. 24 b '3 -03 lri*>13 they all belong together. Me'il.l7 b 



'3 Sill ija of the same category.— Yeb. 84 a "Q ro (ed. 
Silpta) a parallel case stated immediately after. 

■ 8Tp, v. SJS3. ' 

l3l m. (b. h.; 113) {empty, open] 1) uncultivated 
ground, forest, prairie; opp. 3HI5i\ Ki].VIII,6. Hull. 80* 
Ian 1185 the ox of the prairie, buffalo. Ib.'3ri V^ forest 
ram. Y. Sabb. XIV, 14 b bot. '3 bffl 1"nh wild swine.— 
2) clear, visible, whence the outside, surface, opp. ytr\. 
Yoma 72 b a scholar 1133 13in 'pKID whose inside is not 
as his outside (who is insincere); Ber. 28 a . Y. Pes. 
VII, 34 a bot. 13 -pn the inner parts of the Passover lamb 
must hang outside (not be put inside, v. R. Akiba in 
Mish.VII.l); Mekh.Bo,6 131 "jin (read 13 13in); Pes. 74 a 
R. Ish. called it 13 "pfl Ar. s. v. "|rl2 (ed. *pn "pn, Var. 
in Rashi a. Ar. S133in q. v.). 

~\% 111, fcTfi ch. same 1) (=h. Sllto, IS?) forest, 
prairie &c. Targ.Ps.L, lOsq. Targ. 0. Gen. 111,1; a.e. — 
2) (adj.) living in the forest &c, wild. Targ.Ps.l.c. Var. 
STO VllSin; Sabb.78 a '3 xVlSJIh Ms. M. (ed. tb....) wood- 
cock (hen of the prairie).— *3) peel. Ib. 139 b Xaim 'a 
the peel of garlic; [Rashi, expl. sbs, must have read 
X13S].— 4) (=h. pri) outside, outdoors, street. Targ. Gen. 
XXXIV, 31 '3 rpS3 a prostitute, v. prill; a. fr.— Y.Kil. 
IX, 32 b -eb "[b "TO ]iV2 who wants thee outside? (an 
intimation to leave the room). Snh. 62 al> ; Sabb. 106 a , a. e. 
Sials iSH plB go out and teach it in the street (i. e. your 
tradition is rejected). — X13 X3H a Tannai not recorded 
in the Mishnah, v. xmna. M.Kat. 17 b (Rashi: fcttrVwi 
Stt1"*iai); B. Bath. 93 b " Ar. (ed. S1h3); cmp. MS13.— 
4) (prep. a. adv.) outside; )'Q 13 outside of, except, with- 
out. Targ. 0. Gen. XIV, 24; a. fr.— Ber. 38 b "p }a '3 
'31 '31 without this and without that, i. e. . apart from 
these two arguments. Y. Erub. VII, end 24 d iTWia 'a 
without his knowledge; a. fr— Hull.62 b rWH "ilfi ^WW 
and thy mnemonical sign (as to S112 a. Slid, the one 
being forbidden, the other permitted) be: keep aloof from 
it (Kl^3). — Trnsf. restriction (everywhere except . . .), 
proviso. Succ. 45 b ; Snh. 97 b who enter the heavenly 
courts 'as with certain qualifications (by special grant), 
'3 sba without any restrictions.— lals, 13^a apart from, 
outside, exclusively. Cant. R. to VII, 8 Sxifflia '3^ except 
the Israelites. Hull. 9 8 a sixty one, rt)ia '3^ . . . IS rTTil 11S13 
the one (egg) included or excluded? B.Bath.90 b mnirllB 
'3^a the sixth part (as an addition) is outside, i. e. to 
each five portions one is added, an addition of twenty 
percent, opp. lAa. B. Mets. 53 b , v. SBain. 

' "fill, &OS m. ch. (b. h. 13 poetic; ^13) sow, off- 
spring. Targ. Gen. IV, 25; a.v.fr.— VsiailJ '3 son of Sam.; 
... '11 STna son of ... . Ber. 3 a . Hull. ll a ; a. v. fr.— B. 
Mets. 110 a . . fiai ttia the son of the daughter of ... . 
Sabb. 116 b '31 SttTQ K13 Cilpaa where there is a son, the 
daughter cannot inherit. Y. Shebi. IX, 39 a bot. !iaX 
'3 niV' )ftf this nan's mother has born a son, i. e. she 
may be proud of him; Y. Ab. Zar. IV, 43 d '3 ma^K iTW 
(not WW); a. v. fr.— PI. fpia, 113. Targ. Y. Ex. X, 9 
(some ed.). Targ. Ps. GXXVII, 5 Ms.] pSa, i», S*_33. 



■^sra 



Targ. Gen. V, 4 ^ai psa sons and daughters; a. fr.— 
Keth.IV, 10(in a marriage contract) ^131 "pna male issue, 
opp. yap-li Ija, ib. ll.— Ber. 10 a 1^501 'a good children. 
Y. B.Bath. VIII, 16 b hot. nnsmiim yfln fit (read n_53) 
if my children turn out well; a. v. fr.— 13 13, na 13 
grandson. Esth. B. introd. (expl. 1331 'p) 13 131 13 (not 
13131) son and grandson; a. fr. 

JVw. v. nia. [The meaning of 13 in compounds is 
generally the same as of -p a. ^33, e. g. 'jablit '3 a scholar, 
i&errax '3 a dim-, Xiaffi '3 a maniac, nsi '3 a rational 
being. 31 13 13, v. "Q. For compounds which are not self- 
evident, see the respective determinants.] 

IS III m. (b. h.; 113; v. 131) clear, ^bright, clean, 
•pure. Tosef. Kil. Ill, 6 (missing in ed. Zuckerm., v.Var. 
a.l.) '31 ip31 13 NintD who is clear and well-versed in &c. 
Num. B. s.10 (ref. to 113 Prov. XXXI,2, a. 13 Ps. 11,12) 
the Law 13 tttflpi &WHI5 which is called bar (clear, pure, 
Ps. XIX, 9).— PI. biia. Ib. 

"13 IV, "1 3 m. (b.h.; v. 113) [sifted] grain. Ber. 55 a 
'31 xSa "rib K"!*ffl dU53 as there can be no grain without 
straw, so there is no dream without idle things ; Ned. 8 a . 

IX~pl I outside, forest &c, v. 13 1 ch. 

fct"fill, X13I to create, v. 113. 



&n&n* 



an. 



riJina, VTH2, mil m. (v. 131 ch.) 1) external, 
foreign, not belonging to, opp. nxia. Targ. II Kings 
XVI, 18; a. e.— Y. Pes. VII, beg. 34^3 JWh, v. 131 ch.— 
Gen.B.s.49; Yalk.Gen.83 (interpret. S-lMjn Gen.Xin,25) 
"jb Kin ,11113 (mi3) it is foreign to thy nature; v. hSini. 
— PI. »1 Kidd. 33 a '3 ins the outer chambers of the 
bath-house. Hag. 5 b '3 ya the outer chambers 8f the 
heavens. B. Bath. 30 a '3 iplttia in the market places 
abroad.— Pern. Xniia, JttV"iia. Targ. Ezek. XLII, 1; a. 
e.— Y. M. Kat. m, beg. 81°; Y. Ned. X, 42 b top '3 X51K 
(=h.p»'b fin) abroad; v. fix.— PL KST13, xniila. Targ. 
Prov. XXX, 4 KS1X1 '3 the extreme ends of T &c.-2) (as 
noun) street, open place, field. B.Bath. 40* sit down ipl!M 
'331 Bashi (ed. SpllBa) in markets and open places (i. e. 
in public). Hull. 43 ; 47 a ; 58 b '3 "m the animals of the 
prairies, v. 13 1 ch.— Esp. KHiila, NS1113 (sub. X!ni3no= 
h. misinn fiilDa) Baraitha (or Boraitha), traditions and 
opinions of Tannaim not embodied in the Mishnah as 
compiled by B. Judah han-Nasi. [A collection of such 
Baraithas is found in the Tosefta (Kn&Oin) which bears 
the nearest resemblance to the Mishnah and is called by 
that name in Talm. Y. — The B. in frequently called 
amino (Ch.) in contrad. to TOffira (Hebr.), v.Num.B.s. 18 
(ref. to Cant. VI, 8); Lev. B.s. 30.]— Sabb. 19 b ; Erub.19^; 
a. e. nib 'SialD Kb '3 (cmp. Sabb. 61 a ; Pes. 101 b Trtino 
'31 Kb) he did not know that Boraitha. Ber. 19 a ; a. fr. 

^SOS m. (v. preced.)=iK13&t outside. Ab. Zar. 28 a 
'31 naa an external wound. — (Adv.) Zeb. 15 a '3 11 iKpl 
the layman stands outside. Ib. '31 piSJ rib does (the 
blood) run only outside (away from the altar) and not 
also inside (in all directions)? 



iTlDi$"fi (b. h.) in the beginning, as a cosmological 
term (ref. to Gen. 1,1) creation, primeval period, Nature, 
Universe. Targ.Is.XXVIH,29;a.e — '3a from the begin- 
ning. Ib. XLI, 4. — 'a naiSa a) creation.. Gen. B. s. 3; a. 
fr. — b) cosmogony, contrad. to n331H i"HBSa theosophy, 
Hag. II, 1 ; a. fr.— Y. Shebi. I, beg. 33 a '3 naffl the Sab- 
bath commemorative of creation, i.e. the regular weekly" 
l, contrad. to Holy Days. [In later Hebr. '3 nattJ 
. which the first section of the Pentateuch 
is read.]— Ber. IX, 2 '3 (nilJSO) niBlS "pIS praised be the 
Author of creation — a formula of benediction for awe- 
inspiring natural phenomena; v. ib. a. Y. ib. 13 c bot. — 
'3 iqi ntDlB from the six days of creation. Keth. 8 b 3in5 
'31 1B» Kin this is the way (the lot of humanity) since 
the world existed. — Tosef. Maasr. HI, 14: a.fr.— Y. Taan. 
II, 65 a bot. '3 TO; Lam. B. to III, 40 '3 i»iO primeval 
waters, Ocean &c. (v. Gen. I, 9 sq.).— 'a 13& The Booh of 
Genesis. Gen. B. s. 3; a. e— n31 '3 B'reshith Rabbah 
(G